148,569 results match your criteria Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference[Journal]


Cyst Fluid Biosignature to Predict Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas with High Malignant Potential.

J Am Coll Surg 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

DNA services; University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Background: Current standard-of-care technologies such as imaging and cyst fluid analysis are unable to consistently distinguish intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN) at high-risk of pancreatic cancer from low-risk IPMN. The objective was to create a single-platform assay to identify IPMN that are at high-risk for malignant progression.

Study Design: Building on the Verona International Consensus Conference BD-IPMN biomarker study, specific protein, cytokine, mucin, DNA, and miRNA cyst fluid targets were identified for creation of a q-PCR based assay as we have previously published. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.02.040DOI Listing
February 2019

RESEARCH IN NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS AND NUTRACEUTICALS FOR HEALTH, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PERFORMANCE: MOVING FORWARD.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Canadian Sport Institute Pacific , Victoria, British Columbia, Canada ;

This Horizons is part of a series which identifies key, forward-thinking research questions and challenges that need to be addressed. Specifically, this Horizons paper discusses research in nutritional supplements and nutraceuticals for health, physical activity and performance, and is the product of a discussion by an expert panel that took place in January 2018 prior to the Canadian Nutrition Society Thematic Conference "Advances in Sport Nutrition from Daily Living to High Performance Sport". The objective of this Horizons was to identify core considerations for future studies for this research area, and how scientists can be leaders in the field to ensure the best quality science is available for decision makers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2018-0781DOI Listing
February 2019

XXIV Actualités du Pharo – La santé urbaine : un défi pour les villes du Sud : 3-5 octobre 2018, Marseille.

Authors:
P Saliou

Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2018 ;111(4):253-258

GISPE, 82, bld Tellene, 13007 Marseille, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/bspe-2018-0048DOI Listing
January 2018

National Survey of Hospitalists' Experiences with Incidental Pulmonary Nodules.

J Hosp Med 2019 Feb 20;14:E1-E4. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Incidental pulmonary nodules (IPNs) are common and often require follow-up. The Fleischner Society guidelines were created to support IPN management. We developed a 14-item survey to examine hospitalists' exposure to and management of IPNs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3115DOI Listing
February 2019

Inconsistencies in institutional review board decisions: A proposal to regulate the decision-making process.

Bratisl Lek Listy 2019 ;120(2):95-101

Medical sciences and medical technologies are developing in an enormous pace. The number of multi-site and multi- cultural clinical trials is increasing in line with this development. Yet, the increase in number brought about a problem, namely that of inconsistencies in institutional review board (IRB) decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4149/BLL_2019_015DOI Listing
January 2019

[Scientific Day of the Société de pathologie exotique. Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases: a Francophone Vision?]

Authors:
Y Buisson

Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2018;111(3):183-188

Société de pathologie exotique, hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, pavillon Laveran, 47/83 bld de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/bspe-2018-0031DOI Listing
January 2018

Formalization of a Specialty-Specific Military Unique Curriculum: A Joint United States Army and United States Air Force Infectious Disease Fellowship Program.

Mil Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, JBSA, Fort Sam Houston, TX.

Introduction: There are many unique aspects to the practice of military Infectious Diseases (ID). San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Consortium Infectious Disease (ID) Fellowship is a combined Army and Air Force active duty program. Program leadership thought ID military unique curriculum (MUC) was well integrated into the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz006DOI Listing
February 2019

Circulating and Disseminated Tumour Cells in Breast Carcinoma: Report from the Consensus Conference on Tumour Cell Dissemination during the 38th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Senology, Berlin, 14 June 2018.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2019 Feb 14;79(2):177-183. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Klinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Haematogenic dissemination of tumour cells in breast carcinoma is among the most intensively researched areas in translational oncology. Large meta-analyses have shown the prognostic relevance of the disseminated tumour cells in the bone marrow and circulating tumour cells in the peripheral blood in the adjuvant as well as metastatic setting. The current status of the research was discussed in detail during the annual meeting of the German Society of Senology in Berlin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0753-7331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379163PMC
February 2019

Harmonization of Pharmacovigilance Regulation in Brazil: Opportunities to Improve Risk Communication.

Clin Ther 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Drugs and Medicines, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, São Paulo State University, Araraquara, Brazil. Electronic address:

Brazilian pharmacovigilance regulations involve 3 spheres: health services, Marketing Authorization Holders (MAHs), and sanitary agency. Drug tolerability began to be effectively assessed in Brazil after the founding of the National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance, which developed the Sentinel Network Project. The objective of the Sentinel Network Project is to increase the adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting rate by health care professionals in the hospital setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors relating to the publication rate of abstracts presented from 2012 to 2015 at the Society for Vascular Surgery Annual Meeting.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The Society for Vascular Surgery's Annual Meeting acts as a means of disseminating research findings among vascular surgeons through the presentation of research abstracts. Following presentation at the meeting, research is often compiled into a full-text manuscript and submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. However, not all abstracts accepted to the Vascular Annual Meeting (VAM) eventually have a corresponding full-text publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.034DOI Listing
February 2019

Building a learning community of Australian clinical genomics: a social network study of the Australian Genomic Health Alliance.

BMC Med 2019 Feb 22;17(1):44. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Adopting clinical genomics represents a major systems-level intervention requiring diverse expertise and collective learning. The Australian Genomic Health Alliance (Australian Genomics) is strategically linking members and partner organisations to lead the integration of genomic medicine into healthcare across Australia. This study aimed to map and analyse interconnections between members-a key feature of complexity-to capture the collaborations among the genomic community, document learning, assess Australian Genomics' influence and identify key players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1274-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Social Interventions Targeting Social Relations Among Older People at Nursing Homes: A Qualitative Synthesized Systematic Review.

Inquiry 2019 Jan-Dec;56:46958018823929

1 Section for Health Services Research, Department of Public Health & Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Social relations are part of the complex set of factors affecting health and well-being in old age. This systematic review seeks to uncover whether social interventions have an effect on social and health-related measures among nursing home residents. The authors screened PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO for relevant peer-reviewed literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0046958018823929DOI Listing
February 2019

Development of Contextually-relevant Sexuality Education: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of Adolescent Sexuality Education Across Cultures.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 20;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China.

As reported by the World Health Organization in 2017, there are 2 million+ young people living with HIV worldwide. The World Health Organization also reported that a third of all new HIV infections around the world are estimated to occur among youths (aged 15⁻25). and teen pregnancy rates are on the rise in many places. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040621DOI Listing
February 2019

A Novel Passive Indoor Localization Method by Fusion CSI Amplitude and Phase Information.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 20;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

College of Computer Science and Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China.

With the rapid development of wireless network technology, wireless passive indoor localization has become an increasingly important technique that is widely used in indoor location-based services. Channel state information (CSI) can provide more detailed and specific subcarrier information, which has gained the attention of researchers and has become an emphasis in indoor localization technology. However, existing research has generally adopted amplitude information for eigenvalue calculations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040875DOI Listing
February 2019

Making the most of scientific medical conferences: a practical guide for students junior trainees.

Colorectal Dis 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Colorectal Unit, Hospital Universitario y Politecnico La Fe, University of Valencia, Spain.

Attendance at scientific conferences is important for surgeons to expand their knowledge. For surgeons-in-training, specifically, most meetings offer dedicated trainee sessions. In addition, innovation is leading to new ways of learning in medicine, as we have already seen with social media platforms like YouTube and Twitter (1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/codi.14590DOI Listing
February 2019

Parenteral versus oral iron therapy for adults and children with chronic kidney disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 21;2:CD007857. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2006.

Background: The anaemia seen in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be exacerbated by iron deficiency. Iron can be provided through different routes, with advantages and drawbacks of each route. It remains unclear whether the potential harms and additional costs of intravenous (IV) compared with oral iron are justified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007857.pub3DOI Listing
February 2019

Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in infants born preterm.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 21;2:CD012240. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Academic Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background: Weaning refers to the period of introduction of solid food to complement breast milk or formula milk. Preterm infants are known to acquire extrauterine growth restriction by the time of discharge from neonatal units. Hence, the postdischarge and weaning period are crucial for optimal growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012240.pub2DOI Listing
February 2019

The Adaptive Hermite Fractal Tree (AHFT): a novel surgical 3D path planning approach with curvature and heading constraints.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Mechatronics in Medicine Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London, UK.

Purpose: In the context of minimally invasive neurosurgery, steerable needles such as the one developed within the Horizon2020-funded EDEN2020 project (Frasson et al. in Proc Inst Mech Eng Part H J Eng Med 224(6):775-88, 2010. https://doi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11548-019-01923-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Grassroots to Global: The Future of Nursing Leadership.

J Nurs Adm 2019 Mar;49(3):118-120

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Nelson-Brantley), University of Kansas School of Nursing; Chief Nursing Officer (Mr Bailey), UCLA Health Santa Monica, California; Executive Nurse Advisor, Adjunct Professor (Dr Batcheller), Center for the Advancement of Healthcare Professionals, AMN Healthcare & Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Nursing, Lubbock; Vice President of Professional Nursing Practice at Emory Healthcare and Adjunct Assistant Professor at Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing (Dr Bernard), Atlanta, Georgia; Associate Professor of Nursing (Dr Caramanica), University of West Georgia, Carrollton; Assistant Professor of Nursing-Clinical (Dr Snow), Cizik School of Nursing at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

The 2018 International Nursing Administration Research Conference, Grassroots to Global, was held in Atlanta, Georgia, with attendees from 38 US states, Canada, and China. Presenters discussed the need for nurse leaders to be prepared to partner with those inside and outside of healthcare to create innovative, interprofessional care delivery models; advocate for advancements in technology to address healthcare access shortages; and lead new areas of research that can drive policy change to support nurse leaders in long-term care and the essential role of the nurse manager in creating optimal practice environments for quality outcomes. This article will report on these important insights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000723DOI Listing

Digital Trespass: Ethical and Terms-of-Use Violations by Researchers Accessing Data From an Online Patient Community.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 21;21(2):e11985. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

PatientsLikeMe, Inc, Cambridge, MA, United States.

With the expansion and popularity of research on websites such as Facebook and Twitter, there has been increasing concern about investigator conduct and social media ethics. The availability of large data sets has attracted researchers who are not traditionally associated with health data and its associated ethical considerations, such as computer and data scientists. Reliance on oversight by ethics review boards is inadequate and, due to the public availability of social media data, there is often confusion between public and private spaces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11985DOI Listing
February 2019

Education, dissemination, and the science of eating disorders: Reflections on the 2019 International Conference on Eating Disorders: Editorial to accompany IJED Virtual Issue in honor of the 2019 International Conference on Eating Disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Objective: This virtual issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders highlights recently published research that aligns with the broad themes of the 2019 International Conference on Eating Disorders (ICED), held in New York, NY, USA.

Methods And Results: We selected articles that were published between 2017 and 2019 that complement the content of the keynote and plenary sessions. We also curated additional articles from early career scholars, given that an important component of the annual ICED is to foster the development and training of the next generation of eating-disorder clinicians and researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23050DOI Listing
February 2019

[National immunization program initiatives-What are their contribution to the elimination of measles and rubella in Germany?]

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Geschäftsstelle Nationaler Impfplan (NIP) am Bayerischen Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit (LGL), Erlangen, Deutschland.

In Germany, vaccinations, like the entire health sector, are organized at the federal level. A common strategy is necessary for the implementation of national immunization goals, e. g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-019-02899-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Back Pain: An Ominous Harbinger of Aortitis.

Cureus 2018 Dec 11;10(12):e3711. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

Isolated aortitis is a rare entity and was recently included in the 2012 Revised International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference Nomenclature of Vasculitides under the single organ vasculitis group. Isolated aortitis represents a challenging situation due to the lack of reliable diagnostic methodology. Here, we describe the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with severe upper back pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373889PMC
December 2018

Ganglion cell complex loss in patients with type 1 diabetes: A 36-month retrospective study.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):31-36

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA.

Background: To analyze changes over a 3-year period in ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA).

Methods: Thirty-seven individuals from "Friends for Life Conference" with T1DM and a 3-year history of GCC thickness measurements were included in the study. Data analysis using SPSS 22 and Excel StatPlus was completed to note the subgroups that had a significant change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ojo.OJO_224_2017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380152PMC
February 2019

Cyclotron resonance in the high mobility GaAs/AlGaAs 2D electron system over the microwave, mm-wave, and terahertz- bands.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 20;9(1):2409. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Georgia State University, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Atlanta, 30303, USA.

The reflected microwave power from the photo-excited high mobility GaAs/AlGaAs 2D device has been measured over the wide frequency band spanning from 30 to 330 GHz simultaneously along with diagonal magnetoresistance as a function of the magnetic field. Easily distinguishable resonances in the reflected power signal are observed at the same magnetic fields as a reduced amplitude in the Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations of the diagonal magnetoresistance. The reflection resonances with concurrent amplitude reduction in SdH oscillations are correlated with cyclotron resonance induced by microwave, mm-wave, and terahertz photoexcitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39186-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Protocol for a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis of the clinical benefit of inhaled maintenance therapies in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 20;9(2):e025048. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Respiratory Epidemiology, Occupational Medicine and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations progress the course of disease and impair lung function. Inhaled maintenance therapy reduces exacerbations. It is not yet established which inhaled therapy combination is best to reduce exacerbations, lung function decline and symptom burden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025048DOI Listing
February 2019

A scholarship to foster future leaders in evidence based medicine.

BMJ 2019 Feb 20;364:l775. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford, OX2 6GG, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l775DOI Listing
February 2019

Hospice UK National Conference 2018.

Int J Palliat Nurs 2019 Feb;25(2):81-90

Patient Services Director, Heart of Kent Hospice.

Foreword Hospice UK's annual conference is the national hospice and palliative care charity's flagship event, bringing together everyone involved in leading hospice, palliative and end-of-life care for adults, children and young people. In 2018, the conference spanned two days and was held at the International Centre in Telford, Shropshire. Its theme was Transforming Palliative Care and it provided a unique forum for delegates to discuss current and forthcoming issues facing the hospice and palliative care community, and to discover new ways of thinking from outside of the sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2019.25.2.81DOI Listing
February 2019

Need for Innovation in Public Health Research.

Am J Public Health 2019 Feb;109(S2):S117-S120

Ralph DiClemente is with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, New York University College of Global Public Health, New York, NY. Azure Nowara, Rachel Shelton, and Gina Wingood are with the Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and the Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Azure Nowara, Rachel Shelton, and Gina Wingood are also Guest Editors for this supplement issue.

The recent conference Turning the Tide: A New Generation of Public Health Interventions highlighted the need to utilize innovative and emergent methodologies to confront increasingly complex public health challenges. In this commentary, we discuss three dominant themes from the conference: addressing multiple levels of causality in reducing health problems; technology-based methodologies to enhance health promotion; and improving translation and sustainment of effective health promotion programs. The subsequent articles, included in this supplement issue of AJPH, provide compelling examples and arguments supporting these progressive approaches to public health promotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304876DOI Listing
February 2019

Rethinking the Modern Cardiology Morbidity and Mortality Conference: Harmonizing Quality Improvement and Education.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2019 Feb;73(7):868-872

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwest Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Interventions for primary vesicoureteric reflux.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 20;2:CD001532. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Analytics Assist, NSW Ministry of Health, 73 Miller St, North Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2060.

Background: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) results in urine passing retrograde up the ureter. Urinary tract infections (UTI) associated with VUR have been considered a cause of permanent renal parenchymal damage in children with VUR. Management has been directed at preventing UTI by antibiotic prophylaxis and/or surgical correction of VUR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001532.pub5DOI Listing
February 2019

Nurturing the Seeds of Change: Strengthening the Lifestyle Medicine Movement With the .

Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):476-478. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas (PAJ).

Student-led Lifestyle Medicine Interest Groups (LMIGs) empower the next generation of healthcare professionals to tackle the pandemic of lifestyle-related chronic diseases and provide important pathways to increasing the visibility of Lifestyle Medicine (LM) in health professions schools. Each year, the Donald A. Pegg Student Leadership Award offers four allied health students a seed grant to start or support LMIGs at their schools as well as financial assistance to attend the annual American College of Lifestyle Medicine (ACLM) conference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618789354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367882PMC

Lipid-related genetic polymorphisms significantly modulate the association between lipids and disability progression in multiple sclerosis.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Objective: To investigate whether lipid-related or body mass index (BMI)-related common genetic polymorphisms modulate the associations between serum lipid levels, BMI and disability progression in multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods: The association between disability progression (annualised Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) change over 5 years, ΔEDSS) and lipid-related or BMI-related genetic polymorphisms was evaluated in a longitudinal cohort (n=184), diagnosed with MS. We constructed a cumulative genetic risk score (CGRS) of associated polymorphisms (p<0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319870DOI Listing
February 2019

Chronic heart failure patients' experiences of German healthcare services: a protocol for a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025685. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Institute of General Practice, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Introduction: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a heterogeneous condition requiring complex treatment from diverse healthcare services. An increasingly holistic understanding of healthcare has resulted in contextual factors such as perceived quality of care, as well as patients' acceptance, preferences and subjective expectations of health services, all gaining in importance. How patients with CHF experience the use of healthcare services has not been studied within the scope of a systematic review in a German healthcare context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025685DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between child maltreatment and central sensitivity syndromes: a systematic review protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025436. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Nursing, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Introduction: A growing body of evidence is identifying the link between a history of child maltreatment and a variety of adverse health outcomes ultimately leading to significant social and healthcare burden. Initial work has identified a potential association between child maltreatment and the development of a selection of somatic and visceral central sensitivity syndromes: fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, temporomandibular joint disorder, chronic lower back pain, chronic neck pain, chronic pelvic pain, interstitial cystitis, vulvodynia, chronic prostatitis, tension-type headache, migraine, myofascial pain syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome and restless legs syndrome.

Methods And Analysis: Primary electronic searches will be performed in the Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, PyscINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases and a number of Grey Literature sources including child protection and paediatric conference proceedings. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02543
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025436DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Protocol for a scoping review on the conceptualisation of learning in undergraduate clinical nursing practice.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024360. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Research in Education, VUmc School of Medical Sciences, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Learning in the clinical setting is a major form of learning in undergraduate nursing education. In spite of this, how nursing students learn in clinical practice is still largely unknown. Moreover, there is no conceptual clarity on learning in practice in the current literature. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02436
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024360DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Pathways of antibiotic use in Bangladesh: qualitative protocol for the PAUSE study.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e028215. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Global actions to reduce antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include optimising the use of antimicrobial medicines in human and animal health. In countries with weak healthcare regulation, this requires a greater understanding of the drivers of antibiotic use from the perspective of providers and consumers. In Bangladesh, there is limited research on household decision-making and healthcare seeking in relation to antibiotic use and consumption for humans and livestock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028215DOI Listing
January 2019

Towards sustainable healthcare system performance in the 21st century in high-income countries: a protocol for a systematic review of the grey literature.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 17;9(1):e025892. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation, University of Technology, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: There is wide recognition that, if healthcare systems continue along current trajectories, they will become harder to sustain. Ageing populations, accelerating rates of chronic disease, increasing costs, inefficiencies, wasteful spending and low-value care pose significant challenges to healthcare system durability. Sustainable healthcare systems are important to patients, society, policy-makers, public and private funders, the healthcare workforce and researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025892DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340467PMC
January 2019

Systematic scoping review protocol for clinical prediction rules (CPRs) in the management of patients with spinal cord injuries.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 1;9(1):e025076. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Physiotherapy, The University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction: The upsurge in the use of clinical prediction models in general medical practice is a result of evidence-based practice. However, the total number of clinical prediction rules (CPRs) currently being used or undergoing impact analysis in the management of patients who have sustained spinal cord injuries (SCIs) is unknown. This scoping review protocol will describe the current CPRs being used and highlight their possible strengths and weaknesses in SCI management. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02507
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025076DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Electronic patient reported outcomes to support care of patients with traumatic brain injury: PRiORiTy study qualitative protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e024617. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Centre for Patient Reported Outcomes Research, Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a major health and socioeconomic problem internationally. The expansive nature of injuries results in a heterogeneous population. The degree and type of long-term impacts following TBI and improvement following injury are highly variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024617DOI Listing
January 2019

External cold and vibration for pain management of children undergoing needle-related procedures in the emergency department: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e023214. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: Needle-related procedures are considered as the most important source of pain and distress in children in hospital settings. Considering the physiological and psychological consequences that could result from these procedures, management of pain and distress through pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods is essential. Therefore, it is important to have interventions that are rapid, easy-to-use and likely to be translated into clinical practice for routine use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340451PMC
January 2019

Health Outcomes, Pathogenesis and Epidemiology of Severe Acute Malnutrition (HOPE-SAM): rationale and methods of a longitudinal observational study.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 1;9(1):e023077. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Introduction: Mortality among children hospitalised for complicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) remains high despite the implementation of WHO guidelines, particularly in settings of high HIV prevalence. Children continue to be at high risk of morbidity, mortality and relapse after discharge from hospital although long-term outcomes are not well documented. Better understanding the pathogenesis of SAM and the factors associated with poor outcomes may inform new therapeutic interventions. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02307
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023077DOI Listing
February 2019
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Combining modifiable risk factors and risk of dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e022846. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To systematically review the literature relating to the impact of multiple co-occurring modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline and dementia.

Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature relating to the impact of co-occurring key risk factors for incident cognitive decline and dementia. All abstracts and full text were screened independently by two reviewers and each article assessed for bias using a standard checklist. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02284
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022846DOI Listing
January 2019
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Multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of appropriate target values for lipid management in patients who have mild-to-moderate stenotic lesions with high-risk plaques in coronary arteries: study protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e022843. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Division of Translational Research, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan.

Introduction: To detect patients at high risk of developing myocardial infarction, plaque characteristics as well as the degree of stenosis in coronary arteries should be evaluated. However, unstable plaque or severe calcification detected via coronary artery CT (CACT) is not reflected in risk stratification according to current guidelines. It is hypothesised that patients with high-risk findings on CACT (even those without proven history of coronary artery diseases; CAD) should be strictly managed to lower their low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels to targets of secondary prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022843DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347913PMC
January 2019