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    1 OF 17

    [Malalignment of the first ray : Clinical and radiological diagnostics].
    Orthopade 2017 Mar 30. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Fachzentrum für Fuß und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, FIFA Medical Centre, Harlachinger Str. 51, 81547, München, Deutschland.
    Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Read More

    Short-term effect of scalpel debridement of plantar callosities versus treatment with salicylic acid patches: The EMEDESCA randomized controlled trial.
    J Dermatol 2016 Dec 24. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Malaga, Spain.
    This study compares scalpel debridement versus salicylic acid patches in the treatment of plantar callosities. A randomized clinical trial (ACTRN12614000591651) was performed with 62 patients, divided into two intervention groups. Group A received treatment with salicylic acid patches (Callívoro Marthand(®) ) and group B underwent scalpel debridement of plantar callosities. Read More

    Shortening Oblique Osteotomy with Screw Fixation for Correction of the Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joints of Rheumatoid Forefoot.
    Acta Med Okayama 2016 Dec;70(6):477-483
    Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558,
    The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. Read More

    A new genus and species of Tettigarctidae from the Mesozoic of northeastern China (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadoidea).
    Zookeys 2016 16(632):47-55. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Linyi University, Shuangling Rd., Linyi 276000, China.
    A new genus Maculaprosbole of Tettigarctidae with a new species Maculaprosbole zhengi is described based on a complete fossil forewing from the Mesozoic of northeastern China. Due to its broad costal area and clavus, Maculaprosbole zhengigen. et sp. Read More

    Does the use of high-heeled shoes lead to fore-foot pathology? A controlled cohort study comprising 197 women.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2016 Dec 14;22(4):239-243. Epub 2015 Nov 14.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically.

    Methods: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. Read More

    Comparison of Postoperative Height Changes of the Second Metatarsal Among 3 Osteotomy Methods for Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction.
    Foot Ankle Int 2017 Jan 30;38(1):20-26. Epub 2016 Sep 30.
    3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
    Background: We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO).

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015. Each osteotomy was performed with 20 degrees of plantar ward obliquity. Read More

    Taxonomic review of tropical western Atlantic shallow water Drilliidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea) including descriptions of 100 new species.
    Zootaxa 2016 Mar 14;4090(1):1-363. Epub 2016 Mar 14.
    Research Associate Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA.; Email:
    A review of the literature and examination of over 3,200 specimens of shallow water (<200 m) tropical western Atlantic (TWA) Drilliidae Olson, 1964 in museum and private collections has resulted in the recognition of numerous previously undescribed species, 100 of which are proposed here for the first time. A total of 65 names were found in the literature. Of these, 48 are considered valid, 16 synonyms, and one nomen dubium. Read More

    Estimate of genetic gain in popcorn after cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection.
    Genet Mol Res 2016 May 20;15(2). Epub 2016 May 20.
    Departmento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
    Popcorn is widely consumed in Brazil, yet there are few breeding programs for this crop. Recurrent selection (RS) is a viable breeding alternative for popcorn; however, the gains achieved must be frequently checked. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of selection for grain type (round and pointed) after four cycles of phenotypic RS on the main agronomic traits of popcorn, to estimate the genetic gain achieved for the trait of expansion volume (EV), and to obtain estimates of phenotypic correlations for the main traits of the crop in the UFLA E and UFLA R populations. Read More

    Association between preoperative pain intensity of MTP joint callosities of the lesser toes and fore-mid-hindfoot deformities in rheumatoid arthritis cases.
    Mod Rheumatol 2017 Jan 16;27(1):50-53. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    a Department of Orthopaedics , Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine , Japan.
    Objectives: To determine whether preoperative pain intensity in callosities of the lesser toe metatarsopharangeal (MTP) joint was associated with the grade of fore-mid-hindfoot deformities, because rheumatoid arthritis (RA) foot deformity includes the whole part of foot, and curiously differences between cases in the pain intensity of MTP joint callosities are often observed.

    Methods: We evaluated 24 feet that had undergone forefoot surgery [August, 2014 - December, 2015] for painful lesser toe MTP joint deformity (callosities) in RA cases. A preoperative self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) and pressure distribution information for foot function were also investigated. Read More

    Clinical pearl: the squeeze maneuver.
    Cutis 2016 Mar;97(3):202;204
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA.
    Plantar warts can be distinguished from calluses using the squeeze maneuver, a quick and easy method to diagnose plantar warts. This technique negates the need for an expensive diagnostic tool. Read More

    Association of Metatarsalgia After Hallux Valgus Correction With Relative First Metatarsal Length.
    Foot Ankle Int 2016 Jun 27;37(6):582-8. Epub 2016 Feb 27.
    Deparment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Background: Metatarsalgia is frequently associated with hallux valgus. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the relative length and position of the first metatarsal head influenced metatarsalgia and plantar callosities beneath the lesser metatarsal heads.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data and radiographs of 102 cases was performed at a mean follow-up of 16 months after biplane interlocking osteotomies. Read More

    Instrument-related Skin Disorders in Musicians.
    Dermatitis 2016 Jan-Feb;27(1):26-9
    From the Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
    Background: Among artists, musicians may suffer from occupational skin problems; notwithstanding, these conditions have been rarely reviewed. The characteristics of individual performer and the type of instrument will determine the kind of disease. Moreover, the hours that the musician spent to advance artistic skill may influence the severity. Read More

    Pressure and Friction Injuries in Primary Care.
    Prim Care 2015 Dec 14;42(4):631-44. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Penn State Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.
    Pressure and friction injuries are common throughout the lifespan. A detailed history of the onset and progression of friction and pressure injuries is key to aiding clinicians in determining the underlying mechanism behind the development of the injury. Modifying or removing the forces that are creating pressure or friction is the key to both prevention and healing of these injuries. Read More

    The Impact of Feet Callosities, Arm Posture, and Usage of Electrolyte Wipes on Body Composition by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Morbidly Obese Adults.
    Obes Facts 2015 20;8(6):364-72. Epub 2015 Nov 20.
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Objective: This study evaluated the impact of feet callosities, arm posture, and use of electrolyte wipes on body composition measurements by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in morbidly obese adults.

    Methods: 36 morbidly obese patients (13 males, aged 28-70 years, BMI 41.6 ± 4. Read More

    Comparison of Gait Features Between Feet With Callus or Corns and Normal Feet Using Motion Sensors in People With Diabetes and People Without Diabetes.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015 Nov 17;10(2):614-5. Epub 2015 Nov 17.
    Department of Life Support Technology (Molten), Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

    Efficacy of botulinum toxin in pachyonychia congenita type 1: report of two new cases.
    Dermatol Ther 2016 Jan-Feb;29(1):32-6. Epub 2015 Oct 7.
    Department of Dermatology, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
    Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a rare genodermatosis caused by a mutation in keratin genes, which can lead to hypertrophic nail dystrophy and focal palmoplantar keratoderma (predominantly plantar), amongst other manifestations. Painful blisters and callosities, sometimes exacerbated by hyperhidrosis, are major issues that can have a significant impact on patient quality of life. Many alternative treatments for this condition have been applied with variable and partial clinical response, but a definitive cure for this disease has yet to be discovered. Read More

    A comparison of types and thicknesses of adhesive felt padding in the reduction of peak plantar pressure of the foot: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2015 Sep 24;9:203. Epub 2015 Sep 24.
    School of Health, The University of Northampton, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK.
    Introduction: This case report will have implications for any area of medicine that aims to redistribute plantar pressure away from a particular area of the foot. This could be for example in the short-term care of people with diabetes, people who have insensate feet and people with poor blood supply to the foot coupled with plantar ulceration. The aim of the study was to investigate which type and thickness of Hapla felt padding is the most effective at redistributing plantar pressure of the foot. Read More

    Foot deformities, function in the lower extremities, and plantar pressure in patients with diabetes at high risk to develop foot ulcers.
    Diabet Foot Ankle 2015 17;6:27593. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Objective: Foot deformities, neuropathy, and dysfunction in the lower extremities are known risk factors that increase plantar peak pressure (PP) and, as a result, the risk of developing foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. However, knowledge about the prevalence of these factors is still limited. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of risk factors observed in patients with diabetes without foot ulcers and to explore possible connections between the risk factors and high plantar pressure. Read More

    Skin diseases in musicians.
    Eur J Dermatol 2015 Sep-Oct;25(5):375-83
    Department of Occupational Diseases Paris University Hospital, Centre COCHIN, AP-HP 27 rue du Fb St Jacques 75014 Paris, France, Rehabilitation - Evaluation - Reintegration (RER) Department of Occupational Health and Reintegration 104 Boulevard Raymond Poincaré 92380 Garches.
    Instrumental musicians are a risk group for skin diseases. A systematic review was performed on Pubmed database and in the musical literature. Most publications on dermatoses in musicians are case reports. Read More

    Surgical management of the forefoot in patients with rheumatoid arthritis - a review article.
    Open Orthop J 2015 31;9:78-83. Epub 2015 Mar 31.
    University College London Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, London, HA7 4LP, UK.
    Foot and ankle pathologies cause a significant disease burden on rheumatoid patients. Forefoot pathologies causes pain, callosities and possibly ulceration, and can cause problems with footwear. Forefoot correction in rheumatoid patients has historically comprised of excision of diseased joints. Read More

    Camptodactyly and knuckle pads coexisting in an adolescent boy: connection or coincidence?
    Pediatr Dermatol 2015 May-Jun;32(3):e126-7. Epub 2015 Mar 17.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Camptodactyly is a condition characterized by a nontraumatic, fixed flexion contracture at the proximal interphalangeal joint, typically involving the fifth finger. Most occurrences are sporadic, but autosomal dominant transmission and syndromic associations have been described in the literature. We describe the case of an adolescent boy who presented to our clinic with a 2-year history of bilateral, nonsyndromic camptodactyly and knuckle pads. Read More

    Foot and ankle problems in Thai monks.
    J Med Assoc Thai 2015 Jan;98(1):71-6
    Background: Foot and ankle problems in Thai monks have not been explored. This is an unshod population, and its members have a unique lifestyle living among others in our modern era. Beginning at their ordainment, they follow strict rules about barefoot walking, the amount of daily walking, and their sitting position, practices that theoretically can increase their risk of developing foot and ankle problems. Read More

    Foot and ankle problems in Muay Thai kickboxers.
    J Med Assoc Thai 2015 Jan;98(1):65-70
    Background: Muay Thai kickboxing is a common sport that uses the foot and ankle in fighting. Muay Thai kickboxing trainees usually receive training in Thailand Foot and ankle problems in this group ofpeople who usually train barefoot remain unexplored

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of common foot and ankle problems in Muay Thai kick boxers.

    Material And Method: The present study is a cross-sectional survey of Muay Thai kick boxers practicing in northern Thailand. Read More

    Orangutans (Pongo spp.) have deeper, more efficient sleep than baboons (Papio papio) in captivity.
    Am J Phys Anthropol 2015 Jul 7;157(3):421-7. Epub 2015 Mar 7.
    Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 47405.
    The nightly construction of arboreal sleeping platforms or "nests" has been observed among every great ape population studied to date. However, this behavior has never been reported in any other nonhuman primate and comparisons between ape and monkey sleep illuminate the link between sleeping substrates, positional behavior, and sleep efficiency. Here, we compare sleep depth and efficiency and night-time positional behavior between a large-bodied cercopithecoid (Papio papio) and a large-bodied hominoid (Pongo spp. Read More

    Complete mitochondrial genome of leaf coral Pavona decussata (Scleractinia, Agariciidae).
    Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2016 Sep 29;27(5):3126-7. Epub 2015 Jan 29.
    a Laboratory of Marine Biology and Ecology , Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration , Xiamen , P.R. China and.
    The leaf coral Pavona decussate is a wide-spread shallow-water species of genus Pavona within Agariciidae. In our study, the entire mitochondrial nucleotide sequence of P. decussate was determined. Read More

    Changes in the parameters of gait after a mechanical debridement of a plantar callosities.
    J Tissue Viability 2015 Feb 5;24(1):12-6. Epub 2015 Jan 5.
    Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.
    Introduction: Plantar callosities are a common cause of pain in the forefoot and also a cause of alterations in plantar pressure. Mechanical debridement with a scalpel can relieve pain and increase functional capacity.

    Objective: The aim of the study was to analyse if debridement of plantar callosities and corns modify walking. Read More

    A novel modification of the Stainsby procedure: surgical technique and clinical outcome.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2014 Dec 15;20(4):262-7. Epub 2014 Jul 15.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Galway University Hospitals, Ireland.
    Background: The 'Stainsby procedure' is an effective salvage procedure for correction of fixed claw toe deformity. A novel approach is described involving the extensor tenotomy step of the procedure, which is easier, faster and safer to perform.

    Methods: A retrospective single surgeon review was performed to assess this modification. Read More

    The diagnostic value of pedobarography.
    Orthopedics 2014 Dec;37(12):e1063-7
    Pedobarography can quantify static and dynamic foot pressure. Despite an increase in the clinical use of pedobarography, the results and the clinical diagnosis do not always correlate, leading to confusion and misdiagnosis. The authors evaluated the potential of pedobarography to diagnose several diseases associated with abnormal pressure across the plantar surface. Read More

    Efficacy of intralesional bleomycin for the treatment of plantar hard corns.
    Int J Dermatol 2014 Dec;53(12):e572-7
    Department of Dermatology, The Armed Forces Hongcheon Hospital, Hongcheon, South Korea.
    Background: Intralesional bleomycin is effective for the treatment of various dermatologic conditions. However, the efficacy of intralesional bleomycin for the treatment of corns has not been established.

    Methods: A total of 50 patients with plantar corns were recruited and equally divided between groups A and B. Read More

    Preference of surgical procedure for the forefoot deformity in the rheumatoid arthritis patients--A prospective, randomized, internal controlled study.
    Mod Rheumatol 2015 May 8;25(3):362-6. Epub 2014 Oct 8.
    Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Medical School , Osaka , Japan.
    Objectives: The deformed rheumatoid forefoot may be treated with resection of lesser metatarsal heads combined with arthrodesis or resection of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Recurrent hallux valgus deformity has been reported by resection. We performed a prospective, randomized, internal-controlled study to compare results between arthrodesis and resection. Read More

    A new species of Opecarcinus Kropp & Manning, 1987 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Cryptochiridae) associated with the stony corals Pavona clavus (Dana, 1846) and P. bipartita Nemenzo, 1980 (Scleractinia: Agariciidae).
    Zootaxa 2014 Sep 29;3869(1):44-52. Epub 2014 Sep 29.
    Department of Marine Zoology, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Darwinweg 2, 2333 CR Leiden, The Netherlands.; Email:
    A new species of Opecarcinus Kropp & Manning, 1987, is described from Indonesia and Malaysia. Opecarcinus cathyae sp. nov. Read More

    Percutaneous dorsal closing wedge osteotomy of the metatarsal neck in management of metatarsalgia.
    Foot (Edinb) 2014 Dec 18;24(4):180-5. Epub 2014 Aug 18.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, North District Hospital, 9 Po Kin Road, Sheung Shui, NT, Hong Kong SAR. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Metatarsalgia can be caused by plantarflexion of a central metatarsal or discrepancies in the metatarsals' length. Nonsurgical management is usually sufficient to achieve satisfactory results. For those recalcitrant cases, metatarsal osteotomy is needed to relieve the pain. Read More

    Calcaneal "Z" osteotomy effect on hindfoot varus after triple arthrodesis in a cadaver model.
    Foot Ankle Int 2014 Dec 14;35(12):1350-7. Epub 2014 Aug 14.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Background: Triple arthrodesis involves subtalar, talonavicular, and calcaneocuboid joint fusion and is performed to relieve pain and correct deformity. Complications include malunion resulting in equinovarus and lateral column overload, which can lead to painful callosities and stress fractures. This study quantified the effectiveness of a closing-wedge calcaneal "Z" osteotomy for correction of the varus condition and reduction of abnormal loading of the lateral border of the foot. Read More

    The Sharpshooter Genus Geitogonalia Young: Descriptions of a New Brazilian Species and of the Female of Geitogonalia quatuordecimmaculata (Taschenberg) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae).
    Neotrop Entomol 2014 Aug 22;43(4):373-9. Epub 2014 May 22.
    Depto de Zoologia, Setor de Ciências Biológicas, Univ Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
    The sharpshooter genus Geitogonalia Young was so far known from a single species from Southeastern Brasil-Geitogonalia quatuordecimmaculata (Taschenberg). A new species, Geitogonalia viridis, is described and illustrated in this paper based on males and females from the state of Rio de Janeiro. In addition, the female of G. Read More

    Digital and interdigital corns: a report of two cases with use of hyaluronic acid gel filler.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2014 Jul;104(4):413-6
    Digital and interdigital corns are common painful foot conditions encountered by podiatrists during the course of their practice. These corns can often be treated with conservative techniques, although they tend to eventually recur. Currently, no single treatment exists that is efficient, long-lasting, minimally invasive, and easy to administer. Read More

    Werner syndrome: clinical evaluation of two cases and a novel mutation.
    Genet Couns 2014 ;25(2):119-27
    Werner syndrome (WS) is a premature aging disorder, inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern and caused by the mutation in the WRN gene. In this report we describe two male patients with negative family history who demonstrate characteristic findings of WS, with different mutations, including one novel mutation. The first case was a 47-year-old man who had been suffering from large, ischemic ulcers on both legs for 7 years. Read More

    Foot Injuries Among Hajj Pilgrims with and Without Diabetes Mellitus: Implications for Infection Management.
    Infect Disord Drug Targets 2014 ;14(2):140-7
    Pilgrims attending Hajj in Makkah are at high risk of suffering from trauma and foot injury as they are required to make circuits barefooted on scorching marbles around the Holy Mosque, and march between two hillocks for hours. No study has systematically described the pattern of foot wounds among them. This observational study aimed to determine the spectrum of foot injuries among diabetic and non-diabetic Hajj pilgrims and the preventive measures adopted by them. Read More

    The shallow-water New Caledonia Drilliidae of genus Clavus Montfort, 1810 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea).
    Zootaxa 2014 Jun 18;3818:1-69. Epub 2014 Jun 18.
    A.N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninski Prospect 33, Moscow 119071, Russia.; Email: unknown.
    Species of the genus Clavus of the conoidean family Drilliidae that occur in the littoral and shallow waters of New Caledonia are here revised. This study is based primarily on recent expedition material from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (New Caledonia) and Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (France). A total of 22 species is recorded, of which eight are described as new. Read More

    A case of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome presented with psychiatric features.
    Behav Neurol 2014 10;2014:830874. Epub 2014 Mar 10.
    College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.
    We report a case of a 34-year-old male who presented with an acute onset of pleomorphic psychiatric features. Upon examination we later diagnosed him with Gorlin-Goltz syndrome based on clinical and radiological findings that are characteristic for this rare autosomal dominant syndrome. His psychiatric manifestations included irritability, aggressive behavior, labile mood, hallucinations, paranoid delusions, and transient cognitive impairment. Read More

    Computer assisted planning and custom-made surgical guide for malunited pronation deformity after first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis: a case report.
    Comput Aided Surg 2014 10;19(1-3):13-9. Epub 2014 Apr 10.
    Department of Orthopaedics, National Hospital Organization, Osaka Minami Medical Center , Osaka .
    Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP-1) joint is a widely used procedure for the treatment of hallux valgus in patients with MTP-1 degeneration, severe or recurrent deformity, or inflammatory arthritis. In this case, ten years earlier, the patient's MTP-1 joint had been fused in a severe pronation deformity position. Subsequently, a laterally shifted tibial sesamoid and osseous rising of the phalanx base caused painful callosities. Read More

    In vitro differential diagnosis of clavus and verruca by a predictive model generated from electrical impedance.
    PLoS One 2014 4;9(4):e93647. Epub 2014 Apr 4.
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Similar clinical appearances prevent accurate diagnosis of two common skin diseases, clavus and verruca. In this study, electrical impedance is employed as a novel tool to generate a predictive model for differentiating these two diseases.

    Materials And Methods: We used 29 clavus and 28 verruca lesions. Read More

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