Neuromodulation 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.
Department of Anesthesia, Division of Pain Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.
Objectives: Chronic pain syndromes in children can carry significant threats to psychological well-being, opioid overuse, functional impairments, and severe disability. While several high-level studies, almost exclusively in adults, have demonstrated the utility of implantable electrical neuromodulation systems for treating various chronic pain syndromes, there exists a paucity of pediatric-specific evidence. Unfortunately, evidence and practice patterns established from adults may not be fully translatable to children given differences in disease manifestations and anatomical variances. Read More