7,628 results match your criteria Chiropractic & Osteopathy [Journal]


2017 Letter From the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians President.

Authors:
Robert C Nelson

J Chiropr Med 2017 Sep 25;16(3):262. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

President of the ACBSP, Lakewood, Colorado.

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September 2017

Update From President of the American Chiropractic Association Council on Chiropractic Pediatrics.

Authors:
Jennifer Brocker

J Chiropr Med 2017 Mar 12;16(1):84. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

President, American Chiropractic Association Council on Chiropractic Pediatrics.

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The interrater reliability of static palpation of the thoracic spine for eliciting tenderness and stiffness to test for a manipulable lesion.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 4;26:49. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1School of Health Professions, Murdoch University, 90 South Street, Murdoch, WA 6150 Australia.

Background: Despite widespread use by manual therapists, there is little evidence regarding the reliability of thoracic spine static palpation to test for a manipulable lesion using stiffness or tenderness as diagnostic markers. We aimed to determine the interrater agreement of thoracic spine static palpation for segmental tenderness and stiffness and determine the effect of standardised training for examiners. The secondary aim was to explore expert consensus on the level of segmental tenderness required to locate a "manipulable lesion". Read More

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December 2018

Integrative and complementary practices: use by community health agents in self-care.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2682-2688

Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: To verify the use of integrative and complementary practices (ICPs) by community health agents working in family health teams.

Methods: Cross-sectional, quantitative research, conducted in the city of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. An structured form was used for the characterization of participants and use of ICPs. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The Awareness of the Fascial System.

Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3397. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Osteopathy, (SOFI) School of French-Italian Osteopathy, Pisa, ITA.

Fascia is a cacophony of functions and information, a completely adaptable entropy complex. The fascial system has a solid and a liquid component, acting in a perfect symbiotic synchrony. Each cell communicates with the other cells by sending and receiving signals; this concept is a part of quantum physics and it is known as quantum entanglement: a physical system cannot be described individually, but only as a juxtaposition of multiple systems, where the measurement of a quantity determines the value for other systems. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Systems change to improve tobacco use identification and referral in the chiropractic setting: a pilot study.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 26;26:45. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

5Roger Maris Cancer Center, Sanford Health, Fargo, ND 58102 USA.

Background: Tobacco use remains a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Health professionals need to address the use of tobacco products by their patients, but chiropractic clinical systems often remain unsupported and underappreciated in their role to facilitate tobacco use cessation.

Methods: This pilot study tested an intervention to assist a chiropractic community to implement sustainable health systems changes for tobacco use based on U. Read More

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November 2018

Paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area predicts low back disability but not pain intensity.

Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia.

Background And Context: The lumbar paraspinal muscles, including the erector spinae and multifidus, play an important role in movement and control of the spine. However, our understanding of their contribution to low back pain and disability is unclear. Systematic reviews have reported conflicting evidence for an association between paraspinal muscle size and low back pain, and a paucity of data examining muscle cross-sectional area and low back disability. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

What works for jetlag? A systematic review of non-pharmacological interventions.

Sleep Med Rev 2018 Nov 7;43:47-59. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Sleep Research Group, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Australia; Northern Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Jetlag is a combination of travel fatigue and circadian misalignment resulting from air travel across time zones. Routinely recommended interventions based on circadian science include timely exposure to light and darkness (scheduled sleep), but the real-world effectiveness of these and other non-circadian strategies is unknown. We systematically reviewed the evidence for non-pharmacological interventions for jetlag. Read More

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November 2018

Assessment of chiropractic care on strength, balance, and endurance in active-duty U.S. military personnel with low back pain: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2018 Dec 5;19(1):671. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The Spine Institute for Quality, 102 2nd Street, Davenport, IA, 52801,, USA.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability among U.S. military personnel. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cortical integration of bilateral nociceptive signals: when more is less.

Pain 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Chiropractic, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boul. Des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois- Rivières, QC, Canada, G9A 5H7.

Integration of nociceptive information is essential to produce adapted responses, in order to promote body integrity and survival. However, how the brain integrates nociceptive inputs from different body areas remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the cortical integration of bilateral nociceptive inputs evoked by laser heat stimuli. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Stakeholder expectations from the integration of chiropractic care into a rehabilitation setting: a qualitative study.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 4;18(1):316. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Palmer College of Chiropractic, 741 Brady Street, Davenport, IA, 52803, USA.

Background: Few studies have investigated patient and provider expectations of chiropractic care, particularly in multidisciplinary settings. This qualitative study explored stakeholder expectations of adding a chiropractor to the healthcare team at a rehabilitation specialty hospital.

Methods: The research methodology was an organizational case study with an inpatient facility for persons recovering from complex neurological conditions serving as the setting. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

GLA:D Back group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of back pain - development, theories and scientific evidence.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Nov 29;19(1):418. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark.

Background: Clinical guidelines recommend that people with back pain be given information and education about their back pain, advice to remain active and at work, and exercises to improve mobility and physical activity. Guidelines, however, rarely describe how this is best delivered. The aim of this paper is to present the development, theories, and underlying evidence for 'GLA:D Back' - a group education and exercise program that translates guideline recommendations into a clinician-delivered program for the promotion of self-management in people with persistent/recurrent back pain. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Current evidence for spinal X-ray use in the chiropractic profession: a narrative review.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 21;26:48. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

1Department of Chiropractic, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

The use of routine spinal X-rays within chiropractic has a contentious history. Elements of the profession advocate for the need for routine spinal X-rays to improve patient management, whereas other chiropractors advocate using spinal X-rays only when endorsed by current imaging guidelines. This review aims to summarise the current evidence for the use of spinal X-ray in chiropractic practice, with consideration of the related risks and benefits. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Newly qualified chiropractors' perceptions of preparedness for practice: A cross-sectional study of graduates from European training programs.

J Chiropr Educ 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to explore chiropractic graduates' perceived preparedness for practice in the 7 key competencies of the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists.

Methods: An anonymous 5-point Likert scale electronic questionnaire was distributed to graduates from the 2014-2016 cohorts of 9 European chiropractic colleges accredited by the European Council of Chiropractic Education. For each group under 1 competency role, the mean overall score was calculated. Read More

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November 2018

An Evaluation of PROMIS in Patients with Primary or Metastatic Spine Tumors.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective evaluation of prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: In spine tumor patients: 1) To assess the correlation of PROMIS Physical Function (PF), Pain Interference (PI) and Depression scores with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) scores; 2) To assess ceiling and floor effects of PROMIS PF, PI and Depression domains and the ODI/NDI.

Summary Of Background Data: There remains no widely used PRO instrument for spine tumor patients. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Association Between Pre-operative MRI Findings and Surgical Revision Within Three Years After Surgery for Lumbar Disc Herniation.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Denmark.

Study Design: This cohort study was an analysis of prospectively collected data in the DaneSpine Database.

Objective: The objective was to determine whether pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were associated with the frequency of surgical revision due to recurrent lumbar disc herniation (LDH) within three years after first-time, single-level, simple lumbar discectomy.

Summary Of Background Data: Because of a risk of poorer outcome in patients receiving revision surgery compared to first-time discectomy, there is a need to identify patients with LDH in risk of surgical revision prior to the primary discectomy. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The association between psychological and social factors and spinal pain in adolescents.

Eur J Pediatr 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense, Denmark.

Spinal pain, back pain, and/or neck pain begins early in life and is strongly associated with spinal pain in adulthood. Understanding the relationship between psychological and social factors and adolescent spinal pain may be important in both the prevention and treatment of spinal pain in this age group. We aimed to determine if psychological and social factors were associated with spinal pain in a cross-sectional study of a school-based cohort of 1279 Danish adolescents aged 11-13, who were categorized into "any" and "substantial" spinal pain. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Increasing the cervical and lumbar lordosis is possible despite overt osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis using extension traction to relieve low back and leg pain in a 66-year-old surgical candidate: a CBP case report.

J Phys Ther Sci 2018 Nov 6;30(11):1364-1369. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

CBP NonProfit, Inc., USA.

[Purpose] To present the case of the dramatic relief of low back pain, leg pain and disability in an older female with osteoarthritis, lumbar spinal stenosis and hypolordosis of the cervical and lumbar spine. [Participant and Methods] A 66-year-old female presented with chronic low back pain, right leg pain, numbness and weakness. Despite being recommended for surgery, the patient sought alternative treatment. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Exploring Chiropractic Services in the Canadian Forces Health Services - Perceptions of Facilitators and Barriers Among Key Informants.

Mil Med 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

University of Toronto, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, 155 College Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions have a significant impact on the health and operational readiness of military members. The Canadian Forces Health Services (CFHS) provides a spectrum of health services in managing Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel health care needs with on-base and off-base services provided by civilian and uniformed health care professionals, including chiropractors. Although chiropractic services are available in US DoD and VA systems, little is known about the facilitators and barriers to integrating on-base chiropractic services within the CFHS. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Reliability and validity of clinical tests to assess posture, pain location, and cervical spine mobility in adults with neck pain and its associated disorders: Part 4. A systematic review from the cervical assessment and diagnosis research evaluation (CADRE) collaboration.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 12 5;38:128-147. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), 2000, Simcoe St. N., Oshawa, Ontario, Canada; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), 2000, Simcoe St. N., Oshawa, Ontario, L1H 7K4, Canada.

Purpose: To determine the reliability and validity of clinical tests to assess posture, pain location, and cervical spine mobility in adults with grades I-IV neck pain and associated disorders (NAD).

Methods: We systematically searched electronic databases to update the systematic review of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders. Eligible reliability and validity studies were critically appraised using modified versions of the QAREL and QUADAS-2 instruments, respectively. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Post-infectious ankylosis of the cervical spine in an army veteran: a case report.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 30;26:40. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

2Department of Chiropractic Clinical Sciences, New York Chiropractic College, Seneca Falls, USA.

Background: Vertebral osteomyelitis is a rare, life-threatening condition. Successful management is dependent on prompt diagnosis and management with intravenous antibiotic therapy or surgery in addition to antibiotics. Reoccurrence is minimal after 1 year. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Interexaminer Reliability of Seated Motion Palpation for the Stiffest Spinal Site.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Sep 26;41(7):571-579. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Center for Chiropractic Research, New Zealand College of Chiropractic, Aukland, New Zealand.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the interexaminer reliability of palpation for stiffness in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spinal regions.

Methods: In this secondary data analysis, data from 70 patients from a chiropractic college outpatient clinic were analyzed. Two doctors of chiropractic palpated for the stiffest site within each spinal region. Read More

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September 2018
11 Reads

A mixed-method study of chiropractic student clinical immersion placements in nonmetropolitan Western Australia: .

J Chiropr Educ 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Objective:: To explore the influence of nonmetropolitan clinical immersion placements (CIPs) on undergraduate chiropractic student experience, professional attributes, and practice destination.

Methods:: Students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate chiropractic program were invited to complete a service experience questionnaire and an open-ended reflective feedback form following a nonmetropolitan CIP (Part A). Online searches were performed to gather data on graduate practice location (Part B). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A comparison of student performance and satisfaction between a traditional and integrative approach to teaching an introductory radiology course on the extremities.

J Chiropr Educ 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Objective:: The purpose of the study was to compare student performance and student satisfaction ratings for an introductory extremities radiology course taught using 2 different educational methods.

Methods:: One group of students was taught using a traditional face-to-face instruction method, and the other group received an integrative blended-learning approach. A multivariate analysis of scores on lecture and laboratory examinations was performed to detect differences in student performance between the 2 methods. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of Treatment Outcomes in Nonspecific Low-Back Pain Patients With and Without Modic Changes Who Receive Chiropractic Treatment.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Sep;41(7):561-570

Chiropractic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich, Orthopaedic University Hospital Balgrist, Zürich, Switzerland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if there was a difference in outcomes in patients with nonspecific low back pain, both with and without Modic changes (MCs), who received chiropractic care.

Methods: This prospective outcomes study included 112 patients with low back pain without disc herniation on magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were treated with spinal manipulative therapy. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

NTG-101: A Novel Molecular Therapy that Halts the Progression of Degenerative Disc Disease.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 14;8(1):16809. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Notogen Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The tremendous cost, pain and disability associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD) makes the development of a biological agent that can mitigate the course of DDD, a critical unmet need. We have identified and reported that a single injection of a combination of recombinant human (rh) Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) proteins into the injured intervertebral disc (IVD) nucleus pulposus (NP) can mediate DDD in a pre-clinical rodent model. In this study, we developed and evaluated the efficacy of a novel molecular therapy (NTG-101) containing rhTGF-β1 and rhCTGF proteins suspended in an excipient solution using in vivo models of DDD including rat-tail and chondrodystrophic (CD) canines. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Dynamic Postural Stability and Hearing Preservation after Cochlear Implantation.

Audiol Neurootol 2018 14;23(4):222-228. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich,

Objectives: (1) To assess dynamic postural stability before and after cochlear implantation using a functional gait assessment (FGA). (2) To evaluate the correlation between loss of residual hearing and changes in dynamic postural stability after cochlear implantation.

Methods: Candidates for first-sided cochlear implantation were prospectively included. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Learning spinal manipulation: Gender and expertise differences in biomechanical parameters, accuracy, and variability.

J Chiropr Educ 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Objective:: The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences and expertise effects on biomechanical parameters as well as force accuracy and variability for students learning spinal manipulation.

Methods:: A total of 137 fourth- and fifth-year students were recruited for the study. Biomechanical parameters (preload, time to peak force, peak force, rate of force), as well as accuracy and variability of thoracic spine manipulation performance, were evaluated during 5 consecutive trials using a force-sensing table and a target force of 450 N. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Case of Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Infarction after Cervical Chiropractic Manipulation.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 31;14(2):159-163. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

We describe the case of a patient who had infarction of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) after a chiropractic cervical manipulation. A 39-year-old man visited the emergency room with signs of cerebellar dysfunction, presenting with a 6-hour history of vertigo and imbalance. Two weeks ago, he was treated by a chiropractor for intermittent neck pain. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Investigation of Optimal Afferent Feedback Modality for Inducing Neural Plasticity with A Self-Paced Brain-Computer Interface.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 3;18(11). Epub 2018 Nov 3.

SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg 9220, Denmark.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can be used to induce neural plasticity in the human nervous system by pairing motor cortical activity with relevant afferent feedback, which can be used in neurorehabilitation. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal type or combination of afferent feedback modalities to increase cortical excitability in a BCI training intervention. In three experimental sessions, 12 healthy participants imagined a dorsiflexion that was decoded by a BCI which activated relevant afferent feedback: (1) electrical nerve stimulation (ES) (peroneal nerve-innervating tibialis anterior), (2) passive movement (PM) of the ankle joint, or (3) combined electrical stimulation and passive movement (Comb). Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Hypoxic stress: A risk factor for post-concussive hypopituitarism?

Med Hypotheses 2018 Dec 6;121:31-34. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Vienna Chiropractic Associates, P.C. (Private Practice of Chiropractic), 243 Church Street NW, #300-B, Vienna, VA 22180, USA. Electronic address:

Hypopituitarism diagnosed months or years following concussive injury can cause a variety of endocrine disturbances including insufficient secretion of human growth, luteinizing, follicle stimulating, thyroid stimulating, adrenocorticotrophic, and antidiuretic hormones. Recent evidence suggests that autoimmune reactions against pituitary and/or hypothalamic tissue constitute an etiologic factor for this hypopituitarism. One important trigger for autoimmunity is hypoxic stress. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Brain Mechanisms of Anticipated Painful Movements and Their Modulation by Manual Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain.

J Pain 2018 Nov 3;19(11):1352-1365. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

A. A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Heightened anticipation and fear of movement-related pain has been linked to detrimental fear-avoidance behavior in chronic low back pain (cLBP). Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been proposed to work partly by exposing patients to nonharmful but forceful mobilization of the painful joint, thereby disrupting the relationship among pain anticipation, fear, and movement. Here, we investigated the brain processes underpinning pain anticipation and fear of movement in cLBP, and their modulation by SMT, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

An EEG Experimental Study Evaluating the Performance of Texas Instruments ADS1299.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 1;18(11). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Health & Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0627, New Zealand.

Texas Instruments ADS1299 is an attractive choice for low cost electroencephalography (EEG) devices owing to its low power consumption and low input referred noise. To date, there have been no rigorous evaluations of its performance. In this EEG experimental study we evaluated the performance of the ADS1299 against a high quality laboratory-based system. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Low Back Pain: The Potential Contribution of Supraspinal Motor Control and Proprioception.

Neuroscientist 2018 Nov 2:1073858418809074. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

1 Integrative Spinal Research, Department of Chiropractic Medicine, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland.

Motor control, which relies on constant communication between motor and sensory systems, is crucial for spine posture, stability and movement. Adaptions of motor control occur in low back pain (LBP) while different motor adaption strategies exist across individuals, probably to reduce LBP and risk of injury. However, in some individuals with LBP, adapted motor control strategies might have long-term consequences, such as increased spinal loading that has been linked with degeneration of intervertebral discs and other tissues, potentially maintaining recurrent or chronic LBP. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Licensed Acupuncturists Join the Veterans Health Administration.

Authors:
Juli L Olson

Med Acupunct 2018 Oct 15;30(5):248-251. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Veterans Health Administration, Des Moines, IA.

This article introduces changes occurring in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) with respect to the delivery of acupuncture. The VHA has published a new occupation code and job qualification standard allowing licensed acupuncturists to practice at the VHA medical centers. This policy shift comes at a time of great need for complementary and integrative health (CIH) options for veterans as identified by the advancing research, policies, and legislation that support CIH. Read More

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October 2018

Use of multidomain management strategies by community dwelling adults with chronic pain: evidence from a systematic review.

Scand J Pain 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, The University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background and aims Multidomain strategies (i.e. two or more strategies) for managing chronic pain are recommended to avoid excessive use of opioids while producing the best outcomes possible. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Utilization of Low Back Pain Patient Reported Outcome Measures Within Chiropractic Literature: A Descriptive Review.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Sep 24;41(7):628-639. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the most commonly reported and utilized low back pain (LBP) Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) within the chiropractic literature and to investigate their temporal and methodological publication characteristics.

Methods: A systematic search of English-language publications in 5 electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane [CENTRAL], CINAHL/EBSCO, PsycINFO, and Index to Chiropractic Literature) was conducted for articles published from the inception of each database through June 2016.

Results: One hundred forty-four articles were retrieved that utilized 75 different LBP PROMs. Read More

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September 2018

Degenerative findings on MRI of the cervical spine: an inter- and intra-rater reliability study.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 16;26:43. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department for Diagnostic Imaging, Diagnostic Centre, University Research Clinic for Innovative Patient Pathways, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Falkevej 1-3, DK-8600 Silkeborg, Denmark.

Background: Knowledge about the assessment reliability of common cervical spine changes is a prerequisite for precise and consistent communication about Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-rater reliability of degenerative findings when assessing cervical spine MRI.

Methods: Fifty cervical spine MRIs from subjects with neck pain were used. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Short or long-term treatment of spinal disability in older adults with manipulation and exercise.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Integrative Health & Wellbeing Research Program at the Earl E. Bakken Center for Spirituality & Healing, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objective: Back and neck pain are associated with disability and loss of independence in older adults. It's unknown whether long-term management using commonly recommended treatments is superior to shorter-term treatment. This randomized clinical trial compared short-term treatment (12 weeks) versus long-term management (36 weeks) of back and neck related disability in older adults using spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) combined with supervised rehabilitative exercises (SRE). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome: Two sides of the same coin? A scoping review to determine the lexicon of the current diagnostic criteria.

Musculoskeletal Care 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Objective: Consistent terminology to describe the diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia (FM) and myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is required to address the reported inadequacies in diagnosis. The present review investigated intervention studies in FM and MPS populations to determine the lexicon of the current diagnostic criteria used to identify chronic musculoskeletal pain patients.

Methods: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a scoping review to review systematically the literature obtained from five scientific databases between 1997 and February 2017. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

A preliminary investigation examining patient reported outcome measures for low back pain and utilisation amongst chiropractors in Australia: facilitators and barriers to clinical implementation.

Chiropr Man Therap 2018 9;26:38. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Exercise & Health Sciences. School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, University Dr, Branyan, QLD 4670 Australia.

Background: The current utilisation of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) for low back pain (LBP) within the Australian Chiropractic profession is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the current utilisation of LBP PROMs amongst Chiropractors in Australia and to identify the potential barriers and facilitators of using PROMs for LBP in Chiropractic practice.

Methods: A cross sectional online survey was distributed to Chiropractors in Australia who were members of the Chiropractic Association of Australia (CAA) and Chiropractic Australia (CA) between June-August 2016. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Tackling low back pain in Brazil: a wake-up call.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Low back pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability in Brazil based upon Global Burden of Disease estimates. Since 1990, the number of years lived with disability has increased by 79.7%, and this number is expected to continue to rise due to population growth and ageing. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

The management of common recurrent headaches by chiropractors: a descriptive analysis of a nationally representative survey.

BMC Neurol 2018 Oct 17;18(1):171. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Level 8, Building 10, 235-253 Jones Street Ultimo, Sydney, NSW, 2007, Australia.

Background: Headache management is common within chiropractic clinical settings; however, little is yet known about how this provider group manage headache sufferers. The aim of this study is to report on the prevalence of headache patients found within routine chiropractic practice and to assess how chiropractors approach key aspects of headache management applicable to primary care settings.

Methods: A 31-item cross-sectional survey was distributed to a national sample of chiropractors (n = 1050) to report on practitioner approach to headache diagnosis, interdisciplinary collaboration, treatment and outcome assessment of headache patients who present with recurrent headache disorders. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Spinal Manipulative Therapy Effects in Autonomic Regulation and Exercise Performance in Recreational Healthy Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Physiology Unit, Systems Biology Department, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain.

Study Design: Randomized, double blind, parallel groups, sham-controlled trial.

Objective: To analyse the acute effects of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) on performance and autonomic modulation.

Summary Of Background Data: The use of SMT is progressively spreading from the clinical to the sporting context owing to its purported ergogenic effects. Read More

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October 2018

The Role of Vitamin D in the Pathogenesis of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 16;12(6):1127-1145. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Grace Act Chiropractic Centre Ltd., Hong Kong.

Several theories have been proposed to explain the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) until present. However, limited data are available regarding the impact of vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency on scoliosis. Previous studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are prevalent in adolescents, including AIS patients. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Researchers, Patients, and Stakeholders Evaluating Comparative-Effectiveness Research: A Mixed-Methods Study of the PCORI Reviewer Experience.

Value Health 2018 10 12;21(10):1161-1167. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), Washington, DC, USA.

Objectives: The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) includes patients and stakeholders alongside scientists in reviewing research applications using unique review criteria including patient-centeredness and patient and/or stakeholder engagement. To support extension of this unique collaborative model to other funders, information from the reviewers on the review process is needed to understand how scientists and nonscientists evaluate research proposals together. Thus, this study aimed to describe reviewers' perspectives of the interactions during the in-person review panel; to examine the value and challenges of including scientists, patients, and stakeholders together; and to understand the perceived importance of PCORI's review criteria. Read More

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October 2018
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Unique Review Criteria and Patient and Stakeholder Reviewers: Analysis of PCORI's Approach to Research Funding.

Value Health 2018 10 8;21(10):1152-1160. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), Washington, DC, USA; Arthritis Foundation, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) uses a unique approach to Merit Review that includes patients and stakeholders as reviewers with scientists, and includes unique review criteria (patient-centeredness and active engagement of end users in the research). This study assessed the extent to which different reviewer types influence review scores and funding outcomes, the emphasis placed on technical merit compared to other criteria by a multistakeholder panel, and the impact of the in-person discussion on agreement among different reviewer types.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of administrative data from PCORI online and in-person Merit Review (N = 1312 applications from the five funding cycles from November 2013 to August 2015). Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

French-Canadian adaptation and validation of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Human Kinetics, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.

Study Design: Observational prospective study.

Objective: The study objective was to assess the reliability and validity of the French-Canadian version (FCSSSQ) of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis questionnaire (SSSQ).

Summary Of Background Data: The SSSQ is a validated disease-specific tool developed to assess pain, function and satisfaction with care in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Read More

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October 2018

Group and Individual-level Change on Health-related Quality of Life in Chiropractic Patients with Chronic Low Back or Neck Pain.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA.

Study Design: Prospective observational study.

Objective: To evaluate group-level and individual-level change in health-related quality of life among persons with chronic low back pain or neck pain receiving chiropractic care in the United States.

Summary Of Background Data: Chiropractors treat chronic low back and neck pain, but there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of their treatment METHODS. Read More

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October 2018
12 Reads