28,870 results match your criteria Cognitive Impairment Mild


Effects of a multicomponent resistance-based exercise program with protein, vitamin D and calcium supplementation on cognition in men with prostate cancer treated with ADT: secondary analysis of a 12-month randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 24;12(6):e060189. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this preplanned secondary analysis of a 12-month randomised controlled trial was to investigate the effects of a multicomponent exercise programme combined with daily whey protein, calcium and vitamin D supplementation on cognition in men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).

Design: 12-month, two-arm, randomised controlled trial.

Setting: University clinical exercise centre. Read More

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Does essential tremor increase the risk of dementia? No.

Authors:
Alex Rajput

Int Rev Neurobiol 2022 31;163:233-253. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Division of Neurology, Saskatchewan Movement Disorders Program, University of Saskatchewan/Saskatchewan Health Authority, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. Electronic address:

Essential tremor (ET) is the most common neurological cause of tremor affecting adult humans affecting about 6% of those over age 65 years. In the United States, dementia has a prevalence of 15% in those age 68 and older. Overlap of the two conditions is therefore not surprising. Read More

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Validation of a Mobile, Sensor-based Neurobehavioral Assessment With Digital Signal Processing and Machine-learning Analytics.

Cogn Behav Neurol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Miro Health Inc., San Francisco, California.

Background: The Miro Health Mobile Assessment Platform consists of self-administered neurobehavioral and cognitive assessments that measure behaviors typically measured by specialized clinicians.

Objective: To evaluate Miro Health Mobile Assessment Platform's concurrent validity, test-retest reliability, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) classification performance.

Method: Sixty study participants were evaluated with Miro Health version V. Read More

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Enhancing neurocognitive health, abilities, networks, & community engagement for older adults with cognitive impairments through technology: a scoping review introducing the ENHANCE Center.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2022 Jun 24:1-11. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Purpose: Age associated cognitive impairments (CIs) result in difficulties with a wide range of daily activities. As the older adult population increases, so does the importance of understanding and supporting the needs and disabilities of those with CIs. The Enhancing Neurocognitive Health, Abilities, Networks, and Community Engagement (ENHANCE) Centre was established with a focus on developing assistive technology to support the socialisation, transportation, and prospective memory needs of older adults with CIs. Read More

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Procedural learning, declarative learning, and working memory as predictors of learning the use of a memory compensation tool in persons with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2022 Jun 24:1-26. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Persons with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) are at risk for experiencing changes in their daily functioning due to their memory impairment. The Memory Support System (MSS), a compensatory calendaring system, was developed to support functional independence in persons with aMCI (pwaMCI). This cross-sectional study examined procedural learning, declarative learning, and working memory as predictors of MSS learning efficiency in pwaMCI. Read More

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The Link between Cutaneous Inflammation and Cognitive Impairment.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Dermatology Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong, 510091, China.

Cognitive impairment is a symptom of neurological disorders, including dementia and Alzheimer's disease; and mild cognitive impairment can be a precursor of both disorders. Aged humans and animal models with other systemic disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, display a higher incidence of cognitive decline. Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of cognitive impairment also is higher in subjects with certain inflammatory skin disorders, including psoriasis and chronic eczematous dermatitis. Read More

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Familial Brain Calcifications With Leukoencephalopathy: A Novel Variant.

Neurol Genet 2022 Aug 20;8(4):e200001. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine (J.S., A.J.E., E.J.H.), University of Cincinnati; and Department of Human Genetics (A.S.), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH.

Objective: To describe a family with primary familial brain calcifications (PFBCs) and leukoencephalopathy associated with a novel variant in .

Methods: We present 3 generations of a family with PFBC associated with a previously unreported variant in .

Results: A 24-year-old woman with migraine, bipolar disorder, and functional neurologic disorder was found to have bilateral calcifications of the basal ganglia and frontally predominant periventricular white matter disease. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes after invasive Group B in early infancy: A multi-country matched cohort study in South Africa, Mozambique, India, Kenya, and Argentina.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 May 28;47:101358. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Data are limited regarding long-term consequences of invasive GBS (iGBS) disease in early infancy, especially from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where most cases occur. We aimed to estimate risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in children with a history of iGBS disease.

Methods: A multi-country matched cohort study was undertaken in South Africa, India, Mozambique, Kenya, and Argentina from October 2019 to April 2021. Read More

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Correlates of Adherence of Multimodal Non-pharmacological Interventions in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Psychiatry 2022 3;13:833767. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

School of Medicine, Tongxiang City Health School, Jiaxing, China.

Background: Non-pharmacological interventions are promising for delaying cognitive decline in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Although some studies have demonstrated adherence rates and factors influencing participation in single modality non-pharmacological interventions, little is known about the level and correlates of adherence to multimodal non-pharmacological interventions (MNPIs) in older adults with MCI.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the adherence level and the correlates of adherence to MNPIs in older adults with MCI. Read More

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The Indirect Effect of the Frailty of Dependent Elderly People Needing Hospitalization on Their Informal Caregivers' Anxiety.

Cureus 2022 May 19;14(5):e25144. Epub 2022 May 19.

School of Health Sciences, Department of Health Economics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, GRC.

Background A high prevalence of anxiety symptoms has been identified among the caregivers of disabled older people. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between objective burden (intensity of care and burdensome characteristics of the care recipient, like frailty status), caregiver characteristics, subjective burden, and anxiety in a sample of informal caregivers caring for hospitalized elderly patients.  Methods In this cross-sectional study, patients' and their informal caregivers' characteristics were recorded for 311 patient-caregiver dyads. Read More

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Occurrence of mild cognitive impairment with hyperinsulinaemia in Africans with advanced type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Authors:
J Bashir I U Yarube

IBRO Neurosci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12:182-187. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Neuroscience and Pathophysiology Unit, Department of Human Physiology, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

There is paucity of information on the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. In addition, the role of hyperinsulinaemia in the development of MCI needs further investigation. This study sought to assess cognition and hyperinsulinaemia, with the associated characteristics in patients with advanced T2DM. Read More

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Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury induces persistent alterations in spontaneous synaptic activity of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons.

IBRO Neurosci Rep 2022 Jun 9;12:157-162. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion is the most common form of TBI which frequently results in persistent cognitive impairments and memory deficits in affected individuals [1]. Although most studies have investigated the role of hippocampal synaptic dysfunction in earlier time points following a single injury, the long-lasting effects of mTBI on hippocampal synaptic transmission following multiple brain concussions have not been well-elucidated. Using a repetitive closed head injury (3XCHI) mouse model of mTBI, we examined the alteration of spontaneous synaptic transmission onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons by recording spontaneous excitatory AMPA receptor (AMPAR)- and inhibitory GABAR-mediated postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs and sIPSCs, respectively) in adult male mice 2-weeks following the injury. Read More

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Early-Stage Alzheimer's Disease Categorization Using PET Neuroimaging Modality and Convolutional Neural Networks in the 2D and 3D Domains.

Sensors (Basel) 2022 Jun 18;22(12). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Faculty of Engineering, Université de Moncton, Moncton, NB E1A3E9, Canada.

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a health apprehension of significant proportions that is negatively impacting the ageing population globally. It is characterized by neuronal loss and the formation of structures such as neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques in the early as well as later stages of the disease. Neuroimaging modalities are routinely used in clinical practice to capture brain alterations associated with AD. Read More

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Probiotic MCC1274 Mitigates Alzheimer's Disease-Related Pathologies in Wild-Type Mice.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 19;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Aichi, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.

Probiotics improve brain function, including memory and cognition, via the microbiome-gut-brain axis. Oral administration of MCC1274 ( MCC1274) improves cognitive function in mice and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects, and mitigates Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathologies. However, its effects on wild-type (WT) mice have not yet been explored. Read More

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Simultaneous Mass Spectrometry-Based Apolipoprotein Profiling and Apolipoprotein E Phenotyping in Patients with ASCVD and Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 15;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, Leipzig University, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

Apolipoprotein E (apoE) occurs on the majority of plasma lipoproteins and plays a major role in the lipid metabolism in the periphery and in the central nervous system. ApoE is a polymorphic protein with three common isoforms, apoE2, apoE3 and apoE4, derived from respective alleles ε2, ε3 and ε4. The aim of this study was to develop a sample pretreatment protocol combined with rapid mass spectrometry (MS)-based assay for simultaneous apolipoprotein profiling and apoE phenotype identification. Read More

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Association of Dietary Inflammatory Potential with Blood Inflammation: The Prospective Markers on Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 10;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China.

Inflammation is known as an important mechanism of cognitive dysfunction. Systemic immune inflammation index (SII) and system inflammation response index (SIRI) are two blood inflammatory markers, which are related to many chronic diseases including cognitive impairment. It is recognized that dietary inflammatory index (DII), which is used to estimate the overall inflammatory potential of diet, may be related to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well. Read More

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Predictive Scale for Amyloid PET Positivity Based on Clinical and MRI Variables in Patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 15;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, Ewha Womans University Seoul Hospital, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul 07804, Korea.

The presence of amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition is considered important in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), since they can progress to Alzheimer's disease dementia. Amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) has been used for detecting Aβ deposition, but its high cost is a significant barrier for clinical usage. Therefore, we aimed to develop a new predictive scale for amyloid PET positivity using easily accessible tools. Read More

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The Need for a Specialized Neurocognitive Screen and Consistent Cognitive Impairment Criteria in Spinal Cord Injury: Analysis of the Suitability of the Neuropsychiatry Unit Cognitive Assessment Tool.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 10;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

John Walsh Centre Rehabilitation Research, The Kolling Institute, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia.

The assessment of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) following spinal cord injury (SCI) is vital. However, there are no neurocognitive screens which have been developed specifically to meet the unique requirements for SCI, nor are there consistent MCI criteria applied to determine the rates of MCI. The aim of this study was to determine the suitability of a neurocognitive screen for assessing MCI in adults with SCI. Read More

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Screening for Mild Cognitive Impairment in the Preoperative Setting: A Narrative Review.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 15;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Anesthesiology, Catharina Hospital, 5623 EJ Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Cognitive impairment predisposes patients to the development of delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. In particular, in older patients, the adverse sequelae of cognitive decline in the perioperative period may contribute to adverse outcomes after surgical procedures. Subtle signs of cognitive impairment are often not previously diagnosed. Read More

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The Effect of a Tele-Health Intervention Program on Home-Dwelling Persons with Dementia or MCI and on Their Primary Caregivers during the Stay-at-Home-Order Period in the COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak: Evidence from Taiwan.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 May 24;10(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Community Health Center, Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taichung 427213, Taiwan.

Background: The Taiwanese government implemented a stay-at-home order that restricted all community-based health promotion activities for the elderly by shutting down all community care centers from May 2021 to August 2021 to control the spread of COVID-19. Community-based dementia care centers were barely able to provide dementia care services during that period.

Methods: The data used in this study were collected from a community-based dementia care center that was able to continue their dementia care services through a Tele-Health intervention program. Read More

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Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease: A Lesson from Genetics.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 20;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20900 Monza, Italy.

Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PDP) represents a common and debilitating condition that complicates Parkinson's disease (PD), mainly in the later stages. The spectrum of psychotic symptoms are heterogeneous, ranging from minor phenomena of mild illusions, passage hallucinations and sense of presence to severe psychosis consisting of visual hallucinations (and rarely, auditory and tactile or gustatory) and paranoid delusions. PDP is associated with increased caregiver stress, poorer quality of life for patients and carers, reduced survival and risk of institutionalization with a significant burden on the healthcare system. Read More

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Relationship between Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment and Severe Dysphagia: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Brain Sci 2022 Jun 19;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 600, Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510630, China.

: To investigate the relationship between post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) and severe post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) and explore the risk factors related to PSCI combined with severe PSD. : Data from patients were collated from the rehabilitation-specific disease database. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Videofluoroscopy Swallowing Study (VFSS), Penetration-aspiration Scale (PAS), and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) were used to evaluate cognitive and swallowing functions. Read More

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A Multi-Modal and Multi-Atlas Integrated Framework for Identification of Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Brain Sci 2022 Jun 8;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

School of Biomedical Engineering, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China.

Background: Multi-modal neuroimaging with appropriate atlas is vital for effectively differentiating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from healthy controls (HC).

Methods: The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and structural MRI (sMRI) of 69 MCI patients and 61 HC subjects were collected. Then, the gray matter volumes obtained from the sMRI and Hurst exponent (HE) values calculated from rs-fMRI data in the Automated Anatomical Labeling (AAL-90), Brainnetome (BN-246), Harvard-Oxford (HOA-112) and AAL3-170 atlases were extracted, respectively. Read More

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Effects of Aerobic Training on Brain Plasticity in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Brain Sci 2022 Jun 2;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa 359-1192, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to systematically review to find if aerobic exercise compared to no exercise or any other intervention affects brain plasticity among people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Searches were conducted in the Scopus, SciELO, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases. The included studies were randomized control trials (RCTs) written in English comprising individuals with MCI that evaluated the effects of aerobic training on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), brain structures, or brain activity. Read More

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Patterns of Focal Amyloid Deposition Using F-Florbetaben PET in Patients with Cognitive Impairment.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 31;12(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Accumulation of aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ) in the brain is considered the first pathological event within the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is difficult to accurately identify the initial brain regions of Aβ accumulation due to the time-lag between the start of the pathophysiology and symptom onset. However, focal regional amyloid uptake on amyloid PET scans may provide insights into this. Read More

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Rifaximin Improves Spatial Learning and Memory Impairment in Rats with Liver Damage-Associated Neuroinflammation.

Biomedicines 2022 May 28;10(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Laboratory of Neurobiology, Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe, 46012 Valencia, Spain.

Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may show mild cognitive impairment. Neuroinflammation in the hippocampus mediates cognitive impairment in rat models of minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). Treatment with rifaximin reverses cognitive impairment in a large proportion of cirrhotic patients with MHE. Read More

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Cognitive profile in mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies.

Singapore Med J 2022 06 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cerebrovascular and of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Tianjin Dementia Institute, Department of Neurology, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Introduction: This study aimed to elucidate the cognitive profile of patients with mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies (MCI-LB) and to compare it to that of patients with mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD).

Methods: Subjects older than 60 years with probable MCI-LB (n = 60) or MCI-AD (n = 60) were recruited. All patients were tested with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to assess their global cognitive profile. Read More

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Prevalence and correlates of disability among urban-rural older adults in Southwest China: a large, population-based study.

BMC Geriatr 2022 Jun 24;22(1):517. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics and Department of General Practice, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: As one of the challenges of aging, older adults with disabilities are often overlooked in remote areas of many developing countries, including southwest China. Similar populations would undoubtedly benefit from a representative, high-quality survey of large samples, which would also enrich global disability data. This study aims to assess the prevalence of disability and associated factors among urban and rural older adults in a typical representative region. Read More

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Algorithms for Operationalizing Mild Cognitive Impairment Using the Spanish-Language NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: Neuropsychologists would benefit from flexible methods for operationalizing psychometric cognitive impairment in Spanish-speaking examinees that vary in association with intelligence, education, and sociocultural characteristics. The current study combined low and high score base rates (BRs) for the Spanish-language NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB) to identify score combinations that are uncommon within different stratifications of the normative sample and may indicate cognitive impairment.

Method: The Spanish-language NIHTB-CB normative sample included 250 healthy Latinx adults with complete data on two crystallized and five fluid cognitive tests (M = 38. Read More

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Neurocognitive correlates of numerical abilities in Parkinson's disease.

Neurol Sci 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

IRCCS San Camillo Hospital, Via Alberoni 70, 30126 Lido di Venezia, Venice, Italy.

People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience functional limitations early in the progression of the disease, showing, among other cognitive deficits, difficulties in mathematical abilities. The neural correlates of such abilities have been scarcely investigated in PD, and it is not known whether patients may exhibit difficulties only in formal numerical tasks (e.g. Read More

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