10,455 results match your criteria Compartment Syndrome


Unusual Sites of Metastatic and Benign I 131 Uptake in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.

Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Nov-Dec;22(6):740-750

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwavidyapeetham, Cochin, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is the most common pathological type of thyroid carcinoma, which includes papillary and follicular subtypes. DTC is usually indolent, characterized by good prognosis, and long-term survival. Total thyroidectomy is the mainstay of treatment in DTC which is followed by diagnostic whole body 131I (WBI) scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijem.IJEM_70_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330860PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[A Case of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome after Laparotomy for Peritonitis Caused by Colon Perforation Due to Gallbladder Carcinoma].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Jan;46(1):157-159

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

A70 -year-old man with a diagnosis of panperitonitis caused by colon perforation due to invasion of gallbladder cancer was transferred to our hospital. The next day, an emergency operation was performed. During laparotomy, the ascending colon was perforated; therefore, ileocecal resection was performed. Read More

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January 2019

Imaging features of SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcomas: a multi-centric study of 21 patients.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 229, cours de l'Argonne, F-33000, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcoma (SMARCA4-DTS) is a recently identified aggressive subtype of sarcoma. The aim of this study was to characterize the CT imaging features of SMARCA4-DTS.

Methods: From June 2011 to May 2017, 21 adult patients with histologically proven SMARCA4-DTS were identified in the radiological database of 2 French sarcoma reference centers with at least one chest CT scan available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06017-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Bilateral Compartment Syndrome in Intravenous Drug Abuse.

Cureus 2018 Dec 4;10(12):e3683. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Internal Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, USA.

Compartment syndrome is an orthopedic emergency in which the neurovasculature of the extremity is compromised. Typically, it presents unilaterally and is the consequence of major trauma to the extremity in the form of fracture. However, more uncommon etiologies of compartment syndrome have been reported, which includes reperfusion injury, burns, and congenital or acquired bleeding disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367106PMC
December 2018

Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Forearm Secondary to Hematoma after Playing Golf.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2019 Mar;24(1):93-95

1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shiroyama Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Acute compartment syndrome of the forearm secondary to hematoma without direct trauma has been reported rarely. We report a case of acute compartment syndrome of the forearm following a hematoma after playing golf. A 55-year-old man felt pain in his left forearm while playing golf that gradually worsened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835519720020DOI Listing

Expeditious Diagnosis and Laparotomy for Patients with Acute Abdominal Compartment Syndrome May Improve Survival.

Am Surg 2018 Nov;84(11):1836-1840

Causes of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are varied and can result from both medical and surgical diseases. Early recognition of ACS and prompt surgical treatment has been shown to improve mortality. We hypothesize that earlier recognition of ACS and earlier involvement by surgical specialists may improve mortality. Read More

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November 2018

Differences between primary and secondary definitive osteosynthesis for fractures of the lower leg with concomitant acute compartment syndrome.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of General and Trauma Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz 1, 44789, Bochum, Germany.

Purpose: To analyze the differences in outcomes between primary and secondary definitive osteosynthesis for fractures of the lower leg with concomitant acute compartment syndrome (ACS).

Methods: From our trauma database, we identified a total of 107 patients with 126 fractures of AO/OTA type 41-44 and 120 ACS from January 01, 2001 to December 31, 2015 who were treated with primary or secondary definitive osteosynthesis after concomitant fasciotomy.

Results: Seventy-one patients with 77 fractures of AO/OTA classification type 41-44 suffering ACS received primary definitive osteosynthesis at the time of compartmental incision (POCI) and were compared to 36 patients with 49 fractures of AO/OTA type 41-44 and ACS, who received secondary definitive osteosynthesis after compartmental incision and soft tissue coverage (SOCI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01089-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Use of standard musculoskeletal ultrasound to determine the need for fasciotomy in an elevated muscle compartment pressure cadaver leg model.

Injury 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States; Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Foundation, Paris, France.

Introduction: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a limb-threatening condition often associated with leg injury. The only treatment of ACS is fasciotomy with the purpose of reducing muscle compartment pressures (MCP). Patient discomfort and low reliability of invasive MCP measurements, has led to the search for alternative methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Rare variants of Bosworth fracture-dislocation: Bosworth fracture-dislocation with medial malleolus adduction type fracture.

Chin J Traumatol 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, United Family Hospital, Beijing 100015, China. Electronic address:

Bosworth ankle fracture-dislocation is rare, known to be an irreducible type of ankle injury, with a high incidence of complication. We present two cases of even rarer variants of Bosworth ankle fracture-dislocation. The first case is a type of supination external rotation adduction, and the second case is a type of supination external rotation adduction. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10081275183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Computed tomographic features of intra-abdominal hypertension in three dogs.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Objective: To describe computed tomographic (CT) features of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in 3 dogs with abdominal distension.

Case Summary: Three dogs with anorexia, distended abdomen, or labored breathing were presented for CT imaging. All 3 dogs were premedicated with IV butorphanol (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vec.12810DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

School Nurses on the Front Lines of Medicine: Emergencies Associated With Sport and Physical Activities: Part 1.

NASN Sch Nurse 2019 Feb 9:1942602X18819223. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine.

Illness and injury associated with sport and physical activities may occur in the school setting. Although most sport-related illness and injury in students are considered minor emergencies, life- and limb-threatening illnesses or injuries may occur, such as sudden cardiac arrest, heat stroke, status asthmaticus, catastrophic brain or cervical spine injuries, hypoglycemia, blunt chest/abdominal injuries, or extremity fractures requiring surgery. It is important for the school nurse to recognize potential life- and limb-threatening emergencies associated with sport and physical activity, to initiate stabilization of the student with life- and limb-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary healthcare provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via emergency medical services). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1942602X18819223DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Feasibility of ultrasound measurement in a human model of acute compartment syndrome.

World J Emerg Surg 2019 4;14. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

7Department of Anaesthesiology and General Intensive Care, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Early diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of the leg is essential to improve the outcome. Direct invasive measurement is currently recommended to measure intracompartmental pressure. A non-invasive and reproducible means of making the diagnosis would be a step forward. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-019-0222-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360764PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.

Authors:
Jerrold B Leikin

Dis Mon 2019 Jan;65(1)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
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Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome.

Vasc Med 2019 Feb 10:1358863X18822750. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

2 Johns Hopkins Center for Vascular Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358863X18822750DOI Listing
February 2019

Abdominal compartment syndrome and intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients: diagnostic value of computed tomography.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital, 3 Boulevard Fleming, 25030, Besançon, France.

Aims: The aims of the present work were to reevaluate, prospectively, the diagnostic value of already-described computed tomography (CT) landmarks of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and to study the diagnostic value of some undescribed CT signs for the diagnosis of IAH and ACS.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in shock for whom an abdominal CT was clinically indicated were included. CT examinations were reviewed and scored by two reviewers for the 12 proposed CT features of IAH and ACS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5994-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acute pain management in trauma: anatomy, ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks and special considerations.

Minerva Anestesiol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Second Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Pain is the most common complaint amongst trauma patients throughout the perioperative period. Multimodal analgesia is currently being regarded the mainstay, with regional anesthesia techniques constituting an integral part of it. Ultrasound imaging techniques display a plethora of advantages that have pervaded regional anesthesia practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0375-9393.19.13145-8DOI Listing
February 2019

The Subplate: A Potential Driver of Cortical Folding?

Cereb Cortex 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

In many species of Mammalia, the surface of the brain develops from a smooth structure to one with many fissures and folds, allowing for vast expansion of the surface area of the cortex. The importance of understanding what drives cortical folding extends beyond mere curiosity, as conditions such as preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction, and fetal alcohol syndrome are associated with impaired folding in the infant and child. Despite being a key feature of brain development, the mechanisms driving cortical folding remain largely unknown. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/cercor/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhz003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Management of Iatrogenic Nerve Injuries.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

From the Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (Dr. Pulos, Dr. Spinner, and Dr. A. Y. Shin), the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WA (Dr. E. H. Shin), and the Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (Dr. Spinner).

Iatrogenic peripheral nerve injuries from orthopaedic surgery can occur via many scenarios, including direct injury to the nerve during surgery, indirect injury via retraction or compartment syndrome, and injury from nonsurgical treatments such as injections and splinting. Successful management of iatrogenic nerve injuries requires an accurate diagnosis and timely, appropriate treatment. All orthopaedic surgeons must understand the preclinical study of nerve injury and the evaluation and treatment options for iatrogenic nerve injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00510DOI Listing
February 2019

Tension pneumoperitoneum: Case report of a rare form of acute abdominal compartment syndrome.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;55:112-116. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Medicine, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: Tension pneumoperitoneum is a severe and rare form of pneumoperitoneum with concomitant hemodynamic instability and respiratory failure. It is a variant of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) causing an abrupt increase in intra-abdominal pressure.

Presentation Of Case: We present a case of pneumoperitoneum, after an endoscopic mucosal resection with the development of ACS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019
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Compartment pressures in children with normal and fractured lower extremities.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, General and Thoracic Surgery, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwiessstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: Needle manometry is a tool to confirm suspected acute compartment syndrome (ACS). There is scarce evidence of normal pressure values of the lower extremities in children. The aim of this study is to assess the normal compartment pressures in non-injured lower extremities of children. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00068-019-01082-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01082-9DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

External Fixator-assisted Ulnar Osteotomy: A Novel Technique to Treat Missed Monteggia Fracture in Children.

Orthop Surg 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Objective: The treatment of missed Monteggia fracture remains a challenge, despite the various surgical methods described. The purpose of this study was to explore a new surgical technique utilizing external fixator-assisted ulnar osteotomy and to assess the surgical results in a case series.

Methods: Thirteen patients with missed Monteggia fractures were treated at our institution using this new surgical technique from August 2012 to January 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12426DOI Listing
February 2019
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Successful treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome with chemotherapy in a patient with a newly diagnosed Burkitt lymphoma.

J Crit Care 2019 Jan 22;51:26-28. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine, Medical Center Cologne Merheim, University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany. Electronic address:

Mortality of patients treated on the intensive care unit suffering from cancer is high, especially when admitted with an unknown malignancy. Still, anti-tumor therapy in critically ill patients requiring mechanical ventilation is a clinical challenge. Over the last years, successful chemotherapy has been reported, even in critically ill patients with infections and organ failure. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08839441183165
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[Experimental study on the pathological changes in lung of abdominal compartment syndrome model rabbits].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2019 Jan;31(1):112-114

Department of Oncology, the Affiliated Hospital of Datong University, Datong 037005, Shanxi, China. Corresponding author: Wang Hongye, Email:

Objective: To investigate the secondary pathological changes in lung of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).

Methods: Twenty-five healthy adult clean New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n = 5) and experimental group (n = 20) according to the random number table method. The experimental group was subdivided into two subgroups according to the observation time: 24 hours and 48 hours, with 10 rabbits in each subgroup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2019.01.022DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Damage control orthopaedics: State of the art.

World J Orthop 2019 Jan 18;10(1):1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Costa del Sol, University of Malaga, Marbella 29603, Malaga, Spain.

Damage control orthopaedics (DCO) originally consisted of the provisional immobilisation of long bone - mainly femur - fractures in order to achieve the advantages of early treatment and to minimise the risk of complications, such as major pain, fat embolism, clotting, pathological inflammatory response, severe haemorrhage triggering the lethal triad, and the traumatic effects of major surgery on a patient who is already traumatised (the "second hit" effect). In recent years, new locations have been added to the DCO concept, such as injuries to the pelvis, spine and upper limbs. Nonetheless, this concept has not yet been validated in well-designed prospective studies, and much controversy remains. Read More

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https://www.wjgnet.com/2218-5836/full/v10/i1/1.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v10.i1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354106PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Burn-induced neuroepithelial changes as a delayed cause of mortality in major burns: a case report and literature review.

Int J Burns Trauma 2018 20;8(6):145-148. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Mortality in major burns is caused mainly by multisystem organ failure. Brain lesions in burn patients are rare and predominantly traumatic in nature. Here, we present an unusual case of burn-induced glioma causing rapid neurological deterioration and death. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334216PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Feasibility and Outcomes of Femoral Vein Harvest for Dialysis Access and Arterial Reconstruction.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 24;237:50-55. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Background: We describe the feasibility and long-term outcomes of using femoral vein (FV) for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and lower extremity bypass (LEB) creation.

Methods: All patients undergoing AVF or LEB using autogenous FV by a single surgeon (April 2006 to September 2013) were reviewed. Perioperative (30-d) complications and long-term outcomes are described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.11.036DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Hyperbaric Oxygen as an Adjunctive Therapy Postfasciotomy for Unilateral Supraspinatus Rhabdomyolysis and Compartment Syndrome.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 30;2018:5485767. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Medicine CCS, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

We present a case of severe supraspinatus muscle rhabdomyolysis following overexertion in a young male. Preexisting risk factors included illicit drug use. Even single muscle rhabdomyolysis can cause significant renal failure, and in our case the use of intravenous flushing was used in conjunction with hyperbaric oxygen after muscle compartment fasciotomy to maximize muscle recovery and renal protection in a manual worker (musician). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crior/2018/5485767/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5485767DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332935PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome and functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome: differential diagnosis or related conditions? A case report.

PM R 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Département d'orthopédie-traumatologie, Unité Inserm COMETE, Caen, France.

Exertional leg pain is a common and disabling condition in athletes with challenging diagnosis and management. We report the case of a 29-year-old rugby player with history and clinical examination consistent with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS). Compartment pressure measurements was supportive of the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12081DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Facial Contour Symmetry Outcomes after Site-Specific Facial Fat Compartment Augmentation with Fat Grafting in Facial Deformities.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Feb;143(2):544-556

Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil From the Institute of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, SOBRAPAR Hospital.

Background: The purposes of this study were to evaluate facial symmetry after the first fat grafting session in patients with unilateral facial contour deformities and to identify independent predictors of 12-month postoperative facial symmetry.

Methods: A prospective analysis was conducted of consecutive patients (n = 167) that underwent fat grafting to restore facial contour symmetry. Computerized photogrammetric facial symmetry analyses were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005220DOI Listing
February 2019

Pediatric acute compartment syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an emergency with potentially devastating consequences. Delayed recognition may be especially concerning for the pediatric population, as children present with a wide variety of etiologies, symptoms, and levels of communication. We sought to determine the average time from injury to diagnosis, most common presentations, the degree to which providers obtained pressure measurements, and outcomes of ACS in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000593DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Axillary Artery Injury Following Closed Reduction of an Age-Indeterminate Anterior Glenohumeral Dislocation.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):53-56

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Introduction: Axillary artery injury is a rare and potentially devastating sequelae of glenohumeral dislocation. While neurovascular exam is critical in all presentations, the presence of "soft" and/or "hard" signs should prompt a more thorough examination and possible employment of advanced imaging techniques.

Case Report: We present a case of a 51-year-old male with an axillary artery injury associated with an anterior glenohumeral dislocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343555PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Fasciotomy in compartment syndrome from snakebite.

Arch Plast Surg 2019 Jan 15;46(1):69-74. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Background: Local symptoms and signs of snake envenomation mimic the clinical features of compartment syndrome. It is important to measure the intracompartmental pressure to diagnose compartment syndrome. In this study, we present our experiences of confirming compartment syndrome and performing fasciotomy in snakebite patients based on high intracompartmental pressure findings. Read More

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http://e-aps.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5999/aps.2018.00577
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5999/aps.2018.00577DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Evaluation and Management of Acute Compartment Syndrome in the Emergency Department.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a time-sensitive surgical emergency caused by increased pressure within a closed compartment. ACS can lead to significant morbidity and mortality if it is not rapidly identified and treated.

Objective: This article provides an evidence-based review of the diagnosis and management of ACS, with focused updates for the emergency clinician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Co-initiation of continuous renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in neonatal life-threatening hyaline membrane disease: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14194

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery.

Rationale: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a well-known technique to provide cardio-pulmonary support. Although continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is frequently indicated, the need for faster fluid removal as the primary indication for ECMO is uncommon. Experiences on concomitant applications of ECMO, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and CRRT in neonates are relatively limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014194DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Ocular Compartment Syndrome and Lateral Canthotomy Procedure.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Colchester Hospital University Foundation Trust, Colchester, United Kingdom.

Background: Ocular compartment syndrome (OCS) is a serious ophthalmological emergency that should be diagnosed and treated immediately to prevent permanent loss of vision. It is usually caused by a retro-orbital bleed that will subsequently increase intra-orbital pressure and threaten the patient's vision. Lateral canthotomy and cantholysis is a minor bedside procedure using simple equipment that is readily available in emergency departments, and the aim of such a procedure is to free the eye globe from its lateral attachment to the bony orbital wall and allow more eye protrusion and hence reduce intra-orbital pressure and save the patient's sight. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183121
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.019DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Feasibility and safety of enzymatic debridement for the prevention of operative escharotomy in circumferential deep burns of the distal upper extremity.

Surgery 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Department for Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgery, Burn Center, University of Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Burn-induced compartment syndrome is a severe sequela after circumferential burns of the extremities and is avoidable by immediate release of the underlying pressure under the eschar. Although the current gold standard is operative escharotomy, this procedure carries considerable morbidity. Our study evaluates the safety and effectiveness of immediate enzymatic debridement to prevent the need for operative escharotomy because of burn-induced compartment syndrome in selected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2018.11.019DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Population pharmacokinetics of lenalidomide in patients with B-cell malignancies.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Australian Centre for Pharmacometrics, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia.

Aims: Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory imide drug (IMiD) used broadly in the treatment of multiple myeloma and lymphoma. It continues to be evaluated in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) at lower doses due to dose-related toxicities including tumour flare and tumour lysis syndrome. This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for lenalidomide in multiple cancers, including CLL, to identify any disease-related differences in disposition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.13873DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Necrotizing fasciitis with mediastinitis following snakebite envenomation.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 9;7:2050313X18823090. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Surgery, Arthur Davison Children's Hospital, Ndola, Zambia.

Snakebite envenomation is a life-threatening injury and a neglected public health issue in Africa. We report the case of a child that presented 6 days following a forearm snakebite with compartment syndrome and necrotizing fasciitis of the upper limb extending to the neck and chest who developed mediastinitis. She underwent multiple surgical debridements and the mediastinitis was managed non-surgically with antibiotics and postural drainage leading to recovery. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2050313X18823090
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X18823090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329015PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Population pharmacokinetics and dosage optimization of tacrolimus in pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome
.

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate the population pharmacokinetic (PPK) characteristics of tacrolimus in Chinese children with nephrotic syndrome and to apply it in clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: A total of 137 concentrations from 61 patients were collected from routine therapeutic drug monitoring data between 2011 and 2018. Population modeling was performed with the nonlinear mixed-effects model (NONMEM) program, using a one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CP203355DOI Listing
January 2019
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Management of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children.

EFORT Open Rev 2018 Oct 1;3(10):526-540. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Spain.

Supracondylar fractures of the humerus are the most frequent fractures of the paediatric elbow, with a peak incidence at the ages of five to eight years.Extension-type fractures represent 97% to 99% of cases. Posteromedial displacement of the distal fragment is the most frequent; however, the radial and median nerves are equally affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/2058-5241.3.170049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335593PMC
October 2018

Compartment Syndrome After Isolated Closed Transverse Fibular Shaft Fracture.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2018 Nov 26;2(11):e077. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY (Dr. Matthews); and the UBMD Department of Orthopaedics, Buffalo, NY (Dr. Mutty).

In the lower extremity, compartment syndrome has been associated with fractures of the tibial plateau, shaft, and plafond. The patient was an 89-year-old male driver involved in a T-bone type motor vehicle accident. He sustained a closed transverse fibular shaft fracture and initially had fullness in his anterior/lateral compartments but no pain with passive and active range of motion of his ankle. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01979360-201811000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-18-00077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324902PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Multidisciplinary approach to prostatitis.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2019 Jan 18;90(4):227-248. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

ASST Nord Milano.

The modern clinical research on prostatitis started with the work of Stamey and coworkers who developed the basic principles we are still using. They established the segmented culture technique for localizing the infections in the males to the urethra, the bladder, or the prostate and to differentiate the main categories of prostatitis. Such categories with slight modifications are still used according to the NIH classification: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS) and asymptomatic prostatitis. Read More

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https://www.pagepressjournals.org/index.php/aiua/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2018.4.227DOI Listing
January 2019
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Suspected Compartment Syndrome, Consumptive Thrombocytopenia, and Anemia Secondary to a Ruptured Arterial Aneurysm or Pseudoaneurysm Following Multiple Stifle Surgeries.

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

From Friendship Hospital for Animals, Washington, District of Columbia (M.L., J.M.C., S.K.H.); and Veterinary Pathology Services, Joint Pathology Center, Silver Spring, Maryland (J.R.C.).

A 12 yr old male neutered beagle was presented on transfer to the intensive care unit with severe anemia, thrombocytopenia, and bruising detected 1 day after undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy surgery. The patient had undergone extra-capsular stifle stabilization surgery 14 wk prior to treat ligament disease in the same knee. Laboratory testing and treatment for anemia, presumptive immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, and possible hemostatic disorder was initiated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5326/JAAHA-MS-6659DOI Listing
January 2019
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Postoperative Pain and Opioid Use in Children with Supracondylar Humeral Fractures: Balancing Analgesia and Opioid Stewardship.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Jan;101(2):119-126

Division of Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Effective postoperative analgesia remains a priority in orthopaedic surgery, but concerns with regard to opioid diversion and misuse have brought overdue attention to improving opioid stewardship. Normative data for postoperative pain and opioid use are needed to guide and balance these dual priorities. We aimed to characterize postoperative pain and opioid use for an archetypal pediatric orthopaedic procedure: closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of a supracondylar humeral fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00657DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Compartment Syndrome of the Flexor Compartment of the Arm Secondary to Pectoralis Major Tendon Rupture.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 13;2018:9042820. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Toledo Medical Center, MS 1094, 3000 Arlington Ave., Toledo, OH 43614, USA.

. Compartment syndrome following muscle rupture is a rare entity with few mentions in the literature. We present a case of pectoralis major rupture in a 38-year-old male that evolved into compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the arm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9042820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311819PMC
December 2018
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Fulminant pseudomembranous enterocolitis caused by : an autopsy case report.

Acute Med Surg 2019 Jan 24;6(1):78-82. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Traumatology and Critical Care Medicine National Defense Medical College Saitama Japan.

Case: We describe a rare case of antibiotic-associated fulminant pseudomembranous enterocolitis caused by . A 79-year-old man with a history of antibiotic therapy was admitted to our emergency department, complaining of consciousness disturbance. Initially, we suspected septic shock and diabetic ketoacidosis caused by intestinal infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ams2.370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328918PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Early surgical and vascular complications after open repairs of aortoiliac aneurysms.

Rozhl Chir 2018 ;97(11):499-503

Introduction: The surgical procedures due to aortoiliac aneurysm (AAA) represent the most demanding procedures in conventional vascular surgery. This is due, among other things, to the relatively frequent systemic and surgical complications in polymorbid and often urgently operated patients. Surgical and vascular complications after resections of aortoiliac aneurysms are relatively common, and reintervention due to these complications is reported to range around 14%. Read More

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January 2018
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