1,259,318 results match your criteria Chronic Laryngitis Infectious or Allergic


Mortality Trends of Liver Diseases from 1981 to 2016 and the Projection to 2035 in Taiwan: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis.

Liver Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Projections on liver diseases mortality can provide a basis for evaluating the World Health Organization's "25 by 25" goal and can help health care systems design appropriate control strategies. This study evaluated whether the 25 by 25 goal can be achieved in Taiwan and discussed possible future control strategies.

Methods: Age-period-cohort models are used to estimate the mortality trends of liver diseases from 1981 to 2016 and project these trends to 2035. Read More

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December 2018

Validation of the Rotterdam Elderly Pain Observation Scale (REPOS) in the hospital setting.

Pain Pract 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric surgery, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The Rotterdam Elderly Pain Observation Scale (REPOS) has been proven useful to assess pain in non-communicative and cognitively impaired nursing home residents. We evaluated whether the REPOS is also reliable and valid for pain assessment in the hospital setting.

Methods: In this prospective multicenter observational study, surgical patients were observed perioperatively at bedside and internal medicine patients were filmed during a possible painful moment and in rest. Read More

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December 2018

Spinal Cord Stimulation for Loin Pain Hematuria Syndrome: Case Report.

Pain Pract 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA.

Loin Pain Hematuria Syndrome (LPHS) is a rare condition characterized by cryptogenic debilitating flank pain and microscopic or macroscopic hematuria. The pathophysiology of LPHS remains poorly understood and diagnosis is made largely by exclusion of alternate pathology. Management strategies can vary widely and include chronic opioid medication and a variety of invasive procedures including regional nerve blocks, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, local capsaicin infusion, and surgical renal denervation. Read More

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December 2018

Red flags for appropriate referral to the gastroenterologist & rheumatologist of patients with inflammatory bowel disease & spondyloarthritis.

Clin Exp Immunol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

IBD Unit, Presidio Columbus, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Collaboration between gastroenterologists and rheumatologists is recommended for correct management of patients with associated spondyloarthritis (SpA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to establish the appropriateness of several red flags for a prompt specialist referral. A systematic review of the literature was performed using the GRADE method to describe the prevalence of coexisting IBD-SpA and the diagnostic accuracy of red flags proposed by a steering committee. Read More

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December 2018

Microglia Receptors in Animal Models of Traumatic Brain Injury.

Mol Neurobiol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Bioengineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, 111 Lock Street, Room105 CHEN bldg, Newark, NJ, 07102, USA.

Microglia have been implicated as a key mediator of chronic inflammation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The animal models of TBI vary significantly based on the type of brain injury (focal versus diffuse). This has made it extremely difficult to assess the role of microglia and the window of microglia activation. Read More

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December 2018

Resveratrol Protects Against Renal Damage via Attenuation of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in High-Fat-Diet-Induced Obese Mice.

Inflammation 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, No. 1 Weigang, Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Oxidative stress and inflammation play an important role in the chronic kidney disease associated with obesity. Resveratrol (RSV) has been reported to exhibit a wide range of biological activities including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of RSV on renal inflammation and oxidative stress in obese mice induced by high-fat diet. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy of allergen-blocker mechanical barrier gel on symptoms and quality of life in patients with allergic rhinitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Division of Pediatric Immunology and Allergy, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey.

Propose: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a very common, chronic and global health problem. In the last two decades, the efficiency of barrier-enforcing measures in AR has been investigated. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of allergen-blocker mechanical barrier gel (MBG) (AlerjiSTOP) treatment on symptoms and quality of life score (QoLS) in patients with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis. Read More

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December 2018

Renoprotective effects of the novel prostaglandin EP4 receptor-selective antagonist ASP7657 in 5/6 nephrectomized chronic kidney disease rats.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Drug Discovery Research, Astellas Pharma Inc., 21 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8585, Japan.

Prostaglandins (PGs) are important lipid mediators of numerous physiologic and pathophysiologic processes in the kidney. PGE, the most abundant renal PG, plays a major role in renal physiology, including renin release and glomerular hemodynamics. We investigated the renoprotective properties of the novel PGE EP4 receptor-selective antagonist ASP7657 in 5/6 nephrectomized rats, a chronic kidney disease (CKD) model. Read More

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December 2018
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Classification of the superior angle of the scapula and its correlation with the suprascapular notch: a study on 303 scapulas.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

Purpose: The aims of this study had been to classify the superior angle of the scapula based on morphological features, and to investigate its correlation with the suprascapular notch.

Methods: 303 samples of Chinese dried scapular specimens were collected from the Department of anatomy, Southwest Medical University. According to the anatomical morphological characteristics of the superior angle of the scapula, the morphological classification was performed to explore its correlation with the suprascapular notch (SSN). Read More

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December 2018

Consensus Statement of the Italian Society of Colorectal Surgery (SICCR): management and treatment of complete rectal prolapse.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Santa Rita Clinic, Vercelli, Italy.

Rectal prolapse, rectal procidentia, "complete" prolapse or "third-degree" prolapse is the full-thickness prolapse of the rectal wall through the anal canal and has a significant impact on quality of life. The incidence of rectal prolapse has been estimated to be approximately 2.5 per 100,000 inhabitants with a clear predominance among elderly women. Read More

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December 2018

Late systemic symptoms in head and neck cancer survivors.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue, 777 Preston Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Purpose: Neuroinflammation and central sensitization from cancer and its therapy may result in chronic systemic symptoms (CSS) such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, chronic widespread pain, mood disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and temperature dysregulation. We undertook a cross-sectional study of CSS in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors to determine their frequency, severity, and impact.

Methods: HNC patients without evidence of recurrence who were at least 12 months post-treatment completed a one-time battery of self-report measures including the Vanderbilt Head and Neck Symptom survey plus the General Symptom Subscale, the Body Image Quality of Life Inventory, Neurotoxicity Rating Scale, the Profile of Mood States, and a five-item quality of life measure. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of posterior scleral reinforcement in pathological myopia: a 3-year follow-up study.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Eye Hospital of China Medical University, Key Laboratory of Lens Research of Liaoning Province, Shenyang, China.

Purpose: To assess the effects of posterior sclera reinforcement (PSR) in refractive outcomes, choroidal thickness (CT), and retinal thickness (RT) during a 3-year follow-up in eyes with pathological myopia.

Methods: Thirty-eight eyes of 26 adults with pathological myopia who underwent PSR (the PSR group) and 30 eyes of 18 adults with matched age and myopia who did not receive PSR treatment (the control group) were followed up with measurements of axial length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CT, and RT at baseline, 1 and 3 months, and 1, 2, and 3 years postoperatively. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance and independent-samples t test. Read More

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December 2018

Nerve echogenicity and intranerve CSA variability in high-resolution nerve ultrasound (HRUS) in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP).

J Neurol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Neurology, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Hattingen, Bredenscheider Str. 54, 45525, Hattingen, Germany.

Objective: HRUS is increasingly being used in the diagnosis and evaluation of autoimmune neuropathies such as CIDP. Recently, studies focused not only on changes of nerves size, but also the fascicular structure and the echogenicity changes in CIDP. However, little is known about the alterations of echogenicity in the long-term course in CIDP. Read More

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December 2018

Italian Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of a Back Pain Screening Questionnaire (Start Back Screening Tool).

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):69-75

Research Department, Accademia Italiana di Medicina Osteopatica (AIMO), Saronno, Italy.

Background: Low back pain is a heterogeneous condition, from which most patients recover after a few months. However, a considerable proportion of patients develop chronic pain despite different types of treatment. Primary care evidence-based guidelines for non-specific back pain highlight the importance of identifying indicators of poor prognosis in order for treatment to be appropriately targeted. Read More

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December 2018

Health status, diseases and vaccinations of the homeless in the city of Palermo, Italy.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):21-34

Department of Science for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care "G. D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: In Italy, as in the rest of the world, the number of homeless people is increasing considerably. Many of them suffer from chronic conditions, mental health problems and addiction to alcohol, drugs or smoking, and need complex medical care. Their health status is often exacerbated by greater difficulty in accessing primary care. Read More

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December 2018

Correlations of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage Complicated with Stress Ulcer Bleeding with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II Score, Endothelin (ET), Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α), and Blood Lipids.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 16;24:9120-9126. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tai'an Central Hospital, Tai'an, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study investigated the correlations between acute cerebral hemorrhage complicated with stress ulcer bleeding and corresponding indexes, including the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and blood lipid factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 53 patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage complicated with stress ulcer bleeding were selected as the observation group and 50 patients with simple acute cerebral hemorrhage were selected as the control group. The APACHE II score and the levels of ET-1, TNF-α, and blood lipid factors, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and malondialdehyde (MDA), were detected and the correlations of were analyzed between the 2 groups of patients. Read More

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December 2018

The REACH Trial: A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Safety and Effectiveness of the Spiration® Valve System in the Treatment of Severe Emphysema.

Respiration 2018 Dec 14:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou,

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China, with tobacco smoke, air pollution, and occupational biohazards being the major risk factors.

Objectives: The REACH trial is a multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial undertaken in China to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Spiration® Valve System (SVS) compared to standard medical care in COPD patients with severe emphysema.

Methods: Patients with severe airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and severe dyspnea with interlobar fissure integrity were evaluated for enrollment. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnostic Accuracy of Frailty Screening Methods in Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Nephron 2018 Dec 14:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Renal Medicine, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, United Kingdom.

Background/aims: Frail patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased hospitalisation and mortality rate. However, many popular frailty screening methods have not been validated in patients with CKD. This study evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of several frailty screening methods in patients with CKD G4-5 and those established on haemodialysis (G5D). Read More

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December 2018

Impact of cerebral blood flow changes due to arterial bypass surgery on cognitive function in adult patients with symptomatic ischemic moyamoya disease.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

OBJECTIVESome adult patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) undergoing revascularization surgery show an improvement or decline in cognition postoperatively. Revascularization surgery for ischemic MMD augments cerebral blood flow (CBF) and improves cerebral oxygen metabolism. However, cerebral hyperperfusion, which is a short-term, major increase in ipsilateral CBF that is much greater than the metabolic needs of the brain, sometimes occurs as a complication. Read More

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December 2018

Chronic GI bleeding in a middle-aged woman.

Gut 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

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December 2018

Use of Consensus Methodology to Determine Candidate Items for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Classification Criteria.

J Rheumatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

S.R. Johnson MD PhD FRCPC, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. D. Khanna MD MS, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, USA. R. Cervera MD PhD FRCP, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain. N. Costedoat-Chalumeau MD PhD AP-HP, Cochin Hospital, Internal Medicine Department, Centre de référence maladies auto-immunes et systémiques rares d'île de France, Paris, France ; Université Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France ; INSERM U 1153, Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), Paris, France. D.D. Gladman MD FRCPC, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. B.H. Hahn MD, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA. F. Hiepe MD, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. J. Sánchez-Guerrero MD MSc, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine Mount Sinai Hospital/University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. E. Massarotti MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA. D.T. Boumpas MD FACP FACR, National and Kapodestrian University of Athens, and Biomedical Research Foundation of the Athens Academy, Athens, Greece. K.H Costenbader MD MPH, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA. D. Daikh MD, University of California, San Francisco, USA. D. Jayne MD FRCP FRCPE FMedSci, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. T. Dörner MD, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. D.L. Kamen MD MSCR, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA. M. Mosca MD PhD, University of Pisa, Italy. R. Ramsey-Goldman MD DrPH, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA. J.S. Smolen MD, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. D. Wofsy MD, University of California, San Francisco, USA. M. Aringer MD, University Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Address correspondence to Sindhu Johnson MD PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Ground Floor, East Wing, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8. Phone 1-416-603-6417 Fax.1-416-603- 4348. Email:

Objective: Given the complexity and heterogeneity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), high performing classification criteria are critical to advancing research and clinical care. A collaborative effort by EULAR and ACR was undertaken to generate candidate criteria, and then to reduce them to a smaller set. The objective of the current study was to select a set of criteria that maximizes the likelihood of accurate classification of SLE, particularly early disease. Read More

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December 2018

Disruption of periaqueductal grey-default mode network functional connectivity predicts persistent post-traumatic headache in mild traumatic brain injury.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Medical Imaging, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China

Objective: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most frequent and persistent physical symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and develop in more than 50% of this population. This study aimed to investigate the periaqueductal grey (PAG)-seeded functional connectivity (FC) in patients with mTBI with acute post-traumatic headache (APTH) and further examine whether the FC can be used as a neural biomarker to identify patients developing chronic pain 3 months postinjury.

Methods: 70 patients with mTBI underwent neuropsychological measurements and MRI scans within 7 days postinjury and 56 (80%) of patients were followed up at 3 months. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of functional ankle instability assessed by an instrumented wobble board.

Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 8;35:133-138. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Physiotherapy Department, University College of Northern Denmark, UCN, Selma Lagerloffsvej 2, DK-9220, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Ankle sprains often lead to a history of recurrent injuries and functional joint instability. This study evaluated a new method for assessing functional impairment in patients with chronic ankle instability.

Design: Case-control study for construct validation purpose. Read More

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December 2018

Post-migration treatment targets associated with reductions in depression and PTSD among survivors of torture seeking asylum in the USA.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 8;271:565-572. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Bellevue/NYU Program for Survivors of Torture, Bellevue Hospital Center, 462 First Avenue, CD732, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Mental health research among asylum seekers and refugees has largely focused on effects of pre-migration trauma on post-migration wellbeing. While emerging literature highlights the importance of post-migration factors, we do not yet understand how addressing these factors may influence change in psychological distress. This study uses archival clinical data to identify post-migration correlates of reductions in distress among torture survivors, after accounting for pre-migration trauma. Read More

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December 2018

Regulation of TIM-3 expression in a human T cell line by tumor-conditioned media and cyclic AMP-dependent signaling.

Mol Immunol 2018 Dec 13;105:224-232. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Microbiology and Ajou University School of Medicine, Youngtongku Worldcupro 206, Suwon, 16499, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Sciences (Graduate Program of Molecular Medicine), Ajou University Graduate School of Medicine, Suwon, 16499, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (TIM-3) expression increases in exhausted T cells, which inhibits T cell function. TIM-3 expression is supposedly up-regulated in tumor-bearing individuals via chronic antigenic stimulation of T cells. Considering the immunosuppressive nature of the tumor microenvironment, we investigated whether tumor-secreted molecules might enhance TIM-3 expression in Jurkat T cells. Read More

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December 2018

The ketogenic diet as a potential treatment and prevention strategy for Alzheimer's disease.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 10;60:118-121. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease, a chronic neurodegenerative condition, is increasing as is the need for effective treatments and preventions. The underlying pathology of Alzheimer's is not yet fully understood, so existing research has focused on understanding the prominent features of the disease. These include amyloid plaques, which accumulate in the brains of those with Alzheimer's disease; impaired glucose metabolism; and neuronal cell death. Read More

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October 2018

Association between short-term exposure to particulate matter air pollution and cause-specific mortality in Changzhou, China.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 28;170:7-15. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, 101 Longmian Avenue, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, PR China; Department of Hygiene Analysis and Detection, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, 101 Longmian Avenue, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Extensive studies have linked ambient particulate matter (PM) to an increased mortality burden from a wide range of causes. However, the effects of PM on mortality rates from specific causes were unclear. This study aimed to estimate the detrimental effects of PM on cause specific deaths in Changzhou, China. Read More

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November 2018

Bioaccumulation and morphological traits in a multi-generation test with two Daphnia species exposed to lead.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:636-644. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Portugal.

Anthropic pressure negatively affects natural environments. Lead (Pb) is a non-essential highly toxic metal that is present in aquatic ecosystems. Two daphnid species from two different latitudes, the temperate Daphnia magna and the tropical Daphnia similis were used as test-organisms to evaluate a long-term Pb exposure. Read More

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December 2018

Time course of microglia activation and brain and blood cytokine/chemokine levels following chronic ethanol exposure and protracted withdrawal in rats.

Alcohol 2018 Jul 17;76:37-45. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States; Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States; Dorris Neuroscience Center, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States.

Alcohol produces complex effects on the immune system. Moderate alcohol use (1-2 drinks per day) has been shown to produce anti-inflammatory responses in human blood monocytes, whereas, the post mortem brains of severe alcoholics show increased immune gene expression and activated microglial markers. The present study was conducted to evaluate the time course of alcohol effects during exposure and after withdrawal, and to determine the relationship between microglial and cytokine responses in brain and blood. Read More

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DNA variants in Helicobacter pylori infected patients with chronic gastritis, dysplasia and gastric cancer.

Adv Med Sci 2018 Dec 13;64(1):79-84. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland; Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Electronic address:

Purpose: The main scope of this study was to evaluate the importance of selected DNA variants for developing inflammation of gastric mucosa and carcinogenesis in gastrointestinal diseases in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori.

Patients And Methods: Patients subjected to analysis constituted a group of 131 consecutive cases, with control groups consisting of 100 healthy volunteers and 13 dyspeptic patients. Molecular analysis included the following genes: TP53 (c. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical tests to determine femoral version category in people with chronic hip joint pain and asymptomatic controls.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 Dec 10;39:115-122. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, United States; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, United States. Electronic address:

Study Design: Controlled laboratory cross-sectional.

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between femoral version (FV), measured by MRI (FVMRI), Craig's test and hip rotation range of motion (ROM). To determine rotation ROM values associated with FVMRI categories: excessive anteversion, normal version and retroversion. Read More

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December 2018

Lipidomic analysis reveals the efficiency of Eclipta prostrata on diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in rats.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 30;165:224-232. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Therapeutic Chemistry, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in western countries. The current study aimed to detect and evaluate lipidomic biomarkers for early detection of NAFLD as well as the potential efficiency of methanolic extract of Eclipta prostrata (E. prostrata) on disease management. Read More

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November 2018

Frequency of superantigen encoding genes of Staphylococcus aureus isolates collected from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and nasal carriers.

Microb Pathog 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran; Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Bacterial superantigens are potent T cell activators that can have acute or chronic effects on the central nervous system.

Objectives: In this study, the role of enterotoxins, exfoliative toxins and toxic shock syndrome toxin of Staphylococcus aureus was investigated in MS patients and healthy nasal carriers.

Methods: Three-hundred fifty nasal swabs were collected from healthy nasal carriers (n = 210) and MS (n = 140) patients. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence, Predictors, and Outcome Associations of Dyskalemia in Heart Failure With Preserved, Mid-Range, and Reduced Ejection Fraction.

JACC Heart Fail 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: This study investigated 1-year incidence and predictors of dyskalemia (dysK) and its outcome associations in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), HF with mid-range EF (HFmrEF), and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF).

Background: DysK in real-world HF is insufficiently characterized. Fear of dyskalemia may lead to underuse or underdosing of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors. Read More

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December 2018

Skim milk powder with high content of Maillard reaction products affect weight gain, organ development and intestinal inflammation in early life in rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Sweden; Skane University Hospital, Department of Endocrinology, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The intestinal tract is important for development of immune tolerance and disturbances are suggested to trigger autoimmune disorders. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of Maillard products in skim milk powder obtained after long storage, compared to fresh skim milk powder.

Methods: Young rats were weaned onto a diet based on skim milk powder with high concentration of Maillard products (HM-SM, n = 18) or low (C-SM, n = 18) for one week or four weeks. Read More

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December 2018

Mortality, morbidity, and hospitalisations due to influenza lower respiratory tract infections, 2017: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Authors:

Lancet Respir Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Background: Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and other respiratory conditions (like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are attributable to seasonal influenza. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 is a systematic scientific effort to quantify the health loss associated with a comprehensive set of diseases and disabilities. In this Article, we focus on LRTIs that can be attributed to influenza. Read More

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December 2018

Delta opioid receptor agonists are effective for multiple types of headache disorders.

Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. Electronic address:

Headaches are highly disabling and are among the most common neurological disorders worldwide. Despite the high prevalence of headache, therapeutic options are limited. We recently identified the delta opioid receptor (DOR) as an emerging therapeutic target for migraine. Read More

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December 2018

The critical role of microRNAs in stress response: therapeutic prospect and limitation.

Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pharmacy, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410008, China; National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders (XIANGYA), Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410008, Hunan, China. Electronic address:

Stress response refers to the systemic nonspecific response upon exposure to strong stimulation or chronic stress, such as severe trauma, shock, infection, burn, major surgery or improper environment, which disturb organisms and damage their physical and psychological health. However, the pathogenesis of stress induced disorder remains complicated and diverse under different stress exposure. Recently, studies have revealed a specific role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating cellular function under different types of stress, suggesting a significant role in the treatment and prevention of stress-related diseases, such as stress ulcer, posttraumatic stress disorder, stress-induced cardiomyopathy and so on. Read More

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December 2018

Interpersonal-Level Discrimination Indices, Sociodemographic Factors, and Telomere Length in African-Americans and Whites.

Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: Studies have linked self-reported discrimination to telomere attrition, a biological marker of accelerated cellular aging. However, it is unknown whether intersections between social categories-race, socioeconomic status (SES), sex, and age-influence the association of varying forms of discrimination with telomere length. We examined these associations in a socioeconomically and racially/ethnically diverse urban sample. Read More

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December 2018

Addressing the Nutritional Phenotype through Personalized Nutrition for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Internal Medicine-Obesity Medicine, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA; Internal Medicine-Primary Care, San Mateo County Health System, San Mateo, CA, USA.

The primary focus of public health recommendations related to the prevention of food-related chronic disease has been on the adoption of healthy dietary patterns; however, implementation has been challenging. There has been increasing recognition that an individual's diet and environment may impact disease susceptibility by affecting the expression of genes involved in critical metabolic pathways. Precision nutrition (PN) has emerged to translate discoveries about diversity in nutrient metabolism between subgroups and the inter-individual variability in the responses to dietary interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Risk factors for admission after shoulder arthroscopy.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Shoulder arthroscopy is a common orthopedic procedure typically performed on an outpatient basis. Occasionally, patients require an unplanned hospital admission. An understanding of the incidence and risk factors for admission after shoulder arthroscopy may assist surgeons in determining which patients may be susceptible to unplanned admission after surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Chronic anterior sternoclavicular instability: technique and results of corrective clavicular osteotomy.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Chronic anterior sternoclavicular (SC) instability is a rare but potentially disabling condition. It can arise in conjunction with trauma or hyperlaxity, or both. Numerous surgical techniques have been described, but no gold standard exists. Read More

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December 2018

Inhibition of nerve growth factor signaling alleviates repeated dural stimulation-induced hyperalgesia in rats.

Neuroscience 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Laboratory Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Our previous study showed that acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) is involved in the pathogenesis of recurrent migraine. ASIC3 is regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF), which induces hyperalgesia in various pain disorders. Neutralization of NGF is considered an effective treatment method. Read More

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December 2018

Elevated serum periostin level in patients with chronic cough and airway hyperresponsiveness.

Respir Investig 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Allergy and Respiratory Medicine, The Fraternity Memorial Hospital, 2-1-11 Yokoami, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

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December 2018

CX3CL1-Fc treatment prevents atherosclerosis in Ldlr KO mice.

Mol Metab 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Atherosclerosis is a major cause of cardiovascular disease. Monocyte-endothelial cell interactions are partly mediated by expression of monocyte CX3CR1 and endothelial cell fractalkine (CX3CL1). Interrupting the interaction between this ligand-receptor pair should reduce monocyte binding to the endothelial wall and reduce atherosclerosis. Read More

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December 2018

Chronic hepatitis C infection - Noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis in the era of direct acting antivirals.

Dig Liver Dis 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Liver Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Significant advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection and its associated fibrosis have revolutionized treatment of these patients over the last several years. Liver biopsy, the gold standard diagnostic method for evaluating liver fibrosis level, was routinely used prior to initiation of hepatitis C therapy, placing patients at an inherent risk of adverse events. The recent advent of noninvasive serologic and nonserologic measures of hepatic fibrosis level has reduced the need for liver biopsy significantly, thereby minimizing its associated risks. Read More

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November 2018

Preoperative Assessment of the Peroneal Tendons in Lateral Ankle Instability: Examining Clinical Factors, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sensitivity, and Their Relationship.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address:

The purpose of our study was to examine the preoperative clinical factors and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with peroneal pathology in chronic lateral ankle instability patients, as well as the clinical factors associated with peroneal lesions being detected on MRI. Peroneal pathology was determined from intraoperative findings. Patients with/without peroneal pathology were compared regarding their preoperative clinical findings. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence, Cost, and Risk Factors for Readmission after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Readmissions adversely affect hospital reimbursement and quality measures. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, cost, and risk factors for readmission following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).

Methods: We queried the National Readmissions Database (NRD) and isolated patients who underwent CABG from 2013-2014. Read More

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December 2018

Implications of secondary aortic intervention after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for acute and chronic type B dissection.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.

Background: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become a mainstay of therapy for acute and chronic type B aortic dissection (TBAD). Dynamic aortic morphologic changes, untreated dissected aorta, and persistent false lumen perfusion have significant consequences for reintervention after TEVAR for TBAD. However, few reports contrast differences in secondary aortic intervention (SAI) after TEVAR for TBAD or describe their influence on mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Using bifurcated endoprosthesis after iliac artery recanalization for concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and chronic total occlusions of access routes.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Objective: Concurrent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and unilateral iliac occlusion is a challenge in the implantation of bifurcated stent grafts (BFGs). The endovascular approach is less invasive than open surgery; the aortouni-iliac (AUI) graft with crossover femorofemoral bypass (CFFB) has many problems associated with extra-anatomic reconstruction. We attempted endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using BFGs in such cases and evaluated the outcomes. Read More

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December 2018
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