351,534 results match your criteria Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma


T-cell immunology of the lung: maintaining the balance between host defence and immune pathology.

Authors:
Daniel M Altmann

Immunology 2019 Jan;156(1):1-2

Department of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.

Respiratory immunology poses the dual questions of how to grapple with lung infection as one of the greatest unmet global health needs of our time, while also dealing with the growing challenge posed by chronic diseases of excessive or inappropriate lung inflammation and immunity, such as chronic obstructive lung disease and asthma. These separate branches of pulmonary research are linked by the clear observation that, in a tissue as fragile as the lung, protection from microbial attack may come at the cost of chronic inflammatory damage. A number of recent studies have considered specific aspects of this double-edged sword, including the diversity of responses to fungal exposure, sources and consequences of interleukin-17 immunity, and the role of tertiary lymphoid follicles in the lung. Read More

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January 2019
9 Reads

Predicted short and long-term impact of deworming and water, hygiene, and sanitation on transmission of soil-transmitted helminths.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006758. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research School of Population Health, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Background: Regular preventive chemotherapy (PCT) targeting high-risk populations is an effective way to control STH in the short term, but sustainable long-term STH control is expected to require improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). However, experimental studies have not been able to conclusively demonstrate the benefit of WASH in preventing STH (re-)infections. We investigated the impact of WASH on STH infections during and after PCT using mathematical modelling. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Polysaccharide from a Tunisian red seaweed Chondrus canaliculatus: Structural characteristics, antioxidant activity and in vivo hemato-nephroprotective properties on maneb induced toxicity.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratory of Enzyme engineering and Microbiology, National Engineering School in Sfax, University of Sfax, B.P. 1173, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia. Electronic address:

The present study aims to investigate the physicochemical and the structural features of polysaccharide isolated from the red marine macro alga Chondrus canaliculatus (C.C.P) using FT-IR, gel filtration high-pressure chromatograph, HPLC-FID and solid state C NMR analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Inhibitory effects of polysaccharide from Diaphragma juglandis fructus on α-amylase and α-d-glucosidase activity, streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia model, advanced glycation end-products formation, and HO-induced oxidative damage.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, PR China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China. Electronic address:

In present study, the in vitro and in vivo hemolysis inhibitory, protective effect against reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced oxidative damage in L02 cells, hypoglycemic, and antiglycation activities of DJP-2, a pure polysaccharide fraction from Diaphragma juglandis fructus, were investigated. Results demonstrated that DJP-2 showed remarkable hemolysis inhibitory activity. Pretreatment with DJP-2 markedly weakened the oxidative damage induced by HO in hepatic L02 cells via strengthening the cell viability. Read More

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December 2018

Classic Psychedelics: An integrative review of epidemiology, mystical experience, brain network function, and therapeutics.

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.

The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrative review and offer novel insights regarding human research with classic psychedelics (classic hallucinogens), which are 5HT2AR agonists such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin. Classic psychedelics have been administered as sacraments since ancient times. They were of prominent interest within psychiatry and neuroscience in the 1950s to 1960s, and during this time contributed to the emergence of the field of molecular neuroscience. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Dual combination therapy versus long-acting bronchodilators alone for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012620. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Background: Long-acting bronchodilators such as long-acting β-agonist (LABA), long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), and LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) combinations have been used in people with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to control symptoms such as dyspnoea and cough, and prevent exacerbations. A number of LABA/LAMA combinations are now available for clinical use in COPD. However, it is not clear which group of above mentioned inhalers is most effective or if any specific formulation works better than the others within the same group or class. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Pharmacological interventions for acute hepatitis C infection.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011644. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Sheila Sherlock Liver Centre, Royal Free Hospital and the UCL Institute of Liver and Digestive Health, London, UK.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus that has the potential to cause inflammation of the liver. The traditional definition of acute HCV infection is the first six months following infection with the virus. Another commonly used definition of acute HCV infection is the absence of HCV antibody and subsequent seroconversion (presence of HCV antibody in a person who was previously negative for HCV antibody). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pre-emptive and preventive opioids for postoperative pain in adults undergoing all types of surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012624. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Uttoxeter New Road, Derby, UK, DE22 3DT.

Background: Postoperative pain is a common consequence of surgery and can have deleterious effects. It has been suggested that the administration of opioid analgesia before a painful stimulus may improve pain control. This can be done in two ways. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Visual inspection and dermoscopy, alone or in combination, for diagnosing keratinocyte skin cancers in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011901. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management, to reduce morbidity and to improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is almost always a localised skin cancer with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas a minority of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) and invasive melanomas are higher-risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and cause death. Dermoscopy has become an important tool to assist specialist clinicians in the diagnosis of melanoma, and is increasingly used in primary-care settings. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD013194. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. History-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious lesion by a clinician is usually the first in a series of 'tests' to diagnose skin cancer. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Acupuncture and related interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 2;12:CD011215. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Beom-eu, Meulgeum, Yangsan, Korea, South, 626-870.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compressive neuropathic disorder at the level of the wrist. Acupuncture and other methods that stimulate acupuncture points, such as electroacupuncture, auricular acupuncture, laser acupuncture, moxibustion, and acupressure, are used in treating CTS. Acupuncture has been recommended as a potentially useful treatment for CTS, but its effectiveness remains uncertain. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Oral and intrauterine progestogens for atypical endometrial hyperplasia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 4;12:CD009458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section Three, Ren Min Nan Lu Avenue, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041.

Background: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynaecologic malignancy in the world and develops through preliminary stages of endometrial hyperplasia. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia suggests a significant pre-malignant state with frank progression to endometrial carcinoma, and tends to occur at a young age. Oral progestins have been used as conservative treatment in young women with atypical endometrial hyperplasia, but they are associated with poor tolerability and side effects that may limit their overall efficacy. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) genotype update and proposal of a new genotyping methodology.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208585. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

UAB, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CRESA, IRTA-UAB), Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.

Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) is one of the most widespread viral infections of swine, causing a remarkable economic impact because of direct losses and indirect costs for its control. As other ssDNA viruses, PCV-2 is characterized by a high evolutionary rate, leading to the emergence of a plethora of variants with different biological and epidemiological features. Over time, several attempts have been made to organize PCV-2 genetic heterogeneity in recognized genotypes. Read More

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December 2018

Phosphate effect on filipin production and morphological differentiation in Streptomyces filipinensis and the role of the PhoP transcription factor.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208278. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Area de Microbiología, Departamento de Biología Molecular, Universidad de León, León, Spain.

The biosynthesis of the antifungal filipin in Streptomyces filipinensis is very sensitive to phosphate regulation. Concentrations as low as 2.5 mM block filipin production. Read More

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December 2018

Gender differences in the relationship between alcohol consumption and insomnia in the northern Chinese population.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sanbo Brain Institute, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Insomnia is one of the main symptoms of sleep disorders. Previous studies have suggested that alcohol intake is associated with several adverse health outcomes. The association between alcohol consumption and insomnia has been addressed in several studies with different results. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

The impact of a fine-scale population stratification on rare variant association test results.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207677. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

INSERM, CNRS, UNIV Nantes, l'institut du thorax, Nantes, France.

Population stratification is a well-known confounding factor in both common and rare variant association analyses. Rare variants tend to be more geographically clustered than common variants, because of their more recent origin. However, it is not yet clear if population stratification at a very fine scale (neighboring administrative regions within a country) would lead to statistical bias in rare variant analyses. Read More

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December 2018

Aggressive Angiomyxoma: A Rare Tumor of Male Pelvic Cavity.

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):693-696. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of General Surgery. Ankara University School of Medicine. Ankara. Turkey.

Aggressive angiomyxoma is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing, and locally infiltrative soft tissue neoplasm which is located primarily in the genital region and pelviperineal interstitial tissue of female patient in the fourth decade of life. Its occurrence in male patients is even more unusual and commonly appears at a later age. The mainstay of treatment typically involves surgical excision with tumor-free margins, and despite complete resection, local recurrences are common. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Can early detection prevent venous leg ulceration?

Authors:
Michelle Porter

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S14-S17

Senior Tissue Viability Clinical Nurse Specialist, Lincolnshire Community Health Services NHS Trust.

Venous leg ulceration is the most common form of leg ulceration, affecting 1.5% of the UK adult population. This was reviewed within the latest best practice statement (2016) which set out to create clear guidance on the assessment, management and preventing the reoccurrence of venous leg ulceration. Read More

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December 2018

Immunohistochemical expressionof sodium-dependent glucose transporter - 2 (SGLT-2) in clear cell renal carcinoma: possible prognostic implications.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.

Purpose: Glucose is a major energy resource for tumor cell survival and growth, and its influx into cells is mainly carried out by facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs). Sodium - dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs) have been highlighted as playing important roles in diabetic treatment. However, their potential roles in cancer remain unclear. Read More

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October 2018

Bladder hematoma: a complication from an oocyte retrieval procedure.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fertipraxis-Centro de Reprodução Humana- RJ, Brazil.

Introduction: More than one million fertilization cycles are performed every year. The incidence of serious complications associated with transvaginal oocyte pick-up is low, but the procedure is not risk-free. Risks are inherent to procedures in which thin needles and sharp instruments are introduced into the vaginal wall and ovarian capsule to access the ovaries. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Associations Between Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) and Fungi in Raspberries.

Environ Entomol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.

The invasive vinegar fly, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura, has emerged as one of the most serious arthropod pests of primocane red raspberries (Rubus ideaus L.) in the United States. In raspberries, D. Read More

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December 2018

Gastrointestinal Bleeding During Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support: State of the Field.

Cardiol Rev 2019 Jan/Feb;27(1):8-13

Division of Cardiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467.

Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) are increasingly used for the management of advanced heart failure refractory to optimal medical therapy. Despite the encouraging outcomes with CF-LVADs, gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) continues to be a rather concerning complication resulting in increased rates of readmission and increased morbidity. The exact pathophysiology of CF-LVAD-associated GIB remains poorly understood, and this lack of knowledge limits our ability to control this morbid complication. Read More

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December 2018

Temperature-sensitive origin-binding protein as a tool for investigations of herpes simplex virus activities in vivo.

J Gen Virol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

While it is fairly clear that herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA replication requires at least seven virus-encoded proteins in concert with various host cell factors, the mode of this process in infected cells is still poorly understood. Using HSV-1 mutants bearing temperature-sensitive (ts) lesions in the UL9 gene, we previously found that the origin-binding protein (OBP), a product of the UL9 gene, is only needed in the first 6 hours post-infection. As this finding was just a simple support for the hypothesis of a biphasic replication mode, we became convinced through these earlier studies that the mutants tsR and tsS might represent suitable tools for more accurate investigations in vivo. Read More

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December 2018

Desikacharya gen. nov., a phylogenetically distinct genus of Cyanobacteria along with the description of two new species, Desikacharya nostocoides sp. nov. and Desikacharya soli sp. nov., and reclassification of Nostoc thermotolerans to Desikacharya thermotolerans comb. nov.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2​Department of Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Two Nostoc-like strains have been isolated, purified, cultured and identified on the basis of the polyphasic approach using morphological, ecological, molecular and phylogenetic methods. Both strains were found to have morphology similar to the genus Nostoc, but clustered strongly in a group distant from the Nostocsensu stricto clade. Further analysis, using the folded structures of the 16S-23S ITS region revealed strong differences from closely related members of the genus Nostoc. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The brain network in a model of thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia.

Brain Connect 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Saratovskij nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni N G Cernysevskogo, 64958 , Astrakhanskaya str., 83 , Saratov, Russian Federation , 410012.

Sensory information processing and higher cognitive functions rely on the interactions between thalamus and cortex. Many types of neurological and psychiatric disorders are accompanied or driven by alterations in the brain connectivity. In the present study putative changes in functional and effective cortico-cortical (CC), thalamo-cortical (TC) and cortico-thalamic (CT) connectivity during wakefulness and slow-wave sleep in a model of thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia (TCD), TRIP8b-/- mice and in control (WT) mice are described. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Proteins regulating microvesicle biogenesis and multidrug resistance in cancer.

Authors:
J Taylor M Bebawy

Proteomics 2018 Dec 6:e1800165. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Health, The University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Microvesicles (MV) are emerging as important mediators of intercellular communication. These signalling vectors are implicated in physiological processes ranging from vascular homeostasis to inflammation. They also play an important role in the cancer pathology and progression. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Solving for X: Evidence for sex-specific autism biomarkers across multiple transcriptomic studies.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Centre for Pattern Recognition and Data Analytics (PRaDA), Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a markedly heterogeneous condition with a varied phenotypic presentation. Its high concordance among siblings, as well as its clear association with specific genetic disorders, both point to a strong genetic etiology. However, the molecular basis of ASD is still poorly understood, although recent studies point to the existence of sex-specific ASD pathophysiologies and biomarkers. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Why pesticides with mutagenic, carcinogenic and reproductive risks are registered in Brazil.

Dev World Bioeth 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Brazil is the biggest market for pesticides in the world. In the registration process, a pesticide must be authorized by the Institute of the Environment, Health Surveillance Agency and Ministry of Agriculture. Evaluations follow a package of toxicological studies submitted by the companies and also based on the Brazilian law regarding pesticides. Read More

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December 2018

Access and unprecedented reaction pathways of Li/Cl phosphinidenoid iron(0) complexes.

Dalton Trans 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk Str. 1, D-53121 Bonn, Germany.

Complexes [Fe(CO)4(RPCl2)] (2) (a: R = CPh3, b: R = tBu) were used to generate the first examples of phosphinidenoid iron(0) complexes [Li(12-crown-4)(solv)n][Fe(CO)4(RPCl] (3a,b), characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The bonding situation of 3 was analyzed for a P-Me model complex using DFT calculations. Complex 3a (R = CPh3) reacted with H2O and MeOH to give selectively O-H bond insertion products 5 and 7; for the case of H2O, a multistep electrophilic reaction is supported by detailed DFT calculations. Read More

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December 2018

Gait parameters and characteristics associated with increased risk of falls in people with dementia: a systematic review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Health & Rehabilitation Sciences,University of Western Ontario,London, ON,Canada.

ABSTRACTBackground:People with dementia fall twice as often and have more serious fall-related injuries than healthy older adults. While gait impairment as a generic term is understood as a fall risk factor in this population, a clear elaboration of the specific components of gait that are associated with falls risk is needed for knowledge translation to clinical practice and the development of fall prevention strategies for people with dementia.

Objective: To review gait parameters and characteristics associated with falls in people with dementia. Read More

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December 2018

Extensively thrombosed ectatic circumflex coronary artery fistula presenting as acute coronary syndrome.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center, University Hospital Zurich. Switzerland.

Background: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an abnormal communication between the termination of a coronary artery or its branches and a cardiac chamber, a great vessel or other vascular structure. Symptomatic patients with large CAF should undergo surgical or percutanous closure of the fistula at the drainage site while still the debate on closing asymptomatic CAF and re-openening symptomatic occluded CAF is ongoing.

Case Summary: We are reporting a 30-year-old male patient with no previous medical history presented as non-ST segment elevation myocardial Infarction. Read More

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December 2018

Abstract 4: Safety of Intravenous Thrombolysis Among Patients Taking Direct Oral Anticoagulants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Stroke 2018 Jan;49(Suppl_1):A4

Dept of Neurology, Danville, PA.

Introduction: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are increasingly being administered for atrial fibrillation and stroke prevention. The risk of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (sHT) following intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) among stroke patients who take DOACs is not clear.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of literature through six different resources-PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Clinicaltrial. Read More

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January 2018

Portable, low-cost multispectral imaging system: design, development, validation, and utilization.

J Biomed Opt 2018 Dec;23(12):1-11

Tufts University, Biomedical Engineering, Medford, Massachusetts, United States.

Optical spectral images can be used to estimate the amount of bulk absorbers in tissues, specifically oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin, as well as scattering parameters. Most systems that capture spectral image data are large, heavy, and expensive. This paper presents a full end-to-end analysis of a low-cost reflectance-mode multispectral imaging system operating in the visible and near-infrared spectra. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Printable Fabrication of a Fully Integrated and Self-Powered Sensor System on Plastic Substrates.

Adv Mater 2018 Dec 6:e1804285. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Wearable and portable devices with desirable flexibility, operational safety, and long cruising time, are in urgent demand for applications in wireless communications, multifunctional entertainments, personal healthcare monitoring, etc. Herein, a monolithically integrated self-powered smart sensor system with printed interconnects, printed gas sensor for ethanol and acetone detection, and printable supercapacitors and embedded solar cells as energy sources, is successfully demonstrated in a wearable wristband fashion by utilizing inkjet printing as a proof-of-concept. In such a "wearable wristband", the harvested solar energy can either directly drive the sensor and power up a light-emitting diode as a warning signal, or can be stored in the supercapacitors in a standby mode, and the energy released from supercapacitors can compensate the intermittency of light illumination. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Immune Associated LncRNAs Identify Novel Prognostic Subtypes of Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma.

Mol Carcinog 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad, Dharwad, Karnataka, 580011.

Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) is a significant cause of cancer-related deaths. Here, we aim to identify the LncRNAs associated with the immune system and characterise their clinical utility in KIRC. A total of 504 patients' data was used from TCGA-GDC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
4.808 Impact Factor

Quantitative proteomics using SILAC-MS identifies N-acetylcysteine-solution-triggered reversal response of renal cell carcinoma cell lines.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopedics, Hanzhong Central Hospital, Hanzhong, Shanxi, China.

N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a precursor for glutathione (GSH), causes permeable antioxidation protecting normal cells and disrupting cancer cells. In the present study, we found that a NAC-based medium can trigger a reversal response of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). To further investigate the action of a NAC-based solution in ccRCC cell lines, 786-O and SN12C were incubated in a serum-free acid medium (low pH) in the presence of 2 mM NAC for 24 hours or in a serum-free medium (normal pH) as the control, and then a phenotypic and proteomic analyses were performed. Read More

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December 2018

Extracts of Coleus forskohlii relieves cough and asthma symptoms via modulating inflammation and the extracellular matrix.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Resources and Chemistry of Chinese Medicine, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.

Asthma is characterized by airway inflammatory infiltration, which leads to airway remodeling and airway hyperreactivity. Coleus forskohlii (CFK) has been used to treat asthma, however, the mechanism involved is not clear. To explore the antiasthma mechanism of extracts of Coleus forskohlii (ECFK), guinea pigs were administered with a spray of phosphoric acid histamine, and rats were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA). Read More

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December 2018

Has_circ_0055625 from circRNA profile increases colon cancer cell growth by sponging miR-106b-5p.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNA) are endogenous noncoding RNAs and play important roles in cancer; however, the roles of circRNAs in colon cancer are far from clear. The circRNA expression profile in colon cancer tissues was analyzed by microarray. The data from microarray showed that there were 198 upregulated and 136 downregulated circRNAs in colon cancer tissues. Read More

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December 2018

Downregulation of long noncoding RNA SNHG1 inhibits cell proliferation, metastasis, and invasion by suppressing the Notch-1 signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Central Hospital of Xuzhou, Affiliated to Dongan University, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Pancreatic cancer (PC) has become the fourth most lethal among human cancers. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play a role in the progression of a variety of cancers. However, the role of lncRNA SNHG1 in PC is not clear. Read More

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December 2018

Two ancient neuropeptides, PACAP and AVP, modulate motivated behavior at synapses in the extrahypothalamic brain: a study in contrast.

Cell Tissue Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Section on Molecular Neuroscience, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation, NIMH-IRP, Building 49, Room 5A-32, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, USA.

We examine evolutionary aspects of two primordial neuropeptides, arginine vasopressin (AVP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP); the distribution of AVP and PACAP and their receptors in mammals; AVP and PACAP release patterns relevant to their roles in neuroendocrine control in brain and periphery; and finally the intricate interlocking of homeostatic and allostatic regulation created by extrahypothalamic AVP and PACAP projections to brain circuit nodes important in controlling appetitive, avoidance and aggressive motor responses. A cardinal feature of peptide neurotransmission important in regulatory control of organismic responses and emphasized in this review, is that neuropeptides are released from large dense-core vesicles docked not only within axonal varicosities and dendrites but also at presynaptic nerve terminal sites, along with small clear synaptic vesicles, at active zones. Peptide transmitter nerve terminals, from hypothalamic and other projections, are distributed widely to multiple brain areas important in integrative control of behavior. Read More

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December 2018

The past decade in type 2 diabetes and future challenges.

Hormones (Athens) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Princess Royal University Hospital, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 6B Durham Road, Bromley, London, BR2 0SG, UK.

There is today an exponential increase in prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially in young people. This downward shift in age of onset of T2DM has been shown by abundant evidence to be due to an increase in obesity among the young, the latter mainly attributable to unhealthy dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle. It is therefore obvious that the prevention of diabetes rather its treatment is of is paramount importance. Read More

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December 2018

Structured versus narrative reporting of pelvic MRI in perianal fistulizing disease: impact on clarity, completeness, and surgical planning.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Abdominal Imaging/Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Objective: To evaluate clarity, completeness, and impact on surgical planning of MRI reporting of perianal fistulizing disease using a structured disease-specific template versus narrative reporting for planning of disease treatment by colorectal surgeons.

Materials And Methods: In this HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved study with waiver of informed consent, a structured reporting template for perianal fistulizing disease MRIs was developed based on collaboration between colorectal surgeons and abdominal radiologists. The study population included 45 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic MRI for perianal fistulizing disease prior to implementation of structured reporting, and 60 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic MRI for perianal fistulizing disease after implementation of structured reporting. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Sympathetic nervous system as a target for aging and obesity-related cardiovascular diseases.

Geroscience 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Physiological Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 277 McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK, 74078, USA.

Chronic sympathetic nervous system overactivity is a hallmark of aging and obesity and contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and heart failure. The cause of this chronic sympathoexcitation in aging and obesity is multifactorial and centrally mediated. In this mini-review, we have provided an overview of the key and emerging central mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of sympathoexcitation in obesity and healthy aging, specifically focusing on hypertension. Read More

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December 2018

Neuroprotective Autophagic Flux Induced by Hyperbaric Oxygen Preconditioning is Mediated by Cystatin C.

Neurosci Bull 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.

We have previously reported that Cystatin C (CysC) is a pivotal mediator in the neuroprotection induced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning; however, the underlying mechanism and how CysC changes after stroke are not clear. In the present study, we demonstrated that CysC expression was elevated as early as 3 h after reperfusion, and this was further enhanced by HBO preconditioning. Concurrently, LC3-II and Beclin-1, two positive-markers for autophagy induction, exhibited increases similar to CysC, while knockdown of CysC blocked these elevations. Read More

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December 2018
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Vibrotactile feedback improves balance and mobility in patients with severe bilateral vestibular loss.

J Neurol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Balance Disorders, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Health Medicine and Life Sciences, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

The impact of vibrotactile feedback of the gravity vector, provided by a "balance" belt worn around the waist, was evaluated in 39 patients with a severe bilateral vestibular loss, confirmed by extensive laboratory testing and suffering from a low quality of life, mainly due to imbalance. The mobility and balance score (MBS) of all patients prior to the use of the belt was equal or less than 5 out of a scale of 10. Thirty-one out of the 39 patients experienced the effect of the belt on their balance and mobility as positive in a preselection trial of 2 h in the hospital. Read More

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December 2018
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Risk factors for potential pulmonary embolism in the patients with deep venous thrombosis: a retrospective study.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Digital Subtraction Room, Tianjin Hospital, No. 406, south liberation road, Hexi district, Tianjin, 300211, China.

Introduction: The risk factors for the detachment of big thrombi from the vessel wall in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) are still not clear, which are potential risks for pulmonary embolism (PE). This study was aimed to identify the risk factors for big thrombi detaching from the vessel wall in the patients with lower extremity DVT and to identify the role of the lower limb immobilization.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patients whose inferior vena cava (IVC) filter were removed in our hospital. Read More

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December 2018
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Malignant transformation of adenomyosis: literature review and meta-analysis.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Purpose: To review and analyze risk factors and the pathology of malignant transformation of adenomyosis.

Methods: In this paper, the relevant research on current risks factors and the pathology of malignant transformation of adenomyosis was reviewed and analyzed by metaanalysis. All studies included were retrieved from the PUBMED. Read More

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December 2018