143,073 results match your criteria Conflict and Health [Journal]
Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.
Objective: We sought to examine pathogen distribution and clinical presentation of late-onset sepsis (LOS) at an urban tertiary care center.
Study Design: We performed a retrospective review of all culture-confirmed cases of LOS presenting to our institution from 2013 to 2017. Medical records were evaluated for demographic information, sepsis risk factors, encounter location, and clinical outcome. Read More
J Forensic Nurs 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Office of the Vice-President Research, University of Saskatchewan.
Introduction: There is overwhelming evidence to support the delivery of high-quality health service at a lower cost with the use of advanced technologies. Implementing remote presence technology to expand clinical care has been fraught with barriers that limit interprofessional collaboration and optimal client outcomes. In Canada, government ministries responsible for correctional services, policing, and health are well positioned to link federal, provincial, and regional services to enhance service delivery at the point of care for individuals detained within the justice system. Read More
J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Psychology.
This longitudinal study over a 23-year time span examined predictive associations between self-control development in adolescence and love and work outcomes in adulthood. Participants were 1,527 adults aged 35 years (48.3% female). Read More
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
Objectives: Latina mothers in emerging immigrant communities experience heightened risk for depressive symptoms because of the convergence of multiple risk factors rooted in economic, cultural, and familial experiences. Previous research with Latina/o adolescents has found that discrimination, and not acculturative stress, predicts depressive symptoms; however, no research to our knowledge has examined the relative impact of both discrimination and acculturative stress in Latina mothers.
Method: The present study expands this literature by examining how both universal (i. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):248-256
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy; University of Pavia, Italy.
Objectives: Systemic sclerosis is a multisystem autoimmune disease that causes chronic widespread obliterative vasculopathy of the small arteries associated with various degrees of tissue fibrosis. The prognosis of the disease depends largely on the visceral involvement; however musculoskeletal involvement is an important factor to functional disability. Suffering from a chronic auto-immune disease, such as Systemic Sclerosis, compromises the quality of life and the work ability. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):224-247
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche and Consiglio Direttivo AIRM.
Objectives: For several decades, the Italian Association of Medical Radioprotection (AIRM) is engaged in the promotion of scientific, technical, and methodological knowledge in the field of medical radioprotection.
Methods: Starting from the results of the previous study conducted in 2013, AIRM has carried out a new survey among its members. This survey was carried out through a self-administered questionnaire to be completed online on a platform set up on the association's website. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):217-223
U.O.C. Sistemi per la Salute e Sicurezza dei Lavoratori, AUSL Romagna - Rimini.
Objectives: The Occupational Physician in accordance with the Prevention and Protection of AUSL Romagna (Rimini) has enabled for some years, a Clinic for the psychological job environmental discomfort addressed to employment, with expressions of the psychophysical disorders, caused by work related stress. Health is defined by the current legislation as a state of psychophysical and social wellbeing.
Methods: The main purpose of Clinic for the psychological distress in working environment is to provide listening space and psychological support for employees. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):208-216
Dipartimento di Pedagogia, Psicologia, Filosofia, Università di Cagliari, Italia.
Objectives: Voluntary turnover in the nursing profession is one of the main concerns in hospitals and it requests comprehensive research. This study contributes to explain the reasons related to turnover intention of nurses and provides causes for reflection to improve the working practice.
Methods: 161 nurses and 13 nursing coordinators, working in the wards of two Italian hospitals, participated in the study. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):203-207
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Medicina Sperimentale e Forense, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro, Università degli Studi di Pavia and Unità Operativa di Medicina del Lavoro, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia.
Objectives: Musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD) are a large group of locomotor system pathologies with multifactorial etiology. Healthcare professionals are often exposed to biomechanical overload of the spine and upper limb, for example during patient handling, and represent a working population at risk.
Methods: In order to acquire further knowledge on this subject, we conducted a cross-sectional study (year 2016) among healthcare workers (excluding physicians) of the Sondrio Hospital (Italy), investigating the correlations between manual handling, MDS and job fitness. Read More
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):195-202
Cattedra di Igiene, Dipartimento di Medicina e Scienze per la Salute "Vincenzo Tiberio", Università degli Studi del Molise.
Objectives: Despite the potential presence in many workplaces, biological risk is little known and largely underestimated, except in healthcare environments. Objectives: To evaluate perception, knowledge and behaviors adopted for protection and prevention of biological risk, related also to the occupational activity, among construction and agricultural workers.
Methods: Workers were recruited at farms and construction companies of Molise Region, Central Italy, which were visited within the surveillance activities planned by local institutions. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):598-604
Departamento de Investigación sobre Tabaco, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Cuernavaca, Morelos. México.
The new tobacco products that include electronic cigarettes (called "E Cig", "e-hookahs", "mods", "vape-pens"), electronic nicotine delivery systems (SEAN, Spanish acronym), similar systems without nicotine (SSSN, Spanish acronym) and alternative nicotine consumption systems (SACN, Spanish acronym), are positioned in the global market with a discourse of harm reduction and risk minimization. This manuscript summarizes the scientific evidence and presents a regulatory proposal for this technological innovation, oriented to guide the decision making of legislators, government institutions and organized civil society. The scientific evidence concludes that there is no safe tobacco product for health. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):592-597
Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Cuernavaca, México.
There is solid evidence documenting relationships between the food and beverage industry and academia that shows that industry sponsored research is likely to bias results in favor of industry. In Latin America, examples of these situations have been documented in Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador, among others. Due to the urgent need for studying and managing relationships between the food and beverage industry and the field of health and nutrition research, in 2017, the President of the Latin American Society of Nutrition (SLAN) appointed a Conflict of Interest Committee (CCI). Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):586-591
Dirección General, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. México.
In 2014 the Mexican government implemented taxes to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and nonessential energy-dense foods. In this manuscript, we analyze the scientific evidence linking the consumption of these products to chronic diseases, and summarize the studies that have evaluated the observed and expected impact of food taxes in Mexico. The implementation of taxes to unhealthy foods has reduced purchases of sugar-sweetened beverages in 7. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):579-585
Postgraduate Program in Collective Health, Odontology Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, Brazil.
Objective: To systematically review the prevalence and incidence of mobility limitations in the elderly people and their associated factors.
Materials And Methods: Articles in the electronic literature were searched via PubMed, Scopus,,Lilacs, SciELO, PAHO, MedCarib, Repidisca, Wholis, IBCES, PEDro, Medline and Bireme (2012-2016). The instrument STROBE was used to analyze the quality of the work and the PRISMA recommendation was used to structure the review. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):566-578
Programa de Estudios Sociales en Salud, Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo. Santiago, Chile.
Objective: To explore the social determinants of health (SDH) of international migrant children, from the perceptions of caregivers, health workers and local authorities in eight municipalities in Chile.
Materials And Methods: A secondary analysis of data was conducted from a qualitative study that took place between 2014 and 2017. The original study involved semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):559-565
School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University. Kingston, Canada.
Objective: To identify challenges derived from renal insufficiency, as well as potential solutions and an agenda for action.
Materials And Methods: y adopting a collaborative research approach, diverse stakeholders -sick people, family members, advocacy groups, health professionals, and academics- participated in two gatherings in the context of the World Kidney Day in Guadalajara, Mexico and created an agenda for action. Data was gathered through group discussions. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):549-558
Department of Biomedical Research, Medical Center, Hackensack University. Hackensack, NJ, US.
Objective: To evaluate an e-Health tool designed to enhance smoking cessation in Mexico in primary healthcare.
Materials And Methods: Smokers 18 years of age and older were recruited in the waiting room of two primary healthcare clinics in Mexico City. Participants used an eHealth smoking cessation tool that included smoking-related assessments, education on pharmacotherapy, and motivational videos. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):539-548
Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva, Universitat de València. España.
Objective: To validate a short Spanish version of the instrument Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments (BPAQ-MI), applicable to different types of disability.
Materials And Methods: The questionnaire was administered to 791 university students with disabilities. The factorial structure was validated by confirmatory factor analysis and Spearman correlations were carried out to assess criterion validity. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):528-538
Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. México.
Objective: To adapt and validate an instrument to measure the context factors which favor quality improvement initiatives and accreditation of hospitals.
Materials And Methods: The model and questionnaire Model for Understanding Success in Quality (MUSIQ) is adapted and validated for application in Spanish-speaking countries and its specific use in hospital accreditation projects. The theoretical construct of its dimensions is assessed by confirmatory factor analysis (Bartlett test and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkim index) and internal consistency (Cronbach's a), in a study carried out in a sample of 54 hospitals of medium and high complexity in Colombia. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):520-527
Departamento de Epidemiología Ocular y Salud Visual, Instituto de Oftalmología Conde de Valenciana. Mexico City, Mexico.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of dry eye symptoms (DES) and associated risk factors among adults in Tlaxcala, Mexico.
Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study that included 1 508 individuals aged ≥50 years who answered the Dry Eye Questionnaire (DEQ5), with a score ranging between 0 and 22; the following categories were defined: no DES (<6); mild-moderate DES (6 to 11) and severe DES (≥12).
Results: The prevalence of DES was 41. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):510-519
Hospital Universitario Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá. Colombia.
Objective: To compare the psychometric characteristics of the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) and the grade of similitude or difference among Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico during three years.
Materials And Methods: Psychometric comparison using the Rasch model to calculate the relative severity of each item in FIES, INFIT and contrast in the Differential Functioning of Items (c-DIF).
Results: The majority of items showed a relative severity corresponding to the theoretical construct and acceptably fit the model (INFIT=0. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):500-509
Unidad de Investigación de Enfermedades Metabólicas, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Ciudad de México, México.
Objective: To develop and validate an easy-to-use risk score to detect prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes in Mexican population.
Materials And Methods: Using information from the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán's cohort study of 10 234 adults, risk factors were identified and included in multiple logistic regression models stratified by sex. The beta coefficients of the final model were multiplied by 10, thus obtaining the weights of each variable in the score. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):233-239
Federal State Research Institute of Influenza, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russian Federation.
The etiological structure of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections including their rate of incidence in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region during 4 epidemic seasons has been studied. Seasonality of some respiratory viruses was shown and peaks of circulation of RSV, adenovirus, parainfluenza viruses, rhinovirus, bocavirus, metapneumovirus and coronavirus were marked. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):224-232
D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, «National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya», Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation.
The molecular and biological characteristics of the vaccine against rabies virus strain ERA-CB 20M obtained by the Russian rabiologist, doctor of medical sciences S.V. Gribencha by adapting and cloning the strain ERA and SAD in a transplantable BHK-21 C13 cell culture are presented. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):218-223
National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya, Moscow, 123098, Russian Federation.
Increased protease activity and a significant amount of granzyme B were observed in in organs of mice infected with acute herpes simplex virus HSV-1 with the introduction of Stimforte (100 or 250 µg/mouse). Thus, this drug activates killer cells, which play an extremely important role in the suppression of HSV-1 infection. Although the administration of Stimforte (100 μg/mouse) to intact mice results in the activation of IFN-β production and does not activate the production of IFN-λ, Stimforte administration to animals infected with HSV-1 reduces production of IFN-β in serum, brain and lungs, whereas the production of IFN-λ considerably increases as the result of administration of 100 μg/mouse of Stimforte. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):212-217
Academician Ye. A. Wagner State Medical University, Perm, 614000, Russian Federation.
Objectives: The goal of this work was to study the immunological and virological efficacy of the domestic antiretroviral drug nicavir (at the optimal dose, as proven by previous clinical studies) with lamivudine, in comparison with other drugs of the group of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in combination with kaletra in perinatal HIV chemoprophylaxis regimens.
Methods: 658 pregnant women aged 16-39 years and children born to them were examined. The first group (281 people) and the third group (66 people) received the nicavir (manufactured by AZT PHARMA KB LLC) with lamivudine in combination with calyx; the second (281 people) and the fourth (30 people) of the comparison group, stag and zidovudine, respectively, with lamivudine in combination with calyx. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):202-211
National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya, Moscow, 123098, Russian Federation.
Modern chemotherapy of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections has a very limited arsenal of first-line drugs. These are preparations of ganciclovir (GCV) belonging to the class of modified nucleosides and its metabolic precursor ganciclovir valine ester. After three-step phosphorylation, GCV, as a structural analogue of the natural nucleotide, competes with it for binding to DNA polymerase and, due to its structural features, inhibits its activity. Read More
Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):197-201
48 Central Scientific Research Institute, Sergiev Posad, 141306, Russian Federation.
Тhе kingdom Archaea, as well as Bacteria, belongs to the overkingdom Prokaryota. Halophilic archaea (Halorubrum lacusprofundi) isolated from Antarctic saline lakes contain plasmids (pR1SE) that code proteins taking part in the formation of membranes of archaea vesicles. The molecular and biological properties of pR1SE and the peculiarity of its interaction with sensitive cells are considered in this article. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):60-64
The Federal budget institution of science "The state scientifc center of applied microbiology and biotechnology" of the Rospotrebnadzor, 142279, Obolensk, Moscow oblast, Russia.
The article presents the results of studying molecular genetic mechanisms of development of resistance to antiseptic Triclosan in strain Staphylococcus aureus АТСС25923. The modifcations of strain S. aureus АТСС25923 (Tr1, Tr2, Tr1С и Tr2С) are obtained resistant to 64 mg/l of Triclosan and stably preserving the given characteristic under cultivation in absence of selective pressure. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):55-59
DNA-Technology LLC, 115478, Moscow, Russia.
The purpose of study is to develop techniques of laboratory diagnostic of leprosy on the basis of polymerase chain reaction. The techniques were worked through such as extraction of DNA from various clinical material (bioptates and scarifcate of skin, scrapes from mucous surface of nose and trophic ulcers, blood serum). The systems of oligonucleotides were constructed to 16S pRNA and probe for identifcation of Mycobacterium leprae in real-time format for amplifer DT-96 ("The DNA-Technology", Russia). Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):51-54
The state budget institution of health care "The clinical center of prevention and struggle with AIDS" of the Minzdrav of the Krasnodar kraii, 350015, Krasnodar, Russia.
The purpose of study is the clinical laboratory characteristic of acquired acute cytomegalovirus infection in nonimmunocompromised adult patients. The sampling included 75 patients with acquired acute cytomegalovirus infection admitted to the specialized clinical infection hospital of the Minzdrav of the Krasnodar kraii. The verifcation of diagnosis was implemented using serological tests and polymerase chain reaction. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):44-50
The Federal state budget educational institution of higher education "The St. Petersburg state pediatric medical university" of Minzdrav of Russia, 194100, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The purpose of study is to establish features of autoimmune reaction of children with Crohn's disease. The sampling included 62 patients aged from 2 to 17 years with diagnosis of Crohn's disease. The evaluation was carried out concerning concentration in blood serum of immunoglobulins IgA, IgM, IgG, IgЕ, antibodies to Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) classes IgA, IgG и IgЕ, antibodies to Candida albicans classes IgA, IgM, IgG и IgЕ, anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) to myeloperoxidase (MPO), to proteinase 3 (PR3), anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), antibodies to DNAds, DNAss (to double-helical and single-stranded DNA), antibodies to antigens of small and large intestines, pancreas, circulating immune complexes. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):41-44
The state budget institution of health care "The oblast children clinical hospital №1", 620149, Yekaterinburg, Russia.
The toxoplasmosis is a disease representing a potential risk for fetus. This is the reason to detect antibodies to agent of the given infection in case of any suspicion to intrauterine infection. The analysis was applied to 65 samples of blood serum of newborns, children of the frst year of life and pregnant women. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):35-40
The closed corporation "ECOlab", Elektrogorsk, Moscow oblast, Russia.
The new original national set of reagents "Line-Blot human herpesvirus-profle" was developed to detect antibodies (IgG - set 1 and IgM - set 2) to main agents of herpesvirus infections (HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, EBV, CMV) in the format of linear immunoblotting. The preliminary clinical trials were implemented using 319 samples of blood serum: HIV-infected patients (n=128), pregnant women (n=86) and persons undergoing treatment or diagnostic examination (n=105). In the case of every infection agent analyzes were implemented using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and linear immunoblotting with new set and its analogues of German manufacturer. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):31-34
The Federal state budget educational institution of higher education "The South-Western state university", 305040, Kursk, Russia.
The chronic periodontitis in children is frequently complicated by development of periapical abscess under inadequate conservative therapy. However, prognostic models of estimation of probability of its development are lacking. The purpose of study is to develop regression models of prognostication of periapical abscess under chronic periodontitis in children according indices of peripheral blood and systemic cellular immunity. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):28-31
The Federal budget institution of science "The Ufa research institute of occupational medicine and human ecology" of Minzdrav of Russia, 450106, Ufa, Russia.
The article presents decade dynamics of hemogram of workers started their labor activity in factories of terephthalic acid, purifed terephthalic acid and polyethylene terephthalate. The study established a hemodynamics depended on career pattern, characterizing hematologic shifts i.e. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):21-27
The Federal state budget educational institution of higher education "The Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University" of Minzdrav of Russia, 197022, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The secondary hemophagocytic syndrome is a life-threatening condition characterized by non-specifc manifestations: systemic inﬂammatory reaction, cytopenia, liver affection, high content of ferritin in blood serum. One of manifestations of secondary hemophagocytic syndrome is decreasing of level of glycated ferritin in blood serum expressed in percentage of total level. The detection of glycated ferritin can be applied for a differentiated diagnosis with cli9nically similar conditions, including septic process. Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):16-21
The Federal state budget scientifc institution "the Russian cardiologic R&D production complex" of Minzdrav of Russia, 121552, Moscow, Russia.
The comparative assessment was carried out concerning anti-oxidation activity of blood serum of patients with liver pathology using two chemiluminescent techniques with different models of free radical oxidation: «Hb-Н2О2-luminol» и «ABAP-luminol». The reliable but low correlation of results was established (r=0,798) related mainly to difference in mechanisms of initiation of free radicals and effect of blood serum on initiation process. This effect is stronger manifested in model «Hb-Н2О2-luminol». Read More
Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):4-15
The Federal state budget scientifc institution "The research institute of general pathology and pathophysiology" of the Russian academy of sciences, 125315, Moscow, Russia.
According to phylogenetic theory of general pathology, when living in ocean all were carnivorous (piscivorous) fatty acids transferring to cells in form of non-polar triglycerides nitially began apoB-48 chylomicrons, continued lipoproteins of very low and low density and fnalized its apoB-100 endocytosis. The fatty acids are transferred by chylomicrons + lipoproteins of very low density + lipoproteins of low density and non-polar triglycerides are hydrolyzed by hepatic glycerolhydrogenase and co-enzyme apoC-III; according WHO classifcation, hyperlipoproteinemia corresponds to type V. On land, in herbivorous who are not yet synthesized insulin, apoB-48 and chylomicrons left process of non-polar triglycerides transferring. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):523-524
Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):521-522
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):519-520
Department of Ophthalmology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):517-518
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):506-516
Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
Purpose: We measured the thicknesses of the ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), the macula, and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients with idiopathic macula holes to analyze the repeatability of these measurements and compare them with those of the fellow eye.
Methods: We evaluated 85 patients who visited our retinal clinic. The patients were divided into two groups according to their macular hole size: group A had a size of <400 μm, while group B had a size of ≥400 μm. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):497-505
Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: To evaluate and compare published methods of calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power following myopic laser refractive surgery.
Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of 69 patients (69 eyes) who had undergone myopic laser refractive surgery previously and subsequently underwent cataract surgery at Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea from January 2010 to June 2016. None of the patients had pre-refractive surgery biometric data available. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):488-496
Department of Ophthalmology and Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing visual field recovery after transsphenoidal approach-tumor resection (TSA-TR) in pituitary adenoma patients with visual field defects (VFDs).
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 102 eyes of 102 patients with VFDs induced by pituitary adenomas who underwent TSA-TR between January 2010 and December 2015. All patients had been observed for more than one year. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):483-487
Department of Ophthalmology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
Purpose: To compare the characteristics and surgical outcomes in patients with tenacious proximal fusion (TPF) and high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio (AC/A) types of intermittent exotropia.
Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 40 patients with intermittent exotropia, 23 with TPF and 17 with high AC/A. Binocular function was evaluated by Worth's 4-dot test. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):478-482
Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the quantitative effect of inferior oblique (IO) 10- and 14-mm recession on postoperative horizontal deviation.
Methods: Patients (22 men and 18 women) who underwent IO recession were divided into two groups for comparison studies: group 1 (10-mm IO recession, 15 patients) and group 2 (14-mm IO recession, 25 patients). Preoperative and postoperative horizontal deviations were measured, and the resulting horizontal deviations from the 10- and 14-mm IO recession surgeries were compared. Read More
Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):470-477
Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between the progression of visual field (VF) loss and changes in lamina cribrosa depth (LCD) as determined by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) enhanced depth imaging in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).
Methods: Data from 60 POAG patients (mean follow-up, 3.5 ± 0. Read More