358 results match your criteria Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health [Journal]


Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.

Authors:
Antonio E Nardi

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 29;14:233-235. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Institute of Psychiatry - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. National Academy of Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174610PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Personality Traits in Fibromyalgia (FM): Does FM Personality Exists? A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:223-232. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology, Critical and Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is the second most common rheumatic disease with many effects on patient's quality of life. It has been described as a chronic condition characterized by widespread musculo-skeletal pain, sleep disorders and prominent fatigue. Regarding the role of personality factors in fibromyalgia, researchers have focused both on personality traits and psychopathological aspects showing inconsistent results. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-223
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166394PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

The Association Between Dental Anxiety And Psychiatric Disorders And Symptoms: A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:207-222. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, 90230 Oulu, Finland.

Background: A growing amount of evidence suggests that dental anxiety is associated with other psychiatric disorders and symptoms. A systematic review was conducted to critically evaluate the studies of comorbidity of dental anxiety with other specific phobias and other Axis I psychiatric disorders.

Objective: The aim of the review was to explore how dental anxiety is associated with other psychiatric disorders and to estimate the level of comorbid symptoms in dental anxiety patients. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-207
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142663PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Postpartum Depression Among Mothers Attending Public Health Centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:196-206. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Collage of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Objectives: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a serious public health problem that leads to high maternal morbidity and mortality, enormously affecting the infant, family and society. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with postpartum depression among postpartum mothers attending public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.

Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016-April 2016 among 633 postpartum women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131316PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:188-195. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry (IPUB), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aims to identify the prevalence of burnout and associated factors in Brazilian medical students.

Methods: In the largest medical school from Central Brazil, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and a socio-demographic questionnaire were adopted in this cross-sectional study. Correlations among the three dimensions of burnout were verified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128019PMC
August 2018
17 Reads

The Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adult Psychiatric Inpatients: A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 29;14:177-187. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.

Background: Whilst the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in adults within the community setting is well-established, less is known about the prevalence among adults based within a psychiatric inpatient setting.

Objective: To conduct a systematic literature review pertaining to the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among the adult psychiatric inpatient population.

Method: Eligibility criteria included: (a) investigation of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (b) adult psychiatric inpatient study population (c) published in English language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6118035PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Parental Burden and its Correlates in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Multicentre Study with Two Comparison Groups.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:143-176. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Italian Society for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Italy.

Background: The effects of having a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) on parents are multifaceted and pervasive. While ample evidence has been provided that these families are under severe stress, there are still several knowledge gaps and unresolved questions.

Objective: This study aimed at quantifying the subjective and objective burden of ASD in mothers and fathers, and at improving the understanding of the interplay between parental burden, child's characteristics, and parents' coping resources and strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080067PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Organizational Factors and Burnout of Perioperative Nurses.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:132-142. Epub 2018 May 31.

Deputy Director of Nursing Research and Education, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Knowing the organizational factors that predict burnout in perioperative nurses is paramount for improving the care of patients and promoting nurses' psychosocial well-being and health.

Objective: To determine the influence of organizational factors of the perioperative nurse's work environment on the three burnout dimensions: emotional exhaustion, despersonalization, and personal accomplishment.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 nurses in a perioperative care unit at a university hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997854PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Quick Identification of the Risk of Psychosis: The Italian Version of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 23;14:120-131. Epub 2018 May 23.

Center of Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics, University Hospital, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Diagnosing people during the prodromal phase of an incipient psychosis can improve the chance of better outcome. In busy clinical settings, the ideal tool is a brief, easy-to-complete self-report questionnaire.

Objective: To test the psychometric properties of the Italian version of one of the most used screening tools for the identification of the risk of psychosis, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief (PQ-B). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971201PMC
May 2018
14 Reads

Domestic Violence as a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression Among Ethiopian Women: Facility Based Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 23;14:109-119. Epub 2018 May 23.

College of Health sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Mental illness in women leads to an increased maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum depression accommodates various groups of depressive disorders and syndromes that occur within the first immediate year after delivery. Thus, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms and correlates among mothers attending public health centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971200PMC
May 2018
19 Reads

Comparative Study on Knowledge About Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Paediatric and Psychiatric Nurses in Public Hospitals in Kumasi, Ghana.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:99-108. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Ashanti School for the Deaf, Jamasi, Ghana, West Africa.

Background: Despite the existence of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana, few studies have provided the necessary information on the phenomenon. These studies have mostly focused on speech and language therapy for children and modification of classroom environment for children with autism spectrum disorder. This approach has resulted in a paucity of knowledge on nurse's knowledge of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897989PMC
March 2018
7 Reads

Physical Exercise For Parkinson's Disease: Clinical And Experimental Evidence.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:89-98. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program - Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil.

Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated.

Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897963PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Remission in Depression and Associated Factors at Different Assessment Times in Primary Care in Chile.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 26;14:78-88. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Neurosciences Institute, Viña del Mar, Chile.

Objective: To determine the factors associated with remission at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months among depressive adult patients in primary care [PHC] in Chile.

Methods: This is a one-year naturalistic study that followed 297 patients admitted for treatment of depression in eight primary care clinics in Chile. Initially, patients were evaluated using: the International Mini-Neuropsychiatric Interview [MINI], a screening for Childhood Trauma Events [CTEs], the Life Experiences Survey and a partner violence scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876920PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

The Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire Simplified for Active Aging (PBE-QAG).

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 26;14:70-77. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Messina, Italy.

Background: The physical activity has been indicated as an experience that can help achieve positive, self-oriented own body awareness. This awareness is an aspect that tends to get worse with age.

Objective: Our study aims to verify the internal consistency of a questionnaire on physical awareness in a sample of Italian elders; a secondary objective is to measure if there is a relationship between physical awareness and perceived level of physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872200PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Colorectal Cancer Screening: The Role of Psychological, Social and Background Factors in Decision-making Process.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:63-69. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Since ColoRectal Cancer (CRC) remains the third cause of cancer death in the world, a better understanding of the reasons underlying poor adherence to and delay in undergoing CRC screening programs is important. CRC screening decision-making process can be conceptualized as the relationship between intention and behavior and needs to be investigated including the impact on patients' decision of a broad range of psychological factors and personal predisposition as fear of a positive screening test, poor understanding of the procedure, psychological distress, anxiety, anticipation of pain, feelings of embarrassment and vulnerability. Also socioeconomic, ethnic and sociological influences, and organizational barriers have been identified as factors influencing CRC screening adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872199PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Design of FRET Probes for SNP RS1006737, Related to Mood Disorder.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:53-62. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Messina, Italy.

Background: Several studies have shown that the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) in the CACAN1C gene, rs1006737, is related to different mood disorder illnesses, such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Current day molecular procedures for allele detection of this gene can be very expensive and time consuming. Hence, a sensitive and specific molecular procedure for detecting these mutations in a large number of subjects is desirable, especially for research groups who have no complex laboratory equipment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838627PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

The Elderly and the City: Lack of Knowledge on Violence Perception and Consequences on Daily Life.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:46-52. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Social Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: Two main demographic phenomena have substantially changed the condition of elderly: the growth of the urban population and the increase in longevity.

Objective: The aim of the present review is to investigate how the elderly living in the cities perceive the sense of insecurity compared to those who reside in rural areas, and their Quality of Life (QoL).

Method: Studies published from January 2011 to August 2017 were identified on Google and PubMed combining the following terms: "elderly urban/rural QoL" or "old age urban/rural QoL". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838642PMC
February 2018
6 Reads

Genetic Variants Involved in Bipolar Disorder, a Rough Road Ahead.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:37-45. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD), along with depression and schizophrenia, is one of the most serious mental illnesses, and one of the top 20 causes of severe impairment in everyday life. Recent molecular studies, using both traditional approaches and new procedures such as Whole-Genome Sequencing (WGS), have suggested that genetic factors could significantly contribute to the development of BD, with heritability estimates of up to 85%. However, it is assumed that BD is a multigenic and multifactorial illness with environmental factors that strongly contribute to disease development/progression, which means that progress in genetic knowledge of BD might be difficult to interpret in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838621PMC
February 2018
8 Reads

Coping with the New Era: Noise and Light Pollution, Hperactivity and Steroid Hormones. Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:33-36. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

University of California at San Diego USA.

Human population is increasing in immense cities with millions of inhabitants, in which life is expected to run 24 hours a day for seven days a week (24/7). Noise and light pollution are the most reported consequences, with a profound impact on sleep patterns and circadian biorhythms. Disruption of sleep and biorhythms has severe consequences on many metabolic pathways. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-33
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838624PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Takotsubo Syndrome is Associated with Mood Disorders and Antidepressants Use, not with Anxiety and Impairment of Quality of Life Due to the Psychiatric Disorder.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 27;14:26-32. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The aim was to study the association between mood and anxiety disorders and the Tako-Tsubo Syndrome (TTS) and to determine the role of antidepressants and the impairment of quality of life due the comorbid psychiatric disorder.

Methods: Case-control study: 19 consecutive patients (17 female) with TTS compared to 76 controls without TTS, were randomly selected from the database of a nationwide epidemiological study after matching (gender, age and residence) by controls. Psychiatric diagnoses were carried out according to the ICD-10 using semi-structured interview tools (ANTAS-SCID) administered by clinical staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838620PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Anxiety Symptoms and Cortical Activity in Patients with Panic Disorder: A Pilot Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:11-25. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: The effects of the aerobic exercise on anxiety symptoms in patients with Panic Disorder (PD) remain unclear. Thus, the investigation of possible changes in EEG frontal asymmetry could contribute to understand the relationship among exercise, brain and anxiety.

Objective: To investigate the acute effects of aerobic exercise on the symptoms of anxiety and the chronic effects of aerobic exercise on severity and symptoms related to PD, besides the changes in EEG frontal asymmetry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5827302PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Physical Activity, Exercise and Sport Programs as Effective Therapeutic Tools in Psychosocial Rehabilitation.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:6-10. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

People with severe psychosocial disabilities have a 20-years shorter lifespan due to chronic somatic comorbidities and the long-term consequences of the side-effects of antipsychotic drugs. They often are sedentary and show lower levels of physical activity, factors which can contribute to their shorter lifespan, because of the greater cardiovascular risk. An increasing amount of evidence, including clinical trials, pointed out that sport, physical activity and structured exercise programs improve physical and psychological wellbeing of people with psychosocial disabilities, playing also an important role against their social isolation and self-stigma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5827297PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Active Aging and Elderly's Quality of Life: Comparing the Impact on Literature of Projects Funded by the European Union and USA.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The objective of this research is to verify whether European projects on Active Aging (AA) and Elderly Quality of Life (Qol) funded by the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) produce an impact on literature similar to projects funded by the National Health Institute (NHI) of the United States on international literature using well-known bibliometric indicators. This effort may be useful in developing standardized and replicable procedures.

Methods: Fifteen randomly selected projects on AA and Elderly Qol concluded in August 2017 and funded by FP7 were compared to similar projects funded by the US NHI with reference to papers published (Scopus and Scholar), papers published in Q1 journals, and the number of citations of the papers linked to the projects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5814948PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

The Relationship Between Personality and Neurocognition Among the American Elderly: An Epidemiologic Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 28;13:233-245. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano - Milano.

Background: Although different personality traits have often been associated with different levels of mental activity and cognitive functioning, no previous studies have evaluated the association in a sample that mirrors a nationally-representative sample of elderly individuals.

Objective: To evaluate the association between personality traits and neurocognitive functioning among individuals 51 years and older using the Cognition and Aging in the USA (CogUSA) database.

Methods: We analyzed the association between personality traits and neurocognitive scores derived from Waves I and II of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725479PMC
November 2017
10 Reads

The Effects of "VelaMente?!" Project on Social Functioning of People With Severe Psychosocial Disabilities.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 24;13:220-232. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: Physical activity helps to improve several clinical outcomes of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. The aims of this study were; 1) to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing in a crew on: a) social functioning; b) severity of the psychosocial disability; c) general functioning; d) dysregulation of biorhythms of people with severe psychosocial disabilities, and 2) to evaluate the attenders' satisfaction about the project.

Methods: A randomized waitlist controlled trial with parallel groups was carried out involving 51 people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725481PMC
November 2017
19 Reads

Relationship Between Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (Bdnf) and Sleep on Depression: A Critical Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 21;13:213-219. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (BDNF) is one of the most important neurotrophins in the brain and it is suggested influences the activity of the serotonergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic pathways. In the last few years, it has been hypothesized that BDNF level is related with depression and sleep. Several studies show that depressive subjects present low levels of BDNF in the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725585PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

Affective Changes During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-As Measured by PANAS.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 25;13:115-124. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Section of Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Background: Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT.

Method: A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738644PMC
August 2017
9 Reads

"VelaMente?!" - Sailin in a Crew to Improve Self-Efficacy in People with Psychosocial Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 13;13:200-212. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Medical Science and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: It has been proposed that sailing can improve quality of life, personal and social skills of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing on quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence in people with severe psychosocial disabilities.

Methods: The study was a randomized, with parallel groups, waiting-list controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712647PMC
November 2017
15 Reads

Cognitive Dysfunction in Asian Patients with Depression (CogDAD): A Cross-Sectional Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 31;13:185-199. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Lundbeck Singapore Pte. Ltd., 101 Thomson Road, Singapore.

Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712642PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

Physical Exercise As Stabilizer For Alzheimer'S Disease Cognitive Decline: Current Status.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 28;13:181-184. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Intercontinental Neuroscience Research Group.

Introduction: Mental health decline is one of the main responsible factors for augments in health care costs, and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some studies stated physical exercise is useful for reduction in cognitive decline and AD. Moreover, a recent review argued that evidence are scarce due to few studies published and lack of configuration information of exercise protocol, such as intensity and duration of exercise, number of sessions and other relevant data, to allow appropriate assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712652PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

Influence of Severe Carotid Stenosis on Cognition, Depressive Symptoms and Quality of Life.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 19;13:168-180. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Vascular Surgery Centre, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, , Latvia.

Background: Carotid artery disease is not just a causal risk factor of ischemic stroke, but may predispose patients to depressive symptoms and low health related quality of life (HRQoL).

Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to assess the association between severe carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and cognitive impairment, frequency of depressive symptoms and status of HRQoL.

Methods: Cross - sectional study involved 55 patients with severe CAS and 54 patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712638PMC
October 2017
20 Reads

Risk for Depression, Burnout and Low Quality of Life Among Personnel of a University Hospital in Italy is a Consequence of the Impact One Economic Crisis in the Welfare System?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 13;13:156-167. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Research literature suggests that burnout, depression, and a low mental quality of life (QOL) are common among health care workers. Economic crisis might have increased the burden of burnout, depression and low QOL in health care workers.

Objectives: To identify depression risk, burnout levels, and quality of life in a sample of workers of an Italian university hospital. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-13-156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712646PMC
October 2017
9 Reads

Functional Impairment and Painful Physical Symptoms in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder Treated with Antidepressants: Real-World Evidence from the Middle East.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 30;13:145-155. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The Global Burden of Disease 2010 study reported the relative size of major depressive disorder (MDD) burden to be greater in the Middle East and North Africa than anywhere else. However, little research has been carried out to examine the comparative effectiveness of antidepressants in this region.

Objective: To assess and compare functioning levels in Middle Eastern patients with MDD treated with either duloxetine or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), and to examine the impacts of depression-related pain on functioning by the type of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010145DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712648PMC
September 2017
8 Reads

Modulatory Effect of Association of Brain Stimulation by Light and Binaural Beats in Specific Brain Waves.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 14;13:134-144. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

PhD Program in Mental Health, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Introduction: One of the positive effects of brain stimulation is interhemispheric modulation as shown in some scientific studies. This study examined if a type of noninvasive stimulation using binaural beats with led-lights and sound would show different modulatory effects upon Alfa and SMR brain waves of elderlies and children with some disease types.

Subjects: The sample included 75 individuals of both genders, being, randomly, divided in 6 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712641PMC
September 2017
7 Reads

The Role of Physical Activity on Mood State and Functional Skills of Elderly Women.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 14;13:125-133. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), RJ - Brazil.

Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712650PMC
September 2017
9 Reads

Study of Genetic Association With and Developmental Dyslexia in Hong Kong Chinese Children.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 21;13:104-114. Epub 2017 Aug 21.

Department of Psychology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Background: Doublecortin domain-containing 2 (DCDC2) is a doublecortin domain-containing gene family member and the doublecortin domain has been demonstrated to bind to tubulin and enhance microtubule polymerization. It has been associated with developmental dyslexia and this protein family member is thought to function in neuronal migration where it may affect the signaling of primary cilia.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to find out if there is any association of genetic variants of DCDC2 with developmental dyslexia in Chinese children from Hong Kong. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5633722PMC
August 2017
12 Reads

Antipsychotic Use Pattern in Schizophrenia Outpatients: Correlates of Polypharmacy.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 11;13:92-103. Epub 2017 Aug 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya University Medical Faculty Training and Research Hospital - Psychiatry Sakarya, Sakarya, Turkey.

Background: This study investigates the antipsychotic use patterns of patients with schizophrenia and its correlations in their daily drug use patterns.

Methods: Patients with schizophrenia who have regular records at two different community counselling centres (CCS) were included in the study. Information about their medications and sociodemographic data was recorded through face-to-face interviews and supporting information about their drug use patterns was obtained from their relatives/caregivers/nurse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5633702PMC
August 2017
10 Reads

Relationship Among Physical Activity Level, Mood and Anxiety States and Quality of Life in Physical Education Students.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 9;13:82-91. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Background: Physical activity level (PAL) is known to play an important role in reducing risk factors associated with sedentarism, in addition to improving the mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQL).

Objective: Investigate the relationship of PAL and their domains with HRQL, mood state (MS) and anxiety. : 140 Physical Education students (23. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/CPEMH-13-82
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5633699PMC
August 2017
19 Reads

Cognitive Performance in Euthymic Patients with Bipolar Disorder vs Healthy Controls: A Neuropsychological Investigation.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 27;13:71-81. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico-Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, Università degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, via Francesco Sforza 35, 20122 Milano, Italy.

Objectives: Cognitive impairment may affect patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) beyond the acute episodes, qualifying as a potential endophenotype. However, which cognitive domains are specifically affected in euthymic patients with BD and the potential influence of confounding factors (, age and concomitant pharmacological treatment) are still a matter of debate. The present study was, therefore, conducted to assess cognitive performance across specific domains in euthymic bipolar patients, not older than 50 years (to avoid potential age-related bias) versus healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/CPEMH-13-71
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5564021PMC
July 2017
15 Reads

Detecting and Managing Mental Health Issues within Young Adults. A Systematic Review on College Counselling in Italy.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 19;13:61-70. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Background: College counselling can be considered as a front-line service in detecting and managing mental health issues within young adults. In this sense, it is important to investigate the effectiveness of counselling interventions.

Objective: To provide a systematic review about college counselling in Italy; to assess which psychological interventions really meet student needs, and their effectiveness; to focus on the level of cohesion between Italian counselling services and the international guidelines about college counselling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543617PMC
July 2017
11 Reads

Predicting Factors of Depression, Antidepressant Use and Positive Response to Antidepressants in Perinatal and Postpartum Women.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 30;13:49-60. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: In the United States, there is a disparity in knowledge of nationwide depression prevalence, the antidepressant use and the antidepressant responses during perinatal/postpartum periods.

Objective: This study investigated the predicting factors of depression, antidepressant use and positive antidepressant response during the perinatal/postpartum periods.

Method: The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were combined to identify adult pregnant women, those within the 18-month postpartum period (n=492) and their depression statuses demographics, health care accessibility, antidepressant use and illicit drug use information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5510557PMC
June 2017
7 Reads

Bupropion Maintenance Treatment in Refractory Bipolar Depression: A Case Report.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 31;13:43-48. Epub 2017 May 31.

Department of Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: The optimal duration of antidepressant treatment in bipolar depression appears to be controversial due to a lack of quality evidence, and guideline recommendations are either vague or contradictive. This is especially true for second line treatments such as bupropion that had not been subject to rigourous long term studies in Bipolar Disorder.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 75 year old woman who presented with treatment refractory bipolar depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5470062PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Hypertension and Risk of Post-Operative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 18;13:27-42. Epub 2017 May 18.

Molecular Epidemiology Research Group, Max-Delbrueck-Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC), Berlin, Germany.

Background: Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs frequently after major surgery. Hypertension is well-established as a risk factor for age-related cognitive impairment, but it is unclear whether or not it also increases the risk of POCD.

Objective: To evaluate the role of hypertension in POCD risk in a systematic review and meta-analysis. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/CPEMH-13-27
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5447947PMC
May 2017
10 Reads

Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI): Standardization for Age 6-17 Years and First Clinical Application.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 22;13:20-26. Epub 2017 Mar 22.

Child & Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Biomedical Science, University of Cagliari & "A. Cao" Microcitemico Paediatric Hospital - G. Brotzu Hospital Trust, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI) is a questionnaire designed to collect information from the parents of children and adolescents, both for the preparation of screening and epidemiological studies and for clinical evaluation. It has been published in CPEMH in 2013, with the first data on 8-10 years old school children. Here we report an extended standardization on a school population 6-17 years old and the first results of the application in a clinical sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5388793PMC
March 2017
28 Reads

Moderate Depression Promotes Posttraumatic Growth (Ptg): A Young Population Survey 2 Years after the 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 16;13:10-19. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Background: Earthquakes can result in a range of psychopathology and in negative and positive consequences for survivors.

Objective: To examine the association between clinical aftereffects (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among young survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, Italy.

Method: 316 young earthquake survivors enrolled in the University of L'Aquila were evaluated two years after the natural disaster. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5388786PMC
March 2017
13 Reads

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Mindfulness for Health-Related Quality of Life: Comparing Treatments for Parents of Children with Chronic Conditions - A Pilot Feasibility Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 23;13:1-9. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Section of Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Background: Research on parents of children with chronic conditions has shown that this parent group frequently suffers from psychological problems such as deteriorating life quality and stress-related disorders.

Objective: The present feasibility study focuses on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and life satisfaction of parents of children with chronic conditions.

Method: The study was conducted using a repeated measures design and applied either group-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT; = 10) or a group-based mindfulness programme (MF; = 9). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5301303PMC
January 2017
14 Reads

Relationship Among Body Image, Anthropometric Parameters and Mental Health in Physical Education Students.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2016 27;12:177-187. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Physical Activity Neuroscience Laboratory, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program - Salgado de Oliveira University (UNIVERSO), Niterói, Brazil; Intercontinental Neuroscience Research Group.

Background: The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction (BID) is currently high. Given that psychological well-being is associated with the body measurements imposed by esthetic standards, BID is an important risk factor for mental disorders.

Objective: Identify the prevalence of BID, and compare anthropometric and mental health parameters between individuals satisfied and dissatisfied with their body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901612010177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5278552PMC
December 2016
35 Reads

Nursing Staff Members Mental's Health and Factors Associated with the Work Process: An Integrative Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2016 23;12:167-176. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

Postgraduate Program Nursing and Gerontology Master Program, Federal University of Paraíba, Paraíba, Brazil.

Background: The mental health of nursing staff members influences the work process outcomes.

Objective: Identify the work related factors that harms the nursing team's mental health.

Methods: Databases PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and MEDLINE, by mating between the indexed descriptors in MeSH terms "mental health" and "occupational health nursing". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901612010167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5278561PMC
December 2016
17 Reads

Quality of Life of Sardinian Immigrants in Buenos Aires and of People Living in Italy and Sardinia: Does the Kind of Care have a Role for People with Depression?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2016 23;12:158-166. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

Universidad del Museo Social Argentino, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background / Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the Quality of Life (QoL) of Sardinian immigrants to Argentina with Sardinians residing in Sardinia. The hypothesis was that a different availability of effective treatments for mood disorders may impact the well being of persons with these disorders.

Methods: One out of five families of Sardinian origin was randomly selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901612010158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5278545PMC
December 2016
25 Reads