85,462 results match your criteria Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics [Journal]


Comparative Performances of Dipyridamole and Regadenoson to Detect Myocardial Ischemia using Cardiac Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride Single-Photon Emission Computerized Tomography.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:51. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU de Caen, Caen, France.

Objective: We evaluated the relative performances of dipyridamole (Dip) and regadenoson (Reg) in a cohort of patients referred for coronary artery disease diagnosis or follow-up using myocardial perfusion imaging.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively included 515 consecutive patients referred for Tc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) on a cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) camera after pharmacologic stress. About three quarters ( = 391, 76%) received Dip. Read More

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November 2018

Applicability of the Test of Variables of Attention - T.O.V.A in Brazilian adults.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):394-401

Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The functioning of attention is complex, a primordial function in several cognitive processes and of great interest to neuropsychology. The Test of Variables of Attention (T.O. Read More

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December 2018

Computerized algorithms compared with a nephrologist's diagnosis of acute kidney injury in the emergency department.

Eur J Intern Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Nephrology, Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this study was to examine acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis based on different computerized algorithms compared with a nephrologist's diagnosis in patients visiting an emergency department (ED) of a university hospital.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we used electronic medical records at the University Hospital in Reykjavik to identify all patients aged ≥18 years, who presented to the ED in the year 2010 with an elevated serum creatinine (SCr) level. All SCr values were reviewed and a nephrologist determined whether AKI was present using the KDIGO SCr criteria and clinical data. Read More

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December 2018

Are orthorexia nervosa symptoms associated with cognitive Inflexibility?

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 4;271:464-468. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, Texas State University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX, USA. Electronic address:

This study investigated whether symptoms of orthorexia nervosa, a conjectured disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors regarding healthy eating, are associated with cognitive inflexibility. Participants (25 in the orthorexia symptoms group, 25 in the control group) completed the Eating Habits Questionnaire and computerized versions of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and the Trail Making Test. Of the 11 variable measurements from these cognitive tests, only one significantly differed between the groups, with the orthorexia symptoms group making more errors than the control group on the first part of the Trail Making Test that does not actually require any set shifting. Read More

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December 2018

An IRT-Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) Approach as a Method of Examining Item Response Latency.

Front Psychol 2018 13;9:2177. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Psychology Department, College of Education, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The analysis of response time has received increasing attention during the last decades, since evidence from several studies supported the argument that there is a direct relationship between item response time and test performance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether item response latency affects person's ability parameters, in that it represents an adaptive or maladaptive practice. To examine the above research question data from 8,475 individuals completing the computerized version of the Postgraduate General Aptitude Test (PAGAT) were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

The Effect of National Pneumococcal Vaccination Program on Incidence of Postmeningitis Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Current Treatment Modalities.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the national pneumococcal vaccination program on postmeningitis sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).

Materials And Methods: Overall, 2751 patients (2615 cochlear implantation and 136 auditory brainstem implantation) who underwent cochlear implantation (CI) and auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) at a tertiary referral hospital otolaryngology clinic were retrospectively analyzed. One hundred sixteen patients with a history of meningitis were included in the study. Read More

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December 2018

The relation between scapula fracture and the severity of trauma in blunt thoracic trauma

Turk J Med Sci 2018 12 12;48(6):1228-1233. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale, Turkey

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the level of presence of scapula fractures (SFs) in cases of blunt thoracic trauma and to identify other injuries accompanying SF.

Materials And Methods: Blunt thoracic trauma cases with SF determined on direct radiography or computerized tomography (CT) were categorized as Group 1. Group 2 was constituted by selecting cases with high injury severity score (ISS) with no SF. Read More

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December 2018

Management of Computerized Cognitive Training Programs in Children with ADHD: The Effective Role of Decision Support Systems.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1611-1612

Dept. of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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October 2018

Effects of Rock Climbing Exercise on Physical Fitness among College Students: A Review Article and Meta-analysis.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1440-1452

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, The University of Texas, Tyler, Texas, USA.

Background: The aim of this study was to systematically determine the effects of rock climbing on College Students' physical fitness by means of Meta-analysis.

Methods: Studies investigated the possible fitness benefits of rock climbing were identified through a computerized search of six electronic databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science Periodical Database, PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus and PsycINFO. Effects of rock climbing exercise intervention trials ≥4 wk, published in English and Chinese between Jan 1996 and May 2016, including between subject and within subject designs, were reviewed. Read More

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October 2018

Trastuzumab induces PUMA-dependent apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth in gastric cancer.

FEBS Open Bio 2018 Dec 19;8(12):1911-1919. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology Shanghai East Hospital Tongji University School of Medicine Shanghai China.

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide. Trastuzumab has been approved for the treatment of metastatic GC, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and breast cancer. However, the mechanisms involved in trastuzumab-induced GC cell apoptosis remain largely unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Telerehabilitation Combined Speech-Language and Cognitive Training Effectively Promoted Recovery in Aphasia Patients.

Front Psychol 2018 22;9:2312. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Linguistics Sciences and Arts, and Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Competence, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, China.

The present study investigated the efficacy of a computerized intervention for aphasia that combined speech-language and cognitive training delivered on an inpatient unit or via telerehabilitation to discharged patients. Forty inpatient and discharged aphasia patients were recruited and randomly assigned to the training group or control group. Computerized speech-language and cognitive training was provided for 14 days to the inpatients and 30 days to the discharged patients. Read More

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November 2018

Moral Emotions and Social Economic Games in Paranoia.

Front Psychiatry 2018 21;9:615. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Impaired social cognitive processes are putative psychological mechanisms implicated in the formation and maintenance of paranoid beliefs. Paranoia denotes unfounded fears about the hostile intentions of others and is prevalent in a significant proportion of the general population. We investigated social cognition in healthy participants selectively recruited to have a broad occurrence of paranoid thinking ( = 89). Read More

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November 2018

Where We Walk Is What We See: Foundational Concepts and Analytical Techniques of Space Syntax.

Authors:
Saif Haq

HERD 2018 Dec 7:1937586718812436. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 College of Architecture, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA.

The most difficult issue in writing a methods paper on Space Syntax is that it is not simply a method. It is a theory on which a methodology has been built. In the 40 years since introduction, both its theory and its methods have advanced, including the creation and development of computerized software. Read More

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December 2018

[I Am Seeing a Human!: The Perception of an External Visual Stimulus Where None Exists].

Brain Nerve 2018 Dec;70(12):1359-1367

Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health.

A visual hallucination (VH) is "the perception of an external visual stimulus where none exists". It frequently occurs in Lewy body disease (LBD): Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Although the exact pathogenesis of VH in patients with LBD is not clearly understood, many neuroimaging studies (structure MRI: brain volume, functional MRI, positron emission tomography, and single photon emission computerized tomography) have reported reduced gray matter volume, altered activation, and reduced metabolism in the dorsal and ventral visual pathways. Read More

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December 2018

[Case of pneumonia associated sepsis accompaning pulmonary myiasis].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2018 Oct;52(4):439-443

Kocaeli State Hospital, Clinic of Chest Diseases, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Myiasis; is defined as the infestation of dead or living tissues of humans and animals by the diptera larvae. It is prevalent all over the world, especially in tropical and subtropical countries with low socioeconomic status. Myiasis of humans has been associated with low socioeconomic status, alcoholism, mental or neurological diseases, poor personal hygiene, patients with varicose veins, diabetes, malnutrition, advanced stage cancer, pediculosis, immunosuppression, sexually transmitted disease, gingivitis and other oral cavity lesions. Read More

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October 2018

[Application of intraoperative CT in oral and maxillofacial surgery].

Authors:
X Q Wang D Y Ma

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;53(12):862-864

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command, Lanzhou 730050, China.

With the introduction of the concept of precision surgery and the development of modern compound operating rooms, intraoperative computerized tomography (ICT) came into being. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of ICT, its use in oral and maxillofacial surgery has also been increasing in recent years. This article describes the application of ICT in oral and maxillofacial trauma, orthognathic surgery, and craniofacial tumor treatment, and analyzes its advantages and limitations. Read More

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December 2018

EFFECTS OF RENAL DYSFUNCTION ON HEALING OF COLONIC ANASTOMOSIS: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN WISTAR RATS.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1398. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Program of Post-Graduation in Surgical Clinic of the Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Background: Chronic kidney disease affects more than 500 million people worldwide. In this context, the uremic toxins present are related to worsening in tissue healing.

Aim: Evaluate on healing of colonic anastomosis in uremic rats, serum and anatomopathological indicators, which may be related to the change tissue repair process. Read More

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December 2018

Pulmonary Function Tests in Hypertensive Patients Attending Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Int J Hypertens 2018 12;2018:5492680. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of physiology, Addis Ababa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Hypertension imposes stresses on many organs like heart and kidney. However, studies that show the effect of hypertension on the lungs are limited.

Objective: To assess pulmonary function status of hypertensive patients aged 30-64 years at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, 2017. Read More

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November 2018

Resection of Liver Metastases: A Treatment Provides a Long-Term Survival Benefit for Patients with Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: .

J Oncol 2018 14;2018:6273947. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Pancreatic Surgery Department, Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China.

Purpose: Nonsurgical therapies, including biotherapy, chemotherapy, and liver-directed therapy, provided a limit survival benefit for PNET patients with hepatic metastases. With the development of liver resection technique, there was a controversy on whether to perform a liver resection for these patients.

Methods: A computerized search was made of the Medline/PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, and SinoMed (CBM) before March 2018. Read More

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November 2018

Aorta-right atrial tunnel leading to heart failure.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Oct 7;4(2):e87-e89. Epub 2011 Jul 7.

Cardiology Department of Akdeniz University Medical Faculty Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Congential aorta-right atrial tunnel (ARAT) is a rare anomaly. Many patients are asymptomatic and diagnosis can be made during investigation of systolic and diastolic continuous murmur heard on cardiac oscultation. In some patients, symptoms such as palpitation, dyspnea, and fatigue on exertion can be seen. Read More

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October 2011

False positive result of positron emission tomography in a patient with suspected defibrillator system infection.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 May 15;7(5):e129-e132. Epub 2013 Feb 15.

Department of Rhythmology, Louis Pradel Cardiovascular Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France.

The infection of an implanted pacemaker or defibrillator is often difficult to diagnose. Positron emission tomography-computerized tomography (PET-CT) has recently been shown to be of great interest in this difficult clinical setting. We report the case of a patient with suspected implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) infection. Read More

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May 2013
1 Read

Severe pulmonary hypertension secondary to giant chronic dissecting aortic aneurysm presenting as chronic right heart failure.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Feb 5;7(2):e57-e59. Epub 2012 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

We report on an 81-year-old woman who presented to hospital with effort dyspnea and leg edema. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed normal left ventricular function but marked dilated ascending aorta with an intimal flap in the proximal ascending aorta, severe tricuspid regurgitation, and severe pulmonary hypertension. Contrast enhanced multi-slice computerized tomography of the chest was performed for detailed evaluation of aortic dissection and this also showed the intimal flap of the ascending aortic dissection (DeBakey type II) and giant ascending aorta (10. Read More

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February 2013

The usefulness of chemotherapy for control of ventricular arrhythmias secondary to cardiac metastasis of germ cell tumor.

J Cardiol Cases 2010 Dec 8;2(3):e132-e134. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

A 14-year-old boy was referred to our hospital because of treatment of germ cell tumor in the anterior mediastinum. Computerized tomographic (CT) scan of the chest and abdomen revealed a large tumor in the anterior mediastinum and multiple metastatic tumors in the lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart. There was a mass in the interventricular septum. Read More

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December 2010

Efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for membranous nephropathy: a meta-analysis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018 Nov;22(22):8021-8029

Department of Nephrology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Objective: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, but the treatment of MN remains controversial. Rituximab, a possible alternative treatment option, represented a new therapeutic hope for the treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN). We performed a meta-analysis to perform the efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging as adjuncts to conventional MRI for the diagnosis and management of peripheral nerve sheath tumors: current perspectives and future directions.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, 75022, USA.

Peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs) account for ~ 5% of soft tissue neoplasms and are responsible for a wide spectrum of morbidities ranging from localized neuropathy to fulminant metastatic spread and death. MR imaging represents the gold standard for identification of these neoplasms, however, current anatomic MR imaging markers do not reliably detect or differentiate benign and malignant lesions, and therefore, biopsy or excision is required for definitive diagnosis. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) serves as a useful tool in the evaluation and management of PNSTs by providing functional information regarding the degree of diffusion, while diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) aids in determining the directional information of predominant diffusion and has been shown to be particularly useful for pre-operative planning of these tumors by delineating healthy and pathologic fascicles. Read More

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December 2018

Electrocardiographic ST-T area assessed by a computerized quantitative method and its relation to cardiovascular events: the J-HOP study.

Am J Hypertens 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan.

Background: Although many studies have reported that the presence of minor or major ST-T change of ECG was associated with a risk of cardiovascular events, it is not clear whether there is a difference in the prognostic power depending on the summation of ST-T area (ST-Tarea) assessed by a quantitative method.

Methods: Electrocardiograms were performed in 834 clinical patients with one or more cardiovascular risks. ST-Tarea was assessed as the area enclosed by the baseline from the end of the QRS complex to the end of the ST-T segment using a computerized quantitative method. Read More

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December 2018

Complications in Brow Lifts: A Systemic Review of Surgical and Nonsurgical Brow Rejuvenations.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 15;6(10):e1943. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute, Dallas, Tex.

Background: Brow lift has been a part of plastic surgeons' armamentarium for over a century. Although there are multiple different techniques available, there has been a dearth of literature comparing which technique is better and has lesser complications. In this study, we performed a systemic literature review of all brow lift techniques to determine and compare complication rates of each technique. Read More

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October 2018

What Does the -Back Task Measure as We Get Older? Relations Between Working-Memory Measures and Other Cognitive Functions Across the Lifespan.

Front Psychol 2018 26;9:2208. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ergonomics, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Technical University of Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.

Working memory (WM) declines with increasing age. The WM capacity is often measured by means of the computerized version of the -back task. Although the -back task is widely used in aging research, little is known about its construct validity and specific cognitive functions involved in this task. Read More

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November 2018

Regional Cerebral Oximetry as an Indicator of Acute Brain Injury in Adults Undergoing Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation-A Prospective Pilot Study.

Front Neurol 2018 23;9:993. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used to monitor brain oxygenation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO patients that develop acute brain injuries (ABIs) are observed to have worse outcomes. We evaluated the association between rScO2 and ABI in venoarterial (VA) ECMO patients. Read More

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November 2018

Impact of postcolectomy adhesion-related complications on healthcare utilization.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2018 14;10:761-771. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Medical Devices-Epidemiology, Johnson and Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA,

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore adhesion-related complications (ARCs) within 1 year after colectomy.

Methods: Using Truven MarketScan® Commercial and Medicare databases, the first inpatient colectomies during 2009-2013 (index) were identified: left, right, partial, transverse, or total. One-year continuous enrollment was required pre and postindex. Read More

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November 2018

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOOD AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE IN MIDLIFE.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) has been suggested to protect against old-age cognitive deficits. However, the independent role of childhood/youth PA for adulthood cognitive performance is unknown. This study investigated the association between PA from childhood to adulthood and midlife cognitive performance. Read More

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December 2018

Short-term Optic Disc Cupping Reversal in a Patient with Mild Juvenile Open-angle Glaucoma Due to Early Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2311 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN, 37232.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report a case of optic disc cupping reversal in an adult without significant intraocular pressure lowering treatment.

Patient: A 20-year-old female with a history of mild juvenile open-angle glaucoma who developed subjective blurred vision and a decrease in cupping of her optic discs.

Results: Dilated examination demonstrated decreased cup-to-disc ratios in both eyes with slight blurring of the disc margin in the right eye. Read More

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December 2018

Demographic features of patients with colorectal carcinoma based on 14 years of experience at Jordan University Hospital.

Ann Saudi Med 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):427-432

Heyam Awad, Department of Histopathology,, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine,, University of Jordan,, Amman 1194, Jordan, T: +962-797801555, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000.0003-3050-136X.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. In the West, the incidence has stabilized or decreased. There are only occasional published studies that describe the epidemiology of CRC and its changing trends in Jordan and other Middle Eastern countries. Read More

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December 2018

[Ruptured ascending colonic varices in a patient with alcoholic liver cirrhosis treated using topical skin adhesive:a case study].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;115(12):1087-1093

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University.

A 59-year-old man had been admitted to our hospital because of general malaise and abdominal fullness caused by massive ascites. He was diagnosed with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Following the removal of ascites, he was referred to our department because of hematochezia. Read More

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January 2018

[A case of jejunal neuroendocrine carcinoma complicated with dermatomyositis].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;115(12):1063-1068

Department of Medical Oncology, Shizuoka General Hospital.

A 65-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with dermatomyositis presented to the hospital with a small bowel mass. She had tested positive for fecal occult blood test and anemia at a medical checkup;therefore, computerized tomography (CT) was performed at the previous hospital and it had revealed thickening of the intestinal wall. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT, single-balloon assisted enteroscopy, and biopsy led to a diagnosis of poorly differentiated jejunal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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January 2018

Anterior thoracic spinal cord herniation (ATSCH): surgical treatment and postoperative course. An individual patient data meta-analysis of 246 cases.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department ofHealth Sciences and Oral Health and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Anterior thoracic spinal cord herniation (ATSCH) is a rare cause of progressive myelopathy. Early surgery is essential, but there is no agreement about the best surgical approach.

Objective: To identify factors that determine surgical results, and to find evidence for the most favorable technique to correct ATSCH. Read More

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December 2018

A computerized decision support tool to implement asthma guidelines for children and adolescents.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.

Background: Multi-center randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for asthma management that incorporate usual care regimens could benefit from standardized application of evidence-based guidelines.

Objective: To evaluate performance of a computerized decision support tool, Asthma Control Evaluation and Treatment (ACET) Program, to standardize usual care regimens for asthma management in RCTs.

Methods: Children and adolescents with persistent, uncontrolled asthma, living in urban census tracts were recruited into 3 multi-center RCTs (each with a usual care arm) between 2004 and 2014. Read More

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December 2018

Improving the adoption of optimal venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A process evaluation of a complex quality improvement initiative.

J Crit Care 2018 Nov 29;50:111-117. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Calgary, Foothills Medical Centre, Ground Floor-McCaig Tower, 1403-29 St NW, Calgary, AB T2N 5A1, Canada; Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3D10, 3280 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4Z6, Canada; O'Brien Institute for Public Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3rd Floor TRW Building, 3280 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study evaluated a complex initiative to increase evidence-based use of low molecular weight heparin for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis among adult medical-surgical ICU patients.

Materials And Methods: This study included: quantitative survey and interviews. Participants were healthcare providers within four ICUs. Read More

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November 2018

Re-investigating the effects of chronic smoking on the pathology of alcohol-related human brain damage.

Alcohol 2018 Jul 11;76:11-14. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Discipline of Pathology, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address:

Both pathological and neuroimaging studies have shown that chronic alcohol abuse causes generalized white matter, but limited gray matter, volume loss. Recent neuroimaging studies suggest that tobacco smoking also causes brain atrophy in both alcoholics and neurologically normal individuals. However, a recent pathological study, employing a manual technique to determine regional volumes, found no significant effects of smoking on either global or selected regional gray matter volumes in smokers or smoking alcoholics. Read More

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No evidence that working memory training alters gray matter structure: A MRI surface -based analysis.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology & Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, University of Toronto Scarborough, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada.

Attempts to determine the cognitive benefits of adaptive working memory training in healthy adults has resulted in a polarized and stagnating field. Heterogeneous approaches and problematic methodological choices have contributed to the controversy. Structural neuroimaging has the potential to identify biological changes present after working memory training, which could go undetected by cognitive outcome tasks. Read More

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December 2018

Kinesio Taping Application in Dysphonic Singers.

J Voice 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Ent Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Introduction: Kinesio Taping (KT) application in speech therapy has been studied in a few works about dysphonia, facial nerve palsy, sialorrhea, atypical deglutition, postsurgical recovery after thyroidectomy and laryngectomy. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the possible role of KT in supporting speech therapy in singers complaining of dysphonia using singing voice handicap index (SVHI), fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer, jitter and harmonic to noise ratio (mean H/N).

Materials And Methods: We enrolled consecutive singers and singing students complaining of dysphonia and voice problems. Read More

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December 2018

Community perspective: How volunteers, professionals, families and the general population construct disability: Social, clinical and health implications.

Disabil Health J 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 14, Padova, Italy.

Background: This research deals with the way people create discourses around disability, which shape the community's concept of disability.

Objective: The purpose of this article is to find out how the community configures "disability", in particular by understanding the ideas, needs and strategies that the community uses towards people with disabilities. Specifically, different roles have been involved, such as professionals, volunteers, family members and citizens. Read More

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November 2018

Treatment of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma, a case report and literature review.

Neurocirugia (Astur) 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Neurocirugía, Hospital General Naval de Alta Especialidad de la Secretaría de Marina (HOSGENAES SEMAR), Delegación Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.

Objective: To present a case of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the fourth lumbar vertebra that received treatment by an L4 spondylectomy and placement of intervertebral expander and posterior fixation.

Case Report: A 47-year-old male patient with no relevant history presented with lumbar pain of 2 months' evolution. Treated conservatively, with slight improvement in pain, the patient persisted with low back pain irradiation to pelvic members, predominantly left-sided, accompanied by weakness and claudication. Read More

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December 2018
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Effect of Hyperbilirubinemia on Hepatic Hypertrophy after Portal Vein Embolization and Liver Failure after Heatectomy in Primary Biliary Malignancy.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Purpose: To retrospectively investigate the impact of hyperbilirubinemia on future liver remnant (FLR) volume after percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization (PVE) and incidence of post-hepatectomy liver failure in primary biliary malignancy.

Materials And Methods: Eighty-seven patients (62 men, overall mean age 66.9 y) who underwent PVE, using Gelfoam and coils before major hepatectomy between January 2004 and June 2016, were included in this study and divided into a hyperbilirubinemia (serum total bilirubin level at PVE 5. Read More

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December 2018

An in-vitro evaluation of a novel design of miniplate for fixation of fracture segments in the transition zone of parasymphysis-body region of mandible using finite element analysis.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Unit of CranioMaxilloFacial Surgery, St Anna Hospital and University, Viale Aldo Moro, 8, 44124 Ferrara, Cona, Italy. Electronic address:

The mandibular parasymphysis and body regions are highly dynamic areas. They are constantly subjected to both occlusal and muscular forces. Fractures at this transition zone of the parasymphysis and body region thus represent a special pattern that creates a dilemma for the surgeons - whether to use one miniplate fixation or two miniplates as per Champy's guidelines. Read More

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November 2018

An innovative implementation strategy to improve the use of Dutch guidelines on hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A randomized controlled trial.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2018 Oct 27;14:131-138. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VU University Medical Centre, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative strategy to improve implementation of evidence-based guidelines on the management of hypertension in pregnancy compared to a common strategy of professional audit and feedback.

Design: Cluster randomized controlled trial (c-RCT).

Setting: Sixteen Dutch hospitals. Read More

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October 2018

Impact of Acacia bark extract tablets on the skin of healthy humans: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2018 Dec 10:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

c Department of dermatology , Hiroo Dermatology Clinic & Mentors Inc. , Shibuya-ku , Tokyo , Japan.

This study investigated the effects of proanthocyanidins derived from Acacia (Acacia mearnsii) bark extract in healthy Japanese adult subjects experiencing uncomfortable skin symptoms. All subjects were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 33 each) using a computerized random-number generator. The subjects received either Acacia bark extract tablets or placebo for 8 weeks. Read More

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December 2018

Genus Psoralea A review of the traditional and modern uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Plant Transgenic Laboratory, P.O. Box 436, Rana Pratap Marg,Lucknow-226 001, U.P., India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Psoralea (Fabaceae) harbours 105 accepted species that are extensively used by local peoples and medicinal practitioners of China, India, and other countries for treatment of tooth decay, psoriasis, leucoderma, leprosy, kidney problems, tuberculosis, indigestion, constipation and impotence. Presently, pharmacological research reports are available on only few species namely Bituminaria bituminosa (Syn: P. bituminosa), P. Read More

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December 2018
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Computerized anatomy of the distal radius and its relevance to volar plating, research, and teaching.

Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

AO Research Institute Davos, Davos, Switzerland.

Distal radius fractures are common and fracture patterns and fixation can be complex. Computerized anatomy evaluation (CAE) might offer non-invasive and enhanced anatomy assessment that might help with implant selection and placement and screw length determination. Our goal was to test the accuracy of two CAE methods for anatomical volar plate positioning and screw lengths measurement of the distal radius. Read More

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December 2018

Chronic tubal pregnancy manifesting as a heterogeneous adnexal mass with prominent neovascularization in a woman with a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Japan.

A 41-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 1) underwent elective termination of pregnancy at approximately 7 weeks of gestation. At 1 month after the elective abortion, she was referred due to abnormal results in a cervical cytological examination. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed a heterogeneous mass of 16 mm in diameter in the left adnexal region. Read More

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December 2018