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    1 OF 17

    Morphology of hindwing veins in the shield bug Graphosoma italicum (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae).
    Arthropod Struct Dev 2018 Apr 20. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    Evolutionary Biology of Invertebrates, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Light, fluorescence, and electron microscopy were applied to cross sections and -breakage and whole-mount preparations of the anterior hindwing vein of the shield bug Graphosoma italicum. These analyses were complemented by investigations of the basal part of the forewing Corium and Clavus. The integration of structural, histological, and fluorescence data revealed a complex arrangement of both rigid and elastic structures in the wall of wing veins and provided insights into the constitution of transition zones between rigid and elastic regions. Read More

    Outcomes of Resection and Joint-Preserving Arthroplasty for Forefoot Deformities for Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    Foot Ankle Int 2018 Mar 7;39(3):292-299. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.
    Background: We investigated the clinical outcomes of resection and joint-preserving arthroplasty for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

    Methods: Sixteen feet of 14 women (average age, 67.1 years; range, 53-82) underwent resection arthroplasty of the metatarsal head (resection group), and 18 feet of 15 women (average age, 61. Read More

    Effectiveness of the Cobb-Stainsby excision arthroplasty.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Feb 25;24(1):49-53. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Crownhill, Plymouth, Devon PL6 8DH, United Kingdom.
    Background: Dislocated metatarsophalangeal joints from clawed or hammer toes can be a disabling consequence of several conditions. The Cobb-Stainsby forefoot arthroplasty combines partial phalangectomy (Stainsby) with extensor tendon transfer to the metatarsal head (Cobb). We present a retrospective, three surgeon case series of 215 toes in 126 patients. Read More

    [Arthrodesis of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint by Locking Plate].
    Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2017 ;84(6):453-461
    Oddělení klinické ortopedie, Úrazová nemocnice, Brno.
    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The authors in their paper evaluate a group of patients who underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint using a locking plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period 2010-2015, we performed surgery in 51 patients (56 forefeet), of which in 5 cases bilaterally and in 46 cases unilaterally, in 38 women and 13 men. The mean age was 57. Read More

    Milk-flow data collected routinely in an automatic milking system: an alternative to milking-time testing in the management of teat-end condition?
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 11;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. Read More

    Clinical photographic observation of plantar corns and callus associated with a nominal scale classification and inter- observer reliability study in a student population.
    J Foot Ankle Res 2017 12;10:45. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Spire Hospital Little Aston, Little Aston Hall Lane, B7 3UP, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands UK.
    Background: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. Read More

    [Clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Sep;97(35):2737-2741
    Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.
    To analyze the clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia. From September 2011 to November, a total of 21 patients(30 feets)with transfer metatarsalgia of hallux valgus and underwent the simple hallux valgus surgery without lateral metatarsal shortening osteotomy In Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled in the study.The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA) , AOFAS scale and analogue score (VAS) were measured pre-operation and a half year, one year, two years after operation. Read More

    Foot disorders in the elderly: A mini-review.
    Dis Mon 2018 Mar 20;64(3):64-91. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
    Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain.. Electronic address:
    Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care. Read More

    Mucocutaneous Manifestations in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-sectional Study from Eastern India.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug;62(4):411-417
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
    Background: Cutaneous manifestations are fairly common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and they can help in early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and hence reduced morbidity from the disease.

    Aims: The objective of the present study was to find out the different patterns of dermatoses in a group of patients with RA from Eastern India.

    Methodology: Consecutive patients fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of RA and who had different dermatoses were included in this cross-sectional study done over a period of 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Read More

    Occupational Dermatoses among Cottage Industry Workers of Kashmir Valley in North India.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 May-Jun;8(3):181-185
    Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    Introduction: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. Read More

    [Malalignment of the first ray : Clinical and radiological diagnostics].
    Orthopade 2017 May;46(5):388-394
    Fachzentrum für Fuß und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, FIFA Medical Centre, Harlachinger Str. 51, 81547, München, Deutschland.
    Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Read More

    New production process of the antifungal chaetoglobosin A using cornstalks.
    Braz J Microbiol 2017 Jul - Sep;48(3):410-418. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Chaetoglobosin A is an antibacterial compound produced by Chaetomium globosum, with potential application as a biopesticide and cancer treatment drug. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing cornstalks to produce chaetoglobosin A by C. globosum W7 in solid-batch fermentation and to determine an optimal method for purification of the products. Read More

    Short-term effect of scalpel debridement of plantar callosities versus treatment with salicylic acid patches: The EMEDESCA randomized controlled trial.
    J Dermatol 2017 Jun 24;44(6):706-709. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Malaga, Spain.
    This study compares scalpel debridement versus salicylic acid patches in the treatment of plantar callosities. A randomized clinical trial (ACTRN12614000591651) was performed with 62 patients, divided into two intervention groups. Group A received treatment with salicylic acid patches (Callívoro Marthand ) and group B underwent scalpel debridement of plantar callosities. Read More

    Shortening Oblique Osteotomy with Screw Fixation for Correction of the Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joints of Rheumatoid Forefoot.
    Acta Med Okayama 2016 Dec;70(6):477-483
    Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558,
    The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. Read More

    A new genus and species of Tettigarctidae from the Mesozoic of northeastern China (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadoidea).
    Zookeys 2016 16(632):47-55. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Linyi University, Shuangling Rd., Linyi 276000, China.
    A new genus of Tettigarctidae with a new species is described based on a complete fossil forewing from the Mesozoic of northeastern China. Due to its broad costal area and clavus, et can be attributed to the subfamily Cicadoprosbolinae. This genus is similar to the genera and in coloration pattern and forewing venation, respectively. Read More

    Spatial Distribution of Selected Chemical Cell Wall Components in the Embryogenic Callus of Brachypodium distachyon.
    PLoS One 2016 28;11(11):e0167426. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Plant Anatomy and Cytology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.
    Brachypodium distachyon L. Beauv. (Brachypodium) is a species that has become an excellent model system for gaining a better understanding of various areas of grass biology and improving plant breeding. Read More

    Does the use of high-heeled shoes lead to fore-foot pathology? A controlled cohort study comprising 197 women.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2016 Dec 14;22(4):239-243. Epub 2015 Nov 14.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically.

    Methods: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. Read More

    Factors Associated With Callus in Patients with Diabetes, Focused on Plantar Shear Stress During Gait.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2016 11 1;10(6):1353-1359. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: The aim of this study is to identify whether plantar shear stress in neuropathic patients with diabetes with callus is increased compared with those without callus.

    Method: The differences in foot deformity, limited joint mobility, repetitive stress of walking, and ill-fitting shoes between patients with callus and those without callus were also determined. Subjects were recruited from the Diabetic Foot Outpatient Clinic. Read More

    Comparison of Postoperative Height Changes of the Second Metatarsal Among 3 Osteotomy Methods for Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction.
    Foot Ankle Int 2017 Jan 30;38(1):20-26. Epub 2016 Sep 30.
    3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
    Background: We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO).

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015. Each osteotomy was performed with 20 degrees of plantar ward obliquity. Read More

    Taxonomic review of tropical western Atlantic shallow water Drilliidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea) including descriptions of 100 new species.
    Zootaxa 2016 Mar 14;4090(1):1-363. Epub 2016 Mar 14.
    Research Associate Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA.; Email:
    A review of the literature and examination of over 3,200 specimens of shallow water (<200 m) tropical western Atlantic (TWA) Drilliidae Olson, 1964 in museum and private collections has resulted in the recognition of numerous previously undescribed species, 100 of which are proposed here for the first time. A total of 65 names were found in the literature. Of these, 48 are considered valid, 16 synonyms, and one nomen dubium. Read More

    Estimate of genetic gain in popcorn after cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection.
    Genet Mol Res 2016 May 20;15(2). Epub 2016 May 20.
    Departmento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
    Popcorn is widely consumed in Brazil, yet there are few breeding programs for this crop. Recurrent selection (RS) is a viable breeding alternative for popcorn; however, the gains achieved must be frequently checked. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of selection for grain type (round and pointed) after four cycles of phenotypic RS on the main agronomic traits of popcorn, to estimate the genetic gain achieved for the trait of expansion volume (EV), and to obtain estimates of phenotypic correlations for the main traits of the crop in the UFLA E and UFLA R populations. Read More

    Association between preoperative pain intensity of MTP joint callosities of the lesser toes and fore-mid-hindfoot deformities in rheumatoid arthritis cases.
    Mod Rheumatol 2017 Jan 16;27(1):50-53. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    a Department of Orthopaedics , Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine , Japan.
    Objectives: To determine whether preoperative pain intensity in callosities of the lesser toe metatarsopharangeal (MTP) joint was associated with the grade of fore-mid-hindfoot deformities, because rheumatoid arthritis (RA) foot deformity includes the whole part of foot, and curiously differences between cases in the pain intensity of MTP joint callosities are often observed.

    Methods: We evaluated 24 feet that had undergone forefoot surgery [August, 2014 - December, 2015] for painful lesser toe MTP joint deformity (callosities) in RA cases. A preoperative self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) and pressure distribution information for foot function were also investigated. Read More

    The evaluation of three treatments for plantar callus: a three-armed randomised, comparative trial using biophysical outcome measures.
    Trials 2016 05 17;17(1):251. Epub 2016 May 17.
    Reckitt Benckiser, Hull, UK.
    Background: Callus is one of the most common foot skin complaints experienced by people of all ages. These painful and unsightly lesions often result in disability. The 'gold standard' of treatment is scalpel debridement by a trained specialist; however, people also seek over-the-counter remedies. Read More

    Clinical pearl: the squeeze maneuver.
    Cutis 2016 Mar;97(3):202;204
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA.
    Plantar warts can be distinguished from calluses using the squeeze maneuver, a quick and easy method to diagnose plantar warts. This technique negates the need for an expensive diagnostic tool. Read More

    Association of Metatarsalgia After Hallux Valgus Correction With Relative First Metatarsal Length.
    Foot Ankle Int 2016 Jun 27;37(6):582-8. Epub 2016 Feb 27.
    Deparment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Background: Metatarsalgia is frequently associated with hallux valgus. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the relative length and position of the first metatarsal head influenced metatarsalgia and plantar callosities beneath the lesser metatarsal heads.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data and radiographs of 102 cases was performed at a mean follow-up of 16 months after biplane interlocking osteotomies. Read More

    Instrument-related Skin Disorders in Musicians.
    Dermatitis 2016 Jan-Feb;27(1):26-9
    From the Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
    Background: Among artists, musicians may suffer from occupational skin problems; notwithstanding, these conditions have been rarely reviewed. The characteristics of individual performer and the type of instrument will determine the kind of disease. Moreover, the hours that the musician spent to advance artistic skill may influence the severity. Read More

    Analysis of a trial assessing the long-term effectiveness of salicylic acid plasters compared with scalpel debridement in facilitating corn resolution in patients with multiple corns.
    J Dermatol 2016 Jun 15;43(6):662-9. Epub 2015 Dec 15.
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    This study assesses the effect of salicylic acid plasters on the time to resolution of 324 corns experienced by 201 participants taking part in a randomized controlled trial. While the rate of corn resolution was substantively higher in the treatment group than in the control group, treatment was found to be not significantly related to time to corn recurrence when analyzed over the full 12-month follow-up period. Parametric survival analysis modeling of interval-censored data and incorporating patient-specific frailty terms was utilized, to model correlation of corns within patients (hazard ratio [HR], 1. Read More

    Pressure and Friction Injuries in Primary Care.
    Prim Care 2015 Dec 14;42(4):631-44. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Penn State Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.
    Pressure and friction injuries are common throughout the lifespan. A detailed history of the onset and progression of friction and pressure injuries is key to aiding clinicians in determining the underlying mechanism behind the development of the injury. Modifying or removing the forces that are creating pressure or friction is the key to both prevention and healing of these injuries. Read More

    The Impact of Feet Callosities, Arm Posture, and Usage of Electrolyte Wipes on Body Composition by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Morbidly Obese Adults.
    Obes Facts 2015 20;8(6):364-72. Epub 2015 Nov 20.
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Objective: This study evaluated the impact of feet callosities, arm posture, and use of electrolyte wipes on body composition measurements by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in morbidly obese adults.

    Methods: 36 morbidly obese patients (13 males, aged 28-70 years, BMI 41.6 ± 4. Read More

    Comparison of Gait Features Between Feet With Callus or Corns and Normal Feet Using Motion Sensors in People With Diabetes and People Without Diabetes.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015 Nov 17;10(2):614-5. Epub 2015 Nov 17.
    Department of Life Support Technology (Molten), Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

    Efficacy of botulinum toxin in pachyonychia congenita type 1: report of two new cases.
    Dermatol Ther 2016 Jan-Feb;29(1):32-6. Epub 2015 Oct 7.
    Department of Dermatology, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
    Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a rare genodermatosis caused by a mutation in keratin genes, which can lead to hypertrophic nail dystrophy and focal palmoplantar keratoderma (predominantly plantar), amongst other manifestations. Painful blisters and callosities, sometimes exacerbated by hyperhidrosis, are major issues that can have a significant impact on patient quality of life. Many alternative treatments for this condition have been applied with variable and partial clinical response, but a definitive cure for this disease has yet to be discovered. Read More

    A comparison of types and thicknesses of adhesive felt padding in the reduction of peak plantar pressure of the foot: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2015 Sep 24;9:203. Epub 2015 Sep 24.
    School of Health, The University of Northampton, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK.
    Introduction: This case report will have implications for any area of medicine that aims to redistribute plantar pressure away from a particular area of the foot. This could be for example in the short-term care of people with diabetes, people who have insensate feet and people with poor blood supply to the foot coupled with plantar ulceration. The aim of the study was to investigate which type and thickness of Hapla felt padding is the most effective at redistributing plantar pressure of the foot. Read More

    Foot deformities, function in the lower extremities, and plantar pressure in patients with diabetes at high risk to develop foot ulcers.
    Diabet Foot Ankle 2015 17;6:27593. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Objective: Foot deformities, neuropathy, and dysfunction in the lower extremities are known risk factors that increase plantar peak pressure (PP) and, as a result, the risk of developing foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. However, knowledge about the prevalence of these factors is still limited. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of risk factors observed in patients with diabetes without foot ulcers and to explore possible connections between the risk factors and high plantar pressure. Read More

    Skin diseases in musicians.
    Eur J Dermatol 2015 Sep-Oct;25(5):375-83
    Department of Occupational Diseases Paris University Hospital, Centre COCHIN, AP-HP 27 rue du Fb St Jacques 75014 Paris, France, Rehabilitation - Evaluation - Reintegration (RER) Department of Occupational Health and Reintegration 104 Boulevard Raymond Poincaré 92380 Garches.
    Instrumental musicians are a risk group for skin diseases. A systematic review was performed on Pubmed database and in the musical literature. Most publications on dermatoses in musicians are case reports. Read More

    Surgical management of the forefoot in patients with rheumatoid arthritis - a review article.
    Open Orthop J 2015 31;9:78-83. Epub 2015 Mar 31.
    University College London Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, London, HA7 4LP, UK.
    Foot and ankle pathologies cause a significant disease burden on rheumatoid patients. Forefoot pathologies causes pain, callosities and possibly ulceration, and can cause problems with footwear. Forefoot correction in rheumatoid patients has historically comprised of excision of diseased joints. Read More

    Camptodactyly and knuckle pads coexisting in an adolescent boy: connection or coincidence?
    Pediatr Dermatol 2015 May-Jun;32(3):e126-7. Epub 2015 Mar 17.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Camptodactyly is a condition characterized by a nontraumatic, fixed flexion contracture at the proximal interphalangeal joint, typically involving the fifth finger. Most occurrences are sporadic, but autosomal dominant transmission and syndromic associations have been described in the literature. We describe the case of an adolescent boy who presented to our clinic with a 2-year history of bilateral, nonsyndromic camptodactyly and knuckle pads. Read More

    Foot and ankle problems in Thai monks.
    J Med Assoc Thai 2015 Jan;98(1):71-6
    Background: Foot and ankle problems in Thai monks have not been explored. This is an unshod population, and its members have a unique lifestyle living among others in our modern era. Beginning at their ordainment, they follow strict rules about barefoot walking, the amount of daily walking, and their sitting position, practices that theoretically can increase their risk of developing foot and ankle problems. Read More

    Foot and ankle problems in Muay Thai kickboxers.
    J Med Assoc Thai 2015 Jan;98(1):65-70
    Background: Muay Thai kickboxing is a common sport that uses the foot and ankle in fighting. Muay Thai kickboxing trainees usually receive training in Thailand Foot and ankle problems in this group ofpeople who usually train barefoot remain unexplored

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of common foot and ankle problems in Muay Thai kick boxers.

    Material And Method: The present study is a cross-sectional survey of Muay Thai kick boxers practicing in northern Thailand. Read More

    Orangutans (Pongo spp.) have deeper, more efficient sleep than baboons (Papio papio) in captivity.
    Am J Phys Anthropol 2015 Jul 7;157(3):421-7. Epub 2015 Mar 7.
    Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 47405.
    The nightly construction of arboreal sleeping platforms or "nests" has been observed among every great ape population studied to date. However, this behavior has never been reported in any other nonhuman primate and comparisons between ape and monkey sleep illuminate the link between sleeping substrates, positional behavior, and sleep efficiency. Here, we compare sleep depth and efficiency and night-time positional behavior between a large-bodied cercopithecoid (Papio papio) and a large-bodied hominoid (Pongo spp. Read More

    Complete mitochondrial genome of leaf coral Pavona decussata (Scleractinia, Agariciidae).
    Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2016 Sep 29;27(5):3126-7. Epub 2015 Jan 29.
    a Laboratory of Marine Biology and Ecology , Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration , Xiamen , P.R. China and.
    The leaf coral Pavona decussate is a wide-spread shallow-water species of genus Pavona within Agariciidae. In our study, the entire mitochondrial nucleotide sequence of P. decussate was determined. Read More

    Changes in the parameters of gait after a mechanical debridement of a plantar callosities.
    J Tissue Viability 2015 Feb 5;24(1):12-6. Epub 2015 Jan 5.
    Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.
    Introduction: Plantar callosities are a common cause of pain in the forefoot and also a cause of alterations in plantar pressure. Mechanical debridement with a scalpel can relieve pain and increase functional capacity.

    Objective: The aim of the study was to analyse if debridement of plantar callosities and corns modify walking. Read More

    A novel modification of the Stainsby procedure: surgical technique and clinical outcome.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2014 Dec 15;20(4):262-7. Epub 2014 Jul 15.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Galway University Hospitals, Ireland.
    Background: The 'Stainsby procedure' is an effective salvage procedure for correction of fixed claw toe deformity. A novel approach is described involving the extensor tenotomy step of the procedure, which is easier, faster and safer to perform.

    Methods: A retrospective single surgeon review was performed to assess this modification. Read More

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