51 results match your criteria Clinical Medicine Insights: Women's Health [Journal]


The Prevalence of Hypovitaminosis D and Its Associated Risk Factors Among Women of Reproductive Age in Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Authors:
Riyadh A Alzaheb

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2018 3;11:1179562X18767884. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Vitamin D deficiency is currently a worldwide epidemic. Middle Eastern countries, including Saudi Arabia, have high vitamin D deficiency prevalence, most prominently among women, despite their plentiful year-round sunshine. Previous research investigating vitamin D status among Saudi women of reproductive age (15-49 years) is scarce, and no study has used a nationally representative sample, so this review quantified overall hypovitaminosis D prevalence among women in Saudi Arabia and explored the associated risk factors. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1179562X18767884
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X18767884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5896848PMC
April 2018
15 Reads

PAUSE: A Patient-Centric Tool to Support Patient-Provider Engagement on Menopause.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2018 13;11:1179562X18757467. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh and Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

There are powerful demographic, political, and environmental trends shaping women's health. Increases in life expectancy, literacy, and empowerment are fueling expansions in education and advocacy. Research and development focuses on women's health and fertility across an expanded age spectrum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X18757467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813851PMC
February 2018
19 Reads

Visible-Near Infrared Spectroscopic Assessment of Urogenital Tissue in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2018 8;11:1179562X17749608. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

Institute for Biodiagnostics, National Research Council of Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Background: A clinical study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using visible and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a potential noninvasive measure of genital skin health in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Methods: A total of 45 female subjects (aged 21-70 years), all of whom gave fully informed consent to participate, were enrolled in the study and assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 15 premenopausal (Pre-M), 15 postmenopausal receiving hormone replacement therapy (Post-M HRT), and 15 postmenopausal receiving no form of hormone replacement therapy (Post-M non-HRT). Spectral measurements were taken at the vaginal mucosa, and spectral data were evaluated for the erythema index (EI), hemoglobin index (HI), bilirubin/β-carotene, and melanin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X17749608DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5761901PMC
January 2018
16 Reads

The Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia and its Associated Risk Factors Among a Sample of Female University Students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2017 1;10:1179562X17745088. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X17745088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5714083PMC
December 2017
20 Reads

Health Disparities in Women.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2017 29;10:1179562X17709546. Epub 2017 May 29.

School of Kinesiology and Center for Human Growth and Development, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

is an international, open-access, peer-reviewed journal which considers manuscripts on all aspects of the diagnosis, management, and prevention of disorders specific to women, in addition to related genetic, pathophysiological, and epidemiological topics. aims to provide researchers working in this complex, quickly developing field with online, open access to highly relevant scholarly articles by leading international researchers. In a field where the literature is ever-expanding, researchers increasingly need access to up-to-date, high-quality scholarly articles on areas of specific contemporary interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X17709546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5450851PMC
May 2017
32 Reads

Prevalence and Predictors of Hypovitaminosis D Among Female University Students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2017 6;10:1179562X17702391. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Background: A high hypovitaminosis D prevalence has repeatedly been reported in Middle Eastern countries. Previous data regarding the vitamin D status of young women in Saudi Arabia and the related hypovitaminosis D risk factors are scarce, so this research assessed hypovitaminosis D prevalence and its risk factors among apparently healthy female university students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This cross-sectional research used a convenience sample of healthy female students (n = 180) aged between 19 and 25 years in May 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X17702391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5428152PMC
April 2017
19 Reads

Adaptation of Maternal-Fetal Physiology to Exercise in Pregnancy: The Basis of Guidelines for Physical Activity in Pregnancy.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2017 23;10:1179562X17693224. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Foundational Sciences and Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Only 50 years ago obstetric care providers and women had many concerns regarding whether exercise during pregnancy created a harmful competition for substrate resources between the fetus and the mother. Animal and human research in the past 50 years, which includes acute and chronic aerobic exercise during pregnancy, has a reassuring margin of safety throughout gestation in women. Maternal physiology adapts to pregnancy changes involving the cardiorespiratory and glucometabolic alterations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179562X17693224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5428160PMC
February 2017
28 Reads

Progesterone for Luteal Phase Support in In Vitro Fertilization: Comparison of Vaginal and Rectal Pessaries to Vaginal Capsules: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 5;9:43-47. Epub 2017 Jan 5.

Professor, Head of Department, ART Center Aziza Othmana Hospital, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Université Tunis Manar, Tunisia.

Background: In IVF, Luteal phase support is usually performed using vaginal progesterone. A part of patients using this route reports being uncomfortable with this route. We tried to study whether the rectal route could be an effective alternative and associated with less discomfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S32156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5217976PMC
January 2017
39 Reads

Ethnic Identity Attachment and Motivation for Weight Loss and Exercise Among Rural, Overweight, African-American Women.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 17;9(Suppl 1):95-101. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Undergraduate Student, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA.

Rural and minority women are disproportionately impacted by the obesity epidemic; however, little research has studied the intersection of these disparity groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of racial identity on motivation for weight loss and exercise among rural, African-American women with an obesity-linked chronic disease. A total of 154 African-American women were recruited from the patient population of a Federally Qualified Health Center in the rural South to complete a questionnaire battery including the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure and separate assessments of motivation for weight loss and exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5115611PMC
November 2016
20 Reads

Identifying Contextual and Emotional Factors to Explore Weight Disparities between Obese Black and White Women.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 31;9(Suppl 1):85-93. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Research Scientist, Indiana University Center for Aging Research; Investigator, Regenstrief Institute, Inc.; Associate Professor, Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Obese black women enrolled in weight loss interventions experience 50% less weight reduction than obese white women. This suggests that current weight loss strategies may increase health disparities.

Objective: We evaluated the feasibility of identifying daily contextual factors that may influence obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34687DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5098532PMC
October 2016
14 Reads

The Influence of Prenatal Exercise on Offspring Health: A Review.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 17;9:37-42. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

Assistant Professor, Foundational Sciences and Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Research has continued to demonstrate that exercise during pregnancy is safe. Growing evidence supports that exercise during pregnancy is beneficial for mother and fetus during gestation, with benefits persisting for the child into adulthood. Regardless of income or socioeconomic status, exercise during pregnancy is associated with increased incidence of full-term delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5075987PMC
October 2016
25 Reads

Effects of a 12-Month Pedometer-Based Walking Intervention in Women of Low Socioeconomic Status.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 6;9(Suppl 1):75-84. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Professor, Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.; Florida State University Institute for Longevity, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

This study examined the effects of a 12-month walking intervention in overweight/obese, low socioeconomic women. Forty-six women (48.2 ± 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S39636DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5054940PMC
October 2016
18 Reads

Correction to "Barriers to Obtaining Sera and Tissue Specimens of African-American Women for the Advancement of Cancer Research".

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 13;9:35. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

Cancer Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Section of Hematology/Oncology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4137/CMWH.S34698. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5022798PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S40655DOI Listing
September 2016
20 Reads

Patient Navigators: Agents of Creating Community-Nested Patient-Centered Medical Homes for Cancer Care.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 25;9:27-33. Epub 2016 Aug 25.

Professor, Department of Medicine, Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Patient navigation is an internationally utilized, culturally grounded, and multifaceted strategy to optimize patients' interface with the health-care team and system. The DuPage County Patient Navigation Collaborative (DPNC) is a campus-community partnership designed to improve access to care among uninsured breast and cervical cancer patients in DuPage County, IL. Importantly, the DPNC connects community-based social service delivery with the patient-centered medical home to achieve a community-nested patient-centered medical home model for cancer care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S39136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5001622PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

A Public Health Priority: Disparities in Gynecologic Cancer Research for African-Born Women in the United States.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 27;9:21-6. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.; Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

African-born immigrants comprise one of the fastest growing populations in the U.S., nearly doubling its population size in recent years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S39867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4965016PMC
August 2016
9 Reads

Health Disparity among Latina Women: Comparison with Non-Latina Women.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 20;9(Suppl 1):71-4. Epub 2016 Jul 20.

Georgia College & State University, Milledgeville, GA, USA.

Analyzing the Latino community and focusing on the women that make up this fast-growing demographic create a better understanding of the needs and considerations for health-care professionals and social policies. It is important that national health and health-care data on the Latino ethnic group be presented by gender in order to determine areas specific to women. This review focuses on the existing health and health-care data of Latino women (Latinas). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S38488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4955974PMC
August 2016
5 Reads

Visual Representation of Body Shape in African-American and European American Women: Clinical Considerations.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 20;9(Suppl 1):63-70. Epub 2016 Jul 20.

Nutrition Obesity Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.; Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.; Center for Exercise Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) has been used widely among clinicians to assess obesity in their patients due to its ease and availability. However, BMI has some diagnostic limitations and other measures related to health risks; in particular, body shape may be of greater relevance to health outcomes.

Objective: The objective of this study was to illustrate the importance of body shape assessments above and beyond BMI and its relationship to health risk among a sample of African-American and European American women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S37587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4955976PMC
August 2016
13 Reads

Barriers to Obtaining Sera and Tissue Specimens of African-American Women for the Advancement of Cancer Research.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 14;9(Suppl 1):57-61. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Cancer Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Section of Hematology/Oncology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

African-American women, a historically understudied and underserved group, have increased risk for triple-negative breast cancer and obesity-associated disease. Obesity-associated metabolic diseases share a common link of low grade chronic inflammation, but not all obese women have metabolic disturbances or are inflamed. One goal of our ongoing research is to identify blood biomarkers that can predict increased risk of breast cancer in women who have obesity or metabolic dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4946585PMC
July 2016
10 Reads

Psychosocial Variables Related to Why Women are Less Active than Men and Related Health Implications.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 4;9(Suppl 1):47-56. Epub 2016 Jul 4.

Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University, Morrison Bruce Center, Harrisonburg, VA, USA.

This article reviews psychosocial influences on women's participation in physical activity as they differ from men and how associated activity differences impact women's risk for a number of chronic diseases. This topic directly aligns with the mission of this special edition related to disparities in women's health as the typically lower level of physical activity in females directly impacts their health. On average, females participate in physical activity at lower rates than their male counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4933535PMC
July 2016
15 Reads

The Diabetic Health of African American Grandmothers Raising their Grandchildren.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 28;9(Suppl 1):41-6. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

PhD Candidate, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the health of primary caregiving African American grandmothers with diabetes with African American women with diabetes who were not primary caregivers.

Design: Using a comparative, descriptive, cross-sectional design, 34 African American primary caregiving grandmothers were compared with 34 non-caregiving women with diabetes mellitus; women aged 55-75 years were recruited for this study throughout the central Arkansas.

Methods: To measure the overall health, data on blood pressure, body mass index measurements, HbA1c levels, total cholesterol, and urine protein and creatinine levels were collected from all the participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34694DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4927041PMC
July 2016
9 Reads

Psychosocial Clusters and their Associations with Well-Being and Health: An Empirical Strategy for Identifying Psychosocial Predictors Most Relevant to Racially/Ethnically Diverse Women's Health.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 6;9(Suppl 1):31-40. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Strategies for identifying the most relevant psychosocial predictors in studies of racial/ethnic minority women's health are limited because they largely exclude cultural influences and they assume that psychosocial predictors are independent. This paper proposes and tests an empirical solution.

Methods: Hierarchical cluster analysis, conducted with data from 140,652 Women's Health Initiative participants, identified clusters among individual psychosocial predictors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4896535PMC
June 2016
16 Reads

Body Composition, Fitness Status, and Health Behaviors Upon Entering College: An Examination of Female College Students From Diverse Populations.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 1;9(Suppl 1):23-9. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Department of Exercise Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Although poor health-related behaviors that impact development of chronic diseases begin much earlier than when actual disease is evident, few studies have examined health behaviors in college students, who may be at an important transitional period where early intervention could prevent development of chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine health-related factors in female college students (N = 61) by race/ethnicity and weight status. We found significant differences in health profiles between non-Hispanic White (White) and African American students, including greater physical fitness and healthier diets among White students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4892202PMC
June 2016
7 Reads

Activity in Pregnancy for Patients with a History of Preterm Birth.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 19;9(Suppl 1):17-21. Epub 2016 May 19.

Associate Professor, Foundational Sciences and Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Preterm birth remains a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Numerous risk factors for preterm birth have been identified, including non-Hispanic black race, a variety of social and behavioral factors, infections, and history of a prior preterm delivery. Of these, a history of prior spontaneous preterm birth is one of the strongest risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4874745PMC
May 2016
10 Reads

Obstetric, Sociodemographic, and Psychosocial Problems of Postpartum Adolescents of Huambo, Angola.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 19;9:13-9. Epub 2016 May 19.

Fernandes Figueira Institute (IFF)-FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This study aims to establish a profile of teenage pregnancy (<20 years) at a hospital in Huambo, Angola. Subjects were categorized into two age groups, 10-16 and 17-19 years. We interviewed 381 mothers in the postpartum maternity ward of the Central Hospital of Huambo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S27161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4874740PMC
May 2016
9 Reads

Health Promotion and Health Behaviors of Diverse Ethnic/Racial Women Cosmetologists: A Review.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 12;9(Suppl 1):9-16. Epub 2016 May 12.

Professor, Dean Emeritus, and Director, Center on Better Health and Life for Underserved Populations, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Women from diverse ethnic/racial backgrounds have higher chronic disease mortality rates when compared to White non-Hispanic women. Community-based programs, such as beauty salons, have been used to reach diverse ethnic/racial women, yet little is known about diverse ethnic/racial women cosmetologists' involvement in health promotion and their health behaviors, which is the purpose of this review. The growing beauty salon health promotion literature indicates that their roles in these studies have been varied, not only as health promoters but also as recruiters, facilitators, and in general major catalysts for investigator-initiated studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34688DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4869603PMC
May 2016
5 Reads

Shaping the Conversation: A Secondary Analysis of Reproductive Decision-Making Among Black Mothers with HIV.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 2;9(Suppl 1):1-8. Epub 2016 May 2.

Independent Health Consultant, Y. Wesley Consulting LLC, Rahway, NJ, USA.

The purpose of this qualitative secondary data analysis is to examine the major influencers on mothers with HIV in their childbearing decisions, as well as how those influencers shape conversations with clinicians and health-care providers regarding HIV treatment and prevention. The original study gained insight into the reproductive decision-making of mothers with HIV. By analyzing a subsample of 15 interviews from an original cohort of 25 participants in the earlier study, three major themes were identified as follows: (1) family members, not health-care providers, influence reproductive decisions; (2) negative attitudes toward subsequent pregnancies are mainly due to HIV transmission; and (3) birth control decisions were predominately supported by family members, while health-care providers were not consulted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S34671DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4854307PMC
May 2016
4 Reads

Radical Surgery for Endometriosis: Analysis of Quality of Life and Surgical Procedure.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 7;9:7-11. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Endometriosis Unit, Gynaecology Service, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: The main aim of this study is to determine the improvement in quality of life in patients who have undergone radical surgery because of severe endometriosis.

Patients And Methods: This nonrandomized interventional study (quasi experimental) was carried out between January 2009 and September 2014. A total of 46 patients with diagnosis of severe endometriosis were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S38170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4782966PMC
March 2016
24 Reads

Secondary Advanced Abdominal Pregnancy after Suspected Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy with Good Maternal Outcome: A Case with Unusual Gangrenous Fetal Toes and Ultrasound Diagnoses Managed by Hysterectomy.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2016 4;9:1-5. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.

Incidence of abdominal pregnancy is accounting for 1.4% of all ectopic pregnancies. This is a rare case report of a 35-year-old multigravida who was presented to our hospital at 24 weeks of gestation with advanced live intraabdominal pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S36311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4743745PMC
February 2016
8 Reads

Impact of Advertising on Tampon Wear-time Practices.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 29;8:29-38. Epub 2015 Nov 29.

Quantitative and Clinical Sciences, The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Objectives: (1) To determine whether advertising nighttime tampon use for up to eight hours was understood to be consistent with label recommendations and (2) to determine whether television and print advertising with this message affected tampon wear times in adults and teens.

Methods: (1) A comprehension study (online advertising and follow-up questionnaire) among women aged 14-49 years (300 per group) who viewed either the test or a control advertising message; (2) Diary-based surveys of tampon wear times performed prior to (n = 292 adults, 18-49 years, 74 teens, 12-17 years) and after (n = 287 adults, 104 teens) the launch of national advertising.

Results: Significantly more test message viewers than controls stated tampons should be worn less than or equal to eight hours (93. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S25123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664207PMC
December 2015
15 Reads

Prediction of Fetal Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Diabetic Pregnancies Compared with Postnatal Outcome.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 1;8:39-43. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Ministry of Health Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the accuracy of prenatal assessment of interventricular septum (IVS) thickness, right myocardial wall thickness (RMWT), and left myocardial wall thickness (LMWT) by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound for the prediction of perinatal mortality and postnatal diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) among diabetic pregnant women.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 120 diabetic pregnant women at 35 weeks or more were enrolled in this study from January 1, 2012, to June 30, 2014, at Ain Shams Maternity Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. The 2D ultrasound was done once for all the participants at the time of recruitment; IVS thickness, RMWT, and LMWT were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S32825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4667560PMC
December 2015
6 Reads

Predictive Risk Factors in the Treatment of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 14;8:25-8. Epub 2015 Oct 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara Mevki Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This study aims to investigate predictive risk factors in the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Patients And Methods: A total of 256 pregnant women who underwent 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) during 24-28 weeks of pregnancy were included according to the World Health Organization criteria. Demographic characteristics of the patients, including age, parity, family history of diabetes, body weight before pregnancy, and body weight at the diagnosis of GDM, were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S31564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4607073PMC
October 2015
13 Reads

"Now I Can Do Better": A Study of Obese Women's Experiences Following a Nonprescriptive Nutritional Intervention.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 13;8:13-24. Epub 2015 Sep 13.

Faculty of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The present study analyzed obese women's experiences following a nonprescriptive nutritional intervention, implemented through a 1-year program based on the Health at Every Size(®) philosophy. We employed an action research method and conducted three focus groups during the intervention. We identified five interpretative axes across the focus groups, as follows: conflicts and perceptions; gaining motivation, perspective, and positioning; becoming autonomous eaters; acquiring tools; and the meetings between the nutritional therapist and participant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S23163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4573064PMC
September 2015
9 Reads

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients, and Practice of the Arrest of Breast Cancer in Outpatient Consultations in Mastology at the General Hospital of Huambo, Angola.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 25;8:7-12. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola.

This work aims to understand the knowledge and perceptions of women aged over 40 years with breast cancer seen in mastology outpatients at the Maternity Hospital of Huambo, central Angola, from February to August 2010. It also examines the clinical practice of prevention and detection of breast cancer. The research consisted of a collection of descriptive, cross-sectional data through a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S21320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4555980PMC
September 2015
12 Reads

Do premenopausal hypothyroid women on levothyroxine therapy need bone status monitoring?

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2015 15;8:1-6. Epub 2015 Mar 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India.

Background: Suppressive doses of levothyroxine therapy are reported to reduce bone mineral density (BMD) in women. Data on bone changes in premenopausal hypothyroid women with replacement therapy are limited. Hence, this study was undertaken to evaluate bone changes in this group using bone markers and BMD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S22114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4362625PMC
April 2015
5 Reads

Clinical Assessment of Tribulus terrestris Extract in the Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 22;7:45-50. Epub 2014 Dec 22.

Department of Clinical Immunology-Instituto de Pós-Graduação Médica Carlos Chagas (IPGMCC) Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. ; Department of Clinical Genetics-UFRJ Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil.

This is a qualitative-quantitative study based on hospital records of female patients of reproductive age, presenting sexual dysfunction, and treated with 250 mg Tribulus terrestris extract (1 tablet thrice daily for 90 days). Safety monitoring included vital signs, physical examination, laboratory tests, and occurrence of adverse events. Efficacy analysis included results of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels together with total and free testosterone, and the patient and physician assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S17853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4275110PMC
January 2015
5 Reads

Creation and Validation of the Self-esteem/Self-image Female Sexuality (SESIFS) Questionnaire.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 14;7:37-43. Epub 2014 Dec 14.

Gynecology Department, Federal University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Self-esteem and self-image are psychological aspects that affect sexual function.

Aims: To validate a new measurement tool that correlates the concepts of self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality.

Methods: A 20-question test (the self-esteem/self-image female sexuality [SESIFS] questionnaire) was created and tested on 208 women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S19182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4266193PMC
January 2015
5 Reads

Women Living with HIV in Rural Areas. Implementing a Response using the HIV and AIDS Risk Assessment and Reduction Model.

Authors:
Sarah Bandali

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 24;7:25-35. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

The global fight against HIV is progressing; however, women living in rural areas particularly in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) continue to face the devastating consequences of HIV and AIDS. Lack of knowledge and geographical barriers to HIV services are compounded by gender norms often limiting the negotiation of safe sexual practices among women living in rural areas. This paper discusses findings from a qualitative study conducted in rural areas of Mozambique examining factors that influenced women to engage in HIV risk-reduction practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S11071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4116384PMC
August 2014
4 Reads

Weight Loss Intervention in Survivors of ER/PR-negative Breast Cancer.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 16;7:17-24. Epub 2014 Jun 16.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. ; Wake Forest University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Numerous studies have found that increased body size (weight or body mass index) is a risk factor for breast cancer development, recurrence, and death. The detrimental relationship between body size and breast cancer recurrence may be more pronounced among women with estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-negative breast cancer. Considering the limited availability of treatments, and the association between body size and recurrence, alternative treatments are needed for ER/PR-negative breast cancer survivors, particularly overweight survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S13955DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4069035PMC
July 2014
5 Reads

Women's Awareness of Periconceptional Use of Folic Acid Before and After Their Antenatal Visits.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 1;7:9-15. Epub 2014 May 1.

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK.

Objective: The aim of this study is to assess women's awareness of the benefit and use of folic acid during pregnancy and to assess whether their knowledge has improved following hospital visits.

Method: This is a prospective survey conducted in a large teaching hospital in the UK. The survey questionnaire consisted of 28 questions about demographic variables, behavioral variables, and knowledge about folic acid and neural tube defects (NTDs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S13535DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4011717PMC
May 2014
6 Reads

Efficacy of Tenofovir 1% Vaginal Gel in Reducing the Risk of HIV-1 and HSV-2 Infection.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2014 13;7:1-8. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Materials Research Institute, Athlone Institute of Technology, Athlone, Westmeath, Ireland.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that can result in rare opportunistic infections occurring in humans. The onset of these infections is known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Sexual transmission is responsible for the majority of infections 1, resulting in transmission of HIV due to infected semen or vaginal and cervical secretions containing infected lymphocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S10353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3988671PMC
June 2014
5 Reads

Chemo-enzymatic Synthesis of Propionyl-ester-linked Taxol-monosaccharide Conjugate and its Drug Delivery System Using Hybrid-Bio-nanocapsules Targeting Brain Glioma Cells.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 25;6:71-5. Epub 2013 Nov 25.

Department of Medical and Bioengineering Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.

Taxol is recognized as one of the most potent anticancer agents used in the treatment of breast and ovarian cancers, which are common cancers in women. To overcome its shortcomings, that is, its low water-solubility that reduces drug loading capacity of DDS carriers when incorporating taxol, chemo-enzymatic synthesis of ester-linked taxol-glucose conjugate, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S8213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941184PMC
March 2014
5 Reads
1 Citation

The Role of Vitamin D Supplements in Women's Health.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 20;6:67-70. Epub 2013 Oct 20.

Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Vitamin D is pivotal to the absorption of calcium and maximizing bone health. Women suffer great morbidity and mortality related to osteoporosis and fractures, which may be decreased by interventions such as vitamin D. In addition, extraskeletal benefits of vitamin D have been postulated including positive effects on cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S11067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941188PMC
June 2014
5 Reads

Effects of martial arts exercise on body composition, serum biomarkers and quality of life in overweight/obese premenopausal women: a pilot study.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 11;6:55-65. Epub 2013 Sep 11.

Department of Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX.

Various exercise interventions have been shown to benefit weight control and general health in different populations. However, very few studies have been conducted on martial arts exercise (MAE). The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the efficacy of 12 weeks of MAE intervention on body composition, serum biomarkers and quality of life (QOL) in overweight/obese premenopausal women. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4137/CMWH.S11997
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S11997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941186PMC
March 2014
8 Reads

A new method for creating the bladder flap.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 23;6:51-4. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Banner Thunderbird Medical Center, Glendale, AZ. ; Phoenix Perinatal Associates, Phoenix, AZ. ; University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tucson, AZ.

Background: Bladder flaps are commonly created during routine cesarean deliveries and often require multiple steps that increase operating time and expose the surgeon to inadvertent injury.

Objective: We report a simple method of creating a bladder flap that eliminates the need for multiple instrument handoffs and repositioning.

Conclusion: The simplicity of this method allows the surgeon decreased operative entry time while decreasing exposure to injuries from multiple instrument handoffs during bladder flap development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S12451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941185PMC
March 2014
6 Reads

Efficacy and safety of remifentanil as an alternative labor analgesic.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 6;6:37-49. Epub 2013 May 6.

Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD.

The objective of this review was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of remifentanil in the management of labor pain. Although neuraxial analgesia is the best option during labor, alternative analgesic options are needed for patients with contraindications. Using a systematic literature search, clinical outcomes of remifentanil for labor pain have been summarized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S8015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941183PMC
June 2014
6 Reads

De materia medica versus codex alimentarius for the reinforcement of the gynecologic immune system: the case of endometriosis.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 30;6:31-5. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Association of Greek Immunology Graduates (AGIG), Maroussi, Athens, Greece.

Since the first Pharmacopoeia under the title "De Materia Medica," the importance of the utilization of plants and herbs has been an invaluable medicinal tool successfully employed for strengthening the immune system for combating a number of diseases in general, or assisting fertility and reproductive issues in particular. The beneficial use of herbal extracts, constituting the basis of modern medicines, is lately under the shadow of Codex Alimentarius that threatens, if not properly applied, serious immunity features rendering the host defenseless for intercepting harmful invaders, one of which is the mesenchymal endometriotic stem cell causing endometriosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S11214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941187PMC
March 2014
4 Reads

Android shape independent of aerobic fitness: a risk factor for low bone mineral content in overweight and obese latina women.

Authors:
Afrooz Afghani

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 29;6:25-30. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

School of Arts and Sciences, Brandman University, Irvine, CA, USA.

Objective: The link between central adiposity and osteopenia has not been extensively studied in Latina women. In particular, the association between abdominal weight and bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD), independent of total weight and aerobic capacity, remains uncertain, especially in overweight and obese individuals.

Methods: Trunk weight, total body fat mass, fat-free mass, BMC, and BMD of 33 premenopausal Latina women age 22 to 51 years from Los Angeles, California were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S10979DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941180PMC
March 2014
4 Reads

Abnormal bleeding during menopause hormone therapy: insights for clinical management.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 23;6:13-24. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Tropical Institute of Medicine Reproductive and Menopause, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Objective: Our objective was to review the involved mechanisms and propose actions for controlling/treating abnormal uterine bleeding during climacteric hormone therapy.

Methods: A systemic search of the databases SciELO, MEDLINE, and Pubmed was performed for identifying relevant publications on normal endometrial bleeding, abnormal uterine bleeding, and hormone therapy bleeding.

Results: Before starting hormone therapy, it is essential to exclude any abnormal organic condition, identify women at higher risk for bleeding, and adapt the regimen to suit eachwoman's characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S10483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941181PMC
June 2014
7 Reads

Clinical utility of aromatase inhibitors as adjuvant treatment in postmenopausal early breast cancer.

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2013 22;6:1-11. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, FL.

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women, with over 200,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Adjuvant systemic endocrine therapy has demonstrated its benefits in reducing the risk of occult micro metastatic infiltration by preventing breast cancer cells from receiving endogenous estrogen stimulation. Initial adjuvant treatment with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) is considered the standard of care for most postmenopausal women with node-positive and high-risk node-negative estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S8692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941182PMC
June 2014
5 Reads

Developing an alcohol education leaflet for pregnant women using qualitative and quantitative data.

Authors:
Noriko Sudo

Clin Med Insights Womens Health 2011 28;4:17-33. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

Department of Health Promotion, National Institute of Public Health, Wako-shi, Saitama Prefecture, Japan.

Objective: This article summarizes the process of developing and evaluating a series of alcohol educational leaflets with pregnant women.

Methods: Four group interviews were conducted with a total of 33 pregnant women.

Results: The copy, font, and color should be tailored to pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/CMWH.S6541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032186PMC
June 2014
7 Reads