516,859 results match your criteria Communicative & integrative biology[Journal]


Educational needs for new graduate nurses in Korea.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Dec 5;34:167-172. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Hellen hall, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03760, South Korea. Electronic address:

New nursing graduates often experience difficulty adjusting to clinical work environments, despite completing well-structured education programs. This study explored the educational needs of recent nursing graduates from the perspectives of new nurses and their clinical educators in Korea. Four focus-group interviews with 7 nurse educators and 8 new nurses were conducted. Read More

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December 2018

Delays in the reading and spelling of children with cerebral palsy: Associations with phonological and visual processes.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 12;85:131-142. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, United Kingdom.

Background: This investigation addresses the question of whether there exists a significant discrepancy in the cognitive abilities of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who, despite the presence of age appropriate communication and language, have reading and spelling delays.

Aims: We wanted to discover whether there was a relationship between the phonological and visual perceptual abilities of children with CP and their progress in reading and spelling.

Methods And Procedures: Fifteen children with CP (aged between 6:9 years and 11:6 years) were assessed on reading and spelling; communication and language; non-verbal reasoning; phonological processing; and visual perception. Read More

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December 2018

Program implementer perspectives replicating evidence based sexual reproductive health programs.

Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.

Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More

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December 2018

Home monitoring with IT-supported specialist management versus home monitoring alone in patients with heart failure: Design and baseline results of the SUPPORT-HF 2 randomized trial.

Authors:

Am Heart J 2018 Sep 25;208:55-64. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, 1st Floor, Hayes House, 75 George St, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives: SUPPORT-HF 2 tests the hypothesis that home monitoring with information technology-supported specialist management is more effective in optimizing medical therapy than is home monitoring alone for patients with heart failure.

Methods And Results: The study was designed as a 2-armed partially blinded parallel randomized controlled trial. Seven sites in the United Kingdom (UK) recruited a total of 202 adults with heart failure at high risk of adverse outcomes and with potential to benefit from remote management (mean age 73 years, 28% female, median left ventricular ejection fraction 37%). Read More

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September 2018
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The longitudinal effects of military spouses' concern and behaviors over partner drinking on relationship functioning.

Alcohol 2018 Jul 17;76:29-36. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, United States.

Among those in close relationships, the perception that one's partner has a drinking problem is more strongly related to detriments in relationship quality than are the actual rates of the partner's drinking. The current study extends this work by examining the effects of this perception on relationship functioning longitudinally and whether this association is mediated by changes in how one behaves in response to their partner's drinking. Spouses and partners of military service members who were concerned about their partner's drinking (n = 234) completed a baseline survey and a follow-up assessment five months later. Read More

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Medical populism.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 7;221:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Canberra, Australia. Electronic address:

Medical emergencies are staple features of today's 24/7 culture of breaking news. As politics becomes increasingly stylised, audiences fragmented, and established knowledge claims contested, health crises have become even more vulnerable to politicisation. We offer the vocabulary of medical populism to make sense of this phenomenon. Read More

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December 2018

Color-sensitive and spectrometer-free plasmonic sensor for biosensing applications.

Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Dec 7;126:743-750. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology (DGIST), Daegu 42988, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

A color-sensitive and spectrometer-free sensing method using plasmonic nanohole arrays and the color components, L* , a* , and b* , of the CIELAB defined by the international commission on illumination (CIE) is introduced for the analysis of optically transparent materials in the visible range. Spectral analysis based on plasmonic nanoparticles or nanostructures can be applied to real-time bio-detection, but complex optical instrumentations and low spatial resolution have limited the sensing ability. Therefore, we take an advantage of color image processing instead of spectral analysis which induces the distinctive color information of plasmonic nanohole arrays with different transparent materials. Read More

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December 2018

Effective communication in the era of precision medicine: A pilot intervention with low health literacy patients to improve genetic counseling communication.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States.

Effective communication, where all parties share a common understanding, is necessary to realize the promise of Genomic Medicine. It is especially salient given the imperative to increase the participation of diverse populations in genomics research and to expand the reach of clinical genomics. We have previously shown that cancer genetic counseling is suboptimal for patients with limited health literacy. Read More

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December 2018

Nano-based smart pesticide formulations: Emerging opportunities for agriculture.

J Control Release 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-Ro, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The incorporation of nanotechnology as a means for nanopesticides is in the early stage of development. The main idea behind this incorporation is to lower the indiscriminate use of conventional pesticides to be in line with safe environmental applications. Nanoencapsulated pesticides can provide controlled release kinetics, while efficiently enhancing permeability, stability, and solubility. Read More

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December 2018

A Potential Mechanistic Role for Neuroinflammation in Reward Processing Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA; Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA. Electronic address:

Accumulating evidence suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be conceptualized within a framework of reward processing impairments. The "Social Motivation Theory of Autism" posits that reduced motivation to interact with people and decreased pleasure derived from social interactions may derail typical social development and contribute to the emergence of core social communication deficits in ASD. Neuroinflammation may disrupt the development of mesolimbic dopaminergic systems that are critical for optimal functioning of social reward processing systems. Read More

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December 2018

Women's perspectives about cannabis use during pregnancy and the postpartum period: An integrative review.

Prev Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among general and pregnant populations. Despite recommendations to abstain from cannabis use, its use is increasing during the perinatal period. In this integrative review, we aim to understand women's perspectives about the health aspects of perinatal cannabis use. Read More

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December 2018

Motivational interviewing increases autopsy rates.

Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Nov 2;148:w14679. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Medicine, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Switzerland.

Background: Autopsies are a crucial source of medical knowledge. Unfortunately, autopsy rates have decreased markedly in Switzerland and many other countries. Communication between clinicians and the deceased’s sceptical relatives is crucial to obtain autopsy permission. Read More

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November 2018

Patients' experiences and perspectives of challenges and needs related to non-myeloablative stem cell transplantation: involving patients in developing a targeted rehabilitation programme.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Public Health, Section for Clinical Social Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Aims And Objectives: To explore patients' experiences and perspectives of their challenges and needs regarding their return to everyday life after allogeneic non-myeloablative haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NMA-HSCT).

Background: NMA-HSCT can cure patients with malignant blood diseases, but during the following years the majority of patients suffer from serious side effects and complications. Hence, it is a major challenge for patients treated with NMA-HSCT to rehabilitate, maintain physical and psychosocial functioning and return to a life in restored balance. Read More

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December 2018
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Cortical interlaminar astrocytes across the therian mammal radiation.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA.

Interlaminar astrocytes (ILA) in the cerebral cortex possess a soma in layer I and extend an interlaminar process that runs perpendicular to the pia into deeper cortical layers. We examined cerebral cortex from 46 species that encompassed most orders of therian mammalians, including 22 primate species. We described two distinct cell types with interlaminar processes that have been referred to as ILA, that we termed pial ILA and supial ILA. Read More

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December 2018

Media Psychological Reflections on the Organizational Framework of Sexual Media's Influence on Users' Short- vs. Long-Term Sexual Quality.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Parkstraat 45, 3000, Louvain, Belgium.

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December 2018

Gender Stereotypes and Preconception Health: Men's and Women's Expectations of Responsibility and Intentions to Engage in Preventive Behaviors.

Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA.

Introduction As mounting evidence underscores the importance of both men and women taking steps before pregnancy to improve reproductive outcomes, public health priorities are shifting toward a more gender-inclusive program of promoting preconception health (PCH). This study examined whether prescriptive gender stereotypes, defined as men's and women's beliefs about PCH behavioral norms each gender should uphold, were positively associated with intentions to engage in behaviors to protect a future child's health. Methods Data came from a June 2017 online survey of 609 U. Read More

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December 2018

Power and phase coherence in sensorimotor mu and temporal lobe alpha components during covert and overt syllable production.

Exp Brain Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Ave, Washington, DC, USA.

The sensorimotor dorsal stream is known to activate in both overt and covert speech production. However, overt production produces sensory consequences that are absent during covert production. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to investigate differences in dorsal stream activity between these two production conditions across the time course of utterances. Read More

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December 2018

Portraits of communication in neuronal networks.

Nat Rev Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Bernstein Center Freiburg, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

The brain is organized as a network of highly specialized networks of spiking neurons. To exploit such a modular architecture for computation, the brain has to be able to regulate the flow of spiking activity between these specialized networks. In this Opinion article, we review various prominent mechanisms that may underlie communication between neuronal networks. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring patient safety in Swedish specialised home healthcare: an interview study with multidisciplinary teams and clinical managers.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024068. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Home healthcare is the fastest growing arena in the healthcare system but patient safety research in this context is limited. The aim was to explore how patient safety in Swedish specialised home healthcare is described and adressed from multidisciplinary teams' and clinical managers' perspectives.

Design: An explorative qualitative study. Read More

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December 2018

Patient-Reported Toxicities During Chemotherapy Regimens in Current Clinical Practice for Early Breast Cancer.

Oncologist 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Background: This study explores the incidence of patient-reported major toxicity-symptoms rated "moderate," "severe," or "very severe"-for chemotherapy regimens commonly used in early breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: Female patients aged 21 years or older completed a validated Patient-Reported Symptom Monitoring instrument and rated 17 symptoms throughout adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Fisher's exact tests compared differences in percentages in symptom ratings, and general linear regression was used to model the incidence of patient-reported major toxicity. Read More

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December 2018

IP receptors - lessons from analyses .

J Cell Sci 2018 Dec 14;132(4). Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IPRs) are widely expressed intracellular channels that release Ca from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We review how studies of IPRs removed from their intracellular environment (''), alongside similar analyses of ryanodine receptors, have contributed to understanding IPR behaviour. Analyses of permeabilized cells have demonstrated that the ER is the major intracellular Ca store, and that IP stimulates Ca release from this store. Read More

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December 2018

Circulating Exosomal miR-20b-5p is Elevated in Type 2 Diabetes and Could Impair Insulin Action in Human Skeletal Muscle.

Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden,

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs representing an important class of gene expression modulators. Extracellular circulating miRNAs are both candidate biomarkers for disease pathogenesis and mediators of cell-to-cell communication. We examined the miRNA expression profile of total serum and serum derived exosome-enriched extracellular vesicles in people with normal glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric Web-Based Chat Services for Caregivers of Children: Descriptive Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e10165. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Pediatric Research Center, New Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Pediatric physician-led Web-based chat services offer a novel, low-threshold communication channel between caregivers and physicians.

Objective: Our aim was to describe chat conversations between caregivers and physicians in a Web-based chat service to determine the factors that should be considered when planning a similar chat service. We also aimed to evaluate whether caregivers considered the consultations helpful, whether physicians considered they could answer caregivers' questions, and whether further face-to-face medical contact was needed. Read More

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December 2018

Use of Mobile Devices to Help Cancer Patients Meet Their Information Needs in Non-Inpatient Settings: Systematic Review.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 14;6(12):e10026. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Population Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

Background: The shift from inpatient to outpatient cancer care means that patients are now required to manage their condition at home, away from regular supervision by clinicians. Subsequently, research has consistently reported that many patients with cancer have unmet information needs during their illness. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones and tablet computers, provide an opportunity to deliver information to patients remotely. Read More

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December 2018

Creating Gameful Design in mHealth: A Participatory Co-Design Approach.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 14;6(12):e11579. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Center for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research, Division of Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Gameful designs (gamification), using design pieces and concepts typically found in the world of games, is a promising approach to increase users' engagement with, and adherence to, electronic health and mobile health (mHealth) tools. Even though both identifying and addressing users' requirements and needs are important steps of designing information technology tools, little is known about the users' requirements and preferences for gameful designs in the context of self-management of chronic conditions.

Objective: This study aimed to present findings as well as the applied methods and design activities from a series of participatory design workshops with patients with chronic conditions, organized to generate and explore user needs, preferences, and ideas to the implementation of gameful designs in an mHealth self-management app. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of community pharmacist intervention on concurrent benzodiazepine and opioid prescribing patterns.

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Objectives: (1) To evaluate the number of opioid/benzodiazepine (BZD) prescription changes resulting from pharmacist communication to prescriber(s); (2) to determine the number of patients on concurrent opioid/BZD therapy from single versus multiple prescribers; (3) to compare the number of opioid/BZD prescription changes resulting from communication when a single versus multiple prescribers was involved in a patient's care; and (4) to compare the number of opioid/BZD prescription changes resulting from communication via fax versus the Kansas Health Information Network (KHIN) direct messaging feature.

Methods: Prospective study conducted at 13 community pharmacies, including patients 18 years of age or older simultaneously filling opioid and BZD prescriptions within 90 days before October 2017. Prescribers received faxed or KHIN communication proposing evidence-based prescription changes to opioid/BZD agents. Read More

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December 2018

Cortical networks are disturbed in people with cirrhosis even in the absence of neuropsychometric impairment.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

UCL Institute for Liver & Digestive Health, Division of Medicine, Royal Free Campus, University College London, Hampstead, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis; it is characterised by neuropsychometric/neurophysiological abnormalities. Its pathophysiology is complex but glial neuronal communication is likely to be disrupted and to impact on oscillatory networks and cortical connectivity. The aim of this study was to use multichannel electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate functional connectivity, as a surrogate for cortical networks, in patients with cirrhosis. Read More

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November 2018

Redesigning primary care in the safety net: A qualitative analysis of team-based care implementation.

Healthc (Amst) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of California San Francisco, Center for Vulnerable Populations, Division of General Internal Medicine, United States.

Background: Team-based care is an innovative approach to primary care in which groups of health care professionals work collaboratively to manage care for groups of patients. Safety-net organizations face specific barriers to implementing health care innovations. More research is needed that documents the dynamics that inform implementation and sustainment of innovative practices in the safety net. Read More

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December 2018

The International Nutrition Care Process and Terminology Implementation Survey: Towards a Global Evaluation Tool to Assess Individual Practitioner Implementation in Multiple Countries and Languages.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Background: The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and NCP Terminology (NCPT) is a systematic framework for critical thinking, decision making, and communication for dietetics practitioners worldwide, aiming to improve quality and patient safety in nutrition care. Although dietetics practitioners in several countries have implemented the NCP/NCPT during recent years, to date there is no globally validated instrument for the evaluation of NCP/NCPT implementation that is available in different languages and applicable across cultures and countries.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and test a survey instrument in several languages to capture information at different stages of NCP/NCPT implementation across countries and cultures. Read More

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December 2018

Patient and provider characteristics associated with communication about opioids: An observational study.

Patient Educ Couns 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA; Regenstrief Institute, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA; Department of Communication Studies, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA; Center for Health Information and Communication, Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Objective: Our objective is to examine the relationship of patient and provider characteristics and communication with chronic non-cancer pain and opioid management in primary care.

Method: We conducted an observational study using audio-recorded primary care appointments (up to 3/patient) and self-reported assessments of primary care providers (PCPs) and patients. We coded visit transcripts for 1) opioid and pain management talk and 2) mental health and opioid safety talk. Read More

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December 2018

A nurse-driven method for developing artificial intelligence in "smart" homes for aging-in-place.

Nurs Outlook 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Nursing & Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus, Perth, Australia.

Objectives: To offer practical guidance to nurse investigators interested in multidisciplinary research that includes assisting in the development of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms for "smart" health management and aging-in-place.

Methods: Ten health-assistive Smart Homes were deployed to chronically ill older adults from 2015 to 2018. Data were collected using five sensor types (infrared motion, contact, light, temperature, and humidity). Read More

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November 2018

Sociality and communicative complexity: insights from the other insect societies.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Aug 10;28:19-25. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Institute of Insect Biotechnology, University of Gießen, 35392 Gießen, Germany. Electronic address:

Recognition and communication are essential processes when it comes to interaction of organisms with their biotic environment. As especially social interactions are coordinated by communication, it has been predicted that social evolution drives communicative complexity. However, studies comparing olfactory signals or receptor repertoires of solitary and eusocial insects found only mixed evidence for the social complexity hypothesis. Read More

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Designing messages for fluorosis mitigation behavior change: Role of message framing and perceived risk.

Health Mark Q 2018 Dec 14:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Marketing Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) , Anand , Gujarat , India.

This article describes the research to develop message for fluorosis behavior change communication campaign. Using a posttest only with control experiment the study investigates the impact of perceived risk associated with advocated behavior (RISK-AB) and perceived risk associated with existing behavior (RISK-EB) on the effectiveness of framed fluorosis messages. Findings suggest that positive-frame is more appropriate when RISK-AB is high and RISK-EB is low or RISK-AB is low and RISK-EB is high or both RISK-AB and RISK-EB are low. Read More

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December 2018

What Skills Do Clinical Evaluators Value Most In Oral Case Presentations?

Teach Learn Med 2018 Dec 14:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

b Department of Surgery , University of North Dakota School of Medicine and the Health Sciences , Grand Forks , North Dakota , USA.

Phenomenon: Trainees and practicing physicians are judged by the way that they present patients. We therefore invest heavily in teaching students how to do oral case presentations (OCPs), but the relative weights by which different aspects of these complex tasks contributes to an overall evaluation is poorly understood. Approach: We sought to contrast how clinical evaluators assess students' OCPs and how medical students expect OCPs to be evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Relay-Assisted D2D Transmission for Mobile Health Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Communication and Information Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, China.

Relay-assisted Device-to-Device (D2D) communication, one of the important transmission modes in mobile health systems, can provide high transmission quality for servicing users at the edge of system coverage. However, the quality of the D2D relay communication is largely limited by the relay nodes. When a poor node is selected to assist the source node in the data transmission, it is likely to result in the loss of medical data and inaccurate transmission. Read More

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December 2018

Current Research and New Perspectives of Telemedicine in Chronic Heart Failure: Narrative Review and Points of Interest for the Clinician.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 13;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Equipe de recherche EA 4662 "Nanomédecine, Imagerie, Thérapeutiques", Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), 25200 Belfort-Montbéliard, France.

Background: This is a narrative review of both the literature and Internet pertaining to telemedicine projects within the field of heart failure, with special attention placed on remote monitoring of second-generation projects and trials, particularly in France.

Results: Since the beginning of the 2000's, several telemedicine projects and trials focused on chronic heart failure have been developed. The first telemedicine projects (e. Read More

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December 2018

Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Computer Science, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland.

Many domains are trying to integrate with the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem, such as public administrations starting smart city initiatives all over the world. Cities are becoming smart in many ways: smart mobility, smart buildings, smart environment and so on. However, the problem of non-interoperability in the IoT hinders the seamless communication between all kinds of IoT devices. Read More

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December 2018

Experiences and Values of Latinos with End Stage Renal Disease: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies.

Nephrol Nurs J 2016 Nov-Dec;43(6):479-493

Associate Professor, Division of General Internal Medicine University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, C.

Patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) experience a high symptom burden and poor quality of life as part of their advanced illness. Latinos experience a higher prevalence of ESRD compared to non-Latino whites; however, they are underrepresented in existing ESRD literature. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies that include Latino patients with ESRD and their caregivers in the United States. Read More

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December 2018

Communication - The Most Basic of Nursing Skills.

Authors:
Beth Ulrich

Nephrol Nurs J 2016 Sep-Oct;43(5):375-450

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December 2018

Patient Handoffs: What They Are and How They Contribute to Patient Safety.

Authors:
Tamara M Kear

Nephrol Nurs J 2016 Jul-Aug;43(4):339-342

Assistant Professor of Nursing, Villanova University, Villanova, PA.

Communication and patient handoffs during transitions in care have been increasingly investigated due to their relationships with patient safety, quality of care, and efficiency. Handoffs occur at two points in the delivery of nursing care: nurse transitions in care and patient transitions in care. This article explores the accepted definitions, best practices, and evidence related to patient handoffs and patient safety. Read More

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December 2018

The nurse's role in caring for people with dementia.

Nurs Times 2016 Aug;112(27-28):20-23

This final article in a four-part series on dementia focuses on the nurse's role in managing dementia and highlights the importance of communication skills in providing high-quality care. It also discusses treatment options, such as medication and ensuring the patient's nutritional needs are met, as well as the importance of dealing sensitively with behavioural problems that may mask pain or emotional difficulties. Finally, it explains how the care environment can make a huge difference to the lives of people with dementia, where aspects such as clear signage and assistive technology can contribute to dignity and quality of life. Read More

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Oral Radiographic Evidence of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in an End-Stage Renal Failure Patient: A Case Report.

Northwest Dent 2017 Mar;96(2):33-37

Background: The authors report a case of a 42-year-old woman with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) undergoing dialysis therapy with the relative loss of tooth root lamina dura and several mandibular radiolucencies. Secondary hyperparathyroidism related to End Stage Renal Disease may result in the loss of bone density and radiolucent lesions, which has been previously described as Brown tumor. Findings significant for hyperparathyroidism may befound on routine dental imaging. Read More

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Can caring be taught?.

Authors:
Sonia Hawke-Eder

Nurs N Z 2017 Apr;23(3):23-25

Is caring innate, or can it be taught, like other essential nursing attributes such as communication? Read More

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Improving relationships in the workplace.

Authors:
Anne Manchester

Nurs N Z 2017 Apr;23(3):22

In a stressful working environment, nurses need tools to help them develop healthy relationships and good communication. Read More

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Using tDCS to facilitate motor learning in speech production: The role of timing.

Cortex 2018 Nov 19;111:274-285. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Burke Medical Research Institute, Edith Cowan University and Weill Cornell Medicine, White Plains, NY, USA; Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

There exists debate regarding the extent to which transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can affect or enhance human behavior. Here, we examined a previously unexplored domain: speech motor learning. We investigated whether speech motor learning in unimpaired participants can be enhanced using a single-session tDCS experiment, and investigated whether the timing of tDCS relative to a behavioral task affected performance. Read More

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November 2018

Antitumor effect of chondroitin AC lyase (PsPL8A) from Pedobacter saltans on melanoma and fibrosarcoma cell lines by in vitro analysis.

Pharmacol Rep 2018 Oct 25;71(1):167-174. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India. Electronic address:

Background: PGs are involved in cellular communication and cancer biology. The role of CS in melanoma and fibrosarcoma cell lines was explored by using chondroitin AC lyase (PsPL8A).

Methods: The proliferation of mouse fibroblast L929, human melanoma (SK-Mel 28) and fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) cell lines after treatment with chondroitin AC lyase (PsPL8A) was studied by MTT assay. Read More

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October 2018

A randomized controlled trial to test efficacy of digital enhancements of storybooks in support of narrative comprehension and word learning.

J Exp Child Psychol 2018 Dec 11;179:212-226. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Education, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1053 Budapest, Hungary; Department of Language, Literature and Communication, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Arts and Education, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway.

Experiments with film-like story presentations have been found to be beneficial in supporting children's story comprehension and word learning. The main goal of the current study was to disentangle the effects of visual and auditory enhancements in digital books. Participants were 99 typically developing children (41 boys and 58 girls) aged 4-6 years from two public kindergartens in Bursa, Turkey. Read More

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December 2018

Sexuality, a topic that surgeons should discuss with women before risk-reducing mastectomy and breast reconstruction.

Breast 2018 Dec 6;43:120-122. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, the Netherlands.

While sexual health is an important aspect of quality of life, sexual issues usually go unaddressed during patient-provider communication. Breast cancer treatments and specifically breast surgery impact women's sexual well-being. However, women do not receive adequate information on this subject. Read More

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December 2018

A Survey of Mohs Tissue Tracking Practices.

Dermatol Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: There are little data regarding error within the multistep process of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS).

Objective: A survey of Mohs surgeons was performed to evaluate variation in tissue handling and processing within the MMS process.

Methods And Materials: A 9-question electronic survey was distributed to members of the American College of Mohs Micrographic Surgery. Read More

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December 2018
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Health Optimization Program for Elders: Improving the Transition From Hospital to Skilled Nursing Facility.

J Nurs Care Qual 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Medicine (Drs Krol, Jolly Graham, and White and Mr English), Center for Advanced Clinical Practice (Ms Allen), and Duke University School of Nursing (Ms Matters), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Individuals discharged from the hospital to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) experience high rates of unplanned hospital readmission, indicating opportunity for improvement in transitional care.

Local Problem: Local physicians providing care in SNFs were not associated with the discharging hospital health care system. As a result, substantive real-time communication between hospital and SNF physicians was not occurring. Read More

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December 2018
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