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    Histomorhological and clinical evaluation of maxillary alveolar ridge reconstruction after craniofacial trauma by applying combination of allogeneic and autogenous bone graft.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Jan 20. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, Messina University, AOU Policlinico "G. Martino", Via C. Valeria 98100 Messina, Italy. Electronic address:
    A variety of techniques and materials for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of traumatized maxillary ridges prior to dental implants placement have been described in literature. Autogenous bone grafting is considered ideal by many researchers and it still remains the most predictable and documented method. The aim of this report is to underline the effectiveness of using allogeneic bone graft for managing maxillofacial trauma. Read More

    The use of virtual surgical planning and navigation in the treatment of orbital trauma.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Jan 21. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Odontostomatologic Surgery, University of Milan, Milan 20122, Italy.
    Virtual surgical planning (VSP) has recently been introduced in craniomaxillofacial surgery with the goal of improving efficiency and precision for complex surgical operations. Among many indications, VSP can also be applied for the treatment of congenital and acquired craniofacial defects, including orbital fractures. VSP permits the surgeon to visualize the complex anatomy of craniofacial region, showing the relationship between bone and neurovascular structures. Read More

    The Influences of Different Ratios of Biphasic Calcium Phosphate and Collagen Augmentation on Posterior Lumbar Spinal Fusion in Rat Model.
    Yonsei Med J 2017 Mar;58(2):407-414
    Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To determine the influence of different ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA)/beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and collagen augmentation for posterior lumbar fusion in a rat model.

    Materials And Methods: We generated a posterior lumbar fusion model in 50 rats and divided it into five groups of equal number as follows; 1) autologous bone graft as group A, 2) 70% HA+30% β-TCP as group B, 3) 70% HA+30% β-TCP+collagen as group C, 4) 30% HA+70% β-TCP as group D, and 5) 30% HA+70% β-TCP+collagen as group E. Rats were euthanized at 12 weeks after surgery and fusion was assessed by manual palpation, quantitative analysis using microCT and histology. Read More

    Chin Symphysis Bone, Allograft, and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: Is the Combination Effective in Repair of Alveolar Cleft?
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Dec 26. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Associate Professor, Torabinejad Dental Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
    Purpose: Secondary grafting of alveolar defects with iliac crest bone is a common treatment method in cleft patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of symphysis bone, allograft, and platelet-rich fibrin in regeneration of alveolar defects compared with iliac bone graft.

    Materials And Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients with unilateral alveolar defects were divided randomly into two categories. Read More

    Long-standing chin-augmenting costochondral graft creating a diagnostic challenge: A case report and literature review.
    Imaging Sci Dent 2016 Dec 20;46(4):279-284. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    To our knowledge, the imaging features of costochondral grafts (CCGs) on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) have not been documented in the literature. We present the case of a CCG in the facial soft tissue to the anterior mandible, with changes mimicking a cartilaginous neoplasm. This is the first report to describe the CBCT imaging features of a long-standing graft in the anterior mandible. Read More

    Bone resorption under chin implants: The orthodontist's role in its diagnosis and management.
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017 Jan;151(1):201-208
    Private practice, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Post-Graduate Program, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan; consultant, San Jorge Children's Hospital/Plastic and Reconstructive Institute, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Electronic address:
    Alloplastic chin implants have been a valuable treatment modality for the correction of microgenia. Their use has provided satisfactory esthetic results by improving facial balance. However, bone resorption under these implants can occur. Read More

    Porous Polyethylene Implant as Aesthetic Complement in Orthognathic Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):e790-e791
    *Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Diagnosis and Surgery†Department of Orthodontics, Dental School at Araraquara-Unesp, Araraquara, Brazil.
    Porous polyethylene implants have been used as an alternative in the treatment of patients with zygomatic and paranasal projections deficiency. These implants promote a facial rejuvenating effect due to the attenuation of the nasal and chin prominences. The advantages of porous polyethylene include biocompatibility, dimensional stability, easy adaptation and fixation, low complication rate, and its availability in different sizes and shapes. Read More

    24-month durability after crossover to the prostatic urethral lift from randomised, blinded sham.
    BJU Int 2016 Oct;118 Suppl 3:14-22
    Austin Health, Heidelberg, Vic., Australia.
    Objective: To evaluate the 24-month effectiveness of the prostatic urethral lift (PUL) procedure in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) assessed through a crossover study.

    Patients And Methods: In all, 53 patients underwent a sham procedure as part of the blinded, randomised L.I. Read More

    Porous Polyethylene Implant as Aesthetic Complement in Orthognathic Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Oct 14. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    *Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Diagnosis and Surgery †Department of Orthodontics, Dental School at Araraquara-Unesp, Araraquara, Brazil.
    Porous polyethylene implants have been used as an alternative in the treatment of patients with zygomatic and paranasal projections deficiency. These implants promote a facial rejuvenating effect due to the attenuation of the nasal and chin prominences. The advantages of porous polyethylene include biocompatibility, dimensional stability, easy adaptation and fixation, low complication rate, and its availability in different sizes and shapes. Read More

    [Correction of congenital malformations by custom-made silicone implants: Contribution of computer-aided design. Experience of 611 cases].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2016 Oct 1;61(5):694-702. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice, CHU de Toulouse Rangueil, 1, avenue Jean-Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
    Introduction: Modern techniques of computer-aided design and tridimensional prototyping for manufacturing silicone elastomer custom implants are growing. They have widely modified the surgical indications in our unit.

    Materials And Methods: By presenting their experience of 611 cases managed between 1993 and 2016, the authors describe the method of conception from CT-scans, the virtual image of the body and the manufacture of the custom-made implant perfectly adapted to the anatomy of each one. Read More

    Avoiding Errors in the Management of Pediatric Polytrauma Patients.
    Instr Course Lect 2016 Feb;65:345-352
    Orthopaedic Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Read More

    Solid Implants in Facial Plastic Surgery: Potential Complications and How to Prevent Them.
    Facial Plast Surg 2016 Oct 28;32(5):520-31. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
    Allogenic implants are an effective alternative to autologous grafts in the reconstruction of facial defects. These implants are used to reconstruct a variety of bony and soft-tissue defects, including the frontal and temporal regions; internal orbit; infraorbital rim; malar, paranasal, and nasal regions; mandible; and chin. In comparison to their autologous counterparts, alloplastic materials are more readily available, lack donor-site morbidity, decrease surgical time and cost, and still have relatively good postoperative tissue tolerance. Read More

    Clinical Outcomes With Midline Cortical Bone Trajectory Pedicle Screws Versus Traditional Pedicle Screws in Moving Lumbar Fusions From Hospitals to Outpatient Surgery Centers.
    Clin Spine Surg 2016 Sep 16. Epub 2016 Sep 16.
    *Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University †Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University, Miami ‡Less Exposure Surgery Specialists Institute (LESS Institute) §Less Exposure Surgery (LES) Society, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
    Study Design: Level III.

    Objective: To report on the outcomes of midline cortical bone trajectory (CBT) pedicle screw surgical technique for posterior lumbar fixation in the outpatient surgery center (OSC) compared with traditional pedicle screws in the hospital.

    Summary Of Background Data: Traditional pedicle screws have been the gold standard for posterior lumbar fusion. Read More

    Incidence and predictors of radial nerve palsy with the anterolateral brachialis splitting approach to the humeral shaft.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Aug;19(4):217-20
    Department of Orthopaedics Unit 1, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Purpose: Fractures of the humeral shaft are common and account for 3%-5% of all orthopedic injuries. This study aims to estimate the incidence of radial nerve palsy and its outcome when the anterior approach is employed and to analyze the predictive factors.

    Methods: The study was performed in the department of orthopaedics unit of a tertiary care trauma referral center. Read More

    Comparative study of multiple cancellous screws versus sliding hip screws in femoral neck fractures of young adults.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Aug;19(4):209-12
    Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi 110001, India.
    Purpose: Both cannulated cancellous screw (CCS) and sliding hip screw (SHS) are used in femoral neck fracture fixations, but which is superior is yet to be determined. This study was aimed to compare the clinicoradiological outcome of femoral neck fracture treated with SHS or CCS in young adults.

    Methods: Adults (16e60 years) with femoral neck fracture were divided into Group 1 fixed with SHS and Group 2 fixed with three CCS after closed reduction. Read More

    Lateral Ridge Augmentation Using Autogenous Block Grafts and Guided Bone Regeneration: A 10-Year Prospective Case Series Study.
    Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2017 Feb 31;19(1):85-96. Epub 2016 Jul 31.
    Professor, Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Background: The use of autogenous block grafts harvested from intraoral donor sites has proven to be effective for the reconstruction of horizontal bone defects.

    Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze implant success and the rate of block graft resorption 10 years after ridge augmentation to elucidate contributing factors influencing graft maintenance.

    Materials And Methods: A staged horizontal block graft augmentation was performed in 52 implant sites exhibiting severe horizontal bone atrophy using autogenous block grafts protected by DBBM and collagen membranes. Read More

    ExPRESS miniature glaucoma shunt for intractable secondary glaucoma in superior vena cava syndrome - a case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Jul 26;16:125. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung. 222 Mai-Chin Rd, Keelung, 204, Taiwan, Republic of China.
    Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the pathogenic mechanism and to evaluate an intervention for intractable secondary glaucoma in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome.

    Case Presentation: A 66-year-old female with underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and end-stage renal disease complained of bilateral puffy eyelids for 3 months. Over three years, the patient experienced a progressive, marked face and neck swelling, which was accompanied by dyspnoea and nocturnal coughing. Read More

    Relationship Between Oral Perception and Habitual Chewing Side for Bare Bone Graft With Dental Implants After Mandibular Reconstruction.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jul;27(5):1263-6
    *Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery†Department of Plastic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, Japan.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between habitual chewing side and perception of the oral mucosa following reconstruction with dental implants.

    Study Design: Five patients comprised 2 males and 3 females, with ameloblastoma in 2 patients, odontogenic myxoma in 2 patients, and oral squamous cell carcinoma in 1 patient. They were treated using mandibular reconstruction with bare bone graft after segmental resection of the mandible. Read More

    Fixation of complex proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients with a locking plate: A retrospective analysis of radiographic and clinical outcome and complications.
    Chin J Traumatol 2016 Jun;19(3):156-9
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, CTO Hospital "A Alesini", Roma 00185, Italy.
    Purpose: The optimal surgical treatment of displaced type B and C fractures of the proximal humerus in the elderly remains controversial. Good clinical results have been reported by plating these fractures as well as a high rate of complications. Our retrospective study aims to evaluate clinical recovery and complications using the S3 locking plate in elderly patients. Read More

    Mandibular incisive canal in Han Chinese using cone beam computed tomography.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Sep 12;45(9):1142-6. Epub 2016 May 12.
    Institute of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    The aim of this study was to provide reference information for implantology and chin bone harvesting in people of Han Chinese ethnicity by studying the mandibular incisive canal (MIC) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Fifty subjects were included in the study. CBCT scans were obtained for all subjects, and 22 also underwent panoramic radiography to evaluate the visibility of the MIC. Read More

    [Clinical outcomes of early repair for open orbital fracture].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2016 Apr;52(4):273-7
    Department of Ophthalmology, the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China.
    Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes following early repair for orbital fracture and soft tissue simultaneously for open orbital fractures.

    Methods: Retrospective clinical study. This study comprised of 19 patients(20 eyes) with open orbital fracture who underwent surgery within 48 hours in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University between August 2011 and August 2014. Read More

    Avoiding Errors in the Management of Pediatric Polytrauma Patients.
    Instr Course Lect 2016 ;65:345-52
    Orthopaedic Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Read More

    Neurophysiological changes associated with implant placement.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2016 Mar 22. Epub 2016 Mar 22.
    Department of Oral Surgery, University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
    Objectives: The objective of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) protocol extra- and intraoral in patients to detect and quantify sensory disturbances of the inferior alveolar nerve due to the proximity of implantation procedures to the inferior alveolar nerve canal.

    Material And Methods: Patients who had obtained an implant placement were examined by implementing a comprehensive QST protocol for extra- and intraoral use. The study included 33 patients after implant placement in the lower jaw and one patient suffering from an inferior alveolar nerve injury. Read More

    Alloplastic Augmentation of the Asian Face: A Review of 215 Patients.
    Aesthet Surg J 2016 Sep 1;36(8):861-8. Epub 2016 Mar 1.
    From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital - Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY.
    Background: Asian aesthetic surgery has become increasingly popular over the last decade, especially augmentation of characteristically flattened facial features. Alloplastic implants are an option for facial augmentation, however many avoid their use due to concerns for morbidity associated with their use.

    Objectives: To validate our hypothesis that when used properly, alloplastic implants have a low complication profile and provides excellent aesthetic results. Read More

    Single implants in the aesthetic region preceded by local ridge augmentation; a 10-year randomized controlled trial.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2016 Feb 26. Epub 2016 Feb 26.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Objectives: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the 10-year effects of three different augmentation techniques (augmentation with chin bone, augmentation with chin bone plus a membrane and augmentation with a bone substitute plus a membrane) for implant-supported restorations in the maxillary aesthetic region regarding clinical and radiographic parameters, and patient-centred outcomes.

    Materials And Methods: Ninety-three patients requesting single tooth replacement and presenting with a horizontal bone deficiency were included. After augmentation, 93 implants were placed. Read More

    Treatment options for unstable trochanteric fractures: Screw or helical proxima femoral nail.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(6):342-6
    Department of Orthopaedics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, HIHT University, Jollygrant, Dehradun 248140, India.
    Purpose: To compare treatment outcome of screw proximal femoral nail (PFN) system with that of a helical PFN.

    Methods: The study included 77 patients with closed unstable intertrochanteric fracture classified as AO 31A2&31A3, between June 2008 to August 2011. Inclusion criteria were: all mature skeletons above 50 years of age; closed unstable trochanteric fracture classified as AO 31A2&A3. Read More

    The use of piezoelectric surgery to lateralize the inferior alveolar nerve with simultaneous implant placement and immediate buccal cortical bone repositioning: a prospective clinical study.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Jul 17;45(7):851-7. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    Department of Periodontology, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
    A prospective study was conducted to assess a variation of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lateralization. This study included 13 patients. An osteotomy was made with a piezoelectric device, and the IAN bundle was moved buccally. Read More

    Contralateral reversed distal femoral locking plate for fixation of subtrochanteric femoral fractures.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(5):279-83
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pt BD Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    Purpose: Subtrochanteric fractures of the femur are being managed successfully with various intramedullary and extramedulary implants with reasonable success. However, these implants require precise placement under image intensifier guidance, which exposes the surgeon to substantial amount of radiation. It also restricts the management of these fractures at peripheral centers where facility of image intensifiers is not available. Read More

    Dislocation of a constrained total knee arthroplasty with patellar tendon rupture after trivial trauma.
    Chin J Traumatol 2015 ;18(4):241-4
    Orthopedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar Mathura Road, New Delhi 110076, India.
    Constrained total knee prostheses are used in knees with severe deformities and insufficiency of collaterals to provide stable and mobile knees. Dislocation after constrained knee prosthesis is an extremely rare and dreaded complication. When dislocation is associated with patellar tendon rupture, the management includes restoration of the extensor apparatus along with a stable knee. Read More

    Volumetric analysis of chin and mandibular retromolar region as donor sites for cortico-cancellous bone blocks.
    Clin Oral Implants Res 2016 Aug 8;27(8):999-1004. Epub 2016 Jan 8.
    Clinic of Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Aim: To test whether the mandibular retromolar region renders different results from the chin region with respect to the amount of bone available for the harvesting of block grafts.

    Material And Methods: Sixty cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of mandibles of adult patients without pathologic findings in the chin and retromolar region were included. According to the number of mandibular teeth, 20 CBCT data sets were allocated to each of the following groups: group M1: dentition 36-46; group M2: dentition 37-47; and group M3: dentition 38-48. Read More

    Dissociations of the Fluocinolone Acetonide Implant: The Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial and Follow-up Study.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2016 Apr 31;164:29-36. Epub 2015 Dec 31.
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Departments of Ophthalmology and Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To describe fluocinolone acetonide implant dissociations in the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial.

    Design: Randomized clinical trial with extended follow-up.

    Methods: Review of data collected on the first implant in the eye(s) of participants. Read More

    Strategic camouflage treatment of skeletal Class III malocclusion (mandibular prognathism) using bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion and mandibular anterior subapical osteotomy.
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016 Jan;149(1):114-26
    Clinical professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Orofacial Science, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif.
    This case report presents the camouflage treatment that successfully improved the facial profile of a patient with a skeletal Class III malocclusion using bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion and mandibular anterior subapical osteotomy. The patient was an 18-year-old woman with chief complaints of crooked teeth and a protruded jaw. Camouflage treatment was chosen because she rejected orthognathic surgery under general anesthesia. Read More

    A Simple and Reliable Method of Narrowing Genioplasty Using Biodegradable Screws.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jan;27(1):185-7
    Center for Maxillofacial Surgery, ID Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
    The T-osteotomy technique is widely performed to improve lower face aesthetics. During this narrowing genioplasty procedure, metal fixtures are required to rigidly fix the bone segments. Specifically, the use of biodegradable osteofixations has become a viable surgical option as more patients now have the desire to surreptitiously undergo aesthetic surgery. Read More

    Augmentation Genioplasty Using Double Folded Dermal Graft.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jan;27(1):209-13
    *Elle Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul †Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ilsan Hospital, Medical College of Dongguk University, Goyang, South Korea.
    Introduction: The chin is a very important aesthetic subunit of the face. The diverse materials and methods for chin augmentation can be classified according to autologous tissues and artificial ones. Among them, reports on the effectiveness of dermal graft for chin augmentation are scarce. Read More

    Simultaneous implant placement with ridge augmentation using an autogenous bone ring transplant.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Apr 28;45(4):535-44. Epub 2015 Nov 28.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    The severely defective socket, in which implant placement within the remaining bone will result in a significantly off-axis implant position, precludes immediate implant placement and requires bone grafting as an initial surgical intervention. The aims of this study were to evaluate autogenous chin bone ring consolidation after the augmentation of severely defective sockets and the clinical application of these rings in the premolar-molar region with simultaneous implant placement in a one-stage procedure. Ten patients with 12 defective sockets were included. Read More

    Chin Advancement, Augmentation, and Reduction as Adjuncts to Rhinoplasty.
    Clin Plast Surg 2016 Jan;43(1):295-306
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Bellvitge University Hospital, Feixa Llarga s/n, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona 08097, Spain.
    Chin deformities are commonly encountered defects in patients seeking rhinoplasty. Careful preoperative evaluation may identify patients who could benefit from concurrent augmentation or reduction mentoplasty. Alloplastic chin implants and sliding genioplasty represent the main accepted methods of chin augmentation. Read More

    Computer-aided design and computer-aided modeling (CAD/CAM) generated surgical splints, cutting guides and custom-made implants: Which indications in orthognathic surgery?
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale 2015 Dec 1;116(6):343-9. Epub 2015 Dec 1.
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, 1211 Genève, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The purpose of the present report was to describe our indications, results and complications of computer-aided design and computer-aided modeling CAD/CAM surgical splints, cutting guides and custom-made implants in orthognathic surgery.

    Patients And Methods: We analyzed the clinical and radiological data of ten consecutive patients with dentofacial deformities treated using a CAD/CAM technique. Four patients had surgical splints and cutting guides for correction of maxillomandibular asymmetries, three had surgical cutting guides and customized internal distractors for correction of severe maxillary deficiencies and three had custom-made implants for additional chin contouring and/or mandibular defects following bimaxillary osteotomies and sliding genioplasty. Read More

    [Anterior mandibular bone augmentation techniques. Literature review].
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale 2015 Dec 12;116(6):353-9. Epub 2015 Nov 12.
    Centre de soins dentaires, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, 44000 Nantes, France.
    Introduction: Mandibular edentation may lead to major symphyseal resorption making the placement of dental implants impossible. In this situation, bone augmentation techniques are available. The goal of our study was to make a review of the literature of the different techniques in use. Read More

    Accuracy of linear measurements using cone beam computed tomography and panoramic radiography in dental implant treatment planning.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2015 Nov-Dec;30(6):1287-94
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of linear measurements from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and digital panoramic radiographs at various implant sites.

    Materials And Methods: Fifty implant sites from six skulls were marked with gutta-percha and subjected to CBCT with five different voxel protocols: 0.125 mm, 0. Read More

    Dynamic Alterations in Microarchitecture, Mineralization and Mechanical Property of Subchondral Bone in Rat Medial Meniscal Tear Model of Osteoarthritis.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Nov;128(21):2879-86
    Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China.
    Background: The properties of subchondral bone influence the integrity of articular cartilage in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). However, the characteristics of subchondral bone alterations remain unresolved. The present study aimed to observe the dynamic alterations in the microarchitecture, mineralization, and mechanical properties of subchondral bone during the progression of OA. Read More

    Effect of Joint Line Elevation after Posterior-stabilized and Cruciate-retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty on Clinical Function and Kinematics.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Nov;128(21):2866-72
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Fourth Clinical College of Peking University, Beijing 100035, China.
    Background: Joint line (JL) is a very important factor for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to restore. The objective of this study was to evaluate the early clinical and kinematic results of TKAs with posterior-stabilized (PS) or cruciate retaining (CR) implants in which the JL was elevated postoperatively.

    Methods: Data were collected from patients who underwent TKA in our department between April 2011 and April 2014. Read More

    Surgical Fixation of Fourth and Fifth Metacarpal Shaft Fractures with Flexible Intramedullary Absorbable Rods: Early Clinical Outcomes and Implications.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Nov;128(21):2851-5
    Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.
    Background: To avoid the irritation of tendons and soft tissues as well as hardware-related problems, we designed an intramedullary fixation with bioabsorbable rods for the treatment of the metacarpal shaft fractures.

    Methods: Five patients with nine shaft fractures of the fourth and fifth metacarpi were treated with intramedullary absorbable implants and followed up with an average of 4.2 months postoperatively. Read More

    Comparison of Subgingival and Peri-implant Microbiome in Chronic Periodontitis.
    Chin J Dent Res 2015 Sep;18(3):155-62
    Objectives: To analyse the microbia composition of 10 healthy dental implants and 10 chronic periodontitis patients.

    Methods: Subgingival plaque and peri-implant biofilm were sampled at the first molar site before and after implant restoration. The analysis was conducted by 454-prosequencing of bacterial V1 to V3 regions of 16S rDNA. Read More

    Accessory mental foramina and nerves: Application to periodontal, periapical, and implant surgery.
    Clin Anat 2016 May 10;29(4):493-501. Epub 2015 Oct 10.
    Department of Anatomy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Recent studies investigating accessory mental foramina using developments in diagnostic imaging have primarily defined the morphology of the foramina; however, few studies have described the structures passing through them. Additional clinical knowledge of the foramina is therefore required for preoperative diagnosis prior to surgery, including implant, periodontal and periapical surgery. In this study, we investigated the accessory mental foramina and the associated nerves and arteries in donated cadaveric mandibles using anatomical and radiological observation methods. Read More

    Factors Predicting Visual Acuity Outcome in Intermediate, Posterior, and Panuveitis: The Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2015 Dec 18;160(6):1133-1141.e9. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
    Center for Clinical Trials, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Purpose: To identify factors associated with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) presentation and 2-year outcome in 479 intermediate, posterior, and panuveitic eyes.

    Design: Cohort study using randomized controlled trial data.

    Methods: Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial masked BCVA measurements at baseline and at 2 years follow-up used gold-standard methods. Read More

    The Impact of Radiation Therapy, Lymph Node Dissection, and Hormonal Therapy on Outcomes of Tissue Expander-Implant Exchange in Prosthetic Breast Reconstruction.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Jan;137(1):1-9
    San Francisco, Calif. From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center, Department of Surgery, and the Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco.
    Background: Total skin-sparing mastectomy, with preservation of the nipple-areola complex, must account for adjuvant medical and surgical treatments for cancer. The authors assessed risk factors for complications after second-stage tissue expander-implant exchange.

    Methods: The authors reviewed all institutional total skin-sparing mastectomy cases that had completed tissue expander-implant exchange with at least 3 months of follow-up. Read More

    Outcome of Treatment of Uveitic Macular Edema: The Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment Trial 2-Year Results.
    Ophthalmology 2015 Nov 7;122(11):2351-9. Epub 2015 Sep 7.
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Departments of Ophthalmology and Medicine, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To evaluate the 2-year outcomes of uveitic macular edema.

    Design: Longitudinal follow-up of a randomized cohort.

    Participants: At baseline, 148 eyes of 117 patients enrolled in the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial had macular edema, and 134 eyes of 108 patients completed 2-year follow-up. Read More

    Inferior alveolar nerve laceration after implant site preparation: A case report.
    Eur J Oral Implantol 2015 ;8(3):293-6
    Purpose: The aim of this article is to present a referred clinical case of an inferior alveolar nerve laceration during the insertion of a dental implant in the mandible, that came to our attention after the injury.

    Materials And Methods: A 71-year-old female was treated by a colleague in order to be rehabilitated with a fixed implant-supported prosthesis for her missing teeth in positions 44, 45 and 46. After implant site osteotomy in region 46, the speed of the surgical motor was not changed; as a consequence, the implant was inserted at 1200 rpm and intruded into the mandibular canal, causing the laceration of the neurovascular bundle. Read More

    Quality of Life and Risks Associated with Systemic Anti-inflammatory Therapy versus Fluocinolone Acetonide Intraocular Implant for Intermediate Uveitis, Posterior Uveitis, or Panuveitis: Fifty-four-Month Results of the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment Trial and Follow-up Study.
    • Authors:
    Ophthalmology 2015 Oct 19;122(10):1976-86. Epub 2015 Aug 19.
    Purpose: To evaluate the risks and quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes of fluocinolone acetonide implant versus systemic therapy with corticosteroid and immunosuppression when indicated for intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.

    Design: Additional follow-up of a randomized trial cohort.

    Participants: Two hundred fifty-five patients with intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis, randomized to implant or systemic therapy. Read More

    Benefits of Systemic Anti-inflammatory Therapy versus Fluocinolone Acetonide Intraocular Implant for Intermediate Uveitis, Posterior Uveitis, and Panuveitis: Fifty-four-Month Results of the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) Trial and Follow-up Study.
    Ophthalmology 2015 Oct 20;122(10):1967-75. Epub 2015 Aug 20.
    Purpose: To compare the benefits of fluocinolone acetonide implant therapy versus systemic corticosteroid therapy supplemented (when indicated) with immunosuppression for intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.

    Design: Additional follow-up of a randomized comparative effectiveness trial cohort.

    Participants: Two hundred fifty-five patients with intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis randomized to implant or systemic therapy. Read More

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