45,331 results match your criteria Congestive Heart Failure[Journal]


Diastolic dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis patients with low disease activity.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases, Medical University of Lublin, Ul. Jaczewskiego 8, 20-950, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction/objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for congestive heart failure (CHF) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), as compared to the general population. High disease activity is to be associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), CHF, and mortality in RA patients. LVDD is not anticipated in RA patients without CVD symptoms and may be underdiagnosed especially in those with low disease activity. Read More

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December 2018

Predictors of Surgical Intervention in Dialysis Patients With Infective Endocarditis.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2018 Nov 20;5(11):ofy265. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: The use of valve surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients may be different than in the general population. We assessed predictors of early surgery in ESRD patients with IE.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among dialysis patients with left-sided IE between 2005 and 2015. Read More

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November 2018

Quadricuspid aortic valve associated with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 18;9(6):233-235. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

A patient without any known congenital cardiac abnormalities who suffered from ventricular tachycardia was taken to the emergency room following successful resuscitation. Transthoracic echocardiography showed diffuse left ventricle dysfunction and mild aortic regurgitation. Coronary angiography demonstrated intact coronary and suspected morphological abnormalities of the aortic valve. Read More

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June 2014
1 Read

Combination of hypertonic saline and low-dose furosemide is an effective treatment for refractory congestive heart failure with hyponatremia.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 11;9(5):179-182. Epub 2014 Feb 11.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan.

Hyponatremia often associates with heart failure. Although severe salt restriction is generally recommended in heart failure treatment, it may promote hyponatremia which is a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in heart failure patients. Therefore, it is not yet clear whether correction of hyponatremia is an effective treatment in congestive heart failure with hyponatremia. Read More

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Peripartum cardiomyopathy with biventricular thrombus which led to massive cerebral embolism.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 13;9(2):71-74. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shizuoka City Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.

A 37-year-old female who delivered her second child via a cesarean section 4 months previously presented to our hospital with gradual worsening of dyspnea on effort. Chest radiographic appearance showed cardiomegaly (cardiothoracic ratio 61%) and slight bilateral pulmonary congestion. Echocardiogram revealed diffuse hypokinesis of both left and right ventricles (left ventricular ejection fraction 29%) and large biventricular thrombus [left ventricular apex (28 mm × 21 mm, 22 mm × 14 mm) and right ventricular apex (16 mm × 11 mm)]. Read More

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February 2014

Abrupt change in the shape of a left ventricular mural thrombus after intra-aortic balloon pump-supported percutaneous coronary intervention in recent myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 May 9;11(5):144-146. Epub 2015 Mar 9.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

A 77-year-old woman was diagnosed with congestive heart failure and broad anterior acute myocardial infarction that had occurred 10 days prior to her presentation in our hospital. A flat and immobile thrombus was widely attached to the luminal surface of the left ventricular antero-apical wall with dyskinetic motion. For treatment-resistant heart failure, the patient underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with intravenous heparin, supporting an intra-aortic balloon pump. Read More

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Editorial: High-output state due to an arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis access as a cause of the aggravation of congestive heart failure.

Authors:
Yutaka Kagaya

J Cardiol Cases 2015 May 2;11(5):136-138. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

Office of Medical Education, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

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Pathological evaluation of massive left atrial calcification 35 years after mitral-aortic valve replacement.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Feb 31;11(2):44-47. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

Department of Surgical Pathology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Massive calcification of the left atrium is an uncommon complication of long-standing rheumatic valve disease, and is frequently revealed in patients with a previous operation on the mitral valve. An 84-year-old woman, who had a history of rheumatic valvulopathy and mitral-aortic valve replacement surgery 35 years previously, was admitted to our hospital due to congestive heart failure. Chest X-ray showed severe cardiomegaly with rim of calcification outlining the enlarged left atrium. Read More

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February 2015

Improvement in systolic function in left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Dec 6;10(6):231-234. Epub 2014 Sep 6.

Department of Internal Medicine Section on Cardiology at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

This is a case of a 48-year-old man who presented with a pulmonary embolism and was found to have left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy. Initial echocardiograms demonstrated prominent apical trabeculations with reduced biventricular function. These findings were further confirmed and characterized by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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December 2014

Alemtuzumab induced ST-segment elevation and acute myocardial dysfunction.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Nov 28;10(5):176-179. Epub 2014 Jul 28.

Montefiore-Einstein Center for Heart and Vascular Care, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Cardiac toxicity as a side effect of chemotherapeutic agents has been well reported in the literature. Cardiac toxicity secondary to alemtuzumab has been reported, presenting as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. Here we report a case of acute myocardial dysfunction after administration of a test dose of alemtuzumab. Read More

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November 2014

Marked decrease in BNP levels in 2 related patients with reversible dilated cardiomyopathy.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Feb 27;5(1):e65-e68. Epub 2011 Nov 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Kumamoto, Japan.

Two male patients, one in his thirties and the other in his fifties, were admitted to different hospitals for congestive heart failure (CHF). In both patients, laboratory findings indicated high plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels (266.0 and 902. Read More

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February 2012

Effect of Oral Alfacalcidol on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Without Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Receiving Maintenance Hemodialysis: The J-DAVID Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2018 12;320(22):2325-2334

Hemodialysis Center, Inoue Hospital, Soryu Medical Corporation, Osaka, Japan.

Importance: Patients with chronic kidney disease have impaired vitamin D activation and elevated cardiovascular risk. Observational studies in patients treated with hemodialysis showed that the use of active vitamin D sterols was associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of parathyroid hormone levels.

Objective: To determine whether vitamin D receptor activators reduce cardiovascular events and mortality in patients without secondary hyperparathyroidism undergoing hemodialysis. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of Heart Transplantation on the Recovery of Peripheral and Respiratory Muscle Mass and Strength in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure.

Transplant Direct 2018 Nov 1;4(11):e395. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Heart Institute University of São Paulo School of Medicine and Heart and Lung Messejana's Hospital, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Background: To assess the impact of heart transplantation (HT) on the recovery of peripheral and respiratory muscle mass and strength in patients with congestive heart failure.

Methods: The study included 23 patients with an indication for HT (patients in the waiting list [WL] group). These patients were monitored for 1. Read More

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November 2018

Cardiac Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 ;6(9):180-183

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center/Health + Hospitals Kings County Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical features and variable clinical course. SLE tends to affect women during childbearing years and is characterized by multi-organ involvement. Cardiac complications in SLE, which have been described to occur in about 50% of the cases, contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in this population. Read More

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January 2018

[Cardiomegalia gigante].

Gac Med Mex 2018 ;154(6):727-728

Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Hospital General Universitario de Albacete; Centro de Salud de Villanueva de la Jara. Castilla-La Mancha, España.

Eighty-year old woman with a medical history of arterial hypertension, rheumatic valvular heart disease with mitral and aortic valve replacement, chronic atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure dependent on domiciliary chronic oxygen for 17 daily hours. The reason for arrival to the hospital was a stroke of cardioembolic etiology. Read More

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January 2018

Functional Status is Associated With 30-Day Potentially Preventable Readmissions Following Home Health Care.

Med Care 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Rehabilitation Sciences.

Background: Beginning in 2019, home health agencies' rates of potentially preventable hospital readmissions over the 30 days following discharge will be publicly reported.

Objectives: Our primary objective was to determine the association between patients' functional status at discharge from home health care and 30-day potentially preventable readmissions. A secondary objective was to identify the most common conditions resulting in potentially preventable readmissions. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Comparison of 30-Day Serious Adverse Clinical Events for Elderly Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Near-Syncope Versus Syncope.

Ann Emerg Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR.

Study Objective: Controversy remains in regard to the risk of adverse events for patients presenting with syncope compared with near-syncope. The purpose of our study is to describe the difference in outcomes between these groups in a large multicenter cohort of older emergency department (ED) patients.

Methods: From April 28, 2013, to September 21, 2016, we conducted a prospective, observational study across 11 EDs in adults (≥60 years) with syncope or near-syncope. Read More

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December 2018

The Influence of the Charlson Comorbidity Index on Procedural Characteristics, VARC-2 Endpoints and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Who Undergo Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

Heart Lung Circ 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

The Heart Centre, Royal Stoke Hospital, University Hospital of North Midlands Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK; Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, Keele University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common valvular abnormality and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is being increasingly used to treat patients considered too high risk for conventional surgery. We aimed to assess the prevalence of comorbid conditions in patients undergoing TAVI using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and to assess their impact on clinical and procedural outcomes.

Methods: We analysed 158 patients who underwent a TAVI at our institution between June 2009 and September 2015 to define their co-morbid burden as measured with CCI, and study its impact on procedural characteristics and mortality at 30 days. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of pharmacist satisfaction with simulation-based learning in Singapore.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2018 Oct 8;10(10):1414-1418. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, 3501 Terrace St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: High fidelity human patient simulation (HPS) has been incorporated in various United States doctor of pharmacy programs with favorable learning experiences, knowledge retention, and problem-solving skills reported. In Singapore, HPS is a novel learning technique as it has not been utilized in the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) curriculum or for continuing professional education (CPE). It is necessary to evaluate acceptance of HPS compared to asynchronous online learning (AOL). Read More

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October 2018

Specific features and survival of French bulldogs with congenital pulmonic stenosis: a prospective cohort study of 66 cases.

J Vet Cardiol 2018 Dec 18;20(6):405-414. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire D'Alfort, 7 Avenue Du Général de Gaulle, 94704, Maisons-Alfort cedex, France.

Introduction: The objectives of this study were to characterize the epidemiological, clinical, and echocardiographic features of French bulldogs (FBs) with congenital pulmonic stenosis and document their survival times and risk factors for cardiac death (CD).

Animals: This study included 66 FBs with congenital pulmonic stenosis.

Methods: Prospective cohort study including a survival analysis to assess time to CD. Read More

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December 2018

Statin use is associated with less postoperative cardiac arrhythmia after total hip arthroplasty.

Hip Int 2018 Dec 10:1120700018816091. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, Redwood City, CA, USA.

Introduction:: While statins have been found to reduce postoperative atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery, little is known about their use in total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study investigated if statins would similarly reduce postoperative arrhythmias in patients undergoing THA.

Methods:: We queried a large Medicare and private-payer database from 2005 to 2012 and identified 12,075 patients who were on a statin prior to THA. Read More

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December 2018

Intensive versus standard multifactorial cardiovascular risk factor control in screen-detected type 2 diabetes: 5 year and longer-term modelled outcomes of the ADDITION-Leicester study.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 6:e3111. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Leicester Diabetes Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Aims: Diabetes treatment algorithms recommend intensive intervention in those with a shorter duration of disease. Screening provides opportunities for earlier multifactorial cardiovascular risk factor control. Using data from the ADDITION-Leicester study (NCT00318032), we estimated the effects of this approach on modelled risk of diabetes related complications in screen-detected patients. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Polygenic risk score identifies associations between sleep duration and diseases determined from an electronic medical record biobank.

Sleep 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA.

Study Objectives: We aimed to detect cross-sectional phenotype and polygenic risk score (PRS) associations between sleep duration and prevalent diseases using the Partners Biobank, a hospital-based cohort study linking electronic medical record (EMR) with genetic information.

Methods: Disease prevalence was determined from EMR, and sleep duration was self-reported. A PRS for sleep duration was derived using 78 previously associated SNPs from GWAS for self-reported sleep duration. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Diastolic wall strain as a predictor of age-related cardiovascular events in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction.

Heart Vessels 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata, 573-1010, Osaka, Japan.

Diastolic wall strain (DWS) was reported as a simple and feasible echocardiographic index in assessing left ventricular (LV) diastolic stiffness. We sought to evaluate whether DWS predicts age-related cardiovascular events. Patients referred for transthoracic echocardiogram, those with preserved LV ejection fraction and no clinical heart failure were studied. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Tolerance to Sodium in Patients With CKD-Induced Metabolic Acidosis: Does the Accompanying Anion Matter?

Am J Kidney Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY. Electronic address:

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) continue to produce endogenous acids but have a reduction in net acid excretion, resulting in a primary decrease in serum bicarbonate concentration, which is termed chronic metabolic acidosis. Recent prospective studies, along with retrospective cohort analyses, demonstrate a higher risk for CKD progression with untreated metabolic acidosis. To normalize serum bicarbonate levels, acidemic patients are often treated with sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) or sodium citrate, which have been shown to slow the progression of CKD. Read More

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December 2018

Mitral valve velocity time integral and passive leg raise as a measure of volume responsiveness.

Crit Ultrasound J 2018 Dec 2;10(1):32. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ben Taub Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 1400 Taub Loop, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Fluid responsiveness is an important topic for clinicians. Aggressive hydration has been shown to lead to worse outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of mitral valve (MV) velocity time integral (VTI) as a non-invasive marker of volume responsiveness. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A real-world study of cardiac events in > 3700 patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer treated with trastuzumab: final analysis of the OHERA study.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

The Christie, Manchester, UK.

Purpose: Cardiac dysfunction risk associated with intravenous trastuzumab (H IV) treatment may differ in real-world practice versus randomized trials. We investigated cardiac events in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer (EBC) treated with H IV as adjuvant therapy in routine practice.

Methods: The observational study of cardiac events in patients with HER2-positive EBC treated with Herceptin (OHERA; NCT01152606) enrolled patients with stage I-IIIb disease eligible for H IV in the adjuvant setting per the European Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Effect of Lower Body Positive Pressure on Left Ventricular Ejection Duration in Patients With Heart Failure.

Dose Response 2018 Oct-Dec;16(4):1559325818811543. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmill activity might benefit patients with heart failure (HF). To determine the short-term effects of LBPP on left ventricular (LV) function in HF patients, LV ejection duration (ED), a measure of systolic function was prospectively assessed in 30 men with stable HF with LV ejection fraction ≤ 40% and 50 healthy men (N). Baseline measurements (100% body weight), including blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and LVED, obtained via radial artery applanation tonometry, were recorded after 2 minutes of standing on weight support treadmill and after LBPP achieving reductions of 25%, 50%, and 75% of body weight in random sequence. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Protein-Losing Enteropathy and Plastic Bronchitis After the Fontan Operation.

Authors:
Christine Peyton

Crit Care Nurse 2018 Dec;38(6):e5-e12

Christine Peyton is a clinical nurse specialist at the Heart Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Protein-losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis remain challenging to treat despite recent treatment advances. Protein-losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis have been diagnosed in patients with cardiomyopathy, constrictive pericarditis, and congestive heart failure. This article focuses on patients with protein-losing enteropathy or plastic bronchitis following the Fontan procedure. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Patients Prescribed Direct-acting Oral Anticoagulants Have Low Risk of Post-Polypectomy Complications.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of Gastroenterology, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background & Aims: Use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is increasing, but little is known about the associated risks in patients undergoing colonoscopy with polypectomy. We aimed to determine the risk of post-polypectomy complications in patients prescribed DOACs.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis using the Clinformatics Data Mart Database (a de-identified administrative database from a large national insurance provider) to identify adults who underwent colonoscopy with polypectomy or endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Changes in frailty status in a community-dwelling cohort of older adults: The VERISAÚDE study.

Maturitas 2019 Jan 15;119:54-60. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Universidade da Coruña, Gerontology Research Group, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), SERGAS, 15071 A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address:

Objectives: Greater understanding of changes in the degree of frailty is important for clarifying the natural history of frailty and may help clinical decision-making regarding preventive interventions. The objectives of this study were to explore natural frailty transition rates at 1-year follow-up and to identify the main determinants of such transitions.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study covering a representative sample of community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years (n = 749) at baseline, and transition information at 1-year follow-up (n = 537). Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Canrenone on cardiovascular mortality in congestive heart failure: Canrenone effects on cardiovascular mortality in patients with congestive heart failure: The coffee-IT study.

Pharmacol Res 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Medical and Surgery Sciences Department, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Aim: To evaluate canrenone effects compared to other therapies on cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and preserved systolic function after 10 years of evaluation.

Methods: We enrolled 502 patients with CHF and preserved systolic function. Patients were followed with a mean follow-up of 10 years: 166 patients were in therapy with canrenone, while 336 patients were in conventional therapy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Can the Laparoscopic Approach for Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction be Used in Octogenarians? An Observational Study Using ACS NSQIP.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 7;233:345-350. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Surgery, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York.

Background: With the population of octogenarians projected to increase fourfold by 2050, we sought to compare outcomes of laparoscopic versus open approach in octogenarians requiring surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO).

Methods/materials And Methods: Using 2006-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project, we identified patients aged ≥80 y who underwent emergency surgery within 1 d of admission for SBO. Risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, body mass index, preoperative sepsis, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Predictors of 30 Day Readmission Following Percutaneous Cholecystostomy.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 26;233:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address:

Background: High-risk patients undergoing cholecystectomy may experience increased morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) has been utilized as a treatment option for acute cholecystitis in this cohort. Little is known about risk factors for readmission following PC. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Home-based rehabilitation interventions aimed at congestive heart failure: Are we there yet?

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2018 Nov 30:2047487318816783. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

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November 2018
1 Read

Renal and extrarenal effects of fibroblast growth factor 23.

Authors:
Marc Vervloet

Nat Rev Nephrol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Amsterdam Cardiovascular Sciences and Department of Nephrology, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a hormone with a central role in the regulation of phosphate homeostasis. This regulation is accomplished by the coordinated modulation of renal phosphate handling, vitamin D metabolism and parathyroid hormone secretion. Patients with kidney disease have increased circulating levels of FGF23 and in other patient populations and in healthy individuals, FGF23 levels also rise following an increase in dietary phosphate intake. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Unlike Native Hip Fractures, Delay to Periprosthetic Hip Fracture Stabilization Does Not Significantly Affect Most Short-Term Perioperative Outcomes.

J Arthroplasty 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Background: The incidence of periprosthetic hip fractures is increasing due to higher numbers of total hip arthroplasties being performed. Unlike native hip fractures, the effect of time to surgery of periprosthetic hip fractures is not well established. This study evaluates the effect of time to surgery on perioperative complications for patients with periprosthetic hip fractures. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

High thoracic sympathetic block improves coronary microcirculation disturbance in rats with chronic heart failure.

Microvasc Res 2018 Dec 1;122:94-100. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Cardiac Ultrasound, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Introduction: Coronary microcirculation disturbance plays an important role in chronic heart failure (CHF). High thoracic sympathetic block (HTSB) is effective to treat CHF, but its impact on coronary microcirculation is unclear.

Methods: Forty male Wistar rats were subcutaneously injected with isoproterenol (340 mg/kg) for 2 days. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Obesity in COPD: Comorbidities with Practical Consequences?

COPD 2018 Dec 4:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Department of Pulmonary Disease , Rijnstate hospital , Arnhem , Netherlands.

COPD and obesity often coexist and there is a complex interaction between them. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of obesity in a secondary care COPD population. Furthermore, the presence of comorbidities in obese (COPD) and non-obese COPD (COPD) individuals was studied. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

A pilot study investigating circulating trimethylamine N-oxide and its precursors in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease with or without congestive heart failure.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts.

Background: Pathophysiologic mechanisms for the development and progression of degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) remain elusive. Increased concentrations of circulating trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and its precursors choline and l-carnitine are associated with the presence and severity of heart disease in people.

Objectives: To determine if differences exist in plasma concentrations of TMAO, choline, or l-carnitine among dogs with DMVD and congestive heart failure (CHF), dogs with asymptomatic DMVD, and healthy control dogs. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Pregnancy with Takayasu's Arteritis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2018 Sep 26;10(9):e3370. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Wellness and Research Center/ Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha , QAT.

Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare and chronic inflammatory disease of the large vessels. It affects women of reproductive age and leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular complications, such as hypertension and congestive heart failure. We are presenting a case of a pregnant woman with TA, who was seen and managed at a tertiary care institute and ultimately enjoyed a favorable outcome. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Stem cells transplantation positively modulates the heart-kidney cross talk in cardiorenal syndrome type II.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Jan 16;275:136-144. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Dept. Cardiac Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padua, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: We investigated the effects of human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFS) and rat adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction GFP-positive cells (rSVC-GFP) in a model of cardio-renal syndrome type II (CRSII).

Methods And Results: RHF was induced by monocrotaline (MCT) in 28 Sprague-Dawley rats. Three weeks later, four million hAFS or rSVC-GFP cells were injected via tail vein. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Clinical features of canine pulmonary veno-occlusive disease and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Background: Histologic features of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) have been described in dogs but without a thorough clinical description.

Objectives: To report the clinical features, diagnostics, treatment, and outcome of dogs with histologic evidence of PVOD and PCH.

Animals: Fifteen pet dogs meeting histopathologic criteria of PVOD (occlusive remodeling of small-sized to medium-sized pulmonary veins) or PCH (alveolar capillary proliferation and congestion), or both. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Hot spotting surgical patients undergoing hepatopancreatic procedures.

HPB (Oxford) 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The burden of health care spending in the United States is a major concern, as health care costs have exponentially increased during the last three decades. The objective of the current study was to investigate the degree of cost-concentration among Medicare patients undergoing liver and pancreatic surgery.

Methods: Medicare claims data from 2013 to 2015 were used to identify patients undergoing elective liver and pancreatic resections. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Influence of Baseline Physical Activity Level on Exercise Training Response and Clinical Outcomes in Heart Failure: The HF-ACTION Trial.

JACC Heart Fail 2018 Dec;6(12):1011-1019

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the influence of baseline physical activity (PA) on responses to aerobic exercise training and clinical events in outpatients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF) from the multicenter HF-ACTION (Exercise Training Program to Improve Clinical Outcomes in Individuals With Congestive Heart Failure) trial.

Background: The influence of baseline PA on exercise capacity, responses to exercise training and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic HF is unclear.

Methods: Of 2,130 participants who provided consent for this analysis, 1,494 patients (64%) had complete baseline PA data, using a modified version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form questionnaire and were included in the analysis; 742 received usual care and 752 were allocated to the exercise training group. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cardiac late events in German breast cancer patients: a validation study on the agreement between patient self-reports and information from physicians.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2018 Nov 29;18(1):218. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Medical Center Mainz, Obere Zahlbacher Str. 69, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Self-administered health-status questionnaires are important tools in epidemiology. The objective of the presented validation study is to measure the agreement between breast cancer patients' self-reports and their physicians' information on late cardiac events, and to investigate determinants of agreement. To estimate possible misclassification is an important requirement for observational studies on cardiovascular endpoints. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and risk factors of sleep apnoea in adult patients with CHD.

Cardiol Young 2018 Nov 29:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Tokyo Women's Medical University,Tokyo,Japan.

Background: Although sleep apnoea is an important disorder associated with cardiac events, data regarding its prevalence and risk factors in adult patients with CHD are limited.

Methods: In this study, patients underwent a sleep study in the hospital. Indications for admission were classified as heart failure, diagnostic catheterisation, interventional catheterisation, or arrhythmia. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads