528,923 results match your criteria Communicative & integrative biology[Journal]


Impact of Deployment on Reproductive Health in U.S. Active-Duty Servicewomen and Veterans.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):361-370. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Informatics, Decision Enhancement, and Analytic Sciences (IDEAS) Center, VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Reproductive-age women are a fast-growing component of active-duty military personnel who experience deployment and combat more frequently than previous service-era women Veterans. With the expansion of the number of women and their roles, the United States Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs have prioritized development and integration of reproductive services into their health systems. Thus, understanding associations between deployments or combat exposures and short- or long-term adverse reproductive health outcomes is imperative for policy and programmatic development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678749DOI Listing
November 2018

Examining Performance on a Process-Based Assessment of Word Learning in Relation to Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning in Vocabulary Intervention.

Semin Speech Lang 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Vocabulary knowledge of young children, as a well-established predictor of later reading comprehension, is an important domain for assessment and intervention. Standardized, knowledge-based measures are commonly used by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to describe existing vocabulary knowledge and to provide comparisons to same-age peers. Process-based assessments of word learning can be helpful to provide information about how children may respond to learning opportunities and to inform treatment decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688447DOI Listing

Computerized intervention to prevent drug use among at-risk adolescents in Central Asia: Preliminary family-level findings from a pilot mixed methods trial.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Apr 16;68:75-85. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Global Health Research Center of Central Asia (GHRCCA), Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Background: The rapidly growing rates of HIV infection in Kazakhstan are largely driven by injection drug use. The study adapts a family-focused evidence-based HIV and substance use prevention intervention for at-risk adolescents from communities in Almaty that have been greatly affected by heroin trade and use.

Methods: This NIDA-funded pilot feasibility trial included 181 at-risk adolescents (ages 14-17) recruited through local schools and 181 of their parents or other adult family members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Nurse anesthetists' preferences for anesthesiologists' participation in patient care at a large teaching hospital.

J Clin Anesth 2019 Apr 16;57:131-138. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, United States of America.

Study Objective: Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) can evaluate anesthesiologists with whom they work clinically using a psychometrically reliable and valid scale. Use of such a scale to evaluate performance depends on knowing thresholds for minimum and ideal anesthesiologist performance.

Design: Cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2019.04.018DOI Listing

Submucosal mucoid as a late complication after appendectomy-A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 5;58:37-40. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Radiological Department, Klatovy Hospital, Plzeňská 929, 339 01, Klatovy II, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Shortly after an operation infection, intraabdominal abscess, seroma, haemorrhage or development of paralytic ileus may occur. Postoperative adhesions, nonspecific abdominal pain without signs of obstruction, incisional hernia and appendicitis or mucocele in appendiceal stump present common late complications. We present a unique case of a late complication after appendectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.051DOI Listing

Genetic factors and therapy outcomes in persistent developmental stuttering.

J Commun Disord 2019 Apr 5;80:11-17. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 35A Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: We investigated whether outcomes of therapy for persistent developmental stuttering differ in individuals who carry a mutation in one of the known genes associated with stuttering compared to individuals without such mutations.

Method: We studied outcomes of an intensive fluency shaping-based therapy program in individuals with persistent developmental stuttering. We evaluated a cohort of 51 stuttering individuals with who carried a mutation in either the GNPTAB, GNPTG, NAGPA, or AP4E1 gene. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219924183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mother-infant interactions with firstborns and secondborns: A within-family study of European Americans.

Infant Behav Dev 2019 Apr 16;55:100-111. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK.

Given the large numbers of families with more than one child, understanding similarities and differences in siblings' behaviors and in parents' interactions with their sibling infants is an important goal for advancing more representative developmental science. This study employed a within-family design to examine mean-level consistency and individual-order agreement in 5-month-old sibling behaviors and maternal parenting practices with their firstborns and secondborns (ns = 61 mothers and 122 infants). Each infant was seen independently with mother. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2019.03.009DOI Listing

The frequency of referent objects influences expectations about label length.

Authors:
Tibor Tauzin

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 16;196:70-74. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Cognitive Science Department, Central European University, Október 6. u. 7, H-1051 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:

Earlier studies suggest that word length is influenced by the linguistic context to be precise and concise at the same time. The present study investigates whether the referential-situational context can also have an effect on the expected length of words. To test this assumption a salient property of the situational context, that is, the frequency of the unfamiliar referents was varied. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Lung cancer-derived extracellular vesicles induced myotube atrophy and adipocyte lipolysis via the extracellular IL-6-mediated STAT3 pathway.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pathogenic Biology, School of Basic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, China. Electronic address:

Cancer-associated cachexia (CAC) constitutes a metabolic dysfunction characterized by systemic inflammation and body weight loss. Muscle atrophy and adipose tissue lipolysis might explain weight loss in CAC. Specific functions of numerous hormones and cytokines derived from tumours can provoke cachexia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbalip.2019.04.006DOI Listing

A Graph-based Approach for Characterizing Resident and Nurse Handoff Conversations.

J Biomed Inform 2019 Apr 16:103178. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Anesthesiology & Institute for Informatics, School of Medicine, Washington University in St Louis, St. Louis, MO.

Prior research has used a variety of qualitative and quantitative approaches for studying handoff communication. Due to the dynamic and interactive nature of handoffs, characterizing the structure and content of these conversations is challenging. In this paper, we use a graph-based approach to characterize handoff communication as a conversation network. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15320464193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103178DOI Listing
April 2019
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Blood-to-brain communication in the hypothalamus for energy intake regulation.

Neurochem Int 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara ,634-8521, Japan.

The arcuate nucleus (Arc) integrates circulating hormonal and metabolic signals to control energy expenditure and intake. One of the most important routes that enables the Arc to sense circulating molecules is through the median eminence (ME), which lacks a typical blood-brain barrier. However, the mechanism by which circulating molecules reach the Arc neurons remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2019.04.007DOI Listing

An electrophysiological investigation of orthographic spatial integration in reading.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Aix-Marseille University & CNRS, France.

During reading, word recognition speed is influenced by the amount of orthographic overlap with surrounding words. The nature of this phenomenon is not understood: some theories attribute it to low-level visual operations (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.009DOI Listing

Medical prescribing and antibiotic resistance: A game-theoretic analysis of a potentially catastrophic social dilemma.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215480. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

The availability of antibiotics presents medical practitioners with a prescribing dilemma. On the one hand, antibiotics provide a safe and effective treatment option for patients with bacterial infections, but at a population level, over-prescription reduces their effectiveness by facilitating the evolution of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotic medication. A game-theoretic investigation, including analysis of equilibrium strategies, evolutionarily stability, and replicator dynamics, reveals that rational doctors, motivated to attain the best outcomes for their own patients, will prescribe antibiotics irrespective of the level of antibiotic resistance in the population and the behavior of other doctors, although they would achieve better long-term outcomes if their prescribing were more restrained. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215480PLOS

Stability of working memory in continuous attractor networks under the control of short-term plasticity.

PLoS Comput Biol 2019 Apr 19;15(4):e1006928. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Computer and Communication Sciences and School of Life Sciences, Brain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Continuous attractor models of working-memory store continuous-valued information in continuous state-spaces, but are sensitive to noise processes that degrade memory retention. Short-term synaptic plasticity of recurrent synapses has previously been shown to affect continuous attractor systems: short-term facilitation can stabilize memory retention, while short-term depression possibly increases continuous attractor volatility. Here, we present a comprehensive description of the combined effect of both short-term facilitation and depression on noise-induced memory degradation in one-dimensional continuous attractor models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006928DOI Listing

Song-feature specific analysis of isolate song reveals interspecific variation in learned components.

Dev Neurobiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Utah.

Studies of avian vocal development without exposure to conspecific song have been conducted in many passerine species, and the resultant isolate song is often interpreted to represent an expression of the genetic code for conspecific song. There is wide recognition that vocal learning exists in oscine songbirds, but vocal learning has only been thoroughly investigated in a few model species, resulting in a narrow view of birdsong learning. By extracting acoustic signals from published spectrograms, we have reexamined the findings of isolate studies with a universally-applicable semi-automated quantitative analysis regimen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dneu.22682DOI Listing

Light and transmission electron microscopic structure of skin glands and dermal scales of a caecilian amphibian Gegeneophis ramaswamii, with a note on antimicrobial property of skin gland secretion.

Microsc Res Tech 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Animal Science, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala, India.

Amphibian skin secretions contain a variety of bioactive compounds that are involved in diverse roles such as communication, homeostasis, defence against predators, pathogens, and so on. Especially, the caecilian amphibians possess numerous cutaneous glands that produce the secretory material, which facilitate survival in their harsh subterranean environment. Inspite of the fact that India has a fairly abundant distribution of caecilian amphibians, there has hardly been any study on their skin and its secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.23276DOI Listing

Safe Vaccinations for a Healthy Nation: Increasing US Vaccine Coverage Through Law, Science, and Communication.

JAMA 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Departments of Immunology and Infectious Diseases and Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.4270DOI Listing

Patients' experience regarding therapeutic person-centered relationships in physiotherapy services: A qualitative study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2019 Apr 19:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

f Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Health Sciences School , Universidad de León , Ponferrada , León , Spain.

Introduction: Person-centered care has emerged as a key principle in the provision of health and rehabilitation services. To implement this approach, health professionals must strive to develop a person-centered therapeutic relationship. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators for the establishment of a person-centered relationship, based on the experience of physiotherapy patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2019.1603258DOI Listing

Navigating difficult conversations.

J Surg Oncol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland.

Breaking bad news and navigating difficult conversations is challenging and a frequent occurrence in surgical oncology practice. Cancer communication recommendations are guided by ethical principles, legal precedence, and emerging evidence regarding patient preference and efficacy of communication tools. Evidence continues to mount supporting a patient-centered communication approach and a model of shared decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25472DOI Listing

Reliability and Validity of SymTrak, a Multi-Domain Tool for Monitoring Symptoms of Older Adults with Multiple Chronic Conditions.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: A reliable and valid clinically practical multi-domain self-report and caregiver-report tool is needed for tracking actionable symptoms in primary care for elderly patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs).

Objective: Assess internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and sensitivity to change for SymTrak.

Design And Participants: Among 600 (200 patient-caregiver dyads, 200 patients without an identified caregiver) participants, SymTrak was telephone interviewer-administered at baseline and 3-month follow-up, and at 24 h post-baseline for assessing test-retest reliability in a random subsample of 180 (60 dyads, 60 individual patients) participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-018-4780-4DOI Listing

Enhanced Si Passivation and PERC Solar Cell Efficiency by Atomic Layer Deposited Aluminum Oxide with Two-step Post Annealing.

Nanoscale Res Lett 2019 Apr 18;14(1):139. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Physics, OSED, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.

In this study, aluminum oxide (AlO) films were prepared by a spatial atomic layer deposition using deionized water and trimethylaluminum, followed by oxygen (O), forming gas (FG), or two-step annealing. Minority carrier lifetime of the samples was measured by Sinton WCT-120. Field-effect passivation and chemical passivation were evaluated by fixed oxide charge (Q) and interface defect density (D), respectively, using capacitance-voltage measurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11671-019-2969-zDOI Listing

[Digital OR: better planning and communication].

Authors:
A Meppelink

HNO 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Brainlab AG, Olof-Palme-Straße 9, 81829, München, Deutschland.

At the center of digital ENT surgery are four primary technological developments: in addition to the potential of a digitalized operating room (OR), these are modern navigation approaches, planning software, and robotics-based assistance systems. In the OR of the future, not only will data enrichment and information integration play a role, but so will the incorporation of high-tech medical devices. Their use and the information they generate are simplified, while at the same time, further clinical data are optimized before, during, and after the surgical procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0664-0DOI Listing

Acupuncture is effective in improving functional communication in post-stroke aphasia : A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Neurology, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 5 Haiyuncang Hutong, Dongcheng District, 100700, Beijing, China.

Objective: In this meta-analysis the authors evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture in improving functional communication and language function in post-stroke aphasia (PSA) patients.

Methods: Data sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, AMED, SinoMed, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang databases, ICTRP, ISRCTN, EUCTR, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Stroke Trials Registries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1478-5DOI Listing

Smartphone Use and Interest in a Spine Surgery Recovery Mobile Application Among Patients in a US Academic Neurosurgery Practice.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Mobile applications (apps) are serving an increasingly important role in healthcare for patients and providers alike. In addition to streamlining active communication of patient-reported outcomes regarding quality of life, pain, and opioid consumption, smartphones equipped with activity tracking afford the opportunity to passively and objectively measure mobility, a key metric of recovery in spine surgery. However, app development is a resource-intensive process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz061DOI Listing

Generation and Characterization of Germline-Specific Autophagy and Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species Reporters in .

Front Cell Dev Biol 2019 3;7:47. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Developmental Biology Group, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India.

Oogenesis is a fundamental process that forms the egg and, is crucial for the transmission of genetic information to the next generation. oogenesis has been used extensively as a genetically tractable model to study organogenesis, niche-germline stem cell communication, and more recently reproductive aging including germline stem cell (GSC) aging. Autophagy, a lysosome-mediated degradation process, is implicated in gametogenesis and aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2019.00047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456670PMC

Social Networks and Mobile Applications Use in Young Patients With Kidney Disease.

Front Pediatr 2019 3;7:45. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Hotel-Dieu de France University Medical Center, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

To evaluate the use and benefits of social networking sites (SNS) and mobile applications (MA) in young patients with kidney disease (KD). Pediatric KD is prevalent. The Internet is increasingly being used to communicate rapid healthcare information to children about acute and chronic diseases with greater medical care satisfaction. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fped.2019.00045/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457277PMC
April 2019
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Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid-Derived Exosomes: A Novel Role Contributing to Lung Cancer Growth.

Front Oncol 2019 2;9:197. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shanghai Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Exosomes are nanovesicles produced by a number of different cell types and regarded as important mediators of cell-to-cell communication. Although bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) has been shown to be involved in the development of tumors, its role in lung cancer (LC) remains unclear. In this article, we systemically studied BALF-derived exosomes in LC. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fonc.2019.00197/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2019.00197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454045PMC
April 2019
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Bilateral Bifid mandibular canals - Special relevance for a general dental practitioner. Report of 2 cases.

J Clin Exp Dent 2019 Mar 1;11(3):e287-e289. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

BDS. College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University. Smithfield, Queensland - 4878. Australia.

Dental practitioners may encounter bifid mandibular canals upon radiographic assessment, and may not understand the true extent of this presentation. The presentation of a bifid mandibular canal poses difficulties when carrying out dental procedures, including administration of mandibular block anaesthesia, oral surgical procedures of the lower third molars, orthognathic surgery and implant placement. Therefore it is of paramount importance that general dental practitioners be aware of the radiographic appearance, as incorrect diagnosis of this rare presentation can lead to detrimental consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461729PMC

Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles Inhibit Endometrial Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration through Delivery of Exogenous miR-302a.

Stem Cells Int 2019 14;2019:8108576. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Key laboratory of Follicular Development and Reproductive Health of Liaoning Province, Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning 121001, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potential therapeutic targets in endometrial cancer, but the difficulties associated with their delivery to tumor target cells have hampered their applications. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have a well-recognized tumor-homing ability, emphasizing the capacity of tumor-targeted delivery of extracellular vesicles. hUCMSCs release extracellular vesicles rich in miRNAs, which play a vital role in intercellular communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8108576DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437733PMC

Interplay Between ncRNAs and Cellular Communication: A Proposal for Understanding Cell-Specific Signaling Pathways.

Front Genet 2019 2;10:281. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Translational Molecular Pathology, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.

Intercellular communication is essential for the development of specialized cells, tissues, and organs and is critical in a variety of diseases including cancer. Current knowledge states that different cell types communicate by ligand-receptor interactions: hormones, growth factors, and cytokines are released into the extracellular space and act on receptors, which are often expressed in a cell-type-specific manner. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are emerging as newly identified communicating factors in both physiological and pathological states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454836PMC

Communicate and Fuse: How Filamentous Fungi Establish and Maintain an Interconnected Mycelial Network.

Front Microbiol 2019 29;10:619. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley CA, United States.

Cell-to-cell communication and cell fusion are fundamental biological processes across the tree of life. Survival is often dependent upon being able to identify nearby individuals and respond appropriately. Communication between genetically different individuals allows for the identification of potential mating partners, symbionts, prey, or predators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455062PMC

Neuroplasticity of Language Networks in Aphasia: Advances, Updates, and Future Challenges.

Front Neurol 2019 2;10:295. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States.

Researchers have sought to understand how language is processed in the brain, how brain damage affects language abilities, and what can be expected during the recovery period since the early 19th century. In this review, we first discuss mechanisms of damage and plasticity in the post-stroke brain, both in the acute and the chronic phase of recovery. We then review factors that are associated with recovery. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fneur.2019.00295
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454116PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Short-Term Orchestral Music Training Modulates Hyperactivity and Inhibitory Control in School-Age Children: A Longitudinal Behavioural Study.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:750. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Center for Music in the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University - The Royal Academy of Music, Aarhus, Denmark.

Survey studies have shown that participating in music groups produces several benefits, such as discipline, cooperation and responsibility. Accordingly, recent longitudinal studies showed that orchestral music training has a positive impact on inhibitory control in school-age children. However, most of these studies examined long periods of training not always feasible for all families and institutions and focused on children's measures ignoring the viewpoint of the teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457347PMC

Instrumental Technique, Expressivity, and Communication. A Qualitative Study on Learning Music in Individual and Collective Settings.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:737. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Centre for Systematic Musicology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

In this paper, we present a qualitative study comparing individual and collective music pedagogies from the point of view of the learner. In doing so, we discuss how the theoretical tools of embodied cognitive science (ECS) can provide adequate resources to capture the main properties of both contexts. We begin by outlining the core principles of ECS, describing how it emerged in response to the information-processing approach to mind, which dominated the cognitive sciences for the latter half of the 20th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457278PMC

Language Origins Viewed in Spontaneous and Interactive Vocal Rates of Human and Bonobo Infants.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:729. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.

From the first months of life, human infants produce "protophones," speech-like, non-cry sounds, presumed absent, or only minimally present in other apes. But there have been no direct quantitative comparisons to support this presumption. In addition, by 2 months, human infants show sustained face-to-face interaction using protophones, a pattern thought also absent or very limited in other apes, but again, without quantitative comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455048PMC

Generating Civically-Engaged Undergraduate Student Scientists in General Education Classrooms.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:664. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN, United States.

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00664
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454112PMC
April 2019
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5XFAD Mice Show Early Onset Gap Detection Deficits.

Front Aging Neurosci 2019 2;11:66. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States.

Alzheimer's patients show auditory temporal processing deficits very early in disease progression, before the onset of major cognitive impairments. In addition to potentially contributing to speech perception and communication deficits in patients, this also represents a potential early biomarker for Alzheimer's. For this reason, tests of temporal processing such as gap detection have been proposed as an early diagnosis tool. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454034PMC
April 2019
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Communication Sparsity in Distributed Spiking Neural Network Simulations to Improve Scalability.

Front Neuroinform 2019 2;13:19. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Computer Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

In the last decade there has been a surge in the number of big science projects interested in achieving a comprehensive understanding of the functions of the brain, using Spiking Neuronal Network (SNN) simulations to aid discovery and experimentation. Such an approach increases the computational demands on SNN simulators: if natural scale brain-size simulations are to be realized, it is necessary to use parallel and distributed models of computing. Communication is recognized as the dominant part of distributed SNN simulations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fninf.2019.00019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454199PMC

Symptomatic extradural spinal arachnoid cyst: More than a simple herniated sac.

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Jan-Mar;10(1):64-71

Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction And Study Design: Spinal arachnoid cyst is an uncommon entity, presenting with radiculopathy or paraparesis. These cysts are usually found in intradural extramedullary region; and the extradural region is a rare location. The exact pathogenesis in the existence of these cysts in the extradural region is still debated. Read More

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http://www.jcvjs.com/text.asp?2019/10/1/64/255724
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_12_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469322PMC
April 2019
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Pre ketogenic diet counselling.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):592-594

Department of Gynaecology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

This communication describes the aims and aspects of counseling prior to start of a ketogenic diet (KD). It uses a reader-friendly bio-psycho-social format to list and structure the various components of pre ketogenic diet counseling. These include strength mapping, risk and benefit explanation, and understanding the patient's selfcare responsibilities. Read More

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April 2019
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Influence of high glucose on mesangial cell-derived exosome composition, secretion and cell communication.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6270. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Mesangial cells stimulated with high glucose (HG) exhibit increased intracellular angiotensin II (AngII) synthesis that is correlated with the upregulation of AngII target genes, such as profibrotic cytokines. The intracrine effects of AngII can be mediated by several molecules transferred to other cells via exosomes (Exos), which play a key role in cellular communication under many physiological and pathological conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exosomes derived from HG-stimulated human mesangial cells (HG-HMCs) on normal unstimulated HMCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42746-1DOI Listing

Neural stem cell-derived small extracellular vesicles attenuate apoptosis and neuroinflammation after traumatic spinal cord injury by activating autophagy.

Cell Death Dis 2019 Apr 18;10(5):340. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, China.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) can cause severe irreversible motor dysfunction and even death. Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation can promote functional recovery after acute SCI in experimental animals, but numerous issues, including low-transplanted cell survival rate, cell de-differentiation, and tumor formation need to be resolved before routine clinical application is feasible. Recent studies have shown that transplanted stem cells facilitate regeneration through release of paracrine factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-019-1571-8DOI Listing

Computing Social Value Conversion in the Human Brain.

J Neurosci 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Laboratory for Integrated Theoretical Neuroscience, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan

Social signals play powerful roles in shaping self-oriented reward valuation and decision-making. These signals activate social and valuation/decision areas, but the core computation for their integration into the self-oriented decision machinery remains unclear. Here, we study how a fundamental social signal-social value (others' reward value)-is converted into self-oriented decision-making in the human brain. Read More

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http://www.jneurosci.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3117-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3117-18.2019DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Admission Conference Call: A Novel Approach to Optimizing Pediatric Emergency Department to Admitting Floor Communication.

Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Optimizing information sharing at transfer of care between teams is an important target for the improvement of patient safety. Traditional emergency department (ED)-to-floor handoffs do not support a shared mental model between physicians, residents, and nurses. This report describes and evaluates acceptance of a novel process for coordinating physician and nursing handoff calls for patients being admitted to an inpatient floor from a children's hospital ED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjq.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Expectations versus reality: The impact of men's expectancy violations in conversations with healthcare providers about BRCA-related cancer risks.

Patient Educ Couns 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Communication, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Objective: To investigate the experiences of men with germline pathogenic BRCA variants or who have a first-degree family member who tested positive for BRCA regarding their interactions with healthcare providers about their cancer risks.

Methods: 25 phone interviews were conducted with men at risk for hereditary cancer. Data were analyzed using an iterative approach where emergent themes were compared to existing research and theories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.04.010DOI Listing

An ethnographic study of human dignity in nursing practice.

Nurs Outlook 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Faculty of Education, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The ethical values of nursing are crucial to the provision of humane care. Human dignity is a core value that must be preserved in order to deliver such care. No studies to date have compared the perceptions of nurses and/or patients regarding the components of dignified care embedded in actual clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Reduction in the number of inadequate prescriptions: Pharmacy-prescriber communication.

Authors:
J Ena

Rev Clin Esp 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Marina Baixa, La Vila Joiosa, Alicante, España. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00142565193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rce.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Communication strategies in the prevention of type 2 and gestational diabetes in vulnerable groups: protocol for a scoping review.

Syst Rev 2019 Apr 18;8(1):98. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute for Research in Operative Medicine (IFOM), Faculty of Health, Department of Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Ostmerheimer Str. 200, Building 38, 51109, Cologne, Germany.

Background: The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is nearly 9%, with an upward trend in type 2 and gestational diabetes mellitus (T2DM/GDM). Evidence shows that vulnerable groups are affected disproportionally. Therefore, there is an increasing need to implement policies to prevent risk factors for T2DM/GDM and to promote a healthy lifestyle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1021-9DOI Listing
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