9,786 results match your criteria Chronic Fatigue Syndrome


[Patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) Who Have Already Visited Some Medical Institutions: The Points of Diagnosis and Treatment].

Authors:
Tokio Shimomura

Brain Nerve 2022 May;74(5):660-667

Department of Neurology, National Hospital Organization, Saigata Medical Center.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a syndrome primarily presenting fatigue-based symptoms; however, the challenge is this syndrome has no diagnostic biomarkers. The diagnosis and treatment of ME/CFS require highly specialized knowledge and skills. There is no definitive therapy for ME/CFS, including Chinese herbal medicine, vitamins, and/or L-carnitine. Read More

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[Patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) Who Have Already Visited Some Medical Institutions: Diagnosis, Treatment and Research].

Authors:
Wakiro Sato

Brain Nerve 2022 May;74(5):652-659

Department of Immunology, Multiple Sclerosis Center, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, National Institute of Neuroscience.

Myalgic encephalitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is an acquired intractable disease characterized by profound fatigue, post-exertional malaise, sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment, and orthostatic intolerance, among other features. The onset often follows an infectious episode. Importantly, the various types of autonomic dysfunctions, pain, and intolerance to various stimuli in ME/CFS patients are intrinsically different from the "fatigue" of healthy individuals. Read More

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Central nervous activity during an emotional Stroop task in fibromyalgia syndrome.

Int J Psychophysiol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

UMIT Tirol, University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria. Electronic address:

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic condition of widespread pain accompanied by symptoms like depression, fatigue and cognitive impairments. In addition to central nervous pain sensitization, emotional dysregulation may be involved in FMS pathogenesis. This study investigated emotional influences on cognitive processing in FMS. Read More

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The impact of Micro RNA-320a serum level on severity of symptoms and cerebral processing of pain in patients with fibromyalgia.

Pain Med 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Lecturer of Clinical Neurophysiology, Neuro diagnostic research center, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Objectives: The aim of this work was to explore the expression of miR-320a level in fibromyalgia patients in comparison to healthy controls, and to clarify its impact on the severity of symptoms and the cerebral processing of pain assessed by middle latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs).

Design: Case-control study.

Setting: Rheumatology and Neurology outpatient clinics. Read More

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Intimate partner violence and women living with episodic disabilities: a scoping review protocol.

Syst Rev 2022 May 18;11(1):97. Epub 2022 May 18.

School of Nursing, University of Victoria, PO Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, British Columbia, V8P 2Y2, Canada.

Background: Violence towards women with disabilities is most commonly perpetrated by current or former intimate partners and more than half of disabled women experience intimate partner violence in their lifetime. Disabilities differ by presence, type, and complexity, yet are commonly researched collectively. A more nuanced understanding of the relationship between intimate partner violence and episodic disability is required to better support women living with these concurrent challenges. Read More

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Unexplained post-acute infection syndromes.

Nat Med 2022 May 18;28(5):911-923. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

SARS-CoV-2 is not unique in its ability to cause post-acute sequelae; certain acute infections have long been associated with an unexplained chronic disability in a minority of patients. These post-acute infection syndromes (PAISs) represent a substantial healthcare burden, but there is a lack of understanding of the underlying mechanisms, representing a significant blind spot in the field of medicine. The relatively similar symptom profiles of individual PAISs, irrespective of the infectious agent, as well as the overlap of clinical features with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), suggest the potential involvement of a common etiopathogenesis. Read More

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Breast Implant-Associated Immunological Disorders.

J Immunol Res 2022 4;2022:8536149. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Indiana Center for Regenerative Medicine and Engineering, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Background: Breast implants are commonly placed postbreast cancer reconstruction, cosmetic augmentation, and gender-affirming surgery. Breast implant illness (BII) is a systemic complication associated with breast implants. Patients with BII may experience autoimmune symptoms including fatigue, difficulty concentrating, hair loss, weight change, and depression. Read More

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Cytokine network analysis in a community-based pediatric sample of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.

Chronic Illn 2022 May 16:17423953221101606. Epub 2022 May 16.

Feinberg School of Medicine, 12244Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objectives: Studies have demonstrated immune dysfunction in adolescents with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS); however, evidence is varied. The current study used network analysis to examine relationships between cytokines among a sample of pediatric participants with ME/CFS.

Methods: 10,119 youth aged 5-17 in the Chicagoland area were screened for ME/CFS; 111 subjects and controls were brought in for a physician examination and completed a blood draw. Read More

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A new non-human primate model of desiccating stress-induced dry eye disease.

Sci Rep 2022 May 13;12(1):7957. Epub 2022 May 13.

PriMed Non-Human Primate Research Center of Sichuan PriMed Shines Bio-Tech Co., Ltd., Ya'an, 625000, Sichuan, China.

Dry eye disease (DED), a multifactorial ocular surface disease, is estimated to affect up to 34% of individuals over 50 years old. Although numerous animal models, including rodents and rabbits, have been developed to mimic the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in dry eye, there is a lack of non-human primate (NHP) models, critical for translational drug studies. Here, we developed a novel desiccating stress-induced dry eye disease model using Rhesus macaque monkeys. Read More

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Children With PANS May Manifest POTS.

Front Neurol 2022 26;13:819636. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Division of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States.

Objectives: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) is characterized by an abrupt-onset of severe psychiatric symptoms including OCD, anxiety, cognitive difficulties, and sleep issues which is thought to be a post-infection brain inflammatory disorder. We observed postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) which resolved with immunomodulation in a patient with Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS). Here, we aim to present a case of POTS and to examine the prevalence of (POTS) in our PANS cohort, and compare the clinical characteristics of patients with and without POTS. Read More

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Whole-exome sequencing in a subject with fluctuating neuropsychiatric symptoms, immunoglobulin G1 deficiency, and subsequent development of Crohn's disease: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 11;16(1):187. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Saint Peter's University Hospital (SPUH), New Brunswick, USA.

Background: Mutations or polymorphisms of genes that are associated with inflammasome functions are known to predispose individuals to Crohn's disease and likely affect clinical presentations and responses to therapeutic agents in patients with Crohn's disease. The presence of additional gene mutations/polymorphisms that can modify immune responses may further affect clinical features, making diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease even more challenging. Whole-exome sequencing is expected to be instrumental in understanding atypical presentations of Crohn's disease and the selection of therapeutic measures, especially when multiple gene mutations/polymorphisms affect patients with Crohn's disease. Read More

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Fatigue in Cirrhosis.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2022 Mar-Apr;12(2):617-624. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Yashoda Hospitals, Secunderabad, India.

Fatigue is a common symptom in patients with liver disease and has a significant impact on the health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Its pathogenesis is poorly understood and is considered multifactorial. The liver is central in the pathogenesis of fatigue because it uniquely regulates much of the production, storage, and release of substrate for energy generation. Read More

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September 2021

3D Biofabrication of a Cardiac Tissue Construct for Sustained Longevity and Function.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 May 9;14(19):21800-21813. Epub 2022 May 9.

Inspired Materials & Stem-Cell Based Tissue Engineering Laboratory (IMSTEL), The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968, United States.

In this study, we developed three-dimensional (3D) printed annular ring-like scaffolds of hydrogel (gelatin-alginate) constructs encapsulated with a mixture of human cardiac AC16 cardiomyocytes (CMs), fibroblasts (CFs), and microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) as cardiac organoid models in preparation for investigating the role of microgravity in cardiovascular disease initiation and development. We studied the mechanical properties of the acellular scaffolds and confirmed their cell compatibility as well as heterocellular coupling for cardiac tissue engineering. Rheological analysis performed on the acellular scaffolds showed the scaffolds to be elastogenic with elastic modulus within the range of a native heart tissue. Read More

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Impact of frailty and viral load on acute kidney injury evolution in patients affected by Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021 Sep-Oct;32(5):1356-1364

Department of Health Science, Universidad Simón Bolivar; Department of Nephrology, Cost Clinic, Barranquilla, Colombia.

This paper describes the main characteristics of coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) patients suffering from acute kidney injury (AKI) assisted at a high complexity clinic in Barranquilla, Colombia. The patients included in this study (n = 48) were those with a positive diagnosis of COVID-19 confirmed by polymerase chain reaction detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, who had developed AKI during their hospital stay. Serum and urine parameters, as well as patient's viral load and clinical frailty scale (CFS) were recorded. Read More

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Skeletal Muscle in Hypoxia and Inflammation: Insights on the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Nutr 2022 22;9:865402. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Medical Surgical ad Health Science, Clinica Medica, Cattinara Hospital, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

SARS-CoV-2 infection is often associated with severe inflammation, oxidative stress, hypoxia and impaired physical activity. These factors all together contribute to muscle wasting and fatigue. In addition, there is evidence of a direct SARS-CoV-2 viral infiltration into skeletal muscle. Read More

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Alteration of Cortical Volume and Thickness in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Front Neurosci 2022 22;16:848730. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

National Center for Neuroimmunology and Emerging Diseases, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) patients suffer from neurocognitive impairment. In this study, we investigated cortical volumetric and thickness changes in ME/CFS patients and healthy controls (HC). We estimated mean surface-based cortical volume and thickness from 18 ME/CFS patients who met International Consensus Criteria (ICC) and 26 HC using FreeSurfer. Read More

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Neurovascular Dysregulation and Acute Exercise Intolerance in ME/CFS: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Pyridostigmine.

Chest 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is characterized by intractable fatigue, post-exertional malaise, and orthostatic intolerance, but its pathophysiology is poorly understood. Pharmacologic cholinergic stimulation was used to test the hypothesis that neurovascular dysregulation underlies exercise intolerance in ME/CFS.

Research Question: Does neurovascular dysregulation contribute to exercise intolerance in ME/CFS and can its treatment improve exercise capacity?

Methods: Forty-five subjects with ME/CFS were enrolled in a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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Validation of an electronic frailty index with electronic health records: eFRAGICAP index.

BMC Geriatr 2022 May 7;22(1):404. Epub 2022 May 7.

Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Metropolitana Nord, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Mataró, Spain.

Objective: To create an electronic frailty index (eFRAGICAP) using electronic health records (EHR) in Catalunya (Spain) and assess its predictive validity with a two-year follow-up of the outcomes: homecare need, institutionalization and mortality in the elderly. Additionally, to assess its concurrent validity compared to other standardized measures: the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC).

Methods: The eFRAGICAP was based on the electronic frailty index (eFI) developed in United Kingdom, and includes 36 deficits identified through clinical diagnoses, prescriptions, physical examinations, and questionnaires registered in the EHR of primary health care centres (PHC). Read More

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Danqi soft caspule prevents atrial fibrillation by ameliorating left atrial remodeling through inhibiting cardiac fibroblasts differentiation and function.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jul 26;101:154134. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Danqi soft capsule (DQ) is a Chinese herb medicine with a remarkable protective effect on cardio-cerebrovascular diseases.

Purpose: The study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of DQ on left atrial (LA) remodeling and atrial fibrillation (AF) occurrence in rats with post-myocardial infarction (MI) induced heart failure (HF).

Methods: MI in rats was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Read More

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OTUD7B (Cezanne) ameliorates fibrosis after myocardial infarction via FAK-ERK/P38 MAPK signaling pathway.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2022 Jul 3;724:109266. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Cardiology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 160 Pujian Road, Shanghai, 200127, China. Electronic address:

Fibrosis is one of the crucial reasons for cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding the underlying molecular mechanism that causes fibrosis is crucial to developing effective therapy. Recently, OUT domain-containing 7B (OTUD7B), also called Cezanne, a multifunctional deubiquitylate, has been found to play various roles in cancer and vascular diseases and control many important signaling pathways, including inflammation, proliferation, and so on. Read More

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Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection: relationship of central nervous system manifestations with physical disability and systemic inflammation.

Psychol Med 2022 May 6:1-12. Epub 2022 May 6.

Departamento de Medicina Legal, Etica Medica e Medicina Social e do Trabalho, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Despite the multitude of clinical manifestations of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC), studies applying statistical methods to directly investigate patterns of symptom co-occurrence and their biological correlates are scarce.

Methods: We assessed 30 symptoms pertaining to different organ systems in 749 adults (age = 55 ± 14 years; 47% female) during in-person visits conducted at 6-11 months after hospitalization due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including six psychiatric and cognitive manifestations. Symptom co-occurrence was initially investigated using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and latent variable modeling was then conducted using Item Response Theory (IRT). Read More

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Case Report: Therapeutic Use of Ibrutinib in a Patient With Schnitzler Syndrome.

Front Immunol 2022 20;13:894464. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Hematology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Schnitzler syndrome is a rare adult-onset acquired autoinflammatory disorder typically characterized by chronic urticarial rash and immunoglobulin M (IgM) (rarely IgG) monoclonal gammopathy. Its clinical symptoms usually respond well to interleukin-1 blockade therapy, which, however, does not impact the underlying monoclonal gammopathy. Herein, we described a female patient who presented with urticarial rash, recurrent fevers, and fatigue for 7 years. Read More

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Advances in the management of fibromyalgia: what is the state of the art?

Authors:
Roland Staud

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2022 May 4:1-11. Epub 2022 May 4.

Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome associated with fatigue, insomnia, dyscognition, and emotional distress. Critical illness mechanisms include central sensitization to nociceptive and non-nociceptive stimuli often resulting in hypersensitivity to all sensory input.

Areas Covered: The clinical presentation of FM can vary widely and therefore requires therapies tailored to each patient's set of symptoms. Read More

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Comparison of the predictive ability of clinical frailty scale and hospital frailty risk score to determine long-term survival in critically ill patients: a multicentre retrospective cohort study.

Crit Care 2022 05 3;26(1):121. Epub 2022 May 3.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is the most commonly used frailty measure in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The hospital frailty risk score (HFRS) was recently proposed for the quantification of frailty. We aimed to compare the HFRS with the CFS in critically ill patients in predicting long-term survival up to one year following ICU admission. Read More

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Obesity is a risk factor for decrease in lung function after COVID-19 infection in children with asthma.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Pediatric Allergy, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: It is not clear whether asthma, the most frequent chronic disease in childhood, is a risk for severe SARS-CoV-2 infection in the pediatric population and how SARS-CoV-2 infection affects the lung functions in these patients.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the course and the consequences of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children with asthma and determine the risk factors for the decline in lung function tests (LFTs).

Methods: In this retrospective study, asthmatic children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were compared with a random control group of asthmatic patients without COVID-19. Read More

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Autologous platelet-rich plasma eye drop versus artificial tear eye drop for symptomatic dry eye disease: A prospective comparative interventional study.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 05;70(5):1549-1553

Department of Ophthalmology, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, M. Y. Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (aPRP) eye drop and artificial tear (AT) eye drop in moderate to severe symptomatic dry eye disease (DED).

Methods: This prospective interventional study included 121 eyes of 61 patients of moderate to severe DED. Patients were divided into aPRP (31 patients) and AT (30 patients) group. Read More

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Findings from a survey about hidradenitis suppurativa in the Netherlands.

Authors:

Br J Dermatol 2022 05;186(5):e200-e219

Linked Article: Prens et al. Br J Dermatol 2022; 186:814-822. Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a long-term, recurrent and painful disease where there is inflammation (redness, tenderness and swelling) in the armpits, breasts and groin. Read More

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Impact of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) on the quality of life of people with ME/CFS and their partners and family members: an online cross-sectional survey.

BMJ Open 2022 May 2;12(5):e058128. Epub 2022 May 2.

Division of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) on the quality of life (QoL) of people with ME/CFS and their relative or partner (family member).

Design: A patient-partner, multinational, subject-initiated, cross-sectional online survey.

Setting: International survey using ME/CFS charities, support groups and social media. Read More

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Molecular Hydrogen as a Medical Gas for the Treatment of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Possible Efficacy Based on a Literature Review.

Front Neurol 2022 11;13:841310. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Research and Development, MiZ Company Limited, Kamakura, Japan.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a disorder that is characterized by fatigue that persists for more than 6 months, weakness, sleep disturbances, and cognitive dysfunction. There are multiple possible etiologies for ME/CFS, among which mitochondrial dysfunction plays a major role in abnormal energy metabolism. The potential of many substances for the treatment of ME/CFS has been examined; however, satisfactory outcomes have not yet been achieved. Read More

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