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    357 results match your criteria Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review[Journal]

    1 OF 8

    Perceptions of ADHD Among Diagnosed Children and Their Parents: A Systematic Review Using the Common-Sense Model of Illness Representations.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Oct 27. Epub 2017 Oct 27.
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.
    Research on children and parents' experiences of ADHD has grown in recent years, attracting attention to their subjective perception of ADHD as a disorder. Theoretical accounts of illness perception suggest that it is multi-dimensional, consisting of at least five core constructs (see the common-sense model of illness representations or CSM: Leventhal et al., in: Rachman (ed) Medical psychology, Pergamon, New York, vol 2, pp 7-30, 1980, in: Baum, Taylor, Singer (eds) Handbook of psychology and health: social psychological aspects of health, Earlbaum, Hillsdale, vol 4, pp 219-252, 1984). Read More

    The Needs of Foster Children and How to Satisfy Them: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Oct 26. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Centre for Special Needs Education and Youth Care, University of Groningen, Grote Rozenstraat 38, 9712 TJ, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Family foster care deeply influences the needs of children and how these are satisfied. To increase our knowledge of foster children's needs and how these are conceptualized, this paper presents a systematic literature review. Sixty-four empirical articles from six databases were reviewed and categorized (inter-rater agreement K = . Read More

    How Does Homelessness Affect Parenting Behaviour? A Systematic Critical Review and Thematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Department of Population Health, Centre for Global Mental Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.
    The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families. Read More

    What Role for Parental Attributions in Parenting Interventions for Child Conduct Problems? Advances from Research into Practice.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep 4. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    The role of parental attributions in parenting interventions has been the subject of intense interest from clinicians and researchers attempting to optimise outcomes in treatments for children with conduct problems. Despite research articulating the many ways parental attributions can influence behavioural parent training (BPT) outcomes, and recognition that addressing parental attributions in treatment is one of the great challenges faced by BPT practitioners, parenting interventions generally do not provide components that explicitly target or focus on changing problematic parental attributions. In this paper, we ask 'Should parental attributions be included into best practice interventions? If so, how can this be done in a way that improves outcomes without cluttering and complicating the parent training model?' We review the theoretical and empirical status of our understanding of the role of parental attributions in BPT with reference to three questions: 'do pre-treatment parental attributions uniquely predict treatment outcomes'; 'do changes in parental attributions uniquely predict treatment outcomes'; and 'does targeting parental attributions in BPT affect treatment outcomes'. Read More

    Meta-analysis of the Long-Term Treatment Effects of Psychological Interventions in Youth with PTSD Symptoms.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Dec;20(4):422-434
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Varrentrappstraße 40-42, 60486, Frankfurt, Germany.
    To date, the long-term effectiveness of psychological treatments in reducing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents has not been investigated extensively. This meta-analysis quantifies the long-term effects of psychological interventions in children and adolescents with PTSD symptoms and examines the period-dependent follow-up (FU) effects based on 47 studies. The mean FU effect sizes (ESs) for PTSD symptoms ranged from medium (between treatment ESs for controlled studies) to large (within treatment ESs for uncontrolled studies; pooled analysis including all studies). Read More

    A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Parent Training for Disruptive Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Dec;20(4):391-402
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 1920 Briarcliff Road NE, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Parent training (PT) has emerged as a promising treatment for disruptive behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review summarizes the essential elements of PT for disruptive behavior in children with ASD and evaluates the available evidence for PT using both descriptive and meta-analytic procedures. We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (1980-2016) in peer-reviewed journals for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PT for disruptive behavior in children with ASD. Read More

    Promoting Nurturing Environments in Afterschool Settings.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):117-126
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
    Given the rise in dual-career and single-parent families, and the need for monitoring and supervision during out-of-school time, afterschool settings are becoming important contexts for the prevention of problem behaviors and the promotion of the positive development of youth. Research indicates that high-quality afterschool programs can have positive effects on children's academic, socio-emotional, and behavioral outcomes. But less is known about how these influences occur and potential mechanisms involved in this nurturing and promotion process. Read More

    Nurturing Environments for Boys and Men of Color with Trauma Exposure.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):105-116
    UNC Center for Community Capital and Urban Investment Strategies Center, Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Boys and men of color are exposed to traumatic experiences at significantly higher rates than are other demographic groups. To understand and address the mental and behavioral health effects of trauma, including violent incidents, on this population, we review the literature showing the context for, outcomes of, and potential responses to trauma exposure. We present the existing research about the unique challenges and associated negative outcomes for boys and men of color, as well as identify the gaps in the literature. Read More

    The BUFFET Program: Development of a Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Selective Eating in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Dec;20(4):403-421
    JFK Partners, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, School of Medicine, Denver, CO, USA.
    Selective eating (often referred to as "picky" eating) is common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) across the lifespan. Behavioral interventions are widely used to treat selective eating; however, most of these programs are time intensive, have not been evaluated for use in outpatient settings, and do not typically include youth beyond early childhood. Despite the functional impact and risk for negative outcomes associated with selective eating, there are no empirically supported treatments available for older children, adolescents, or adults, either with or without ASD. Read More

    Exposure to Parents' Negative Emotions as a Developmental Pathway to the Family Aggregation of Depression and Anxiety in the First Year of Life.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Dec;20(4):369-390
    Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1001 NG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Depression and anxiety load in families. In the present study, we focus on exposure to parental negative emotions in first postnatal year as a developmental pathway to early parent-to-child transmission of depression and anxiety. We provide an overview of the little research available on the links between infants' exposure to negative emotion and infants' emotional development in this developmentally sensitive period, and highlight priorities for future research. Read More

    The Effectiveness of Psychosocial Interventions Delivered by Teachers in Schools: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep;20(3):333-350
    School of Social Work, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA.
    The growing mental health needs of students within schools have resulted in teachers increasing their involvement in the delivery of school-based, psychosocial interventions. Current research reports mixed findings concerning the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions delivered by teachers for mental health outcomes. This article presents a systematic review and meta-analysis that examined the effectiveness of school-based psychosocial interventions delivered by teachers on internalizing and externalizing outcomes and the moderating factors that influence treatment effects on these outcomes. Read More

    Parenting Programs for the Prevention of Child Physical Abuse Recurrence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep;20(3):351-365
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Child physical abuse is an issue of global concern. Conservative estimates set global prevalence of this type of maltreatment at 25%, its consequences and cost to society escalating with increasing frequency and severity of episodes. Syntheses of the evidence on parenting programs for reducing rates of physical abuse recidivism have, to date, not been able to establish effectiveness. Read More

    Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Adolescent Cognitive-Behavioral Sleep Interventions.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep;20(3):227-249
    Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, 12th Floor Redmond Barry Building, Parkville Campus, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia.
    This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the efficacy of adolescent cognitive-behavioral sleep interventions. Searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE were performed from inception to May 1, 2016, supplemented with manual screening. Nine trials were selected (n = 357, mean age = 14. Read More

    Progress in Nurturing Human Well-Being.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):1-2
    Parenting and Family Research Center, Psychology Department, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.
    Substantial evidence in the behavioral and social sciences has accrued in support of numerous intervention programs and policies bearing on improving the lives of children and families. To this end, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review features a special journal issue on "Evolving Toward a More Nurturing Society." The field has achieved numerous advances regarding how to create and promote nurturing environments that foster successful development and prevent psychological and behavioral problems in children and youth. Read More

    Conceptualizing Culturally Infused Engagement and Its Measurement for Ethnic Minority and Immigrant Children and Families.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Sep;20(3):250-332
    School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, 969 E 60th St, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.
    Despite the central role culture plays in racial and ethnic disparities in mental health among ethnic minority and immigrant children and families, existing measures of engagement in mental health services have failed to integrate culturally specific factors that shape these families' engagement with mental health services. To illustrate this gap, the authors systematically review 119 existing instruments that measure the multi-dimensional and developmental process of engagement for ethnic minority and immigrant children and families. The review is anchored in a new integrated conceptualization of engagement, the culturally infused engagement model. Read More

    A Framework for Valuing Investments in a Nurturing Society: Opportunities for Prevention Research.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):87-103
    Prevention Economics Planning and Research Program, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA.
    Investing in strategies that aim to build a more nurturing society offers tremendous opportunities for the field of prevention science. Yet, scientists struggle to consistently take their research beyond effectiveness evaluations and actually value the impact of preventive strategies. Ultimately, it is clear that convincing policymakers to make meaningful investments in children and youth will require estimates of the fiscal impact of such strategies across public service systems. Read More

    Toward Creating Synergy Among Policy, Procedures, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Models in Child Welfare Systems: Two Case Examples.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):78-86
    Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR, USA.
    Over the past four to five decades, multiple randomized controlled trials have verified that preventive interventions targeting key parenting skills can have far-reaching effects on improving a diverse array of child outcomes. Further, these studies have shown that parenting skills can be taught, and they are malleable. Given these advances, prevention scientists are in a position to make solid empirically based recommendations to public child service systems on using parent-mediated interventions to optimize positive outcomes for the children and families that they serve. Read More

    Promoting Social Nurturance and Positive Social Environments to Reduce Obesity in High-Risk Youth.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):64-77
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.
    Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments. Read More

    Achieving Population-Level Change Through a System-Contextual Approach to Supporting Competent Parenting.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):36-44
    Parenting and Family Support Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.
    The quality of parenting children receive affects a diverse range of child and youth outcomes. Addressing the quality of parenting on a broad scale is a critical part of producing a more nurturing society. To achieve a meaningful population-level reduction in the prevalence rates of child maltreatment and social and emotional problems that are directly or indirectly influenced by parenting practices requires the adoption of a broad ecological perspective in supporting families to raise children. Read More

    Long-Term Outcomes of Youth Treated for an Anxiety Disorder: A Critical Review.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):201-225
    University of Connecticut Health, 65 Kane Street, West Hartford, CT, 06119, USA.
    Pediatric anxiety disorders are common, disabling, and chronic conditions. Efforts over the past two decades have focused on developing and testing effective treatments. Short-term efficacy of both Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors has been established. Read More

    Family Economic Security Policies and Child and Family Health.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):45-63
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Grace Crum Rollins Building, Room 564, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.
    In this review, we examine the effects of family economic security policies (i.e., minimum wage, earned income tax credit, unemployment insurance, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) on child and family health outcomes, summarize policy generosity across states in the USA, and discuss directions and possibilities for future research. Read More

    Conceptualizing a Public Health Prevention Intervention for Bridging the 30 Million Word Gap.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):3-24
    Juniper Gardens Children's Project, University of Kansas, 444 Minnesota Avenue, Kansas City, KS, 66101, USA.
    Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Read More

    Implementing Effective Educational Practices at Scales of Social Importance.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;20(1):25-35
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Implementing evidence-based practices is becoming both a goal and standard across medicine, psychology, and education. Initial successes, however, are now leading to questions about how successful demonstrations may be expanded to scales of social importance. In this paper, we review lessons learned about scaling up evidence-based practices gleaned from our experience implementing school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) across more than 23,000 schools in the USA. Read More

    Potential Mediators in Parenting and Family Intervention: Quality of Mediation Analyses.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):127-145
    University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Parenting and family interventions have repeatedly shown effectiveness in preventing and treating a range of youth outcomes. Accordingly, investigators in this area have conducted a number of studies using statistical mediation to examine some of the potential mechanisms of action by which these interventions work. This review examined from a methodological perspective in what ways and how well the family-based intervention studies tested statistical mediation. Read More

    The Behavioral Avoidance Task with Anxious Youth: A Review of Procedures, Properties, and Criticisms.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):162-184
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA.
    The measurement of avoidance behavior in youth with anxiety and related disorders is essential. Historically, the behavioral avoidance task (BAT) has been used as a measure of avoidance that can be tailored to a youth's particular fear. Although in use for over 90 years, there has yet to be a systematic review of its use, properties, etc. Read More

    Mothers, Fathers, and Parental Systems: A Conceptual Model of Parental Engagement in Programmes for Child Mental Health-Connect, Attend, Participate, Enact (CAPE).
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):146-161
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.
    Parenting programmes are one of the best researched and most effective interventions for reducing child mental health problems. The success of such programmes, however, is largely dependent on their reach and parental engagement. Rates of parental enrolment and attendance are highly variable, and in many cases very low; this is especially true of father involvement in parenting programmes. Read More

    A Review of Technology-Based Youth and Family-Focused Interventions.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2017 Jun;20(2):185-200
    Parenting and Family Research Center, University of South Carolina, 1233 Washington Street, 2nd Floor, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.
    In the past 10 years, mental and behavioral health has seen a proliferation of technology-based interventions in the form of online and other computer-delivered programs. This paper focuses on technology-based treatment and preventive interventions aimed at benefitting children and adolescents via either involving the parents and families, or only the youth. The review considered only technology-based interventions that had at least one published study with a randomized controlled trial design. Read More

    A Review of Factors that Promote Resilience in Youth with ADHD and ADHD Symptoms.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):368-391
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 806 W. Franklin Street, Richmond, VA, 23284, USA.
    The vast majority of research on youth with ADHD has focused on risk factors and describing the types of impairment individuals with ADHD experience. However, functional outcomes associated with ADHD are heterogeneous, and although many youth with ADHD experience significant negative outcomes (e.g. Read More

    Advancing Evidence-Based Assessment in School Mental Health: Key Priorities for an Applied Research Agenda.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):271-284
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, 1512 Pendleton Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.
    Evidence-based assessment (EBA) is a critically important aspect of delivering high-quality, school-based mental health care for youth. However, research in this area is limited and additional applied research on how best to support the implementation of EBA in school mental health (SMH) is needed. Accordingly, this manuscript seeks to facilitate the advancement of research on EBA in SMH by reviewing relevant literature on EBA implementation in schools and providing recommendations for key research priorities. Read More

    The Role of Language Skill in Child Psychopathology: Implications for Intervention in the Early Years.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):352-367
    School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Kelburn Parade, PO Box 600, Wellington, 6012, New Zealand.
    In this narrative review, we suggest that children's language skill should be targeted in clinical interventions for children with emotional and behavioral difficulties in the preschool years. We propose that language skill predicts childhood emotional and behavioral problems and this relationship may be mediated by children's self-regulation and emotion understanding skills. In the first sections, we review recent high-quality longitudinal studies which together demonstrate that that children's early language skill predicts: (1) emotional and behavioral problems, and this relationship is stronger than the reverse pattern; (2) self-regulation skill; this pattern may be stronger than the reverse pattern but moderated by child age. Read More

    Latino Family Participation in Youth Mental Health Services: Treatment Retention, Engagement, and Response.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):329-351
    Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Cramer Hall, 317, 604 N. 16th St., Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA.
    Although researchers have identified a multitude of factors that contribute to family participation in mental health services, few studies have examined them specifically for Latino youth and their families in the U.S., a population that continues to experience significant disparities related to the availability, accessibility, and quality of mental health services. Read More

    Improving Treatment Response for Paediatric Anxiety Disorders: An Information-Processing Perspective.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):392-402
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is considered the treatment of choice for paediatric anxiety disorders, yet there remains substantial room for improvement in treatment outcomes. This paper examines whether theory and research into the role of information-processing in the underlying psychopathology of paediatric anxiety disorders indicate possibilities for improving treatment response. Using a critical review of recent theoretical, empirical and academic literature, the paper examines the role of information-processing biases in paediatric anxiety disorders, the extent to which CBT targets information-processing biases, and possibilities for improving treatment response. Read More

    Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Children and Adolescents: Can Attachment Theory Contribute to Its Efficacy?
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):310-328
    Parenting and Special Education Research Group, KU Leuven, L. Vanderkelenstraat 32, 3000, Louvain, Belgium.
    Meta-analyses consistently demonstrate that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) provides effective evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents with emotional and behaviour problems. Also consistent across meta-analyses is the observation that CBT treatment effects are often medium in size. This observation has instigated a search for factors that could help explain the limited treatment effects and that could be focused upon to enhance CBT treatment outcomes. Read More

    How Do Family-Focused Prevention Programs Work? A Review of Mediating Mechanisms Associated with Reductions in Youth Antisocial Behaviors.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Dec;19(4):285-309
    Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, 3219 Turlington Hall, P.O. Box 117330, Gainesville, FL, 32611-7330, USA.
    The development and evaluation of family-focused preventive interventions has grown significantly in recent decades, but the degree to which these interventions produce anticipated improvements in the family environment, and the extent to which such changes are associated with reductions in youth antisocial behaviors (ASB), is unclear. This article seeks to answer these questions by reviewing evidence from tests of mediation conducted in evaluations of family-focused interventions. Interventions are drawn from family-focused interventions rated as Model Plus, Model, or Promising on the Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development Web site ( http://www. Read More

    Distilling Common History and Practice Elements to Inform Dissemination: Hanf-Model BPT Programs as an Example.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Sep;19(3):236-58
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.
    There is a shift in evidence-based practice toward an understanding of the treatment elements that characterize empirically supported interventions in general and the core components of specific approaches in particular. The evidence base for behavioral parent training (BPT) and the standard of care for early-onset disruptive behavior disorders (oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder), which frequently co-occur with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, are well established, yet an ahistorical, program-specific lens tells little regarding how leaders, University of Oregon Medical School, shaped the common practice elements of contemporary evidence-based BPT. Accordingly, this review summarizes the formative work of Hanf, as well as the core elements, evolution, and extensions of her work, represented in Community Parent Education (COPE; (Cunningham et al. Read More

    Parenting Cognition and Affective Outcomes Following Parent Management Training: A Systematic Review.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Sep;19(3):216-35
    Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
    Parent management training (PMT) is considered the gold standard in the treatment of child behavior problems. The secondary effects of these interventions, particularly on parent well-being, are infrequently studied, despite evidence that parents of children with behavior problems often experience personal difficulties. This narrative review examined the affective and parenting cognition outcomes of PMT for mothers and fathers of children ages 2-13 years, across 48 controlled treatment studies. Read More

    Knowledge of the Unknown Child: A Systematic Review of the Elements of the Best Interests of the Child Assessment for Recently Arrived Refugee Children.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Sep;19(3):185-203
    Department of Special Needs Education and Youth Care, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Decision-making regarding an asylum request of a minor requires decision-makers to determine the best interests of the child when the minor is relatively unknown. This article presents a systematic review of the existing knowledge of the situation of recently arrived refugee children in the host country. This research is based on the General Comment No. Read More

    Engagement in Behavioral Parent Training: Review of the Literature and Implications for Practice.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Sep;19(3):204-15
    Department of Applied Psychology, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 702, New York, NY, 10003, USA.
    Engagement in behavioral parent training (BPT), including enrollment, attrition, attendance, within-session engagement, and homework completion, has long been a critical issue in the literature. Several estimates of various aspects of engagement have been suggested in the literature, but a systematic review of the available literature has never been accomplished. This review examines engagement data across 262 studies of BPT. Read More

    Impact of Social Networking Sites on Children in Military Families.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Sep;19(3):259-69
    Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Suite 2015, Lawrence, KS, 66045-7555, USA.
    Youth in military families experience a relatively unique set of stressors that can put them at risk for numerous psychological and behavior problems. Thus, there is a need to identify potential mechanisms by which children can gain resiliency against these stressors. One potential mechanism that has yet to be empirically studied with military youth is social networking sites (SNSs). Read More

    Racial-Ethnic Protective Factors and Mechanisms in Psychosocial Prevention and Intervention Programs for Black Youth.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 06;19(2):134-61
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Extending previous reviews related to cultural responsiveness in the treatment of ethnic minority youth, the current review provides a critical assessment and synthesis of both basic and applied research on the integration of three racial-ethnic protective factors (racial identity, racial socialization, Africentric worldview) in psychosocial prevention and intervention programs for Black children and adolescents. Seventeen programs meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria were evaluated for the extent to which racial-ethnic protective factors and related mechanisms were integrated, applied, and tested in such programs. A systematic assessment of these programs revealed that several prevention and intervention programs drew upon the three factors, particularly Africentric worldview. Read More

    Emotional Competence and Anxiety in Childhood and Adolescence: A Meta-Analytic Review.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Jun;19(2):162-84
    Kent State University, 600 Hilltop Dr., Kent Hall, Kent, OH, 4424, USA.
    Anxiety is conceptualized as a state of negative emotional arousal that is accompanied by concern about future threat. The purpose of this meta-analytic review was to evaluate the evidence of associations between emotional competence and anxiety by examining how specific emotional competence domains (emotion recognition, emotion expression, emotion awareness, emotion understanding, acceptance of emotion, emotional self-efficacy, sympathetic/empathic responses to others' emotions, recognition of how emotion communication and self-presentation affect relationships, and emotion regulatory processes) relate to anxiety in childhood and adolescence. A total of 185 studies were included in a series of meta-analyses (N's ranged from 573 to 25,711). Read More

    The Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC) Conceptual Model to Promote Mental Health for Adolescents with ASD.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 06;19(2):94-116
    School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia.
    Despite an increased risk of mental health problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there is limited research on effective prevention approaches for this population. Funded by the Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, a theoretically and empirically supported school-based preventative model has been developed to alter the negative trajectory and promote wellbeing and positive mental health in adolescents with ASD. This conceptual paper provides the rationale, theoretical, empirical and methodological framework of a multilayered intervention targeting the school, parents and adolescents on the spectrum. Read More

    Psychological Treatments for Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 06;19(2):77-93
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Goethe University, Varrentrappstr. 40-42, 60486, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
    Meta-analyses of the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in childhood and adolescence are restricted to specific trauma, selected interventions, and methodologically rigorous studies. This large meta-analysis quantifies the effects of psychological treatments for PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents. An extensive literature search yielded a total of 13,040 articles; 135 studies with 150 treatment conditions (N = 9562 participants) met the inclusion criteria (psychological interventions with children and/or adolescents with PTSD symptoms that report quantitative measures of symptom change). Read More

    Dyadic Affective Flexibility and Emotional Inertia in Relation to Youth Psychopathology: An Integrated Model at Two Timescales.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Jun;19(2):117-33
    Department of Psychology, Miami University of Ohio, 90 N Patterson Avenue, Oxford, OH, 45056, USA.
    The current review examines characteristics of temporal affective functioning at both the individual and dyadic level. Specifically, the review examines the following three research questions: (1) How are dyadic affective flexibility and emotional inertia operationalized, and are they related to youth psychopathology? (2) How are dyadic affective flexibility and emotional inertia related, and does this relation occur at micro- and meso-timescales? and (3) How do these constructs combine to predict clinical outcomes? Using the Flex3 model of socioemotional flexibility as a frame, the current study proposes that dyadic affective flexibility and emotional inertia are bidirectionally related at micro- and meso-timescales, which yields psychopathological symptoms for youth. Specific future directions for examining individual, dyadic, and cultural characteristics that may influence relations between these constructs and psychopathology are also discussed. Read More

    Why are Religiousness and Spirituality Associated with Externalizing Psychopathology? A Literature Review.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Mar;19(1):1-20
    Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    This review explores the relation of religiousness and spirituality with externalizing psychopathology in adolescence given the heightened externalizing psychopathology during this developmental period. Utilizing a developmental psychopathology framework, previous literature is reviewed focusing on the diversity of pathways from religiousness and spirituality to externalizing psychopathology at multiple levels of analysis. Moreover, the pathways considered include both intraindividual factors (e. Read More

    Parents' Verbal Communication and Childhood Anxiety: A Systematic Review.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Mar;19(1):55-75
    Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK.
    Parents' verbal communication to their child, particularly the expression of fear-relevant information (e.g., attributions of threat to the environment), is considered to play a key role in children's fears and anxiety. Read More

    Antecedent Strategies to Promote Children's and Adolescents' Compliance with Adult Requests: A Review of the Literature.
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2016 Mar;19(1):39-54
    The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA.
    Compliance with adult requests and directives has often been described as a keystone behavior in children, meaning it is associated with engagement in other desirable and socially appropriate behaviors. As such, a great deal of research has been directed toward identifying strategies that increase compliance in children. Antecedent strategies, which focus on increasing the probability of compliance prior to or during the delivery of the directive or request, are popular because they have the potential to prevent noncompliance; however, it is not clear which of the numerous antecedent strategies are effective or for whom. Read More

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