674,169 results match your criteria Community Mental Health Journal[Journal]
J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burn Centre, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.
During the last three decades, tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery have become standard therapeutic options in the world of medicine. Several biomaterials, either alone, or in combination with cultured cellular products, have been introduced to compensate for the scarcity of autologous donor tissue or to improve healing in a variety of surgical specialties e.g. Read More
BJOG 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Thomas Jefferson University, 130 S 9th St, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.
Objective: To describe the association of maternal anaemia with maternal, foetal and neonatal outcomes.
Design: Prospective cohort study.
Setting: Rural India and Pakistan. Read More
Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Chair of Soil Science, Technical University Munich (TUM), Emil-Ramann-Str. 2, D-85354, Freising, Germany.
Rising atmospheric CO concentrations have increased interest in the potential for forest ecosystems and soils to act as carbon (C) sinks. While soil organic C contents often vary with tree species identity, little is known about if, and how, tree species influence the stability of C in soil. Using a 40-year-old common garden experiment with replicated plots of eleven temperate tree species, we investigated relationships between soil organic matter (SOM) stability in mineral soils and 17 ecological factors (including tree tissue chemistry, magnitude of organic matter inputs and their turnover, microbial community descriptors, and soil physico-chemical properties). Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
University of Canberra, 3. Stephen Neville.
Aim: To synthesise international research conducted on dementia-friendly community initiatives.
Background: The number of people living with dementia is increasing as a result of population ageing. Impairments related to neurological changes, together with environmental challenges result in disability for people who have dementia. Read More
Clin Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
It is now established that a drug's pharmacokinetics-absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion-drug-drug interaction (PK-ADME-DDI) profile can be modulated by age, disease, and genotype. In order to facilitate subject phenotyping and clinical DDI assessment, therefore, various endogenous compounds (in plasma and urine) have been pursued as drug-metabolizing enzyme and transporter biomarkers. Compared to biomarkers, however, the topic of circulating extracellular vesicles as "liquid biopsy" has received little attention within the ADME community; most organs secrete nanovesicles (e. Read More
AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Center for AIDS Intervention Research, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 2071 N. Summit Avenue, Milwaukee, WI, 53202, USA.
Research is needed to determine targets for interventions to increase pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model has not been tested for PrEP use among men who have sex with men (MSM). Men and transgender women and men were surveyed at a community event in the Midwest in 2016 (N = 476, 60% White, M = 35). Read More
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Biological Functions Engineering, Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 2-4 Hibikino, Wakamatsu, Kitakyushu, 808-0196, Japan.
Quorum sensing (QS) plays a key role in activating bacterial functions through small molecules called autoinducers. In this study, the QS of Gram-negative bacteria in waste sewage sludge (WSS) was downregulated by adding the quorum quenching enzyme, AiiM lactonase, which cleaved the acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) autoinducer signals from Gram-negative bacteria, and subsequently methane production was inhibited by over 400%. The pH was lowered after 2 days in the anaerobic fermentation whereas protease activity at the hydrolysis step was almost the same with or without AiiM. Read More
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Legal Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8521, Japan.
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) generally has a good prognosis unless complicated by heart failure (HF). We report a case of sudden infant death because of clinically undiagnosed VSD in a seemingly healthy 16-day-old boy. Although a cardiac murmur was auscultated at birth, detailed clinical examination was not performed. Read More
Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Westat Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Georgetown University Medical Center, 1600 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD, 20850-3129, USA.
Objective: With the rise in electronic cigarette (ENDS) use among US young adults, more research is needed on expectations for use and perceptions related to body image, weight control, and stress relief.
Methods: College students (N = 230; modal age 21 years; 68% female) completed an online survey assessing cigarette smoking and ENDS, dieting and body image, perceptions about flavors, stress, weight gain prevention, and appetite regulation.
Sample Characteristics: Dual use (cigarette and ENDS) was reported by n = 69 (30. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.
The objectives of this study were to determine the biofilm microbial activity and bacterial community structure and successions in greywater treatment filters and to relate the treatment efficiency to the bacterial community parameters. This 10-month study was performed in a newly established experimental system for domestic greywater treatment that consisted of three parallel vertical flow filters (VFs) followed by a horizontal flow filter (HF). A rapid increase in the bacterial community abundance occurred during the first 85 days of filter operations, followed by a short-term decrease and the stabilization of the 16S rRNA gene copy numbers at average levels of 1. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, 675 W. Foothill Blvd., Ste. 310, Claremont, CA, 91711, USA.
This study builds upon prior research on associations between moods, family functioning, and binge eating, using ecological momentary assessment to examine moderating effects of family functioning on associations between moods and binge eating. This study was conducted among a nonclinical sample of urban adolescents. Family functioning was assessed using five constructs adopted from the FACES-IV measure: 'family cohesion,' 'family flexibility' 'family communication,' 'family satisfaction,' and 'family balance. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, 1100 NE 45th Street, Suite 300, Box 354944, Seattle, WA, 98195-4944, USA.
Many people enrolled in drug diversion programs are not receiving evidence-based prevention for HIV or hepatitis. This study translated basic research from cognitive science to increase screening for infection and condom use in this population. A parallel three-condition randomized trial was conducted in a drug diversion sample (N = 358), comparing a memory practice condition with two active control conditions. Read More
J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
In addition to individual-level characteristics, characteristics of the social and physical environments in which individuals reside may adversely impact health outcomes. Careful attention to the role of "place" can result in programs that successfully deliver services to those most at risk. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used geocoded residential addresses from 3090 households enrolled in a South Carolina (SC) home visiting program, 2013-2016, and corresponding years of data for maternal and child health outcomes obtained from vital records data. Read More
J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Box 453018, Las Vegas, NV, 89154-3018, USA.
Cardiovascular risk factors in young adults at a national level are less than ideal specifically for hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes. Explore college students' perception of their 30-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using cluster analysis technique with internal validation. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Cancer Control Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Purpose: To gain breast cancer survivors' perspectives on participation in a home-based physical activity intervention and the factors that contributed to their acceptance and adherence to physical activity.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six women who had participated in a 12-week, home-based physical activity intervention using Polar A360® activity trackers. Additionally, 22 participants from the physical activity interventions provided scaled responses to barriers of physical activity on weeks 3, 6, 9, and 12. Read More
Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Fracture risk scores generated from population-based administrative healthcare data showed comparable or better discrimination than the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) scores computed without bone mineral density for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture. Administrative data may be useful to identify individuals at high fracture risk at the population level.
Purpose: To evaluate the discrimination of fracture risk scores defined using inputs available from administrative data for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) alone. Read More
Exp Brain Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Centre de Recherche en Neuropsychologie et Cogntion, University of Montreal, Pavillon Marie-Victorin 90, Avenue Vincent d'Indy, Montreal, QC, H2V 2S9, Canada.
Aging is associated with cognitive decline and decreased capacity to inhibit distracting information. Video game training holds promise to increase inhibitory mechanisms in older adults. In the current study, we tested the impact of 3D-platform video game training on performance in an antisaccade task and on related changes in grey matter within the frontal eye fields (FEFs) of older adults. Read More
Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e269-e271
Department of Microbiology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
This communication is regarding the necessity to address the HIV-related needs of LGBTQIA+ community (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/transsexual, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, Asexuality, and others) for attaining the 'GETTING TO ZERO' theme for zero new HIV infections, zero AIDS-related deaths and zero discrimination. Most of the times, prevention of HIV/AIDS is talked about in terms of faithfulness to one's partner, use of protective devices such as condoms, pre and post exposure prophylaxis, using anti-retroviral therapies and use of microbicides, behavior change etc. HIV-related issues are however, one of the pertinent issues that needs to be effectively addressed in the LGBTQIA+ community. Read More
Oncology 2018 14;95 Suppl 1:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Dec 6;283:77-82. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd. MC 8849, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:
Amygdala is an affective processing center that regulates and assigns valence to different emotions and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. This population-based study employed a community sample of 1747 adults to examine relationships between amygdala volume and depressive symptom severity. Neuroimaging data from participants in the Dallas Heart Study were used. Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 13;88:348-361. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti, Piazza SS Annunziata 12, 50121, Florence, Italy.
Understanding risk factors is important to ending childhood violence and meeting Sustainable Development Goal 16.2. To date, no study has examined patterns of risk factors across countries comprehensively for different types of childhood violence, and there is a dearth of evidence of polyvictimization in lower- and middle-income settings. Read More
Water Res 2018 Dec 6;150:392-402. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia. Electronic address:
Microbially induced concrete corrosion (MICC) is a major deterioration affecting sewers worldwide. MICC is not uniform on sewer inner walls and often occurs at hot spots such as crown and tidal regions, which are critical to determine sewer service life. Especially, concrete corrosion in tidal regions is complicated due to the fluctuation of wastewater levels and the hydraulic scouring effects. Read More
Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 13;64:40-46. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Drug Policy Modelling Program, University of New South Wales, 22-32 King Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia.
Background: In Australia and elsewhere, the impacts of drug prohibition have sparked a critical dialogue about the state of current drug laws. While a range of 'experts' have offered their opinion and participation in these deliberations, the voices of the affected community have largely been excluded. This study aimed to gather the opinions and preferences of people who use drugs about the current or alternative models of drug laws, in addition to how they think drug laws could be changed Author Conflict of Interest Declaration. Read More
Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 13;128:69-76. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States of America.
Background: While use of prescription opioids and medication assisted therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder in pregnancy, as well as the incidence of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) continue to rise, little is known about outcomes for children with NOWS beyond the newborn period.
Methods: We examined 1) prenatal MAT exposure vs. unexposed healthy controls [HC]; and 2) treatment for NOWS and NOWS severity on infant neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes at 5-8 months of age in 78 maternal-infant pairs from the ENRICH prospective cohort study. Read More
Gait Posture 2018 Dec 6;68:311-316. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic, Las Vegas, NV, USA; Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, USA. Electronic address:
Background: The etiology of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease (PD) is yet to be clarified. Non-motor risk factors including cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance and mood disorders have been shown in freezing of gait.
Research Question: We aimed to determine the predictive value of non-motor features in freezing of gait development. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 4;274:488-495. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Department of Water Pollution Control Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:
In this study, three anaerobic digestion experiments were established to investigate the effects of solids retention times (SRT) on the fate of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) including anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge (CK), one-stage anaerobic digestion of microwave pretreatment sludge (MW) and two-stage anaerobic digestion of microwave pretreatment sludge (Acid stage and CH stage). The response of ARGs to the SRT varied significantly from ARG types and reactor configurations. Shorter SRT could avail the ARGs reduction for CK and two-stage digestion, while MW need longer SRT for the ARGs reduction. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Objective: Studies have linked self-reported discrimination to telomere attrition, a biological marker of accelerated cellular aging. However, it is unknown whether intersections between social categories-race, socioeconomic status (SES), sex, and age-influence the association of varying forms of discrimination with telomere length. We examined these associations in a socioeconomically and racially/ethnically diverse urban sample. Read More
Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Introduction: The current study examined associations between DSM-5 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and three sexual risk outcomes: presence of a sexually transmitted disease/infection, frequency of condom use, and sex with a known user of injection drugs.
Methods: Data were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (2012-2013, analyzed 2017), a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized U.S. Read More
Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.
Introduction: In 2010, the American Heart Association initiated Life's Simple 7 with the goal of significantly improving cardiovascular health by the year 2020. The association of Life's Simple 7 with risk of peripheral artery disease has not been thoroughly explored.
Methods: Racially diverse individuals from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2012) were followed for incident peripheral artery disease (ankle brachial index ≤0. Read More
Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
Recent definitions of malnutrition include low muscle mass within its diagnostic criteria. In fact, malnutrition is one of the main risk factors of skeletal muscle loss contributing to the onset of sarcopenia. However, differences in the screening and diagnosis of skeletal muscle loss, especially as a result of malnutrition in clinical and community settings, still occur mainly as techniques and thresholds used vary in clinical practice. Read More
Patient Educ Couns 2018 May 20. Epub 2018 May 20.
Reaching for High Value Care Team, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Objective: To create a shared vision for the content, delivery, measurement, and sustainment of patient-centered high value care.
Methods: We performed a scoping review and translated findings into toolkit for system leaders. For our scoping review, we searched Medline, 2005-November 2015, for literature on patient-centered care (PCC) and its relationship to a high value care change model. Read More
Neurologia 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institut Guttmann, Institut Universitari de Neurorehabilitació adscrit a la UAB, Badalona, Barcelona, España; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, España; Fundació Institut d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, España.
Introduction: Many studies have described the presence of difficulty processing and generating social behaviour in patients who have suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI). These difficulties in social cognition (SC) deteriorate personal relationships in the family, at work, or in the community. However, therapeutic programmes aiming to improve SC continue to be an outstanding issue in clinical practice. Read More
Environ Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Unit of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics in Infections and Cancer, IDIBELL, Catalan Institute of Oncology, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:
Background: Alkylphenolic compounds are chemicals with endocrine disrupting properties that have been widely used in industry with important changes in their usage over time. Few epidemiologic studies have evaluated the effect of alkylphenolic compounds on human health.
Objectives: We investigated whether occupational exposure to alkylphenolic compounds is associated with breast and prostate cancer. Read More
Addict Behav 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Department of Behavioral and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 4200 Valley Road, Suite 1242, MD 20742, USA.
The increased consumption of tobacco products in recent years has been linked, among other factors, to the presence of added flavors. Although flavors are important in explaining consumption, their effects in the brain have until now been unexplored. In the present study, we investigated how electrophysiology can serve to dissociate the effects of nicotine and flavor. Read More
Gac Sanit 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Dirección General de Salud Pública, Conselleria de Sanitat Universal i Salut Pública, Valencia, España.
This paper describes the beginning of the implementation process of the health impact assessment in the Valencian Community (Spain), as an instrument to incorporate the framework of social determinants and health inequalities in the policies issued by the different departments of the Valencian government. The proposal involves: 1) political commitment, with legislative and strategic planning actions; 2) the creation of structures to allow intersectoral collaboration, with the establishment of the health impact assessment commission and the intersectoral technical committee; and 3) the design and validation of a tool for the simplified health impact assessment of non-health policies adapted to the Valencian Community. We highlight the importance of the participatory methodology used in the whole process and the potential of the health impact assessment for the development of public policies oriented to improve health and equity. Read More
Drug Discov Today Technol 2018 Dec 8;30:35-46. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AJ, UK. Electronic address:
The field of targeted therapeutics has benefitted immeasurably from the development of high-affinity antibodies. These important ligands have facilitated the development of effective therapies, particularly when conjugated to potent cytotoxic payloads i.e. Read More
Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Dec 27;30:73-78. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Laboratoire « Signalisation Fonctionnelle des Canaux Ioniques et Récepteurs » (SiFCIR), UPRES-EA2647 USC INRA 1330, SFR 4207 QUASAV, UFR Sciences, Université d'Angers, 2 Bld Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France. Electronic address:
Insecticides were used as pest management tools for a long time. The appearance of resistant insects has led the scientific community to rethink their use and to study the mechanisms underlying the resistance in order to circumvent it. However, we know now that sublethal doses of insecticide induce many effects which should be taken into account for pest control. Read More
J Biomech 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States.
Falls are common and potentially disastrous for older adults. A novel approach that could augment current fall prevention procedures is to teach older adults movement strategies to reduce the risk of injury. The purpose of the study was to determine whether older adults can learn a movement strategy ("tuck-and-roll") that reduces fall impact severity. Read More
Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Jan;3(1):14
Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 10;206:389-395. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Whistler Center for Carbohydrate Research and Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA. Electronic address:
Xyloglucans and pectic polymers can be obtained from a variety of plants ubiquitous in the human diet, however, their fermentability in the colon and consequent nutritional benefits are poorly understood. Here, we evaluated metabolite profiles and bacterial shifts during in vitro fecal fermentations of two isolated pectic polymers and a xyloglucan. Depending on their chemical structure, pectic polymers were more acetogenic or propiogenic. Read More
Can J Urol 2018 Dec;25(6):9585-9590
University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, Vermont, USA.
Introduction: Renal colic is commonly seen in the emergency department (ED), where the focus is on diagnosis and symptom control. Educational materials are sometimes provided upon discharge, however, no standard content has been established. We characterized the educational materials given to patients reporting to EDs in different regions across the U. Read More
Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.
Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.
Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 12;170:418-426. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuan Ming Yuan West Road, Hai Dian District, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:
Vermicomposting of livestock manure using housefly larvae is a promising biotechnology for waste reduction and control of antibiotic pollution. Monensin (MON), an ionophore polyether antibiotic (IPA), is widely used in broiler feed to control coccidiosis. However, MON residues in litter have become a major source of pollution in the environment. Read More
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2018 Dec 8;56:28-35. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. Electronic address:
Objective: This study investigated patient- and area-level characteristics associated with adolescent emergency department (ED) patients' risk of subsequent ED visits for self-harm.
Method: Retrospective analysis of adolescent patients presenting to a California ED in 2010 (n = 480,706) was conducted using statewide, all-payer, individually linkable administrative data. We examined associations between multiple predictors of interest (patient sociodemographic factors, prior ED utilization, and residential mobility; and area-level characteristics) and odds of a self-harm ED visit in 2010. Read More
Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 6;221:9-18. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Institute for Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Cash transfer programmes form an integral part of nutrition, health, and social protection policies worldwide, but the mechanisms through which they achieve their health and nutritional impacts are incompletely understood. We present results from a process evaluation of a combined participatory women's groups and cash transfer programme to improve low birth weight in rural Nepal. We explored the ways in which context, implementation, and mechanism of the intervention affected beneficiary women's agency over cash transfers. Read More
J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Athens, Georgia, USA. Electronic address:
Objectives: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the leading causes of nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Treatment of those infections with macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin (MLS) antibiotics has led to resistance to those antibiotics through various mechanisms. S. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 7;274:447-458. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China; School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Qilu Institute of Technology, Jinan 250022, China.
Electric biological integration reactor (EBIR) was designed and built for the treatment of wastewater containing ibuprofen. This study evaluates the removal performance of EBIR by comparison with biological aerated filter (BAF), while also discussing the optimal operational parameters of EBIR within the context of the response surface methodology. The results indicate that EBIR exhibits higher average removal rates of ibuprofen, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and NH-N, i. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 3;274:418-424. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
The risks that have not been noted so far have come from the use of non-antibiotics. In this study, non-antibiotic drug (cyromazine) was used in composting to investigate its possible effects on the distribution of ARGs and changes of bacterial community. Results showed that cyromazine increased the abundances of highly-risky ARGs (bla and bla), and heavy metal resistance genes (MRGs). Read More
Neuroimage 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Centre for Medical Image Computing and Dept of Computer Science, University College London, London, UK.
To date, numerical simulations of the brain tissue have been limited by their lack of realism and flexibility. The purpose of this work is to propose a controlled and flexible generative model for brain cell morphology and an efficient computational pipeline for the reliable and robust simulation of realistic cellular structures with application to numerical simulation of intra-cellular diffusion-weighted MR (DW-MR) signal features. Inspired by the advances in computational neuroscience for modelling brain cells, we propose a generative model that enables users to simulate molecular diffusion within realistic digital brain cells, such as neurons, in a completely controlled and flexible fashion. Read More
Neuroimage 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Center for Biomedical Imaging Research, Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:
Reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF), one of the major metrics for cerebral perfusion, is associated with many brain disorders. Therefore, early characterization of CBF prior to occurrence of symptoms is essential for prevention of cerebral ischemic disorders. We hypothesized that large artery atherosclerosis might be a potential indicator for decline in cerebral perfusion. Read More