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    Bone Ring Augmentation Around Immediate Implants: A Clinical and Radiographic Study.
    Ann Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan-Jun;7(1):92-97
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of bone ring augmentation technique for three-dimensional augmentation of severely defective sockets along with placement of immediate dental implants.

    Materials And Methods: A clinical study was conducted on 14 patients with 15 defective sockets requiring extractions and immediate implant placement. Following extraction, bone ring with an implant osteotomy, harvested from chin, was sculptured and fitted into the extraction socket. Read More

    Five year results of the prospective randomized controlled prostatic urethral L.I.F.T. study.
    Can J Urol 2017 Jun;24(3):8802-8813
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.
    Introduction: To report the five year results of a prospective, multi-center, randomized, blinded sham control trial of the Prostatic Urethral Lift (PUL) in men with bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

    Materials And Methods: At 19 centers in North America and Australia, 206 subjects ≥ 50 years old with International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS ) > 12, peak flow rate (Qmax) ≤ 12 mL/s, and prostate volume 30 cc-80 cc were randomized 2:1 to the PUL procedure or blinded sham control. In PUL permanent UroLift implants are placed to hold open the lateral lobes of the prostate to reduce urinary obstruction. Read More

    Effects of Combining Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 and Platelet-derived Growth Factor on Osteogenesis around 
Dental Implants.
    Chin J Dent Res 2017 ;20(2):105-109
    Objective: To explore the effects of the combination of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on bone formation around dental implants.

    Methods: A total of 24 adult rabbits were included in this experiment. Titanium machine-polished dental implants were placed in the iliac bones to simulate dental implants in the alveolar bone. Read More

    Cheek and Chin Implants to Enhance Facelift Results.
    Facial Plast Surg 2017 Jun 1;33(3):279-284. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, 6655 Travis Street, Suite 900, Houston, Texas.
    The traditional rhytidectomy addresses facial and neck aging as it relates to soft tissue laxity. The modern volumetric facelift provides optimal results by addressing not only skin laxity but also the loss of volume secondary to tissue atrophy and bony resorption. While multiple techniques including fat grafting, dermal fillers, and tissue resuspension are used to correct the tissue loss, alloplastic midface augmentation remains the most permanent method. Read More

    Increasing the accuracy of mandibular reconstruction with free fibula flaps using functionalized selective laser-melted patient-specific implants: A retrospective multicenter analysis.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2017 Aug 19;45(8):1212-1219. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Germany.
    In this study, selective laser melted patient specific functional implants (PSFI) were utilised in combination with a fibula free flap, for mandible reconstruction. The shape and length of the PSFI, the shaping of fibula graft, its angulation and the length of the screws, were virtually planned before the surgery. Information, such as resection margin and screw lengths, were coded on the implant. Read More

    Ipsilateral proximal and shaft femoral fractures.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Jun 19;20(3):155-157. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Surgery, Cotonou Teaching Hospital, Jericho Cotonou, Benin.
    Purpose: To study the management and evaluate anatomical and functional outcomes of patients with ipsilateral proximal and shaft femoral fractures.

    Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and analytic study lasted for ten years and a half ranging from January 1, 2005 to June 30, 2015. The following parameters were studied: epidemiology, fracture characteristics, therapeutic, anatomical and functional outcomes. Read More

    In vitro study of electrodeposited fluoridated hydroxyapatite coating on G-II titanium with a nanostructured TiO2 interlayer.
    Biomed Mater 2017 Apr 4;12(2):025018. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 411, Taiwan.
    Titanium and its alloys have been widely used as orthopedic and dental implants for several decades due to their superior mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Recently, many researches revealed that the hydroxyapatite coatings on biomedical materials can further improve their biocompatibility and bioactivity. However, hydroxyapatite coatings are easily decomposed, weakening the bonding between implants and bone tissues and resulting in a high dissolution rate in the biological environment. Read More

    Two-Armed Activation of Bone Mineral Deposition by the Flavones Baicalin and Baicalein, Encapsulated in Polyphosphate Microparticles.
    Am J Chin Med 2017 2;45(3):533-555. Epub 2017 Apr 2.
    * ERC Advanced Investigator Grant Research Group at the Institute for Physiological Chemistry, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, D-55128 Mainz, Germany.
    In this study, we investigated the effect of the two flavonoids, baicalin (baicalein 7-O-[Formula: see text]- d-glucuronic acid) and its aglycone, baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone), after encapsulation into amorphous calcium polyphosphate (Ca-polyP) microparticles on mineralization of primary human osteoblasts (phOSB). Both flavonoids, which come from root extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and are nontoxic in cells up to a concentration of 3[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]g/ml. The morphogenetically active, energy-rich Ca-polyP particles with a stoichiometric P:Ca ratio of 1:2 are degraded by cellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to ortho-phosphate used for bone hydroxyapatite formation. Read More

    Management of Esophageal and Pharyngeal Perforation as Complications of Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Jun 9;102:275-283. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
    Objective: To describe our experience in treating esophageal and pharyngeal perforation after anterior cervical spine surgery.

    Methods: Six patients with esophageal injury and one patient with pharyngeal injury after anterior cervical spinal surgery, managed at our department between 2000 and 2015, were analyzed retrospectively.

    Results: During the study period, 7 patients (6 male and 1 female; mean age, 45 years) presented with esophageal perforation. Read More

    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Quadripolar Versus Bipolar Left Ventricular Leads for Cardiac Resynchronization Defibrillator Therapy in a Large, Multicenter UK Registry.
    JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2017 Feb;3(2):107-116
    Imaging Sciences & Biomedical Engineering, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Cardiology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of quadripolar versus bipolar cardiac resynchronization defibrillator therapy systems.

    Background: Quadripolar left ventricular (LV) leads for cardiac resynchronization therapy reduce phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) and are associated with reduced mortality compared with bipolar leads.

    Methods: A total of 606 patients received implants at 3 UK centers (319 Q, 287 B), between 2009 and 2014; mean follow-up was 879 days. Read More

    Improvement of Implant Placement after Bone Augmentation of Severely Resorbed Maxillary Sinuses with 'Tent-Pole' Grafting Technique in Combination with rhBMP-2.
    Chin J Dent Res 2017;20(1):9-17
    Objective: To study the clinical effect of short implant placement using osteotome sinus floor elevation technique and tent-pole grafting technique with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) in severely resorbed maxillary area.

    Methods: Eleven patients with insufficient bone height in the posterior maxillary area were included. According to the native bone height and crown height space (CHS), the patients were divided into two groups: immediate placement of short implants with simultaneous bone augmentation (group A, 5 patients) and delayed dental implant placement (4 to 6 months) after bone augmentation. Read More

    Histomorhological and clinical evaluation of maxillary alveolar ridge reconstruction after craniofacial trauma by applying combination of allogeneic and autogenous bone graft.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Feb 20;20(1):14-17. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, Messina University, AOU Policlinico "G. Martino", Via C. Valeria 98100 Messina, Italy. Electronic address:
    A variety of techniques and materials for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of traumatized maxillary ridges prior to dental implants placement have been described in literature. Autogenous bone grafting is considered ideal by many researchers and it still remains the most predictable and documented method. The aim of this report is to underline the effectiveness of using allogeneic bone graft for managing maxillofacial trauma. Read More

    The use of virtual surgical planning and navigation in the treatment of orbital trauma.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Feb 21;20(1):9-13. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Odontostomatologic Surgery, University of Milan, Milan 20122, Italy.
    Virtual surgical planning (VSP) has recently been introduced in craniomaxillofacial surgery with the goal of improving efficiency and precision for complex surgical operations. Among many indications, VSP can also be applied for the treatment of congenital and acquired craniofacial defects, including orbital fractures. VSP permits the surgeon to visualize the complex anatomy of craniofacial region, showing the relationship between bone and neurovascular structures. Read More

    Efficacy of the Intravitreal Sustained-Release Dexamethasone Implant for Diabetic Macular Edema Refractory to Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy: Meta-Analysis and Clinical Implications.
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2017 Feb;48(2):160-166
    Background And Objective: To assess the effect on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and efficacy of the intravitreal sustained-release 0.7 mg dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex; Allergan, Irvine, CA) in patients with recalcitrant diabetic macular edema (DME).

    Patients And Methods: Meta-analysis utilizing the MOOSE framework and a random effects model. Read More

    The Influences of Different Ratios of Biphasic Calcium Phosphate and Collagen Augmentation on Posterior Lumbar Spinal Fusion in Rat Model.
    Yonsei Med J 2017 Mar;58(2):407-414
    Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To determine the influence of different ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA)/beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and collagen augmentation for posterior lumbar fusion in a rat model.

    Materials And Methods: We generated a posterior lumbar fusion model in 50 rats and divided it into five groups of equal number as follows; 1) autologous bone graft as group A, 2) 70% HA+30% β-TCP as group B, 3) 70% HA+30% β-TCP+collagen as group C, 4) 30% HA+70% β-TCP as group D, and 5) 30% HA+70% β-TCP+collagen as group E. Rats were euthanized at 12 weeks after surgery and fusion was assessed by manual palpation, quantitative analysis using microCT and histology. Read More

    Chin Symphysis Bone, Allograft, and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: Is the Combination Effective in Repair of Alveolar Cleft?
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 May 26;75(5):1026-1035. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Associate Professor, Torabinejad Dental Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
    Purpose: Secondary grafting of alveolar defects with iliac crest bone is a common treatment method in cleft patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of symphysis bone, allograft, and platelet-rich fibrin in regeneration of alveolar defects compared with iliac bone graft.

    Materials And Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients with unilateral alveolar defects were divided randomly into two categories. Read More

    Long-standing chin-augmenting costochondral graft creating a diagnostic challenge: A case report and literature review.
    Imaging Sci Dent 2016 Dec 20;46(4):279-284. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    To our knowledge, the imaging features of costochondral grafts (CCGs) on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) have not been documented in the literature. We present the case of a CCG in the facial soft tissue to the anterior mandible, with changes mimicking a cartilaginous neoplasm. This is the first report to describe the CBCT imaging features of a long-standing graft in the anterior mandible. Read More

    Bone resorption under chin implants: The orthodontist's role in its diagnosis and management.
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017 Jan;151(1):201-208
    Private practice, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Post-Graduate Program, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan; consultant, San Jorge Children's Hospital/Plastic and Reconstructive Institute, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Electronic address:
    Alloplastic chin implants have been a valuable treatment modality for the correction of microgenia. Their use has provided satisfactory esthetic results by improving facial balance. However, bone resorption under these implants can occur. Read More

    Porous Polyethylene Implant as Aesthetic Complement in Orthognathic Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):e790-e791
    *Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Diagnosis and Surgery†Department of Orthodontics, Dental School at Araraquara-Unesp, Araraquara, Brazil.
    Porous polyethylene implants have been used as an alternative in the treatment of patients with zygomatic and paranasal projections deficiency. These implants promote a facial rejuvenating effect due to the attenuation of the nasal and chin prominences. The advantages of porous polyethylene include biocompatibility, dimensional stability, easy adaptation and fixation, low complication rate, and its availability in different sizes and shapes. Read More

    24-month durability after crossover to the prostatic urethral lift from randomised, blinded sham.
    BJU Int 2016 Oct;118 Suppl 3:14-22
    Austin Health, Heidelberg, Vic., Australia.
    Objective: To evaluate the 24-month effectiveness of the prostatic urethral lift (PUL) procedure in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) assessed through a crossover study.

    Patients And Methods: In all, 53 patients underwent a sham procedure as part of the blinded, randomised L.I. Read More

    COMBINED VITRECTOMY AND INTRAVITREAL DEXAMETHASONE (OZURDEX) SUSTAINED-RELEASE IMPLANT.
    Retina 2016 Nov;36(11):2087-2092
    *The Bernard and Shirlee Brown Glaucoma Laboratory, Departments of Ophthalmology, Pathology and Cell Biology, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York; †Omics Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; ‡Vitreoretinal Service, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; §Retina Consultants of Southern California, Redlands, California; and ¶VitreoRetinal Surgery, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
    Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combining intravitreal dexamethasone implantation (Ozurdex) with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).

    Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on cases where Ozurdex injection was performed in the operating room in conjunction with pars plana vitrectomy. Our primary outcome measure was the presence of surgical complications in the perioperative and 3-month postoperative window. Read More

    Porous Polyethylene Implant as Aesthetic Complement in Orthognathic Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Oct 14. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    *Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Diagnosis and Surgery †Department of Orthodontics, Dental School at Araraquara-Unesp, Araraquara, Brazil.
    Porous polyethylene implants have been used as an alternative in the treatment of patients with zygomatic and paranasal projections deficiency. These implants promote a facial rejuvenating effect due to the attenuation of the nasal and chin prominences. The advantages of porous polyethylene include biocompatibility, dimensional stability, easy adaptation and fixation, low complication rate, and its availability in different sizes and shapes. Read More

    [Correction of congenital malformations by custom-made silicone implants: Contribution of computer-aided design. Experience of 611 cases].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2016 Oct 1;61(5):694-702. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice, CHU de Toulouse Rangueil, 1, avenue Jean-Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
    Introduction: Modern techniques of computer-aided design and tridimensional prototyping for manufacturing silicone elastomer custom implants are growing. They have widely modified the surgical indications in our unit.

    Materials And Methods: By presenting their experience of 611 cases managed between 1993 and 2016, the authors describe the method of conception from CT-scans, the virtual image of the body and the manufacture of the custom-made implant perfectly adapted to the anatomy of each one. Read More

    Minimally Invasive Cochlear Implantation Assisted by Bi-planar Device: An Exploratory Feasibility Study in vitro.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2016 10;129(20):2476-2483
    Department of Otorhinolarygology - Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.
    Background: A single drilled tunnel from the lateral mastoid cortex to the cochlea via the facial recess is essential for minimally invasive cochlear implant surgery. This study aimed to explore the safety profile of this kind of new image-guided and bi-planar device-assisted surgery procedure in vitro.

    Methods: Image-guided minimally invasive cochlear implantations were performed on eight cadaveric temporal bone specimens. Read More

    Avoiding Errors in the Management of Pediatric Polytrauma Patients.
    Instr Course Lect 2016 Feb;65:345-352
    Orthopaedic Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Read More

    Solid Implants in Facial Plastic Surgery: Potential Complications and How to Prevent Them.
    Facial Plast Surg 2016 Oct 28;32(5):520-31. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
    Allogenic implants are an effective alternative to autologous grafts in the reconstruction of facial defects. These implants are used to reconstruct a variety of bony and soft-tissue defects, including the frontal and temporal regions; internal orbit; infraorbital rim; malar, paranasal, and nasal regions; mandible; and chin. In comparison to their autologous counterparts, alloplastic materials are more readily available, lack donor-site morbidity, decrease surgical time and cost, and still have relatively good postoperative tissue tolerance. Read More

    Clinical Outcomes With Midline Cortical Bone Trajectory Pedicle Screws Versus Traditional Pedicle Screws in Moving Lumbar Fusions From Hospitals to Outpatient Surgery Centers.
    Clin Spine Surg 2017 Jul;30(6):E791-E797
    *Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University †Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University, Miami ‡Less Exposure Surgery Specialists Institute (LESS Institute) §Less Exposure Surgery (LES) Society, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
    Study Design: Level III.

    Objective: To report on the outcomes of midline cortical bone trajectory (CBT) pedicle screw surgical technique for posterior lumbar fixation in the outpatient surgery center (OSC) compared with traditional pedicle screws in the hospital.

    Summary Of Background Data: Traditional pedicle screws have been the gold standard for posterior lumbar fusion. Read More

    Incidence and predictors of radial nerve palsy with the anterolateral brachialis splitting approach to the humeral shaft.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Aug;19(4):217-20
    Department of Orthopaedics Unit 1, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Purpose: Fractures of the humeral shaft are common and account for 3%-5% of all orthopedic injuries. This study aims to estimate the incidence of radial nerve palsy and its outcome when the anterior approach is employed and to analyze the predictive factors.

    Methods: The study was performed in the department of orthopaedics unit of a tertiary care trauma referral center. Read More

    Comparative study of multiple cancellous screws versus sliding hip screws in femoral neck fractures of young adults.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Aug;19(4):209-12
    Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi 110001, India.
    Purpose: Both cannulated cancellous screw (CCS) and sliding hip screw (SHS) are used in femoral neck fracture fixations, but which is superior is yet to be determined. This study was aimed to compare the clinicoradiological outcome of femoral neck fracture treated with SHS or CCS in young adults.

    Methods: Adults (16e60 years) with femoral neck fracture were divided into Group 1 fixed with SHS and Group 2 fixed with three CCS after closed reduction. Read More

    Inserting the Ulnar Prosthesis into Radius as a Novel Salvage Surgery for Revision Total Elbow Arthroplasty with Massive Bone Defect.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2016 Aug;129(16):1917-21
    Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.
    Background: Infection and aseptic loosening are common complications of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and often require revision surgery. However, bone defects, along with other complications, bring an extra difficulty to the second surgery, especially for patients with a massive bone defect in the proximal ulna. Several methods including allograft or autograft have been introduced into practice, but none sufficiently solves these problems. Read More

    Lateral Ridge Augmentation Using Autogenous Block Grafts and Guided Bone Regeneration: A 10-Year Prospective Case Series Study.
    Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2017 Feb 31;19(1):85-96. Epub 2016 Jul 31.
    Professor, Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Background: The use of autogenous block grafts harvested from intraoral donor sites has proven to be effective for the reconstruction of horizontal bone defects.

    Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze implant success and the rate of block graft resorption 10 years after ridge augmentation to elucidate contributing factors influencing graft maintenance.

    Materials And Methods: A staged horizontal block graft augmentation was performed in 52 implant sites exhibiting severe horizontal bone atrophy using autogenous block grafts protected by DBBM and collagen membranes. Read More

    ExPRESS miniature glaucoma shunt for intractable secondary glaucoma in superior vena cava syndrome - a case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Jul 26;16:125. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung. 222 Mai-Chin Rd, Keelung, 204, Taiwan, Republic of China.
    Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the pathogenic mechanism and to evaluate an intervention for intractable secondary glaucoma in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome.

    Case Presentation: A 66-year-old female with underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and end-stage renal disease complained of bilateral puffy eyelids for 3 months. Over three years, the patient experienced a progressive, marked face and neck swelling, which was accompanied by dyspnoea and nocturnal coughing. Read More

    Relationship Between Oral Perception and Habitual Chewing Side for Bare Bone Graft With Dental Implants After Mandibular Reconstruction.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jul;27(5):1263-6
    *Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery†Department of Plastic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, Japan.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between habitual chewing side and perception of the oral mucosa following reconstruction with dental implants.

    Study Design: Five patients comprised 2 males and 3 females, with ameloblastoma in 2 patients, odontogenic myxoma in 2 patients, and oral squamous cell carcinoma in 1 patient. They were treated using mandibular reconstruction with bare bone graft after segmental resection of the mandible. Read More

    Fixation of complex proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients with a locking plate: A retrospective analysis of radiographic and clinical outcome and complications.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Jun;19(3):156-9
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, CTO Hospital "A Alesini", Roma 00185, Italy.
    Purpose: The optimal surgical treatment of displaced type B and C fractures of the proximal humerus in the elderly remains controversial. Good clinical results have been reported by plating these fractures as well as a high rate of complications. Our retrospective study aims to evaluate clinical recovery and complications using the S3 locking plate in elderly patients. Read More

    Results of prosthetic rehabilitation on managing transtibial vascular amputation with silicone liner after wound closure.
    J Int Med Res 2016 Aug 25;44(4):957-67. Epub 2016 May 25.
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hyogo Rehabilitation Centre, Kobe, Japan Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo Rehabilitation Centre, Kobe, Japan.
    Objective: To investigate the effect of a standardized silicone liner programme on the duration of prosthetic rehabilitation in patients who underwent transtibial amputation as a result of peripheral arterial disease.

    Methods: This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent transtibial amputation followed by one of two stump management programmes at the same rehabilitation centre over a period of 14 years. The study compared the duration of rehabilitation following a standardized silicone liner programme compared with that following a conventional soft dressing programme. Read More

    Mandibular incisive canal in Han Chinese using cone beam computed tomography.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Sep 12;45(9):1142-6. Epub 2016 May 12.
    Institute of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    The aim of this study was to provide reference information for implantology and chin bone harvesting in people of Han Chinese ethnicity by studying the mandibular incisive canal (MIC) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Fifty subjects were included in the study. CBCT scans were obtained for all subjects, and 22 also underwent panoramic radiography to evaluate the visibility of the MIC. Read More

    [Clinical outcomes of early repair for open orbital fracture].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2016 Apr;52(4):273-7
    Department of Ophthalmology, the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China.
    Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes following early repair for orbital fracture and soft tissue simultaneously for open orbital fractures.

    Methods: Retrospective clinical study. This study comprised of 19 patients(20 eyes) with open orbital fracture who underwent surgery within 48 hours in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University between August 2011 and August 2014. Read More

    Avoiding Errors in the Management of Pediatric Polytrauma Patients.
    Instr Course Lect 2016 ;65:345-52
    Orthopaedic Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Read More

    Neurophysiological changes associated with implant placement.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2017 May 22;28(5):576-581. Epub 2016 Mar 22.
    Department of Oral Surgery, University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
    Objectives: The objective of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) protocol extra- and intraoral in patients to detect and quantify sensory disturbances of the inferior alveolar nerve due to the proximity of implantation procedures to the inferior alveolar nerve canal.

    Material And Methods: Patients who had obtained an implant placement were examined by implementing a comprehensive QST protocol for extra- and intraoral use. The study included 33 patients after implant placement in the lower jaw and one patient suffering from an inferior alveolar nerve injury. Read More

    An implantable compound-releasing capsule triggered on demand by ultrasound.
    Sci Rep 2016 Mar 11;6:22803. Epub 2016 Mar 11.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, 351 Engineering Terrace, 1210 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, United States.
    Implantable devices have a large potential to improve human health, but they are often made of biofouling materials that necessitate special coatings, rely on electrical connections for external communication, and require a continuous power source. This paper demonstrates an alternative platform, which we call iTAG (implantable thermally actuated gel), where an implanted capsule can be wirelessly controlled by ultrasound to trigger the release of compounds. We constructed a millimeter-sized capsule containing a co-polymer gel (NiPAAm-co-AAm) that contracts above body temperature (i. Read More

    Alloplastic Augmentation of the Asian Face: A Review of 215 Patients.
    Aesthet Surg J 2016 Sep 1;36(8):861-8. Epub 2016 Mar 1.
    From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital - Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY.
    Background: Asian aesthetic surgery has become increasingly popular over the last decade, especially augmentation of characteristically flattened facial features. Alloplastic implants are an option for facial augmentation, however many avoid their use due to concerns for morbidity associated with their use.

    Objectives: To validate our hypothesis that when used properly, alloplastic implants have a low complication profile and provides excellent aesthetic results. Read More

    Single implants in the aesthetic region preceded by local ridge augmentation; a 10-year randomized controlled trial.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2017 Apr 26;28(4):388-395. Epub 2016 Feb 26.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Objectives: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the 10-year effects of three different augmentation techniques (augmentation with chin bone, augmentation with chin bone plus a membrane and augmentation with a bone substitute plus a membrane) for implant-supported restorations in the maxillary aesthetic region regarding clinical and radiographic parameters, and patient-centred outcomes.

    Materials And Methods: Ninety-three patients requesting single tooth replacement and presenting with a horizontal bone deficiency were included. After augmentation, 93 implants were placed. Read More

    Treatment options for unstable trochanteric fractures: Screw or helical proxima femoral nail.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(6):342-6
    Department of Orthopaedics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, HIHT University, Jollygrant, Dehradun 248140, India.
    Purpose: To compare treatment outcome of screw proximal femoral nail (PFN) system with that of a helical PFN.

    Methods: The study included 77 patients with closed unstable intertrochanteric fracture classified as AO 31A2&31A3, between June 2008 to August 2011. Inclusion criteria were: all mature skeletons above 50 years of age; closed unstable trochanteric fracture classified as AO 31A2&A3. Read More

    The use of piezoelectric surgery to lateralize the inferior alveolar nerve with simultaneous implant placement and immediate buccal cortical bone repositioning: a prospective clinical study.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Jul 17;45(7):851-7. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    Department of Periodontology, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
    A prospective study was conducted to assess a variation of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lateralization. This study included 13 patients. An osteotomy was made with a piezoelectric device, and the IAN bundle was moved buccally. Read More

    Contralateral reversed distal femoral locking plate for fixation of subtrochanteric femoral fractures.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(5):279-83
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pt BD Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    Purpose: Subtrochanteric fractures of the femur are being managed successfully with various intramedullary and extramedulary implants with reasonable success. However, these implants require precise placement under image intensifier guidance, which exposes the surgeon to substantial amount of radiation. It also restricts the management of these fractures at peripheral centers where facility of image intensifiers is not available. Read More

    Dislocation of a constrained total knee arthroplasty with patellar tendon rupture after trivial trauma.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(4):241-4
    Orthopedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar Mathura Road, New Delhi 110076, India.
    Constrained total knee prostheses are used in knees with severe deformities and insufficiency of collaterals to provide stable and mobile knees. Dislocation after constrained knee prosthesis is an extremely rare and dreaded complication. When dislocation is associated with patellar tendon rupture, the management includes restoration of the extensor apparatus along with a stable knee. Read More

    Volumetric analysis of chin and mandibular retromolar region as donor sites for cortico-cancellous bone blocks.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2016 Aug 8;27(8):999-1004. Epub 2016 Jan 8.
    Clinic of Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Aim: To test whether the mandibular retromolar region renders different results from the chin region with respect to the amount of bone available for the harvesting of block grafts.

    Material And Methods: Sixty cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of mandibles of adult patients without pathologic findings in the chin and retromolar region were included. According to the number of mandibular teeth, 20 CBCT data sets were allocated to each of the following groups: group M1: dentition 36-46; group M2: dentition 37-47; and group M3: dentition 38-48. Read More

    Dissociations of the Fluocinolone Acetonide Implant: The Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial and Follow-up Study.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2016 Apr 31;164:29-36. Epub 2015 Dec 31.
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Departments of Ophthalmology and Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To describe fluocinolone acetonide implant dissociations in the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial.

    Design: Randomized clinical trial with extended follow-up.

    Methods: Review of data collected on the first implant in the eye(s) of participants. Read More

    Strategic camouflage treatment of skeletal Class III malocclusion (mandibular prognathism) using bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion and mandibular anterior subapical osteotomy.
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016 Jan;149(1):114-26
    Clinical professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Orofacial Science, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif.
    This case report presents the camouflage treatment that successfully improved the facial profile of a patient with a skeletal Class III malocclusion using bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion and mandibular anterior subapical osteotomy. The patient was an 18-year-old woman with chief complaints of crooked teeth and a protruded jaw. Camouflage treatment was chosen because she rejected orthognathic surgery under general anesthesia. Read More

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