1,166 results match your criteria Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis


[Analysis of the burden of coal worker's pneumoconiosis disease in a mining group].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020 Apr;38(4):282-285

Huaibei Mining Co., Ltd. Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Hospital, Huaibei 235000, China.

To provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis and the formulation of relevant policies, this paper discusses the loss of health life and economic loss caused by coal worker's pneumoconiosis in a mining group. From March to October 2017, 1262 cases of coal worker's pneumoconiosis were diagnosed in a mining group from 1972 to 2013. The direct and indirect economic losses are calculated by the step-by-step model method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20190107-00011DOI Listing

[Follow-up and retrospective investigation of patients with pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province, China].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020 Apr;38(4):251-255

Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210028, China.

To investigate the features, changing trend, and rules of pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province, China, as well as the health status of patients with pneumoconiosis. From July to October 2019, the patients with pneumoconiosis, reported up to the end of 2018 in Jiangsu Province, were enrolled as respondents, and follow-up and retrospective investigation were performed. A total of 24405 patients with pneumoconiosis were investigated, and related data were collected from the monitoring system of cause of death for residents, pneumoconiosis network reporting system, occupational disease diagnosis institution, management institutions for the reporting of occupational diseases, and related residents' committee or village committee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20191115-00530DOI Listing

[Serum metabolomics in latent pneumoconiosis tuberculosis patients based on ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020 Apr;38(4):246-250

National Center for Occupational Safety and Health, NHC (National Center for Occupational Medicine of Coal Industry, NHC) , Beijing 102308, China.

To explore the non-target metabonomics of serum in worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) patients with latent tuberculosis and the biomarkers of latent tuberculosis infection of pneumoconiosis. In December 2018, 39 CWP inpatients from a hospital in Beijing were taken as subjects. The subjects were screened for latent tuberculosis using the in vitro release test of mycobacterium tuberculosis-interferon (IGRAs) test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20190613-00239DOI Listing

Associations of gene polymorphisms with risk of coal workers' pneumoconiosis susceptibility in Chinese Han population.

Inhal Toxicol 2020 Mar 14;32(4):170-176. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei, China.

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein plays an important pathogenic role in various diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis. However, the relationship between variation of gene and susceptibility to coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) remains unclear. The objective of the study was to determine the association between polymorphisms and CWP in Chinese Han population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08958378.2020.1764153DOI Listing

Pleural Sarcoidosis and Occult Lymphatic Anthracosis: An Unusual Symptomatic Association.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2020 17;7(5):001479. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal.

Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology. Virtually any organ or system can be involved, resulting in a wide range of clinical presentation. Pleural sarcoidosis is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2020_001479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7213820PMC

A Case of Nodal Anthracosis Presenting as PET-Positive Mediastinal and Hilar Lymphadenopathies.

Mayo Clin Proc 2020 May;95(5):1080-1081

Department of Radiology, Cleveland Clinic Akron General, Akron, OH.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.01.040DOI Listing

A new era of coal workers' pneumoconiosis: decades in mines may not be required.

Lancet 2020 05;395(10234):e82

Stone Mountain Health Services, Black Lung Clinic Program, St. Charles VA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30731-5DOI Listing

[The characteristics of spatial-temporal evolvement of pneumoconiosis in Hebei Province from 2009 to 2018].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020 Mar;38(3):175-179

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, China; Hebei Province Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Shijiazhuang 050021, China.

To explore the temporal and spatial characteristics of pneumoconiosis in Hebei Province from 2009 to 2018, and to provide evidence for the policy development of pneumoconiosis prevention and control. In February 2019, a database of pneumoconiosis incidence from 2009 to 2018 in Hebei Province was built. The spatial-temporal distribution of pneumoconiosis in Hebei Province was displayed based on barycenter migration technology and spatial autocorrelation analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20190507-00182DOI Listing

[Monitoring of major occupational diseases and analysis of occupational group's health status of Jining in 2018].

Authors:
X M Zhang

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020 Jan;38(1):41-44

Jining Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Occupational Health Section, Jining 272000, China.

To analyze the major occupational disease surveillance and the occupational health examination of Jining in 2018, provide the basis for the government department formulating occupational disease prevention measures. In January 2019, collecting data of the occupational disease and Occupational Health Information Surveillance Network in Jining from January 1 to December 31, 2018, 37295 workers were collected, and 37295 workers who were exposed to key occupational disease risk factors and underwent occupational health check-up during their working period. The contact of occupational Hazard Factors and occupational health examination were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2020.01.009DOI Listing
January 2020

The utility of elastography during EBUS-TBNA in a population with a high prevalence of anthracosis.

Clin Respir J 2020 May 19;14(5):488-494. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Ultrasound elastography, is a pioneer sonographic modality that is conducted during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in order to increase the accuracy of sampling location. The current study aims to evaluate the usefulness of elastography during EBUS-TBNA in a population with a high prevalence of anthracosis.

Methods: This prospective single-blinded study was performed on 69 lymph nodes (LNs) of patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy undergoing EBUS-TBNA and EBUS-elastography from October 2017 to July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13159DOI Listing
May 2020
2.197 Impact Factor

Not all abolished lung sliding are pneumothorax: the case of a particular lung atelectasis.

J Ultrasound 2020 Jan 22. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Unit of Ultrasound in Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, "G. d'Annunzio" University, Chieti, Italy.

Introduction: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is expanding from the field of emergency medicine, also to the pneumological specialist field, becoming part of the diagnostic procedure of lung consolidation.

Case Presentation: A 78-year-old male was admitted to our emergency department for exertional dyspnea. LUS was performed, thus showing at right hemitorax air interface, A lines pattern, pleural sliding abolished on the whole hemitorax, thus suggesting a pneumothorax, but no evidence of lung point. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00427-0DOI Listing
January 2020

[Clinical characteristics of pneumoconiosis complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Dec;37(12):899-902

National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, China Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100050, China.

To analyze the pulmonary function and clinical features of coal worker's pneumoconiosis complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) , coal worker's pneumoconiosis and COPD, in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of coal worker's pneumoconiosis complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Selected patients in respiratory department of General Hospital of Jincheng Coal Industry Group were classified as pneumoconiosis complicated with COPD group (=52) , pneumoconiosis group (=70) and COPD group (=50) . Clinical data were collected and compared between three groups, including age, history of smoking, BMI, pulmonary function, CAT score and complication with Hypoxemia and respiratory faliure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.12.005DOI Listing
December 2019

Levels of Polonium-210 in brain and pulmonary tissues: Preliminary study in autopsies conducted in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Sci Rep 2020 Jan 13;10(1):180. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

The accumulation of detectable amounts of radon progeny in human tissues may be a risk factor for development and progression of chronic diseases. In this preliminary study, we analyzed the levels of alpha-emitting radon progeny Polonium-210 (Po) in the olfactory epithelium, olfactory bulb, frontal lobe, and lung tissues in cadavers from the city of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. We also assessed the association between Po levels and exposure parameters for urban air pollution using linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, smoke, time living in Sao Paulo, daily commuting, socioeconomic index, and anthracosis (traffic-related black carbon accumulation in the pleural region and in lymph). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56973-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6957520PMC
January 2020

A thermogravimetric analysis application to determine coal, carbonate, and non-carbonate minerals mass fractions in respirable mine dust.

J Occup Environ Hyg 2020 Feb - Mar;17(2-3):47-58. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Mining and Minerals Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Occupational lung diseases such as coal worker's pneumoconiosis, often called black lung, are caused by exposures to respirable coal mine dust. Dust composition is increasingly understood as an important disease factor, and it can vary significantly depending on dust source materials and generation processes. For regulatory compliance purposes, the mass concentration and quartz percentage of respirable dust are monitored in U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1695057DOI Listing
December 2019

[Analysis on the incidence of occupational pneumoconiosis of migrant workers in Shiyan city from 2013 to 2017].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Sep;37(9):683-686

Shiyan Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases, Shiyan 442000, China.

To explore the incidence regularity and characteristics of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers in Shiyan city, and to provide a basis for making policies about pneumoconiosis prevention and treatment among migrant workers. In September 2018, 338 cases of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers and 354 cases of pneumoconiosis among non-migrant workers were collected between 2013 and 2017. The proportions of pneumoconiosis types, the age and seniority of onset workers, the severity grade of pneumoconiosis, the type of pneumoconiosis, the type of work and regional distribution, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.09.012DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

[Influencing factors of no seeking medical treatment among pneumoconiosis patients].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Sep;37(9):643-649

National Institute of Occupational Health & Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To study the causes and influencing factors of no seeking medical treatment among pneumoconiosis patients. Using stratified sampling method and typical survey method, we carried out the questionnaire survey in nine provinces in China including the east, the medium and the western region using a questionnaire on the seeking medical behavior pf pneumoconiosis patients and the influencing factors. The subjects include occupational pneumoconiosis cases and clinically diagnosed cases and the response rate is 94. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.09.002DOI Listing
September 2019
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A Rare Case of Bronchial Anthracofibrosis with Pleural Anthracosis Presented as Recurrent Pleural Effusion.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 28;2019:2982763. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Director & Professor, Department of TB and Respiratory Diseases, National Institute of TB and Respiratory Diseases, New Delhi, India.

A fifty-eight-year-old, nonsmoker Indian male presented with recurrent left pleural effusion. He had history of dry cough, exertional breathlessness for the last two years. He denied any occupational exposure or second hand smoke exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2982763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6735217PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Effects of occupational exposure to dust on chest radiograph, pulmonary function, blood pressure and electrocardiogram among coal miners in an eastern province, China.

BMC Public Health 2019 Sep 5;19(1):1229. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China.

Background: Coal dust is one of the most serious risk factor that leads to respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases in miners. This study aimed to observe the effects of occupational dust exposure on chest radiograph, pulmonary function (PF), blood pressure (BP) and electrocardiogram (ECG) indexes in coal miners and explore the related risk factors.

Methods: In the Chinese Occupational Disease Monitoring and Occupational Health Risk Assessment Program, a total of 11,061 subjects in 2015 and 12,597 subjects in 2016 were recruited in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7568-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6728990PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Diagnostic triad of pulmonary anthracofibrosis in spiral CT scan - a retrospective study.

Pol J Radiol 2019 9;84:e234-e239. Epub 2019 May 9.

Department of Radiology, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: Anthracosis, a form of pneumoconiosis commonly caused by air pollution and other environmental factors, is a new entity in respiratory disorders. Bronchoscopy and transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) are the gold standard of diagnosis. Herein, we evaluated the results of bronchoscopy and chest computed tomography (CT) scans of 187 anthracotic patients. Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/pjr.2019.87080
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2019.87080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6717949PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

Pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma accompanying synchronous primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma and benign interstitial lesions.

J Clin Exp Hematop 2019 Sep 8;59(3):140-144. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare type of extranodal large B-cell lymphoma, and initial or predominant presentation in the lungs is uncommon. The synchronous occurrence of IVLBCL and malignant tumors is less frequent, and no such reports have described pulmonary presentations. We report a rare case of pulmonary IVLBCL accompanying lung cancer and interstitial lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3960/jslrt.19012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6798143PMC
September 2019
5 Reads

Pathological Findings in Lowland Tapirs (Tapirus terrestris) Killed by Motor Vehicle Collision in the Brazilian Cerrado.

J Comp Pathol 2019 Jul 12;170:34-45. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Laboratório de Patologia Comparada de Animais Selvagens, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Professor Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, Brazil.

The lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) is the largest land mammal in South America. The species faces steady population decline due to poaching, habitat loss and fragmentation, road-kill, pesticide pollution, competition with domestic livestock and fires, among other threats. The lowland tapir is currently listed as vulnerable to extinction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2019.05.004DOI Listing
July 2019
2 Reads

[Introduction to Professor Ma Guiqin's experience in treatment of occupational pneumoconiosis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Jul;44(13):2871-2874

Guang'anmen Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Beijing 100053,China.

Occupational pneumoconiosis refers to a group of occupational pulmonary diseases,which is mainly characterized by diffuse fibrosis of lung tissue caused by inhalation of different pathogenic productive dust and retention in the lungs during occupational activities for a long period of time. According to the classification and catalogue of occupational diseases in China,it is mainly classified into 12 categories,such as silicosis,coal worker's pneumoconiosis,asbestos lung. At present,it is the most serious and most common occupational disease in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190419.502DOI Listing
July 2019
5 Reads

'X-rays don't tell lies': the Medical Research Council and the measurement of respiratory disability, 1936-1945.

Authors:
Coreen McGuire

Br J Hist Sci 2019 Sep 22;52(3):447-465. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Department of Philosophy, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Bristol, BS6 6JL, UK. Email:

During the first half of the twentieth century, the mining industry in Britain was subject to recurrent disputes about the risk to miners' lungs from coal dust, moderated by governmental, industrial, medical and mining bodies. In this environment, precise measurements offered a way to present uncontested objective knowledge. By accessing primary source material from the National Archives, the South Wales Miners Library and the University of Bristol's Special Collections, I demonstrate the importance that the British Medical Research Council (MRC) attached to standardized instrumental measures as proof of objectivity, and explore the conflict between objective and subjective measures of health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007087419000232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136074PMC
September 2019

Distract, delay, disrupt: examples of manufactured doubt from five industries.

Rev Environ Health 2019 Dec;34(4):349-363

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts - Amherst, 171C Goessmann, 686 N. Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.

Manufactured doubt describes the efforts used by organizations or individuals to obscure the harmful effects of their products or actions by manipulating science. Although approaches to do so are widely used, relevant stakeholders are often unaware of these tactics. Here, we examine the strategies used in five cases of manufactured doubt: tobacco and adverse health; coal and black lung; Syngenta and the herbicide atrazine; the sugar industry and cardiovascular disease; and the Marshall Institute and climate change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2019-0004DOI Listing
December 2019

Black lungs in the general population: a new look at an old dispute.

J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2019 Jun;49(2):165-170

University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Almost from the time that autopsies were first routinely carried out, darkening of lungs with increasing age was described. Different explanations for the origin of the accumulating black pigment arose and by the early nineteenth century three hypotheses had emerged: 1) soot inhaled into the lungs from the air; 2) carbon accumulating in the lungs from abnormal pulmonary carbon dioxide metabolism; and, 3) pigment derived from the blood. In 1813 the English physician and chemist George Pearson published a paper in which he described the recovery of the black pigment from lungs and its chemical analysis. Read More

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https://www.rcpe.ac.uk/college/journal/black-lungs-general-p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4997/JRCPE.2019.219DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads

Targeting the RAS axis alleviates silicotic fibrosis and Ang II-induced myofibroblast differentiation via inhibition of the hedgehog signaling pathway.

Toxicol Lett 2019 Oct 7;313:30-41. Epub 2019 Jun 7.

School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China; Hebei Key Laboratory for Organ Fibrosis, Medical Research Center, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China. Electronic address:

The hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays an important role in lung development, but its significance in silicosis is unclear. We showed that in human coal pneumoconiosis autopsy specimens, Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) and the Glioma-associated oncogene homolog transcription factors family (GLI) 1 proteins were up-regulated, whereas Patch-1 (PTC) was down-regulated. The protein levels of SHH, smoothened (SMO), GLI1, GLI2, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type Ⅰ (Col Ⅰ) were also elevated gradually in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of different stages of coal pneumoconiosis patients, dynamic silica-inhalation rat lung tissue and MRC-5 cells induced by Ang II at different time points, whereas the PTC and GLI3 levels were diminished gradually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2019.05.023DOI Listing
October 2019
11 Reads
3.262 Impact Factor

[Comprehensive rehabilitation of individualized exercise program for coal workers pneumoconiosis in Huaibei Coal Mine Group].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 May;37(5):357-361

School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China.

To explore the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation treatment of individualized exercise program on lung function, exercise ability, quality of life and biochemical indexes of coal workers' pneumoconiosis patients, and to provide scientific and effective methods for rehabilitation treatment of coal workers' pneumoconiosis. In Huaibei Coal Mine Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Hospital, the data of pneumoconiosis patients treated by pneumoconiosis department in the hospital were collected and sorted out. 80 patients were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.05.008DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

[Epidemiological analysis of 1494 cases of pneumoconiosis in a city].

Authors:
Z Du Y Huang

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Apr;37(4):289-291

Yichang Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Yichang 443000, China.

To analyze the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in Yichang City from 2006 to 2016, and to provide a scientific basis for the administrative department to formulate prevention and control strategies for pneumoconiosis. From 2006 to 2016, through the China Disease Control Information System Occupational Disease and Occupational Health Inspection System, relevant data were obtained, and the types of pneumoconiosis, the disease area and the dust-collecting age in Yichang City were statistically analyzed. There were 1494 cases of pneumoconiosis in Yichang City, which were mainly distributed in 1 076 cases (72. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.04.012DOI Listing
April 2019
21 Reads

[Analysis on the monitoring results of occupational health of workers who leaving their posts from small-sized coal mines].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Apr;37(4):283-285

Hubei Yichang Disease Prevention and Control Center, Yichang 443000, China.

To explore the health status of the workers who were leaving their posts from small-scaled coal mines, and to provide evidence for coal workers' pneumoconiosis prevention and safeguard measures. In 2017, 1008 workers from the coal mine in a town were monitored for occupational health, and the effects of working type, age were analyzed and evaluated. The health monitoring of the mine workers in this town showed high rate of the abnormal detection of respiratory system and cardiovascular system, the incidence rate of pneumoconiosis was up to 34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Bacterial communities associated with anthracnose symptomatic and asymptomatic leaves of guarana, an endogenous tropical crop, and their pathogen antagonistic effects.

Arch Microbiol 2019 Oct 23;201(8):1061-1073. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Genetics, "Luiz de Queiroz" College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

Plants are colonized by diverse microorganisms that can substantially impact their health and growth. Understanding bacterial diversity and the relationships between bacteria and phytopathogens may be key to finding effective biocontrol agents. We evaluated the bacterial community associated with anthracnose symptomatic and asymptomatic leaves of guarana, a typical tropical crop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00203-019-01677-1DOI Listing
October 2019
5 Reads

Anthracofibrotic Lymph Node of Neck Mimicking Metastatic Malignant Melanoma in a Patient With Gastric Cancer.

Int J Surg Pathol 2019 Oct 24;27(7):778-780. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

1 Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea.

Extrathoracic anthracofibrosis in head and neck region is of extremely rare occurrence and can be confused with malignancy. In this article, we report an unusual case of an anthracofibrotic lymph node of neck that was mistaken for metastatic malignant melanoma in a gastric cancer patient. Because the incidence of an anthracofibrotic lymph node of the neck is very low, it is important to distinguish it from other diseases, including malignancy or metastasis, especially in patients with a cancer history. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1066896919845060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896919845060DOI Listing
October 2019
9 Reads

Dust to dust.

Authors:
Coreen McGuire

Lancet Respir Med 2019 05 5;7(5):383-384. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30116-XDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136072PMC

Effect of Salmeterol-Fluticasone Combination and Tiotropium on Clinical and Physiological Improvement of Bronchial Anthracofibrosis: a Double Blind Randomized, Cross Over, Placebo Controlled, Clinical Trial.

Tanaffos 2018 Mar;17(3):163-171

Department of Urology, Akbar Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Bronchial anthracosis is the black discoloration of bronchial mucosa that exhibits similar manifestations to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( COPD). The etiology of this obstructive lung disease has not been elucidated and standard therapy for this disease has not been introduced in the literature. The objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of the salmeterol-fluticasone inhaler and tiotropium as two safe treatments of obstructive lung disease for the treatment of symptomatic subjects of anthracofibrosis of the lung. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428379PMC
March 2018
12 Reads

Black Lung Disease Resurges in Appalachian Coal Miners.

Authors:
Carol Potera

Am J Nurs 2019 Apr;119(4):14

Carol Potera.

Earlier detection and treatment are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000554534.63115.c4DOI Listing

Pleural anthracosis as an indicator of lifetime exposure to urban air pollution: An autopsy-based study in Sao Paulo.

Environ Res 2019 06 4;173:23-32. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Universidade de Sao Paulo Medical School (FMUSP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Many studies have been conducted to evaluate the association between air pollution and adverse health effects using a wide variety of methods to assess exposure. However, the assessment of individual long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is a challenging task and has not been evaluated in a large autopsy study. Our goal was to investigate whether exposure to urban air pollution is associated to the degree of lung anthracosis, considering modifying factors such as personal habits, mobility patterns and occupational activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.03.006DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

Dust induces lung fibrosis through dysregulated DNA methylation.

Environ Toxicol 2019 Jun 28;34(6):728-741. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Management, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, People's Republic of China.

Pneumoconiosis is a serious occupational disease that often occurs to coal workers with no early diagnosis and effective treatment at present. Diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is the major pathological change of pneumoconiosis, and its mechanism is still unclear. Epigenetics is involved in the development of many diseases, and it is closely associated with fibrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tox.22739DOI Listing
June 2019
13 Reads

Characteristics and Trends of Pneumoconiosis in the Jiangsu Province, China, 2006⁻2017.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 02 2;16(3). Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China.

This study aims to describe the characteristics and trends of pneumoconiosis in the Jiangsu Province, China, and provide information for the occupational diseases control. We collected and analyzed the data of pneumoconiosis cases reported annually from 2006 to 2017. The information of the cases mainly includes case distributions, clinical types and stages, enterprise types and scales, as well as diagnosis age and exposure duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388371PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYBA gene with coal workers' pneumoconiosis in the Han Chinese population.

Inhal Toxicol 2018 Nov - Dec;30(13-14):492-497. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

c Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology , Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , China.

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is caused by long-term exposure to inhaled coal dust; it is likely influenced by the interaction between environmental factors and multiple susceptibility genes, such as the CYBA (cytochrome b-245α polypeptide) gene that has recently been identified to be involved in the genetic susceptibility for several pulmonary diseases. The aim of this case-control study was to explore the association between CYBA gene polymorphisms and the development of CWP in coal miners belonging to the Han ethnic group in China. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs7195830, rs13306296, rs4673, rs9932581, and rs16966671 of the CYBA gene were analyzed in CWP patients (n = 652) and dust-exposed control subjects (n = 648) using the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) on the Sequenom MassARRAY® platform (Sequenom, San Diego, CA, USA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08958378.2018.1558315DOI Listing
September 2019
35 Reads

Case report: systemic tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a cat.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Jan 5;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Background: The diagnosis of previous cases of feline tuberculosis in Turkey has been made based solely on pathological changes without isolation of the causative agent. This case report details the first case of feline tuberculosis in Turkey for which the causative agent (Mycobacterium bovis) was confirmed with microbiological isolation, morphological evaluation, molecular (PCR) characterization and antibiotic sensitivity.

Case Presentation: Systemic tuberculosis was diagnosed via postmortem examination of a 5-year-old stray male cat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1759-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321719PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Antracosilicosis: A Rare Cause of Endobronchial "Tumor".

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2019 Jan;26(1):e5-e7

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/LBR.0000000000000517DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Pleural anthracosis presenting with massive effusion: a rare entity.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00390. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Respiratory Department Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Pleural anthracosis is rare and, in most cases, is diagnosed incidentally or at autopsy. We report a 67-year-old man with pleural anthracosis. He was initially referred for possible tuberculous pleural effusion and had recurrent admissions for symptomatic pleural effusion, which increased with each subsequent episode. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261927PMC
February 2019
23 Reads

Progressive Massive Fibrosis and Coal Mine Dust Lung Disease: The Continued Resurgence of a Preventable Disease.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2018 12;15(12):1394-1396

1 Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia.

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https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201809-598
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201809-598EDDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

TNF-α-TNFR signal pathway inhibits autophagy and promotes apoptosis of alveolar macrophages in coal worker's pneumoconiosis.

J Cell Physiol 2019 05 23;234(5):5953-5963. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

College of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

Objective: Exposure to coal dust causes the development of coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP), which is associated with accumulating macrophages in the lower respiratory tract. This study was performed to investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) signal pathway on autophagy and apoptosis of alveolar macrophages (AMs) in CWP.

Methods: AMs from controls exposed to coal dust and CWP patients were collected, in which expressions of TNF-α and TNFR1 were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27061DOI Listing
May 2019
19 Reads

Focusing on Coal Workers' Lung Diseases: A Comparative Analysis of China, Australia, and the United States.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 11 16;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Sustainable Minerals Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia.

China has high and increasing annual rates of occupational lung diseases such as pneumoconiosis and silicosis. In contrast, Australia and the United States of America (USA) have greatly lowered their annual rates of lung diseases since the 1970s. This paper systematically compared and analysed the multi-elements of coal dust management and health management in these three countries to provide a reference for China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266950PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Epicardial anthracosis in a patient undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Am J Ind Med 2018 12 27;61(12):1005-1007. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey.

Anthracosis is an occupational disease which is caused by long-term inhalation of coal and rock dust. We present a case of epicardial anthracosis in a patient who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery for coronary artery disease. This is the first case of anthracosis related to the heart in the literature to the best of our knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22915DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Radiological appearance of coal mine dust lung diseases in Australian workers.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Dec 19;62(6):794-797. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Genesis Sleepcare, The Wesley Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Coal Mine Dust Lung Disease (CMDLD) encompasses a spectrum of lung diseases caused by prolonged exposure to coal mine dust. This review presents high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images from men diagnosed with a CMDLD since the resurgence of these diseases in Queensland in 2015. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.12821
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12821DOI Listing
December 2018
45 Reads

Bronchial anthracofibrosis: The spectrum of radiological appearances.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2018 Jul-Sep;28(3):333-341

Department of Imaging, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India.

Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), caused by long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke, has emerged as a distinct pulmonary disease. It is usually seen in elderly females who have worked long hours in poorly ventilated kitchen full of smoke due to incomplete combustion of biomass fuel. The diagnosis is confirmed on bronchoscopic visualization of bluish-black anthracotic pigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus. Read More

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http://www.ijri.org/text.asp?2018/28/3/333/242172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijri.IJRI_339_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6176667PMC
October 2018
83 Reads