Objectives: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on airway inflammation in an ovalbumin (OVA) induced asthma mouse model and the underlying mechanism. Methods: Twenty-four BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four equal groups: normal control group, OVA-induced asthmatic model group, hUC-MSCs treated group (50 μl of hUC-MSCs was transplanted into the trachea of asthmatic mice ) and hUC-MSCs control group (50 μl of hUC-MSCs was transplanted into the trachea of control mice). Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells from umbilical cord of healthy new born babies were used as the source of hUC-MSCs for this study. Read More
Objective: To establish and assess the feasibility and sensitivity of left ventricular elasticity, compliance and stiffness for study of ischemia/reperfusion injury in an isolated mouse heart model utilizing the pressure-volume curve framework. Methods: An isolated, balloon-in-ventricle, isovolumically contracting, crystalloid-perfused Langendorff heart preparation was set up from 15 male C57/6BL mice aged 12-14 weeks. End-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR) were obtained by measuring left ventricular (LV) systolic pressure (LVSP) and diastolic pressure under different balloon volumes. Read More
Department of Vascular Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, China.
Objective: To analyze the curative effect of AngioJet mechanical thrombus aspiration combined with catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) on acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT). Methods: The clinical data of 20 cases of acute LEDVT treated by AngioJet combined with CDT were analyzed. The inferior vena cava filter was implanted preoperatively, and then the thrombolysis was performed by using AngioJet. Read More
The 3rd Department of Breast Cancer Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University, Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300060, China.
Objective: The dysregulation of cell cycle could influence cell proliferation, differentiation and response to medicine. The purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between cell cycle regulatory genes and breast cancer neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with local advanced breast cancer, and thus to find some predictors of NAC to provide guidance for clinical treatment. Methods: Ninety five cases of local advanced breast cancer were collected, which were treated with NAC of TAC (Taxanes/Anthracycline/Cyclophosphamide) regimen. Read More
Objective: To research the modulation of Umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells on the number and function of Treg cells in the patients with aplastic anemia, as well as the expression of LFA-1 on Treg cells. Methods: A total of 20 newly diagnosed NSAA patients were collected from May 2015 to Jun 2016 in Department of Hematopathy, General Hospital of Jinan Military, and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited as controls. Separation of the patients and controls with peripheral blood mononuclear cells were divided into two groups, including PBMCs culture alone, PBMCs co-culture with UC-MSCs, application of flow cytometry detect respectively the proportion of the Treg cells and the expression of LFA-1 on Treg cells under different culture conditions. Read More
Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academe of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.
Objective: To elucidate the clinical characteristics and localization diagnosis of patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-dependent Cushing's syndrome (CS) in adolescence. Methods: The clinical data, laboratory examination and localization diagnosis from 35 patients aged less than 18 years old with adolescent CS who were treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1990 and March 2012 were analyzed. Results: There were 29 cases of Cushing's disease (CD) and 6 cases of ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS). Read More
Objective: The aim of this paper is to investigate the application value of serum human tumor protein P53 (TP53) in the diagnosis and postoperative monitoring of colorectal cancer. Methods: One hundred and fifteen patients with colorectal cancer diagnosed without colorectal cancer and without surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy and total of 158 patients with colorectal benign disease and 182 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The levels of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) were detected by electrochemiluminescence assay. Read More
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China.
Objective: To analyze the percentage of CD14(+) HLA-DR(Low/-) myeloid-derived suppressor cell-like cell subtypes(MDSCs) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) concentration in peripheral blood and ascites of ovarian cancer patients, and to explore their association with clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: Blood samples of 31 patients and ascites of 5 patients in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2016 to December 2016 were collected. Blood samples of 20 healthy volunteers with matched age were collected as control. Read More
Objective: To determine critical reference value (cut-off value) of serum pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) and neuron specific enolase(NSE) in the diagnosis of small cell lung cancer(SCLC). To evaluate the clinical significance of serum levels of ProGRP and NSE in diagnosis and differential diagnosis in SCLC. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-two SCLC patients, 163 non small cell lung cancer(NSCLC)patients , 193 benign pulmonary disease patients and 140 healthy people visiting in National Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to July 2017. Read More
Objective: To explore the incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in staffs of Tsinghua university according to the different age groups, the possible risk factors and conduct a follow-up survey. Methods: Detailed information about physical examination and carotid ultrasound from 832 staffs of Tsinghua University between 2014 to 2016 were reviewed to observe the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis according to different age groups; the correlation between conventional risk factors and carotid arteriosclerosis was studied by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.The process of different degrees of arteriosclerosis in the population was observed one year later. Read More
Objective: To study the potential of differentiation of menstrual blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MenSC) into endometrial epithelial cells (EEC) in vitro. Methods: Endometrial stromal cells (ESC) and MenSC were cultured and identified by certain methods.MenSC were co-cultured with ESC, added 10 ng/ml TGF-β1, 10 ng/ml EGF, 10 ng/ml PDGF-BB and 1×10(-7) mol/L 17-β-estradiol. Read More
Objective: To investigate the impact of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) on pregnancy outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) following the in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) by analyzing their pregnancy outcomes. Methods: The patients undergoing IVF-ET treatment diagnosed with PCOS in Peking University Third Hospital from May 2010 to December 2014 were investigated. According to the anti-thyroid antibodies (TPOAb or TGAb), patients were divided into AIT group and non-AIT group. Read More
Objective: To explore the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the anatomy and injuries of flexor tendon and pulley system of the fingers. Methods: Clinical and imaging data of 20 healthy volunteers without injuries and 36 patients from Beijing Jishuitan Hospital with flexor tendon and pulley system injuries in the fingers between March 2013 and March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. All subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination. Read More
Department of Ultrasound, the Affiliated Renmin Hospital, Jiangsu University, Jiangsu 212002, China.
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of preoperative ultrasonography(US), magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and US combined with MRI in the prediction of extrathyroidal extension(ETE) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods: Between January 2013 and December 2016, a total of 83 consecutive patients underwent surgery for pathologically confirmed PTCs with ETE. We analyzed all patients with PTC with ETE who received preoperative combination of US and MRI scan to evaluate ETE. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of tracheobronchial segmental resection and reconstruction applied to surgical treatment in the patients with esophageal cancer with airway invasion. Methods: From January 2004 to April 2014, 13 patients in our center underwent radical esophagectomy combined with tracheobronchial segmental resection and reconstruction. Patient characteristics, operative procedures, postoperative complications and long-term survival were retrospectively reviewed. Read More
Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of the novel oral anticoagulant Rivaroxaban for anticoagulation therapy in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) during cryoablation. Methods: A total of 137 AF patients from October 2013 to December 2016 underwent cryoablation were divided into two groups according to the application of anticoagulant drugs: Rivaroxaban group (65 cases) and Heparin group (72 cases). Rivaroxaban group: oral administration of Rivaroxaban 20 mg, once a day, was started 3 days before the cryoablation, no anticoagulant was additionally added during cryoablation, the activated clotting time (ACT) was measured, and oral administration of Rivaroxaban was continued for 3 months after cryoablation. Read More
China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.
Objective: To investigate the safety of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) without shunting in carotid artery stenosis (CAS) patients with contralateral carotid occlusion (CAO) under the protection of monitoring of cerebral blood oxygen saturation. Methods: A total of 71 patients with CAS was enrolled in our research during 2013 to 2016. They were divided into two groups which were group A: 20 CAS patients with contralateral CAO, and group B: 51 CAS patients without contralateral CAO. Read More
Objective: To investigate the gene expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA)in human degenerated intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Methods: An lncRNA-mRNA microarray analysis of human nucleus pulposus (NP) was employed. Bioinformatics prediction was also applied to delineate the functional roles of the differentially expressed lncRNAs. Read More
Objective: To analyse the factors of elder patients with lumbar vertebrae fractures caused by low-energy injury in plateau area. Methods: From March 2013 to September 2016, 124 elder patients with lumbar vertebrae fractures caused by low-energy injury in our hospital were selected as observation group, in the corresponding period, 98 elderly patients who had no fractures were considered as control group .The bone mineral density (BMD) was examined by whole body bone mineral density tester, and univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of lumbar fractures caused by low-energy injury. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the value of intraoperative CT scanning in the treatment of fresh thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2015 , 161 patients with thoracolumbar fractures in Department of Orthopedics, Luohe City Central Hospital, were divided into two groups: 79 cases were treatment group which were treated with intraoperative CT scan and decompression mode was determined according to CT scan results during the period from October 2012 to January 2015. 82 patients as the observation group were treated without intraoperative CT scan and direct laminectomy were performed during the period. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Vesselplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures and vertebral metastases. Methods: From June 2010 to December 2016, data of 81 patients with spinal diseases treated with Vesselplasty in Department of Spinal Surgery, Beijing Friendship hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There are 49 cases of vertebral fractures with age (70. Read More
Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China.
Objective: To investigate the correlated factors of height gain (ΔSH) after posterior spinal correction surgery in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and to propose the predictive model of ΔSH. Methods: From 2013 to 2015, a total of 150 Lenke 1 AIS patients undergoing posterior spinal correction surgery were included in the study, with the age of (14.3±2. Read More
Objective:: In the upcoming era of precision medicine, searching for the early, noninvasive biomarkers has been the cornerstone and major challenge in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Urine contains rich biological information which could be the ideal source for noninvasive biomarkers of CKD. This review will discuss the recent advance in urinary biomarker. Read More
Background:: Studies on the association between spicy food intake and cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. We quantitatively assessed this association by conducting a meta-analysis based on evidence from case-control studies.
Methods:: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible publications. Read More
Background:: Localized macular edema and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning have been reported shortly after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in adults. However, it is still unclear how LASIK affects the retina of children. This study aimed to investigate the macular retina and RNFL thickness in children with refractive amblyopia who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). Read More
Background:: Calcium regulatory proteins-L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs), ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2), and Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger isoform 1 (NCX1) have been recognized as important protective mechanisms during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/RI). Both sevoflurane postconditioning (SevoPoC) and delayed remote ischemic preconditioning (DRIPC) have been shown to protect the heart against I/RI. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of SevoPoC and DRIPC on the expression of the three calcium regulatory proteins in an isolated rat heart model. Read More
Background:: Psychocardiological researches have suggested a central role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on psychocardiological mechanism. This study aimed to further explore the central role of 5-HT and pretreatment effects of XinLingWan on rats with myocardial infarction (MI) and/or depression.
Methods:: Ninety Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: MI group, depression group, and MI + depression group (n = 30 in each group). Read More
Background:: Limb-salvage surgery is the standard procedure for the treatment of appendicular osteosarcoma. Precise resection is the trend in limb-salvage surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate a large series of cases to identify the histological relationship between the tumor and marrow and determine the intramedullary transition type and width from the tumor to normal marrow in patients with osteosarcoma after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Read More
Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100044, China.
Background:: Quantifying syphilis prevalence is important for planning interventions and advocating for resources on syphilis. However, data on large sample studies regarding the prevalence of syphilis among reproductive-age women in rural China were not available for analysis. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence, epidemiological characteristics, and related factors of syphilis infection among reproductive-age women in rural China. Read More
Background:: Entecavir (ETV) has been shown to be effective in randomized controlled trials in highly selected patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of ETV in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients in the real-world setting.
Methods:: A total of 233 treatment-naïve, CHB patients who received at least 12 months of ETV treatment were included in this retrospective study. Read More
Background:: Portal-vein stent combined with one iodine-125 ((125)I) seed strand has become a new treatment for portal vein tumor thrombosis. However, dosimetric aspects of this irradiation stent have not been reported. Therefore, we aimed to undertake dosimetric analyses comparing portal-vein stents combined with different numbers of (125)I seed strands. Read More
Background:: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is frequently associated with paraneoplastic inflammatory syndrome (PIS). This study aimed at exploring the connections between the survival rate and specific gene alterations and the potential mechanism.
Methods:: We retrospectively studied 69 surgical RCC cases from August 2014 to February 2016, including 18 cases of clear cell RCC (ccRCC) demonstrating elevated pretreatment serum C-reactive protein (CRP, Group A). Read More
Background:: Preoperative anatomical scoring system is conducive to comparison between treatment options and evaluation of postoperative outcomes in patients with small renal tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical application efficacy of the R.E. Read More
Kidney Research Institute, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041; Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
Background:: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is a commonly used clinical immunosuppressant. However, CsA exposure in rabbits during the gestation period was shown to cause a postnatal decrease in the number of nephrons, with the effects remaining unknown. In this study, we aimed to explore the effects of CsA on metanephros development in the pregnant BALB/c mice. Read More
Background:: Core fucosylation (CF), catalyzed by α-1,6 fucosyltransferase (Fut8) in mammals, plays an important role in pathological processes through posttranslational modification of key signaling receptor proteins, including transforming growth factor (TGF)-β receptors and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. However, its effect on peritoneal fibrosis is unknown. Here, we investigated its influence on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) in vitro induced by a high-glucose (HG) culture solution. Read More
Background: Current treatments for scoliosis have some defects and complications. To study spinal deformities and test novel scoliosis treatments, many animal models of scoliosis have been developed. These models applied a single load to the spine and could not precisely modulate the spinal growth in different dimensions. Read More
Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.
Background: The etiology of Kienböck's disease is controversial, and the blood supply is a possible pathogenic factor. The red lead (Pb3O4) angiography with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) of lunate to investigate intralunate arteries has rarely been reported. This study aimed to investigate a new, reasonable, and simplified technique to study the intraosseous arterial pattern of normal lunates. Read More
Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, The Key Laboratory of Remodeling-related Cardiovascular Disease, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100029, China.
Background: High rate of in-stent restenosis (ISR) remained an unsolved clinical problem in clinical practice, especially among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic patients often had hypertriglyceridemia with elevated levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C). Increasing evidence suggested that VLDL-C was known as a significant risk factor for atherosclerosis and had been recommended as a treatment target by current dyslipidemia guidelines. Read More
Background:: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common and life-threatening systemic complication of rhabdomyolysis. Inflammation plays an important role in the development of rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI. This study aimed to investigate the kidney model of AKI caused by rhabdomyolysis to verify the role of macrophage Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor-kappa B (TLR4/NF-κB) signaling pathway. Read More