123,958 results match your criteria Clinics in Plastic Surgery[Journal]
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Vitos Klinikum Gießen-Marburg, Vitos Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie Gießen; Fachbereich Medizin, Philipps-Universität Marburg.
Background: In memory clinics, biomarker-based diagnostic tools for early detection and differential diagnosis of dementia are increasingly important, even if their acceptance by patients is relatively low.
Objective: The aim of study was to examine whether sociodemographic and clinical features of memory clinic patients are associated with acceptance of lumbar puncture (LP). Of particular interest was the patients' self-perception of memory decline (subjective memory impairment, SMI) accompanied by related concerns that might affect decision to consent to LP. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 14;90:154-161. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Furness College, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YG, UK. Electronic address:
Background: Research suggests that people with epilepsy (PWE) are more likely to experience depression and anxiety than the general population. Given the adversity associated with the condition, resilience may also be important. However, to date, resilience has been largely overlooked in the epilepsy literature. Read More
Chem Phys Lipids 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Aims: The convergence of obesity and inflammation in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been recognized over the past decade. Resistin has emerged as a novel secreted protein with links to both insulin resistance and inflammation. We aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in serum resistin levels with metabolic parameters, including obesity and inflammatory markers in women free of CVD. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Surgery, Northwest Clinics, Alkmaar, the Netherlands.
Background: To determine optimal treatment options in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), accurate staging of the mediastinal lymph nodes is of great importance. In case of suspected mediastinal metastases, EUS/EBUS combined with mediastinoscopy is the gold standard. Diagnostic value of these procedures stands or falls by how they are technically performed. Read More
N Z Vet J 2018 Dec 17:1-20. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
b Veterinary Centre Limited , Oamaru, 311 Thames Street, Oamaru 9400 , New Zealand.
Aim: To examine the association between the interval from internal teat sealant (ITS) administration to calving and the incidence of farmer-recorded clinical mastitis in the first 30 days of lactation in pasture-based dairy heifers.
Methods: Heifers that were administered an ITS by a single veterinary business in the South Island of New Zealand over the winter of 2014 were enrolled in a cross-sectional observational study. ITS was administered to all heifers on each participating farm on a single calendar day. Read More
Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 Jan;31(1):E14-E21
Department of Developmental Rehabilitation (Ms Kraft) and Children's Minnesota Research Institute (Drs Finch and Barnes and Mss Nickel and Griffin), Children's Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Hold Your Horses (Ms Weisberg), Maple Plain, Minnesota.
Purpose: This report assesses functional mobility in children with neurological impairments and documented gross motor delays, before and after receiving either hippotherapy or standard outpatient physical therapy (PT).
Summary Of Key Points: This is a case-series report using data previously collected for a discontinued randomized controlled trial, in which participants received hippotherapy or standard outpatient clinic PT for a 12-week treatment period. Results demonstrated both subjective and objective functional mobility improvements after treatment in participants receiving hippotherapy and standard outpatient PT, as determined by the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2, the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and the Goal Attainment Scaling. Read More
Anticancer Drugs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Toxicology and Chemotherapy Unit, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.
A deeper understanding of the molecular basis of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) paved the way for the rational design and development of targeted therapies, which yielded promising preclinical results. However, translation of these potentially promising agents into clinics has usually failed, partly because of tumor heterogeneity. In this study, anticancer activities of the Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT-737 and the Akt-inhibitor erufosine (ErPC3) alone and in combination were compared between CRPC (PC-3 and DU-145) and healthy (PNT-1A) cell lines. Read More
JAMA Neurol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
The Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Disease and the Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Importance: Recognized peripherally induced movement disorders include the painful legs moving toes syndrome, postamputation dyskinesias, and belly dancer dyskinesias.
Objective: To introduce and characterize the dancing dorsal quadrilaterals, a novel peripherally induced movement disorder that predominantly affects dorsal quadrilateral muscles (trapezius and rhomboids) after upper spine instrumentation.
Design, Setting, And Participants: Between 1990 and 2015, a total of 4 patients who developed abnormal movements of the dorsal quadrilateral muscles after upper spine instrumentation were referred to movement disorders clinics at 3 academic medical centers in the United States, Canada, and Argentina. Read More
Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 17:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health,Vestfold Hospital Trust,Tønsberg,Norway.
ABSTRACTCortisol dysregulation has been reported in dementia and depression. Cortisol levels and its associates were investigated among older people living at home and in nursing homes, in a cross-sectional study. A sample of 650 older people, from the community (home and nursing homes) and specialized care (memory clinics and old age psychiatry wards), mean age 76. Read More
J Reprod Infant Psychol 2018 Dec 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
b Policylab: Center to Bridge Research Practice, & Policy , The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Roberts Center for Pediatric Research , Philadelphia , PA , USA.
Objective: This pilot study describes the adaptation of a parenting group intervention for social media, and examines the feasibility, acceptability and initial outcomes of the adapted intervention for mothers with postpartum depression symptoms.
Background: Postpartum depression can negatively affect parenting and the parent-infant relationship. Mothers with postpartum depression symptoms experience barriers to access in-person parenting interventions. Read More
Adv Healthc Mater 2018 Dec 17:e1801236. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242, USA.
Tissue engineering potentially offers new treatments for disorders of the temporomandibular joint which frequently afflict patients. Damage or disease in this area adversely affects masticatory function and speaking, reducing patients' quality of life. Effective treatment options for patients suffering from severe temporomandibular joint disorders are in high demand because surgical options are restricted to removal of damaged tissue or complete replacement of the joint with prosthetics. Read More
Psychophysiology 2018 Dec 16:e13314. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Electrophysiology is a direct measure of neuronal processes, and it is uniquely sensitive to canonical neural operations that underlie emergent psychological operations. These qualities make it well suited for discovery of aberrant neural mechanisms that underlie complicated disease states. This technique is routinely utilized in vitro, in vivo, and in outpatient neurological clinics, offering a translatable bridge between animal models and human patients. Read More
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Health Services Research & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
Objectives: We aimed to describe 1) the burden and HRQL of informal caregivers of new patients attending a memory assessment service (MAS), 2) changes in these outcomes over two years and 3) satisfaction with services.
Methods: Informal caregivers of patients attending one of 73 MASs throughout England completed questionnaires at the patient's first appointment, and 6 and 12 months later. Participants from 30 of these MASs were also followed up at 24 months. Read More
J Neurol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Research Administration Team, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea.
To define the prevalence and characteristics of single ocular motor nerve palsy (OMNP) associated with positive serum anti-GQ1b antibody. We performed a prospective multicenter study that recruited 82 patients with single OMNP without identifiable causes from the history and neuroimaging in six neurology clinics of university hospitals. We measured serum anti-GQ1b antibody in all participants. Read More
Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Nov 18;7:14-23. Epub 2018 Nov 18.
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA.
Gestational surrogacy via egg donation is an expensive - and sometimes ambivalently undertaken - but increasingly popular route to planned fatherhood for some gay men. The surrogacy market in the USA plays an important role for gay men with the financial resources to access these services, as it is currently the only stable, commercial market in which there are legal protections for openly gay men. While a small, ethnographic and qualitative literature on the experiences of gay fathers via surrogacy exists, less is known about the state of the surrogacy industry towards gay men as clients. Read More
BMJ Open Qual 2018 20;7(4):e000217. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Calcutta Rescue, Kolkata, India.
Inappropriate antibiotic use is a key factor in the emergence of antibiotic resistance. The majority of antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, where upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is a common presentation. Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in URTI is common globally and has increased markedly in developing and transitional countries. Read More
World Allergy Organ J 2018 6;11(1):34. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
1Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, IRCCS Policlinico San Martino, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
Background: The severe forms of asthma represent a major burden, because of severity of symptoms, costs and impact on everyday life. Recently, Mepolizumab (MEP) was approved and marketed for the treatment of hypereosinophilic severe asthma. This anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody reduced exacerbation rates and oral corticosteroid (OCS) use in well selected patients. Read More
Int J Ment Health Syst 2018 11;12:76. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
3Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Background: Psychotherapy and mental health services in Nairobi's public hospitals are increasing. Rather than prematurely imposing psychotherapy protocols developed in Western countries to Kenya, we argue that first studying psychological interventions as they are practiced may generate understanding of which psychological problems are common, what interventions therapists use, and what seems to be effective in reducing psychiatric problems in a lower and middle income country like Kenya.
Method: We present preliminary findings from a process-outcome study involving 345 patients from two public institutions, Kenyatta National and Mathare National Hospitals. Read More
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 30;14:3307-3315. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, China,
Background: Region-specific differences in the prevalence of insomnia symptoms in outpatient clinics in China have received little systematic study. This study was conducted preliminarily to examine region-specific differences in the risk of insomnia symptoms in Chinese outpatients.
Method: In total, 4,399 adult outpatients (urban vs rural residents: 1,768 vs 2,631) who completed three questions focusing on insomnia symptoms were included. Read More
Lancet HIV 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of HIV Clinical Research, Gilead Sciences, Foster City, CA, USA. Electronic address:
Background: Current treatment for HIV-infected individuals with renal failure on haemodialysis frequently requires complex regimens with multiple pills. A daily single-tablet regimen of coformulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide is approved in Europe, the USA, and in other regions for use in HIV-1-infected individuals with mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease (creatinine clearance 30-69 mL/min). We aimed to assess the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of this regimen in HIV-infected adults with end-stage renal disease on chronic haemodialysis. Read More
Knee 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Lawson Health Research Institute, Robarts Research Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, ON, Canada.
Background: As assessment with inertial-measurement-units (IMUs) increases in research and in clinics, it is important to be aware of the repeatability of these sensors. The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the measurement repeatability of IMU joint angles using a repeatable robot controller and an anthropomorphic leg phantom and to determine effects of joint speed and sensor positioning on the angles collected by these sensors. Comparisons to an electro-goniometer and three-dimensional (3D) motion capture cameras were also completed. Read More
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Campus Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
Weight gain is a common adverse effect of lithium augmentation. Previous studies indicate an impact of genetic variants at the leptin gene on weight gain as a consequence of psychopharmacological treatment. The primary aim of our study was to identify variants at the leptin locus that might predict lithium-induced weight gain. Read More
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Oral Surgery, King's College London Dental Institute, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
This study assessed the impact of collaborative working with a headache neurologist on diagnoses of patients attending orofacial pain (OFP) clinic. Patient diagnostic data was collected from adult patients attending an Orofacial Pain Service from January 2013 to January 2017. A liaison headache neurologist was appointed late 2015; OFP clinics were co-run with the neurologist specialist thereafter. Read More
Lancet Glob Health 2019 Jan;7(1):e119-e131
Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address:
Background: In southeast Asia, antibiotic prescription in febrile patients attending primary care is common, and a probable contributor to the high burden of antimicrobial resistance. The objective of this trial was to explore whether C-reactive protein (CRP) testing at point of care could rationalise antibiotic prescription in primary care, comparing two proposed thresholds to classify CRP concentrations as low or high to guide antibiotic treatment.
Methods: We did a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled trial in participants aged at least 1 year with a documented fever or a chief complaint of fever (regardless of previous antibiotic intake and comorbidities other than malignancies) recruited from six public primary care units in Thailand and three primary care clinics and one outpatient department in Myanmar. Read More
Am J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Centre for Cancer Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK; Centre for Cancer Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK.
Stratification of women according to their risk of breast cancer based on polygenic risk scores (PRSs) could improve screening and prevention strategies. Our aim was to develop PRSs, optimized for prediction of estrogen receptor (ER)-specific disease, from the largest available genome-wide association dataset and to empirically validate the PRSs in prospective studies. The development dataset comprised 94,075 case subjects and 75,017 control subjects of European ancestry from 69 studies, divided into training and validation sets. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 13;116:58-61. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
Pediatric Department Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Airway and Swallowing Center Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, United States.
Objective/hypothesis: Multi-disciplinary aero-digestive centers provide high quality health care through improved outcomes and treatment costs over separate sub specialty clinics. These outcomes are often the result of a common investigative tool known as triple endoscopy: a rigid bronchoscopy performed by an otolaryngologist, flexible bronchoscopy and lavage obtained by a pulmonologist, and an endoscopy with guided biopsies performed by a gastroenterologist. Combining such procedures into one 'triple endoscopy' allows for diagnoses which otherwise might have been missed with just one procedure. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 31;116:141-146. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center, College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, OSU Eye and Ear Institute, 915 Olentangy River Road, Columbus, OH, 43212, USA; Nationwide Children's Hospital- Pediatric Otology & Hearing Program, 700 Children's Drive, Suite 2A, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.
Introduction: Family-centered healthcare demands that families provide input regarding the care of their children. Very little is known, however, about how families perceive their experience in different types of multidisciplinary team models, and specifically, in the multidisciplinary setting currently utilized in many pediatric hearing clinics.
Methods: Quantitative and qualitative parent survey responses were collected and analyzed in a tertiary care pediatric medical center after a one-day multidisciplinary assessment clinical appointment. Read More
Clin Dermatol 2019 Jan - Feb;37(1):74-77. Epub 2018 Aug 10.
Department of Neurology, Stanford University Hospitals and Clinics, Palo Alto, California, USA.
Managing patient interactions in the age of the Internet can be particularly difficult due to the vast amount of information available. Dermatologists should be able to identify relevant patient concerns to adequately address them. We discuss the ethical issues involved in interacting with patients who use the Internet for medical knowledge, and we suggest a method, using the "three Rs" (reassure, redirect, refer), to conduct these interactions. Read More
J Relig Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychiatry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients' beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, and cancer-related characteristics. Read More
Nephron 2018 Dec 14:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Renal Medicine, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, United Kingdom.
Background/aims: Frail patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased hospitalisation and mortality rate. However, many popular frailty screening methods have not been validated in patients with CKD. This study evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of several frailty screening methods in patients with CKD G4-5 and those established on haemodialysis (G5D). Read More
Gene 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR), HMC, Doha, Qatar.
Clinical Exome Sequencing (CES) has increasingly become a popular diagnostic tool in patients suffering from genetic disorders that are clinically and genetically complicated. Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPNs) is an example of a heterogeneous disorder. In Qatar, familial cases of MPNs are more frequently seen than described in the literature. Read More
Cancer Genet 2018 Dec 28;228-229:110-114. Epub 2018 Oct 28.
Department of Pediatrics, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, Bairro Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP CEP 14040-900, Brazil.
We present a case of an infant who developed pro-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia with a rare and complex MLL-translocation. Cytogenetic analysis of bone marrow cells at diagnosis showed a 46,XY,t(X;11)(p11.2;q23)/46,XY karyotype. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Oral Pathology, Department of Stomatology, University of Sao Paulo School of Dentistry, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Background: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasia in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) patients for which the primary mode of management was chemotherapy.
Methods: We have presented the case of a newly diagnosed HIV+ male patient who was diagnosed with a pedunculated nodule in the anterior region of the hard palate, measuring 3.5 cm in diameter and with 2 months of evolution. Read More
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Division of experimental Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Austria.
Aims: Non-adherence or partial adherence to psychotropic medication is found in 18-70% of patients. However, many previously used methods for the assessment of adherence (e.g. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Health Policy and Administration, Pennsylvania State University, 601A Donald H. Ford Building, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
Objective To estimate the effect of a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) intervention on asthma-related emergency room (ER) visits of pediatric patients. Methods Patients receiving care at pediatric primary care practices participating in the Florida Pediatric Medical Home Demonstration Project as well as pediatric patients treated at non-participating clinics were identified from 4 years of claims and enrollment data. We estimate several fixed effects logistic regression models using one pre-treatment year and three post-treatment years to investigate whether asthma-related ER visits decreased because of the PCMH intervention. Read More
Parasitol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Small Animal Clinic, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Strongyloides stercoralis is a worldwide-distributed intestinal nematode affecting mainly humans and dogs. Canine strongyloidosis is generally characterised by diarrhoea, malabsorption and bronchopneumonia, and may be fatal in cases of impaired immunity. In recent years, molecular and epidemiological studies suggested that host-adapted populations of S. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often receive self-management support from adult children, siblings or close friends residing outside of their home. However, the role of out-of-home support in patients' self-management and well-being is unclear. Patients (N = 313) with HbA1c > 7. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024367. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Spenshult Research and Development Center, Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
Objectives: The aims were to identify patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had stopped drinking alcohol and compare them with patients drinking alcohol, and to explore reasons for stopping drinking alcohol.
Design: A sequential explanatory mixed methods design was used.
Setting: Six rheumatology clinics in Southern Sweden Better Anti-Rheumatic FarmacOTherapy cohort. Read More
Blood Adv 2018 Dec;2(24):3566-3571
Internal Medicine, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Early data on venetoclax-containing regimens for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) show promising results with deep remissions, but are hampered by potential risk for tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). Whether optimal duration of venetoclax treatment can be guided by minimal residual disease (MRD) is currently unknown. To study whether TLS risk can be mitigated in an unfit population by introducing preinduction, and whether MRD-guided duration of venetoclax treatment is a feasible and efficacious approach, we performed the Dutch-Belgian Cooperative Trial Group for Hemato-oncology (HOVON) 139/GIVE trial. Read More
Healthc (Amst) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
University of California San Francisco, Center for Vulnerable Populations, Division of General Internal Medicine, United States.
Background: Team-based care is an innovative approach to primary care in which groups of health care professionals work collaboratively to manage care for groups of patients. Safety-net organizations face specific barriers to implementing health care innovations. More research is needed that documents the dynamics that inform implementation and sustainment of innovative practices in the safety net. Read More
J Am Coll Radiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
Purpose: To evaluate the appropriateness of MRI ordering practices and their effect on clinical management for nontraumatic knee pain at the primary care clinics of a large public urban hospital.
Materials And Methods: In all, 196 consecutive MRIs for nontraumatic knee pain ordered from primary care clinics in a large public urban hospital over an 18-month period were studied. ACR Appropriateness Criteria (AC) scores for nontraumatic knee pain were retrospectively calculated from medical record reviews. Read More
AIDS Care 2018 Dec 14:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
a SC SmartState Center for Healthcare Quality, Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , USA.
Though mother-to-child HIV transmission has been dramatically reduced in the past decade, there are currently an estimated 1.8 million children living with HIV across the globe, and over 30% of all new HIV infections occur among youth ages 15-25. While all youth experience developmental challenges, children and adolescents who are living with HIV must navigate these challenges within the context of high HIV stigma and must cope with a host of psychosocial and health-related challenges. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 3;270:861-868. Epub 2018 Nov 3.
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA. Electronic address:
Well-validated screening tools have been developed to identify people at high risk for psychosis, but these are rarely used outside of specialty clinics or research settings. The development of extremely brief and simple screening tools could increase dissemination, especially in settings with low buy-in such as those with low base rates of psychosis and/or time constraints. We sought to identify such a brief measure by modeling participant responses to three psychosis screening questionnaires (Prime Screen; Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief; Youth Psychosis At Risk Questionnaire) in a sample of 139 help-seeking individuals and 335 college students (age range: 12-25). Read More
J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 20;62:53-60. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:
The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) for PTSD at all of its facilities, but little is known about systematic differences between patients who do and do not initiate these treatments. VA administrative data were analyzed for 6,251 veterans receiving psychotherapy over one year in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specialty clinics at nine VA medical centers. CPT and PE were initiated by 2,173 (35%) patients. Read More
Int J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Background: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has been associated with large outbreaks among young children, including severe illness and fatality, in the Asia-Pacific Region since 1997. Severe illness is often associated with enterovirus A71 (EV-A71). Vietnam experienced a large sustained outbreak of 200. Read More
J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Institute of Public and Preventative Health, Augusta University. Electronic address:
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):549-558
Department of Biomedical Research, Medical Center, Hackensack University. Hackensack, NJ, US.
Objective: To evaluate an e-Health tool designed to enhance smoking cessation in Mexico in primary healthcare.
Materials And Methods: Smokers 18 years of age and older were recruited in the waiting room of two primary healthcare clinics in Mexico City. Participants used an eHealth smoking cessation tool that included smoking-related assessments, education on pharmacotherapy, and motivational videos. Read More
J Int AIDS Soc 2018 Dec;21(12):e25202
Service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales, CRCF, CHU de Fann, Dakar, Sénégal.
Introduction: Excessive alcohol consumption leads to unfavourable outcomes in people living with HIV (PLHIV), including reduced adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and engagement into care. However, there is limited information on alcohol consumption patterns among PLHIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
Methods: Using a cross-sectional approach, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) was administered to PLHIV attending HIV clinics in Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Senegal and Zambia (2013 to 2015). Read More
Macromol Biosci 2018 Dec 14:e1800376. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China.
Defective osteogenesis and latent infections continue to be two major issues in the therapy of bone tissue regeneration. In this study, a unique hierarchically micro/nanoscale-architecture is first proposed and produced on polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Besides, a "simvastatin-PLLA film-tobramycin microspheres" delivery system is subsequently fabricated to endow the PEEK implant with osteogenic and antibacterial capabilities. Read More
J Sleep Res 2018 Dec 13:e12808. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment tends to be low. Brief validated instruments focusing on shared decision making have not been used in a CPAP context. The aim was to investigate factorial structure, categorical functioning of the response scale and differential item functioning across sub-populations of the CollaboRATE and Sure questionnaires among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) before CPAP treatment is initiated. Read More