7,689 results match your criteria Chiropractic & Manual Therapies [Journal]


Student and new graduate perception of hospital versus institutional clinic for clinical educational experience.

J Chiropr Educ 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Objective:: To explore final-year students and new graduates from 2 North American chiropractic colleges regarding perceptions of the clinical educational experience in a hospital vs the institutional clinical setting.

Methods:: A qualitative exploratory descriptive design was used for this research. Students and new graduates were invited to participate from a United States and Canadian chiropractic college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-18-13DOI Listing
February 2019

X-ray vision: the accuracy and repeatability of a technology that allows clinicians to see spinal X-rays superimposed on a person's back.

PeerJ 2019 13;7:e6333. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Objective: Since the discovery of ionizing radiation, clinicians have evaluated X-ray images separately from the patient. The objective of this study was to investigate the accuracy and repeatability of a new technology which seeks to resolve this historic limitation by projecting anatomically correct X-ray images on to a person's skin.

Methods: A total of 13 participants enrolled in the study, each having a pre-existing anteroposterior lumbar X-ray. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377589PMC
February 2019

Effectiveness and optimal dosage of resistance training for chronic non-specific neck pain: a protocol for a systematic review with a qualitative synthesis and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025158. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine), School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Introduction: The prevalence of neck pain is increasing rapidly with a high percentage of patients going on to experience recurrent or chronic symptoms. The resulting pain and disability are commonly managed using a variety of treatments including exercise. Resistance training exercise aimed at the neck and shoulders is advocated to treat chronic non-specific neck pain (CNSNP), however the dosage of prescribed exercise varies considerably between studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025158DOI Listing
February 2019

GLA:D Back: implementation of group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of back pain - protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 18;20(1):85. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Reassuring patient education and exercise therapy are widely recommended interventions for back pain in clinical guidelines. However, many patients are offered non-guideline endorsed options, and strategies for effective implementation of guideline-based care have not yet been developed. This protocol outlines the evaluation of a strategy for nationwide implementation of standardised patient education and exercise therapy for people with persistent or recurrent back pain in a hybrid implementation-effectiveness design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2443-1DOI Listing
February 2019

[Complementary and alternative medicine use in two French pediatric oncology centers: A common practice].

Bull Cancer 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

CHU de Nantes, service d'onco-hématologie pédiatrique, 44093 Nantes cedex, France. Electronic address:

Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in children with cancer is commonly used. However, studies and data on this topic are still scarce in France.

Methods: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of CAM usage in pediatric cancer patients and describe the modality of use. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00074551193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2018.11.017DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

An observational study on trajectories and outcomes of chronic low back pain patients referred from a spine surgery division for chiropractic treatment.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 5;27. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1Integrative Spinal Research Group, Department of Chiropractic Medicine, Balgrist University Hospital, Forchstr. 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: A close collaboration between surgeons and non-surgical spine experts is crucial for optimal care of low back pain (LBP) patients. The affiliation of a chiropractic teaching clinic to a university hospital with a large spine division in Zurich, Switzerland, enables such collaboration. The aim of this study was to describe the trajectories and outcomes of patients with chronic LBP referred from the spine surgery division to the chiropractic teaching clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0225-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362585PMC
February 2019

Researching the Appropriateness of Care in the Complementary and Integrative Health Professions Part 2: What Every Researcher and Practitioner Should Know About the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and Practice-based Research in the United States.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

RAND Corporation, University of California Los Angeles, Southern California Health Sciences, Santa Monica, California.

Objective: This paper describes a process for ensuring and documenting Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliance in clinical practice-based research.

Methods: The Center of Excellence for Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine was funded by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health to develop the methods for researching the appropriateness of care in complementary and integrative health, which previously was known as complementary and alternative medicine. We recruited 125 participating chiropractic clinics for enrolling patients and gathering their data via the online surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.11.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Researching the Appropriateness of Care in the Complementary and Integrative Health Professions: Part I.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

RAND Corporation, University of California Los Angeles, Southern California Health Sciences, Santa Monica, California.

Objectives: The purpose of this article is to report on the Center of Excellence for Research on Complementary and Alternative Medicine at RAND Corporation. The overall project examined the appropriateness of chiropractic spinal manipulation and mobilization for chronic low back pain and chronic cervical pain using the RAND and University of California Los Angeles Appropriateness Method, including patient preferences and costs, to acknowledge the importance of patient-centered care in clinical decision-making.

Methods: This article is a narrative summary of the overall project and its inter-related components (ie, 4 Research Project Grants and 2 centers), including the Data Collection Core, whose activities and learning will be the subject of a following series of methods articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.11.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Integrating Mobile-health, health coaching, and physical activity to reduce the burden of chronic low back pain trial (IMPACT): a pilot randomised controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 11;20(1):71. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions and the highest contributor to disability in the world. It is characterized by frequent relapses leading to additional care-seeking. Engagement in leisure physical activity is associated with lower recurrences and better prognosis and potentially reduced care-seeking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2454-yDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Pubertal development and growth are prospectively associated with spinal pain in young people (CHAMPS study-DK).

Eur Spine J 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5A3, Canada.

Purpose: To examine the prospective associations of pubertal development and linear growth with spinal pain frequency and duration in children.

Methods: We recruited students from 10 public primary schools. Over 42 months, pubertal development was assessed four times and categorized according to Tanner stages 1-5, and height was measured on seven occasions. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-019-05905-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-019-05905-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Complementary medicine use, views, and experiences: a national survey in England.

BJGP Open 2018 Dec 14;2(4):bjgpopen18X101614. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Professor of Acupuncture Research, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Background: In 2005,12% of the English population visited a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioner.

Aim: To obtain up-to-date general population figures for practitioner-led CAM use in England, and to discover people's views and experiences regarding access.

Design & Setting: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was commissioned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3399/bjgpopen18X101614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348322PMC
December 2018

A cross-sectional study of the association between anxiety and temporomandibular disorder in Australian chiropractic students.

J Chiropr Educ 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Objective:: This study examined the association between anxiety and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in Australian chiropractic students, particularly its effect on quality of life.

Methods:: Chiropractic students ( n = 185) completed online surveys, including the Oral Health Impact Profile for TMDs (OHIP-TMD) and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) questionnaire. The OHIP-TMD psychometric properties were assessed using principal component analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-18-3DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and practice characteristics of urban and rural or remote Australian chiropractors: Analysis of a nationally representative sample of 1830 chiropractors.

Aust J Rural Health 2019 Feb 5;27(1):34-41. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and clinical management characteristics of chiropractors practising in urban and rural or remote Australia.

Design: A cross-sectional analysis of the Australian Chiropractic Research Network project data.

Setting: Nationally representative sample of registered chiropractors practising in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12447DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Manipulation-induced hypoalgesia in musculoskeletal pain populations: a systematic critical review and meta-analysis.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 29;27. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

1School of Health Professions, Murdoch University, Perth, WA Australia.

Background: Manipulation-induced hypoalgesia (MIH) represents reduced pain sensitivity following joint manipulation, and has been documented in various populations. It is unknown, however, whether MIH following high-velocity low-amplitude spinal manipulative therapy is a specific and clinically relevant treatment effect.

Methods: This systematic critical review with meta-analysis investigated changes in quantitative sensory testing measures following high-velocity low-amplitude spinal manipulative therapy in musculoskeletal pain populations, in randomised controlled trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0226-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350309PMC
January 2019

Regulation of cortical blood flow responses by the nucleus basalis of Meynert during nociceptive processing.

Neurosci Res 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Chiropractic, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boul. Des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada; CogNAC Research Group, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boul. Des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada. Electronic address:

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is essential for neuronal metabolic functions. CBF is partly regulated by cholinergic projections from the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) during cortical processing of sensory information. During pain-related processing, however, this mechanism may be altered by large fluctuations in systemic mean arterial pressure (MAP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Imaging use for low back pain by Ontario primary care clinicians: protocol for a mixed methods study - the Back ON study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 2;20(1):50. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Background: At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients presenting with LBP without signs or symptoms indicating a potential pathological cause. Yet imaging rates remain high for many patients who present without such indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2427-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359752PMC
February 2019

Non-pharmacological Management of Persistent Headaches Associated with Neck Pain: A Clinical Practice Guideline from the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration.

Eur J Pain 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Université de Montréal, 2375 Cote Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1A8.

Objectives: To develop an evidence-based guideline for the non-pharmacological management of persistent headaches associated with neck pain (i.e., tension-type or cervicogenic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1374DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.928 Impact Factor

Structure, regulation and related diseases of the actin-binding protein gelsolin.

Expert Rev Mol Med 2019 01 30;20:e7. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Functional and Clinical Anatomy,Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU),Erlangen,Germany.

Gelsolin (GSN), one of the most abundant actin-binding proteins, is involved in cell motility, shape and metabolism. As a member of the GSN superfamily, GSN is a highly structured protein in eukaryotic cells that can be regulated by calcium concentration, intracellular pH, temperature and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate. GSN plays an important role in cellular mechanisms as well as in different cellular interactions. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S146239941
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/erm.2018.7DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Massage-induced spinal epidural hematoma presenting with delayed paraplegia.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Truman Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Medicine, Kansas City, Mo, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an uncommon but serious emergency condition rare cases of spontaneously or following a minor traumatic event without bony injury.

Objective: We report the rare case of SEH associated with traditional massage initially presenting with delayed lower paraplegia.

Case Report: A 20-year-old man presented with bilateral lower extremity weakness and numbness 3 h prior to presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A descriptive analysis of shoulder muscle activities during individual stages of the Turkish Get-Up exercise.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2019 Jan 31;23(1):23-31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Division of Research and Innovation, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

The Turkish Get-Up (TGU) is a complex and multi-planar exercise; the performer begins in a supine lying position, progresses toward upright standing through a series of 7 stages while holding a mass overhead in one hand, and returns to the original supine lying position through a reversal of the same 7 stages. A descriptive analysis of shoulder muscle activity during the TGU may provide insight toward its use in training and rehabilitation contexts. Our objectives were to: (1) describe the activity patterns from a subset of muscles that span the glenohumeral joint during individual stages of the TGU, and (2) interpret these patterns through comparisons between left- and right-side muscles, and between the up and down phases of the TGU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2018.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is a government-regulated rehabilitation guideline more effective than general practitioner education or preferred-provider rehabilitation in promoting recovery from acute whiplash-associated disorders? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 24;9(1):e021283. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a government-regulated rehabilitation guideline compared with education and activation by general practitioners, and to a preferred-provider insurance-based rehabilitation programme on self-reported global recovery from acute whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) grade I-II.

Design: Pragmatic randomised clinical trial with blinded outcome assessment.

Setting: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation clinics and general practitioners in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347946PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Comparison of outcome and cost between the open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgical treatments for colon cancer: a propensity score-matched analysis using nationwide hospital record database.

Surg Endosc 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: There are limited studies that compare the cost and outcome of robotic-assisted surgery to open and laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer treatment. We aimed to compare the three surgical modalities for colon cancer treatment.

Methods: We performed a cohort study using the population-based Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06672-7DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads
3.256 Impact Factor

Measuring biopsychosocial risk for back pain disability in chiropractic patients using the STarT back screening tool: a cross-sectional survey.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 15;27. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

3Palmer College of Chiropractic, 1000 Brady Street, Davenport, IA 52803 USA.

Background: The Keele STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT), a 9-item questionnaire, screens for pain, physical functioning, fear-avoidance beliefs, catastrophizing, anxious thoughts, low mood, and bothersomeness in persons with back pain. SBT scores designate low, medium, or high risk for developing persistent disabling back pain. The primary study aim was to report the prevalence of SBT-calculated risk for back pain disability in US patients seeking chiropractic care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0228-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332914PMC
January 2019

Symptomatic os trigonum in national level javelin thrower: a case report.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):202-210

Assistant Professor, Clinical Education, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Introduction: Os trigonum syndrome is a relatively uncommon condition, resulting from compression of a congenital bony anomaly (os trigonum) and adjacent soft tissues during repetitive hyper-plantarflexion. This condition is currently well-described in ballet, soccer, and running athletes, but few cases exist describing os trigonum syndrome in overhead athletes.

Case Presentation: A 22-year-old national level male javelin athlete presented with a recalcitrant history of posterior ankle pain following a hyper-plantarflexion mechanism. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319434PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Post-operative rehabilitation of a distal biceps brachii tendon reattachment in a weightlifter: a case report.

Authors:
Matt Wentzell

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):193-201

Mountain Health and Performance.

Objective: To describe the successful rehabilitation of a distal biceps brachii tendon reattachment following an acute traumatic tendon rupture.

Clinical Features: A 30-year-old weightlifter presented five days post-op after a left distal biceps tendon repair. A three month one pound weight-restriction was recommended by the attending surgeon. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319429PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Conservative management of femoral anterior glide syndrome: a case series.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):182-192

Graduate Education & Research Program, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Background: Femoral anterior glide syndrome is a movement impairment syndrome, which presents with anterior hip pain aggravated by hip flexion and extension. It is believed to occur because of altered muscle activation patterns contributing to altered gliding of the femoral head within the acetabulum and constant overloading and irritation of the joint structures.

Study Design: Case series. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319433PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Effects of local vibration therapy on various performance parameters: a narrative literature review.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):170-181

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Introduction: The therapeutic effects of local muscle vibration (LMV) remain controversial due to a lack of specific protocols. This review was conducted to better understand the effects of various LMV application protocols.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed based on title and abstract and a set of predetermined inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319432PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Developmental changes in the youth athlete: implications for movement, skills acquisition, performance and injuries.

Authors:
Melissa Corso

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):150-160

Division of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

This narrative review summarizes the current literature on early sport specialization and changes that occur in the musculoskeletal system throughout growth and maturation. It discusses the impact of development on the motor and sensory systems and how this contributes to movement and coordination in the young athlete. With the increasing number of youth athletes in organized sport and the popularization of early sport specialization, the purpose of this paper is to educate those involved with the youth and adolescent athlete to important changes that are occurring at this time in development and the implications they have on movement, performance and injury. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319435PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

JCCA December 2018 Sports Chiropractic Special Issue: 10 Anniversary Edition.

Authors:
Mohsen Kazemi

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):149

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319436PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Does interprofessional interaction influence physical therapy students' attitudes toward chiropractic?

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):143-148

Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost, Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, UT.

Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) facilitates collaborative health practice, improving clinical outcomes.

Objective: Explore physical therapy (PT) students' observations about chiropractic, including attitudes amongst distinctive PT programs.

Methods: We administered a 74-item electronic survey, including 12 attitudinal items comprising the chiropractic attitude questionnaire (CAQ), to PT students at two universities. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319428PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

SafetyNET Community-based patient safety initiatives: development and application of a Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Survey.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Dec;62(3):130-142

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta.

Objectives: To: 1) develop/adapt and validate an instrument to measure patient safety attitudes and opinions of community-based spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) providers; 2) implement the instrument; and 3) compare results among healthcare professions.

Methods: A review of the literature and content validation were used for the survey development. Community-based chiropractors and physiotherapists in 4 Canadian provinces were invited. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319430PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Managing sickness absence of patients with musculoskeletal pain - a cross-sectional survey of Scandinavian chiropractors.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 11;27. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a major cause of work disability. Many patients with musculoskeletal pain seek care from health care providers other than their general practitioners, including a range of musculoskeletal practitioners. Therefore, these musculoskeletal practitioners may play a key role by engaging in sickness absence management and work disability prevention. Read More

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https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0230-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329073PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Coverage of Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Low Back Pain Among US Public and Private Insurers.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Oct 5;1(6):e183044. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Importance: Despite epidemic rates of addiction and death from prescription opioids in the United States, suggesting the importance of providing alternatives to opioids in the treatment of pain, little is known regarding how payers' coverage policies may facilitate or impede access to such treatments.

Objective: To examine coverage policies for 5 nonpharmacologic approaches commonly used to treat acute or chronic low back pain among commercial and Medicare Advantage insurance plans, plus an additional 6 treatments among Medicaid plans.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Cross-sectional study of 15 commercial, 15 Medicaid, and 15 Medicare Advantage health plans for the 2017 calendar year in 16 states representing more than half of the US population. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324451PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Effect of Usual Medical Care Plus Chiropractic Care vs Usual Medical Care Alone on Pain and Disability Among US Service Members With Low Back Pain: A Comparative Effectiveness Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 May 18;1(1):e180105. Epub 2018 May 18.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California.

Importance: It is critically important to evaluate the effect of nonpharmacological treatments on low back pain and associated disability.

Objective: To determine whether the addition of chiropractic care to usual medical care results in better pain relief and pain-related function when compared with usual medical care alone.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A 3-site pragmatic comparative effectiveness clinical trial using adaptive allocation was conducted from September 28, 2012, to February 13, 2016, at 2 large military medical centers in major metropolitan areas and 1 smaller hospital at a military training site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324527PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Innovating to Improve Care for Low Back Pain in the Military: Chiropractic Care Passes Muster.

Authors:
Daniel C Cherkin

JAMA Netw Open 2018 May 18;1(1):e180106. Epub 2018 May 18.

Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0106DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Manipulation techniques for infant torticollis.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2019 Jan 19;138(1). Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Bakgrunn: Fagutøvere innen blant annet kiropraktikk, fysioterapi, manuellterapi og osteopati anbefaler manipulasjonsteknikker for å behandle nakkeasymmetri hos spedbarn. Denne artikkelen oppsummerer forskning som evaluerer slik behandling.

Materiale Og Metode: Artikkelen bygger på søk i MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, AMED, PEDro og Index to Chiropractic Literature i august 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.17.1031DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of three home-based exercise programmes regarding falls, quality of life and exercise-adherence in older adults at risk of falling: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Jan 14;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

HES-SO Valais-Wallis, School of Health Sciences, Physiotherapy, Rathausstrasse 8, Leukerbad, VS, Switzerland.

Background: Fall prevention interventions with home-based exercise programmes are effective to reduce the number and the rate of falls, by reducing risk factors. They improve balance, strength, function, physical activity, but it is known that older adults' exercise adherence declines over time. However, it is unclear which delivery-modalities of the home-based exercise programmes show the best adherence and the largest effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-1021-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332592PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Pain-Related Fear-Dissociable Neural Sources of Different Fear Constructs.

eNeuro 2018 Nov-Dec;5(6). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Integrative Spinal Research, Department of Chiropractic Medicine, Balgrist University Hospital, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.

Fear of pain demonstrates significant prognostic value regarding the development of persistent musculoskeletal pain and disability. Its assessment often relies on self-report measures of pain-related fear by a variety of questionnaires. However, based either on "fear of movement/(re)injury/kinesiophobia," "fear avoidance beliefs," or "pain anxiety," pain-related fear constructs plausibly differ while it is unclear how specific the questionnaires are in assessing these different constructs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0107-18.2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325558PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Injury Surveillance and Evaluation of Medical Services Utilized During the 2016 Track and Field Olympic Trials.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 26;6(12):2325967118816300. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Slocum Research & Education Foundation, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

Background: Injury surveillance systems have been implemented at world championships, yet no previous work has determined the burden of injuries during the United States Track and Field Olympic Trials. Additionally, the type of medical service providers utilized throughout the meet has not been reported, leaving it unclear whether optimal staffing needs are being met.

Purpose: To describe the incidence of injuries presenting to the medical team at the 2016 US Track and Field Olympic Trials (Eugene, Oregon) by event type and competitor demographics. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2325967118816300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118816300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311600PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Improving working memory and pain inhibition in older persons using transcranial direct current stimulation.

Neurosci Res 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Chiropractic, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boul. Des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada; CogNAC Research Group, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boul. Des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to examine whether transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) could enhance working memory and pain inhibition in older persons. Fifteen volunteers (7 women, 8 men; mean ± SD: 64 ± 4.4 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2018.12.007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Influence of an educational review sheet on chiropractic students' evaluation and management coding performance: A randomized trial.

J Chiropr Educ 2019 01 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Objective: To evaluate whether an educational worksheet would influence the accuracy of simulated evaluation and management (E/M) coding among students in a doctor of chiropractic program.

Methods: An educational worksheet was developed as well as a test and survey involving simulated patient scenarios. Two groups were analyzed in this project. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-17-16DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Instrumented Measurement of Spinal Stiffness: A Systematic Literature Review of Reliability.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Oct 3;41(8):704-711. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Integrative Spinal Research, Department of Chiropractic Medicine, Balgrist University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this review was to critically appraise the quality of studies evaluating the reliability of spinal stiffness assessment devices.

Methods: An electronic search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDro, and Embase databases up to September 2016 was performed. Information on participants, measurement protocols, reliability, and accuracy were extracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.03.002DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Adhesive capsulitis: review of imaging findings, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA.

Adhesive capsulitis, commonly referred to as "frozen shoulder," is a debilitating condition characterized by progressive pain and limited range of motion about the glenohumeral joint. It is a condition that typically affects middle-aged women, with some evidence for an association with endocrinological, rheumatological, and autoimmune disease states. Management tends to be conservative, as most cases resolve spontaneously, although a subset of patients progress to permanent disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-018-3139-6DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
1.743 Impact Factor

Effect of chiropractic manipulative therapy on reaction time in special operations forces military personnel: a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Jan 3;20(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Present Address: The Spine Institute for Quality (Spine IQ), Davenport, IA, USA.

Background: Chiropractic manipulative therapy (CMT) has been shown to improve reaction time in some clinical studies. Slight changes in reaction time can be critical for military personnel, such as special operation forces (SOF). This trial was conducted to test whether CMT could lead to improved reaction and response time in combat-ready SOF-qualified personnel reporting little or no pain. Read More

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https://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-3133-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318970PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

An acute bout of aerobic exercise reduces movement time in a Fitts' task.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(12):e0210195. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Kinesiology and Health, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.

Movement time (MT) is one of the most important variables influencing the way we control our movements. A few previous studies have generally found that MT reduces with reaction time testing during exercise. However, limited evidence exists concerning change in MT following an acute bout of exercise. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210195PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312392PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A pilot study of the effect of force feedback training on students learning flexion-distraction chiropractic technique.

J Chiropr Educ 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Objective:: We compared traditional training alone and with the addition of force feedback training for learning flexion-distraction chiropractic technique.

Methods:: Participants were randomly allocated to two groups (traditional or traditional plus force feedback training). Students' forces were measured before training and after force feedback training. Read More

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http://journalchiroed.com/doi/10.7899/JCE-18-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-18-5DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Axial spondyloarthritis in the USA: diagnostic challenges and missed opportunities.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Division of Arthritis & Rheumatic Diseases, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease that primarily affects the sacroiliac joints and spine. Delayed or inadequate treatment may decrease quality of life and lead to poor long-term outcomes, including irreversible loss of spinal function. In this review, we discuss clinical practice related to axSpA within the USA, including prevalence, diagnosis, reasons for delayed/missed diagnosis, and suggestions for making early diagnosis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10067-018-4397-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4397-3DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads
1.774 Impact Factor