379 results match your criteria Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health [Journal]


Impairment of Quality of Life Associated With Lifetime Diagnosis of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Women - A National Survey in Italy.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 28;15:38-43. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

University of Pisa ,Pisa, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to measure the lifetime prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among women of an Italian community sample, the comorbidity of PTSD with mood and anxiety disorders and the burden attributable to PTSD in worsening the Quality of Life (QoL).

Methods: Community survey on a sample of 1961 adult women randomly selected. Tools: psychiatric clinical interview ANTAS partially derived from the SCID-DSM-IV, administered by psychologists or medical doctors; Short Form Health Survey (SF-12); Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416466PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

The Prevalence of Specific Phobia by Age in an Italian Nationwide Survey: How Much Does it Affect the Quality of Life?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 20;15:30-37. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Cagliari,Cagliari,Italy.

Introduction: The study aimed to see if a community survey conducted by clinical interviewers with semi-structured psychiatric interviews shows lifetime prevalence rates of Specific Phobia (SP) similar to those found by surveys carried out by lay interviewers and if the high level of impairment found in SP may be confirmed.

Methods: This is a community survey on an Italian nationwide sample randomly selected from registers of municipalities. Tools: semi-structured ANTAS psychiatric interview derived from the SCID-DSM-IV, carried out by clinicians (psychologists or physicians); Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) as a measure of Quality of Life (QoL). Read More

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https://clinical-practice-and-epidemiology-in-mental-health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407652PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Assessing Learning Needs and Career Attitudes of Italian Psychiatry Residents: Results from a National Survey Conducted by the Italian Society of Psychopathology Young Psychiatrists Section (SOPSI-GG).

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 20;15:21-29. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "Luigi Sacco", University of Milan, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italy.

Objective: No data are available about learning needs and career attitudes of Italian Psychiatry Residents (IPRs). Authors aimed to assess such needs through a survey to generate insight for implementing educational programs close to IPRs' perceived learning needs.

Methods: A 54-item questionnaire was developed in order to investigate career information, educational preference and learning needs of IPRs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407657PMC
February 2019

Virtual Reality-Based Exercise with Exergames as Medicine in Different Contexts: A Short Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 31;15:15-20. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Physical Education, State University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

There is enough evidence that, nowadays, the sedentary lifestyle is one of the major health problems worldwide, linked to many chronic diseases, including mental comorbidities, systemic hypertension, metabolic dysregulation, and cancer. Although health societies recommend engagement to physical activities, there is an overwhelming number of people remaining sedentary, even knowing the health benefits of regular exercises. One of the main factors that justifies this scenario is the lack of motivation, which is a barrier to people intended to start new habits for health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407662PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Cost-effectiveness of US National Institute of Health and European Union FP7 Projects on Active Ageing and Elderly Quality of Life-Author's reply.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 23;15:10-14. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Innovation Sciences and Technologies, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The use of bibliometric analysis to assess scientific productivity and impact is particularly relevant for EU funding programs. The objective of the present study is to assess the impact on scientific literature by focusing specifically on the cost-effectiveness of FP7 and NHI projects in the fields of AA and QoL, respectively.

Methods: Twenty projects were randomly selected from the CORDIS database in accordance with the following criteria: funded by the FP7; accepted from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2012; concluded by 31 August 2017;For each project selected, we determined: number of publications in Scopus and Google databases attributable to the project; number of papers published in Q1 quartile of the SCIMAGO rank; number of citations found in Scopus and Scholar Google; amount of funds allocated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407663PMC
January 2019

The Relevance of the Research on the Psychosocial Dimensions of Aging Is Really the Same in Europe and USA?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 23;15:8-9. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407658PMC
January 2019

Tako Tsubo and Treatment of Comorbid Depression: A Reflection is Needed - Author's reply.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 23;15:3-4. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407651PMC
January 2019
1 Read

How Do Depressive Mood or Antidepressants Acutely Increase Serum Catecholamines?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 23;15:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

2 Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407655PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Impact of Pediatric Epilepsy on Children and Families: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:323-333. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background And Objectives: Epilepsy is considered one of the most prevalent causes of morbidity in children. The aim of this study is to determine how epilepsy impacts the lives of children with epilepsy and their families.

Methods: A translated version of the "Impact of Pediatric Epilepsy Scale" (IPES) questionnaire was completed by the 80 mothers of children with epilepsy, recruited at three hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia This is a validated self-administered questionnaire used to assess the impact of epilepsy on the lives of the child and family, as well as the quality of life (QoL) of the child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010323DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407654PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Immigrants Psychopathology: Emerging Phenomena and Adaptation of Mental Health Care Setting by Native Language.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:312-322. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Istituto per le Tecnologie Didattiche, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Palermo, Italy.

Mental health of immigrants is an important social and clinical issue. Immigrants may report higher rates of mental disorders and lower levels of use of mental health service with respect to natives. The aim of the present work is to review recent findings of the psychopathology of immigrants and analyze how to adapt the mental care settings through the use of mother tongues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407656PMC
October 2018
1 Read

The Cognitive Profile of Persons with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:304-311. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Section of Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Introduction: Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is often comorbid with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). But to what extent can obsessional symptoms in individuals with ASD be considered "genuinely" comorbid OCD - or are there other mechanisms that are related to ASD? Which mechanisms in OCD with and without ASD share common features? People with ASD have a cognitive profile characterized by "mindblindness"; the antecedent is often referred to in terms of not knowing how to perform or behave and this is the cause of discomfort. This raises the question whether individuals with ASD and comorbid OCD share the same cognitive elements of responsibility interpretation and the same fear of causing harm as individuals who merely have OCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407650PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Grandparents - Grandchildren Relationship in Iran, 2017.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:296-303. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Iran University of Medical Sciences, Medical Education Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: With the continuing growth of aged populations, it is imperative to find ways to maintain and improve the quality of life in old age. It has been documented that grandparents-grandchildren relationship is significantly contributed to quality of life of older adults. This study was conducted to identify the status and associated factors of grandparents-grandchildren relationship in a sample of Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407660PMC
November 2018

Exploring Physical and Psychosocial Well-Being and Self-Awareness as a New Frontier in Active Aging.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 29;14:294-295. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407659PMC
November 2018

Impact of Cognitive Dysfunction in the Middle East Depressed Patients: The ICMED Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:270-283. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Psychiatric Departments, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Background: Major depressive disorder is a common condition with a high rate of recurrence, chronicity, and affecting economic burden, including disability in the workplace, which leads to negative consequences on both individuals and society.

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the impact of cognitive dysfunction, as declared by the patient, on performing daily tasks/activities among patients with major depression disorder (MDD).

Methods: This investigation is based on multinational cross-sectional survey of 499 workers recruited from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and United Arab Emirates (UAE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407647PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Tinnitus: The Sound of Stress?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:264-269. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Laboratory of Panic & Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Venceslau Bras, 71 CIPE. Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Emotional stress is frequently associated with otologic symptoms as tinnitus and dizziness. Stress can contribute to the beginning or worsening of tinnitus.

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the presence of stress symptoms in patients with chronic, subjective tinnitus, and correlate its presence to annoyance associated with tinnitus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407646PMC
October 2018

Personality Traits in Fibromyalgia (FM): Does FM Personality Exists? A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:263. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology, Critical and Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407648PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Wearable Biomonitoring Platform for the Assessment of Stress and its Impact on Cognitive Performance of Firefighters: An Experimental Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:250-262. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Institute for Systems Engineering and Computers - Technology and Science (INESC TEC), Porto, Portugal.

Background: Stress is a complex process with an impact on health and performance. The use of wearable sensor-based monitoring systems offers interesting opportunities for advanced health care solutions for stress analysis. Considering the stressful nature of firefighting and its importance for the community's safety, this study was conducted for firefighters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407653PMC
October 2018

Psychotropic Medication of Acute Episodes of Mood Disorders: Current Prescription Attitude in Two Psychiatric Wards in Cagliari, Italy.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:236-249. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Section of Neuroscience and Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Medication of acute episodes of mood disorders has changed over the last decades following the results of randomized clinical trials.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze medication prescribed at discharge from two psychiatric wards. We focused on hospitalization as one of the best opportunities to start prophylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407645PMC
October 2018

Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.

Authors:
Antonio E Nardi

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 29;14:233-235. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Institute of Psychiatry - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. National Academy of Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174610PMC
September 2018
15 Reads

Personality Traits in Fibromyalgia (FM): Does FM Personality Exists? A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:223-232. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology, Critical and Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is the second most common rheumatic disease with many effects on patient's quality of life. It has been described as a chronic condition characterized by widespread musculo-skeletal pain, sleep disorders and prominent fatigue. Regarding the role of personality factors in fibromyalgia, researchers have focused both on personality traits and psychopathological aspects showing inconsistent results. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-223
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166394PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

The Association Between Dental Anxiety And Psychiatric Disorders And Symptoms: A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:207-222. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, 90230 Oulu, Finland.

Background: A growing amount of evidence suggests that dental anxiety is associated with other psychiatric disorders and symptoms. A systematic review was conducted to critically evaluate the studies of comorbidity of dental anxiety with other specific phobias and other Axis I psychiatric disorders.

Objective: The aim of the review was to explore how dental anxiety is associated with other psychiatric disorders and to estimate the level of comorbid symptoms in dental anxiety patients. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-207
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142663PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Postpartum Depression Among Mothers Attending Public Health Centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:196-206. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Collage of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Objectives: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a serious public health problem that leads to high maternal morbidity and mortality, enormously affecting the infant, family and society. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with postpartum depression among postpartum mothers attending public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.

Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016-April 2016 among 633 postpartum women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131316PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:188-195. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry (IPUB), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aims to identify the prevalence of burnout and associated factors in Brazilian medical students.

Methods: In the largest medical school from Central Brazil, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and a socio-demographic questionnaire were adopted in this cross-sectional study. Correlations among the three dimensions of burnout were verified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128019PMC
August 2018
21 Reads

The Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adult Psychiatric Inpatients: A Systematic Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 29;14:177-187. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.

Background: Whilst the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in adults within the community setting is well-established, less is known about the prevalence among adults based within a psychiatric inpatient setting.

Objective: To conduct a systematic literature review pertaining to the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among the adult psychiatric inpatient population.

Method: Eligibility criteria included: (a) investigation of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (b) adult psychiatric inpatient study population (c) published in English language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6118035PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Parental Burden and its Correlates in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Multicentre Study with Two Comparison Groups.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:143-176. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Italian Society for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Italy.

Background: The effects of having a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) on parents are multifaceted and pervasive. While ample evidence has been provided that these families are under severe stress, there are still several knowledge gaps and unresolved questions.

Objective: This study aimed at quantifying the subjective and objective burden of ASD in mothers and fathers, and at improving the understanding of the interplay between parental burden, child's characteristics, and parents' coping resources and strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080067PMC
July 2018
13 Reads

Organizational Factors and Burnout of Perioperative Nurses.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:132-142. Epub 2018 May 31.

Deputy Director of Nursing Research and Education, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Knowing the organizational factors that predict burnout in perioperative nurses is paramount for improving the care of patients and promoting nurses' psychosocial well-being and health.

Objective: To determine the influence of organizational factors of the perioperative nurse's work environment on the three burnout dimensions: emotional exhaustion, despersonalization, and personal accomplishment.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 nurses in a perioperative care unit at a university hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997854PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Quick Identification of the Risk of Psychosis: The Italian Version of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 23;14:120-131. Epub 2018 May 23.

Center of Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics, University Hospital, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Diagnosing people during the prodromal phase of an incipient psychosis can improve the chance of better outcome. In busy clinical settings, the ideal tool is a brief, easy-to-complete self-report questionnaire.

Objective: To test the psychometric properties of the Italian version of one of the most used screening tools for the identification of the risk of psychosis, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief (PQ-B). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971201PMC
May 2018
21 Reads

Domestic Violence as a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression Among Ethiopian Women: Facility Based Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 23;14:109-119. Epub 2018 May 23.

College of Health sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Mental illness in women leads to an increased maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum depression accommodates various groups of depressive disorders and syndromes that occur within the first immediate year after delivery. Thus, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms and correlates among mothers attending public health centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971200PMC
May 2018
19 Reads

Comparative Study on Knowledge About Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Paediatric and Psychiatric Nurses in Public Hospitals in Kumasi, Ghana.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:99-108. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Ashanti School for the Deaf, Jamasi, Ghana, West Africa.

Background: Despite the existence of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana, few studies have provided the necessary information on the phenomenon. These studies have mostly focused on speech and language therapy for children and modification of classroom environment for children with autism spectrum disorder. This approach has resulted in a paucity of knowledge on nurse's knowledge of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897989PMC
March 2018
7 Reads

Physical Exercise For Parkinson's Disease: Clinical And Experimental Evidence.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 30;14:89-98. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program - Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil.

Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated.

Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897963PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Remission in Depression and Associated Factors at Different Assessment Times in Primary Care in Chile.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 26;14:78-88. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Neurosciences Institute, Viña del Mar, Chile.

Objective: To determine the factors associated with remission at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months among depressive adult patients in primary care [PHC] in Chile.

Methods: This is a one-year naturalistic study that followed 297 patients admitted for treatment of depression in eight primary care clinics in Chile. Initially, patients were evaluated using: the International Mini-Neuropsychiatric Interview [MINI], a screening for Childhood Trauma Events [CTEs], the Life Experiences Survey and a partner violence scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876920PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

The Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire Simplified for Active Aging (PBE-QAG).

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 26;14:70-77. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Messina, Italy.

Background: The physical activity has been indicated as an experience that can help achieve positive, self-oriented own body awareness. This awareness is an aspect that tends to get worse with age.

Objective: Our study aims to verify the internal consistency of a questionnaire on physical awareness in a sample of Italian elders; a secondary objective is to measure if there is a relationship between physical awareness and perceived level of physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872200PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Colorectal Cancer Screening: The Role of Psychological, Social and Background Factors in Decision-making Process.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:63-69. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Since ColoRectal Cancer (CRC) remains the third cause of cancer death in the world, a better understanding of the reasons underlying poor adherence to and delay in undergoing CRC screening programs is important. CRC screening decision-making process can be conceptualized as the relationship between intention and behavior and needs to be investigated including the impact on patients' decision of a broad range of psychological factors and personal predisposition as fear of a positive screening test, poor understanding of the procedure, psychological distress, anxiety, anticipation of pain, feelings of embarrassment and vulnerability. Also socioeconomic, ethnic and sociological influences, and organizational barriers have been identified as factors influencing CRC screening adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872199PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Design of FRET Probes for SNP RS1006737, Related to Mood Disorder.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:53-62. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Messina, Italy.

Background: Several studies have shown that the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) in the CACAN1C gene, rs1006737, is related to different mood disorder illnesses, such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Current day molecular procedures for allele detection of this gene can be very expensive and time consuming. Hence, a sensitive and specific molecular procedure for detecting these mutations in a large number of subjects is desirable, especially for research groups who have no complex laboratory equipment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838627PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

The Elderly and the City: Lack of Knowledge on Violence Perception and Consequences on Daily Life.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:46-52. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Social Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: Two main demographic phenomena have substantially changed the condition of elderly: the growth of the urban population and the increase in longevity.

Objective: The aim of the present review is to investigate how the elderly living in the cities perceive the sense of insecurity compared to those who reside in rural areas, and their Quality of Life (QoL).

Method: Studies published from January 2011 to August 2017 were identified on Google and PubMed combining the following terms: "elderly urban/rural QoL" or "old age urban/rural QoL". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838642PMC
February 2018
6 Reads

Genetic Variants Involved in Bipolar Disorder, a Rough Road Ahead.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:37-45. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD), along with depression and schizophrenia, is one of the most serious mental illnesses, and one of the top 20 causes of severe impairment in everyday life. Recent molecular studies, using both traditional approaches and new procedures such as Whole-Genome Sequencing (WGS), have suggested that genetic factors could significantly contribute to the development of BD, with heritability estimates of up to 85%. However, it is assumed that BD is a multigenic and multifactorial illness with environmental factors that strongly contribute to disease development/progression, which means that progress in genetic knowledge of BD might be difficult to interpret in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838621PMC
February 2018
8 Reads

Coping with the New Era: Noise and Light Pollution, Hperactivity and Steroid Hormones. Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 28;14:33-36. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

University of California at San Diego USA.

Human population is increasing in immense cities with millions of inhabitants, in which life is expected to run 24 hours a day for seven days a week (24/7). Noise and light pollution are the most reported consequences, with a profound impact on sleep patterns and circadian biorhythms. Disruption of sleep and biorhythms has severe consequences on many metabolic pathways. Read More

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http://benthamopen.com/FULLTEXT/CPEMH-14-33
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838624PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Takotsubo Syndrome is Associated with Mood Disorders and Antidepressants Use, not with Anxiety and Impairment of Quality of Life Due to the Psychiatric Disorder.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 27;14:26-32. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The aim was to study the association between mood and anxiety disorders and the Tako-Tsubo Syndrome (TTS) and to determine the role of antidepressants and the impairment of quality of life due the comorbid psychiatric disorder.

Methods: Case-control study: 19 consecutive patients (17 female) with TTS compared to 76 controls without TTS, were randomly selected from the database of a nationwide epidemiological study after matching (gender, age and residence) by controls. Psychiatric diagnoses were carried out according to the ICD-10 using semi-structured interview tools (ANTAS-SCID) administered by clinical staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838620PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Anxiety Symptoms and Cortical Activity in Patients with Panic Disorder: A Pilot Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:11-25. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: The effects of the aerobic exercise on anxiety symptoms in patients with Panic Disorder (PD) remain unclear. Thus, the investigation of possible changes in EEG frontal asymmetry could contribute to understand the relationship among exercise, brain and anxiety.

Objective: To investigate the acute effects of aerobic exercise on the symptoms of anxiety and the chronic effects of aerobic exercise on severity and symptoms related to PD, besides the changes in EEG frontal asymmetry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5827302PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Physical Activity, Exercise and Sport Programs as Effective Therapeutic Tools in Psychosocial Rehabilitation.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 21;14:6-10. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

People with severe psychosocial disabilities have a 20-years shorter lifespan due to chronic somatic comorbidities and the long-term consequences of the side-effects of antipsychotic drugs. They often are sedentary and show lower levels of physical activity, factors which can contribute to their shorter lifespan, because of the greater cardiovascular risk. An increasing amount of evidence, including clinical trials, pointed out that sport, physical activity and structured exercise programs improve physical and psychological wellbeing of people with psychosocial disabilities, playing also an important role against their social isolation and self-stigma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5827297PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Active Aging and Elderly's Quality of Life: Comparing the Impact on Literature of Projects Funded by the European Union and USA.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018 31;14:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The objective of this research is to verify whether European projects on Active Aging (AA) and Elderly Quality of Life (Qol) funded by the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) produce an impact on literature similar to projects funded by the National Health Institute (NHI) of the United States on international literature using well-known bibliometric indicators. This effort may be useful in developing standardized and replicable procedures.

Methods: Fifteen randomly selected projects on AA and Elderly Qol concluded in August 2017 and funded by FP7 were compared to similar projects funded by the US NHI with reference to papers published (Scopus and Scholar), papers published in Q1 journals, and the number of citations of the papers linked to the projects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901814010001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5814948PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

The Relationship Between Personality and Neurocognition Among the American Elderly: An Epidemiologic Study.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 28;13:233-245. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano - Milano.

Background: Although different personality traits have often been associated with different levels of mental activity and cognitive functioning, no previous studies have evaluated the association in a sample that mirrors a nationally-representative sample of elderly individuals.

Objective: To evaluate the association between personality traits and neurocognitive functioning among individuals 51 years and older using the Cognition and Aging in the USA (CogUSA) database.

Methods: We analyzed the association between personality traits and neurocognitive scores derived from Waves I and II of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725479PMC
November 2017
10 Reads

The Effects of "VelaMente?!" Project on Social Functioning of People With Severe Psychosocial Disabilities.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 24;13:220-232. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: Physical activity helps to improve several clinical outcomes of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. The aims of this study were; 1) to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing in a crew on: a) social functioning; b) severity of the psychosocial disability; c) general functioning; d) dysregulation of biorhythms of people with severe psychosocial disabilities, and 2) to evaluate the attenders' satisfaction about the project.

Methods: A randomized waitlist controlled trial with parallel groups was carried out involving 51 people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725481PMC
November 2017
25 Reads

Relationship Between Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (Bdnf) and Sleep on Depression: A Critical Review.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 21;13:213-219. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (BDNF) is one of the most important neurotrophins in the brain and it is suggested influences the activity of the serotonergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic pathways. In the last few years, it has been hypothesized that BDNF level is related with depression and sleep. Several studies show that depressive subjects present low levels of BDNF in the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725585PMC
November 2017
8 Reads

Affective Changes During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-As Measured by PANAS.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 25;13:115-124. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Section of Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Background: Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT.

Method: A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738644PMC
August 2017
9 Reads

"VelaMente?!" - Sailin in a Crew to Improve Self-Efficacy in People with Psychosocial Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2017 13;13:200-212. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Medical Science and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Introduction: It has been proposed that sailing can improve quality of life, personal and social skills of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing on quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence in people with severe psychosocial disabilities.

Methods: The study was a randomized, with parallel groups, waiting-list controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901713010200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712647PMC
November 2017
17 Reads