Objectives: Flow cytometry osmotic fragility test (FC-OFT) was a recently introduced screening test for hereditary spherocytosis (HS). This study was conducted to evaluate the utility of FC-OFT in all newly diagnosed cases of HS, to compare its diagnostic value with conventional OFT and to correlate with clinical disease severity.
Methods: In this study, the percentage of residual red cells (%RRC) was measured using flow cytometer after creating a red cell suspension. Read More
Objectives: To investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of absolute basophil count (ABC) in patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF).
Methods: We retrospectively investigated 58 patients with PMF treated in our institution in the period from 2006 to 2017. ABC was obtained in addition to other hematological and clinical parameters. Read More
Objective: Two distinct forms of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutations, internal tandem duplication (ITD) in the juxtamembrane domain and point mutation within the activation loop of the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD), have been identified in considerable number of patients with AML. This study was aimed to analyze the impacts of these mutations on clinical outcomes, and assess the efficacy of different therapeutic regimens (allo-HSCT, sorafenib, or conventional chemotherapy) for AML patients with FLT3 mutations after the standard induction therapy.
Materials And Methods: We analyzed DNA samples from 158 consecutive de novo AML patients (18-60 years, excluding APL) with FLT3 mutations between July 2010 and October 2015. Read More
Background: In chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), rituximab removes the harmful autoantibodies through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. The response to rituximab in ITP is variable; the effectiveness of rituximab is influenced by the process of activation of effector fragment C gamma receptors (FcγRs). Genetic factors may affect the response to rituximab. Read More
Background: Patients with cancer commonly demonstrate laboratory evidence for hypercoagulability. Coagulation and inflammation play a role in the pathophysiology of hematological malignancies and the correlation between hypercoagulability and inflammation with tumor outcomes and the patient's prognosis are well studied.
Objective: To identify an association between hemostasis activation, fibrinolysis and inflammation with mortality in patients with hematological malignancies to determine their prognostic significance. Read More
Background: Double-unit cord blood transplantation (CBT) can be used to overcome the limitation of single-unit CBT with low cell content for adults and larger adolescents. However, whether double-unit CBT is superior to single-unit CBT remains controversial.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 228 consecutive hematological malignancies who received CBT between November 2005 and December 2013. Read More
Objectives: Immunophenotype is an important prognostic factor for childhood and adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, immunophenotypic data from adult patients with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) are scarcely available.
Methods: Subjects were unselected adult patients with T-LBL who were treated with intensive chemotherapy. Read More
Objectives: There are more than 200 known mutations found in patients with β-thalassemia, a possibility to identify an unknown or novel mutation becomes less possible. Here, we report a novel mutation in a patient from Thailand who presented with chronic hemolytic anemia.
Methods: A comprehensive hematology and DNA analysis was applied in the index patient and her mother. Read More
d Center for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Faculty of Associated Medical Science , Khon Kaen University , Khon Kaen , Thailand.
Introduction: Thalassemia-related complications are one of the main factors that increase morbidity and mortality in aging patients with thalassemia. This study was aimed to report the prevalence and clinical risk factors for the complications in thalassemia.
Methods: A multi-center prospective cohort study was conducted in patients with thalassemia aged ≥10 years old. Read More
Objective: The objective of our review is to highlight the significance of microsatellite hypervariation in diagnostics of hematologic malignancies.
Methods: For the past few decades, extensive experiments in cancer research have explored all the possible pathways and a number of deleterious mutations that either make the tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) dysfunctional or cause the proto-oncogenes to behave abnormally by changing the cellular phenotype hence rendering disease. To prevent the deleterious effects of mutations and to protect the genomic integrity, our system possesses multiple repair mechanisms. Read More
Background: Although dysplasia plays an important role in the diagnosis of myelodysplasia syndrome (MDS), its morphologic variety and irregularity result in difficulties in its clinical application.
Methods: Bone marrow smears from cases with MDS and non-clonal disease were collected and performed microscopy analysis. We respectively recorded the percentage of specific dysplastic cells (PSDC) and incidence of specific dysplasia (ISD) of each dysplastic type in three hematopoietic cell lineages for the comprehensive analysis of diagnostic efficacy to MDS. Read More
Objectives: Although decreased thyroid function is negatively correlated with clinical outcomes in critically ill patients, its role in allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has not been sufficiently described.
Methods: The associations between pre-conditioning thyroid hormone concentrations and transplant-related complications in 474 adult patients with haematologic malignancies who underwent myeloablative allo-HCT were assessed.
Results: A receiver-operating characteristic curve showed that the baseline serum-free triiodothyronine 3 (FT3) level had an excellent predictive value for non-relapse mortality (NRM) within 100 days in sibling HCT with an area under the curve of 0. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the impact of iron chelating drugs and serum ferritin on the neurocognitive functions of patients with β thalassemia major (β-TM), using psychometric, neurophysiologic and radiologic tests.
Methods: Eighty children with β-TM were enrolled into the study and were compared to 40 healthy controls. All participants were evaluated by measuring serum ferritin, neurocognitive assessment by Benton Visual Retention Test, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Wisconsin Card Sort Test, P300 and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Read More
Background: The spectrum of thalassemias is wide ranging from thalassemia minor, which consists of mild hypochromic microcytic anemia without obvious clinical manifestations, to thalassemia major (TM), which is characterized by severe anemia since the first years of life and is transfusion dependent. Thalassemia intermedia (TI) describes those patients with mild or moderate anemia.
Objective: To describe the genetic features and major clinical complications of TI, and the therapeutic approaches available in the management of this disease. Read More
Objective: Relapse is the major cause of treatment failure in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of childhood; it is more frequent among high-risk patients from low-middle income than from high-income countries. The frequency, sites and outcome of relapsed ALL in children of northeast Mexico over a decade was documented.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 246 children belonging to a low-income group <16 years with de novo ALL during 2004-2015 was performed. Read More
Objectives: Increasing numbers of clinical studies have been carried out to investigate the therapeutic effect of Ofatumumab for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) but no studies have yet reported a pooled estimate of the treatment effect. We performed a meta-analysis of evidence from 13 clinical trials to assess effectiveness and safety of Ofatumumab-based therapy in patients with CLL.
Methods: Relevant publications from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and ClinicalTrials. Read More
Background: Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is characterized by extramedullary infiltration by immature myeloid cells. Owing to rarity of this disease, the clinical features and overall outcomes are yet to be clarified.
Objective: To define clinical characteristics, epidemiology, pathologic findings, treatment options and outcomes in MS. Read More
Objectives: Impaired platelet production has been found to be an important pathological mechanism of thrombocytopenia in many diseases. Platelet generation is a complex process that mainly occurs in the bone marrow, and thus is closely regulated by the bone marrow microenvironment. This review attempts to summarize the most current knowledge referring the role of bone marrow microenvironment in the regulation of platelet production. Read More
Objectives and importance: Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities due to disease burden and treatment-related risk factors. Proteasome inhibitors, including bortezomib and carfilzomib, are effective and generally well tolerated anti-MM agents. However, cardiovascular-related toxicities have been reported with this class of agents, the mechanisms of which are not fully understood. Read More
Background: Our study aimed to investigate the effects of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) on renal tubular functions before and after iron treatment for infants and children with IDA. We measured urinary levels of two kidney injury markers: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP).
Material And Methods: Thirty-six infants and children with IDA and 20 matched healthy controls were included. Read More
Objectives: Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a myeloproliferative disease characterized by the accumulation of aberrant mast cells. Since advanced subtypes of SM can lead to organ dysfunction and shortened survival, timely recognition of progressive disease is important for the adequate treatment of SM patients.
Methods: Here, we report the results of our cohort study on the value of routine abdominal ultrasonography for the detection of progression of indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM). Read More
Objective: This study aims to explore the clinical features of multiple myeloma (MM) and the influence of various prognostic factors on survival.
Methods: A retrospective analysis, consisting of clinical characteristics analysis and laboratory examinations, was performed on 787 MM patients. Clinical and laboratory parameters were analyzed by multivariate process and compared across different groups. Read More
Objectives: We report a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe hypochromic microcytic anemia, who was unresponsive to classical iron supplements. We suspected IRIDA, iron-refractory iron-deficiency anemia, a genetic iron metabolism disorder, caused by TMPRSS6 variations. TMPRSS6 encodes matriptase-2, a negative regulator of hepcidin, and its pathological variants are related to normal to high levels of hepcidin. Read More
Objectives: Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening, bleeding disorder caused by an autoantibody against factor VIII that interferes with its coagulant function.
Methods: We performed a narrative review focusing on the diagnostic aspects of AHA and on the current treatment strategies with particular regard to new data and therapeutic developments.
Results: The management of this severe hemorrhagic disorder is based on the control of bleeding with the use of bypassing agents and on the utilization of a variety of immunosuppressant agents with the goal of eliminating the autoantibody permanently. Read More
Background: The natural history and its modulation by treatments administered for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in the clinical practice remains unknown. In addition, little information is available on the characteristics and management of ITP in Spain.
Methods: We conducted an observational, multicenter, registry in 70 Hematology Services from Spain between 2009 and 2011, which included children from 2 months of age and adults with primary ITP or another ITP diagnosed within the last 6 months (platelet count [PC] < 100 × 10(9)/l). Read More
Objectives: Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a clinically and biologically heterogeneous disease. Therefore, it is important to identify factors that can predict its clinical outcome.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the usefulness of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels after R-CHOP (posttreatment sIL-2R) in 72 patients with newly diagnosed FL who had either a complete response (CR) or partial response. Read More
Objectives: Encouraging progress has been made in application of splenectomy in the treatment of relapsed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) of unknown cause. The aim was to determine the roles of lymphocyte subpopulations and inflammatory cytokines in splenectomy.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed changes in lymphocyte subpopulations and levels of inflammatory cytokines at different time-points before and after splenectomy in the patients with relapsed HLH of unknown cause, as well as the correlations between these changes and the disease prognosis. Read More
Background: Classical BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) including polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis frequently harbor JAK2, MPL, and CALR somatic mutations.
Methods: AS-PCR for JAK2 V617F, pyrosequencing for MPL W515L/K, and PCR-fragment analysis for CALR exon 9 mutations were established to analyze genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood samples of 58 newly diagnosed ET patients in Thailand.
Results: JAK2 V617F was detected in 41 patients (71%) and CALR exon 9 mutation was positive in eight patients (14%), whereas no mutation of MPL W515L/K was observed in this study. Read More
Objective: β-Thalassemia is an inherited hemoglobin disorder resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia requiring chronic transfusion therapy. Cardiac involvement is the main cause of death in patients with thalassemia major. The narrow border is between overt myocardial dysfunction and clinically silent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with thalassemia. Read More
Purpose: The aim was to explore undefined useful indices for clinically grading adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) using [(18)F] 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) - positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT).
Methods: A total of 28 patients with ATL (indolent, 9; aggressive, 19) were enrolled; all patients with aggressive ATL underwent FDG-PET/CT before chemotherapy. Patients with indolent ATL underwent FDG-PET/CT at the time of suspected disease progression and/or transformation; some received lymph node biopsy. Read More
Objective: Until recently, imatinib was the standard first-line treatment in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The inclusion of nilotinib and dasatinib as first-line options in CML raised a debate on treatment selection. The aim of our study was to analyze predictive parameters for imatinib response as the first-line treatment of CML patients. Read More
Objectives: To investigate the dynamic change of follicular T helper cells (TFH) in patients with malignant lymphoid disease (MLD) and to explore its clinical significance.
Methods: The dynamic change of TFH cells, ICOS(+)- and PD-1(+) TFH cells at pretreatment and different treatment periods was determined by flow cytometry in 85 MLD patients. Concentration of interleukin 21 (IL-21) was evaluated by ELISA, and the correlation between clinical prognosis and the ratio of TFH cells was analyzed. Read More
Objectives: Many studies have demonstrated that microRNA-21 (miR-21) is an oncogene and is upregulated in tumor tissue. However, its association with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) remains poorly understood.
Methods: The expression of miR-21 was detected by real-time quantitative PCR in 75 children with de novo B-ALL as well as in 50 healthy controls. Read More
Objectives: Cholecystitis is one of the complications of symptomatic cholelithiasis responsible for high levels of morbidity of sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Here, we investigated the possible protective role of single gene deletions of α-thalassaemia in the occurrence of cholelithiasis and cholecystitis in SCD patients, as well as the cholecystectomy requirements.
Methods: The α-globin genotype was determined in 83 SCD patients using the multiplex-polymerase chain reaction and compared with clinical events. Read More
Objective: To date in Italy, there is paucity on data about the prevalence, clinical and haematological features of patients carrying the haemoglobin (Hb) Lepore variant in homozygous or in association with other haemoglobinopathies.
Methods: Here we report the results of a retrospective analysis on 33 patients from Campania, a region of Southern Italy, historically followed at 'UOSD Malattie Rare del Globulo Rosso' of Cardarelli hospital, Naples, Italy.
Results: We described 33 patients carrying the Hb Lepore variant: 21 compound heterozygotes with a common thalassaemia allele, six patients with homozygous state for Hb Lepore, five patients with Hb Lepore/Hb S and one patient with Hb Lepore/Hb Neapolis were identified. Read More
Objective: We study the phenotype and genotype of a novel gene mutation of factor II (FII) that leads to dysprothrombinemia, and do the meta-analysis to illuminate its molecular pathogenesis. It will further contribute to our comprehension of the pathogenesis of this type of disease.
Methods: The prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and the activities of other factors were determined by the one-stage clotting method. Read More
Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a common X-linked inherited enzymopathic disorder affecting more than 500 million people worldwide. It has so far been linked to 217 distinct genetic variants in the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the G6PD gene, giving rise to a wide range of biochemical heterogeneity and clinical manifestations.
Objectives: Reports from different settings suggested the association of intronic and other mutations outside the reading frame of the G6PD gene with reduced enzyme activity and presenting clinical symptoms. Read More
Objectives: Thalassaemia is a potentially lethal inherited anaemia, caused by reduced or absent synthesis of globin chains. Measurement of the minor adult haemoglobin Hb A2, combining α- with δ-globin, is critical for the routine diagnosis of carrier status for α- or β-thalassaemia. Here, we aim to characterize a novel δ-globin variant, Hb A2 Episkopi, in a single family of mixed Lebanese and Cypriot ancestry with mild hypochromic anaemia and otherwise normal globin genotype, which also presents with a coincidental 0. Read More
Objective And Importance: To study the gene mutations of factor XII (FXII) in a Chinese family of consanguineous marriage with FXII deficiency and illuminate the possible molecular pathogenic mechanism. It will contribute to our comprehension of the pathogenesis of the disease.
Clinical Presentation: The proband was a 26-year-old Chinese pregnant woman who was discovered, in a pregnancy test, with a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 61. Read More
Objectives: T-cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule-3 (TIM-3) is preferentially expressed on terminally differentiated Th1 cells and inhibits their IFN-γ production. It has been reported that chronic inflammation may be an important driving force for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). Therefore, we hypothesized that as an important inflammation regulator, TIM-3 may be involved in essential thrombocythaemia (ET). Read More
Background: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) represents the most common pathological type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in our region. Recently, high success rates have been achieved in BL treatment. Little is known about long-term renal dysfunction in this vulnerable group. Read More
Objectives: Our aim was to explore the relationship between JAK2V617F mutation allele burden and hematological parameters especially in coagulation function in Chinese population.
Methods: This study included 133 Ph-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) patients between 2013 and 2016. All the clinical and experimental data of patients were collected at the time of the diagnosis without any prior treatment, including blood parameters, coagulation function, splenomegaly, vascular events and chromosome karyotype. Read More
Objectives: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a clonal disease that accounts for 20% of acute leukemias in adults. A high percentage of adult patients (ranging from 70 to 80%) reach complete remission; however, the 5-year survival rate is only 20-40%. One of the main obstacles to treatment success is the drug resistance of leukemic cells. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the association between endothelial dysfunction and otoneurological symptoms and vaso-occlusive phenomena in children with sickle cell disease (SCD).
Methods: Cross-sectional study with 54 children, aged between 6 and19 years of age, of whom 28 had genotype SS and 26 apparently healthy (AA genotype) whose parents or guardians, or the children themselves, filled out a questionnaire designed to assess their otoneurological symptoms. All the individuals were submitted assessment of endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) percentage with reactive hyperemia of brachial artery Doppler. Read More
A 35-year-old man presents with an acute unprovoked deep vein thrombosis of the left lower extremity. He is treated with anticoagulation and elects to discontinue treatment after 6 months. He subsequently develops polyarthralgias, fatigue, and a malar rash, and a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus is made based on laboratory and clinical findings. Read More
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired autoimmune condition characterized by thrombotic events, pregnancy morbidity, and laboratory evidence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Management of these patients includes the prevention of a first thrombotic episode in at-risk patients (primary prevention) and preventing recurrent thrombotic complications in patients with a history of thrombosis (secondary prevention). Assessment of thrombotic risk in these patients, balanced against estimated bleeding risks associated with antithrombotic therapy could assist clinicians in determining whether antithrombotic therapy is warranted. Read More
von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the commonest inherited bleeding disorder and results from either a quantitative or qualitative deficiency in the plasma glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF). Recent large cohort studies have significantly enhanced our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of VWD. In contrast, however, there have been relatively few advances in the therapeutic options available for the treatment of bleeding in patients with VWD. Read More
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a critical regulator of hemostatic processes, including collagen binding, platelet adhesion, and platelet aggregation. It also serves as a carrier protein to normalize plasma factor VIII synthesis, release, and survival. While VWF protein measurements by immunoassay are reasonably comparable between institutions, the measurement of VWF ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo) has significant variability. Read More
Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2016 Dec;2016(1):663-669
Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico and Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Rare bleeding disorders (RBDs) are a heterogeneous group of coagulation disorders characterized by fibrinogen, prothrombin, factors V, VII, X, XI, or XIII (FV, FVII, FX, FXI, or FXIII, respectively), and the combined factor V + VIII and vitamin K-dependent proteins deficiencies, representing roughly 5% of all bleeding disorders. They are usually transmitted as autosomal, recessive disorders, and the prevalence of the severe forms could range from 1 case in 500 000 for FVII up to 1 in 2-3 million for FXIII in the general population. Patients affected with RBDs may present a wide range of clinical symptoms, varying from mucocutaneous bleeding, common to all types of RBDs to the most life-threatening symptoms such as central nervous system and gastrointestinal bleeding. Read More