1,635 results match your criteria Clinical and Experimental Optometry [Journal]


Evaluation of corneal and lens clarity in unilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome: a densitometric analysis.

Authors:
Irfan Durukan

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Ophthalmology Department, Era Goz Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Although ageing is the main reason for cataract progression, pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES) represents an independent additional hazard for the development of nuclear sclerosis and cataract progression. PES can also affect corneal properties. From this perspective, this study aimed to perform a comparison of the corneal and lens densitometry measurements in eyes with PES and age-matched healthy eyes. Read More

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The varied presentations of siderosis from retained intraocular foreign body.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.

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Does the virtual refractor patient-simulator improve student competency when refracting in the consulting room?

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jun 12. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: The use of patient simulators in ophthalmic education appears limited. This study examines the effects of the addition of the 'Virtual Refractor' patient simulator learning activity into a short unit preparing students to determine the power of the spectacle lenses required by patients in a clinic.

Methods: Twenty-four year one optometry students were randomly assigned to either the simulator-intervention group (n = 12) or the non-intervention group. Read More

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Management of digital eye strain.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 23. Epub 2018 May 23.

Visioncare Research, Farnham, UK.

Digital eye strain, an emerging public health issue, is a condition characterised by visual disturbance and/or ocular discomfort related to the use of digital devices and resulting from a range of stresses on the ocular environment. This review aims to provide an overview of the extensive literature on digital eye strain research with particular reference to the clinical management of symptoms. As many as 90 per cent of digital device users experience symptoms of digital eye strain. Read More

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The slow light and dark oscillation of the clinical electro-oculogram.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 20. Epub 2018 May 20.

College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: The standing potential of the eye exhibits a slow damped oscillation under light and dark conditions that continues for at least 80 minutes. However, our understanding of the relationship between the slow dark and light oscillation has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to explore through regression analysis a model of these oscillations in order to establish if they may have the same underlying cellular generators. Read More

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Sixteen-and-a-half syndrome: a variant in the spectrum of Fisher's one-and-a-half syndrome.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Sango Eye Care, Clarksville, Tennessee, USA.

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Effectiveness of interventions in improving compliance to spectacle wear and referral in school vision screening.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Srimathi Sundari Subramanian Department of Visual Psychophysics, Elite School of Optometry, Unit of Medical Research Foundation (in collaboration with Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani), Chennai, India.

Background: Success of a school vision screening program depends on compliance with the advice that is offered to the children. This study evaluates the effect of an intervention package on compliance to spectacle wear and referral in a school vision screening program.

Methods: Among 8,442 children aged 13-17 years in 11 government schools in and around Chennai, India, 114 (2. Read More

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Customised spectacles using 3-D printing technology.

Authors:
Onder Ayyildiz

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: This study describes a novel method of customised spectacles prototyping and manufacturing using 3-D printing technology.

Methods: The procedure for manufacturing customised spectacles using 3-D printing technology in this study involved five steps: patient selection; using surface topography; 3-D printing of the phantom model; 3-D designing of the spectacles; and 3-D printing of the spectacles.

Results: The effective time required for 3-D printing of the spectacles was 14 hours. Read More

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Test-retest reproducibility of accommodative facility measures in primary school children.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.

Background: To determine the test-retest reproducibility of accommodative facility (AF) measures in an unselected sample of UK primary school children.

Methods: Using ±2.00 DS flippers and a viewing distance of 40 cm, AF was measured in 136 children (range 4-12 years, average 8. Read More

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Re: The factors influencing retinal thickness in diabetic patients.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

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A case of topless disc syndrome (superior segmental optic hypoplasia).

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Greenlane Clinical Centre, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Multicolour imaging in a patient with optic disc pit maculopathy.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Sri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretina Services, Sankara Nethryala, Chennai, India.

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Homonymous hemiretinal macular ganglion cell complex thinning following occipital lobe trauma.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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The grabbing of the baton.

Authors:
Nathan Efron

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May;101(3):319-320

School of Optometry and Vision Science, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.

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Prevalence of refractive errors in children in India: a systematic review.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 22. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

The George Institute for Global Health, New Delhi, India.

Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. Read More

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Patient perspectives of cataract surgery: protocol and baseline findings of a cohort study.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 19. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

The George Institute for Global Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are becoming increasingly recognised as a key component in assessing the relative effectiveness of cataract surgery. This manuscript presents the protocol methodology and baseline characteristics of a prospective cohort study investigating patient-centred predictors of cataract surgery outcomes.

Methods: Patients with bilateral cataract (aged ≥ 50 years) scheduled for their first eye cataract surgery were recruited at four public hospitals and three private ophthalmology clinics in Sydney, Australia. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Topiramate-induced secondary angle closure: salient points in management.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 15. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Ophthalmology Department, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand.

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April 2018
1 Read

The factors influencing retinal thickness in diabetic patients.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 15. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Zilan Private Hospital, Batman, Turkey.

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April 2018
1 Read

Eye care in young children: a parent survey exploring access and barriers.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 10. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

School of Health Sciences, City Division of Optometry & Visual Sciences, University of London, London, UK.

Background: A questionnaire was designed to investigate the attitudes of parents toward eye care for their young children (4-6-year-olds) and possible barriers to accessing eye care for this age group. An exploration was undertaken to determine whether these beliefs and barriers are influenced by certain demographic factors such as ethnicity, level of parental income, level of parental education, confidence with speaking English and a reported family history of eye problems.

Methods: A total of 1,317 questionnaires (hard copies) were distributed to parents of children in primary school reception and year one classes (ages four to six) from 14 schools across five London boroughs. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of coloured overlays and lenses for treating reading difficulty: an overview of systematic reviews.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Apr 6. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Centre for Applied Vision Research, School of Health Sciences, City, University of London, London, UK.

Coloured overlays or lenses are widely available for use by children and adults with difficulties or discomfort while reading. In recent years, systematic reviews have been conducted in an attempt to establish the strength of the evidence base for this intervention. The aim of this overview is to systematically review these reviews. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Different visual development: norms for visual acuity in children with Down's syndrome.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

School of Optometry & Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Visual acuity is known to be poorer in children with Down's syndrome than in age-matched controls. However, to date, clinicians do not have access to norms for children with Down's syndrome that allow differential discrimination of healthy from anomalous visual development in this population.

Methods: The Down's Syndrome Vision Research Unit at Cardiff University has been monitoring visual development in a large cohort of children since 1992. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Diet and risk of myopia in three-year-old Singapore children: the GUSTO cohort.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 25. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Background: To investigate the relationship between dietary intakes at six, nine and 12 months and risk of myopia in three-year-old children in a birth cohort.

Methods: Three hundred and seventeen children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study were included. Dietary intake at six, nine and 12 months of age was ascertained using either 24-hour recalls or three-day food diaries completed by parents. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Effect of treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency on reading in children: a pilot study.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 25. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Southern California College of Optometry, Marshall B. Ketchum University, Fullerton, California, USA.

Background: To evaluate the impact of treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency using office-based vergence/accommodative therapy on reading skills in children.

Methods: Children (n = 44) ages nine to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were administered the following four reading tests: Wechsler Individual Achievement Test II; Test of Word Reading Efficiency; Test of Silent Word Reading Fluency; and the Gray Oral Reading Test, at baseline and eight weeks after completion of a 16-week program of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy. To determine whether significant change occurred with therapy, change in performance was compared to zero. Read More

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March 2018
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Accommodative accuracy by retinoscopy versus autorefraction spherical equivalent or horizontal meridian power.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 25. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Houston College of Optometry, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: To assess agreement between accommodative lag by monocular estimation method (MEM) retinoscopy and Nott retinoscopy compared to open-field autorefraction using spherical equivalent versus power in the 180 meridian for both children and adults.

Methods: Twenty-six children aged 7-16 years (mean: 9.9 ± 2. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Reduced vision, refractive errors and health-related quality of life among adolescents in rural China.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 25. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China.

Background: To determine the associations of reduced presenting visual acuity (VA), refractive errors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in healthy adolescents in rural China.

Methods: A total of 2,235 grade 7 students without systemic medical problems from 10 middle schools aged 13-14 years in Mojiang, a small county located in southwestern China, were included in the analysis. Reduced VA was defined as presenting VA of worse than 6/12 in the presence of an ophthalmic aetiology which could be identified. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Optometric infection control guidelines assessing patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Faculty of Science, Waterloo School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

The purpose of this scoping review was to present the state of research regarding optometric infection control guidelines for the assessment of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and to identify any areas requiring further research. Twelve articles were carefully chosen for review. Data extracted included information regarding appropriate handwashing methods (five articles), indications for use of personal protective equipment (one article), management of surfaces that come in contact with an MRSA-infected person (three articles), recommendations for patient appointment scheduling/seating (three articles) and suggestions for staff training (three articles). Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Long-term outcomes of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation in keratoconus.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: In this retrospective observational case series study, the aim was to evaluate the long-term safety, efficacy, stability and predictability of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation to correct myopia and myopic astigmatism associated with keratoconus.

Methods: Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), best spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity (BSCDVA), refraction and adverse effects were evaluated in 23 keratoconic eyes of 13 patients after five years with Visian ICMV4 pIOL (STAAR Surgical).

Results: The mean pre-operative spherical equivalent and cylinder changed from -5. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

High refractive error due to two intraocular lenses managed with tropicamide.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 14. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

First Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Georgios Gennimatas General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

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March 2018
1 Read

Screening for convergence insufficiency in school-age children.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a common binocular vision disorder which often causes symptoms when doing near work. However, the best screening test for CI is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of common tests of binocular and accommodative function to identify children with CI in a school screening setting. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

A 20-year experience of ocular herpes virus detection using immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 6. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Department of Ocular Microbiology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: To detect the presence of herpes virus in corneal scrapings/corneal grafts of suspected herpetic keratitis patients attending the outpatient department/casualty of the Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi for the past 20 years with immunofluorescence assay and to analyse the efficacy of polymerase chain reaction over immunofluorescence for routine laboratory diagnosis in some of the specimens.

Methods: Corneal scrapings and corneal grafts were collected by the ophthalmologists from 1,926 suspected herpetic keratitis patients between 1996 and 2015, among whom 1,863 patients were processed with immunofluorescence assay and 302 patients were processed with polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of herpes virus. Of the 302 patients, clinical specimens from 239 patients were analysed by both polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence assay. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Re: On the mechanism of the eye.

Authors:
David A Atchison

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 6;101(3):424. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.

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May 2018
1 Read

Modified images reflecting effects of age-related macular degeneration on perception of everyday scenes.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar 5. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Visual Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background: Depictions of vision with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in public information material typically show a central region of absolute vision loss. Patients with early and moderate disease frequently do not report this. We aimed to measure how a group of people with AMD perceive everyday scenes in order to produce accurate depictions. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Gordon Sanderson MNZM BSc(Ophthalmic Optics) FBOA.

Authors:
Robert J Jacobs

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 4;101(3):425-427. Epub 2018 Mar 4.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

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May 2018
1 Read

Quantitative evaluation of early retinal changes in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus without retinopathy.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 28. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Health and Disease Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: To investigate whether abnormal glucose metabolism and duration of diabetes mellitus (DM) caused the thinning in retinal layers in children with type 1 DM without retinopathy by using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to compare the results obtained with those in healthy children.

Methods: This cross-sectional prospective study included 73 patients with type 1 DM (DM group) and 62 age-matched control subjects (control group). The duration of DM and the glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of the diabetic children were recorded. Read More

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February 2018
6 Reads

Visual problems associated with traumatic brain injury.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 28. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Vision Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its associated concussion are major causes of disability and death. All ages can be affected but children, young adults and the elderly are particularly susceptible. A decline in mortality has resulted in many more individuals living with a disability caused by TBI including those affecting vision. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Optical and pharmacological strategies of myopia control.

Authors:
Pauline Kang

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 28;101(3):321-332. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Recent increases in global myopia prevalence rates have raised significant concerns as myopia increases the lifelong risk of various sight-threatening ocular conditions. This growing public health burden has generated significant research interests into understanding both its aetiology and developing effective methods to slow down or stop its development, methods collectively termed 'myopia control'. The growing body of research has demonstrated benefits of various optical and pharmacological treatments resulting in myopia control management increasingly becoming a part of main stream clinical practice. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

A pragmatic approach to amblyopia diagnosis: evidence into practice.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 26. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Amblyopia is a common cause of reduced vision in children. The clinical diagnosis is complicated and requires consideration of the severity of vision loss relative to the characteristics of the disrupting amblyogenic factor. Added to the challenge of a thorough examination of very young children, is the weight of consequence if the amblyogenic factor is not identified and treated appropriately within clinically recommended time frames. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

The functional impact of amblyopia.

Authors:
Ann L Webber

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 26. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Amblyopia is the most common disorder managed in paediatric ophthalmic practice in industrialised countries. Reports on the impact of amblyopia on tasks relevant to the activities of children, or on skills pertinent to their education and quality of life, is leading to greater understanding of the functional disabilities associated with the condition. This review considers the extent to which amblyopia affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks, with particular attention to studies of motor skills and reading proficiency in children. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

The passing of the baton.

Authors:
H Barry Collin

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Mar;101(2):145-146

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia.

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March 2018
1 Read

Does the temperature of an artificial tear affect its comfort?

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 18. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

Private practitioner, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Refrigerated eye-drops have been advocated in cases of ocular allergies to provide a soothing effect upon instillation. This notion continues to be promoted by practitioners for artificial tears (AT) in the management of dry eye (DE) with little support in the literature. To further substantiate claims of a soothing effect of cold eye-drops, the aim of this study was to determine if refrigeration of an AT enhanced the subjective comfort upon instillation. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology: an audit of the first year in Western Australia.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Lions Outback Vision, Lions Eye Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Lions Outback Vision has run a state-wide teleophthalmology service since 2011. In September 2015 the Australian federal government introduced a Medicare reimbursement for optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology consultations under specific circumstances. This audit demonstrates the first 12 months experience with this scheme. Read More

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February 2018
3 Reads

Optical treatment of amblyopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Despite evidence that amblyopia can often be treated by optical treatment alone, many practitioners still do not use an optical-correction-only phase in amblyopia treatment and some investigators omit this important step in their research. This paper aims to systematically review the evidence for the optical treatment of strabismic, refractive and combined-mechanism amblyopia and to quantify the evidence via a meta-analysis.

Methods: A search of online databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, the Cochrane Library, and bibliographies of review papers, along with subsequent personal communication, resulted in 29 papers that met our inclusion criteria, with 20 providing sufficient data for the calculation of effect sizes. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Glaucomatous progression in the retinal nerve fibre and retinal ganglion cell-inner plexiform layers determined using optical coherence tomography-guided progression analysis.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Feb 1. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, Konyang University, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To investigate the characteristics of glaucomatous progression in circumpapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and macular retinal ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) determined using optical coherence tomography-guided progression analysis (OCT-GPA).

Methods: Serial OCT images of 527 glaucomatous eyes with greater than four OCT tests were screened. Among them, 106 (20. Read More

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February 2018
4 Reads

Stereopsis: are we assessing it in enough depth?

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jan 27. Epub 2018 Jan 27.

Directorate of Orthoptics and Vision Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

The assessment of stereoacuity is an integral part of the ophthalmic assessment, with the responses used to inform clinical management decisions. Stereoacuity impacts on many aspects of life, but there are discrepancies reported where people without measurable stereoacuity report appreciating 3-D vision. This could be due, in part, to the presentation of the stimuli. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Changes in retina and choroid after haemodialysis assessed using optical coherence tomography angiography.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Reports of choroidal and retinal changes before and after haemodialysis are few and have been controversial. Traditional imaging modalities are insufficient for quantitative assessment. This study aims to use optical coherence tomography angiography to monitor the short-term vascular density and thickness changes in retina and choroid before and after haemodialysis. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Self-assessment of refractive errors using a simple optical approach.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 21;101(3):386-391. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Eberhard Karls University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: This explorative study investigated procedures for the self-assessment of spherocylindrical refractive errors.

Methods: Eighteen participants with a mean age of 34.0 ± 8. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Static and dynamic pupillometry data of healthy individuals.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jan 21. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Ophthalmology Department, Ankara Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: This study sought to determine normative static and dynamic pupillometry data in different age groups in a healthy population, and to investigate the effects of age on pupillometric characteristics.

Methods: Pupillometry measurements were undertaken on 155 healthy participants using an automatic quantitative pupillometry system. Static pupillometry measurements were undertaken; these included scotopic pupil diameter (PD), mesopic PD, low photopic PD and high photopic PD values. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Investigation of attributes which guide choice in cataract surgery services in urban Sydney, Australia.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 17;101(3):363-371. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

The George Institute for Global Health, The University of New South Wales, Newtown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: It is critical to consult patients to develop patient-centred cataract surgery care. We aimed to identify attributes patients consider when making decisions about cataract surgery in an Australian context, where both publicly and privately funded surgery are available. This is the first step in investigating how decisions are made about cataract surgery services. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Vision in children with autism spectrum disorder: a critical review.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Optometry & Vision Science Research Group, School of Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1-2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

In vitro and in vivo effects of ophthalmic solutions on silicone hydrogel bandage lens material Senofilcon A.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 May 11;101(3):354-362. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Acuvue Oasys silicone hydrogel contact lenses (Senofilcon A) are used as bandage lenses and often combined with ophthalmic solutions in the treatment of ocular diseases. Concerns have been raised regarding the compatibility and effect of eye-drop solutions on the bandage lenses, which have led to frequent replacement of lenses causing clinical problems. Some patients experience pain or discomfort during treatments and the accumulation of drugs and preservatives in lenses has been suggested as a possible reason. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads