37,607 results match your criteria Cholelithiasis Imaging


Novel peroral direct digital cholangioscopy-assisted lithotripsy using a monorail technique through the overtube in patients with surgically altered anatomy (with video).

Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

The efficacy of cholangioscopy-assisted lithotripsy for difficult stones such as huge stones, multiple large stones and an impacted stone in patients with non-altered anatomy have been reported. Herein, we describe peroral direct digital cholangioscopy (PDCS)-assisted electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) with a new technique in patients with surgically altered anatomy. Five patients received PDCS-assisted EHL with the monorail technique because of surgically altered anatomy, due to failed conventional stone extraction. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A two-stage versus single-stage procedure for the management of cholecysto-choledocholithiasis in elderly patients: a retrospectively cohort study.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2018 Dec 3;111. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Yancheng City No. 1 People's Hospital.

Background: there is an increasing incidence rate of cholecysto-choledocholithiasis associated with the increasing proportion of senile individuals.

Methods: a total of 100 elderly patients (over 80 years of age) suffering both from cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis were retrospectively studied from January 2010 to December 2016. Patients were scheduled for either a single-stage or two-stage procedure. Read More

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December 2018

Localized pancreatic Castleman disease presenting with extrahepatic dilatation of bile ducts: A case report and review of published cases.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 20;54:28-33. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Av. José de Sá Maniçoba, S/N - Centro, CEP: 56304-917, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Castleman disease (CD) is a rare polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, which usually develops in the mediastinum. It can also occur in the cervical, retroperitoneal and axillary regions. Localized pancreatic CD is quite rare [1]. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Hereditary spherocytosis: Retrospective evaluation of 65 children.

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(3):264-269

Department of Pediatric Hematology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Güngör A, Yaralı N, Fettah A, Ok-Bozkaya İ, Özbek N, Kara A. Hereditary spherocytosis: Retrospective evaluation of 65 children. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 264-269. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Surgical ultrasonography at the bedside: a comparison of surgical trainees with trained sonographers for symptomatic cholelithiasis - a first Australian experience.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Symptomatic cholelithiasis accounts for a significant burden of emergency general surgical presentations in Australia and the Western population. Access to hepatobiliary ultrasonography to facilitate diagnosis can lead to delays in timely treatment. Surgical ultrasonography at the bedside (SUB) can mitigate this barrier to patient care. Read More

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November 2018

Percutaneous transhepatic use of rigid bronchial forceps as bailout in difficult biliary stent retrieval.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Feb 20;14(2):246-250. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, University of Texas-Houston McGovern Medical School, 6431 Fannin Street, Suite 2.132, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Endoscopic retrieval of embedded, proximally migrated, or fractured plastic biliary stents may be technically challenging and sometimes unsuccessful. Percutaneous transhepatic techniques have previously been described to assist in such challenging cases. Here in, we describe a difficult case in which all commonly described endoscopic and percutaneous techniques failed to retrieve a proximally migrated, fractured, and looped plastic biliary stent. Read More

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February 2019

Comments of manuscript: ultrasound characteristics and outcome of prenatally diagnosed fetal cholelithiasis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b School of Medicine , Universidad Espíritu Santo , Samborondón , Ecuador.

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November 2018

Comprehensive metabolic profile of phenolic acids and flavonoids in Glechomae Herba using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry with diagnostic ion filtering strategy.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 16;164:615-629. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

The National Pharmaceutical Engineering Center (NPEC) for Solid Preparation in Chinese Herbal Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 56 Yangming Road, Jiangxi, Nanchang 330006, China. Electronic address:

Glechomae Herba (GH), a traditional Chinese medicine, is commonly used for the treatment of urolithiasis and cholelithiasis based on its diuretic and cholagogic actions. However, relatively few studies have been conducted to describe this medicine's metabolites. Therefore, an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) analysis with diagnostic product ions and neutral loss filtering strategy was established for the metabolic profiling profile of GH. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Single-operator Peroral Cholangioscope in Treating Difficult Biliary Stones: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Dig Endosc 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Objectives: Current evidence supporting the utility of single-operator peroral cholangioscope (SOPOC) in the management of difficult bile duct stones is limited. We conducted the present systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SOPOC in treating difficult bile duct stones.

Methods: We searched studies up to April 2018, using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Elective cholecystectomy as a rare presentation of metastatic breast cancer.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;2018(11):rjy301. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Surgical Department, Centro Hospitalar Entre Douro e Vouga, E.P.E., Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal.

Cholecystectomy leads, occasionally, to the diagnosis of subclinical primary carcinomas and rarely metastatic tumors. The authors report the diagnosis of gallbladder metastasis after an elective cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Histological examination disclosed a metastasis from a lobular breast carcinoma. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients Supported with a Left Ventricular Assist Device.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

5 Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, North Carolina.

Background: An increasing number of end-stage heart failure patients are supported with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and must be maintained on consistent anticoagulation. These patients are experiencing prolonged survival and, in some, there is development of new biliary disease. However, safety and outcomes of this procedure in this unique patient group is not well reported. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

An Unusual Case of Acute Cholecystitis with Amyloidosis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Intern Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Gastroenterology, Kyoto City Hospital, Japan.

We present an extremely rare case of amyloid A (AA) deposition in the gallbladder and review the literature on similar cases. The patient was a 76-year-old man who had been diagnosed with mild bronchiectasis three years previously, who was admitted to the hospital with right upper quadrant pain and fever. Computed tomography revealed swelling and wall thickening of the gallbladder with a small gallstone. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Cholecystokinin secretion is suppressed by glucagon-like peptide-1: clue to the mechanism of the adverse gallbladder events of GLP-1-derived drugs.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2018 Nov 19:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

f Department of Endocrinology, Bispebjerg Hospital , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objective: Recent randomized and controlled trials of drugs derived from the gut hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) show that the most frequent adverse symptoms are gastrointestinal, including gallbladder-related side effects such as cholithiasis and cholecystitis. Since the gut hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) stimulates bile secretion and regulates gallbladder motility and emptying, we examined the effect of GLP-1 on the secretion of CCK in normal subjects and patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Materials And Methods: Plasma was sampled from 10 healthy subjects and 10 patients with diabetes. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Expanding the mutational spectrum of the ABCB4 gene in inherited adult cholestatic liver disorders with four novel pathogenic variants: case reports.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2018 Nov 19;111. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Genetics service, Laboratoire commun de Biologie et Génétique Moléculaires, Hôpitaux universitaires Est Parisien, hôpi, France.

Low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are two MDR3-related inherited liver disorders caused by biallelic or monoallelic ABCB4 loss-of-function variants. Low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis is clinically characterized by the early onset of symptomatic cholelithiasis in young adults while intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a distinct clinical entity associated with adverse fetal outcomes. Of note, patients carrying ABCB4 sequence variations commonly exhibit phenotypic expression over a wide continuum due to environmental and hormonal contributing factors and genetic modifiers. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Functional analysis of the correlation between ABCB11 gene mutation and primary intrahepatic stone.

Mol Med Rep 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Institute of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing 400038, P.R. China.

The adenosine 5'‑triphosphate binding cassette subfamily B member (ABCB)11 gene is involved in bile transport, and mutations in this gene are associated with cholestasis and cholelithiasis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between ABCB11 gene mutation and primary intrahepatic stone (PIS)s and to investigate the mechanism through which ABCB11 gene mutations affect the expression of the corresponding protein. Mutations of the ABCB11 gene in 443 PIS patients and 560 healthy participants were detected by exon sequencing. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Dedifferentiated liposarcoma of the gallbladder: first reported case.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Nov 12;16(1):221. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Surgery, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Background: Liposarcoma of the gallbladder is an extremely rare sarcoma, with only five cases reported in the literature according to our knowledge.

Case Presentation: A 71-year-old woman was referred to the Surgical Oncology Division of Napoleão Laureano Hospital (João Pessoa, PB, Brazil) due to a solid mass at the right side of the abdomen and fever, with no signs of jaundice. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) evidenced an extensive gallbladder lobular formation adhered to the inferior border of the right hepatic lobe and cholelithiasis. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Liver Presented in a Patient with Cholelithiasis.

Cureus 2018 Aug 29;10(8):e3231. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

2nd Department of Surgery, Aretaieio Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, GRC.

An inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver is a rare tumor-like lesion consisting of an inflammatory infiltrate that often can mimic a malignant liver neoplasm. The cause of an inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver is unknown, but it has been reported to be associated with different comorbid conditions most likely inflammatory or infectious in origin. We present an 83-year-old female who presented with a symptomatic gallstones disease and an incidental finding of inflammatory pseudotumor mimicking intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in preoperative liver imaging. Read More

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August 2018
9 Reads

Ursodeoxycholic acid after common bile duct stones removal for prevention of recurrence: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(45):e13086

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.

Introduction: The recurrence rate of common bile duct stones (CBDS) after removal has been reported to exceed 10% and no established pharmacologic treatment exists for the prevention of recurrent CBDS. Many studies indicated ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has the potential to prevent the recurrence of CBDS. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the effects of UDCA for prevention of recurrence after common bile duct stones removal. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Proteasome Activity and C-Reactive Protein Concentration in the Course of Inflammatory Reaction in Relation to the Type of Abdominal Operation and the Surgical Technique Used.

Mediators Inflamm 2018 14;2018:2469098. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Biology, Medical University of Białystok, Mickiewicza 2A, 15-089 Białystok, Poland.

Surgical tissue damage and the accompanying inflammatory response lead to proteasome activation, initiation of damaged protein degradation, and induction of acute-phase inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of change in proteasome chymotrypsin-like (ChT-L) activity and C-reactive protein concentration depending on the degree of tissue damage and their correlation with prealbumin concentrations in children before and after abdominal surgery. This experimental study included children who underwent abdominal surgery between 2015 and 2017. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

[Chinese guidelines for ERCP (2018)].

Authors:

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;57(11):772-801

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was reported for the first time in 1970s. Since then, ERCP has become an indispensable procedure in the diagnosis and management of a variety of biliary and pancreatic disorders. The main purpose of Chinese ERCP guideline is to precisely define the clinical indications of ERCP. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Management of biliary acute pancreatitis.

J Visc Surg 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Service de chirurgie digestive, oncologique, endocrinienne et transplantation hépatique, université François Rabelais, hôpital Trousseau, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tours, 37170 Tours, France.

Acute pancreatitis is a frequent pathology with 11,000 to 13,000 new cases per year in France. A biliary origin (30 to 70% of the cases) should be suspected when alanine amino-transferases are elevated during the first 48 hours, and it is confirmed by the presence of gallstones at trans abdominal ultrasound. Abdominal computed-tomography scan is performed around the fifth day, and is repeated according to clinical and biological evolution. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Intraoperative cholangiography versus magnetic resonance cholangiography in patients with mild acute biliary pancreatitis: A prospective study in a second-level hospital.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(44):e12976

Department of General Surgery, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca", Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Cholecystectomy is the only definitive management of pancreatitis secondary to gallstone disease. Approximately 20% to 30% of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) will have persistent common bile duct (CBD) stones. Therefore, choosing a method for the early diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is essential to reduce waiting days for surgery and hospital stay in these patients. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Hemochromatosis associated with cholelithiasis as a cause of hydrops fetalis and stillbirth: Prenatal diagnosis.

J Clin Ultrasound 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Embryo-Fetopathology, Maternity and Neonatology Center, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Prenatal diagnosis of neonatal hemochromatosis (NH) is usually raised in front of fetal hepatomegaly and heterogeneous liver architecture. We describe a novel sonographic feature that may be associated with NH. Ultrasound demonstrated reticulonodular liver and distended gallbladder with multiple gallstones in a hydropic fetus. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Frequency of gallstones and mean BMI in decompensated cirrhosis.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 13;30:123. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistani.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of gallstones in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and to know about mean Body mass index (BMI) in patients of decompensated cirrhosis i.e End stage liver disease (ESLD) with and without gallstones.

Methods: it is a cross sectional descriptive study, conducted at the department of Hepato-gastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi from 1 August 2014 to 28 February 2015. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Splenectomy in hemolitic disorders. Influence of Gilbert's disease in the occurrence of biliary complications].

Cir Pediatr 2018 Oct 17;31(4):166-170. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica. Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe. Valencia.

Introduction: In patients with hemolytic disorders (HD) splenectomy is recommended between 6-12 years. A higher risk of biliary complications (BC) has been described in those with associated Gilbert's disease (GD), but the ideal surgical age has not been stablished yet. Our aim is to quantify the risk of BC in patients with HD and GD to assess the benefit of early splenectomy. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

ABCB4 Gene Aberrations in Human Liver Disease: An Evolving Spectrum.

Semin Liver Dis 2018 Nov 24;38(4):299-307. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center, Saarland University, Homburg, Germany.

ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 4 (ABCB4) is a phospholipid translocator at the canalicular membrane of the hepatocyte, which "flops" phosphatidylcholine into bile. Dysfunction of this transporter due to gene variants can cause liver diseases and has been called ABCB4 deficiency. Several diseases including progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3), low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis (LPAC), a subgroup of patients developing intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), drug-induced liver injury and chronic cholangiopathy with biliary fibrosis and cirrhosis were attributed to ABCB4 deficiency and characterized in the past decade. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

[Radiologic diagnostics of the gall bladder and bile ducts-part 1 : Imaging techniques-normal variants and congenital disorders-cholelithiasis].

Radiologe 2018 Nov;58(11):1021-1034

Kinderradiologie im Dr. von Haunerschen Kinderspital der Radiologischen Klinik und Poliklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Deutschland.

Upper abdominal pain, icterus and cholestasis are the main symptoms leading to evaluation of the biliary tract. Since the advent of contrast-enhanced ultrasound techniques the accuracy of bile duct imaging has significantly improved. This is also true for computed tomography using isotropic secondary reconstructions as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including MR cholangiography (MRC), classically and after iv injection of hepatobiliary contrast agent. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A Case of Granulocytic Sarcoma or Extramedullary Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia of the Gallbladder.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Oct 24;19:1262-1266. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine, Milford Regional Medical Center, Milford, MA, USA.

BACKGROUND Granulocytic sarcoma, or 'chloroma,' due to extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or due to acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML M5), is rare and is associated with a poor prognosis. This report is of a case of granulocytic sarcoma of the gallbladder and describes the approach to diagnosis and treatment. CASE REPORT A 74-year-old Hispanic woman from Ecuador presented to the emergency department with a five-day history of fever, jaundice, and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Cholecystocolonic fistula with a giant colonic gallstone: the mainstay of treatment in an acute setting.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Oct 16;2018(10):rjy278. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Service de Chirurgie Colorectale, 5415 Boul de l'Assomption, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

A cholecystoenteric fistula (CEF) is a rare complication of cholelithiasis with cholecystitis. Cholecystocolonic fistulas (CCFs) account for 8-26.5% of all CEFs. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Recent advances in understanding and managing cholesterol gallstones.

F1000Res 2018 24;7. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Clinica Medica "A. Murri", Department of Biomedical Sciences & Human Oncology, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy.

The high prevalence of cholesterol gallstones, the availability of new information about pathogenesis, and the relevant health costs due to the management of cholelithiasis in both children and adults contribute to a growing interest in this disease. From an epidemiologic point of view, the risk of gallstones has been associated with higher risk of incident ischemic heart disease, total mortality, and disease-specific mortality (including cancer) independently from the presence of traditional risk factors such as body weight, lifestyle, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. This evidence points to the existence of complex pathogenic pathways linking the occurrence of gallstones to altered systemic homeostasis involving multiple organs and dynamics. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Gastrinoma of Cystic Duct: A Rare Association With Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1.

J Clin Med Res 2018 Nov 9;10(11):843-847. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrine Unit, Medical School and Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of cystic duct are extremely rare, accounting for less than 2% of NET cases. The association of biliary tree NET and multiple endocrine neoplasm type 1 (MEN1) are even more rare. In this report, we described a case of a 65-year-old woman who was referred to our neuroendocrine outpatient clinic to investigate MEN1 after an incidental diagnosis of gastrinoma. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Risk Factors of Cholelithiasis Unrelated to Hematological Disorders in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cholecystectomy.

Gastroenterology Res 2018 Oct 1;11(5):346-348. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Pediatric Surgery Unit, Salesi Children Academic Hospital, Ancona, Italy.

Background: Pediatric cholelithiasis unrelated to hematological disorders is an increasing disease. We analyzed our experience in the surgical treatment of these cases to evaluate risk factors, clinical presentation, intervention and follow-up.

Methods: From January 2010 to December 2016, we retrospectively recorded all data (hematological study, familiarity, use of lithogenic drugs and parenteral nutrition) of cholecystectomies for cholelithiasis not related to hematological diseases. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Ten years of follow-up of bilio-intestinal bypass: is malabsorption necessary for long-term metabolic results?

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Nov 20;403(7):873-879. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Endocrinology, Gastroenterology and Surgery, University Hospital of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Background: Bilio-intestinal bypass (BIBP) is an uncommon bariatric procedure. In 1999, a prospective trial was started at our institution to evaluate the effectiveness of BIBP. Trial was interrupted in 2006 due to high rate of complications. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Gallstones and Biliary Colic.

JAMA 2018 10;320(15):1612

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October 2018
1 Read

Acute pancreatitis in children: A single center experience over ten years.

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(2):153-158

Departments of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey.

Sağ E, Kaya G, Bahat-Özdoğan E, Karahan SC, İmamoğlu M, Sarıhan H, Çakır M. Acute pancreatitis in children: A single center experience over ten years. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 153-158. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Identification and replication of six new loci associated with gallstone disease.

Hepatology 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Rigshospitalet.

Gallstone disease is a common complex disease that confers a substantial economic burden on society. The genetic underpinnings of gallstone disease remain incompletely understood. We aimed to identify new genetic associations with gallstone disease using publicly available data from the UK Biobank and two large Danish cohorts. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Cholelithiasis and Related Morbidity in Chronic Intestinal Failure: a Longitudinal Cohort Study from a National Specialized Centre.

J Gastrointest Surg 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Irving National Intestinal Failure Unit and The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, M6 8HD, UK.

Background: Short-term studies have shown that patients with type III intestinal failure often develop gallstones and have recommended prophylactic cholecystectomy. In this retrospective cohort study, we aimed to define the incidence and clinical consequences of cholelithiasis over an extended time period, in order to refine the role of prophylactic cholecystectomy in type III intestinal failure.

Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from a prospectively maintained audit. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Colonic Gallstone Ileus: A Rare Case.

GE Port J Gastroenterol 2018 Sep 16;25(5):277-278. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal, Setúbal, Portugal.

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September 2018
2 Reads

Double pouched, sigmoid gallbladder that can cause a diagnostic dilemma to radiologists: a case report.

Anat Cell Biol 2018 Sep 28;51(3):209-211. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Gallbladder shows frequent variations in position, shape, interior, and its duct system. These variations may go unnoticed lifelong; however, they may predispose it for cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. We observed a double pouched gallbladder in an adult male cadaver. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

A case of type II Mirizzi syndrome treated by simple endoscopic means.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Oct 8;2018(10):rjy257. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Surgery, Yan Chai Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Mirizzi syndrome is an uncommon complication of chronic cholelithiasis. Advancement in radiological modalities and minimally invasive surgery has led to improved pre-operative diagnoses and more laparoscopic cholecystectomies. But for unsuitable surgical candidates, endoscopy can be the definitive treatment. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Trends in the timing of inpatient ERCP relative to cholecystectomy need to be improved.

Gastrointest Endosc 2018 11;88(5):884-885

Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, Guangdong, China.

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November 2018
1 Read

Stone in the distal jejunum presenting as small bowel obstruction: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 4;52:20-22. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of General Surgery, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan.

Introduction: Gallstone ileus is a rare presentation of cholelithiasis accounting for around 4% of cases of small bowel obstruction under 65 years of age but rises to 25% in those more than 65 years of age. Most gall stones, if impact in the bowel, are seen to lodge at the ileocecal valve as this is the most narrow part of the bowel.

Presentation Of Case: We present a case of small intestinal obstruction because of a gallstone stuck in the distal jejunum. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Choledocholithiasis.

JAMA 2018 10;320(14):1506

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October 2018
6 Reads

A rare case of paraganglioma of the cystic duct.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 1;52:16-19. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, United States.

Introduction: Biliary system paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors of embryonic neural crest origin. The majority is asymptomatic and incidentally found due to gallbladder functional disorders. Herein, we present a non-functional, 2. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

A new clinical-ultrasound score to predict difficult videolaparocholecystectomies: A prospective study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Nov 22;35:59-63. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

General Surgery Unit "V. Bonomo", Department of Emergency and Transplantation of Organs, University of Bari, P.zza G. Cesare 11, 70124, Bari, Italy.

Background: The gold standard treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis is videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy (VLC). The aim of this study is to produce a predictive clinical ultrasound (US) score for difficult VLC to reduce the rate of conversion to open cholecystectomy surgery and intra and/or post-operative complications.

Methods: In this prospective study carried out in 2017 we enrolled 135 patients (pts) who underwent VLC in our General Surgery Unit. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

"Aged" autopsy gallstones simulating dry bone context: A morphological, histological and SEM-EDS analysis.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Oct 4;24:60-65. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

LABANOF, Laboratorio Di Antropologia E Odontologia Forense, Sezione Di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento Di Scienze Biomediche per La Salute, Università Degli Studi Di Milano, 20133, Milan, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this paper is to provide information on the morphology and composition of gallstones based on clinical samples in order to assist paleopathologists and bioarchaeologists in recognizing their presence in archaeological contexts.

Materials And Methods: 270 gallstones were extracted and macerated from autopsies conducted at the Istituto di Medicina Legale in Milan (Italy) in order to simulate a dry bone recovered from archaeological contexts. Morphological, histological, and elemental variation was documented. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with Laparotomic Small-Intestinal Incision Approach for Extraction of a Common Bile Duct (CBD) Stone Following Total Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y (R-Y) Anastomosis: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Oct 3;19:1175-1178. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery I, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

BACKGROUND Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for common bile duct stone in patients who underwent gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y anastomosis is challenging. We report a case in which we performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography through a small-intestinal incision approach for a common bile duct stone, which had developed after total gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y anastomosis. CASE REPORT An 86-year-old woman with a history of laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy and R-Y anastomosis and incision of the common bile duct and cholecystectomy for common bile duct stone by open surgery 3 years ago presented with abdominal pain. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Repeated cardiac arrest caused by an air embolism during hepatic resection: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(39):e12639

Department of Anesthesia, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, PR China.

Rationale: Although venous air embolism (VAE) during liver operation has been reported occasionally, fatal VAE in hepatic resection is uncommon. Prompt detection of VAE by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is crucial for effective therapy. We describe a case of fatal VAE that caused repeated cardiac arrest during hepatic resection and was confirmed by TEE. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

Sarcomatous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(39):e12549

Department of General Surgery.

Rationale: Sarcomatous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is a rare histological variant of cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Previous medical literature has not mentioned the prevalence of this kind of disease, but a poorer prognosis than that of ordinary ICC was indicated. The diagnosis of the sarcomatous ICC is established on histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations. Read More

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September 2018
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