a Department of Medicine and Aging Science , University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti-Pescara , Chieti , Pescara , Italy.
Objectives: Nordic walking (NW) is widely practiced by postmenopausal women. Its effects are peculiar owing to the involvement of more muscle groups than in traditional walking training (WT). Since mechanical load promotes secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from both skeletal muscle and muscle endothelium, the aim of the study was to compare the effect of NW and WT on VEGF levels. Read More
In pelvic organ prolapse, the anatomical defects develop at the anterior (anterior vaginal wall), the posterior (posterior vaginal wall) and the apical (the uterus/cervix or the apex of the vagina, vaginal vault or cuff scar after hysterectomy) compartments. These defects occur in more than one compartment. Treatment of pelvic organ prolapse is commonly surgical, aiming to restore the anatomy of structures supporting the pelvic organs. Read More
Objective: To assess the effects of isoflavones and 17β-estradiol on the vaginal epithelium extracellular matrix and hyaluronic acid (HA) in the diabetic rat model.
Methods: Sixty adult, virgin, female rats underwent ovariectomy, then randomization into six groups of ten animals each: GI, sham ovariectomized control animals; GII, sham ovariectomized control diabetic animals; GIII, control ovariectomized rats receiving propylene glycol vehicle; GIV, control ovariectomized diabetic animals receiving propylene glycol vehicle; GV, diabetic ovariectomized animals treated with soy isoflavones (150 mg/kg by gavage); GVI, ovariectomized diabetic rats treated with estrogen (17β-estradiol, 10 mg/kg, subcutaneously). Treatment took place over 30 consecutive days. Read More
Objective: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are debilitating chronic intestinal diseases requiring extensive medical intervention. Little is known how IBD symptoms and treatments affect menopause experience and quality of life. The study's goal was to investigate the relationship between IBD and menopause. Read More
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Draft Recommendation statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Primary Prevention for Chronic Diseases, released in May 2017, perpetuates a major disconnect between the primary population affected, women within roughly 10 years of menopause, and the data cited. Furthermore, major elements of the evidence relied upon have been misinterpreted or misstated, particularly in regard to coronary heart disease and breast cancer, for which there is no statistically significant evidence of harm. As currently drafted, the recommendations reiterate the USPSTF statements of 2012, 2005 and 2002, and will perpetuate egregious harm to the public health. Read More
Climacteric 2017 Oct 8;20(5):476-483. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
a Department of Physiology and Health, Cardiff School of Sport , Cardiff Metropolitan University , Cardiff , UK.
Objectives: Cardiovascular function generally decreases with age, but whether this decrease differs between men and women is unclear. Our aims were twofold: (1) to investigate age-related sex differences in left ventricular (LV) structure, function and mechanics, and (2) to compare these measures between pre- and postmenopausal women in the middle-aged group.
Methods: Resting echocardiography was performed in a cross-sectional sample of 82 healthy adults (14 young men, 19 middle-aged men, 15 young women, 34 middle-aged women: 15 premenopausal and 19 postmenopausal). Read More
Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the commonest presenting complaints encountered in a gynecologist's office or primary-care setting. The wider availability of diagnostic tools has allowed prompt diagnosis and treatment of an increasing number of menstrual disorders in an office setting. This White Paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of transvaginal ultrasound, blind endometrial sampling and diagnostic hysteroscopy. Read More
Climacteric 2017 Oct 3;20(5):484-490. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
a Department of Gynecological Endocrinology , Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.
Objective: To assess the 10-year cardiovascular risk in middle-aged Chinese women living in the same community and the impact of reproductive aging and age.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in the Yuetan Community of Beijing. Data on lifestyle habits, prevalence and treatment of chronic diseases with significance for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development were collected by interview. Read More
Objectives: Turner syndrome (TS), resulting from complete/partial X chromosomal monosomy, is associated with multiple co-morbidities and increased mortality. Although multidisciplinary management is recommended, TS women's health care is sub-optimal. This study evaluates a multidisciplinary adult TS service. Read More
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been established as the first-line treatment for women experiencing menopausal symptoms. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), however, is becoming increasingly popular among women at midlife for management of such symptoms. Despite the equivocal evidence of CAM's efficacy in the reduction and alleviation of menopausal symptoms in placebo-controlled, randomized trials, 50% of women at midlife use CAM. Read More
Climacteric 2017 Aug 29;20(4):339-347. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
b Lower Genital Tract Disease Unit , Centro Hospitalar de São João , Porto , Portugal.
Female lichen sclerosus is a chronic inflammatory dermatitis, with a predilection for the anogenital area, which in some cases can become seriously distorted (atrophy of the labia minora, phimosis, introital stenosis, etc.). Most cases are diagnosed in postmenopausal women, but it can affect women of any age. Read More
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women with a lifetime risk of 1 in 8 in the UK. The disease is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The UK breast screening program has been in place for almost 30 years and has evolved with improved diagnostic imaging. Read More
Objectives: To evaluate the expression of four genetic markers (PTEN, BCL2, MLH1, and CTNNB1), linked to endometrial carcinogenesis, in endometrial polyps of patients with and without postmenopausal bleeding in order to determine whether symptomatic endometrial polyps have a genetic phenotype similar to that of endometrial cancer.
Methods: Samples were obtained hysteroscopically from endometrial polyps of postmenopausal patients, and the expression of genetic markers involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer (PTEN, BCL2, MLH1, and CTNNB1) was analyzed. The expression of these markers was then compared between patients with and without symptoms, which was characterized as postmenopausal bleeding. Read More
Sleep is mandatory for life and therefore any sleep deprivation or disruption might carry ill-health outcomes. The optimal night's sleep duration seems to be around 7 h, as too little sleep and too much sleep have been found to be associated with a variety of changes in well-being, physical and psychological parameters. This mini-review enlightens the potential health consequences of sleep disturbance relevant to menopause and midlife women's health. Read More
Objective: The primary aim was to analyze the association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with menopause symptomatology and its overall impact. A secondary/exploratory aim was to assess the association of different components of physical fitness with menopause symptomatology.
Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised 191 perimenopausal women from Southern Spain (age range 45-60 years, mean age 52. Read More
Objective: To evaluate risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors compared with postmenopausal women without breast cancer (controls).
Method: In this study, 112 breast cancer survivors were compared to 224 women (controls). Inclusion criteria were amenorrhea ≥12 months, age 45-75 years, treated for breast cancer, and metastasis-free for at least 5 years. Read More
Objectives: The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a predictive clinical biomarker for different cancers. However, the results of several studies investigating the association between the PLR and the prognosis of ovarian cancer have been inconclusive. Therefore, there is a need to conduct a meta-analysis to estimate the prognostic value of the PLR in ovarian cancer. Read More
Objective: To compare the effects of water-based and land-based physical therapy on postural control of older women with osteoporosis.
Methods: Thirty-six postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were allocated into two groups: land-based or water-based. Volunteers received 12 weeks of a supervised land-based or water-based physical therapy treatment. Read More
Objectives: To observe the effectiveness and safety of menopause-related hormone therapy (MHT) to prevent bone loss in Chinese women during the menopausal transition and early menopause, as well as to evaluate the effects of 5-year MHT on overall health to add Level I evidence for the prevention of osteoporosis using MHT.
Design: This clinical study was a prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel placebo-controlled study. Chinese women in the menopausal transition and early menopause were randomly allocated to the MHT group or the placebo group. Read More
Objectives: To describe implications of premenopausal risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) on quality of life, endocrine symptoms, sexual function, osteoporosis, cardiovascular health, metabolic syndrome, cognitive impairment and safety of hormone replacement therapy.
Methods: We searched the following electronic databases: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and MEDLINE. We selected controlled and uncontrolled trials of premenopausal women undergoing RRSO. Read More
Wide rejection of conventional hormone therapy (HT) after the initial publication of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) led to unjustified use of custom-compounded bioidentical hormones. In the USA, it became an unregulated drug manufacturer industry in disguise, without proper control and making false claims and misleading advertisements. Manufacturing quality is not ensured. Read More
Objective: Elevated fat mass and redistribution of body fat are commonly observed in postmenopausal women. Aquaporin 7 (AQP7), a unique glycerol permeable integral membrane protein, has been associated with the onset of obesity. We hypothesized that estrogen supplementation could counteract this fat accumulation and redistribution through tissue-specific modulation of AQP7. Read More
To date, the world's leading cause of death amongst women is cardiovascular disease. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an unfavorable cardiometabolic profile in early life. Apart from dyslipidemia, obesity and onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus, androgens are thought to influence cardiovascular health. Read More
Climacteric 2017 Aug 28;20(4):306-312. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
f Research Center for Reproductive Medicine, Gynecological Endocrinology and Menopause, IRCCS S. Matteo Foundation, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences , University of Pavia , Pavia , Italy.
Menopausal disorders may include shorter-term symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (vasomotor symptoms, VMS) and longer-term chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), osteoporosis, and cognitive impairment. Initially, no clear link between the shorter-term symptoms and longer-term chronic conditions was evident and these disorders seemed to occur independently from each other. However, there is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that VMS may be a biomarker for chronic disease. Read More
Objectives: The dynamic nature of the skeleton is achieved by a remodeling process. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK) ligand (RANKL) stimulates bone resorption by activating RANK signaling. Therefore it is considered as a candidate gene regulating susceptibility to osteoporosis. Read More
Objectives: To report a woman with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) with reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 5 and 13.
Methods: Chromosomal analysis (G-banding) of a 39-year-old woman with elevated gonadotropin levels and secondary amenorrhea and review of the literature with a special focus on disrupted genes at the reported breakpoints.
Results: A reciprocal translocation between the long arms of chromosomes 5 and 13 was identified in the patient (46,XX,t(5;13)(q13;q14)). Read More
Objectives: Many postmenopausal women suffer from genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) due to the lack of estrogen. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mode of delivery and GSM among postmenopausal women.
Methods: We performed a case-control study of women who had had either vaginal delivery or Cesarean section. Read More
Objectives: Central (hypogonadotropic) hypogonadism in women could be a cause of persistent amenorrhea and hypoestrogenemia as observed in postmenopause. This study aimed to compare the clinical, hormonal and biochemical features in women with non-physiological (central hypogonadism) and physiological (postmenopause) hypoestrogenemia.
Methods: A total of 161 young women, median age 24. Read More
Objectives: The current usage of hormone therapy (HT) among perimenopausal women is low in China, especial in women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) with malignant hematologic diseases. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of HT in POI patients with malignant hematologic diseases who have received myeloablative chemotherapy and hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
Methods: Patients who had POI after myeloablative chemotherapy and HSCT for malignant hematologic diseases were enrolled. Read More
Objectives: To investigate women's subjective experiences in the climacteric transition, especially the impact of self-concept, quality of life and depression on the severity of climacteric symptoms.
Method: Non-experimental, cross-sectional study, purpose sampling. To analyze the results, we proposed a three-way interaction, in which the direct effect of depression on the severity of climacteric symptoms would be buffered by perceived sexual quality of life, and mediated by self-concept. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the determinants of breast density in women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).
Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 163 women with POI undergoing mammography, percent mammographic density (PMD) was evaluated by digitizing the image. PMD was correlated with age, age at menarche, age at POI, time since POI, body mass index (BMI), gestational history and hormone therapy (HT) use (duration, dose, regimen). Read More
Background: Sleep disturbances and pain are assumed to be reciprocally linked. Insomnia and pain are central symptoms of the postmenopausal period and are closely related. Insomnia affects quality of life, increases pain sensitivity, the risk of pain-related disability, and other health problems. Read More
The hot flush is the most characteristic and often the most distressing symptom of the menopause. It is a unique feature and yet the mechanism and health implications are still not fully understood. This review summarizes some of the current thoughts on factors contributing to flushing, the physiological, vascular and neuroendocrine changes associated with flushing and the possible cardiovascular and other health implications for women experiencing hot flushes. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Australian health professionals (HPs) including general practitioners (GPs), gynecologists and endocrinologists, to menopausal hormone therapy (MHT).
Methods: Participants were recruited from medical societies/colleges and a national GP conference. An online survey containing devised and previously published questions was used. Read More
Objective: To verify the efficacy of phytoestrogen supplementation combined with aerobic and resistance training on the improvement of climacteric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in postmenopausal women.
Methods: From a pool of women who had participated in a 1-year intervention study and were randomly assigned to either exercise + phytoestrogen (EX + PHY) or exercise + placebo (EX + PL), a total of 31 healthy but overweight women (mean age 59.2 ± 4. Read More
Objective: Early menopause (EM), menopause before 45 years, affects up to 10% of women. The internet was perceived by women with EM to be the best source of information regarding EM; however, the reality is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the quality and content of easily accessible websites relating to EM. Read More
Objectives: The negative publicity about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has led to increased use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and non-pharmacological interventions (NPI) for menopausal symptom relief. We report on the prevalence and predictors of CAM/NPI among UK postmenopausal women.
Method: Postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years were invited to participate in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). Read More