32,424 results match your criteria Chinese Medical Journal [Journal]


[Reconstruction of neglected Achilles tendon rupture: flexor hallucis longus transfer versus gastrocnemius turn-down flaps].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):542-546

Institute of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

To compare the outcome of either flexor hallucis longus transfer or turn-down of proximal Achilles tendon tissue repair in treating chronic Achilles tendon rupture. The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent repair of Myerson type Ⅲ chronic Achilles tendon rupture at Peking University Sports Medicine Research Institute from May 2012 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 11 cases were treated with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer, and 10 cases were treated with gastrocnemius turn-down flaps repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.013DOI Listing
February 2019

[Modified Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index Scale used in patients with knee osteoarthritis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):537-541

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China.

To modify Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) for more accurate evaluation of patients with knee osteoarthritis in China,and its reliability and validity were measured. The WOMAC was modified through reviewing relevant literatures and practical survey.Total of 120 patients were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.012DOI Listing
February 2019

[Different care models and symptom progression of Alzheimer's disease in China].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):532-536

Department of Psychiatry, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To compare the differences of cognitive function, daily living ability and neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with sporadic type of Alzheimer's disease (AD) under different care modes, and find the most favorable care mode for delaying the progress of disease. One hundred and twenty cases of AD patients were divided into three groups: Spouse Care Group, Adult Child Care Group and Nursing Home Group. Medical history collection and scale evaluation were carried out by trained specialists on 3 groups of patients and caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.011DOI Listing
February 2019

[Construction and analysis of gene co-expression networks in intracranial aneurysm].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):525-531

Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

To analyze the expression microarray data in the public databases of intracranial aneurysms (IA) using bioinformatics, and to provide important information for the study of disease mechanisms. Gene co-expression network was constructed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) based on the dataset (GSE75436) and pivot genes were identified. Using the online tool DAVID (Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery) to perform GO function enrichment and KEGG path analysis on modules highly related to IA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.010DOI Listing
February 2019

[Correlation among serum levels of Irisin, insulin resistance and abdominal obesityin patients with first-episode schizophrenia].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):520-524

Department of Psychiatry, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To explore the possible role of Irisin in antipsychotic drug-induced insulin resistance and abdominal obesity in patients with schizophrenia and to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of antipsychotic drug-induced obesity. Fifty-five patients with first-episode schizophrenia, from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, between January 2016 and December 2017, were admitted as well as fifty healthy controls during the same period. Serum Irisin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.009DOI Listing
February 2019

[Correlation between polymorphism of CYP19A1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 gene and endometriosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):515-519

Reproductive Medicine Center, the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhehot 010050, China.

To study the association between polymorphisms in CYP19A1 rs2899470, GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 rs1695 and the development of endometriosis. Between October 2015 and October 2017, 262 endometriosis patients and 275 control subjects were recruited from the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University. Genotyping was conducted using polymerase chain reaction-coupled with restriction fragment length polymorphism and multiplex allele specific polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.008DOI Listing
February 2019

[Regulatory effect of exosomes secreted by vaginal wall fibroblasts on angiogenesis in patients with stress urinary incontinence].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):510-514

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Shanxi Academy of Medical Sciences & Shanxi Da Yi Hospital, Shanxi Da Yi Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030032, China.

Exosomes are considered to mediate intercellular communication by delivering biomolecules like mRNA, miRNA into recipient cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exosomes secreted by fibroblasts from women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI-EXO) on endothelial cells angiogenesis. Primary fibroblasts were acquired from periurethral vaginal wall tissues and exosomes were prepared by ultracentrifugation of fibroblasts cells conditioned medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.007DOI Listing
February 2019

[The effect of Cathepsin S in primary biliary cholangitis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):505-509

Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Key Laboratory of Rheumatology and Cinical Immunology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100730, China.

To explore the effect of cathepsin (Cat) S in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). The serum of PBC patients and Hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients were collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2016 to July 2017 and the liver tissue of PBC were collected from March 2010 to July 2013. Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum concentrations of total-and pro-Cat S respectively in 24 PBC patients, 24 Hepatitis B patients and 24 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.006DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

[Application of stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging model in quantitative diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: in a rabbit model].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):500-504

Department of Radiology, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, China.

To evaluate the feasibility of diffusion parameters obtained from mono-exponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in staging of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and compare the diagnosis ability of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Thirty-two 12 -week-old male New Zealand rabbits, about 2.5 kg of each, were randomly divided into five groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.005DOI Listing
February 2019

[Magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion weighted imaging features of focal peliosis hepatis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):496-499

Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Department of Medical Imaging, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To investigate the MRI and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) features of focal peliosis hepatis. The clinical data and MRI of 19 cases with focal peliosis hepatis confirmed by pathology from January 2012 to March 2018 in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. The number, location, size, shape, signal intensity of plain scan of lesions, enhancement pattern of lesions, vessels within lesions, and perfusion disorders of hepatic parenchyma were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.004DOI Listing
February 2019

[Computer-aided assessment of liver fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B: an exploratory research].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):491-495

Department of Ultrasound, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To establish automatic liver fibrosis classification models by using traditional machine learning and deep learning methods and preliminaryly evaluate the efficiency. Gray scale ultrasound images and corresponding elastic images of 354 patients, 247 males and 107 females, mean age (54±12) years undergoing partial hepatectomy in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from November 2014 to January 2016 were enrolled in this study. By using traditional machine learning and deep learning methods, an automatic classification model of liver fibrosis stages (S0 to S4) were established through feature extraction and classification of ultrasound image data sets and the accuracy in different classification categories of each model were calculated, by using liver biopsy as the reference standard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.003DOI Listing
February 2019

[The imaging study and progress of liver fibrosis should be emphasized].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):481-483

Department of Medical Imaging, Tongji Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.001DOI Listing
February 2019

[Trans-jugular transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect solely under echocardiography guidance in infants].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):458-461

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.015DOI Listing
February 2019

[Effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride on Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway during endotoxin-induced acute lung injury in neonate rats].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):453-457

Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Anti-cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450008, China.

To evaluate the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride on the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/antioxidant responsive element (Nrf2/ARE) signaling pathway during endotoxin-induced acute lung injury(ALI) in neonate rats. Forty 7-day-old Wistar rats weighing 12-18 g were randomly divided into 4 groups (10) using a random number table: normal saline group(NS group), acute lung injury(ALI group), penehyclidine hydrochloride group(PHC group) and penehyclidine hydrochloride+ Nrf2 siRNA plasmid group(PNS group). The ALI model was induced with intraperitoneal endotoxin (5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Establishment of rat model of cardiorenal syndrome by transabdominal subtotal nephrectomy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):447-452

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, China.

To evaluate the changes of rat renal function and cardiac function after transabdominal subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) and provide an ideal animal model for the study of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). The SD rats (male, 5-6 weeks) were randomly divided into Sham group (10) and STNx group (10). The rats from Sham group underwent sham surgery, and the right nephrectomy plus the 2/3 left kidney artery ligation through abdominal incision were performed in the rats from STNx group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.013DOI Listing
February 2019

[Changes of intestinal mucosal barrier function and effects of early enteral nutrition in patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):442-446

Intensive Care Unit, Bozhou People's Hospital Affiliated to Anhui University of Science and Technology, Bozhou 236800, China.

To observe the changes of intestinal barrier function in patients with acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (ASOPP) and the effect of early enteral nutrition on them. A single-center, single-sample, prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. A total of 50 patients with ASOPP were divided into 24 h enteral nutrition group (group A) and 48 h (48-72 h) enteral nutrition group (B group) according to the order of hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.012DOI Listing
February 2019

[Analysis of adverse events of clinical blood use except for the adverse reactions of blood transfusion].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):438-441

Department of Blood Transfusion, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, China.

To reduce the occurrence of adverse events of clinical blood use by analyzing the clinical adverse events of blood use except for the adverse reactions of blood transfusion. A retrospective analysis was performed on 294 cases of adverse events of clinical blood use other than adverse blood transfusion reactions in Shijitan hospital from January 2014 to December 2017, and a statistical analysis was made on the types of adverse events of clinical blood use, blood transfusion related departments, and internal and surgical blood use. The incidence of adverse events of clinical blood use was 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.011DOI Listing
February 2019

[Diagnostic value of multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification combined with Sanger sequencing in 21-hydroxylase deficiency].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):432-437

Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, National Health Commission, Beijing 100730, China.

To study the procedure of gene mutation detection in 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) patients. The detail clinical and biochemical data of 51 patients with 21-OHD [18 males and 33 females, with an average age of (16.4±9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.010DOI Listing
February 2019

[Complications of transperineal template-guided prostate mapping biopsy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):428-431

Department of Urology, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital Affiliated to Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, China.

To assess the complications of transperineal template-guided prostate mapping biopsy (TTMB). Between May 2017 and March 2018, 142 consecutive patients with prior negative transrectal biopsy results and persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were divided into the observation group and the control group randomly. The observation group underwent TTMB and the control group underwent transperineal template-guided prostate saturation biopsy (TTSB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.009DOI Listing
February 2019

[Comparative observation of thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique and transurethral resection of the prostate for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia of various sizes].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):423-427

Department of Urology, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, Guiyang 550002, China.

To compare the efficiency and safety of thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) of various sizes. Clinical data of 249 BPH patients received TmLRP-TT or TURP were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into small prostate group [prostate volume (PV)<40 ml], medium prostate group (40 ml≤PV<80 ml) and large prostate group (PV ≥ 80 ml) based on transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.008DOI Listing
February 2019

[Activation of GPER inhibts proliferation and autophagy in prostatic epithelial cells].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):419-422

Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical College, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, Guangzhou 510230, China.

To investigate the effect of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) on proliferation and autophagy in prostatic epithelial cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay was used to observe the growth of BPH-1 and RWPE-1 cells after treating with or not with estradiol or GPER selective agonist G1. Autophagy was quantified with Western blot and Cyto-ID autophagy detection kit after treating with estradiol, G1 or both G1 and G15 in the same cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.007DOI Listing
February 2019

[Current view on obstructive sleep apnea in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis].

Authors:
Q Y Li A L Song

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):416-418

Wuxi Branch of Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Wuxi 214000, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Bronchial asthma and obstructive sleep apnea].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):414-415

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou 510120, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Sleep and sleep related breathing disorders in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Authors:
W Wang

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):411-413

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.004DOI Listing
February 2019

[Sleep and sleep breathing problems in lung cancer patients].

Authors:
X L Zhang B Y Chen

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):407-410

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.003DOI Listing
February 2019

[Focus on complications of flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):404-406

Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.002DOI Listing
February 2019

[Recognize sleep disorder in patients with common respiratory diseases].

Authors:
F Han B Y Chen

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):401-403

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.001DOI Listing
February 2019

[Performance of Knosp grade for cavernous sinus invasion of Cushing's disease].

Authors:
X Y Xu R Z Wang

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):388-390

Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To review the outcomes in patients with Cushing's disease (CD) after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) and to assess the performance of Knosp grade for cavernous sinus invasion (CSI). Medical records were reviewed for patients with CD undergoing TSS from 1978 to 2017 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Based on whether CSI was observed during surgery, the sensitivity and specificity of Knosp grade for CSI were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.014DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

[Comparison of the accuracy of neuronavigation and linear measurement in the positioning of parasagittal meningioma].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):384-387

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233004, China.

To explore the accuracy of preoperative positioning of neuronavigation and linear measurement localization in the parasagittal meningioma. Thirty-eight patients with parasagittal meningioma who underwent neurosurgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2016 to April 2018 were preoperatively positioned with neuronavigation localization and linear measurement localization. The actual position of the tumor was observed during operation, and the accuracy of the two methods was compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.013DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Study on the risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation of cerebellar infarction after posterior fossa decompression surgery].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):380-383

Department of Neurosurgery, Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital, Jinhua 321000, China.

To investigate the related risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of cerebellar infarction after posterior fossa decompression surgery. A total of 91 patients with cerebellar infarction were treated by posterior fossa decompression surgery in Department of Neurosurgery of Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital from Jan 2010 to Jan 2018, were selected as study subjects. The HT group included 17 cases, while the Non-HT group included 74 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.012DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Evaluation of the effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback therapy for postpartum pelvic organ prolapse: a static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging study].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):375-379

Department of Radiology, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin 300192, China.

To explore the clinical value of static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating the effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse postpartum. A total of 50 primiparas diagnosed as pelvic organ prolapse postpartum from February 2016 to November 2017 were randomly divided into treatment group (24 cases) and control group (26 cases). The control group recovered spontaneously, and the treatment group received electric stimulation combined with biofeedback therapy (6 weeks). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.011DOI Listing
January 2019

[The relationship between simple numerical function and gray matter volume in normal brain aging].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):370-374

Department of MRI, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To explore the relationship between simple numerical function and gray matter volume (GMV) in normal brain aging using the voxel-based morphometry(VBM) approach. A total of 123 individuals from 18 to 70 years old (63 males,60 females,the average age was (43±14) years, were recruited from right-handed healthy Han Chinese volunteers at the Department of MRI at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between October 2016 and June 2017. All subjects underwent magnetic resonance sagital three-dimensional imaging scanning, and statistical parameter graph (SPM) 8 software was used for voxel-based morphological analysis to compare the differences in gray matter volume between different age groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.010DOI Listing
January 2019

[Predictive value of white blood cell, procalcitonin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein for the bloodstream infection in the super-elderly critically-ill patients].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):365-369

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the ability of white blood cell (WBC), procalcitonin (PCT) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the super-elderly patients with bloodstream infection. It was a retrospective study. A total of 77 patients (≥85 years) admitted to the ICU of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June, 2016 to December, 2017 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Surgical results and sagittal alignment analysis of different fusion levels for degenerative scoliosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):359-364

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To retrospectively investigate the effects of long segment fusion and short segment fusion on lumbar sagittal alignment and quality of life in patients with degenerative scoliosis. From January 2011 to December 2014, 75 patients with degenerative scoliosis were treated with pedicle screw fixation. Total of 56 females and 19 males were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[PLA2G6 compound complicated mutation in an atypical neuroaxonal dystrophy pedigree].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):354-358

Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

To analyze the clinical presentation, imaging features, and the mutation of the pathogenic genes in a Chinese Han atypical neuroaxonal dystrophy pedigree. A family of atypical neuroaxonal dystrophy pedigree who came to Henan Provincal People's Hospital in July 2016 was included. Clinical presentation, imaging features of the pedigree were analyzed, and all exon gene detection of the proband was performed to capture the target variations, then verified by sanger sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Efficacy and mechanism of loading dose clopidogrel in patients with transient ischemic attack and minor stroke].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):349-353

Department of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, China.

To assess outcome, safety and possible mechanism of loading dose clopidogrel in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke. We reviewed patients with confirmed TIA and minor stroke admitted between July 2016 and December 2017 into the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Loss-of-function allele carriers of CYP2C19 were included and randomly divided into loading dose group (first dose of 300 mg clopidogrel) and standard dose group (first dose of 75 mg clopidogrel), 100 mg aspirin was gave at the same time, followed by aspirin 100 mg/d plus clopidogrel 75 mg/d maintaining for 20 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Biomarkers screening for viral myocarditis through proteomics analysis of plasma exosomes].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):343-348

Department of Cardiology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450000, China.

To compare and analyze the differentially expressed plasma exosomic proteome between healthy control group (Control group) and viral myocarditis group (VMC group) to search for biomarkers that maybe used for early diagnosis of VMC. Fifty plasma samples of Control group and VMC group were collected respectively from Henan Provincial People's Hospital (from January 2016 to December 2017), and then 5 samples (1 ml) of each group were selected randomly, after exosomes extraction with ultra-centrifugation, difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) was used to isolate the total proteins, and then the protein spots with more than 2-fold changes between VMC and Control group were picked up after the software analysis, afterward, the varied proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. Finally, the specifically related protein was selected to be verified by ELISA with the plasma exosomic samples of Control (40) and VMC (40). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Quantitative evaluation of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging and three-dimensional arterial spin labeling in Ki-67 labeling index and grading of brain gliomas].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):338-342

Department of Pathology, Li Huili Hospital, Ningbo Medical Center, Ningbo 315040, China.

To investigate the value of multiple parameters derived from intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) and three-dimensional arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL) in Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI) and grading of human brain gliomas. From December 2015 to May 2018, 45 patients of gliomas confirmed by surgical pathology in Li Huili Hospital, Ningbo Medical Center were divided into low-grade group (20 cases of WHO grade Ⅱ) and high-grade group (12 cases of WHO grade Ⅲ, 13 cases of WHO grade Ⅳ), and the Ki-67 LI of glioma was obtained by immunohistochemistry. All patients, 24 males and 21 females, aged 25-83 years, mean(53±12)years, underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), IVIM-DWI and 3D-ASL before operation, then measured the true water diffusion coefficient (D), microcirculation perfusion coefficient (D(*)), perfusion fraction (f) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the tumor solid area and the contralateral normal white matter area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.004DOI Listing
January 2019

[Magnetic resonance imaging study of endolymphatic hydrops based on 3D-FLAIR sequence after single-dose intravenous gadolinium injection].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):333-337

Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the visualization of endolymph in patients with otogenic vertigo by intravenous administration of single dose of gadolinium contrast agents and magnetic resonance three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence (3D-FLAIR MRI), and further assess the extent of endolymphatic hydrops. From Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University between October 2017 and June 2018, 30 patients (16 males, 14 females) with unilateral otogenic vertigo were involved in this study, with the age of 30 to 68 years, mean age of (53±10) years. Eight hours after intravenous administration of single dose (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.003DOI Listing
January 2019

[Functional lateralization of major Chinese language cortex for presurgical evaluation in neurosurgery].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;99(5):329-332

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100070, China.

To investigate the functional lateralization of major Chinese language cortex in patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in dominant hemispheric via functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Nine right-handed normal volunteers and fourteen patients with cerebral AVM in dominant hemisphere diagnosed in Beijing Tiantan Hospital between December 2017 and June 2018 were included. Three language tasks (semantic judgment, word reading, and listening comprehension) were applied to activate language areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.05.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Influence of renal function by transplant operation for living-related kidney donors in a short term.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Urology/Institute of Urology/Organ Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000080DOI Listing
February 2019
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Interleukin-18 exacerbates skin inflammation and affects microabscesses and scale formation in an imiquimod-induced mouse model of psoriasis.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Dermatology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, China.

Background: As a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine of the interleukin (IL)-1 family, IL-18 was elevated in early active and progressive plaque-type psoriatic lesions and that serum or plasma levels of IL-18 correlated with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Although results from previous studies have established that IL-18 may aggravate psoriatic inflammation, the mechanisms of this process remain unknown. In this study, IL-18 knock out (KO) mice and Wild-type (WT) mice were used to investigate the effects of IL-18 within a mouse model of psoriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000140DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of esmolol and lidocaine on agitation in awake phase of anesthesia among children: a double-blind, randomized clinical consort study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Cheonan, 31, Soonchunhyang 6-gil, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 330-721, Republic of Korea.

Background: Sevoflurane is widely used to anesthetize children because of its rapid action with minimal irritation of the airways. However, there is a high risk of agitation after emergence from anesthesia. Strabismus surgery, in particular, can trigger agitation because patients have their eyes covered in the postoperative period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000141DOI Listing
February 2019

Late-onset mitochondrial disease in a patient with MELAS and mitochondrial DNA T14487C mutation.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Research Institute of Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases and Department of Neurology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250000, China.

We report a case of a 58-year-old male who presented with stroke-like episodes and late-onset mitochondrial encephalopathy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple lesions in different locations, including in the left hypothalamus, bilateral parietal lobe, left occipital lobe, centrum semiovale and right cerebellar hemisphere. Muscle histopathological analysis showed no myopathic changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000139DOI Listing
February 2019
1.016 Impact Factor

Presence of serum antinuclear antibodies correlating unfavorable overall survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China.

Background: Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are positive in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but the prognostic value of ANAs remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ANAs as a prognostic factor in CLL.

Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 216 newly diagnosed CLL subjects with ANAs test from 2007 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000114DOI Listing
February 2019
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1.016 Impact Factor

Cathelicidin LL-37 restoring glucocorticoid function in smoking and lipopolysaccharide-induced airway inflammation in rats.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Beijing 100730, China.

Background: Glucocorticoids have been widely used to treat patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nevertheless, corticosteroid insensitivity is a major barrier to the effective treatment of COPD and its mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cathelicidin LL-37 on corticosteroid insensitivity in COPD rat model, and to explore the involved mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000107DOI Listing
February 2019

Impaired brain white matter and functional networks in healthy individuals with auditory verbal hallucinations.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatric-Neuroimaging-Genetics Laboratory, Wenzhou seventh People's Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000106DOI Listing
February 2019
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Analysis of chronic kidney disease staging with different estimated glomerular filtration rate equations in Chinese centenarians.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Nephrology, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Chinese People's Liberation Army Institute of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, Beijing 100853, China.

Background: Accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and staging of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important. Currently, there is no research on the differences in several estimated GFR equations for staging CKD in a large sample of centenarians. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the differences in CKD staging with the most commonly used equations and to analyze sources of discrepancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000079DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Cerebral toxoplasmosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation diagnosed by megagenomic analysis.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Hematolgy and Hematological Research Laboratory, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000087DOI Listing
February 2019
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Comment to "Correction of Contour Deformity Using Reverse Abdominoplasty Combined with Mini-Abdominoplasty".

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000045DOI Listing
February 2019