510,933 results match your criteria Communication Disorders


Downregulation of microRNA-376a in Gastric Cancer and Association with Poor Prognosis.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2010-2018. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background/aims: MicroRNAs have a significant role in the tumorigenesis and progression of cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). Our study aimed to identify a novel biomarker to predict the prognosis of patients with GC.

Methods: The GC microarray dataset, GSE28700, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and screened for differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Difficult Patient Behavior in Dialysis Facilities.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Difficult behavior exhibited by dialysis patients is a spectrum that includes nonadherence, verbal or physical abuse, and threatening acts. Such behaviors may lead to harmful consequences to the patient, other patients, the facility, and staff and can culminate in involuntary discharge. It is important to recognize that these "difficult behaviors" may be due to underlying psychosocial or medical issues, which places an onus on care providers to explore further. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Peri-Procedural Antithrombotic Management from a Patient Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Center for Bioethics and Social Science in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Frankel Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address:

Background: Peri-procedural antithrombotic medication management is a complex, often confusing process for patients and their providers. Communication difficulties often lead to suboptimal medication management resulting in delayed or cancelled procedures.

Methods: We conducted telephone surveys with patients taking chronic antithrombotic medications who had recently undergone an endoscopy procedure. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Writing in Public Health: A New Program From the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 6:33354918813106. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

3 Association of American Colleges & Universities, Washington, DC, USA.

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December 2018

Identifiers of Language Impairment for Spanish-English Dual Language Learners.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a standardized assessment developed for Spanish-English dual language learners (SEDLLs) differentiates SEDLLs with language impairment (LI) from children with typical language better than the translated/adapted Spanish and/or English version of a standardized assessment and to determine if adding informal measure/s to the standardized assessment increases the classification accuracy.

Method: Standardized and informal language assessment measures were administered to 30 Mexican American 4- to 5-year-old SEDLLs to determine the predictive value of each measure and the group of measures that best identified children with LI and typical language. Discriminant analyses were performed on the data set. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Development of American Sign Language-Based Analogical Reasoning in Signing Deaf Children.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 Dec 6:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Research and Training, Framingham, MA.

Purpose: This article examines whether syntactic and vocabulary abilities in American Sign Language (ASL) facilitate 6 categories of language-based analogical reasoning.

Method: Data for this study were collected from 267 deaf participants, aged 7;6 (years;months) to 18;5. The data were collected from an ongoing study initially funded by the U. Read More

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December 2018

Application of the Communication Complexity Scale in Peer and Adult Assessment Contexts for Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 6:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies, The University of Kansas, Lawrence.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure changes in communication of preschoolers with autism using the Communication Complexity Scale (CCS; Brady et al., 2012) and to examine the utility of the CCS in measuring pretreatment and posttreatment changes within peer and adult assessment contexts.

Method: The CCS was used to code preassessment and postassessment for 23 children with autism randomly assigned to a treatment that incorporated a peer-mediated approach and a speech-generating device and 22 assigned to a business-as-usual condition with untrained peers. Read More

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December 2018

Magnetic resonance imaging quantification of dehydration and rehydration in vocal fold tissue layers.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208763. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.

Clinicians commonly recommend increased hydration to patients with voice disorders. However, effects on clinical voice outcome measures have been inconsistent. Hydration-induced change within different layers of vocal fold tissue is currently unknown. Read More

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December 2018
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Public Health Response to an Avian Influenza A(H7N8) Virus Outbreak in Commercial Turkey Flocks - Indiana, 2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1339-1341. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

In January 2016, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H7N8) virus and low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N8) virus were detected in commercial turkey flocks in Dubois County, Indiana. The Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) and the Dubois County Health Department (DCHD) coordinated the public health response to this outbreak, which was the first detection of HPAI A(H7N8) in any species (1). This response was the first to fully implement unpublished public health monitoring procedures for HPAI responders that were developed by the U. Read More

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December 2018
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Short communication: Targeted proteomic analysis detects acute T cell-mediated kidney allograft rejection in belatacept-treated patients.

Ther Drug Monit 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Departments of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Transplantation and.

Background: There is an unmet need for reliable minimally invasive diagnostic biomarkers for immunological allograft monitoring and for the detection of acute kidney transplant rejection. Here, targeted proteomic analysis was applied to compare 92 proteins in sera of belatacept-treated patients who had biopsy-proven, acute T cell-mediated rejection (aTCMR) with patients without aTCMR.

Methods: Proximity extension immunoassay (PEA) was used to measure 92 inflammation-related protein concentrations in the pre-rejection and rejection sera of 11 patients with aTCMR and 9 patients without aTCMR. Read More

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December 2018

Physician burnout: a recipe for disaster.

Authors:
Fergus Jw Morris

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):486-487

Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, WA

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December 2018

Influences on clinical decision-making during a community placement: reflections of a student nurse.

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(12):606-609

Principal academic nursing - older people, Bournemouth University.

High quality care is dependent on good clinical judgement and often-complex decision making. Nurses need to be able to justify and defend their clinical decisions. In this article, a third-year nursing student reflects on an incident from a community placement involving a collaborative clinical decision. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence for functional interactions between the placenta and brain in pregnant mice.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201802037R. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

The placenta plays a pivotal role in the development of the fetal brain and also influences maternal brain function, but our understanding of communication between the placenta and brain remains limited. Using a gene expression and network analysis approach, we provide evidence that the placenta transcriptome is tightly interconnected with the maternal brain and fetal brain in d 15 pregnant C57BL/6J mice. Activation of serotonergic synapse signaling and inhibition of neurotrophin signaling were identified as potential mediators of crosstalk between the placenta and maternal brain and fetal brain, respectively. Read More

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December 2018
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Social support, social participation, & depression among caregivers and non-caregivers in Canada: a population health perspective.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Faculty of Health Sciences , Western University , London , Canada.

Objectives: The study used data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging to investigate the relationships among social support (measured as affectionate support, emotional/informational support, positive social interaction, tangible support), social participation and depression in caregivers and non-caregivers.

Method: Hierarchical multiple regression was used to investigate relationships among social support, social participation, and depression. Analyses of variance were used to examine differences in the means of social support, social participation, and depression between the two participant groups. Read More

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December 2018

Chlorogenic acid-mediated chemical defense of plants against insect herbivores.

Plant Biol (Stuttg) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Chlorogenic acid is one of the most abundant beneficial polyphenols in plants and is well known as nutritional anti-oxidant in plant based foods. Apart from its dietary antioxidant activity, it has been proven to be an efficient defense molecule against a broad range of insect herbivores. In the last two decades, several reports have shown the effectiveness of chlorogenic acid for insect's growth deterrence. Read More

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December 2018
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Self-management intervention for head and neck cancer couples: Results of a randomized pilot trial.

Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience significant physical and psychological morbidity during radiotherapy (RT) that contributes to treatment interruptions and a poor quality of life. Although spouses/partners can help by encouraging patient self-management (eg, self-care) during RT, they often experience high psychological distress rates, lack basic health care knowledge and skills, and report increased marital conflict regarding patient self-management. The current pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a 6-session telephone-based intervention called Spouses coping with the Head And neck Radiation Experience (SHARE), which teaches self-management, communication, and coping skills to patients with HNC and their spouses. Read More

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December 2018

A databank for intracellular electrophysiological mapping of the adult somatosensory cortex.

Gigascience 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurophysiology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen - the Netherlands.

Background: Neurons in the supragranular layers of the somatosensory cortex integrate sensory (bottom-up) and cognitive/perceptual (top-down) information as they orchestrate communication across cortical columns. It has been inferred, based on intracellular recordings from juvenile animals, that supragranular neurons are electrically mature by the fourth postnatal week. However, the dynamics of the neuronal integration in the adulthood is largely unknown. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Whatever Happened to Local Otolaryngology Societies?

Authors:
Bruce H Campbell

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute for Health and Equity (Bioethics and Medical Humanities), Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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December 2018

Inpatients Sign On: An Opportunity to Engage Hospitalized Patients and Caregivers Using Inpatient Portals.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.

Background: Inpatient portals are online patient portals linked to electronic health records that provide hospitalized patients and caregivers secure access to real-time clinical information and tools to enhance their communication with providers and hospital experience.

Objective: The main objective of this commentary was to provide a perspective that inpatient portals are innovative tools poised to engage patients and caregivers during hospitalization and, thus, enhance patient-centered care.

Results: Inpatient portals are desired by patients and caregivers and may contribute to improved recognition of their inpatient care team, knowledge of their treatment plan and overall inpatient experience. Read More

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December 2018

Short communication: rapid quantitation of flecainide in human plasma for therapeutic drug monitoring using liquid chromatography and time-of-flight mass-spectrometry.

Ther Drug Monit 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Analytical Services International (ASI), St George's-University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.

Background: Measurement of flecainide is useful to optimize dosage and minimize risks of toxicity. Further, there is a need for urgent sample analysis when flecainide is used in transplacental therapy for fetal tachycardia. To this end, we have developed and validated a rapid assay for the measurement of flecainide in human plasma or serum, using a small sample volume (50 µL). Read More

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December 2018

Short communication: switching immunosuppression from cyclosporine to tacrolimus in kidney transplant recipients based on CYP3A5 genotyping.

Ther Drug Monit 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pharmacy, Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai (200433), China.

Background: Kidney transplant recipients on long-term cyclosporine (CsA) therapy may develop multiple adverse drug events, and immunosuppression conversion from CsA to tacrolimus (Tac) is an option. Genetic variations, especially cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5*3 affects Tac dosing. However, little information is available to guide the conversion with regards to patients' pharmacogenomics. Read More

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December 2018
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High-Value Interviewing: A Call for Quality Improvement in the Match Process.

Acad Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

B. Frush is a first-year resident in internal medicine-pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee. The author was a fourth-year medical student, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, at the time of writing. J. Byerley is professor of pediatrics, vice dean for education, and chief education officer, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Within the Match process, current residency interview practices are inefficient for both applicants and programs. Problems include disorganized interview offers and scheduling, excessive numbers of applicant interviews, unclear postinterview communication policies, and the significant expenses entailed. To address these issues, the authors propose applying a quality improvement approach to create a high-value interview process that would decrease investments of time, money, and energy and improve the quality of the Match experience for both applicants and programs. Read More

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December 2018

Stem cells repurpose proliferation to contain a breach in their niche barrier.

Elife 2018 Dec 6;7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Robin Neustein Laboratory of Mammalian Development and Cell Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.

Adult stem cells are responsible for life-long tissue maintenance. They reside in and interact with specialized tissue microenvironments (niches). Using murine hair follicle as a model, we show that when junctional perturbations in the niche disrupt barrier function, adjacent stem cells dramatically change their transcriptome independent of bacterial invasion and become capable of directly signaling to and recruiting immune cells. Read More

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December 2018

Regulating Osteogenic Differentiation by Suppression of Exosomal microRNAs.

Tissue Eng Part A 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Kyungpook National University, Oral Microbiology , 2177 Dalgubeol-daero, Jung-gu , Daegu, Korea, Republic of , 41940 ;

Exosomes are membranous nanovesicles that naturally transport bio-molecules, including miRNAs, and play critical roles in intercellular communication. We found that the growth condition milieu of pre-osteoblast exosomes contains a high level of the let-7 miRNAs. After blocking exosome secretion, we found that osteogenic differentiation of pre-osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1 cells) decreased significantly whereas addition of exosomes from growth condition recovered osteogenic ability. Read More

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December 2018
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The reliability of evaluating conversations between people with traumatic brain injury and their communication partners via videoconferencing.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2018 Dec 6:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a The University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences , Sydney , NSW , Australia.

There is growing interest in using telehealth to work with people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study investigated whether established rating scales for evaluating conversations of people with TBI are reliable for use over videoconferencing. Nineteen participants with TBI and their communication partners completed two conversation samples during both in-person (IP) and videoconferencing-based (VC) assessment, with randomised order of assessment. Read More

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December 2018

Case Report in Clinical Pediatric Dentistry: How to Review, Organize and Prepare a Manuscript.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

A case report is a useful type of publication to describe information on unusual clinical diseases or syndromes, new management techniques, potential risk factors/oral disease associations, and uncommon side effects or responses to traditional dental treatments. In the practice of Dentistry and Medicine, the publication of case reports has the purpose of sharing new clinical experiences and knowledge with interested colleagues. Case reports in the field of Evidence-Based Pediatric Dentistry convey unique contributions to the clinical practice and help improve the process of clinical decision making in the form of a brief written communication. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Brain Health: Impact on Long-Range Cortical Connections and Cognitive Performance.

J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Dec;7(23):e010054

1 Department of Neurology Medical University of South Carolina Charleston SC.

Background Cardiovascular risk factor burden in the absence of clinical or radiological "events" is associated with mild cognitive impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging techniques exploring the integrity of neuronal fiber connectivity within white matter networks supporting cognitive processing could be used to measure the impact of cardiovascular disease on brain health and be used beyond bedside neuropsychological tests to detect subclinical changes and select or stratify participants for entry into clinical trials. Methods and Results We assessed the relationship between verbal IQ and brain network integrity and the effect of cardiovascular risk factors on network integrity by constructing whole-brain structural connectomes from magnetic resonance imaging diffusion images (N=60) from people with various degrees of cardiovascular risk factor burden. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The brain network in a model of thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia.

Brain Connect 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Saratovskij nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni N G Cernysevskogo, 64958 , Astrakhanskaya str., 83 , Saratov, Russian Federation , 410012.

Sensory information processing and higher cognitive functions rely on the interactions between thalamus and cortex. Many types of neurological and psychiatric disorders are accompanied or driven by alterations in the brain connectivity. In the present study putative changes in functional and effective cortico-cortical (CC), thalamo-cortical (TC) and cortico-thalamic (CT) connectivity during wakefulness and slow-wave sleep in a model of thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia (TCD), TRIP8b-/- mice and in control (WT) mice are described. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Proteins regulating microvesicle biogenesis and multidrug resistance in cancer.

Authors:
J Taylor M Bebawy

Proteomics 2018 Dec 6:e1800165. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Health, The University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Microvesicles (MV) are emerging as important mediators of intercellular communication. These signalling vectors are implicated in physiological processes ranging from vascular homeostasis to inflammation. They also play an important role in the cancer pathology and progression. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Variable sialic acid content in milk of Indian cattle and buffalo across different stages of lactation.

J Dairy Res 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

ICAR- National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources,Karnal 132 001, Haryana,India.

The aim of this Research Communication was to contribute to the knowledge of milk sialic acid concentration of bovines with specific focus on India. Sialic acids (SA) are important constituents of mammalian milks. Buffaloes are the main milk producing species in India, therefore, our research focused on both cow and buffalo. Read More

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December 2018

Extensively thrombosed ectatic circumflex coronary artery fistula presenting as acute coronary syndrome.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center, University Hospital Zurich. Switzerland.

Background: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an abnormal communication between the termination of a coronary artery or its branches and a cardiac chamber, a great vessel or other vascular structure. Symptomatic patients with large CAF should undergo surgical or percutanous closure of the fistula at the drainage site while still the debate on closing asymptomatic CAF and re-openening symptomatic occluded CAF is ongoing.

Case Summary: We are reporting a 30-year-old male patient with no previous medical history presented as non-ST segment elevation myocardial Infarction. Read More

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December 2018

More Than Words: The Use of Video in Ethnographic Research With People With Intellectual Disabilities.

Qual Health Res 2018 Dec 6:1049732318811704. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Lancaster University, Bailrigg, UK.

There is a tendency to exclude people with intellectual disabilities from participating in research about their own lives. While the use of participatory research approaches is increasing, the methods used for engaging people with intellectual disabilities in research are generally limited to interviews and focus groups. Yet a focus on the spoken or written word can present a challenge for those who may prefer to use alternative forms of communication. Read More

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December 2018

Potential of Exosomes for the Treatment of Stroke.

Cell Transplant 2018 Dec 6:963689718816990. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Discipline of Neuroscience, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Stroke is the result of blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain and is the leading cause of death and disability in the world. Currently only a very limited number of therapeutic approaches are available for treatment of stroke patients, and the vast majority of neuroprotective agents that tested positively in pre-clinical studies failed in clinical trials. In recent years, the clinical value of the use of exosomes for stroke treatment has received widespread attention due their unique characteristics such as low immunogenicity, low toxicity and biodegradability, ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and their important role in communication between cells. Read More

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December 2018
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The impact of the implementation of the Dutch combined Meeting Centres Support Programme for family caregivers of people with dementia in Italy, Poland and UK.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

j Department of Psychiatry , VU University Medical Centre , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.

Objectives: The MEETINGDEM research project aimed to implement the combined Dutch Meeting Centre Support Programme (MCSP) for community-dwelling people with dementia and caregivers within Italy, Poland and UK and to assess whether comparable benefits were found in these countries as in the Netherlands.

Method: Nine pilot Meeting Centres (MCs) participated (Italy-5, Poland-2, UK-2). Effectiveness of MCSP was compared to usual care (UC) on caregiver outcomes measuring competence (SSCQ), mental health (GHQ-12), emotional distress (NPI-Q) and loneliness (UCLA) analysed by ANCOVAs in a 6-month pre-test/post-test controlled trial. Read More

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December 2018

Operando CatalysisReveals the Superior Cracking Activity and Stability of Hierarchical ZSM-5 for the Cracking of LDPE.

ChemSusChem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Jagiellonian University in Karków, Faculty of Chemistry, 3 Ingarden Street, 30-060, Kraków, POLAND.

In this communication, a new theoretical and practical framework through Operando Catalysis to study the zeolite catalytic cracking of the low-density polyethylene as model reaction, under reaction conditions is provided. Results show that a microporous ZSM-5 gives rise to less cracking products. Hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolites are more cracking active, rendering more C2-C5 hydrocarbons, with a delayed deactivation due to the secondary porosity. Read More

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December 2018

VIII. CONCLUSION: CO-CONSTRUCTING A SECURE BASE PARTNERSHIP: MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTIONS, COMMUNICATION, AND SCRIPT REPRESENTATIONS.

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 2018 Dec;83(4):121-134

Using the secure base construct, the evidence presented indicates that interactional experience continues to be a central factor in the organization of mother-child attachment relationships. The parent-child codetermination process that establishes their relationship in infancy expands during the preschool years. Furthermore, with the increasingly relevant role of language, parent-child verbal communication during this time plays an important part in structuring children's attachment behavior and knowledge. Read More

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December 2018

IV. CO-CONSTRUCTION OF ATTACHMENT REPRESENTATIONS AND AFFECT-REGULATING COGNITIONS: THE ROLE OF MATERNAL ATTACHMENT SECURITY.

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 2018 Dec;83(4):60-73

This study focused on the role of maternal co-construction skills in building attachment relevant representations in early childhood. Thirty-four mothers and their 4- to 5-year-old children were presented with two co-construction tasks, one an attachment storytelling task, the other an affect discussion task about emotion-laden situations. Maternal co-construction skills were assessed with several scales that scored the quality of the co-construction partnership, the mother's skill in prompting elaboration, and helping build an explanatory framework. Read More

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December 2018

Altered Global mRNA Expressions of Pain and Aggression Related Genes in the Blood of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

J Mol Neurosci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medical Genetics, Erciyes University Medical Faculty, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by repetitive stereotypic behaviors, restricted interests, social withdrawal, and communication deficits. Aggression and insensitivity to pain are largely unexplained in these cases. We analyzed nine mRNA expressions of the candidate genes related to aggression and insensitivity to pain in the peripheral blood of patients with ASD. Read More

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December 2018
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Do emotional difficulties and peer problems occur together from childhood to adolescence? The case of children with a history of developmental language disorder (DLD).

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

City, University of London, London, UK.

Children and adolescents with developmental language disorder (DLD) are, overall, vulnerable to difficulties in emotional adjustment and in peer relations. However, previous research has shown that different subgroups follow different trajectories in respect to the quality of peer relations. Less is known about the trajectories of emotional development. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Patient Satisfaction and Healthcare Utilization Using Telemedicine in Liver Transplant Recipients.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Post-liver transplantation care is limited to tertiary care centers. Concentration at expert centers leads to high-volume clinics with long wait times and decreased accessibility.

Aim: To assess whether telemedicine can be utilized to overcome barriers to care while sustaining strong patient-physician relationships. Read More

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December 2018

WeChat use is significantly correlated with college students' quality of friendships but not with perceived well-being.

Authors:
Hua Pang

Heliyon 2018 Nov 24;4(11):e00967. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Institute of New Media, Tianjin University, 300072, Tianjin, PR China.

Although WeChat is currently one of the fastest growing social media in mainland China, many scholars and researchers are yet to systematically investigate the potential social and psychological consequences of the newly emerging online social network. Based on theory and previous studies, the principal purpose of this present study is to probe and understand whether and how the use of WeChat is related to individuals' friendship quality and psychological well-being. Research participants were a total of 508 college students who completed anonymous questionnaires gauging their WeChat usage behaviors, self-disclosure, friendship quality, and well-being. Read More

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November 2018

The impact of artificial light at night on nocturnal insects: A review and synthesis.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 23;8(22):11337-11358. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Biology Tufts University Medford Massachusetts.

In recent decades, advances in lighting technology have precipitated exponential increases in night sky brightness worldwide, raising concerns in the scientific community about the impact of artificial light at night (ALAN) on crepuscular and nocturnal biodiversity. Long-term records show that insect abundance has declined significantly over this time, with worrying implications for terrestrial ecosystems. The majority of investigations into the vulnerability of nocturnal insects to artificial light have focused on the flight-to-light behavior exhibited by select insect families. Read More

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November 2018

Weight Bias Internalization Among Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss: Implications for Eating Behaviors and Parental Communication.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2271. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Mary Himmelstein, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Hartford, CT, United States.

Emerging evidence has demonstrated a high prevalence of weight bias internalization (WBI) among adults, as well as consistent links between internalization and adverse psychological and physical health. However, research examining WBI in youth and its impact on their health is scarce, especially among youth seeking weight loss treatment who may be particularly vulnerable to weight stigma from peers and parents. To address this research gap, the present study assessed WBI in a weight loss treatment-seeking sample of adolescents, examining associations between internalization and adolescents' eating behaviors and parental weight-related communication. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

White Matter Plasticity Keeps the Brain in Tune: Axons Conduct While Glia Wrap.

Front Cell Neurosci 2018 16;12:428. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Precise timing of neuronal inputs is crucial for brain circuit function and development, where it contributes critically to experience-dependent plasticity. Myelination therefore provides an important adaptation mechanism for vertebrate circuits. Despite its importance to circuit activity, the interplay between neuronal activity and myelination has yet to be fully elucidated. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A response to the perception of the severity of medical error and the level of clinical seniority.

Authors:
Soma Farag

Adv Med Educ Pract 2018 9;9:823-824. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Medical Department at Imperial College, London University, London, UK,

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November 2018

Case-based simulation scenarios in cardiology.

Adv Med Educ Pract 2018 9;9:819-820. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 2AT, UK,

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November 2018

A longitudinal inquiry into directionality of effects between coping and information needs in hypertensive patients.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 9;11:567-580. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: It is well recognized that effective health communication is associated with better adherence to medical prescriptions, behavioral changes, and enhanced perception of control over the disease. However, there is limited knowledge about the variables on which to tailor health messages. This study examined whether coping strategies were related to information needs over time in a sample of patients with hypertension. Read More

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November 2018

Structured interdisciplinary bedside rounds, in-hospital deaths, and new nursing home placements among older inpatients.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 8;13:2289-2294. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Centre for Applied Nursing Research, Western Sydney University and Ingham Institute of Applied Medical Research, Aged Care Research Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool BC, NSW 1871, Australia.

Purpose: Ineffective interdisciplinary communication is linked to many adverse consequences of hospitalization. This study evaluated the effect of SIBR, a model of care that encourages interdisciplinary communication and patient and family participations, on in-hospital deaths and new nursing home (NH) placements.

Materials And Methods: This before-after study included 3,673 consecutive inpatients of mean age 83. Read More

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November 2018

Delivering bad news: patient's perspective and opinions.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2018 12;12:2397-2404. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Social Medicine and Social Pathology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland,

Purpose: The aim of our research was to gain knowledge about patients' opinions, experiences, and preferences with regard to the way the news is being delivered to them.

Materials And Methods: Detailed research was carried out on a group of 314 patients using the CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web Interview) technique. Adult responders who had earlier received bad news were questioned about their opinion about the way the doctor acted while delivering bad news and how he did it. Read More

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November 2018
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