330 results match your criteria Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology [Journal]


Real-world comparison of the effectiveness and safety of different bowel preparation agents.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 16;11:289-299. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc., Parsippany, NJ, USA,

Background And Aims: Proper bowel cleansing is necessary prior to colonoscopy, but poor tolerability to bowel preparation agents may increase the odds of poor cleansing and incomplete screenings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the real-world effectiveness and safety of bowel preparation agents.

Methods: Claims data were extracted for individuals who had a screening colonoscopy from July 1, 2012, to June 30, 2015, were ≥18 years of age, and who could be observed ≥6 months before and ≥3 months after the screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S171861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280884PMC

Serum human endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (endocan) and vascular endothelial growth factor in cirrhotic HCV patients with hepatocellular carcinoma as predictors of mortality.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 23;11:431-438. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Al Tahrir Hospital, Giza, Egypt.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess serum levels of endocan & VEGF in patients with hepatitis C virus-related HCC and their diagnostic and predictive value of mortality.

Methods: A total of 195 patients with CHC were subdivided into the following two groups: 105 HCV cirrhotic patients with HCC and 90 HCV cirrhotic patients without HCC. Sixty apparently healthy subjects served as the control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S171339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260127PMC
November 2018

Inflammatory bowel disease epidemiology in São Paulo State, Brazil.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 30;11:423-429. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Surgery, Botucatu Medical School at Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to estimate the incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in São Paulo, Brazil, for 2012-2015.

Patients And Methods: This observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study included 22,638 IBD patients out of 43,046,555 inhabitants, who had initiated their treatment through the Governmental Program of the Brazilian Unified National Health System between the years of 2012 and 2015. The onset of the disease (used to determine incidence) was established as the date of the patient's initial registration in the Governmental Program with a diagnosis for Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S176583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6214600PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

A study of the circulating fibroblast growth factor 21 as a novel noninvasive biomarker of hepatic injury in genotype-4 chronic hepatitis C: Egyptian patients and their response to direct-acting antiviral agents.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:415-422. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Clinical Pathology Department, Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.

Background: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 was reported to be induced by different injurious agents, including chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus, affecting the liver. The aims of this study were to evaluate the FGF21 levels in CHC patients before and after the treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in comparison to that in control subjects and to correlate these levels with insulin resistance (IR), lipid profile, and fibrosis stages.

Patients And Methods: We studied 75 naive CHC patients and 40 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/a-study-of-the-circulating-fibrobl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S173484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204854PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia have an altered sublingual microcirculation.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 18;11:405-414. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Intensive Care, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Little is known about the microcirculatory alterations in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). We hypothesized that patients with CMI have an impaired microcirculatory function and show an oral microcirculatory response after caloric challenge compared to healthy controls.

Methods: All patients and controls received the standard workup for CMI. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/patients-with-chronic-mesenteric-i
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S159160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6200368PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Agreement of triage decisions between gastroenterologists and nurses in a hospital endoscopy unit.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 16;11:399-403. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Hutt Valley DHB Endoscopy Unit, Hutt Valley DHB, Lower Hutt, Wellington, New Zealand,

Introduction: Efficient and accurate triage of endoscopy referrals is essential. Many of the decisions made are based on national and local triage criteria. Standardizing this approach for nurse use could maintain quality, address clinical risk and significantly improve resource utilization. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/agreement-of-triage-decisions-betw
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S159516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199221PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

An integrated electronic health record-based workflow to improve management of colonoscopy-generated pathology results.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 8;11:391-397. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA,

Purpose: Managing and communicating colonoscopy-generated pathology results and appropriate follow-up recommendations can be challenging. To improve this process, we developed and implemented a standardized electronic health record-based intervention with built-in decision support.

Methods: Fourteen attending endoscopists performed enough colonoscopies to qualify for the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S170757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181114PMC
October 2018

Bioavailability of dexlansoprazole delayed-release capsule granules when administered via nasogastric tube or orally via syringe.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 5;11:381-389. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Clinical Science, Takeda Development Center Americas, Inc., Deerfield, IL, USA,

Objective: To assess the effect of route of administration on the bioavailability of dexlansoprazole 60 mg delayed-release capsule granules.

Methods: One open-label, Phase I, single-dose, 3-period crossover study was conducted in healthy adults. The bioavailability of Dexilant (dexlansoprazole) after dexlansoprazole capsule granules were mixed with water and administered via 16 French nasogastric tube or orally via syringe was compared to administration of the intact capsule in the fasted state, swallowed with water. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/bioavailability-of-dexlansoprazole
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S138580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177519PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

D-dimer plasmatic levels as a marker for diagnosis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients with portal vein thrombosis.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 3;11:373-380. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Science, University of Catania, Catania, Italy,

Purpose: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is one of the severe complications of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PVT deteriorates the liver, and its dysfunction increases the risk of bleeding, influencing the prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis and HCC. The aim of our study was to investigate whether D-dimer testing could be a sensitive marker for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients with PVT. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/d-dimer-plasmatic-levels-as-a-mark
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S172663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174900PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Focus on the use of antidepressants to treat pediatric functional abdominal pain: current perspectives.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 28;11:365-372. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital. Boston, MA, USA,

Chronic abdominal pain is frequently encountered in pediatric practice. A large proportion of cases meet Rome criteria for abdominal pain-functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs). These disorders are costly and, in some cases, lead to impairment of daily functioning and overall quality of life. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/focus-on-the-use-of-antidepressant
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S146646DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166750PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Diabetic gastroparesis: current challenges and future prospects.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 25;11:347-363. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Gastroenterology, Center for Neurogastroenterology and GI Motility, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA,

Diabetic gastroparesis (DMGP) is a condition of delayed gastric emptying after gastric outlet obstruction has been excluded. Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, early satiety, bloating, and abdominal pain are associated with DMGP. Uncontrolled symptoms can lead to overall poor quality of life and financial burdens on the healthcare system. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/diabetic-gastroparesis-current-cha
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S131650DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165730PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Short-course therapy for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: understanding the mechanism, impact on gut microbiota, and safety and tolerability of rifaximin.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:335-345. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

New Mexico VA Health Care System, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Albuquerque, NM, USA,

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain that occurs with defecation or alterations in bowel habits. Further classification is based on the predominant bowel habit: constipation-predominant IBS, diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D), or mixed IBS. The pathogenesis of IBS is unclear and is considered multifactorial in nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S167031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160288PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Hemin reduces inflammation associated with TNBS-induced colitis.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 18;11:325-334. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

iMed.ULisboa, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal,

Purpose: Hemin is a heme-oxygenase inducer, which can confer anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, and antiapoptotic effects. These properties are beneficial therapeutical effects to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is a worldwide health problem characterized by chronic inflammation of intestinal epithelium, which promotes intestinal and extraintestinal symptomatology. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/hemin-reduces-inflammation-associa
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S166197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151101PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Noradrenaline for reverting hepatorenal syndrome: a prospective, observational, single-center study.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 18;11:317-324. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India,

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of noradrenaline for the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS).

Background: HRS represents the development of renal failure in cirrhotic patients. The standard treatment for HRS is terlipressin, which, as opposed to noradrenaline, is more expensive and less accessible in most tertiary care centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S153858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151092PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Achalasia and esophageal cancer: risks and links.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 6;11:309-316. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Digestive Physiology and Motility Laboratory, Medical Biological Research Institute, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz, Mexico,

Esophageal cancer affects more than 4,50,000 persons worldwide, and its incidence has increased in recent years. It is the eighth most common cancer across the globe. The main histologic types are esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA), and their associated risk factors are well known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S141642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132237PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Liver function tests in identifying patients with liver disease.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 23;11:301-307. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, IL, USA.

Background And Aims: Many patients with liver disease come to medical attention once they have advanced cirrhosis or acute decompensation. Most often, patients are screened for liver disease via liver function tests (LFTs). There is very limited published data evaluating laboratory values with biopsy-proven stages of hepatic fibrosis. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/liver-function-tests-in-identifyin
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S160537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112813PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

Location of appendix in pregnancy: does it change?

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 26;11:281-287. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Surgical Oncology Department, Shaukat Khanum Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the change in anatomical location of appendix in full-term pregnancy.

Study Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Liaquat National University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Department of General Surgery, January 01 to July 31, 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S154913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065566PMC

Natural orifice specimen extraction in colorectal surgery: patient selection and perspectives.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:265-279. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA, USA,

Over the past 30 years, colorectal surgery has evolved to include minimally invasive surgical techniques. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with reduced postoperative pain, reduced wound complications, earlier return of bowel function, and possibly shorter length of hospital stay. These benefits have been attributed to a reduction in operative trauma compared to open surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S135331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063249PMC

Refeeding syndrome in the frail elderly population: prevention, diagnosis and management.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 10;11:255-264. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department for Diabetes, Endocrinology, Nutritional Medicine and Metabolism, Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland,

Aging is linked to physiological and pathophysiological changes. In this context, elderly patients often are frail, which strongly correlates with negative health outcomes and disability. Elderly patients are often malnourished, which again is an independent risk factor for both frailty and adverse clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S136429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6045900PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Comparing efficacy of lumen-apposing stents to plastic stents in the endoscopic management of mature peripancreatic fluid collections: a single-center experience.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 27;11:249-254. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, UMass Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA, USA,

Introduction: Mature peripancreatic fluid collection (MPFC) is a known and often challenging consequence of acute pancreatitis and often requires intervention. The most common method accepted is the "step-up approach," which consists of percutaneous drainage followed, if necessary, by minimally invasive retroperitoneal necrosectomy. Our paper aims to distinguish between plastic stents and lumen-apposing stents in the endoscopic management of MPFC in terms of morbidity, mortality, and haste of fluid collection resolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S167736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6027700PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Retrospective analysis of a lactose breath test in a gastrointestinal symptomatic population of Northeast Italy: use of (H+2CH) versus H threshold.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 18;11:243-248. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Maria Paola Belloni Center for Personalized Medicine, Data Medica Group, Synlab Limited, Padova, Italy.

Background: Lactose malabsorption is normally evaluated by measuring exhaled H produced by intestinal flora, from unabsorbed lactose. However, differing microbiome composition can lead to the production of CH instead of H; hence, some authors challenge the H method sensitivity and favor the evaluation of both intestinal gases.

Aim: To compare different approaches to usage of a lactose breath test for lactose malabsorption diagnosis, after medical evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S163962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011881PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Assessment and management of patients with intestinal failure: a multidisciplinary approach.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 12;11:233-241. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

The Lennard Jones Intestinal Failure Unit, St. Mark's Hospital, Harrow, UK.

Intestinal failure (IF) is a condition characterized by the inability to maintain a state of adequate nutrition, or fluid and electrolyte balance due to an anatomical or a physiological disorder of the gastrointestinal system. IF can be an extremely debilitating condition, significantly affecting the quality of life of those affected. The surgical management of patients with acute and chronic IF requires a specialist team who has the expertise in terms of technical challenges and decision-making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S122868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003282PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

Tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 3 (A20) is dysregulated in pediatric Crohn disease.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 30;11:217-231. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Pediatrics.

Purpose: A significant feature of pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), which include Crohn disease (CD), and ulcerative colitis (UC), is failure to suppress inflammation. The inability to regulate inflammation renders a major challenge toward establishing effective treatments in IBD. Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B-cells-induced inflammation is inhibited by A20 through interactions with TAX1BP1 (Tax1-binding protein 1) and A20-binding inhibitor of NF-κβ activation (ABIN)-1 (A20 binding and inhibitor of NF-κβ) and upon phosphorylation by inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-β kinase subunit beta (IKKβ), which stabilizes it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S148217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985767PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

A model of blood-ammonia homeostasis based on a quantitative analysis of nitrogen metabolism in the multiple organs involved in the production, catabolism, and excretion of ammonia in humans.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:193-215. Epub 2018 May 24.

Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Increased blood ammonia (NH) is an important causative factor in hepatic encephalopathy, and clinical treatment of hepatic encephalopathy is focused on lowering NH. Ammonia is a central element in intraorgan nitrogen (N) transport, and modeling the factors that determine blood-NH concentration is complicated by the need to account for a variety of reactions carried out in multiple organs. This review presents a detailed quantitative analysis of the major factors determining blood-NH homeostasis - the N metabolism of urea, NH, and amino acids by the liver, gastrointestinal system, muscle, kidney, and brain - with the ultimate goal of creating a model that allows for prediction of blood-NH concentration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S160921DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973424PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Elevated lactate level predicts intensive care unit admissions, endoscopies and transfusions in patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 23;11:185-192. Epub 2018 May 23.

Division of Gastroenterology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background And Aims: Initial clinical management decision in patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is often based on identifying high- and low-risk patients. Little is known about the role of lactate measurement in the triage of patients with acute GIB. We intended to assess if lactate on presentation is predictive of need for intervention in patients with acute GIB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S162703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973428PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Does the Internet promote the unregulated use of fecal microbiota transplantation: a potential public health issue?

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 1;11:179-183. Epub 2018 May 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, St Mark's Hospital, Harrow, UK.

Introduction: The Internet has become an increasingly popular resource for medical information. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has changed the treatment of with cure rates of 81% following one infusion of FMT, further studies have since validated these findings. The Medicines and Health care Products Regulatory Agency has classified FMT as a medicine and hence should be only utilized in strict clinical settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S159609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5935081PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Endoscopic comparison of gastroduodenal injury with over-the-counter doses of new fast-dissolving ibuprofen and paracetamol formulations: a randomized, placebo-controlled, 4-way crossover clinical trial.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 16;11:169-177. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Global Clinical Development, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.

Background: While gastrointestinal (GI) effects of standard ibuprofen and N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP) have been reported, upper GI injury following treatment with fast-dissolving (FD) formulations of these analgesics has not been investigated. We evaluated upper GI effects of over-the-counter doses of 2 FD ibuprofen products and 1 FD-APAP product.

Methods: In a randomized, placebo-controlled, endoscopist-blinded, 4-way crossover study, 28 healthy subjects received FD ibuprofen 2×200 mg liquid capsules 3 times daily (TID), ibuprofen 2×200 mg tablets TID, FD-APAP 2×500 mg tablets 4 times daily (QID), and placebo 2×500 mg tablets QID for 7 days. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/endoscopic-comparison-of-gastroduo
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S153231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5907787PMC
April 2018
9 Reads

Complete esophageal obstruction following endoscopic variceal ligation: a case report and literature review.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 10;11:165-168. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hawkes Bay Hospital, Hastings, New Zealand.

Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) is an important treatment modality in managing complications of portal hypertension. Since its advent 30 years ago, the procedural complications have decreased significantly, especially when compared with variceal sclerotherapy. With the current widespread use of EVL, rare complications are now becoming increasingly recognized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S161772DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901155PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Colonic transit time and pressure based on Bernoulli's principle.

Authors:
Yoshiharu Uno

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 5;11:153-163. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Office Uno Column, Yota, Onoe-Cho, Kakogawa, Japan.

Purpose: Variations in the caliber of human large intestinal tract causes changes in pressure and the velocity of its contents, depending on flow volume, gravity, and density, which are all variables of Bernoulli's principle. Therefore, it was hypothesized that constipation and diarrhea can occur due to changes in the colonic transit time (CTT), according to Bernoulli's principle. In addition, it was hypothesized that high amplitude peristaltic contractions (HAPC), which are considered to be involved in defecation in healthy subjects, occur because of cecum pressure based on Bernoulli's principle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S153676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5894719PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and model for end-stage liver disease score accurately predict the in-hospital mortality of black African patients with decompensated cirrhosis at initial hospitalization: a retrospective cohort study.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 9;11:143-152. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Medicine and Hepatogastroenterology Unit, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Yopougon, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Background: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) predict short-term mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Prediction of mortality at initial hospitalization is unknown in black African patients with decompensated cirrhosis.

Aim: This study aimed to look at the role of MELD score and SIRS as the predictors of morbidity and mortality at initial hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S140655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898600PMC
April 2018
9 Reads

Validation of a risk prediction model for Barrett's esophagus in an Australian population.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 28;11:135-142. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Background: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is a disease that has a high mortality rate, the only known precursor being Barrett's esophagus (BE). While screening for BE is not cost-effective at the population level, targeted screening might be beneficial. We have developed a risk prediction model to identify people with BE, and here we present the external validation of this model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S158627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5878665PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Proton pump inhibitor-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease: challenges and solutions.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 21;11:119-134. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

A significant percentage of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) will not respond to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. The causes of PPI-refractory GERD are numerous and diverse, and include adherence, persistent acid, functional disorders, nonacid reflux, and PPI bioavailability. The evaluation should start with a symptom assessment and may progress to imaging, endoscopy, and monitoring of esophageal pH, impedance, and bilirubin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S121056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868737PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Postoperative pancreatic fistula: a review of traditional and emerging concepts.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 15;11:105-118. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains the major cause of morbidity after pancreatic resection, affecting up to 41% of cases. With the recent development of a consensus definition of POPF, there has been a large number of reports examining various risk factors, prediction models, and mitigation strategies for this costly complication. Despite these strategies, the rates of POPF have not significantly diminished. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S120217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5858541PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Clinical and laboratory features of intestinal tuberculosis.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 13;11:97-103. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Ronak Endo-laparoscopy and General Surgical Hospital, Patan, Gujarat, India.

Background/aims: As increasing numbers of Crohn's disease (CD) cases are being recognized in India, so the differential diagnosis of CD and gastrointestinal tuberculosis (GITB) is becoming increasingly important. If patients are misdiagnosed with GITB, toxicity may result from unnecessary anti-TB therapy and treatment of the primary disease (ie, CD) gets delayed. We therefore aimed to assess the accuracy of various parameters that can be used to predict GITB diagnosis at index evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S154235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5856297PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Effects of resistant maltodextrin on bowel movements: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 1;11:85-96. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Laboratory of Food and Nutrition, Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

It is well known that dietary fiber helps to relieve and prevent constipation, and there are a number of scientific papers, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the effects of naturally derived dietary fiber on bowel movements. In recent years, there has been an increase in the manufacture of dietary fiber ingredients obtained from food raw materials, and these are now commonly available in the market. Resistant maltodextrin (RMD), a soluble dietary fiber, is manufactured from starch, and industrially produced soluble dietary fiber is used worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S153924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5836649PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Cyclic vomiting syndrome: diagnostic approach and current management strategies.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 26;11:77-84. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, South Dakota State University, College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions, Rapid City Regional Hospital, Rapid City, SD, USA.

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder characterized by episodes of nausea and vomiting lasting for 1-5 days followed by asymptomatic periods. The etiology of CVS is unknown, but it shares similar characteristics to migraine headaches. CVS is generally classified as having four phases: prodromal, acute/vomiting/hyperemesis, recovery, and remission/interepisodic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S136420DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5833754PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Bouveret syndrome: current management strategies.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 15;11:69-75. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Bouveret syndrome is a rare complication of cholelithiasis that usually presents with signs and symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction. Given the relative rarity of this condition, there are no standardized guidelines for the management of this condition. In this paper, we review the diagnosis and management options (endoscopic, laparoscopic, and open approaches) of patients with Bouveret syndrome, including a report of one case to illustrate some of the endoscopic and surgical principles of management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S132069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819584PMC
February 2018
8 Reads

Prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone reduces opioid-induced constipation and improves quality of life in laxative-refractory patients: results of an observational study.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:57-67. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Mundipharma International Limited, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Opioids are an effective treatment for moderate-to-severe pain. However, they are associated with a number of gastrointestinal side effects, most commonly constipation. Laxatives do not target the underlying mechanism of opioid-induced constipation (OIC), so many patients do not have their symptoms resolved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S143913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5788929PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

Rationale and design of the VISION study: a randomized, open-label study to evaluate the long-term safety of vonoprazan as maintenance treatment in patients with erosive esophagitis.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 24;11:51-56. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Osaka, Japan.

Erosive esophagitis (EE) occurs when the epithelial mucosa is damaged due to gastric acid reflux, and the incidence of this disease is increasing in Japan due to changes in diet and lifestyle. The condition can be treated using proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) that act by irreversibly blocking the H,K-ATPase responsible for acid secretion. Vonoprazan is a K competitive channel inhibitor, which reversibly and potently inhibits gastric acid secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S144149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5789071PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Ethnic/racial differences in gastrointestinal symptoms and diagnosis associated with the risk of infection in the US.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 18;11:39-49. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Background: In the US, neither the prevalence nor the gastrointestinal (GI) diagnosis/symptoms associated with (HP) have been examined in different racial/ethnic groups.

Aim: To determine the racial/ethnic differences in HP infection associated with GI diagnoses/symptoms using the Cerner Health Facts database.

Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data during the period of 2000-2015 from the following ethnic/racial groups: 8,236,317 white, 2,085,389 black, 426,622 Hispanic, 293,156 Asian Pacific/Islander (APIs), and 89,179 Native American/Alaskan Native (NA/AN) patients aged 21-65 years old; the data were then analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S144967DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5779296PMC
January 2018
10 Reads

Isolation and gene expression profiling of intestinal epithelial cells: crypt isolation by calcium chelation from in vivo samples.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 12;11:29-37. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin.

Aim: The epithelial layer within the colon represents a physical barrier between the luminal contents and its underlying mucosa. It plays a pivotal role in mucosal homeostasis, and both tolerance and anti-pathogenic immune responses. Identifying signals of inflammation initiation and responses to stimuli from within the epithelial layer is critical to understanding the molecular pathways underlying disease pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S145224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769583PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Relationship of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in gastric patients.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 12;11:19-27. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Immunogenetics Laboratory, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará.

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the association between the human gene and infection.

Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 208 adult patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Gastric biopsy specimens were obtained from each patient for molecular DNA and histological examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S143332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769596PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Endoscope-connected water pump with high flow rates improves the unsedated colonoscopy performance by water immersion method.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 12;11:13-18. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Sepulveda Ambulatory Care Center, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine if different water pump flow rates influence the insertion time of water immersion method in unsedated patients. We tested the hypothesis that high flow rate (HFR) is more effective than low flow rate (LFR) in facilitating insertion. Clinical registration number: NCT01869296. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S152669DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769563PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Exercise in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases: current perspectives.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2018 22;11:1-11. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including both Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic autoimmune diseases. Both CD and UC have relapsing and remitting courses. Although effective medical treatments exist for these chronic conditions, some patients do not respond to these traditional therapies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S120816DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5743119PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Preventive effect of on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-(NMU) induced gastric cancer in rats.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 11;10:327-332. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru.

Background: Currently, gastric cancer (GC) is considered a public health problem worldwide. Using medicinal plants for the prevention of chronic diseases such as cancer constitutes new alternatives in traditional medicine. (OR) could be an option, but it needs to be evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S142515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729836PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

A novel scoring system for prediction of esophageal varices in critically ill patients.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 7;10:315-325. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Tropical Medicine Department, Tanta University, Tanta.

Background And Aims: Patients with advanced systemic illness or critically ill patients may present with upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) bleeding which may need endoscopic intervention; however, this may expose them to unnecessary endoscopy. The aim was to validate a novel scoring system for risk stratification for urgency of GIT endoscopy in critically ill patients.

Methods: This is an observational study conducted from January 2013 to January 2016 to analyze 300 patients with critical medical conditions and presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S144700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5724407PMC
December 2017
15 Reads

Interdependency between mechanical parameters and afferent nerve discharge in remodeled diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rat intestine.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 1;10:303-314. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Giome Center, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong and Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Background: Gastrointestinal disorders are very common in diabetic patients, but the pathogenesis is still not well understood. Peripheral afferent nerves may be involved due to the complex regulation of gastrointestinal function by the enteric nervous system.

Objective: We aimed to characterize the stimulus-response function of afferent fibers innervating the jejunum in the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) type 2 diabetic rat model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S145016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716675PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Evaluation of a fecal immunochemistry test prior to colonoscopy for outpatients with various indications.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 10;10:285-292. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University School of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Stool tests can predict advanced neoplasms prior to colonoscopy. Results of immunochemical stool tests to predict findings at colonoscopy for various indications are less often reported. We compared pre-colonoscopy stool tests with findings in patients undergoing colonoscopy for different indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S147928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5689031PMC
November 2017
9 Reads

Next generation of biologics for the treatment of Crohn's disease: an evidence-based review on ustekinumab.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 15;10:293-301. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

The limited efficacy of the currently available medical therapies in a proportion of patients with Crohn's disease has led to the research and development of molecules that can block new inflammatory pathways. Ustekinumab is a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody which targets the common p40 subunit of the cytokines interleukin-12 as well as interleukin-23. Consequently, the Th1 and Th17 inflammatory responses are inhibited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S110546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5697448PMC
November 2017
11 Reads

Duodenal and jejunal Dieulafoy's lesions: optimal management.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2017 7;10:275-283. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

Eren Hospital, General Surgery Unit, Istanbul, Turkey.

Dieulafoy's lesions (DLs) are rare and cause gastrointestinal bleeding resulting from erosion of dilated submucosal vessels. The most common location for DL is the stomach, followed by duodenum. There is little information about duodenal and jejunal DLs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S122784DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5683779PMC
November 2017
6 Reads