20 results match your criteria Comptes Rendus Biologies[Journal]

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Asymétrie de pouvoir dans les partenariats de recherche en santé mondiale : étude qualitative auprès de chercheurs en Côte d'Ivoire.

Glob Health Promot 2018 May 1:1757975918764311. Epub 2018 May 1.

École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Département de médecine sociale et préventive. 7101 Av du Parc. CP 6128, Succ Centre-ville, Montréal, Canada.

Résumé : Contexte : L'asymétrie de pouvoir dans les partenariats de recherche en santé mondiale constitue un enjeu de justice et d'équité pour les institutions de recherche, les chercheurs et les communautés, en particulier dans les pays en développement. Pour les chercheurs, l'asymétrie de pouvoir peut constituer un obstacle pour une recherche efficiente et équitable et ils sont à risque d'être en situation de vulnérabilité. Objectifs : Ces enjeux sont largement discutés dans la littérature mais ce phénomène reste encore étudié au plan théorique et peu de données empiriques sont disponibles, particulièrement dans les pays en développement. Read More

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May 2018
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[History of the Montpellier Society of Biology].

Authors:
Jean-Pierre Bali

Biol Aujourdhui 2017 6;211(1):103-115. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

The provincial branch of Montpellier was officially created in April, 1956, that is to say if the gestation was long since the birth of the Society of Biology of Paris in 1848. During this long period, famous personalities of Montpellier in the field of biology and physiology came to Paris to present their work, published in the "Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales". Following its creation as a 1901 law public association, the provincial branch organized communication sessions, followed by thematic meetings on various topics, always in the spirit of Claude Bernard on the transversality of knowledge. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

An annotated translation of Noël Bernard's 1899 article 'On the germination of Neottia nidus-avis'.

Mycorrhiza 2017 Aug 18;27(6):611-618. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Emeritus Professor at the University of Rouen, 2346 rue de la Haie, 76230, Bois-Guillaume, France.

We translate Noël Bernard's discovery of orchid symbiotic germination discovered on Neottia nidus-avis, as published in the May 1899 issue of the Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. In his note, Bernard (1874-1911) establishes the need for a fungus, which is also forming mycorrhizae in adults, for seeds germination. We provide illustrations reproduced from his later works, and summaries of the French text he cited. Read More

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August 2017
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[Identification of neurodegenerative diseases in administrative databases in France: A systematic review of the literature].

Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2017 Oct 22;65 Suppl 4:S183-S197. Epub 2017 Mar 22.

Inserm UMR 1027, épidémiologie et analyses en santé publique, 37, allées Jules-Guesde, 31000 Toulouse, France; Département d'épidémiologie, économie de la santé et santé publique, faculté de médecine, université de Toulouse III, 31000 Toulouse, France; Service d'épidémiologie, CHU de Toulouse, 31000 Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

Background: Given the health, social and economic burden of neurodegenerative diseases (ND), the development of epidemiologic studies is required. Administrative databases, such as the French national health insurance database (SNIIRAM) could represent an opportunity for researchers. ND could be presumed from drug reimbursement data, hospital stays or registration of a chronic condition. Read More

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October 2017
2 Reads

["The first stages of the human egg" by Auguste d'Eternod published one hundred years ago in the Comptes Rendus de l'Association des Anatomistes].

Authors:
M Catala

Morphologie 2014 Jun 3;98(321):65-85. Epub 2014 May 3.

Fédération de neurologie, groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651 Paris cedex 13, France; Laboratoire de biologie du développement, UMR 7622 CNRS, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, 9, quai Saint-Bernard, boîte courier 24, 75252 Paris cedex 05, France. Electronic address:

The development of the embryo and foetus fascinates, but its study in humans is difficult because of both technical and ethical problems. Auguste d'Eternod, Swiss embryologist, published in 1913 an article entitled "The early stages of the human egg" in the Comptes Rendus de l'Association des Anatomistes, the ancestor of the journal Morphologie. This work is focused not only on the early stages of development: fertilization, cleavage of the egg, blastocyst formation, gastrulation, but also on the extra-embryonic processes characteristic of mammals. Read More

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[Cour des comptes and laboratory medicine: which value have the virtues when the vices are ignored?].

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2014 Mar-Apr;72(2):249-51

Laboratoire de biochimie médicale, Hôpital européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.

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January 2015
5 Reads
0.420 Impact Factor

[French National Authority for Health].

Bull Acad Natl Med 2013 Oct;197(7):1409-18

The French National Authority for Health (Haute Autorité de Santé, HAS) was created in 2004. The aim of this study was to examine three of its principal responsibilities, namely certification of healthcare facilities, definition of chronic illnesses (ALD, affections de longue durée), and production of clinical practice guidelines. The authors did not assess other HAS responsibilities, such as the role of the drug evaluation and reimbursement committee (Commission de Transparence). Read More

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October 2013

The flagellum in malarial parasites.

Curr Opin Microbiol 2010 Aug 21;13(4):491-500. Epub 2010 Jun 21.

The Malaria Centre, The Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.

The malarial parasites assemble flagella exclusively during the formation of the male gamete in the midgut of the female mosquito vector. The observation of gamete formation ex vivo reported by Laveran (Laveran MA: De la nature parasitaire des accidents de l'impaludisme. Comptes Rendues De La Societe de Biologie. Read More

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[Claude Bernard and the Comptes Rendus de la Société de Biologie: the movie of the physiological revolution by him who made it (1849-1878)].

Authors:
Jean Hainaut

J Soc Biol 2009 16;203(3):211-8. Epub 2009 Oct 16.

15 Bâtiment C, allée d'honneur, 92330 Sceaux, France.

Claude Bernard presented most of his fundamental results to the Société de Biologie, including proof of the modulation of the nervous system by the internal micromilieu. However, he did not describe the principle of a stable internal milieu as a condition for free life. Physiology, which is a part of biology, was not founded on cellular biology. Read More

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April 2010
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Time discrimination deficits in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms.

Psychiatry Res 2009 May 31;167(1-2):12-20. Epub 2009 Mar 31.

Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry, Claremont, Perth, Australia.

Schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms (FRS) report a loss of clear boundaries between the self and others and that their thoughts and actions are controlled by external forces. One of the more widely accepted explanatory models of FRS suggests a dysfunction in the 'forward model' system, whose role consists in predicting the sensory consequences of actions [Frith, C., 2006. Read More

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[Charles Gerhardt's life and work].

Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 2008 May;56(357):39-62

Charles Gerhardt's life and work is rather well-known thanks to Grimaux and Tiffeneau. His reform of the equivalents, his classification, his obtention of organic acid anhydrids and his famous Treatise of Organic Chemistry. His active collaboration to the Revue scientifique et industrielle du Docteur Quesneville, the creation of his Comptes-Rendus des Travaux de Chimie. Read More

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The Strongyloides (Nematoda) of sheep and the predominant Strongyloides of cattle form at least two different, genetically isolated populations.

Vet Parasitol 2008 Oct 25;157(1-2):89-99. Epub 2008 Jul 25.

Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Spemannstrasse 35, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Strongyloides sp. (Nematoda) are very wide spread small intestinal parasites of vertebrates that can form a facultative free-living generation. Most authors considered all Strongyloides of farm ruminants to belong to the same species, namely Strongyloides papillosus (Wedl, 1856). Read More

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October 2008
2 Citations
2.460 Impact Factor

Presence and species identification of the gapeworm Mammomonogamus laryngeus (Railliet, 1899) (Syngamidae: Nematoda) in a semi-wild population of Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) in Indonesia.

Res Vet Sci 2008 Apr 26;84(2):232-6. Epub 2007 Jun 26.

Institute of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Kotlárská 2, 61137, Brno, Czech Republic.

One adult syngamid nematode parasite couple was found during routine clinical observation in quarantine at the former Bohorok Rehabilitation Station from sputum of Pongo abelli and determined as Mammomonogamus laryngeus [Railliet, A., 1899. Syngame laryngieu du boeuf. Read More

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Follow-up of adult males with chromosome 18p deletion.

Eur J Med Genet 2005 Apr-Jun;48(2):189-93. Epub 2005 Feb 17.

Center for Human Genetics, UZ Gasthuisberg, 49 Herestraat, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

The 18p- syndrome has been known for over 40 years, the first report being by de Grouchy et al. [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires Séances l'Acad Sci 256 (1963) 1028]. Mental retardation of varying severity is the most constant feature. Read More

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September 2005
2 Reads

Foreword: from the TRANSCRIPTOME conferences to the SYSTEMOSCOPE international consortium.

C R Biol 2003 Oct-Nov;326(10-11):867-75

Genexpress, Functional Genomics and Systemic Biology for Health, CNRS FRE 2571, 7, rue Guy-Môquet, BP 8, 94801 Villejuif cedex, France.

This thematic issue issue of the Comptes rendus Biologies contains review articles, original papers and conference reports presented at the first two TRANSCRIPTOME conferences From Functional Genomics to Systems Biology and IMAGE Consortium Invitational workshops (Paris, November 2000 and Seattle, March 2002), and discussed during the inaugural meetings of the SYSTEMOSCOPE International Consortium (Paris, June 2003). We describe the founding principles, missions, working plan and policy for partnership and industrial development of SYSTEMOSCOPE to promote the study of the complexity of biological systems by integrating scientific, medical, ethical and economic issues in implementation of interdisciplinary projects for human health. Read More

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The scientific observatories on Mont Blanc.

Authors:
J P Richalet

High Alt Med Biol 2001 ;2(1):57-68

ARPE, Laboratoire Réponses Cellulaires et Fonctionnelles à l'Hypoxie, Université Paris 13, Bobigny, France.

Since the first ascent of Mont Blanc by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard in 1786, numerous scientific events have taken place on the highest peak of Europe. Horace Benédict de Saussure, since his first ascent in 1787, made numerous observations on barometric pressure, temperature, geology, and mountain sickness on Mont Blanc. Read More

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May 2001
3 Reads

[Prophylactic treatment of mood disorders: cost effectiveness analysis comparing lithium and carbamazepine].

Encephale 1999 Sep-Oct;25(5):391-400

CEMKA, Bourg-la-Reine.

Economic impact of lithium therapy has seldom been assessed, economic comparisons with alternative mood stabilizers are almost non existent. This economic evaluation of preventive treatment of mood disorders recurrences (whether unipolar or bipolar) compared lithium with carbamazepine, through data from a randomized controlled clinical trial. A retrospective analysis of medical files of index patients is included in this trial, with experts' global ratings. Read More

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February 2000
1 Read

[The impossible handicap. Analysis of the concept of handicap in the orientating law of 30 June 1975. 1].

Authors:
F Chapireau

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1988 May-Jun;146(7):609-31

Psychiatre des hôpitaux, centre hospitalier général, Saint-Quentin.

This study focuses on handicap as is meant in the French law of june 30, 1975 for handicapped persons. The method is content analysis applied to the law itself and to directly relevant official texts (Bloch Lainé report of 1967, motives statement of the law, debates in parliament, Cour des Comptes report of 1982, Lasry Gagneux report of 1983). Handicap thus explicited is twice impossible. Read More

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Optical design of a laser system for nuclear fusion research.

Authors:
J de Metz

Appl Opt 1971 Jul;10(7):1609-14

High power laser improvements, high quality aspheric lenses, and sharp focusing on a solid deuterium target enable us to get numerous nuclear fusion reactions inside the deuterium plasma. Since Maiman successfully built the first light amplifier in 1960 [Nature 187, 493 (1960)] and Terhune performed air breakdown experiments in 1962 ["Optical Third Harmonic Generation," Comptes rendus de la 3ème Conférence Internationale d'Electronique Quantique, Paris, 11-15 février 1963, P. Grivet and N. Read More

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