838,958 results match your criteria Chinese Journal Of Communication[Journal]


Schizandrin A inhibits cellular phenotypes of breast cancer cells by repressing miR-155.

IUBMB Life 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, Jining, Shandong, China.

Aims: Schizandrin A (SchA) is a type of lignan with biological properties against oxidation, inflammation, and cancer. Here, we aimed to sustain the bioactive properties of SchA in proliferative and motional phenotypes of MDA-MB-231 cells and their molecular mechanism.

Methods: MDA-MB-231 cells were exposed to SchA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.2329DOI Listing

Efficacy of IPL Therapy for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris: a Meta-Analysis.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Dermatology, Wenzhou Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Intense pulse light (IPL) has been adopted by numerous patients. However, no existing study has analyzed the efficiency and safety of IPL in the treatment of acne vulgaris.

Objective: To assess the efficiency and safety of IPL in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13586DOI Listing

Perceived age and perceived health among a Chinese cohort: does it mean the same thing?

Int J Cosmet Sci 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Oriflame Global insight, Oriflame Cosmetics AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background & Aims: Previous investigations have aimed at investigating parameters affecting age perception on several ethnicities. Perceived health has been a newer focus on Caucasian skin, yet little is known on the skin features used to estimate the health status of Chinese women and we aimed to investigate whether these cues are the same as those used for age perception.

Methods: Age and health appearance of 276 Chinese female volunteers was estimated from their photographs by 1025 female naïve Chinese graders 20-69 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ics.12647DOI Listing

Aromatase deficiency: a case series of 46, XX Chinese children and a systematic review of the literature.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Endocrinology, Genetics, Metabolism, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Background: Aromatase deficiency (AD) caused by cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A polypeptide 1 (CYP19A1) variants is characterized by a deficiency in androgen-to-oestrogen conversion.

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and accurate management of aromatase-deficient children.

Patients And Methods: We described three 46, XX aromatase-deficient children, searched PubMed with "(aromatase deficiency) AND (46, XX OR ovaries)" and manually searched citations in identified studies for the literature review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.14277DOI Listing

Residue dissipation, transfer and safety evaluation of picoxystrobin during tea growing and brewing.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310008, China.

Background: Picoxystrobin is a new osmotic and systemic broad-spectrum methoxyacrylate fungicide with a good control effect on tea anthracnose, so it was proposed to spray picoxystrobin before the occurrence and onset of tea anthracnose during the tea bud growth in order to protect them. However, there was few report about the residue analysis method, field dissipation, terminal residue and risk assessment of picoxystrobin in tea. And there was not a scientific and reasonable MRL of picoxystrobin in green tea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10631DOI Listing

Analysis on Situation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Development and Protection Strategies in China.

Authors:
Hui Liu Zhi-Guo Ma

Chin J Integr Med 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Intellectual Property Research Center, School of Law, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049, China.

With the worldwide growing interest and commercial value of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) industries and products, the protection issue of TCM knowledge is increasingly concerned by Chinese government. Here, we investigated the current situation and trend of TCM development and knowledge protection in China through accessing academic research tools including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, VIP China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Google Scholar, analyzing the latest data released by National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Statistical Yearbook of Chinese Medicine and China Statistical Yearbook. Our results demonstrate that current administration in China is continuing to support TCM development by increasing investment and expanding the scale in TCM research and administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-020-3218-0DOI Listing

Danlou Tablet () Improves Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia-induced Dyslipidemia and Arteriosclerosis by HIF-1 α-Angptl4 mRNA Signaling Pathway.

Chin J Integr Med 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Objective: To detect whether Danlou Tablet (, DLT) regulates the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1 α-angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) mRNA signaling pathway and explore the role of DLT in treating chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis.

Methods: The mature adipocytes were obtained from 3T3-L1 cell culturation and allocated into 8 groups including control groups (Groups 1 and 5, 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DLT groups (Groups 2 and 6, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-020-3255-8DOI Listing

Bufalin inhibits hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma development through androgen receptor dephosphorylation and cell cycle-related kinase degradation.

Cell Oncol (Dordr) 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Liver Disease Department, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.528. Zhangheng Road, Pudong New District, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has a male predominance, lacks effective therapeutic options. Previously, the cardiac glycoside analogue bufalin has been found to inhibit HBV infection and HCC development. As yet, however, its molecular role in HBV-associated HCC has remained obscure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13402-020-00546-0DOI Listing

Gestational bisphenol A exposure induces fatty liver development in male offspring mice through the inhibition of HNF1b and upregulation of PPARγ.

Cell Biol Toxicol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Toxicology, Shaanxi Key Lab of Free Radical Biology and Medicine, the Ministry of Education Key Lab of Hazard Assessment and Control in Special Operational Environment, School of Public Health, Air Force Medical University (Fourth Military Medical University), Changle West Road 169, Xi'an, 710032, Shaanxi Province, China.

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The effects of gestational BPA exposure on hepatic lipid accumulation in offspring are not fully understood. Here, we investigate the sex-dependent effects of gestational BPA exposure on hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism in the offspring of mice to reveal the mechanisms underlying gestational BPA exposure-associated NAFLD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10565-020-09535-3DOI Listing

Trend in health-related quality of life and health utility and their decrements due to non-communicable diseases and risk factors: analysis of four population-based surveys between 1998 and 2015.

Qual Life Res 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Rm 1-01, 1/F, Jockey Club Building for Interdisciplinary Research, 5 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Purpose: To revisit the population norms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health utility for the Hong Kong general population, compare these scores over past health surveys, and assess the association of scores with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors.

Methods: HRQoL data measured by the standard Short Form 12 Health Survey-version 2 (SF-12v2) were extracted from the surveys in 1998, 2003/2004, 2008/2009 and 2014/2015. SF-12v2 data were mapped to the Short-form 6-dimension (SF-6D) preference-based measure to generate the health utility scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02560-zDOI Listing

β-Asarone Exerts Antioxidative Effects on HO-Stimulated PC12 Cells by Activating Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway.

Neurochem Res 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine·College of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. Although β-asarone is widely known for its neuroprotective pharmacological properties, the exact mechanism of β-asarone against oxidative stress has not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate underlying mechanisms of β-asarone against oxidative damage in PC12 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11064-020-03060-9DOI Listing

An investigation on the current patterns of using consumables and sterilizing accessories in phacoemulsification in China.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, 54S Xianlie Road, Guangzhou, 510060, China.

Purpose: To survey the routine application of consumables and sterilized accessories of phacoemulsification in mainland China.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. A questionnaire link was sent to Chinese ophthalmologists via the most widely used social communication tool (WeChat platform). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01493-3DOI Listing

IL-4 and IL-10 promotes phagocytic activity of microglia by up-regulation of TREM2.

Cytotechnology 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025, China.

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2) is an innate immune receptor that promotes phagocytosis by microglia. However, whether TREM2 is related to the stimulus-dependent phagocytic activity of microglia is unclear. In this study, the primary cultured microglia were stimulated with interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, and interleukin (IL)-10, respectively, and their phagocytic activity against microbeads and apoptotic neural stem cells (NSCs) was measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10616-020-00409-4DOI Listing

Photodynamic treatment with purpurin 18 effectively inhibits triple negative breast cancer by inducing cell apoptosis.

Lasers Med Sci 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

School of Chinese Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.

This study aims to evaluate the photodynamic efficacy of purpurin 18 (pu-18) on triple negative breast cancer both in vitro and in vivo. Two states of 4T1 cells, 2D culture and 3D spheroids, were used to evaluate the photodynamic action of pu-18 in vitro. The in vitro study results indicated that for the 4T1 2D cell culture, the photodynamic therapy (PDT) treatment showed significant photocytotoxicity at low pu-18 concentrations following light irradiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-020-03035-wDOI Listing

RP11-323N12.5 promotes the malignancy and immunosuppression of human gastric cancer by increasing YAP1 transcription.

Gastric Cancer 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210093, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Background: YAP1 is a core protein of the Hippo signaling pathway and is associated with malignancy and immunosuppression. In the present study, we discovered a novel lncRNA, RP11-323N12.5, with tumor promotion and immunosuppression activities through enhancing transcription of YAP1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-020-01099-9DOI Listing

The Acquisition of English Anaphoric Expressions by Adult Chinese Speakers.

Authors:
Maurizio Santoro

J Psycholinguist Res 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Queenborough Community College/CUNY, 222-05 56th Ave, Bayside, NY, 11364, USA.

The present study has investigated the occurrence of the English anaphoric expressions, he/she, in L2 grammars. Adult Chinese learners of English were evaluated on whether they were able to provide a correct semantic interpretation of these pronouns when they appeared in complex sentences (subordinate + matrix) and correlative structures. Results have shown that L2 learners did not encounter any major difficulties in identifying the appropriate antecedents of these pronominal forms and were almost as accurate as English native speakers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10936-020-09717-4DOI Listing

The genetics of venous thromboembolism: a systematic review of thrombophilia families.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, NO 2, East Yinghua Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

Genetic risk factors are important for the occurrence and prognosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The studies of thrombophilia families are important for dissecting the genetic background of the thrombotic disease. We conducted the systematic review of all published family-based studies on VTE genetics across all racial groups through PubMed and Embase prior to 13th April 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-020-02203-7DOI Listing

Parkin, an E3 Ubiquitin Ligase, Plays an Essential Role in Mitochondrial Quality Control in Parkinson's Disease.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Anatomy, School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD), as one of the complex neurodegenerative disorders, affects millions of aged people. Although the precise pathogenesis remains mostly unknown, a significant number of studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial dysfunction acts as a major role in the pathogeny of PD. Both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA mutations can damage mitochondrial integrity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-020-00914-2DOI Listing

Purification and characterization of glucoamylase of Aspergillus oryzae from Luzhou-flavour Daqu.

Biotechnol Lett 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

College of Bioengineering, Sichuan University of Science & Engineering, No. 180, Xueyuan Street, Huixing Road, Zigong, 643000, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To obtain novel glucoamylase from Daqu microbe.

Results: A dominant strain known as LZ2 with high activity of hydrolyzing starch was isolated from Luzhou Daqu, a Chinese traditional fermentation starter. The LZ2 was identified as Aspergillus oryzae by 18S rDNA sequence analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-020-02956-4DOI Listing

The impact of atrial fibrillation on outcomes in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy.

World J Urol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 1 Dongdan Dahua Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Purpose: To assess the role of atrial fibrillation (AF) on complicating inpatient outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP).

Materials And Methods: We identified patients treated with RP during 2012-2014 within National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Length of stay, cost of hospitalization, and in-hospital complications were compared between patients with or without diagnosis of AF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03337-2DOI Listing

A comparative study of microbial community and functions of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with obesity and healthy people.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, China.

The gut microbiota is crucial in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the metabolism of T2DM patients is not well-understood. We aimed to identify the differences on composition and function of gut microbiota between T2DM patients with obesity and healthy people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-10689-7DOI Listing

Bone microstructure of adult patients with non-surgical hypoparathyroidism assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography.

Osteoporos Int 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Shuaifuyuan No.1, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

There is limited evidence regarding changes in bone microstructure in patients with hypoparathyroidism. In the current study, we used a non-invasive technique to assess bone structure in hypoparathyroidism patients and discovered site-specific changes which were mainly influenced by age and menstrual status. Such changes were more prominent in the trabeculae as well as in non-surgical as opposed to post-surgical patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05506-wDOI Listing

Therapeutic Effect of Berberine on Insomnia Rats by ErbB Signaling Pathway.

Med Sci Monit 2020 Jul 5;26:e921831. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Insomnia seriously affects people's health and quality of life. Short-term use of Western drugs may also be harmful. Traditional Chinese medicine has been widely used to treat diseases in world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.921831DOI Listing

CA-PROM: Validation of a general patient-reported outcomes measure for Chinese patients with cancer.

Cancer Epidemiol 2020 Jul 2;67:101774. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shanxi Medical University, 56 South XinJian Road, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province 030001, China. Electronic address:

Background: Based the important role of patient-reported outcome in measuring patients' QoL, a general PRO instrument was designed for Chinese patients with cancer.

Methods: The instrument was administered in eight hospitals. Based on PRO guidelines, a conceptual framework and item pool were generated after literature review and patients' interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2020.101774DOI Listing

Brain Hepcidin Suppresses Major Pathologies in Experimental Parkinsonism.

iScience 2020 Jun 19;23(7):101284. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China; Gerald Choa Neuroscience Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Despite intensive research on Parkinson disease (PD) for decades, this common neurodegenerative disease remains incurable. We hypothesize that abnormal iron accumulation is a common thread underlying the emergence of the hallmarks of PD, namely mitochondrial dysfunction and α-synuclein accumulation. We investigated the powerful action of the main iron regulator hepcidin in the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2020.101284DOI Listing

Uncertainty-aware multi-view co-training for semi-supervised medical image segmentation and domain adaptation.

Med Image Anal 2020 Jun 27;65:101766. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

NVIDIA Corporation, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA. Electronic address:

Although having achieved great success in medical image segmentation, deep learning-based approaches usually require large amounts of well-annotated data, which can be extremely expensive in the field of medical image analysis. Unlabeled data, on the other hand, is much easier to acquire. Semi-supervised learning and unsupervised domain adaptation both take the advantage of unlabeled data, and they are closely related to each other. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.media.2020.101766DOI Listing

Mask use during COVID-19: A risk adjusted strategy.

Environ Pollut 2020 Jun 25;266(Pt 1):115099. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

China CDC Key Laboratory of Environment and Population Health, National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, 100021, China; Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211166, China. Electronic address:

In the context of Coronavirus Disease (2019) (COVID-19) cases globally, there is a lack of consensus across cultures on whether wearing face masks is an effective physical intervention against disease transmission. This study 1) illustrates transmission routes of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); 2) addresses controversies surrounding the mask from perspectives of attitude, effectiveness, and necessity of wearing the mask with evidence that the use of mask would effectively interrupt the transmission of infectious diseases in both hospital settings and community settings; and 3) provides suggestion that the public should wear the mask during COVID-19 pandemic according to local context. To achieve this goal, government should establish a risk adjusted strategy of mask use to scientifically publicize the use of masks, guarantee sufficient supply of masks, and cooperate for reducing health resources inequities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115099DOI Listing

Bloom-forming toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis: Quantification and monitoring with a high-frequency echosounder.

Water Res 2020 Jun 22;183:116091. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, Institute of Hydrobiology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, China.

Harmful cyanobacterial blooms pose a serious environmental threat to freshwater lakes and reservoirs. Investigating the dynamics of toxic bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis is a challenging task due to its huge spatiotemporal heterogeneity. The hydroacoustic technology allows for rapid scanning of the water column synoptically and has a significant potential for rapid, non-invasive in situ quantification of aquatic organisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116091DOI Listing

Non-target and suspect screening of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in Chinese municipal wastewater treatment plants.

Water Res 2020 Jun 19;183:115989. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is one of the major sources of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) to the aquatic environment. In this study, wastewater samples were collected from 17 WWTPs in 17 cities of China to investigate emerging PFASs in WWTPs. To comprehensively identify PFASs in the wastewater samples, an integrated suspect screening, homologue-based and fragment-based non-target screening method is proposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.115989DOI Listing

Benchmark dose estimation for coke oven emissions based on oxidative damage in Chinese exposed workers.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2020 Jul 2;202:110889. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Occupational Health and Occupational Diseases, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China; The Key Laboratory of Nanomedicine and Health Inspection of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, 450001, China. Electronic address:

Coke oven emissions (COEs) can cause oxidative stress of the body, which in turn induces the occupational lung disease and also increases the risk of other diseases. COEs are the major occupational hazard factors for coke oven workers. The aim of the study is to explore the influences of COEs exposure on oxidative damage and estimate the benchmark dose (BMD) of COEs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.110889DOI Listing

Bioaccumulation and trophic transfer of organophosphate esters in tropical marine food web, South China Sea.

Environ Int 2020 Jul 2;143:105919. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Resources Utilization and Protection, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.

Environmental exposure to organophosphate esters (OPEs) continues to be a concern. Little is known about their bioaccumulation and trophodynamics, especially in tropical food webs. This study collected seawater and fifteen types of organism from a tropical ecosystem, South China Sea, to investigate the species-specific compositional, bioaccumulation, and trophic transfer of OPEs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105919DOI Listing

The efficacy and safety of radiotherapy with adjuvant temozolomide for glioblastoma: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies.

Authors:
Yan Wang Yimo Feng

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 May 26;196:105890. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chongqing General Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Science,Chongqing, PR China. Electronic address:

The efficacy of radiotherapy with adjuvant temozolomide for glioblastoma remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of radiotherapy with adjuvant temozolomide on treatment efficacy for glioblastoma.We search PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through November 24, 2019 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and safety of adjuvant temozolomide to radiotherapy for glioblastoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.105890DOI Listing

A novel approach for rapidly measuring volatile fatty acids in anaerobic process.

Water Res 2020 Jun 12;182:115960. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Water Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Volatile fatty acids (VFAs), the intermediate of the anaerobic process, are considered to be the critical, high-sensitive and reliable indicators of the process stability. Close monitoring and control of VFAs are paramount for the efficient operation of the anaerobic reactors. In this study, a buffer intensity-based mathematical model was developed, and the least square method was integrated into the model to solve the issue of non-linear fitting of the titration curve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.115960DOI Listing

Response of protist community dynamics and co-occurrence patterns to the construction of artificial reefs: A case study in Daya Bay, China.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 27;742:140575. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou 510300, China; National Fishery Resources and Environment Dapeng Observation and Experimental Station, Shenzhen 518120, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Lab. of Fishery Ecology and Environment, Guangzhou 510300, China; Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of South China Sea Fishery Resources & Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affair, Guangzhou 510300, China; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Guangzhou 511458, China.

Artificial reefs (ARs) are widely used for biodiversity conservation and coastal habitat restoration. Although protists play an important ecological role in marine ecosystems, the response of the protist community to ARs is still poorly understood. In the current study, an Illumina sequencing analysis of 18S rDNA was performed, and the diversity, community structure, and co-occurrence networks of protists in the ARs and open sea area (OW) in Daya Bay were described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140575DOI Listing

Comparative uptake, translocation and subcellular distribution of phthalate esters and their primary monoester metabolites in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa var. chinensis).

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 27;742:140550. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

MOE Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China. Electronic address:

Phthalates esters (PAEs) are ubiquitous contaminants in terrestrial system and PAEs can be degraded to monoester metabolites (mPAEs) both in soil and plants, which have equal or even greater biological activity compared to their parent compounds. Until now, little is known about the comparative uptake and translocation of PAEs and mPAEs in plants. In the present study, the uptake and translocation of two commonly used plasticizers, di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and the corresponding mPAEs, mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP) and mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) by Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa var. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140550DOI Listing

Multiple strategies for maintaining stable partial nitritation of low-strength ammonia wastewater.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 29;742:140542. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Department of Water Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Stable production of nitrite is an essential technical challenge for mainstream anaerobic ammonia oxidation (Anammox). Due to difficulties in the stable inhibition of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) and maintenance of long-term partial nitritation (PN), integrated multiple, rather than a single, controlling strategies were preferred especially in a continuous-flow treatment system. A mathematically model was developed to evaluate effects of integrated multiple-strategies on ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and NOB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140542DOI Listing

Impacts of shrub introduction on soil properties and implications for dryland revegetation.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 23;742:140498. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China; CAS Center for Excellence in Quaternary Science and Global Change, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China; Interdisciplinary Research Center of Earth Science Frontier, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

The intensive introduction of shrubs to drylands can alter species composition and affect a series of biotic and abiotic processes. This topic has attracted increasing attention by researchers. To assess the response of soil properties to vegetation succession in arid regions of China, we measured the soil water content (SWC) to a depth of 5-m and determined soil properties of surface (0-5 cm) and subsurface (20-25 cm) layers in areas of natural grasses (NGs) and planted shrubs (PSs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140498DOI Listing

Exploring novel Cr(VI) remediation genes for Cr(VI)-contaminated industrial wastewater treatment by comparative metatranscriptomics and metagenomics.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 25;742:140435. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Tianshuinanlu #222, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China; Key Laboratory for Resources Utilization Technology of Unconventional Water of Gansu province, Gansu Academy of Membrane Science and Technology, Duanjiatanlu #1272, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China. Electronic address:

Microbial remediation is a promising method to treat Cr(VI) in industrial wastewater. The remediation efficiency and stress-resistance ability of Cr(VI) remediation genes in microbes are the limiting factors for their application in industrial wastewater treatment. To screen novel highly efficient Cr(VI) remediation genes, comparative metatranscriptomic and metagenomic analyses were performed on long-term Cr(VI)-contaminated riparian soil with/without additional Cr(VI) treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140435DOI Listing

Industrial structure, urban governance and haze pollution: Spatiotemporal evidence from China.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 11;742:139228. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Public Economics and Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, PR China. Electronic address:

As a negative external product of China's rapid development, haze pollution has seriously affected the quality of economic development and people's quality of life. This paper firstly explores the important reasons for the uncoordinated industrial structure caused by haze pollution, and puts forward the purpose of promoting the adjustment of industrial structure through urban governance in order to tackle with the urgent problem of haze pollution. Using panel data from 287 cities in China, this paper analyzes the relationship among industrial structure, urban governance and haze pollution using the Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression (GTWR) model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139228DOI Listing

Metabolomics combined with proteomics provides a novel interpretation of the changes in nonvolatile compounds during white tea processing.

Food Chem 2020 Jun 24;332:127412. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 9 Meiling South Road, West Lake District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310008, China. Electronic address:

In this study, metabolomics and proteomics were employed to investigate the change mechanism of nonvolatile compounds during white tea processing. A total of 99 nonvolatile compounds were identified, among which the contents of 13 free amino acids, caffeine, theaflavins, 7 nucleosides and nucleotides, and 5 flavone glycosides increased significantly, while the contents of theanine, catechins, theasinesins, 3 proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acids decreased significantly during the withering period. The results of proteomics indicated that the degradation of proteins accounted for the increase in free amino acid levels; the weakened biosynthesis, in addition to oxidation, also contributed to the decrease in flavonoid levels; the degradation of ribonucleic acids contributed to the increase in nucleoside and nucleotide levels during the withering period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127412DOI Listing

Temporal variation analysis and risk assessment of neonicotinoid residues from tea in China.

Environ Pollut 2020 Jun 29;266(Pt 2):115119. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

NHC Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, Chinese Academy of Medical Science Research Unit (2019RU014), China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing, 100021, China. Electronic address:

The extensive use of neonicotinoids (NEOs) has caused the release of wide-ranging of residues to the environment and food, and their potential health risks are now receiving more attention. In this study, three surveys were conducted to obtain the overall profiles of NEO residue levels (seven NEOs and one metabolite) in Chinese tea over a period of seven years. A total of 726 tea samples were tested, and nearly 87% of the samples were found to have detectable NEO residues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115119DOI Listing

Design and evaluation of pH-responsive hydrogel for oral delivery of amifostine and study on its radioprotective effects.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2020 Jun 18;195:111200. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Molecular Nuclear Medicine Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to develop a novel pH-sensitive hydrogel which was used to regulate the acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The hydrogel was fabricated by grafting polycaprolactone onto methacrylic acid copolymer (MAC-g-PCL). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (H NMR) confirmed the obtaining of MAC-g-PCL hydrogel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2020.111200DOI Listing

The prenatal, postnatal, neonatal, and family environmental risk factors for Developmental Coordination Disorder: A study with a national representative sample.

Res Dev Disabil 2020 Jul 2;104:103699. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Psychology, Health and Professional Development, Oxford Brookes University, UK.

Knowledge of obstetric and environmental influences on Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) helps provide increased understanding of the mechanisms underlying the disorder. However, the literature to date has not adequately examined the obstetric and environmental risk factors for DCD in a population-based sample. The current study was therefore conducted to explore the prenatal, perinatal, neonatal, and family environmental risk factors for DCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103699DOI Listing

Artificially designed routes for the conversion of starch to value-added mannosyl compounds through coupling in vitro and in vivo metabolic engineering strategies.

Metab Eng 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

National Engineering Laboratory for Industrial Enzymes, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308, China.

Starch/cellulose has become the major feedstock for manufacturing biofuels and biochemicals because of their abundance and sustainability. In this study, we presented an artificially designed "starch-mannose-fermentation" biotransformation process through coupling the advantages of in vivo and in vitro metabolic engineering strategies together. Starch was initially converted into mannose via an in vitro metabolic engineering biosystem, and then mannose was fermented by engineered microorganisms for biomanufacturing valuable mannosyl compounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2020.06.008DOI Listing

Sexual reproduction potential implied by functional analysis of SPO11 in Phaeodactylum tricornutum.

Gene 2020 Jul 2:144929. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

College of Marine Life, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, China. Electronic address:

Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a model microalgae that is widely used to study diatom physiology and ecology. Since the meiotic process and sexual cycle have never been observed directly, P. tricornutum has been considered to be an asexual species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2020.144929DOI Listing

Fine mapping and candidate gene prediction of a major quantitative trait locus for tassel branch number in maize.

Gene 2020 Jul 2:144928. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Hebei Sub-center of Chinese National Maize Improvement Center, North China Key Laboratory for Crop Germplasm Resource of Education Ministry, College of Agronomy, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, 071000, PR China. Electronic address:

Tassel branch number (TBN) is the principal component of tassel inflorescence architecture in the maize plant. TBN is believed to be controlled by a set of quantitative trait loci (QTLs). However, it is necessary to identify and genetically evaluate these QTLs before the TBN can be improved upon using a molecular breeding approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2020.144928DOI Listing

Predictors of progression from moderate to severe COVID-19: a retrospective cohort.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pharmacy, The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430021, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Most coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases were identified as moderate, which is defined as having a fever or dry cough and lung imaging with ground-glass opacities. The risk factors and predictors of prognosis in such cohorts remain uncertain.

Methods: All adult patients with COVID-19 of moderate severity diagnosed using qRT-PCR and hospitalized at the Central Hospital of Wuhan, China, from Jan 1 to Mar 20, 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2020.06.033DOI Listing

Phylogenetic and genetic analyses of the emerging Nipah virus from bats to humans.

Infect Genet Evol 2020 Jul 2:104442. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Kunming, Yunnan, China; Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Vector-borne Diseases Control and Research, Pu'er, Yunnan, China. Electronic address:

Little is known about the genetic features of Nipah virus (NiV) associated with virulence and transmission. Herein, phylogenetic and genetic analyses for all available NiV strains revealed sequence variations between the two genetic lineages of NiV with pathogenic differences, as well as among different strains within Bangladesh lineage. A total of 143 conserved amino acid differences, distributed among viral nucleocapsid (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), fusion protein (F) and glycoprotein (G), were revealed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104442DOI Listing

Role of selected criteria and preventive chemotherapy in tumor recurrence after liver transplantation.

Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Institute of Organ Transplantation, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Organ Transplantation, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430030, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Organ Transplantation, Wuhan 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Organ Transplantation, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Wuhan 430030, China.

Background: Long-term survival after liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients remains poor because of tumor recurrence. To improve the prognosis of HCC patients after LT, we aimed to identify different transplantation criteria and risk factors related to tumor recurrence and evaluate the effect of preventive chemotherapy in a single center.

Methods: In total, data on 20 variables and the survival of 199 patients with primary HCC who underwent LT between 2005 and 2015 were included for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hbpd.2020.06.008DOI Listing

Moxibustion with deferasirox results in safe, accelerated, and sustained cardiac iron chelation for a young Diamond Blackfan Anemia patient: An integrative case report.

Explore (NY) 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Chiyu Center, 201 Coffman St., PO Box 605, Longmont, Colorado 80501, United States; Kansas City VA Medical Center, 4801 Linwood Blvd., Kansas City, MO 64128, United States; 933 McGee St., Unit 326, Kansas City, MO 64106, United States. Electronic address:

Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a rare blood disorder of bone marrow failure typically identified in the first year of life. Due to treatment limitations, nearly all DBA patients are reliant upon chronic red cell infusion for some period of their lives. Repeat blood transfusion invariably leads to iron overload, which creates significant and life-threatening side effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2020.05.011DOI Listing
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