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    339 results match your criteria Chinese Medicine [Journal]

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    Revealing topics and their evolution in biomedical literature using Bio-DTM: a case study of ginseng.
    Chin Med 2017 12;12:27. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 China.
    Background: Valuable scientific results on biomedicine are very rich, but they are widely scattered in the literature. Topic modeling enables researchers to discover themes from an unstructured collection of documents without any prior annotations or labels. In this paper, taking ginseng as an example, biological dynamic topic model (Bio-DTM) was proposed to conduct a retrospective study and interpret the temporal evolution of the research of ginseng. Read More

    Anti-tumor effects of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana.
    Chin Med 2017 12;12:26. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No.11 North Third Ring Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029 China.
    Since the incidence of cancer has been on the rise due to increasing exposure to various carcinogenic factors in recent years, cancer has gradually become the first killer to the health of human beings. A growing attention has been paid to anti-cancer effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with low toxicity and good efficacy. As a kind of TCM, Periplaneta americana (P. Read More

    Efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine for stroke modifiable risk factors: a systematic review.
    Chin Med 2017 5;12:25. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW Australia.
    Background: The vast majority of stroke burden is attributable to its modifiable risk factors. This paper aimed to systematically summarise the evidence of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) interventions on stroke modifiable risk factors for stroke prevention.

    Methods: A literature search was conducted via the MEDLINE, CINAHL/EBSCO, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Database from 1996 to 2016. Read More

    Danggui Buxue Tang, a simple Chinese formula containing Astragali Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix, stimulates the expressions of neurotrophic factors in cultured SH-SY5Y cells.
    Chin Med 2017 22;12:24. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Biology, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou, 521041 Guangdong China.
    Background: Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a phytoestrogen-enriched Chinese herbal formula, serves as dietary supplement in stimulating the "Blood" functions of menopausal women. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, "Blood" has a strong relationship with brain activities. Previous studies supported that some ingredients of DBT possessed neuronal beneficial functions. Read More

    A network pharmacology-based strategy deciphers the underlying molecular mechanisms of Qixuehe Capsule in the treatment of menstrual disorders.
    Chin Med 2017 21;12:23. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 16, Nanxiaojie, Dongzhimennei, Beijing, 100700 China.
    Background: QiXueHe Capsule (QXHC) is a Chinese patent drug that is extensively used for the treatment of menstrual disorders. However, its underlying pharmacological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated.

    Methods: A list of QXHC putative targets were predicted using MetaDrug. Read More

    Temporal divergence of changes in pain and pain-free grip strength after manual acupuncture or electroacupuncture: an experimental study in people with lateral epicondylalgia.
    Chin Med 2017 4;12:22. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute and Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, 2635 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC V5Z3M9 Canada.
    Background: The objective of this study was to examine, in individuals with lateral epicondylalgia (LE), the acute time course of acupuncture-induced hypoalgesia and change in pain-free grip strength (PFGS).

    Methods: This was an experimental study, conducted at a single research center in Vancouver, BC. Twenty-one participants with unilateral LE lasting more than 6 weeks duration were enrolled. Read More

    Cupping therapy versus acupuncture for pain-related conditions: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and trial sequential analysis.
    Chin Med 2017 24;12:21. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, 100029 China.
    Background: Both cupping therapy and acupuncture have been used in China for a long time, and their target indications are pain-related conditions. There is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of these two therapies.

    Objectives: To compare the beneficial effectiveness and safety between cupping therapy and acupuncture for pain-related conditions to provide evidence for clinical practice. Read More

    Anticancer activities and mechanisms of heat-clearing and detoxicating traditional Chinese herbal medicine.
    Chin Med 2017 12;12:20. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, N22-7038, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macao, 999078 China.
    In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, pathogenic heat and toxins, which are akin to the inflammatory factors, are the causes of cancer and could promote its virulent development. Therefore, heat-clearing and detoxicating (HCD) herbs are essential components of TCM formulas for cancer treatment. An increasing interest has been focused on the study of HCD herbs and accumulated evidences have shown that HCD herbs or HCD herbs-based formulas exhibited remarkable anticancer effects when used alone or combined with other therapeutic approaches. Read More

    A research on syndrome element differentiation based on phenomenology and mathematical method.
    Chin Med 2017 10;12:19. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
    Institute of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, No. 438, Hebei Avenue, Qinhuangdao, 066004 Hebei People's Republic of China.
    Background: As an empirical medical system independent of conventional Western medicine (CWM), over thousands of years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has established its own unique method of diagnosis and treatment. The perspective of holism and system in TCM is essentially different from the view of Reductionism in CWM. With the development of modern science and technology, the restriction of reductionism is more and more prominent, and researchers begin to pay more attention to holistic thinking in TCM. Read More

    High-throughput sequencing technology reveals that continuous cropping of American ginseng results in changes in the microbial community in arable soil.
    Chin Med 2017 3;12:18. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700 China.
    Background: American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is renowned worldwide for its eutherapeutic effects. The replantation of American ginseng usually fails due to problems associated with continuous cropping. Read More

    Relationship between Chinese medicine dietary patterns and the incidence of breast cancer in Chinese women in Hong Kong: a retrospective cross-sectional survey.
    Chin Med 2017 29;12:17. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Background: This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between Chinese medicine (CM) dietary patterns (hot, neutral, and cold) and the incidence of breast cancer among Chinese women in Hong Kong.

    Methods: Breast cancer cases (n = 202) and healthy controls (n = 202) were matched according to demographics. Chinese women residing in Hong Kong for the past 7 years were recruited by media advertisements (e. Read More

    A simple method for HPLC retention time prediction: linear calibration using two reference substances.
    Chin Med 2017 19;12:16. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, No. 2 Tiantan Xili, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100050 People's Republic of China.
    Background: Analysis of related substances in pharmaceutical chemicals and multi-components in traditional Chinese medicines needs bulk of reference substances to identify the chromatographic peaks accurately. But the reference substances are costly. Thus, the relative retention (RR) method has been widely adopted in pharmacopoeias and literatures for characterizing HPLC behaviors of those reference substances unavailable. Read More

    Chemical constituents from a Gynostemma laxum and their antioxidant and neuroprotective activities.
    Chin Med 2017 24;12:15. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Korea Bioactive Natural Material Bank, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826 Republic of Korea.
    Background: A few bioactivities of constituents from Gynostemma laxum, which has been collected in Vietnam, have been reported until now. There is no report about the effects of constituents from G. laxum although the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-mediated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) antioxidant defense system is involved in neuroprotection in the brain. Read More

    Rapid identification of growth years and profiling of bioactive ingredients in Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus (Huangqi) roots from Hunyuan, Shanxi.
    Chin Med 2017 19;12:14. Epub 2017 May 19.
    School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, 230031 China.
    Background: The content of medicinal bioactive constituents in huangqi is affected by plant age. In this study, we devised a quick and convenient method for determining the age of huangqi, which was cultivated in Hunyuan County (Shanxi Province).

    Methods: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10 growth years huangqi had 38 samples, all samples were collected separately. Read More

    Jiangtang decoction ameliorate diabetic nephropathy through the regulation of PI3K/Akt-mediated NF-κB pathways in KK-Ay mice.
    Chin Med 2017 19;12:13. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Integrated Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Jiangtang decoction (JTD) is a China patented drug which contains Euphorbia humifusa Willd, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, and Coptis chinensis Franch. For decades, it has also been used clinically to treat diabetic nephropathy (DN) effectively; however, the associated mechanisms remain unknown. Thus, the present study aimed to examine the protective efficacy of JTD in DN and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Read More

    Metabolomics approach reveals annual metabolic variation in roots of Cyathula officinalis Kuan based on gas chromatography-mass spectrum.
    Chin Med 2017 3;12:12. Epub 2017 May 3.
    College of Agronomy, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130 People's Republic of China.
    Background: Herbal quality is strongly influenced by harvest time. It is therefore one of crucial factors that should be well respected by herbal producers when optimizing cultivation techniques, so that to obtain herbal products of high quality. In this work, we paid attention on one of common used Chinese herbals, Cyathula officinalis Kuan. Read More

    Identification of anti-HBV activities in Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. using GRP78 as a drug target on Herbochip(®).
    Chin Med 2017 24;12:11. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Institute of Biotechnology and Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.
    Background: Herbochip(®) technology is a high throughput drug screening platform in a reverse screening manner, in which potential chemical leads in herbal extracts are immobilized and drug target proteins can be used as probes for screening process [BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2015) 15:146]. While herbal medicines represent an ideal reservoir for drug screenings, here a molecular chaperone GRP78 is demonstrated to serve as a potential target for antiviral drug discovery.

    Methods: We cloned and expressed a truncated but fully functional form of human GRP78 (hGRP78(1-508)) and used it as a probe for anti-HBV drug screening on herbochips. Read More

    Effects of Bushen Tianjing Recipe in a rat model of tripterygium glycoside-induced premature ovarian failure.
    Chin Med 2017 24;12:10. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 18 Yangsu Road, Gusu District, Suzhou, 215009 Jiangsu Province China.
    Background: Bushen Tianjing Recipe (BTR) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been prescribed for premature ovarian failure (POF) for decades in China. Nevertheless, little is known regarding its underlying molecular mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BTR in a tripterygium glycoside (TG)-induced-POF rat model. Read More

    Glossogyne tenuifolia (Hsiang-ju) extract suppresses T cell activation by inhibiting activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase.
    Chin Med 2017 11;12. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Nutrition, I-Shou University, No.8, Yida Rd., Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City, 82445 Taiwan.
    Background: Glossogyne tenuifolia (GT) (Hsiang-ju) is a Chinese herbal medicine previously exhibited an anti-inflammatory activity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of GT ethanol extract (GTE) on T cell-mediated adaptive immunity.

    Methods: Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and Jurkat T cells were activated by phytohemagglutinin in the presence of various doses (3. Read More

    Mechanisms for the anti-obesity actions of bofutsushosan in high-fat diet-fed obese mice.
    Chin Med 2017 27;12. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Center of Clinical Pharmacy Education, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokuriku University, Kanazawa, 920-1181 Japan.
    Background: The Kampo medicine bofutsushosan (BTS; Pulvis ledebouriellae compositae; Fang Feng Tong Sheng San) has been used as an anti-obesity treatment in overweight patients. In this study, we assessed the underlying physiological changes induced by BTS in obese mice maintained on a high-fat diet.

    Methods: Male ICR mice were fed a 60% kcal fat diet for 5 weeks starting at 4 weeks of age and then fed the same diet with administration of water (control) or aqueous BTS extract (1. Read More

    The neuroprotective effects of Tao-Ren-Cheng-Qi Tang against embolic stroke in rats.
    Chin Med 2017 31;12. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Combinations of the traditional Chinese and Western medicines have been used to treat numerous diseases throughout the world, and there is a growing body of evidence showing that some of the herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine elicit significant pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the neuroprotective effects of Tao-Ren-Cheng-Qi Tang (TRCQT) in combination with aspirin following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced embolic stroke in rats.

    Methods: A blood clot was embolized into the middle cerebral artery of rats to induce focal ischemic brain injury. Read More

    Chemical compositions, chromatographic fingerprints and antioxidant activities of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum (Juhong).
    Chin Med 2017 25;12. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Department of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chinese Medicine Resources, College of Biopharmaceutical and Food Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, 40402 Taiwan.
    Background: Citri Exocarpium Rubrum (CER), which is known as Juhong in Chinese, is the dried exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivars (Fam. Rutaceae) and is currently used in Chinese medicine to protect the stomach and eliminate dampness and phlegm. The main aim of this study was to develop a high-performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet mass spectrometry (HPLC-UV-MS) method for determining the chemical compositions and fingerprint of CER. Read More

    Electroacupuncture for the prevention of postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction in participants undergoing vascular laparotomy under general anesthesia: a randomized controlled trial.
    Chin Med 2017 16;12. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Si-chuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan China.
    Background: Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is a common complication following laparotomy under general anesthesia (GA). Abdominal distension occurs in 8-28% of surgeries within 24 h postoperatively. The present study aimed to analyze the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) for the prevention of PGD by applying preoperative EA stimulation of PC6 (Neiguan), ST36 (Zusanli), and ST37 (Shangjuxv) bilaterally twice within 24 h prior to surgery, compared with no acupuncture treatment. Read More

    Quality control of Lycium chinense and Lycium barbarum cortex (Digupi) by HPLC using kukoamines as markers.
    Chin Med 2017 9;12. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Research Group for Bioactive Products, Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.
    Background: Lycii Cortex (LyC), composed of Lycium chinense and Lycium barbarum cortex and having the Chinese name Digupi, is used to treat chronic diseases like cough, hypertension, and diabetes in Eastern Asia. However, chromatographic methods, such as TLC and HPLC, to determine the phytochemical composition of LyC have not been included in any official compendiums. This study aims to establish a validated HPLC method for quality control of LyC. Read More

    The influence of duodenally-delivered Shakuyakukanzoto (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang) on duodenal peristalsis during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: a randomised controlled trial.
    Chin Med 2017 9;12. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science, University of Toyama, Sugitani 2630, Toyama City, Toyama 930-0194 Japan.
    Background: Anti-cholinergic agents may be used to inhibit duodenal peristalsis, but they may have adverse effects. Shakuyakukanzoto (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang) has an anti-spasmodic effect and has been used before for oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy. This randomised clinical trial aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of Shakuyakukanzoto on duodenal peristalsis, and its usefulness when administered into the duodenum just before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Read More

    An investigation of fungal contamination on the surface of medicinal herbs in China.
    Chin Med 2017 3;12. Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    Research Centre of Chinese Herbal Resource Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.
    Background: The dried parts of medicinal herbs are susceptible to the infection of fungi during pre- or post-harvest procedure. This study aimed to investigate the presence of fungi and their metabolites mycotoxins on the surface of medicinal herbs collected from China.

    Methods: Forty-five retail samples of 15 different medicinal herbs were collected from 3 different regions in China. Read More

    Comparison of chemical profiles and effectiveness between Erxian decoction and mixtures of decoctions of its individual herbs: a novel approach for identification of the standard chemicals.
    Chin Med 2017 3;12. Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 10 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, SAR China.
    Background: Identification of bioactive standard chemicals is a major challenge in the study of the Chinese medicinal formula. In particular, the chemical components may interact differently depending on the preparative methods, therefore affecting the amounts of bioactive components and their pharmacological properties in the medicinal formula. With the use of Erxian decoction (EXD) as a study model-a  well-known Chinese medicinal formula for treating menopausal symptoms, a novel and rapid approach in seeking standard chemicals has been established by differentially comparing the HPLC profiles and the menopause-related biochemical parameters of combined decoction of EXD (EXD-C) and mixtures of the decoctions of its individual herbs (EXD-S). Read More

    Acupuncture as an intervention to reduce alcohol dependency: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Chin Med 2016 15;11:49. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.
    Background: Acupuncture has been widely used as a treatment for alcohol dependence. An updated and rigorously conducted systematic review is needed to establish the extent and quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture as an intervention for reducing alcohol dependence. This review aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing alcohol dependence as assessed by changes in either craving or withdrawal symptoms. Read More

    Rapid differentiation of Xihuangcao from the three Isodon species by UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS and chemometrics analysis.
    Chin Med 2016 15;11:48. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region People's Republic of China ; Research Center for Pharmacognosy, Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Isodon lophanthoides, I. lophanthoides var. graciliflorus and I. Read More

    Ameliorating effect of Erxian decoction combined with Fructus Schisandrae chinensis (Wu Wei Zi) on menopausal sweating and serum hormone profiles in a rat model.
    Chin Med 2016 22;11:47. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    School of Chinese Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 10 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
    Background: Modified Erxian decoction (MEXD), i.e., Erxian decoction (EXD) with Fructus Schisandrae chinensis (Wu Wei Zi) added, has been used to alleviate menopausal symptoms. Read More

    Combination of cisplatin and bromelain exerts synergistic cytotoxic effects against breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 in vitro.
    Chin Med 2016 15;11:46. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor Malaysia.
    Background: Bromelain, which is a cysteine endopeptidase commonly found in pineapple stems, has been investigated as a potential anti-cancer agent for the treatment of breast cancer. However, information pertaining to the effects of combining bromelain with existing chemotherapeutic drugs remains scarce. This study aimed to investigate the possible synergistic cytotoxic effects of using bromelain in combination with cisplatin on MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Read More

    Inhibitory effect of trans-ferulic acid on proliferation and migration of human lung cancer cells accompanied with increased endogenous reactive oxygen species and β-catenin instability.
    Chin Med 2016 1;11:45. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
    Department of Biotechnology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, 807 Taiwan.
    Background: Trans-ferulic (FA) acid exhibits antioxidant effects in vitro. However, the underlying mechanism of trans-FA activity in cellular physiology, especially cancer physiology, remains largely unknown. This study investigated the cellular physiological effects of trans-FA on the H1299 human lung cancer cell line. Read More

    Full component analysis of Tianma-Gouteng-Yin.
    Chin Med 2016 29;11:44. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China.
    Background: Tianma-Gouteng-Yin (TGY), which is common Chinese medicine formulation consisting of 11 different herbs and being used in China for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, inflammatory conditions and cardiovascular diseases, was selected for full component analysis. The aim of this study was to quantitatively analyze the chemical profiles of ten commercial TGY samples and one sample produced in our laboratory.

    Methods: Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with quadrupole-tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) was used to analyze the non-saccharide small molecule components of the different TGY samples. Read More

    Anti-cancer effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (Jiaogulan).
    Chin Med 2016 27;11:43. Epub 2016 Sep 27.
    State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, Macao, China.
    Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (GpM) (Jiaogulan) has been widely used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of several diseases, including hepatitis, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, GpM has recently been shown to exhibit potent anti-cancer activities. Read More

    In silico profiling for secondary metabolites from Lepidium meyenii (maca) by the pharmacophore and ligand-shape-based joint approach.
    Chin Med 2016 26;11:42. Epub 2016 Sep 26.
    Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 151 Malianwa N, Haidian District, Beijing, 100193 China ; Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100193 China.
    Background: Lepidium meyenii Walpers (maca) is an herb known as a traditional nutritional supplement and widely used in Peru, North America, and Europe to enhance human fertility and treat osteoporosis. The secondary metabolites of maca, namely, maca alkaloids, macaenes, and macamides, are bioactive compounds, but their targets are undefined.

    Methods: The pharmacophore-based PharmaDB targets database screening joint the ligand shape similarity-based WEGA validation approach is proposed to predict the targets of these unique constituents and was performed using Discovery Studio 4. Read More

    Authentication of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (Shi Chang Pu) and its adulterants by morphological distinction, chemical composition and ITS sequencing.
    Chin Med 2016 26;11:41. Epub 2016 Sep 26.
    Division of Life Science, and Center for Chinese Medicine, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong, China ; HKUST Shenzhen Research Institute, Hi-Tech Park, Nanshan, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province China.
    Background: Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (ATR; rhizome of Acorus tatarinowii Schott) (Shi Chang Pu) is widely used in Chinese medicine (CM) to resuscitate, calm the mind, resolve shi (dampness) and harmonize the wei (stomach). Seven different species have been identified as belonging to the genus Acorus, all of which can be found in China. However, it can be difficult to distinguish the different species of Acorus because of their morphological similarities. Read More

    Adjunctive use of modified Yunu-Jian in the non-surgical treatment of male smokers with chronic periodontitis: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
    Chin Med 2016 20;11:40. Epub 2016 Sep 20.
    Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR China.
    Background: Yunu-Jian (YJ) is a Chinese medicine (CM) heat purging formula, which is used to reduce wei huo (stomach-heat, SH) and enrich shen yin (kidney-yin, KY). This formula is also commonly used to manage diabetes mellitus and gum/oral inflammation. The activity of YJ can be modified or refined by the addition of other CM herbs and/or minor changes to one of its five key ingredients. Read More

    Chi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan protects rats against retinal ischemia by downregulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 and inhibiting p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.
    Chin Med 2016 9;11(1):39. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong China.
    Background: Retinal ischemia is a retinal disorder related to retinal vascular occlusion, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. The study aimed to evaluate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Chi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan (CJDHW) against retinal ischemia in rats.

    Methods: High intraocular pressure (HIOP)-induced retinal ischemia was established in Wistar rats by raising their intraocular pressure to 120 mmHg for 60 min with in an eye whose anterior chamber was cannulated with a 30-guage needle adapted to a normal saline bottle through an intravenous line. Read More

    Attenuation of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats by acupuncture was associated with reduction oxidative stress and improvement from endothelial dysfunction.
    Chin Med 2016 30;11(1):38. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Hypertension can be treated effectively by acupuncture; however, the association between acupuncture and endothelial function remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture on endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress-related parameters in spontaneously hypertensive animals.

    Methods: Eighteen-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were arbitrarily divided into four groups: WKY control (n = 8), SHR control (n = 8), SHR sham-acupuncture (n = 8) and SHR acupuncture (n = 8). Read More

    Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants: problems, progress, and prospects.
    Chin Med 2016 30;11:37. Epub 2016 Jul 30.
    Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory, Centre de Recherche Public-Sante´, 1526 Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Medicinal plants are globally valuable sources of herbal products, and they are disappearing at a high speed. This article reviews global trends, developments and prospects for the strategies and methodologies concerning the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plant resources to provide a reliable reference for the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants. We emphasized that both conservation strategies (e. Read More

    Phytochemicals and potential health effects of Sambucus williamsii Hance (Jiegumu).
    Chin Med 2016 28;11:36. Epub 2016 Jul 28.
    State Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine and Molecular Pharmacology (Incubation), Shenzhen Research Institute of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Shenzhen, 518057 China ; Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.
    Sambucus williamsii Hance (Jiegumu) is traditionally used in Chinese medicine to treat bone and joint diseases. The major phytochemicals in S. williamsii are lignans, terpenoids, and phenolic acids, together with trace amounts of essential oils, minerals, amino acids, and natural pigments. Read More

    Evaluation of the accuracy of diagnostic scales for a syndrome in Chinese medicine in the absence of a gold standard.
    Chin Med 2016 28;11:35. Epub 2016 Jul 28.
    School of Statistics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872 China ; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Background: The concept of syndromes (zhengs) is unique to Chinese medicine (CM) and difficult to measure. Expert consensus is used as a gold standard to identify zhengs and evaluate the accuracy of existing diagnostic scales for zhengs. But, the use of expert consensus as a gold standard is problematic because the diagnosis of zhengs by expert consensus is not 100 % accurate. Read More

    Indication of nerve growth factor binding components from herbal extracts by HerboChip: a platform for drug screening on a chip.
    Chin Med 2016 23;11:34. Epub 2016 Jul 23.
    Division of Life Science and Center for Chinese Medicine R&D, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, China.
    Background: HerboChip is an array of different fractions deriving from herbal extracts. This study aimed to identify effective components from Chinese medicine (CM) that interact with nerve growth factor (NGF) as a target using HerboChip.

    Methods: Fifty types of CM that are traditionally used as remedies for emotion imbalance were selected and extracted with 50 % ethanol. Read More

    Assessing the quality of Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma (Tufuling) by colormetrics and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS.
    Chin Med 2016 6;11:33. Epub 2016 Jul 6.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist Univesity, Hong Kong, China.
    Background: The quality of the materials used in Chinese medicine (CM) is generally assessed based on an analysis of their chemical components (e.g., chromatographic fingerprint analysis). Read More

    Influence of sulfur fumigation on glycoside profile in Platycodonis Radix (Jiegeng).
    Chin Med 2016 6;11:32. Epub 2016 Jul 6.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong China.
    Background: Over recent decades, sulfur fumigation is becoming abused in processing some freshly harvested herbs used as both medicine and food, although it has been questioned whether sulfur fumigation will change the efficacy and safety of the herbs. One of the herbs commonly processed by sulfur fumigation is Platycodonis Radix (Jiegeng in Chinese). Glycosides are the main bioactive components of Jiegeng. Read More

    Aikeqing decreases viral loads in SHIV89.6-infected Chinese rhesus macaques.
    Chin Med 2016 1;11:31. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223 Yunnan China ; Kunming Primate Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Science, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223 Yunnan China.
    Background: Aikeqing (AKQ) has been shown in clinical studies to improve quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients, but anti-HIV activity has not been determined. The SHIV-infected macaque is an important animal model for testing antiviral drugs. This study aimed to determine the anti-HIV activity of AKQ in chronically SHIV89. Read More

    Antioxidant and physiological effects of Si-Wu-Tang on skin and liver: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
    Chin Med 2016 30;11:30. Epub 2016 Jun 30.
    School of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
    Background: Si-Wu-Tang (SWT) is used to treat various gynecological disorders in Chinese medicine. This study investigated the antioxidant and physiological effects of SWT on the skin and liver in healthy adults.

    Methods: This randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted at Chung Shan Medical University Hospital in December 2008. Read More

    Synergistic effects of melphalan and Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon (Simaosong) extracts on apoptosis induction in human cancer cells.
    Chin Med 2016 29;11:29. Epub 2016 Jun 29.
    Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002 Thailand.
    Background: This study aims to determine the synergistic effects of the chemotherapeutic drug melphalan and the phytoconstituents extracted from Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon (Simaosong) in human cancer cells.

    Methods: P. kesiya twigs extracted from 50 % ethanol-water were evaluated alone (6-500 µg/mL) and in combination with melphalan (0. Read More

    Chinese herbal medicine for constipation: zheng-based associations among herbs, formulae, proprietary medicines, and herb-drug interactions.
    Chin Med 2016 23;11:28. Epub 2016 Jun 23.
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong China.
    Background: As current symptomatic treatments of constipation are still unsatisfactory, an increasing number of patients seek help from Chinese medicine (CM), particularly Chinese herbal medicine (CHM). This study aimed to review the most frequently used CHM herbs and formulae, proprietary CHMs, and herb-drug interactions for functional constipation using zheng (syndrome)-based differentiation, and to determine the current practice of zheng-based CHM treatments for functional constipation.

    Methods: We developed a search strategy to include all the related clinical studies of CHM for constipation and set inclusion and exclusion criteria as studies on subjects with constipation of all ages and both sexes, using objective measures from laboratory or imaging techniques. Read More

    Gastrodia and Uncaria (tianma gouteng) water extract exerts antioxidative and antiapoptotic effects against cerebral ischemia in vitro and in vivo.
    Chin Med 2016 31;11:27. Epub 2016 May 31.
    School of Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Gastrodia and Uncaria decoction (tianma gouteng yin) is commonly used in Chinese medicine to treat cerebral ischemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of a water extract (GUW) of Gastrodia elata (tianma; GE) and Uncaria rhynchophylla (gouteng; UR) against ischemic insult using oxygen-glucose-deprived neuronal differentiated PC12 cells and rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).

    Methods: GUW was prepared by boiling raw GE and UR in water, followed by the lyophilization of the resulting extract. Read More

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