131,612 results match your criteria Chronic Renal Failure


Referral criteria for chronic kidney disease: implications for disease management and healthcare expenditure-analysis of a population-based sample.

BMC Nephrol 2022 Jun 24;23(1):225. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of General Practice, Institute for Community Medicine, University Medicine Greifswald, Fleischmannstrasse 6, Greifswald, 17475, Germany.

Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend specialist referral according to different criteria. The aim was to assess recommended and observed referral rate and health care expenditure according to recommendations from: • Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO,2012) • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE,2014) • German Society of Nephrology/German Society of Internal Medicine (DGfN/DGIM,2015) • German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians (DEGAM,2019) • Kidney failure risk equation (NICE,2021) METHODS: Data of the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania were matched with claims data. Proportion of subjects meeting referral criteria and corresponding health care expenditures were calculated and projected to the population of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Read More

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Biochemical interaction of pyrvinium in gentamicin-induced acute kidney injury by modulating calcium dyshomeostasis and mitochondrial dysfunction.

Chem Biol Interact 2022 Jun 21:110020. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

School of Pharmacy, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jagatpura 302017, Mahal Road, Jaipur, India; Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, India; Uttaranchal Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun, India. Electronic address:

Acute kidney injury (AKI) has a poor clinical prognosis and increases the risk of chronic kidney failure (CKD). It is a common complication of organ failure in hospitalised patients (10-15% of all hospitalizations) and in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, with an incidence of up to 50%. Concerning ICU, AKI has a mortality rate ranging from 27% to 35%, rising to 60%-65% when dialysis is needed, with roughly 5%-20% of survivors requiring dialysis on discharge. Read More

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Risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality patients with COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270062. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Pharmacy Services, King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Risk factors for in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia have not been well studied. Previous reports from other countries have highlighted the effect of age, gender, clinical presentation and health conditions on the outcome of COVID-19 patients. Saudi Arabia has a different epidemiological structure with a predominance of young population, which calls for separate study. Read More

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Identification of healthspan-promoting genes in Caenorhabditis elegans based on a human GWAS study.

Biogerontology 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Laboratory of Aging Physiology and Molecular Evolution, Biology Department, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

To find drivers of healthy ageing, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in healthy and unhealthy older individuals. Healthy individuals were defined as free from cardiovascular disease, stroke, heart failure, major adverse cardiovascular event, diabetes, dementia, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, rheumatism, Crohn's disease, malabsorption or kidney disease. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with unknown function associated with ten human genes were identified as candidate healthspan markers. Read More

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Management of osteoporosis in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Osteoporos Int 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Nephrology, Bone and Mineral Metabolism, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, Room MN-560, Lexington, KY, 40536-0298, USA.

Patients with CKD have a 4-fivefold higher rate of fractures. The incidence of fractures increases with deterioration of kidney function. The process of skeletal changes in CKD patients is characterized by compromised bone strength because of deterioration of bone quantity and/or quality. Read More

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Association between gabapentinoids and oedema treated with loop-diuretics: a pooled sequence symmetry analysis from the United States and Denmark.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Aims: To assess the gabapentinoid-oedema-loop diuretic prescribing cascade in adults using large administrative health care databases from the US and Denmark.

Methods: This study used a sequence symmetry analysis to assess loop diuretic initiation before and after the initiation of gabapentinoids among patients aged 20 years or older without heart failure or chronic kidney disease. Data from MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental Claims databases (2005 to 2019) and Danish National Prescription Register (2005 to 2018) were analyzed. Read More

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Cardiorenal syndrome: a Bright idea with earlier roots.

Br J Cardiol 2021 22;28(2):22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Consultant Cardiologist Cardiology Department, Homerton Hospital, Homerton Row, London, E9 6SR.

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Oliguria on the Day of Intubation Is Associated With Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Crit Care Explor 2022 Jun 17;4(6):e0717. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI.

To investigate the relationship between oliguric acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: This investigation took place at a single-center, tertiary referral multidisciplinary comprehensive healthcare hospital in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan. Read More

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Prospective associations of health literacy with clinical outcomes in adults with CKD: findings from the CRIC study.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Limited health literacy is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the general population but the relation of health literacy with long-term clinical outcomes among adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is less clear.

Methods: Prospective data from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study (n = 3,715) were used. Health literacy was assessed with the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (dichotomized as limited/adequate). Read More

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Usefulness of CHEST Score in Predicting Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 in Heart Failure and Non-Heart-Failure Cohorts.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Clinical Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska Street 213, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: Patients with heart failure represent a vulnerable population for COVID-19 and are prone to having worse prognoses and higher fatality rates. Still, the clinical course of the infection is dynamic, and complication occurrence in particular in patients with heart failure is fairly unpredictable. Considering that individual components of the CHEST (C2: Coronary Artery Diseases (CAD)/Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); H: Hypertension; E: Elderly (Age ≥ 75); S: Systolic HF; T: Thyroid disease) are parallel to COVID-19 mortality risk factors, we evaluate the predictive value of CHEST score in patients with heart failure (HF) Material and Methods: The retrospective medical data analysis of 2184 COVID-19 patients hospitalized in the University Hospital in Wroclaw between February 2020 and June 2021 was the basis of the study. Read More

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Association of Hyperuricemia with Impaired Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Preserved Kidney Function: Analysis of the POL-AF Registry Cohort.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 14;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

3rd Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

Hyperuricemia is associated with the risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure. However, coexisting chronic kidney disease and certain cardiovascular drugs make it difficult to determine whether hyperuricemia is a risk factor or merely a marker of pathology. We retrieved data from the Polish Atrial Fibrillation (POL-AF) registry, which included consecutive patients hospitalized with AF from January to December, 2019. Read More

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Our Experience in Using the Endovascular Therapy in the Management of Hemorrhages in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Emergency Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

(1) Background: A quarter of maternal deaths are caused by post-partum hemorrhage; hence obstetric bleeding is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among women. Pelvic artery embolization (PAE) represents a minimally invasive interventional procedure which plays an important role in conservative management of significant bleeding in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect and the complications of PAE in patients with significant vaginal bleeding with different obstetrical and gynecological pathologies. Read More

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Factors influencing health-related quality of life in people with chronic kidney disease: A structural equation modelling approach.

J Clin Nurs 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Kidney Health Service, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aims And Objectives: To test whether the revised Wilson and Cleary model could identify which factors contribute to health-related quality of life in chronic kidney disease.

Background: Chronic kidney disease affects a person's health-related quality of life detrimentally although nursing practice informed by theory is only beginning to emerge.

Design: A cross-sectional study reported using the STROBE guidelines. Read More

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Artificial intelligence and digital health for volume maintenance in hemodialysis patients.

Hemodial Int 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Chronic fluid overload is associated with morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of fluid overload remains a priority for the nephrology community. Although current methods of assessing fluid status, such as bioimpedance and lung ultrasound, have prognostic and diagnostic value, no single system or technique can be used to maintain euvolemia. Read More

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The direct cost of dialysis supported by families for patients with chronic renal failure in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).

BMC Nephrol 2022 Jun 23;23(1):222. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS) Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Background: Chronic renal failure can lead to dialysis and/or a kidney transplant in the final stage. The number of patients under dialysis has increased considerably in the world and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Dialysis is a very expensive care. Read More

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The proliferative and the antifibrotic side of PAX2 in tubular repair.

Kidney Int 2022 Jul;102(1):12-13

Division of Nephrology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Institute for Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. Electronic address:

Regenerative repair following injury to proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) is essential to restore the kidney to normal function in acute kidney injury. Failure to accomplish this leads to chronic kidney disease. Expression of the paired-box transcription factor Pax2 in PTECs is required for their regenerative proliferation and repair. Read More

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Acute kidney injury in patients with COVID-19 in the intensive care unit: evaluation of risk factors and mortality in a national cohort.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 23;12(6):e059046. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Norwegian Intensive Care and Pandemic Registry, Bergen, Norway.

Objectives: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication among critical ill patients with COVID-19, but the actual incidence is unknown as AKI-incidence varies from 25% to 89% in intensive care unit (ICU) populations. We aimed to describe the prevalence and risk factors of AKI in patients with COVID-19 admitted to ICU in Norway.

Design: Nation-wide observational study with data sampled from the Norwegian Intensive Care and Pandemic Registry (NIPaR) for the period between 10 March until 31 December 2020. Read More

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Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes with Finerenone, a Selective Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist.

Cardiol Ther 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Stanford Center for Clinical Research, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Overactivation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has been shown to be pathologic in heart failure and albuminuric chronic kidney disease (CKD), triggering pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cellular pathways. The standard of care in these disease states includes treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) are also a mainstay in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction; however, therapy is often limited by treatment-related hyperkalemia. Read More

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NMR-Based Metabolomics in Differential Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Subtypes.

Metabolites 2022 May 28;12(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, Greece.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is considered as a major public health problem as it can lead to end-stage kidney failure, which requires replacement therapy. A prompt and accurate diagnosis, along with the appropriate treatment, can delay CKD's progression, significantly. Herein, we sought to determine whether CKD etiology can be reflected in urine metabolomics during its early stage. Read More

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Metals and Metallothionein Expression in Relation to Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka.

Diseases 2022 Jun 12;10(2). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Colombo, Colombo 00300, Sri Lanka.

Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology was investigated for metal relations in an endemic area by a cross-sectional study with CKD stages G1, G2, G3a, G3b, G4, G5 (ESRD), and endemic and nonendemic controls (EC and NEC) as groups. Subjects with the medical diagnosis were classified into groups by eGFR (SCr, CKD-EPI) and UACR of the study. It determined 24 metals/metalloids in plasma (ICPMS) and metallothionein (MT) mRNA in blood (RT-PCR). Read More

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[Health-related quality of life of patients on peritoneal dialysis].

Rev Med Chil 2021 Dec;149(12):1744-1750

Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important predictor of health outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) including those patients in renal replacement therapy. Its evaluation through validated questionnaires is essential for comprehensive care in people undergoing renal replacement therapy.

Aim: To evaluate the quality of life in patients with CKD on peritoneal dialysis. Read More

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December 2021

Long-term observational study of renal outcome after preeclampsia: Role of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1(sFlt-1)/ placental growth factor (PlGF) and endoglin.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 18;78:103818. Epub 2022 May 18.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Introduction: Preeclampsia (PE) is an important complication of pregnancy that can lead to chronic kidney disease. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and endoglin are biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of PE and other diseases. We aimed to explore the correlation of these biomarkers with long-term renal function, blood pressure and the urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) in PE patients. Read More

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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Antibody Response After Heterologous Immunizations With ChAdOx1/BNT162b2 in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients on Hemodialysis.

Front Immunol 2022 6;13:894700. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.

The Korean government decided to schedule heterologous vaccinations on dialysis patients for early achievement of immunization against Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19). However, the effects of heterologous immunizations in hemodialysis (HD) patients are unclear. One hundred (HD) patients from Gangdong Kyung Hee University Hospital and Kyung Hee Medical Center and 100 hospital workers from Gangdong Kyung Hee University Hospital were enrolled in this study. Read More

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The Ratio of CD226 and TIGIT Expression in Tfh and PD-1ICOSTfh Cells Are Potential Biomarkers for Chronic Antibody-Mediated Rejection in Kidney Transplantation.

J Immunol Res 2022 12;2022:5326083. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Kidney transplantation is the ideal treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Chronic antibody-mediated rejection (CAMR) is the main cause of graft failure. Tfh and B cells are key immune cells that play important roles in CAMR. Read More

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Renal Outcomes of Pregnancy-Related Acute Kidney Injury: a Single Centre Experience in India.

Maedica (Bucur) 2022 Mar;17(1):80-87

Department of Nephrology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

This study aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) during pregnancy in Indian population. A prospective observational study was conducted in pregnant patients admitted to Pt. B. Read More

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The Influence of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome on the Outcomes of Patients With Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Cureus 2022 May 20;14(5):e25157. Epub 2022 May 20.

Internal Medicine, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Purpose: The effect of comorbid obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) on hospitalized patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has not been studied so far. This study elucidates the outcomes of DKA patients with OHS compared to those without OHS.

Methods: Patients above 18 years of age were included in the study. Read More

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Advanced chronic kidney disease among UK children.

Arch Dis Child 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

UK Renal Registry, UK Kidney Association, Bristol, UK.

The UK Renal Registry currently collects information on UK children with kidney failure requiring long-term kidney replacement therapy (KRT), which supports disease surveillance and auditing of care and outcomes; however, data are limited on children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not on KRT.

Methods: In March 2020, all UK Paediatric Nephrology centres submitted data on children aged <16 years with severely reduced kidney function as of December 2019, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m. Read More

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Dengue Infection Immediately After Kidney Transplantation.

Transplantation 2022 Jul 17;106(7):e354-e355. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Transplant and Immunocompromised Host Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

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Prevalence of chronic diseases in octogenarians: data from the National Health Survey 2019.

Cien Saude Colet 2022 Jul 23;27(7):2655-2665. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. R. Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, Cidade Universitária. 13083-887 Campinas SP Brasil.

This article aims to estimate the prevalence of chronic diseases/conditions in octogenarians according to sex, age groups and private health insurance, and its relationship with difficulty in performing usual activities. Cross-sectional population-based study with elderly data (n = 6,098) from the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Read More

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Anti-Oxidative Therapy in Diabetic Nephropathy.

Front Biosci (Schol Ed) 2022 May;14(2):14

Division of Kidney and Pancreas Transplant, Department of Surgery, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868, USA.

Chronic kidney disease is generally progressive and currently has no reliable treatment to reverse a decline in kidney function or to slow the progression of the disease. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the leading causes of end-stage kidney failure. Kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy is largely attributed to the increased oxidative stress, affecting its metabolic activity, metabolic pathways, and hemodynamic pathways. Read More

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