3,139 results match your criteria Clinical Imaging[Journal]


Does MR enterography offer added value after a recent CT in the evaluation of abdominal pain in Crohn's disease patients?

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 10;54:78-83. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Yale New Haven Hospital, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, 20 York Street, New Haven, CT 06520, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if there is added value in performing MR enterography shortly after a contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen and pelvis in patients with Crohn's disease presenting with acute abdominal pain.

Materials And Methods: A total of 45 consecutive patients who underwent MRE examination <7 days after a CT met our strict inclusion criteria. Independent and blinded review of both MRE and CT exams was performed by two abdominal radiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Efficacy and safety of partial splenic embolization for hypersplenism in pre- and post-liver transplant patients: A 16-year comparative analysis.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 27;54:71-77. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Ave, Milstein Hospital - 4 Hudson North, New York, NY 10032, United States of America.

Purpose: To report the effect of partial splenic embolization (PSE) on hematological indices and the procedure's safety in pre- and post-liver transplant (LT) patients.

Materials And Methods: A single-center retrospective study evaluating all patients who underwent PSE over a 16-year period was performed. Inclusion criteria were splenomegaly confirmed by imaging and at least one of the following cytopenias: hemoglobin ≤10 g/dL, WBC count ≤1500 μL, or platelet count ≤100,000 μL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Usefulness of noncontrast MRI in differentiation between gallbladder carcinoma and benign conditions manifesting as focal mild wall thickening.

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 4;54:63-70. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a reliable imaging tool for evaluating gallbladder carcinoma, but it is costly and time-consuming.

Purpose: To compare noncontrast MRI with multidetector row CT (MDCT) and gadoxetic acid-enhanced whole MRI in distinguishing gallbladder carcinoma from benign disease.

Materials And Methods: 101 patients (36 with gallbladder carcinoma and 65 with benign disease) with mild focal gallbladder wall thickening were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018

Normal axillary thickness thresholds as a metric for nutritional status of children.

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 1;54:57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 3208C Medical Sciences Building 1, B1D502, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5030, United States of America. Electronic address:

Introduction: Childhood pneumonia is a major cause of death in the 3rd world, and undernourishment increases the severity of the condition. We considered axillary thickness as a simple measurement to evaluate nutritional status that can be performed simultaneously with lung ultrasound. Our goal was to determine the distribution of axillary thickness in a cohort of children to determine a threshold for malnutrition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Cryptococcal meningitis in a multiple sclerosis patient treated with Fingolimod: a case report and review of imaging findings.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 14;54:53-56. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Radiology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, BCM 360, Houston, TX 77030, United States.

Fingolimod is an oral medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2009 for the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Initial clinical trials did not show a significantly increased rate of serious infections with fingolimod therapy. However, a mildly increased risk of less serious infections, such as varicella zoster virus and herpes simplex virus, was reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.005DOI Listing
November 2018

Emergent cervical internal carotid artery angioplasty before endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: a report of clinical and imaging outcome.

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 2;54:48-52. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Neurointervention Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

A case of tandem occlusion consisting of right internal carotid artery (ICA) origin dissection and middle cerebral artery (MCA) thromoboembolism is reported. A 45 year-old male with right-sided neurological symptoms of emergent large vessel occlusion was treated with same-session angioplasty and mechanical thrombectomy of the respective lesions. The complete neurological recovery and radiological investigations are chronicled herein, and a review of the state of tandem occlusion management is discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.014DOI Listing
December 2018

Infantile myofibromatosis: review of imaging findings and emphasis on correlation between MRI and histopathological findings.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 8;54:40-47. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Diagnostic Radiology Department, American University of Beirut Medical Center, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, 1107 2020 Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Background: Infantile myofibromatosis (IM) is the most common fibrous tumor of infancy. MRI is considered the gold standard in IM evaluation. Very little has been published about IM with histopathology correlation in the pediatric age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Dr. Lucy Frank Squire: Fundamentally better together.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov - Dec;52:vii-ix. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.007DOI Listing
September 2018

Combined juvenile polyposis syndrome and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (JPS/HHT) with MRI and endoscopic correlation.

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 2;54:37-39. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) may coexist with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) due to implication of the SMAD4 gene in a subset of both diseases. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case in the radiologic literature on the MRI findings in a patient with this rare combined diagnosis undergoing workup for burden of disease. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.011DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Gastric wall fat halo sign in patients without intestinal disease.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 30;54:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Trabzon Kanuni Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and visceral obesity with potentially associated diseases.

Materials And Methods: Between September 2015 and April 2017, 90 patients with gastric wall fat halo signs and 130 controls were prospectively evaluated. Patient height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, subcutaneous fat area (SFA), visceral fat area (VFA), total fat area (TFA), percentage of visceral fat (VF%) and the presence of colic or ileal fat halo signs, hepatic steatosis and aortic calcified plaques were recorded for the two groups. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.013DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Imaging of liver fusion and vascular intra-hepatic shunts in omphalopagus conjoined twins: The role of a double CT study.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 22;54:25-30. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Radiology, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Piazza OMS 1, Bergamo, Italy.

Omphalopagus twins are joined ventrally in the umbilical region. In omphalopagus twins, liver's fusion is very frequent, being present in about 80% of cases. Two conjoined twins born in our Hospital were evaluated using plain x-rays, ultrasound (US), gastrointestinal xrays, Tc-99 hepatobiliary scintigraphy (SC) and contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Clinical, imaging, and intervention factors associated with the upgrade of isolated flat epithelial atypia.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 20;54:21-24. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Mather Pavilion B402, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aims to determine clinical, imaging, and intervention factors associated with the upgrade of flat epithelial atypia (FEA) diagnosed on vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) in order to formulate criteria for excision and better assist in management.

Methods: Between 2012 and 2015, 254 patients had a form of atypia diagnosed on ultrasound, MRI or stereotactic VAB and met eligibility for this study. Demographic, imaging, biopsy and pathology characteristics were analyzed for association with upgrade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.008DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

T2-blackout effect on DWI as a sign of early bone infarct and sequestration in a patient with sickle cell disease.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 15;54:15-20. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States of America.

Differentiation of bone infarct from osteomyelitis is one of the most challenging issues in the evaluation of acute bone pain in sickle cell patients. The imaging modalities that are currently being used for assessment of bone marrow in this population have several limitations. We present a case of an 18-year-old male with a history of sickle cell disease, who was transferred to our emergency department with progressively severe headache and jaw pain for one-week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.006DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Intra-arterial ampicillin and gentamicin and the incidence of splenic abscesses following splenic artery embolization: A 20-year case control study.

Clin Imaging 2018 Oct 3;54:6-11. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States of America; Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Inova Alexandria Hospital, 4320 Seminary Road, Alexandria, VA 22304, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: Splenic abscesses represent a major complication following splenic artery embolization. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of intra-arterial antibiotics administered during splenic artery embolization in reducing splenic abscess formation.

Materials And Methods: 406 patients were screened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.005DOI Listing
October 2018

Embolization of a congenital arteriovenous malformation arising off the internal mammary artery.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 15;54:12-14. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University in St. Louis, 510 S Kingshighway Blvd, CB 8131, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United States of America. Electronic address:

Congenital arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the internal mammary artery (IMA) are exceptionally rare. Patients with AVMs arising off the left IMA may present with continuous precordial murmurs and/or a pulsatile chest mass. AVMs in this location pose a risk of enlargement, rupture, infection, or high-output cardiac failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Clinical metric for differentiating intracranial hemangiopericytomas from meningiomas using diffusion weighted MRI.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 1;54:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Radiology, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Lenox Hill Hospital, 100 East 77th Street, New York, NY 10075, USA.

Purpose: Intracranial Hemangiopericytomas (IHP) are dural based tumors that frequently recur/metastasize. Unfortunately, their imaging appearance overlaps significantly with more benign meningiomas. We evaluated the use of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) to differentiate IHP from meningioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.018DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
0.596 Impact Factor

Clinico-radiologic factors in paraclinoid aneurysms associated with aneurysm rupture: A CTA study.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:225-229. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Radiology (Neuroradiology Division), Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Background And Purpose: Paraclinoid aneurysms are commonly noted as incidental findings by computed tomography angiography (CTA), and there exists disagreement in the literature as to which patient and aneurysm characteristics predict subsequent rupture. This question is of particular significance given the complex anatomy of the paraclinoid region and the associated risks of aneurysm treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine significant associated risk factors for paraclinoid aneurysm rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.016DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Percutaneous extrahepatic splenomeso-caval shunt creation in a patient with portal vein thrombosis after Whipple procedure.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:221-224. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

A 72-year-old male presented with refractory ascites secondary to portal vein occlusion with cavernomatous transformation following pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure). Due to the unfavorable anatomy, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was not an option. However, given patency of the spleno-mesenteric confluence and absence of the pancreatic head after the Whipple procedure, a splenomeso-caval shunt was successfully created using a transjugular-transsplenic rendezvous technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.019DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Multi-phase 3D arterial spin labeling brain MRI in assessing cerebral blood perfusion and arterial transit times in children at 3T.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:210-220. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Laboratory of FMRI Technology (LOFT), Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) with a single post-labeling delay time is commonly used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF). Multi-phase pCASL has been developed to simultaneously estimate CBF and arterial transit time (ATT).

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical feasibility of multi-phase 3D pCASL in pediatric patients, and to compare the estimation of ATT and CBF via linear weighted-delay and traditional non-linear iterative curve-fitting routines. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Clinical, mammographic, and ultrasonographic characteristics of diabetic mastopathy: A case series.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:204-209. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok 10700, Thailand.

Purpose: Diabetic mastopathy (DMP) is a rare benign breast lesion that mimics breast cancer on ultrasound. Our aims were to identify patient characteristics and imaging features of the disease.

Methods: We conducted retrospective searches of our database for DMP lesions that were pathologically confirmed between January 2004 and November 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Early TIPS failure in association with left mesenterico-gonadal spontaneous portosystemic venous shunt; a case report.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:200-203. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, KY, United States of America. Electronic address:

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) periprocedural thrombosis rates have fallen significantly since the introduction of polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent grafts. We present a case of a cirrhotic patient with portal hypertension presenting with early TIPS thrombosis in association with an underlying competing spontaneous left mesenterico-gonadal venous shunt, an uncommon variant of spontaneous portal systemic shunt (SPSS). The patient presented with bleeding distal duodenal varices refractory to endovascular therapy, and although a successful TIPS procedure was performed for this indication, early thrombosis was determined by follow-up abdominopelvic computed tomographic angiography (CTA) scan. Read More

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https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328557068_Early_TIP
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https://www.clinicalimaging.org/article/S0899-7071(18)30293-
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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.023DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Relationship between current smoking, visual CT findings and emphysema index in cigarette smokers.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:195-199. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Biomedical Sciences College of Medicine, Inha University Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate whether visual CT findings could account for the effect of current smoking.

Methods: 500 CT scans were visually evaluated within each lobe. A multivariate model for emphysema index was constructed containing previously described confounders in addition to the visual components associated with smoking status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.024DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Recurrent desmoid tumor arising from latissimus dorsi flap: A case report.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:191-194. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, HX-302, Lexington, KY 40536-0293, United States of America. Electronic address:

Fibromatosis or desmoid tumor in the breast is a very rare benign soft tissue tumor. We report a case of recurrent desmoid tumor arising from latissimus dorsi flap after lumpectomy for breast carcinoma. To our knowledge, this is the first case of desmoid tumor arising from the latissimus dorsi flap. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.025DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Insights into innovative breast imaging techniques.

Authors:

Clin Imaging 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.021DOI Listing
October 2018

A quantitative image analysis using MRI for diagnosis of biliary atresia.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:186-190. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei City 11260, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City 25245, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Radiology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei City 10449, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Purpose: Biliary atresia is a life-threatening disease that needs early diagnosis and management. Recently, MRI images have been used for the diagnosis of biliary atresia with improved accuracy of diagnosis when other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography are equivocal. This study aimed to evaluate the juxta-hilar extrahepatic biliary tree using MRI images to determine a quantitative value for diagnosing biliary atresia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.001DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Identification of a correlation between the sonographic appearance and molecular subtype of invasive breast cancer: A review of 311 cases.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:179-185. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 246 Xuefu Road, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province 150000, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify the ultrasound and clinical features related to the different molecular subtypes of invasive breast cancer.

Methods: Sonographic and clinical data of 311 surgically confirmed breast cancer cases were retrospectively reviewed and compared based on various subtypes.

Results: Luminal A (LA) breast cancers were associated with a low histologic grade, spiculated margins, an echogenic rim and posterior acoustic attenuation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.020DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads
0.600 Impact Factor

Calcineurin-inhibitor induced pain syndrome - Magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphic findings illustrated through two cases.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:174-178. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 408 Dickinson, Street, Mail Code #8226, San Diego, CA 92103, USA; Radiology Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA.

Calcineurin-inhibitor induced pain syndrome (CIPS) is a condition characterized by lower extremity pain in patients receiving tacrolimus or cyclosporine therapy following organ transplantation. Through two cases, we demonstrate key imaging findings in CIPS with bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which are those of increased scintigraphic activity and marrow edema in the lower extremities, respectively. CIPS is an important condition that has characteristic imaging findings, but is unfortunately underappreciated in the radiology literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.022DOI Listing
October 2018

Abbreviated protocol breast MRI: The past, present, and future.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:169-173. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

University of California San Francisco, 1600 Divisadero St. Room C-250, San Francisco, CA 94115, United States of America. Electronic address:

Breast MRI has been shown to be the most sensitive examination in the detection of breast cancer. However, given the high associated costs, its use in the screening setting has traditionally been limited to those who are at high-risk for breast cancer. Abbreviated protocol breast MRI is capable of reducing the traditional costs associated with breast MRI, while maintaining diagnostic accuracy and cancer detection, and therefore a potential future screening tool for breast cancer in a broader population of women than just those at high-risk. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.017DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Coronal oblique orientation of the neural foramen improves cervical spine MRI: A comparison of the sensitivity of different angulations.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:162-168. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Neurosurgery, University Hospitals, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, 89081 Ulm, Germany; Neurosurgery, Nova Clinic, Eichendorfweg 5, 88400 Biberach, Germany.

Objective: Angulated projections are used in radiography to show the cervical neural foramen. Imaging the coronal oblique planes in an MRI of the cervical spine should therefore improve visualization of neural foramen pathology. This has to be demonstrated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.011DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Can unenhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging be used in routine follow up of meningiomas to avoid gadolinium deposition in brain?

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:155-161. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: We hypothesized that unenhanced brain MRI can be used in follow up of patients with intracranial meningioma to avoid gadolinium deposition in the brain and allow measurement of meningioma dimensions from pre-contrast T2-weighted images.

Methods: Dimensions of meningiomas were measured on pre-contrast T2, post-contrast T1 weighted images.

Results: The sizes of meningiomas in post-contrast axial T1-weighted images were similar with that in pre-contrast axial T2-weighted images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.014DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Calling all calcifications: a retrospective case control study.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:151-154. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The majority of recalls from screening mammography do not result in biopsy recommendation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if calcifications recalled from screening mammography are more likely to result in biopsy recommendations than other findings.

Methods: IRB-approved electronic medical record search was performed to obtain a random sample of screening mammograms assigned BI-RADS 0 assessment during 2014-2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.016DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Clinical utility of susceptibility-weighted MR sequence for the evaluation of uterine sarcomas.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:143-150. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Radiology, Tokushima University, 3-18-15, Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima 7708503, Japan. Electronic address:

Purpose: High intensity intra-tumoral hemorrhagic necrosis on T1-weighted images is a suggestive finding for uterine sarcomas, however, the reported prevalence varies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of susceptibility-weighted MR sequences (SWS) for the diagnosis of uterine sarcomas.

Materials And Methods: MR imaging of surgically proven 10 uterine sarcomas and 24 benign leiomyomas were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of high intensity areas on T1-weighted images and signal voids on SWS (T2 star-weighted angiography: SWAN). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.015DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of pectus excavatum indexes during standard cardiac magnetic resonance: Potential for single preoperative tool.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:138-142. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diagnostico Maipu, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Purpose: Preoperative assessment of patients with pectus excavatum (PE) demands evaluation of malformation indexes, generally with chest computed tomography (CT). In addition, assessment of the cardiac impact of sternal depression has become a rule in high referral centers, thus requiring two independent imaging modalities and use ionizing radiation in a very young population. The objective of this study was to explore the agreement between chest CT and standard cardiac MR (CMR) for the evaluation of chest wall malformation indexes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.013DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Lumbosacral ventral spinal nerve root atrophy identified on MRI in a case of spinal muscular atrophy type II.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:134-137. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address:

Spinal muscular atrophies are rare genetic disorders most often caused by homozygous deletion mutations in SMN1 that lead to progressive neurodegeneration of anterior horn cells. Ventral spinal root atrophy is a consistent pathological finding in post-mortem examinations of patients who suffered from various subtypes of spinal muscular atrophy; however, corresponding radiographic findings have not been previously reported. We present a patient with hypotonia and weakness who was found to have ventral spinal root atrophy in the lumbosacral region on MRI and was subsequently diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.017DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Non-contrast Magnetic Resonance Lymphangiography: an emerging technique for the study of lymphedema.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:126-133. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Biomedical Science for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Mangiagalli 31, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Lymphedema (LE) is a chronic disabling disease, characterized by the accumulation of macromolecules and liquids in the interstitial space. Patients affected by LE should undergo appropriate imaging to confirm the diagnosis, to evaluate characteristics and the severity of LE and to allow for correct management and treatment plan. However, there is no consensus regarding the best imaging technique to study this disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.006DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Methotrexate (MTX)-associated malignant lymphoma of the bilateral breast: imaging features in comparison to other nipple-areolar tumors.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:120-125. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Pathology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, Japan.

Tumors originating from the nipple-areolar complex of the breast are rare. We herein report the case of a patient with metachronous bilateral areolar methotrexate (MTX)-associated lymphoma. The patient was a 67-year-old woman who presented with a rapidly enlarging tumor in the areolar region of her left breast. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.004DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

To investigate dose reduction and comparability of standard dose CT vs Ultra low dose CT in evaluating pulmonary emphysema.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:115-119. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Departments of Radiology, Tallaght Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of dose reduction and comparability of standard dose CT vs Ultra low dose CT in evaluating pulmonary emphysema.

Methods: Forty-nine patients with emphysema were recruited from a tertiary referral respiratory clinic. Each patient had a non-contrast Standard Dose (SD) and Ultra Low Dose (ULD) thoracic CT. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.012DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Gastrobronchial fistula after sleeve gastrectomy: clinical and radiographic findings.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:112-114. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Electronic address:

We describe a patient who developed an intractable leak from the gastric sleeve after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, resulting in the development of a gastrobronchial fistula. Affected individuals typically have a persistent leak from the gastric sleeve with recurrent subphrenic abscesses, and when a gastrobronchial fistula develops, these patients may present with paroxysms of coughing immediately after ingestion of solids or liquids. In the appropriate clinical setting, a barium study not only may show the leak, but also directly visualize the gastrobronchial fistula. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.009DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Stereotactic breast biopsy efficiency: Does a pre-biopsy grid image help?

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:108-111. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, Suite 715, New York, NY 10065, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: Prior to stereotactic breast biopsy, some radiologists obtain a mammogram image with an overlying alphanumeric grid to mark the skin overlying the target. Our purpose is to determine if this grid image affects stereotactic biopsy efficiency and accuracy, including total images obtained, procedure time and need for retargeting.

Materials And Methods: IRB approved, HIPAA compliant retrospective review of prone stereotactic biopsy cases targeting calcifications 9/1/2015 to 9/1/2016 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.007DOI Listing
October 2018

Diffusion-MR in kidney transplant recipients: is diuretic stimulation a useful diagnostic tool for improving differentiation between functioning and non-functioning kidneys?

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:97-104. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies - Radiology I Unit, University Hospital "Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele", Via Santa Sofia 78, Catania 95123, Italy.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of diuretic stimulation on Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) techniques in transplanted kidneys.

Methods: 33 transplanted kidney recipients underwent DWI and DTI sequences before and after furosemide. Cortical and medullary Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) and Fractional Anisotropy (FA) values were calculated in transplanted kidneys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Imaging of coronary artery fistulas by multidetector CT angiography using third generation dual source CT scanner.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:89-96. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.

Coronary artery fistulas are rare cardiac conditions which constitute a subgroup of anomalies of the coronary arteries. Though majority are asymptomatic, they may be associated with high prevalence of late symptoms and complications. Accurate identification of the fistulas, their hemodynamic significance and associated conditions generally influence management strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.019DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Solitary fibrous tumor of thyroid: a case report with review of literature.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:105-107. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Radiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Solitary fibrous tumors are rare spindle cell tumors of mesenchymal origin most commonly found in the pleura and peritoneum. In contrast, extra-serosal locations are rare. We present a 41-year-old female with a progressively enlarging left-sided neck mass of one-year duration with subsequent rapid-onset growth over two months, and was pathologically confirmed to be a benign solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.011DOI Listing
September 2018

Imaging of acquired transdiaphragmatic fistulae and communications.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:78-88. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Acquired diaphragmatic defects occur secondary to trauma, infection, surgery or neoplasm. These defects can lead to abnormal thoraco-abdominal fistulous communications also. Examples of surgically created diaphragmatic defects are omental, colonic interposition and vascular grafts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.020DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads
0.600 Impact Factor

Comprehensive review of typical and atypical pathology of the appendix on CT: cases with clinical implications.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:65-77. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

University of Texas Southwestern Department of Radiology, United States of America.

Acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency in the United States with approximately 250,000 cases annually. Computed Tomography (CT) has emerged as the most accurate diagnostic test to triage these patients for emergent surgery. Although the radiology search pattern is prioritized to detect an inflamed appendix, not all appearances equate to a typical surgical appendicitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.08.016DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Influence of cardiac function on image quality in coronary computed tomography angiography.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:58-64. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan; Research Program for Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Division of Integrated Oncology Research, Gunma University Initiative for Advanced Research (GIAR), Gunma, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between cardiac functional parameters and image quality in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

Material And Methods: Sixty-six patients who underwent both CCTA and echocardiography were included. The coronary artery attenuation values and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were measured in the proximal right coronary arteries (RCA) and left main (LM) trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.010DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads
0.600 Impact Factor

Asymptomatic systemic air embolism after CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:49-57. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Radiology, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Pusan, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: We presented details and incidence of systemic arterial embolism (SAE) following a CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) and evaluated risk factors for SAEs.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 1014 PTNBs performed in our hospital from 2005 to 2017. SAE was identified in the pulmonary vein, left heart, coronary artery, and aorta by reviewing post-biopsy CT images. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Cesarean section scar choriocarcinoma, an unusual entity with ultrasound, MRI and pathologic correlation.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:43-48. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Radiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai West, United States of America. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.018DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Ultrasound elastography in neuromuscular and movement disorders.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:35-42. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Rocky Vista University, Ivins, UT, USA. Electronic address:

The purpose of this review is to summarize main pathophysiology of neuromuscular and movement disorders, present published evidence of ultrasound elastography in the assessment of common neuromuscular and movement disorders, and discuss what role ultrasound elastography modality can play in respect to neuromuscular and movement disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.008DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Avulsion fracture of the medial collateral ligament association with Segond fracture.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:32-34. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, 601 N. Caroline Street, JHOC 3142, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address:

The Segond fracture is a tibial avulsion injury of the insertion of the middle third of the lateral capsular ligament that is typically associated with anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal tears. The classically assigned mechanism of injury is a combination of internal rotation and varus stress. We report two cases of Segond fractures that presented with a variant pattern including osseous avulsion injuries of the medial collateral ligament at the femoral origin, anterior cruciate ligament tear, and pivot shift-type osseous contusion pattern, suggesting an alternative mechanism of injury that includes dominant valgus stress and external rotation components. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.006DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Diagnostic performance of quantitative diffusion tensor imaging for the differentiation of breast lesions at 3 T MRI.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:25-31. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Medical School, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, Larissa, Greece; Department of Anatomy-Histology-Embryology, University of Thessaly Medical School, Larissa, Greece.

Background: Conventional breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including dynamic contrast-enhanced MR mammography, may lead to ambiguous diagnosis and unnecessary biopsies.

Purpose: To investigate the contribution of quantitative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the discrimination between benign and malignant breast lesions at 3 T MRI.

Material And Methods: The study included a total of 86 lesions (44 benign and 42 malignant) in 58 women (34 with malignant lesions, 23 with benign lesions and 1 with both types of lesions). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.10.002DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads
0.600 Impact Factor