78,689 results match your criteria Complications of Myocardial Infarction


External validation of a predictive model of adverse events following spine surgery.

Spine J 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Background Context: We lack models that reliably predict 30-day postoperative adverse events (AEs) following spine surgery.

Purpose: We externally validated a previously developed predictive model for common 30-day adverse events (AEs) after spine surgery.

Study Design/setting: This prospective cohort study utilizes inpatient and outpatient data from a tertiary academic medical center. Read More

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Intracardiac thrombus in a patient with mitral bioprosthesis and atrial fibrillation treated with direct oral anticoaugulant: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26137

IRCCS Bonino Pulejo of Messina, Cardiology Unit.

Rationale: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased morbidity, especially stroke and heart failure. There is also increasing awareness that atrial fibrillation is a major cause of embolic events which in 75% of cases are complicated by cerebrovascular accidents.

Patient Concerns: A 50-year-old woman with mitral bioprosthesis under warfarin for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was referred to our Coronary Intensive Care Unit due to acute myocardial infarction without evidence of significant coronary artery stenosis. Read More

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Multimodality imaging of the ischemic right ventricle: an overview and proposal of a diagnostic algorithm.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Right ventricular (RV) involvement is frequently detected in patients presenting with acute left ventricular myocardial infarction. The ischemic right ventricle carries a dismal outcome by predisposing the heart to arrhythmic events and mechanical or hemodynamic complications. A comprehensive RV evaluation by multimodality imaging could guide clinical practice but has always been a conundrum for the imagers. Read More

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Preventive versus deferred catheter ablation of myocardial infarct-associated ventricular tachycardia: A meta-analysis.

Heart Rhythm O2 2020 Oct 14;1(4):275-282. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Division of Cardiology, Weill Cornell Medicine - New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.

Background: The optimal timing of catheter ablation for the treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy remains unclear. Studies examining the impact of early preventive ablation of VT on rates of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies and mortality have been limited by small sample size.

Objectives: To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing initial catheter ablation and ICD implantation (preventive ablation arm) vs ICD implantation alone (deferred ablation arm) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and VT. Read More

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October 2020

Comprehensive evaluation of cardiovascular efficacy and safety outcomes of SGLT2 inhibitors in high risk patients of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 18;10(2):89-98. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Division of Cardiology.

Objectives: To demonstrate a magnitude of the cardiovascular benefits, concomitantly analyzing the safety outcomes of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2-I) comprehensively, as a class effect in a larger sample size combined from recent randomized control trials.

Methods: We searched electronic databases using specific terms and evaluated 6 efficacy and 10 safety outcomes. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to compare two interventions. Read More

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Endovascular treatment of coronary subclavian steal syndrome: a case series highlighting the diagnostic usefulness of a multimodality imaging approach.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 29;5(3):ytab056. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Cardiology, Instituto Cardiovascular, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, C/Profesor Martín Lagos S/N, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Background: Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is an uncommon complication observed in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafts. It is defined as coronary ischaemia due to reversal flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. In practice, the entire clinical spectrum of ischaemic heart disease, ranging from asymptomatic patients to acute myocardial infarction, may be encountered. Read More

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A case report of takotsubo syndrome complicated by ischaemic stroke: the clinical dilemma of anticoagulation.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 15;5(3):ytab051. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, Cardiology Unit, University Hospital "San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d'Aragona", Heart Tower-Room 807, Largo Città d'Ippocrate, 84131 Salerno, Italy.

Background: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute and transient heart failure syndrome due to reversible myocardial dysfunction characterized by a wide spectrum of possible clinical scenarios. About one-fifth of TTS patients experience adverse in-hospital events. Thromboembolic complications, especially stroke, have been reported, albeit in a minority of patients. Read More

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Risk of Cardiovascular Complications in Patients with Persistent Atrial Fibrillation after Dissolution of a Thrombus in the Left Atrial Appendage.

Kardiologiia 2021 May 31;61(5):17-22. Epub 2021 May 31.

Tver State Medical University, Tver.

Aim      To compare the incidence of cardiovascular complications (CVC) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) following thrombus dissolution in the left atrial appendage (LAA) and in patients with persistent AF without preceding LAA thrombosis.Material and methods  The main group included 43 patients who had been diagnosed with LAA thrombosis on the first examination, transesophageal echocardiography, and who showed dissolution of the thrombus on a repeated study performed after 7.1+2. Read More

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Stenting versus balloon angioplasty alone in patients with below-the-knee disease: A propensity score-matched analysis.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0251755. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is considered an effective treatment in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, the long-term durability of below-the-knee (BTK) PTA is known to be limited. This study sought to compare the 1-year clinical outcomes following stenting versus balloon angioplasty alone in BTK lesions. Read More

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Interaction between thrombin potential and age on early clinical outcome in patients hospitalized for COVID-19.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Dipartimento Di Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Maggiore Della Carità, Via Solaroli 17, 28100, Novara, NO, Italy.

Patients with Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) have haemostatic dysfunction and are at higher risk of thrombotic complications. Although age is a major risk factor for outcome impairment in COVID-19, its impact on coagulative patterns here is still unclear. We investigated the association of Endogenous Thrombin Potential (ETP) with thrombotic and haemorrhagic events according to different ages in patients admitted for COVID-19. Read More

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Incidence and Risk Factors of In-Hospital Prosthesis-Related Complications Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database Study.

Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To examine the incidence and risk factors of in-hospital prosthesis-related complications (PRCs) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a large-scale national database.

Methods: A retrospective database analysis was performed based on Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2005-2014. Patients who underwent TKA were included. Read More

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Cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular disease, and COVID-19: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Liverpool Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Liverpool & Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, William Henry Duncan Building, 6 West Derby Street, Liverpool L7 8TX, UK.

Aims: To consolidate evidence to determine (i) the association between cardiovascular risk factors and health outcomes with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19); and (ii) the impact of COVID-19 on cardiovascular health.

Methods And Results: An umbrella review of systematic reviews was conducted. Fourteen medical databases and pre-print servers were searched from 1 January 2020 to 5 November 2020. Read More

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Influence of thromboembolic events in the prognosis of COVID-19 hospitalized patients. Results from a cross sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0252351. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Clinical Neurosciences Group, Institut de Recerca Biomèdica de Lleida (IRBLleida), Lleida, Spain.

Background: COVID-19 may predispose to both venous and arterial thromboembolism event (TEE). Reports on the prevalence and prognosis of thrombotic complications are still emerging.

Objective: To describe the rate of TEE complications and its influence in the prognosis of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 after a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in patients with and without structural heart disease: insights from the German ablation registry.

Clin Res Cardiol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Electrophysiology, University Heart Center Lübeck, Medical Clinic II, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Lübeck, Germany.

Aim: To compare patient characteristics, safety and efficacy of catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in patients with and without structural heart disease (SHD) enrolled in the German ablation registry.

Methods And Results: From January 2007 until January 2010, a total of 12,536 patients (37.2% with known SHD) were enrolled and followed for at least one year. Read More

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Spontaneous right coronary artery dissection in a patient with COVID-19 infection: A case report and review of the literature.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2021 06;49(4):334-338

Department of Cardiology, Katip Çelebi University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Although the virus predominantly causes respiratory system infection, recent reports have shown that it is also associated with many cardiovascular complications. It has been reported that COVID-19 may cause myocarditis, type 1 and 2 acute myocardial infarction, and thrombotic complications. Read More

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Carotid artery stenting has similar outcomes in men and women.

J Vasc Bras 2021 May 31;20:e20200169. Epub 2021 May 31.

Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The aim of carotid interventions is to prevent cerebrovascular events. Endovascular treatment (carotid-artery-stenting/CAS) has become established as an alternative to open surgery in some cases. Historically, female sex has been considered as a perioperative risk factor, however, there are few studies regarding this hypothesis when it comes to CAS. Read More

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Pre-Operative Cardiovascular Testing before Liver Transplantation.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Section of Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC.

End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is increasingly prevalent and shares many risk factors with coronary artery disease (CAD). No specific guidelines exist for pre-liver transplant evaluation of CAD, and pretransplant cardiovascular testing varies widely. The aim of this study is to characterize pre-transplant cardiac testing practices with post-transplant clinical outcomes. Read More

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Is there a Predictive Value of Hemoglobin A1C for Complications of Cardiac Surgery?

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Jun;30(6):686-693

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Goztepe Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the effect of preoperative hemoglobin A1c levels for the complications of cardiac surgery.

Study Design:   Meta-analysis. Place of Study: Siyami Ersek Chest and Cardiovascular Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Read More

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Can an individualized adherence education program delivered by nurses improve therapeutic adherence in elderly people with acute myocardial infarction?: A randomized controlled study.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 May 10;120:103975. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Heart Disease, Bellvitge University Hospital, IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: The ageing of the population is leading to an increase in the number of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction. These patients are at higher risk for complications and poor medication adherence, which in turn are associated with higher healthcare resource expenditures. Nursing programmes might help to improve adherence in these complex patients. Read More

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The effect of using the minimized cardio-pulmonary bypass Systems for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in diabetic patients.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jun 7;16(1):162. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Cardiac Sciences Department, College of Medicine, King Fahad Cardiac Center, King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Multiple studies have shown a decrease in the inflammatory response with minimized bypass circuits leading to less complications and mortality rate. On the other hand, some other studies showed that there is no difference in post-operative outcomes. So, the aim of this study is to investigate the clinical benefits of using the Minimized cardiopulmonary Bypass system in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and its effect on postoperative morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients as one of the high-risk groups that may benefit from these systems. Read More

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The Multifunctional Contribution of FGF Signaling to Cardiac Development, Homeostasis, Disease and Repair.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 14;9:672935. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Physiology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

The current focus on cardiovascular research reflects society's concerns regarding the alarming incidence of cardiac-related diseases and mortality in the industrialized world and, notably, an urgent need to combat them by more efficient therapies. To pursue these therapeutic approaches, a comprehensive understanding of the mechanism of action for multifunctional fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling in the biology of the heart is a matter of high importance. The roles of FGFs in heart development range from outflow tract formation to the proliferation of cardiomyocytes and the formation of heart chambers. Read More

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Cardiovascular Complications Related to COVID-19 Disease.

Authors:
Raed A Alsatli

Anesth Essays Res 2020 Jul-Sep;14(3):359-365. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Anesthesia, Section Cardiac Anesthesia, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a world epidemic disease and is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). In addition to the respiratory manifestations, it may also cause cardiovascular complications, such as, myocarditis, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and venous thromboembolic events. This review article will discuss in detail pathophysiology, manifestations, and management of these cardiac complications. Read More

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Preoperative and Intraoperative Blood Pressure Variability Independently Correlate With Outcomes.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 1;266:387-397. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

University of North Dakota School and Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, North Dakota; University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota; University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, North Dakota. Electronic address:

Background: Blood pressure variability (BPV) describes visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) changes independent of hypertension. Preoperative BPV and intraoperative BPV are associated with increased postoperative outcomes. We investigated the impact of both preoperative BPV and intraoperative BPV on elective surgical outcomes, specifically whether preoperative BPV and intraoperative BPV were independent risk factors for surgical complications. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Left Ventricular Perforation During Mapping of Ventricular Tachycardia.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;22:e930381. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Heart Center Lübeck, Medical Clinic II, Lübeck, Germany.

BACKGROUND Cardiac perforation leading to cardiac tamponade is one of the possible complications of endocardial mapping during catheter-based ablation procedures. The early diagnosis of catheter-induced perforation is critical for effective management of these patients. We hereby present the diagnosis and management of left ventricular perforation during mapping of ventricular tachycardia in a patient with left ventricular aneurysm. Read More

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Surgical Complications After Deceased Donor Renal Transplant.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

From the Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Deceased donor renal transplant is an accepted treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease. We retrospectively analyzed urological and surgical complications and outcomes in our series.

Material And Methods: Since 2016, we have performed 263 renal transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center, Ankara, and 92 of these were from deceased donors. Read More

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Unrecognized perforation into the anterior interventricular vein complicating PCI for anterior STEMI: An unexpected detour.

Clin Case Rep 2021 May 5;9(5):e04055. Epub 2021 May 5.

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center Heart and Vascular Center Geisel School of Medicine Lebanon NH USA.

Large iatrogenic coronary artery perforations require rapid management; however, operators must be able to recognize guidewire perforation into cardiac veins in order to avoid causing further complications with standard salvage strategies. Read More

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Association of hypercoagulation with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.

Blood Res 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Zoology, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur, India.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has emerged as a major threat to all healthcare systems across the globe, and it was declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization (WHO). The novel coronavirus affects the respiratory system, producing symptoms such as fever, cough, dyspnea, and pneumonia. The association between COVID-19 and coagulation has been previously reported. Read More

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Admission glucose level and short-term mortality in older patients with acute myocardial infarction: results from the KORA Myocardial Infarction Registry.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 3;11(6):e046641. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Chair of Epidemiology, UNIKA-T Augsburg, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Augsburg, Germany.

Study Objectives: To investigate the association between admission blood glucose levels and 28-day mortality as well as in-hospital complications in older patients with incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing modern treatment.

Methods: From a German population-based regional MI registry, 5530 patients (2016 women), aged 65-84 years, hospitalised with an incident AMI between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2016 were included in the study. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between admission blood glucose and 28-day mortality as well as in-hospital complications after AMI. Read More

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Significant liver fibrosis, as assessed by fibroscan, is independently associated with chronic vascular complications of type 2 diabetes: A multicenter study.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Jun 1;177:108884. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), as assessed by vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE), are associated with chronic vascular complications of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM).

Methods: We studied 442 outpatients with established T2DM, and who underwent VCTE and extensive assessment of chronic vascular complications of diabetes.

Results: A quarter of analyzed patients had a previous history of myocardial infarction and/or ischemic stroke, and about half of them had at least one microvascular complication (chronic kidney disease (CKD), retinopathy or polyneuropathy). Read More

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Outcome of Organ Dysfunction in the Perioperative Period.

Anesth Analg 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Stony Brook Medicine, Stony Brook, New York.

While intraoperative mortality has diminished greatly over the last several decades, the risk of death within 30 days of surgery remains stubbornly high and is ultimately related to perioperative organ failure. Perioperative strokes, while rare (<2% in noncardiac surgery), are associated with a more than 10-fold increase in mortality. Rapid identification and treatment are key to maximizing long-term outcomes. Read More

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