1,409 results match your criteria Clinical Neuropsychologist[Journal]


Effects of low visual acuity on neuropsychological test scores: A simulation study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 15:1-18. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Objective: To systematically examine the effect of low visual acuity (LVA) on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests.

Method: In this study, the influence of LVA on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests was examined in 238 healthy older adults (aged 50-80) without visual or neurological impairment. LVA was simulated using simulation glasses. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1596315DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prospective relations between kindergarteners' executive function skills and their externalizing and internalizing behaviors.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 12:1-18. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

a Department of Psychology , University of Victoria , Victoria , British Columbia , Canada.

Objective: Executive function difficulties have been identified as a transdiagnostic mechanism for the development of psychological disorders; however little is known about the relations between executive function and internalizing and externalizing behavior patterns, especially in young children. To address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the reciprocal relations between internalizing and externalizing behaviors and two component processes of executive function, inhibition, and working memory.

Method: Sixty-nine five- and six-year old children were included in the current study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1591510DOI Listing

Detecting malingered pain-related disability with the pain catastrophizing scale: a criterion groups validation study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 8:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

b Department of Human Services , Stephen F. Austin State University , Nacogdoches , TX , USA.

Objective: Intentional exaggeration of symptoms is a potential problem in contexts where there are financial incentives to appear disabled. Therefore, calibration of tools to accurately evaluate malingering in these contexts is important. The present study used a criterion groups validation design to determine the ability of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) to detect Malingered Pain-Related Disability (MPRD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1575470DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Performance validity on the Stroop Color and Word Test in a mixed forensic and patient sample.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 7:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, NorthShore University HealthSystem , Evanston , IL , USA.

Objective: Assessment of performance validity is an essential component of neuropsychological evaluation. Performance validity indicators contained within cognitive ability measures are particularly advantageous, as they do not require additional test administration time or material, and allow for assessment of validity across multiple cognitive domains over the course of an evaluation. The present study examined the classification accuracy of the Stroop Color and Word Test (Stroop) Word, Color, and Color-Word trials in detecting invalid performance in a mixed forensic and patient sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1594385DOI Listing

Norms matter: U.S. normative data under-estimate cognitive deficits in Norwegians with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 8:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Objective: To illustrate and quantify how using different normative systems influences the accuracy of identifying cognitive impairment in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Participants And Methods: A convenience sample of 315 patients between 18 and 38 years of age referred for neuropsychological assessment at a psychiatric inpatient hospital in Bergen, Norway, was included. All completed the Norwegian version of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsy-chological Status (RBANS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1590641DOI Listing

Generalizability of demographically corrected Zambian neuropsychological norms to South African women.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 5:1-18. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

b NRF/DST South African Research Chairs Initiative, PTSD Program, Stellenbosch University , Cape Town , South Africa.

Objective: Demographically corrected norms typically account for the effects of age, education, and in some cases, sex and other factors (e.g. race/ethnicity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1588995DOI Listing

Strategy use and verbal memory in older adults: The role of intellectual functioning and the preferential impact of semantic clustering.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 31:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

b Department of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco , California , USA.

Objective: The relative importance of various mechanisms supporting declarative verbal memory among older adults remains uncertain. The present study examined the impact of strategy use (specifically semantic clustering) versus other variables known to impact memory performance (age, sex, education, FSIQ, processing speed, and executive functioning) on verbal memory functioning among healthy older adults.

Methods: Healthy older adults from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition standardization sample were selected (N = 242). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1590640DOI Listing

Wechsler adult intelligence scale-4th edition digit span performance in subjective cognitive complaints, amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and probable dementia of the Alzheimer type.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 31:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

a Department of Psychiatry , UT Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas , TX , USA.

Objective: The Digit Span (DS) subtest from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-4 Edition (WAIS-IV) was updated to better measure working memory which is potentially clinically relevant as prior unreplicated studies showed that sequencing tasks differentiated normal from neurologic groups. This study examines performance on DS for individuals from a memory disorder clinic diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), probable dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), or those with subjective cognitive complaints (SCC).

Method: Seven hundred and six individuals were drawn from 1256 consecutive referrals who underwent a standard neuropsychological evaluation and obtained a consensus diagnosis from a neuropsychologist and a neurologist of DAT, aMCI, or having SCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1585574DOI Listing
March 2019
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When the brain looks imperfect: An example of neuroplasticity as seen in a patient with arachnoid cysts - a case study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 20:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw , Warsaw , Poland.

Objective: This study presents a case of a teenager (J.J.) prenatally diagnosed with large arachnoid cysts which did not allow parts of his brain to develop correctly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1578898DOI Listing

Why are neuropsychologists so reluctant to embrace modern assessment techniques?

Authors:
Ben Schmand

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 12;33(2):209-219. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Department of Psychology , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.

Objective: Computerized tests and use of the internet offer many opportunities for improvement of neuropsychological assessment over traditional paper-and-pencil tests. Nevertheless, many clinical neuropsychologists are conservative in their choice of tests when assessing patients; the majority still seems to prefer using well-established paper-and-pencil tests.

Method: This deliberately one-sided opinion paper discusses several reasons that may explain the reluctance to embrace modern techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1523468DOI Listing
February 2019

Recovery from stroke: factors affecting prognosis.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) , Tampa , FL , USA.

Objective: Stroke is commonly seen in neuropsychological practice. Individual differences, diffuse damage, and the difficulty inherent in researching stroke create challenges for the clinician trying to synthesize the latest information to educate patients and families on prognosis. The objective of this special issue is to provide an overview of the latest clinical research in stroke - the contributors address assessment and treatment issues that are relevant to practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1578899DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Education and training in clinical neuropsychology: Recent developments and documents from the clinical neuropsychology synarchy.

Authors:
Glenn Smith

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 8:1-19. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Clinical and Health Psychology , University of Florida , Gainesville , FL , USA.

The Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy (CNS) interfaces with the American Psychological Association and affiliated organizations to address issues and advances in specialty training. The past several years have seen the development and dissemination of several initiatives pertinent to specialty training. Among these initiatives was the creation of a taxonomy for education and training in clinical neuropsychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1552437DOI Listing
March 2019
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Demographically adjusted CERAD wordlist test norms in a Norwegian sample from 40 to 80 years.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

c Department of Neurology , Akershus University Hospital , Lørenskog , Norway.

Background/objective: In recent years, several slightly younger cohorts have been established in order to study the preclinical and prodromal phases of dementia. The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) wordlist memory test (WLT) is widely used in dementia research. However, culturally adapted and demographically adjusted test norms for younger ages are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1574902DOI Listing

Evolution of parental knowledge and efficacy across the pediatric neuropsychological evaluation process.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 1:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

a Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology , Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center , Cincinnati , OH , USA.

Objective: The handful of studies examining parent satisfaction after pediatric neuropsychological evaluations have focused on post-evaluation appraisals. By examining parent experiences across the course of their child's evaluation, this study aimed to provide important insights into how and when parents experience changes in knowledge, understanding of care options, and efficacy during evaluation process.

Method: Parents of youth receiving neuropsychological evaluation completed questionnaires at four time points (prior to evaluation [n = 363], day of testing [n = 300], prior to feedback [n = 250], and post-report [n = 99]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1497206DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Neurocognitive profile of a man with Dandy-Walker malformation: evidence of subtle cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 1:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

a Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, College of Public Health and Health Professions , University of Florida , Gainesville , FL , USA.

Background: The Dandy-Walker Malformation (DWM) is a congenital birth malformation that is characterized by a triad of features: cerebellar dysgenesis, cystic dilation of the fourth ventricle, and an enlarged posterior fossa that displaces the dural sinuses and the tentorium. Despite this defining triad, clinical presentation can be highly heterogeneous in part due to severity of structural changes. To date, there been limited consideration of cognitive-behavioral symptoms of DWM in relation to nonmotor functions of the cerebellum, specifically cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome (CCAS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1569724DOI Listing

A multi-study examination of performance validity in undergraduate research participants.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 23:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

b Department of Psychology , University of Southern Alabama , Mobile , AL , United States.

Objective: Performance validity testing is a necessary practice when conducting research with undergraduate students, especially when participants are minimally incentivized to provide adequate effort. However, the failure rate on performance validity measures in undergraduate samples has been debated with studies of different measures and cutoffs reporting results ranging from 2.3 to 55. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1520303DOI Listing
February 2019

When theory met data: factor structure of the BRIEF2 in a clinical sample.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 16:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

a Department of Neuropsychology , Kennedy Krieger Institute , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Objective: The BRIEF2 is the recent revision of a frequently employed measure of executive behaviors; however, no research has yet addressed the validity of the new measure's theoretical design.

Method: The present study examined the factor structure of the BRIEF2 in 5212 clinically referred youth (66% male, 5-18 years) via exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses of item-level responses.

Results: Results from the EFA suggested the BRIEF2 has fewer factors than would be suggested by the nine theoretically derived scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1571634DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

National Institutes of Health initiatives for advancing scientific developments in clinical neuropsychology.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 14;33(2):246-270. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

d Department of Family/Sports Medicine , Oregon Health and Science University , Portland , Oregon , USA.

Objective: The current review briefly addresses the history of neuropsychology as a context for discussion of developmental milestones that have advanced the profession, as well as areas where the progression has lagged. More recently in the digital/information age, utilization and incorporation of emerging technologies has been minimal, which has stagnated ongoing evolution of the practice of neuropsychology despite technology changing many aspects of daily living. These authors advocate for embracing National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiatives, or interchangeably referred to as transformative opportunities, for the behavioral and social sciences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1523465DOI Listing
February 2019
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Introduction to the special issue: Are modern neuropsychological assessment methods really "modern"? Reflections on the current neuropsychological test armamentarium.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 14;33(2):187-199. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

c Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw , Warsaw , Poland.

Objective: We introduce this special issue which focuses on how advances in neuroscience and technology can modernize and transform clinical neuropsychological assessment.

Method: We included both invited and solicited papers to reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of currently used, standardized neuropsychological tests and to explore how we might incorporate new technologies and neuroscientific advances to modernize neuropsychological assessment methods.

Results: The papers are organized along the following themes: (1) A critique of the current clinical neuropsychological test armamentarium; (2) A description of new opportunities for collecting neurobehavioral data with technology; (3) Digital science, biomedical big data and the internet; (4) Integrating neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and neurophysiological assessments; (5) Modernization, globalization and culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1560502DOI Listing
February 2019

Language recovery following stroke.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 30:1-20. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

a Department of Neurology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , AL, USA.

Objective: To review the research literature pertaining to post-stroke language recovery, and to discuss neurocognitive assessment in patients in the context of aphasia, time course of language recovery, factors associated with language recovery, and therapeutic techniques designed to facilitate language recovery.

Method: Articles were identified through PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar searches. Examples of utilized keywords include "post-stroke aphasia," "post-stroke language recovery," "post-stroke neurocognitive assessment," and "neuropsychology and aphasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1562093DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Case report of prenatal bilateral cerebellar infarction: implications for social-behavioral functioning.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 30:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

a Psychology Section, Department of Pediatrics , Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital , Houston , TX, USA.

Objective: Complete prenatal cerebellar infarction is rare and few reports exist documenting developmental outcomes. We report outcome data on a child who sustained a stroke to the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres at 25 weeks gestation, and was subsequently seen for follow-up neuropsychological evaluations at ages 5 years, 5 months and 7 years, 9 months.

Method: Retrospective chart review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1563631DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI) is sensitive to instructed feigning, but not to genuine psychopathology in male forensic inpatients: an initial study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 30:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

b Department of Neurology , Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain , Berlin , Germany.

Objective: The Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI) is a new symptom validity test that, unlike other symptom over-reporting measures, contains both genuine symptom and pseudosymptom scales. We tested whether its pseudosymptom scale is sensitive to genuine psychopathology and evaluated its discriminant validity in an instructed feigning experiment that relied on carefully selected forensic inpatients (n = 40).

Method: We administered the SRSI twice: we instructed patients to respond honestly to the SRSI (T1) and then to exaggerate their symptoms in a convincing way (T2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1559359DOI Listing
January 2019

The neuropsychological aspects of performance-based Internet navigation skills: A brief review of an emerging literature.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 24;33(2):305-326. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Department of Psychology , University of Houston , Houston , TX , USA.

Objective: Over the last 20 years, the Internet has become a fundamental means by which many people with neurocognitive disorders manage their activities of daily living (e.g. shopping) and engage in health behaviors (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1503332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428423PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Executive functioning as a predictor of stroke rehabilitation outcomes.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 24:1-19. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

c Departments of Psychology and Medicine , University of Colorado Denver , Denver , CO , USA.

Objective: Stroke is a common cause of death and adult chronic neurologic disability. Although factors such as cardiovascular disease affect the incidence of stroke, less is known about factors influencing longitudinal stroke outcomes. The purpose of this research was to assess the contribution of executive functioning (EF) at discharge to the prediction of functional status at several timepoints between discharge from a stroke rehabilitation unit and 12 months, in comparison with depression, mental status, comorbidity, and pain at discharge, and daily functioning prior to admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1546905DOI Listing
January 2019

Going beyond the mean: Intraindividual variability of cognitive performance in prodromal and early neurodegenerative disorders.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 21;33(2):369-389. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

b Department of Neurology , RWTH Aachen University , Aachen , Germany.

Objective: Intraindividual variability (IIV), generally defined as short-term variations in behavior, has been proposed as a sign of subtle early impairment in neurodegenerative disorders, presumably associated with the disintegration of neuronal network connectivity. We aim to provide a review of IIV as a sensitive cognitive marker in prodromal neurodegenerative disorders.

Method: A narrative review focusing not only on theoretical and methodological definitions, including an overview on the neural correlates of IIV, but mainly on results from population-based and clinical-based studies on the role of IIV as a reliable predictor of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and conversion to dementia in neurodegenerative disorders, mostly Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1533587DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Modern neuropsychological tests for a diversity of cultural contexts.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 21;33(2):438-445. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a Universidad Católica de Córdoba - Cortex Foundation-Universidad Nacional de Córdoba , Córdoba , Argentina.

Objective: The appropriateness of the current neuropsychological tests for the assessment of different populations has been questioned. In this issue several articles have proposed the modernization of neuropsychological testing by incorporating modern technological devices such as computers, mobile phones, or tablets. This is a commentary on the articles contained in the special issue about the inclusion of modern assessment methods that can be properly used around the world and not only in technologically/economically advanced countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1560501DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Event-related potentials in the odd-ball paradigm and behavioral scales for the assessment of children and adolescents with disorders of consciousness: A proof of concept study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 18;33(2):419-437. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

a Faculty of Physics , University of Warsaw , Warsaw , Poland.

Objective: Quantification of signatures of conscious processing in children with disorders of consciousness (DoC) using odd-ball paradigms in multiple modalities.

Method: We review the diagnostic approaches available in the field, from clinical scales to neuroimaging methods, and concentrate upon measures derived from electroencephalographic event related potentials.

Results: Evoked potentials were recorded in five procedures, encompassing visual, auditory and tactile modalities, from ten pediatric DoC patients-six in a minimally conscious state (MCS), three in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and one who emerged from MCS (eMCS)-and the control group of 10 healthy children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1555282DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Neuropsychological and resting-state electroencephalographic markers of older adult neurocognitive adaptability.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 16;33(2):390-418. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

d Psychology Department , Brock University , St. Catharines , Canada.

Objective: This study was undertaken to explore multimethod neurocognitive screening tools to aid in detection of older adults who may be at heightened risk of pathological cognitive decline (preclinical dementia). In so doing, this study advances the theoretical conceptualization of neurocognitive adaptability in the context of aging and dementia.

Method: This article reports original data from the baseline measurement occasion of a longitudinal study of healthy, community-dwelling older adults from the Victoria, British Columbia region. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1543453DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

A tale of two stories: validity of an alternative story memory test in a sample of older adults.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 12:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Clinical and Health Psychology , University of Florida , Gainesville , FL , USA.

Objective: Many patients require repeat neuropsychological evaluations to determine change over time. Repeat evaluations lead to practice effects, which can impact the validity of the assessment. The current study assessed, in older adults, the validity of an alternative set of verbal memory stories created by Newcomer and colleagues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1538428DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Canadian longitudinal study on aging as a platform for exploring cognition in an aging population.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 13:1-30. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

h Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, Faculty of Health Sciences , McMaster Institute for Research on Aging & Labarge Centre for Mobility in Aging, McMaster University , Hamilton , Ontario , Canada.

Objective: We present descriptive information on the cognitive measures used in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) Comprehensive Cohort, relate this to information on these measures in the extant literature, and identify key considerations for their use in research and clinical practice.

Method: The CLSA Comprehensive Cohort is composed of 30,097 participants aged 45-85 years at baseline who provided a broad range of sociodemographic, physical, social, and psychological health information via questionnaire and took part in detailed physical and cognitive assessments. Cognitive measures included: the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test - immediate and 5-min delayed recall, Animal Fluency, Mental Alternation Test (MAT), Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), Stroop Test - Victoria Version, Miami Prospective Memory Test (MPMT), and a Choice Reaction Time (CRT) task. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1551575DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads
1.583 Impact Factor

Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test performance validity indices in a VA Polytrauma sample.

Authors:
Lee Ashendorf

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 12:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , MA , USA.

Objective: Performance validity assessment is a crucial component of any neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in settings where potential exaggeration of complaints and deficits is heightened. Standalone performance validity measures can be time-consuming, so many investigations have explored embedded indices within existing measures. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF) each have a number of available embedded performance validity tests (PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1543454DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A systematic review of sex differences in concussion outcome: what do we know?

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 8:1-28. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

a VA San Diego Healthcare System , San Diego , CA , USA.

Objective: The purpose of this review was to examine sex differences in concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) outcome, updating previous critical reviews of the literature.

Method: Within adult human studies, we reviewed a wide range of concussion outcome variables: prevalence of concussion, injury characteristics, postconcussion symptom trajectories and psychiatric distress, neuropsychological performance, and neuroimaging findings. Sports-related concussion, civilian, and military samples were included in the review. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1508616DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Digital neuropsychology: Challenges and opportunities at the intersection of science and software.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 6;33(2):271-286. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

e Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine , Washington State University , Spokane , WA , USA.

Objective: Digital devices are now broadly accessible and have the capacity to measure aspects of human behavior with high precision and accuracy, in a standardized manner. The purpose of this article is to characterize opportunities and barriers for modern digital neuropsychology, particularly those that are unique to digital assessment.

Methods: We provide a critical overview of the state-of-the-art in digital neuropsychology, focusing on personal digital devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1535662DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Current limitations of neuropsychological tests and assessment procedures.

Authors:
Diane Howieson

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4;33(2):200-208. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

a Department of Neurology , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

Objective: Neuropsychological tests are used for a wide variety of purposes: assessing basic cognitive abilities or disabilities; determining cognitive patterns associated with brain disorders or injury; exploring brain-behavior relationships; and, in some cases, addressing psycho-legal issues. This paper will focus on the limitations of current neuropsychological tests for these purposes.

Method: Current limits of neuropsychological tests and assessment procedures are reviewed and recommendations for improvements are made. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1552762DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Specificity rates for non-clinical, bilingual, Mexican Americans with California Verbal Learning Test3, verbal fluency, and Rey 15-IR performance validity measures.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

a Department of Psychological Science , University of Texas Rio Grande Valley , Edinburg , TX , USA.

Objective: To measure failure rates among non-clinical, Mexican American, bilinguals on embedded performance validity measures from the California Verbal Learning Test3 and verbal fluency and the stand-alone Rey 15-item test plus recognition (Rey 15-IR) using valid/invalid performance cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers.

Method: Participants were 60 consecutive recruits, aged between 18 and 75 years, with ≤16 years of education who self-identified as bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests.

Results: The only performance validity measure studied with a higher failure rate (19%) than that for monolingual, English-speakers (9%) was semantic fluency administered in Spanish. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1530374DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Visual-spatial processing style is associated with psychopathology in adolescents with critical congenital heart disease.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 26:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

a Department of Psychiatry , Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.

Objective: To determine whether visual-spatial processing style is associated with psychopathology in a large sample of adolescents with critical congenital heart disease (CHD). Local (part-oriented) style was hypothesized to increase risk for internalizing (but not externalizing) forms of psychopathology.

Method: Participants included 278 adolescents with critical CHD (dextro-transposition of the great arteries = 134, tetralogy of Fallot = 58, single-ventricle cardiac anatomy requiring the Fontan procedure = 86). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1503333DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

President's Annual State of the Academy Report.

Authors:
Chris Morrison

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 20;33(1):1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

a Department of Neurology , NYU Langone Medical Center , New York , NY , USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1546409DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The patient-psychologist relationship and informed consent in neuropsychological evaluations.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 14:1-28. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Independent Practice , Beaverton , OR , USA.

Objective: To discuss specific issues regarding consent for neuropsychological evaluation and the patient-psychologist relationship within the context of the Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association and relevant literature.

Method: The author makes recommendations based on the Ethics Code and published sources. This article is advisory and does not prescribe ethical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1529816DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Novel ImPACT validity indices in collegiate student-athletes with and without histories of ADHD or academic difficulties.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , Kent State University , Kent , OH , USA.

Objective: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) assesses neurocognitive functioning in sports-related concussion. Previous work demonstrates ImPACT's validity indices detect poor effort at disproportionately higher rates in athletes with histories of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or academic difficulties. The present study examines whether previously suggested 'dormant' validity indices, Word Memory Correct Distractors (WMCD), and Design Memory Correct Distractors (DMCD), reduce disproportionate invalidity in collegiate athletes with such histories. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1539191DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Big data and biomedical informatics: Preparing for the modernization of clinical neuropsychology.

Authors:
Justin B Miller

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4;33(2):287-304. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health , Las Vegas , Nevada , USA.

Objective: Neuropsychology is poised for a fundamental shift as we modernize the ways in which behavior is measured. The amount and complexity of data generated by these new methods will be several orders of magnitude greater than what is currently created by analog measures and will quickly adopt characteristics of "Big Data." Adequate preparation for managing the influx of data will be critical for technology integration and modernization to be successful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1523466DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

A comparison of WISC-IV and WISC-V verbal comprehension index scores for children with autism spectrum disorder.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 4:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

b Education Department , Manhattan College , Riverdale , NY , USA.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore changes in verbal comprehension subtest and index scores from Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, fourth edition (WISC)-IV to WISC-V for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as the test revision dropped the subtest that has proven to be most challenging for those with ASD (i.e. Comprehension). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1503721DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Cognitive impairment does not cause invalid performance: analyzing performance patterns among cognitively unimpaired, impaired, and noncredible participants across six performance validity tests.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 26:1-19. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

a Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , TX , USA.

Objective: Performance validity tests (PVTs) are essential in neuropsychological evaluations; however, it has been questioned how PVTs function in the context of cognitive impairment, and whether cognitive impairment alone is sufficient to cause PVT failure. Further, there is concern that some clinicians will disregard failed PVTs due to their perception that failures represent false-positive errors secondary to cognitive impairment. This study examined patterns associated with cognitively impaired versus noncredible performance across a battery of PVTs and neuropsychological tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1508615DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Integration of neuropsychology services in a sickle cell clinic and subsequent healthcare use for pain crises.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 24:1-17. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

e Department of Medicine , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , IL , USA.

Objective: Growing literature has documented the clinical utility of neuropsychological evaluations for predicting functional outcomes, including reduced healthcare service utilization, in a variety of clinical samples. The present study investigates the relationship between the integration of clinical neuropsychology services into an existing outpatient sickle cell clinic and frequency of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations for pain crises.

Method: Participants included 144 adults diagnosed with sickle cell disease (SCD) who either underwent neuropsychological evaluation (NP+), including interview, neuropsychological testing, and feedback, or treatment as usual (NP-). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1535664DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

A meta-analysis of the accuracy of embedded performance validity indicators from the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 24:1-25. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

b Department of History , The University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler , Texas , USA.

Objective: Meta-analyze the embedded performance validity tests of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), emphasizing two topics: diagnostic accuracy and relationships with demographics.

Method: Literature was identified through a review of PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Bivariate linear mixed models were used for diagnostic accuracy analyses. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1538429DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Neuropsychological outcome following thalamic stroke in adolescence: an identical twin comparison.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 24:1-23. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

c St. Christopher's Hospital for Children , Philadelphia , PA, USA.

Objective: Medial thalamic stroke in adults commonly results in severe learning and memory impairments and executive dysfunction, particularly during the acute phase. However, there is limited research on the cognitive recovery from thalamic stroke in physically healthy adolescents. This study aimed to fill this gap in the literature by utilizing a monozygotic twin control to investigate the neuropsychological outcomes of bilateral thalamic stroke in adolescence. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1533997DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Atypical non-progressive semantic impairment following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a patient with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia: a case report.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 23:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

a Clinical Neuropsychology, Cognitive Disorders and Dyslexia Unit, Department of Neurology , Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova-IRCCS , Reggio Emilia , Italy.

Objective: A case report of a 74-year-old male presenting with an atypical multimodal semantic impairment. The patient was diagnosed with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) for which he received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) due to disease progression. Following BMT, he developed a sudden onset of semantic difficulties that have remained unchanged for eight years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1499966DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Neuropsychological Evaluation of Somatoform and Other Functional Somatic Conditions.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 22:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

a VA Puget Sound Healthcare System - American Lake Division , Tacoma , WA , USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1510035DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

A review of Military Psychology: Clinical and Operational Applications.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 20:1-2. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

a Fort Leavenworth , Munson Army Health Center , KS.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1529815DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Discriminative capacity and construct validity of the Clock Drawing Test in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 13:1-17. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Neurology Department , Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric and diagnostic properties of the Clock Drawing Test (CDT), scored according to the Babins, Rouleau, and Cahn scoring systems, for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) screening, and develop corresponding cutoff scores. Additionally, we assessed the construct validity of the CDT through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.

Methods: We developed a cross-sectional study of ambulatory MCI and AD patients, divided in two clinical groups (450 MCI and 250 mild AD patients) and a normal control group (N = 400). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1532022DOI Listing
November 2018
27 Reads