9,716 results match your criteria Cobb Syndrome


Effects of spinal mobilization techniques in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - A meta-analysis.

Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):44-49

Department of physical therapy, Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of diverse exercise regimes used in multiple Randomized Control Trials as the only conservative management strategy for increased Cobb angle among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Methods: Database such as Google Scholar, Medline, and BioMed Central was reconnoitered for the purpose of research articles of interest. Studies in which the effects of conservative management of scoliosis on the magnitude of Cobb angle were calculated were scrutinized procedurally, studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were retrieved and encompassed in the present study. Read More

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December 2018

Spinal phantom comparability study of Cobb angle measurement of scoliosis using digital radiographic imaging.

J Orthop Translat 2018 Oct 26;15:81-90. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Computed radiography (CR), digital radiography (DR) and biplanar radiography (EOS™ imaging system) are common imaging tools for radiographic evaluation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The effect of imaging methods in relation to later-on Cobb angle measurements on radiographs is not yet quantified. The study aimed to examine the compatibility between CR, DR and EOS for scoliotic quantification by evaluating the reliability, agreement of different imaging methods, and assessing the prediction performance for EOS measurement from that of CR and DR. Read More

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October 2018

Coronal Deformity Angular Ratio May Serve as A Valuable Parameter to Predict In-brace Correction in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Spine Center, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background Context: In-brace correction (IBC) plays an important role in curve progression of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) under brace treatment. We evaluated the coronal deformity angular ratio (C-DAR) as a potential predictor of IBC. Based on our experience, we postulated that a high C-DAR may result in low IBC. Read More

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December 2018

Factors That Influence In-brace Correction in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Spine Center, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify factors affecting in-brace correction in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: A retrospective analysis of AIS patients under Gensingen brace treatment in our scoliosis center from July 2015 to October 2017 was performed. The selection of patients accorded with the Scoliosis Research Society inclusion criteria for bracing study. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Failed high tibial osteotomy: A joint preserving alternative to total knee arthroplasty.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

MSk Lab, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, 7th Floor Lab Block, W6 8RF London, UK.

High tibial osteotomy is an attractive treatment option for young active patients wishing to return to high-level activities. However, it is not considered a long-term solution, with 30% revised at ten years. Currently, the only revision option is a total knee arthroplasty, a procedure that might not deliver the functional level expected by these highly active patients. Read More

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December 2018

New docs on the block: A profile of applicants and subsequent PGY1 trainees of categorical general surgery programs (2013-2016).

Am J Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

One:MAP Surgical Analytics, Department of Surgery, Loyola University Chicago Health Sciences Campus, 2160 S. 1st Avenue, Maywood, IL, 60153, USA; University of South Florida, Department of Surgery, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The categorical general surgery (GS) applicant pool and trainees have evolved. The purpose of this study is to profile contemporary applicants and subsequent matriculates of GS residencies.

Study Design: This study is a retrospective review of GS applicant and PGY1 trainee data which were obtained from ERAS, NRMP, and AAMC for the years 2013-2016. Read More

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November 2018

Deconvoluting surface-bound quinone proton coupled electron transfer in unbuffered solutions: towards a universal voltammetric pH electrode.

J Am Chem Soc 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Whilst quinone proton coupled electron transfer (PCET) under buffered conditions, is well understood, the situation is more complicated in unbuffered aqueous solutions. With a view to producing a quinone-based voltammetric pH electrode that can function universally in both buffered and unbuffered solutions by following a two electron (2e-) / two proton (2H+) Nernstian pathway over a wide pH range, the voltammetric response of strongly electronically coupled surface-bound quinones, directly integrated into a boron doped diamond (BDD) electrode, are investigated. A laser ablation process enables both integration of quinones into the BDD electrode surface with a high pKa1 (first protonation state) and with controllable, very low surface coverages (as low as two orders of magnitude below monolayer coverage). Read More

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December 2018

[Quantification of changes in the external morphology of the back by means of surface topography based on structured light in idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents after a year of treatment with orthopedic corse].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):145-156

Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia. Valencia, España.

Background: To quantify the morphological changes in the surface of the back of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis as a result of treatment with braces and to correlate them with radiographic changes.

Material And Methods: An analytical, cohort, prospective study on a sample of 31 adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. We divided them into two groups: eleven treated with braces and twenty without them. Read More

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December 2018

Anatomic Considerations in the Lateral Transpsoas Interbody Fusion: The Impact of Age, Sex, BMI, and Scoliosis.

Clin Spine Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.

Study Design: This is a retrospective case series.

Objective: Define the anatomic variations and the risk factors for such within the operative corridor of the transpsoas lateral interbody fusion.

Summary Of Background Data: The lateral interbody fusion approach has recently been associated with devastating complications such as injury to the lumbosacral plexus, surrounding vasculature, and bowel. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Reported Instances of Major Discrimination, Race/Ethnicity, and Inflammation Among Older Adults: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Johns Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions.

Background: This study examines the relationship between self-reported instances of major discrimination and inflammation among older adults, and explores whether this relationship varies in accordance with race/ethnicity. We hypothesized that self-reported instances of major discrimination would be associated with higher levels of high-risk inflammation, and that this relationship would be stronger for racial/ethnic minorities than Whites.

Methods: Data from the 2006/2008 Health and Retirement Study (HRS), an ongoing biennial nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States, was used to collect measures of self-reported instances of major discrimination and high-risk C-reactive protein (CRP), which was assayed from blood samples. Read More

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December 2018
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Can an Augmented Reality Headset Improve Accuracy of Acetabular Cup Orientation in Simulated THA? A Randomized Trial.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

K. Logishetty, L. Western, R. Morgan, F. Iranpour, J. P. Cobb, E. Auvinet, MSk Lab, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Accurate implant orientation reduces wear and increases stability in arthroplasty but is a technically demanding skill. Augmented reality (AR) headsets overlay digital information on top of the real world. We have developed an enhanced AR headset capable of tracking bony anatomy in relation to an implant, but it has not yet been assessed for its suitability as a training tool for implant orientation. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Clinical effectiveness of the posterior affected-vertebrae fixation method in posterior-anterior surgery to treat thoracic spinal tuberculosis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Spinal Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China; Shanghai Guolong hospital, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This retrospective comparative analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of affected-vertebrae fixation versus short-segment fixation to treat thoracic spinal tuberculosis.

Methods: This study included 110 patients receiving treatment for thoracic spinal tuberculosis at this hospital between January 2006 and June 2013. All cases involved the use of posterior spinal correction, posterior lateral fusion, internal fixation, anterior decompression, radical debridement, and intervertebral supporting bone grafts. Read More

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November 2018

How Common Is Back Pain and What Biopsychosocial Factors Are Associated With Back Pain in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

A. Y. L. Wong, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China D. Samartzis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA P. W. H. Cheung, J. P. Y. Cheung, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spine deformity in adolescent patients. Although structural deformity may affect spinal biomechanics of patients with AIS, little is known regarding various period prevalence proportions of back pain and chronic back pain and factors associated with back pain in such patients.

Questions/purposes: (1) What are the period prevalence rates of back pain among teenagers with AIS? (2) Is back pain in patients with AIS associated with curve severity?

Methods: A total of 987 patients with AIS who were treated without surgery were recruited from a single center's scoliosis clinic. Read More

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November 2018

Determination of optimal screw number based on correction angle for main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shinshu University, School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.

Background: Reducing the number of screw insertions while maintaining good clinical outcomes can improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of scoliosis surgery. However, the optimal minimum number of pedicle screws remains unclear. This study searched for factors to estimate the fewest number of pedicle screws required between end vertebrae in relation to preoperative main thoracic curve flexibility. Read More

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December 2018

[Modified incision to prevent the postoperative spinal lateral angulation in surgery via anterior approach for lumbar fracture].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):1049-1053

Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: To explore a method of modified incision to prevent the postoperative spinal lateral angulation via anterior approach for lumbar fracture.

Methods: A total 40 patients with lumbar fracture from January 2016 to Jun 2017 were internalized in the study. Including 28 males and 12 females, aged from 27 to 68 years with an average of (39. Read More

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November 2018

[Application of cortical bone trajectory screw in elderly patients with lumbar tuberculosis].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):1012-1016

Department of Orthopaedics, Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of cortical bone trajectory screw technology combined with anterior mini-open debridement and prop graft for lumbar tuberculosis in elderly.

Methods: The clinical data of 22 patients with lumbar tuberculosis treated by cortical bone trajectory screw technology combined with anterior mini-open debridement and prop graft from February 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 9 females with an average age of (73. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

[Treatment of senile spinal tuberculosis with posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with local percutaneous endoscopic debridement].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):1005-1011

Department of Surgery, Ningbo No.6 Hospital, Ningbo 315040, Zhejiang, China;

Objective: To explore the short-term efficacy of posterior percutaneous screw fixation combined with local percutaneous endoscopic debridement in treating senile spinal tuberculosis.

Methods: The clinical data of 19 senile patients with spinal tuberculosis underwent surgical treatment from January 2015 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females, aged from 60 to 73 years old with an average of (66. Read More

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November 2018

[Feasibility study of preoperative percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis with psoas abscess].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):998-1004

Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of preoperative percutaneous drainage in lumbar tuberculosis with psoas abscess, through compare the clinical efficacy of two different methods.

Methods: Thirty-six patients with lumbar tuberculosis complicated with psoas abscess in corresponding with the inclusion criteria were admitted in Zhejiang Province Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from January 2015 to January 2017. The patients were divided into group A and group B according to the different therapeutic methods. Read More

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November 2018

[Treatment of tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly patients with percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):987-992

Department of Orthopaedics, Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Hangzhou, 310003, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effects and advantages of percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation in the treatment of tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly.

Methods: The clinical data of 32 patients with tuberculosis of lumbar spine received percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation from May 2013 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 62 to 85 years old with an average of 75 years. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Ameliorative effects of selenium on the excess apoptosis of the jejunum caused by AFB through death receptor and endoplasmic reticulum pathways.

Toxicol Res (Camb) 2018 Nov 4;7(6):1108-1119. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

College of Veterinary Medicine , Sichuan Agricultural University , Chengdu , Sichuan 611130 , PR China . Email:

Aflatoxin B (AFB), one of most potent and common mycotoxins in human food and animal feed, has hepatotoxic and carcinogenic effects on humans and poultry. Recent studies indicated that selenium (Se) has a protective effect on apoptosis induced by toxin poisoning. The present study was designed to reveal the ameliorative effects of selenium on the expression of apoptosis related molecules in the jejunum of broilers exposed to an AFB diet for 3 weeks. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Ameliorative effect of dietary supplementation of copper oxide nanoparticles on inflammatory and immune reponses in commercial broiler under normal and heat-stress housing conditions.

J Therm Biol 2018 Dec 19;78:235-246. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA.

Heat stress (HS) is one of the most serious adverse conditions that affect poultry causing immunosuppression and decreasing production. In a novel approach, we investigated effects of supplementing copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) on the immune response in two commercial broiler strains (Ross 308 and Cobb 500). At one day old, birds were divided into 3 groups with 3 replicates for each. Read More

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December 2018

Risk factors associated with clinical adjacent segment pathology following multi-level cervical fusion surgery.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13480

Department of Orthopedics, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang.

Few clinical studies investigate risk factors associated with clinical adjacent segment pathology (CASP) following multi-level cervical fusion surgery. The aim is to record the incidence of postoperative CASP in patients after at least 2 years' follow-up and to identify possible risk factors that may be associated with the CASP after multi-level cervical surgery.We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent multi-level cervical surgery in our hospital from January 2004 to February 2016. Read More

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November 2018

Changes to mineral levels in the yolk of meat chicken embryos during incubation.

Poult Sci 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Poultry Research Foundation, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia.

A total of 864 settable Cobb 500 eggs were used to explore changes in yolk mineral content during incubation. Eggs were individually weighed and then placed in a commercial incubator. On embryonic day (ED) 0, 6. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The dynamics of body composition and body energy content in broilers.

Poult Sci 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Body composition (BC) analysis is important because the modern broiler is one of the most efficient animals in producing protein for human consumption, and a proper nutrition could potentiate this meat production. BC by chemical analysis was analyzed in 151 broilers from 1to 60 d of age. Birds were fed mash feeds ad libitum in four phases (starter 1 to 14d, grower 15 to 28 d, finisher 29 to 42 d, and withdrawal 43 to 60 d). Read More

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November 2018
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A new ovine model of spine and chest wall deformity at birth with alteration of respiratory system mechanics and lung development: a feasibility study.

Eur Spine J 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Neonatal Respiratory Research Unit, Departments of Pediatrics and Pharmacology-Physiology, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Purpose: To develop an animal model of spine and chest wall deformity (CWD) at birth and to evaluate its effects on respiratory system mechanics and lung development.

Methods: A spine and CWD was created in utero between 70 and 75 days of gestation in six ovine fetuses by resection of the seventh and eighth left ribs. Two days after birth, respiratory system mechanics was assessed in anesthetized lambs using the flexiVent apparatus, followed by postmortem measurement of lung mechanics as well as histological lung analysis. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Radiographic outcome and complications after single-level lumbar extended pedicle subtraction osteotomy for fixed sagittal malalignment: a retrospective analysis of 55 adult spinal deformity patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Nov 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEFixed sagittal spinal malalignment is a common problem in adult spinal deformity (ASD). Various three-column osteotomy techniques, including the extended pedicle subtraction osteotomy (ePSO), may correct global and regional malalignment in this patient population. In contrast to the number of reports on traditional PSO (Schwab grade 3 osteotomy), there is limited literature on the outcomes of ePSO (Schwab grade 4 osteotomy) in ASD surgery. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Noncontact sports participation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: effects on parent-reported and patient-reported outcomes.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center.

Comparing risks against benefits of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients participating in sports represents a controversial topic in the literature. Previous studies have reported sports participation as a possible risk factor for AIS development, while others describe its functional benefits for AIS athletes. The objective of this study was to determine if sports participation had an impact on pain, function, mental status, and self-perception of deformity in patients and their parents. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Performance and intestinal microbiota of chickens receiving probiotic in the feed and submitted to antibiotic therapy.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Animal Science, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to verify the ability of a probiotic in the feed to maintain the stability of the gut microbiota in chickens after antibiotic therapy and its association with growth performance. One thousand six hundred twenty 1-day-old Cobb male were housed in floor pens (36 pens, 45 birds/pen) and were fed corn-/soya bean meal-based diets supplemented with or without probiotic (Bacillus subtilis) during the entire rearing phase. From 21 to 24 days of age (three consecutive days), the chickens were submitted to antibiotic therapy via drinking water (bacitracin and neomycin) in order to mimic a field treatment and induce dysbiosis. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The effect of C2-3 disc angle on postoperative adverse events in cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Oct 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEComplete radiographic and clinical evaluations are essential in the surgical treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Prior studies have correlated cervical sagittal imbalance and kyphosis with disability and worse health-related quality of life. However, little is known about C2-3 disc angle and its correlation with postoperative outcomes. Read More

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October 2018

Case-matched comparative analysis of spinal deformity correction in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita versus adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEAs scoliosis in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is unusual and the number of cases reviewed in previous studies is also relatively small, no previous study exists that has directly compared the results of spinal deformity correction between AMC and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. The aim of this study was to compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes of surgical correction of spinal deformity associated with AMC versus AIS.METHODSTwenty-four adolescents with AMC were matched with 48 AIS patients in terms of Cobb angle of main curve, curve pattern, sex, age at surgery, Risser grade, and length of follow-up. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

New sagittal classification of AIS: validation by 3D characterization.

Eur Spine J 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Spine Surgery, Centre Medico Chirurgical et de Réadaptation des Massues - Croix Rouge Francaise, 92 rue Edmond Locard, 69322, Lyon Cedex 05, France.

Introduction And Aim: In order to improve surgical planning of sagittal correction in AIS, we proposed a new sagittal classification-Abelin-Genevois et al. Eur Spine J (27(9):2192-2202, 2018. https://doi. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cancer in an Historic Washington DC African American Population and Its Geospatial Distribution.

Front Oncol 2018 13;8:383. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

W. Montague Cobb Research Laboratory, Howard University, Washington, DC, United States.

Cancer continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the African American community but insights into the types and incidence of cancer 85 years ago have been virtually non-existent and little is known of its geospatial distribution. Historical information on cancer can shed light on current health disparities, particularly among African Americans. The aims of this study were to: (1) assess the frequencies of the cancer types present among Cobb Collection individuals; (2) compare these data with current research on cancer in African Americans; and (3) evaluate the pattern of cancer expression, including its geospatial distributions, as a cause of death between 1931 and 1969 in an historic African American subgroup and compare this pattern with the historic and contemporary patterns of cancer etiology and incidence. Read More

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November 2018

[Assessing right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension based on noninvasive measurements: correlation between cardiac MRI, ultrasonic cardiogram, multidetector CT and right heart catheterization].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;98(43):3528-3531

Department of Radiology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To compare the value of cardiac MRI (CMRI), ultrasonic cardiogram (UCG), multidetector CT (MDCT) in assessing right ventricular function (RV) in patients with PAH. A total of 31 consecutive patients with PAH (17 males and 14 females, 55±12 years) in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from August 2012 to February 2014 were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent CMRI to get parameters including right ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV), end-diastolic dimension (EDV), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF), ventricular mass index (VMI). Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

[Assessment of biomechanical properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;98(43):3485-3489

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To assess the bio-mechanical properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The MyotonPro® device and shear wave elasticity imaging(SWEI) technique were applied to detect the paraspinal muscle tone (F), stiffness (S), relaxation time (R), Deborah number (C) and elasticity (D) of paravertebral muscles on the concave side and convex side of scoliosis curvature at several points: apex of the curve (a), upper (b) and lower (c) limits of the curve in 23 cases of AIS treated from October to December 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital.Cobb angle of the main curve was measured on the standing anteroposterior whole spine radiograph. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Alterations of the gut microbiome and plasma proteome in Chinese patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Bone 2018 Nov 24;120:364-370. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Rehabilitation, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China; Department of Rehabilitation, Xinhua Hospital (Chongming Branch), Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 202150, China. Electronic address:

The etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), the most common rotational deformity of the spine, is still unclear. Emerging evidence suggests that gut microbiota dysbiosis influences musculoskeletal diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis. However, the alterations of the fecal microbiome in AIS remain unknown. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The Conservative Treatment of Traumatic Thoracolumbar Vertebral Fractures.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 Oct;115(42):697-704

Department of Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leibzig, Germany; Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, BG Hospital Bergmannstrost, Halle, Germany; Reha Assist Deutschland GmbH, Berlin, Germany; Collm Klinik Oschatz GmbH, Oschatz, Germany; Department of Orthopedic, Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital of Halle, Halle, Germany; Department of General Orthopedic and Spine Surgery, St. Josef-Hospital Bochum, University Hospital of the Ruhr University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Background: The conservative treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar vertebral fractures is often not clearly defined.

Methods: This review is based on articles retrieved by a systematic search in the PubMed and Web of Science databases for publications up to February 2018 dealing with the conservative treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. The search initially yielded 3345 hits, of which 35 were suitable for use in this review. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Radiological and Clinical Outcome after Multilevel Anterior Cervical Discectomy and/or Corpectomy and Fixation.

J Clin Med 2018 Nov 23;7(12). Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum Dortmund, 44145 Dortmund, Germany.

Background: Multilevel anterior cervical decompression and fixation of four and more levels is a common surgical procedure used for several diseases.

Methods: We reviewed the radiological and clinical outcomes after anterior cervical discectomy or corpectomy and fixation of four and more levels in 85 patients (55 men and 30 women) with an average age of 59.6 years. Read More

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November 2018

Cervical and Cervicothoracic Sagittal Alignment According to Roussouly's Thoracolumbar Subtypes.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Study Design: Cross-sectional cohort.

Objective: To determine normative radiographic sagittal cervical alignment in asymptomatic volunteers based on Roussouly's thoracolumbar sagittal alignment subtypes.

Summary Of Background Data: Comprehension of differences in cervicothoracic alignment with respect to variations in thoracolumbar alignment is limited. Read More

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November 2018

Does the Severity of the Curve in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Affect the Distance and Position of the Aorta from Vertebra?

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (NOCERAL), Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Study Design: Retrospective study of a prospectively-collected data.

Objective: To determine whether the severity of the curve magnitude in Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients affects the distance and position of the aorta from the vertebra.

Summary Of Background Data: There were studies that looked into the position of the aorta in scoliotic patients but none of them documented the change in distance of the aorta to the vertebra in relation to the magnitude of the scoliosis. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of Single Level vs Multi-level Vertebral Column Resection Surgery for Pediatric Patients with Severe Spinal Deformities.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Spinal Deformity Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort of pediatric patients (
Objective: To compare patients who underwent single versus. multi-level VCR surgery in terms of radiographic correction and perioperative complications. Read More

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November 2018

Combined effects of guanidinoacetic acid, coenzyme Q and taurine on growth performance, gene expression and ascites mortality in broiler chickens.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

High levels of guanidinoacetate acid (GAA) deteriorate growth response in broiler chickens. We propose using coenzyme Q , an antioxidant, and taurine (TAU), a methyl donor, to cope with the situation when high level of GAA included in diet. GAA was supplemented at 0 (control), 0. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Integrated process for anaerobically digested swine manure treatment.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Nov 14;273:506-514. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Center for Biorefining and Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA; The Engineering Research Center for Biomass Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330047, China. Electronic address:

An integrated three-step process was proposed for the treatment of the anaerobically digested swine manure (ADSM). The flocculation and struvite precipitation were used as the pre-treatment to remove the particles and reduce phosphorus to balance the condition for the algae growth. In the biological step, the 40% group (2. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Racial and Ethnic Postoperative Outcomes After Surgery: The Hispanic Paradox.

J Surg Res 2018 Dec 3;232:88-93. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: The Hispanic population in the United States have previously been shown to have, in some cases, better health outcomes than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) despite having lower socioeconomic status and higher frequency of comorbidities. This epidemiologic finding is coined as the Hispanic Paradox (HP). Few studies have evaluated if the HP exists in surgical patients. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Put Me in the Game Coach! Resident Participation in High-risk Surgery in the Era of Big Data.

J Surg Res 2018 Dec 14;232:308-317. Epub 2018 Jul 14.

Department of Surgery, One:MAP Section of Surgical Analytics, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, Illinois; Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: With the emphasis on quality metrics guiding reimbursement, concerns have emerged regarding resident participation in patient care. This study aimed to evaluate whether resident participation in high-risk elective general surgery procedures is safe.

Materials And Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2005-2012) was used to identify patients undergoing one of five high-risk general surgery procedures. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Phenotypic and genetic variation in the response of chickens to Eimeria tenella induced coccidiosis.

Genet Sel Evol 2018 Nov 21;50(1):63. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, UK.

Background: Coccidiosis is a major contributor to losses in poultry production. With emerging constraints on the use of in-feed prophylactic anticoccidial drugs and the relatively high costs of effective vaccines, there are commercial incentives to breed chickens with greater resistance to this important production disease. To identify phenotypic biomarkers that are associated with the production impacts of coccidiosis, and to assess their covariance and heritability, 942 Cobb500 commercial broilers were subjected to a defined challenge with Eimeria tenella (Houghton). Read More

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November 2018
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The time course of cervical alignment after cervical expansive laminoplasty: Determining optimal cut-off preoperative angle for predicting postoperative kyphosis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13335

Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Retrospective Cohort studyTo analyze cervical lordosis angle (CLA) change after cervical expansive laminoplasty (CEL) over time, and to determine optimal cut-off angle for predicting postoperative kyphosisPostoperative development of sagittal malalignment after laminoplasty is associated with neurological dysfunction and neck pain. However, there is no information on the serial CLA change over time and cut-off angle for predicting postoperative kyphosisThe Cobb angle between C2 and C7 in a series of lateral cervical X-rays in the neutral position was retrospectively reviewed for 36 months. And, the effect of time on CLA after CEL and the risk factors associated with postoperative cervical kyphosis (Cobb's angle ≤0°) were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

Effects of methionine on muscle protein synthesis and degradation pathways in broilers.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Nutrition Physiology, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

This study investigated the hypothesis that supplementation of methionine (Met) to broiler diets increases muscle growth due to regulation of molecular pathways related to protein synthesis and degradation depending on the Met source. Day-old male Cobb-500 broilers (n = 240) were phase-fed three different wheat-soya bean meal-based basal diets during days 1-10, 11-21 and 22-35. Basal diets (Met- group, Met + Cys concentration 15% below NRC recommendations) were supplemented with 0. Read More

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November 2018

The Duration of the correction loss after removing cheneau brace in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Rehabilitation, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland; Clinic of Rehabilitation, Provincial Specialist Children's Hospital in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the loss of truncal rotation over 54 hours after removing Chêneau brace.

Methods: The studied groups consisted of 39 girls aged 10-18 years old, diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and treated with Chêneau brace (CAST) and 20 AIS girls aged 10-18 years old, not treated with bracing. Posterior-anterior radiographs were obtained from the clinical assessment of all subjects and were subsequently used to determine Cobb angles. Read More

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November 2018

Predicting the occurrence of complications following corrective cervical deformity surgery: Analysis of a prospective multicenter database using predictive analytics.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

International Spine Study Group Foundation, Littleton, CO, USA.

We developed a predictive model to describe risk factors for complications in cervical deformity surgeries. Cervical deformity (CD) surgical patients are growing in number, but remain under-studied in the literature. CD was defined as at least one of the following: C2-C7 Cobb >10°, CL >10°, cSVA >4 cm, CBVA >25°. Read More

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November 2018
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Preliminary experience in treating thoracic spinal tuberculosis via a posterior modified transfacet debridement, instrumentation, and interbody fusion.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Nov 20;13(1):292. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 20 Chazhong Road, Fuzhou City, 350005, Fujian Province, China.

Background: Posterior transfacet approach has been proved to be a safe and effective access to treat thoracic disc herniation. However, the therapeutic effect and safety of modified transfacet approach for treating thoracic spinal tuberculosis (TST) has not been reported in the clinical literature. In this study, the clinical efficacy and safety of a single-stage posterior modified transfacet debridement, posterior instrumentation, and interbody fusion for treating TST were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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November 2018
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