298 results match your criteria Children and Youth Services Review [Journal]


Understanding support network capacity during the transition from foster care: Youth-identified barriers, facilitators, and enhancement strategies.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2019 Jan 29;96:220-230. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Portland State University.

This study explores how foster care experiences can impact support network functionality as young people exit the foster care system. This can be conceptualized as a function of both network member capacity to provide adequate support to address young adult needs, and network stability, which reflects cohesion within and across relationships to facilitate consistent support over time. We conducted support network mapping and semi-structured interviews with youth in foster care aged 16-20 (N=22) and used theoretical thematic analysis to explore support barriers and facilitators in relation to the organizing concepts of support capacity and network stability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.11.049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370300PMC
January 2019

Relationship between Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Body Mass Index Trajectories.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Oct 20;93:196-202. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

This study examines the relationship between childhood maltreatment experiences and body mass index (BMI) over time. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we use latent profile analysis to create child maltreatment experience classes and latent growth modeling to understand how classes relate to BMI trajectories from adolescence to early adulthood. The best-fitting model suggests four child maltreatment experience classes: 1) (n=607); 2) (n=1,578); 3) (n=345); and 4) (n=4,188). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.07.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368259PMC
October 2018

Measurement and Correlates of Foster Care Placement Moves.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Aug 20;91:248-258. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Placement stability is a major priority in the foster care system. However, the measurement of placement stability and the reasons children move are complex issues that warrant considerable attention. In this study, we used a two-year Texas foster care entry cohort to examine the extent to which children experience "progress moves", such as moving to a sibling placement or to live with a relative, versus non-progress moves, such as moving due to risk of abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.06.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338419PMC

The impact of the low-income housing tax credit on children's health and wellbeing in Georgia.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Oct;93:390-396

Office of the Director, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Housing instability is a risk factor for child abuse and neglect (CAN). Thus, policies that increase availability of affordable housing may reduce CAN rates. The Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program is the largest affordable housing policy initiative in the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.08.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314036PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Examining the wider context of formal youth mentoring programme development, delivery and maintenance: A qualitative study with mentoring managers and experts in the United Kingdom.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Dec;95:95-108

Bristol Medical School, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Mentoring programmes are commonplace, yet little is known about the circumstances in which they operate. This study aimed to gain insight into the context surrounding youth mentoring programmes by asking programme managers and experts in the United Kingdom about their experiences. Telephone interviews with twenty-three programme managers and five experts were undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.10.028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294841PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Service Engagement and Retention: Lessons from the Early Childhood Connections Program.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May 19;88:114-127. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Washington University in St. Louis.

The high attrition rates found in studies of early childhood home visitation create barriers to measuring the effectiveness of such programs. Most studies examine attrition at program completion. This practice may mask important differences in characteristics between families that end participation at various time points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.02.028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258043PMC
May 2018
1 Read

"I really wanted her to have a Big Sister": Caregiver perspectives on mentoring for early adolescent girls.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May 19;88:308-315. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W. Roosevelt Rd., Chicago, IL 60608.

Formal youth mentoring programs tend to focus on the mentor-mentee dyad as the primary relationship cultivated and supported. The interests and preferences of the parent or caregiver in the mentoring relationship may receive little attention. In this study, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with primary caregivers (N=20) of early adolescent girls participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters community-based mentoring program to explore reasons why they wanted mentors for their daughters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.03.029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6185733PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Patterns and predictors of childcare subsidies for children with and without special needs.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May 8;88:218-228. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Center for Early Education and Development, University of Minnesota.

One goal of childcare subsidies is to increase access to quality childcare for families of low-income, thus supporting child and family wellbeing, but subsidies may not equally benefit children with and without special needs. This study examined patterns and predictors of subsidy use among children with disabilities or delays relative to children without special needs. A nationally representative sample of approximately 4,050 young children from families of low-income was drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.03.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135250PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Connectedness to family, school, peers, and community in socially vulnerable adolescents.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct;81:321-331

The University of Michigan, Department of Psychiatry, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, United States.

Youth who feel connected to people and institutions in their communities may be buffered from other risk factors in their lives. As a result, increasing connectedness has been recommended as a prevention strategy. In this study, we examined connectedness among 224 youth (ages 12-15), recruited from an urban medical emergency department, who were at elevated risk due to bullying perpetration or victimization, or low social connectedness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128354PMC
October 2017
2 Reads

An Examination of the Relationship between Maternal Depression and Barriers to Child Mental Health Services.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Oct 8;93:270-275. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

New York University Medical Center, The McSilver Institute for Poverty, Policy, and Research.

Objective: Maternal depression is a common, chronic set of disorders associated with significant burden to caregivers, children and families. Some evidence suggests that depression is associated with perceptions of barriers to child mental health treatment and premature termination from services. However, this relationship has not yet been examined among a predominantly low-income sample, which is at disproportionately high risk of depression, child mental health problems, and treatment drop out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.08.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6115193PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Family poverty and neighborhood poverty: Links with children's school readiness before and after the Great Recession.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 23;79:368-384. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Rice University, 6100 Main St., MS-28, Houston, TX 77005, United States.

This paper examines how neighborhood and family poverty predict children's academic skills and classroom behavior at school entry, and whether associations have changed over a period of twelve years spanning the Great Recession. Utilizing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten 1998 and 2010 cohorts and combined with data from the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107082PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

Public housing agency preferences for the homeless as a policy lever: Examining county-level housing subsidy receipt and maltreatment rates.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jul 4;78:81-88. Epub 2017 May 4.

School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1350 University Ave, Madison, WI 53706, United States.

This study examines the relationship between county Public Housing Agency (PHA) practices that prioritize families experiencing homelessness and county-level child maltreatment rates. Using data from a survey of PHAs and the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) with a sample of 534 counties, we find that policies which give preference to homeless households for housing assistance are associated with reduced victimization and substantiation rates, while policies that reduce barriers to assistance eligibility are associated with reporting rates. Our findings suggest that beyond prioritizing homeless families for housing assistance as a means of ending homelessness, providing families with more expedient access to a valuable public subsidy may have important positive externalities, such as reduced CPS involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6072271PMC
July 2017
2 Reads

Defining and achieving permanency among older youth in foster care.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Apr;87:9-16

Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.

Permanency is a key child welfare system goal for the children they serve. This study addresses three key research questions: (1) How do older youth in foster care define their personal permanency goals? (2) How much progress have these youth made in achieving their personal permanency goals and other aspects of relational permanency, and how does this vary by gender, race, and age? and (3) What transition-related outcomes are associated with relational permanency achievement? Surveys were conducted with 97 youth between the ages of 14 and 20 currently in care. Over three-fourths of participants had an informal/relational permanency goal; however, only 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.02.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5978934PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Barriers and facilitators for access to mental health services by traumatized youth.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 7;85:273-278. Epub 2018 Jan 7.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Mental Health, 624 North Broadway Street, 8th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States.

Polytrauma is a highly prevalent public health problem in the U.S. with even higher rates in urban areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5962297PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Developing a typology of mentoring programmes for young people attending secondary school in the United Kingdom using qualitative methods.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May;88:401-415

Bristol Medical School, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.03.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5946908PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Who is accessing family mental health programs? Demographic differences before and after system reform.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 24;85:239-244. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research, Silver School of Social Work, New York University, 41 East 11 street, 7 floor, New York NY, 10003, United States.

Childhood mental health disorders are on the rise in the United States. To ensure equitable access to care, it is important to examine the characteristics of children and families who access services. This study compares the demographic characteristics of two samples of families who participated in National Institute of Mental Health-funded studies of a Multiple Family Group model, entitled the 4Rs and 2Ss Multiple Family Group (4Rs and 2Ss) in New York City. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.12.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5935464PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Feasibility of Internet-based Parent Training for Low-income Parents of Young Children.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 5;84:198-205. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Wayne State University, 71 E. Ferry Ave. Detroit, Michigan 48202.

Parent training programs promote positive parenting and benefit low-income children, but are rarely used. Internet-based delivery may help expand the reach of parent training programs, although feasibility among low-income populations is still unclear. We examined the feasibility of internet-based parent training, in terms of internet access/use and engagement, through two studies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01907409173057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5931387PMC
January 2018
9 Reads

A qualitative study of cultural congruency of Legacy for Children™ for Spanish-speaking mothers.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug;79:299-308

University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, United States.

In recognition of the need to reach more families, the Legacy for Children™ () program was translated and culturally adapted for Spanish-speaking Hispanic mothers and their infants. This study examined the cultural adaptations and logistical supports needed for successful implementation with Spanish-speaking mothers. The research team used purposive techniques to sample Hispanic bi-lingual providers (N = 14) and supervisors (N = 5) of local home-based parenting programs (Healthy Families, Parents as Teachers, and SafeCare®). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5903277PMC
August 2017
3 Reads

Predictors of Parental Use of Corporal Punishment in Ukraine.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May 2;88:66-73. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

University of Mississippi Department of Social Work.

Despite a great deal of evidence that corporal punishment is harmful, corporal punishment is still very prevalent worldwide. We examine predictors of different types of corporal punishment among Ukrainian mothers in 12 communities across Ukraine. Findings suggest that maternal spirituality, maternal coping styles, family communication, and some demographic characteristics are predictive of mothers' use of corporal punishment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5878055PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Parent-reported stigma and child anxiety: A mixed methods research study.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 May 23;76:237-242. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Stigma has been frequently cited as a barrier to service use for various mental health problems. Studies suggest that stigma may be greater for childhood mental health problems that are perceived as more atypical.

Aims: This study utilized a mixed methods research design (qual + QUAN) to examine parental endorsement of stigma and its impact on service utilization among children with significant anxiety-a common childhood problem frequently perceived as normative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.03.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5860669PMC
May 2017
11 Reads

Perspectives of Youth in Foster Care on Essential Ingredients for Promoting Self-determination and Successful Transition to Adult Life: My Life Model.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Feb 6;86:277-286. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Regional Research Institute, Portland State University, P.O. Box751, Portland Oregon, 97207-0751.

Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5854143PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Concurrent child history and contextual predictors of children's internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in foster care.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 13;84:125-136. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

San Diego State University.

This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.11.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5854395PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Developmental Pathways from Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Use: The Roles of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Mother-Child Relationships.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Nov 23;82:271-279. Epub 2017 Sep 23.

Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, USA.

While many studies have identified a significant relation between child maltreatment and adolescent substance use, the developmental pathways linking this relation remain sparsely explored. The current study examines posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, mother-child relationships, and internalizing and externalizing problems as potential longitudinal pathways through which child maltreatment influences adolescent substance use. Structural equation modeling was conducted on 883 adolescents drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01907409173045
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.09.035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5831507PMC
November 2017
7 Reads

Foster home integration as a temporal indicator of relational well-being.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Dec 28;83:137-145. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

School of Social Work, Portland State University, Portland, OR, United States.

This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.10.036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813830PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Cost Effectiveness of a School Readiness Intervention for Foster Children.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 18;81:63-71. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

University of Oregon, Eugene.

Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.07.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5737933PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

Truancy in the United States: Examining Temporal Trends and Correlates by Race, Age, and Gender.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 8;81:188-196. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

School of Social Work, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, Tegeler Hall, 3550 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63103, United States.

Background: Truancy has long been regarded a common problem in urgent need of effective intervention. Knowledge about factors associated with truancy can guide the development and implementation of interventions.

Method: This paper examined trends in truancy rates between 2002-2014 and correlates of truancy across racial/ethnic groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.08.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733793PMC
October 2017
10 Reads

Development and implementation of a screen-and-refer approach to addressing maternal depression, substance use, and intimate partner violence in home visiting clients.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 25;81:157-167. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Prevent Child Abuse New Jersey, 103 Church Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, United States.

Perinatal maternal depression (MD), substance use (SU), and intimate partner violence (IPV) are critical public health concerns with significant negative impacts on child development. Bolstering the capacity of home visiting (HV) programs to address these significant risk factors has potential to improve child and family outcomes. This study presents a description and mixed-methods feasibility evaluation of the "Home Visitation Enhancing Linkages Project (HELP)," a screen-and-refer approach to addressing MD, SU, and IPV within HV aimed at improving risk identification and linkage to treatment among HV clients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.07.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729752PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

Contextual Factors Associated with the Use of Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 17;79:408-417. Epub 2017 Jun 17.

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at Austin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5726544PMC
August 2017
7 Reads

Latent classes of older foster youth: Prospective associations with outcomes and exits from the foster care system during the transition to adulthood.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 27;79:495-505. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, Moore Building, University Park 16802, United States.

Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01907409173024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5718169PMC
August 2017
16 Reads

Use of Research Evidence and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Youth-Serving Systems.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Sep 6;83:242-247. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR.

Although the effectiveness of interventions for prevention and treatment of mental health and behavioral problems in abused and neglected youth is demonstrated through the accumulation of evidence through rigorous and systematic research, it is uncertain whether use of research evidence (URE) by child-serving systems leaders increases the likelihood of evidence- based practice (EBP) implementation and sustainment. Information on URE was collected from 151 directors and senior administrators of child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice systems in 40 California and 11 Ohio counties participating in an RCT of the use of community development teams (CDTs) to scale up implementation of Treatment Foster Care Oregon over a 3 year period (2010-12). Separate multivariate models were used to assess independent effects of evidence acquisition (input), evaluation (process), application (output), and URE in general (SIEU Total) on two measures of EBP implementation, highest stage reached and proportion of activities completed at pre-implementation, implementation and sustainment phases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.11.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5695711PMC
September 2017
12 Reads

Homelessness and Aging Out of Foster Care: A National Comparison of Child Welfare-Involved Adolescents.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jun 30;77:27-33. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

Oregon Social Learning Center.

The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-ups. Latent class analyses identified subtypes of housing problems, including literal homelessness, housing instability, and stable housing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.03.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5644395PMC
June 2017
16 Reads

Testing three pathways to substance use and delinquency among low-income African American adolescents.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Apr 9;75:7-14. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration, USA.

Objective: Mounting literature suggests that parental monitoring, risky peer norms, and future orientation correlate with illicit drug use and delinquency. However, few studies have investigated these constructs simultaneously in a single statistical model with low income African American youth. This study examined parental monitoring, peer norms and future orientation as primary pathways to drug use and delinquent behaviors in a large sample of African American urban adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.02.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5621654PMC
April 2017
11 Reads

Using Cell Phones for Data Collection: Benefits, Outcomes, and Intervention Possibilities with Homeless Youth.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 1;76:59-64. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA.

While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS) surveying. This paper examines youths' opinions about study participation and how they used the cell phone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.02.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5621742PMC
March 2017
13 Reads

Predictors of Public Early Care and Education Use among Children of Low-Income Immigrants.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 17;73:24-36. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 4123 Sennott Square, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, ph. 412-624-8365, fx. 412-624-4428.

Little is known about predictors of publicly funded early care and education (ECE) use among low-income children of immigrants. Without this knowledge, it is difficult to effectively increase participation in these public programs, which promote school readiness but are underused by children of immigrants. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study -Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study attempts to identify pertinent family, child, maternal ECE preference, broader contextual, and immigrant specific characteristics predictive of ECE use among 4-year old children in a sample of low-income children of immigrants (N ≈ 1,050). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5614493PMC
February 2017
12 Reads

Personal Control and Service Connection as Paths to Improved Mental Health and Exiting Homelessness among Severely Marginalized Homeless Youth.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 27;73:121-127. Epub 2016 Nov 27.

Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University.

Objective: Non-service connected, continuously homeless youth are arguably one of the most vulnerable populations in the U.S. These youth reside at society's margins experiencing an accumulation of risks over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5603313PMC
February 2017
24 Reads

School Readiness in the Midwest Child-Parent Center Expansion: A Propensity Score Analysis of Year 1 Impacts.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug;79:620-630

Human Capital Research Collaborative, University of Minnesota, 301 19 Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455.

In this paper, we evaluate the effectiveness of the first year of a federally-funded, evidence-based preschool through third grade intervention in Chicago. We use inverse probability weighting with regression adjustment to estimate the impacts of the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program on teacher assessments of school readiness for 1,289 low-income preschool and 591 comparison-group participants. Results indicated significant positive impacts of the program for all domains, including literacy, math, socio-emotional development, science and total score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5602603PMC
August 2017
8 Reads

Effects of a video feedback parent training program during child welfare visitation.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Dec 8;71:266-276. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

University of Oregon, USA.

Behavioral parent training programs have documented efficacy for improving behaviors among parents and their children and are frequently used by child welfare agencies to prevent removal of a child from the parental home or to facilitate reunification. Although an ideal time for parent training might be during supervised visits where parents may practice skills with their children under the guidance and support of a therapist or caseworker, this is not typically the case. Most often, parents within the child welfare system receive parent training in small groups without their children present, and to date, few studies have examined effects of behavioral parent training interventions during supervised visitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5604245PMC
December 2016
8 Reads

Exploration of Factors Predictive of At-risk Fathers' Participation in a Pilot Study of an Augmented Evidence-Based Parent Training Program: A Mixed Methods Approach.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 4;79:485-494. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

Georgia State University, School of Public Health, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA.

There has been burgeoning parenting intervention research specifically addressing fathers in recent decades. Corresponding research examining their participation and engagement in evidence-based parent training programs, which have almost exclusively targeted mothers, is just emerging. The current study used mixed methods to examine factors that influenced completion of an augmented version of an evidence-based child maltreatment prevention program developed for male caregivers called SafeCare Dad to Kids (Dad2K) in a pilot study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5568185PMC
August 2017
13 Reads

Network Indicators of the Social Ecology of Adolescents in Relative and Non-Relative Foster Households.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 7;73:173-181. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Portland State University.

Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5519302PMC
February 2017
10 Reads

Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 28;74:35-49. Epub 2017 Jan 28.

Center on Poverty and Social Policy, Columbia University School of Social Work.

Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.01.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5484166PMC
March 2017
17 Reads

Children's Executive Function in a CPS-Involved Sample: Effects of Cumulative Adversity and Specific Types of Adversity.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Dec 9;71:184-190. Epub 2016 Nov 9.

University of Oregon, Department of Psychology.

Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years). It was expected that the sample would exhibit low EF overall based on previous research in maltreated children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5472387PMC
December 2016
13 Reads

Nutritional status of foster children in the U.S.: Implications for cognitive and behavioral development.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 14;70:369-374. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, UO Prevention Science Institute, 6217 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA.

Objective: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5472390PMC
November 2016
26 Reads

The influence of concrete support on child welfare program engagement, progress, and recurrence.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jan 17;72:26-33. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

The Mark Chaffin Center for Healthy Development, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA.

Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5438157PMC
January 2017
44 Reads

Behavior problems and children's academic achievement: A test of growth-curve models with gender and racial differences.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Aug 2;67:95-104. Epub 2016 Jun 2.

School of Social Work, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, 3550 Lindell Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63103, United States.

The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between externalizing and internalizing behavior and children's academic achievement, particularly in terms of whether these variables varied as a function of gender and race. Data pertaining to externalizing and internalizing behavior, academic achievement, gender, and race from three waves of the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics ( = 2028) were used. Results indicate that behavior problems had a negative relationship with academic performance and some of these associations endured over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.06.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5436618PMC
August 2016
24 Reads

To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 9;70:102-111. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.

The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10 to 12 grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.09.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423661PMC
November 2016
14 Reads

Mental Health Interventions for Children in Foster Care: A Systematic Review.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 8;70:65-77. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

The Kempe Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect, Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Colorado - School of Medicine.

Children in foster care have high rates of adverse childhood experiences and are at risk for mental health problems. These problems can be difficult to ameliorate, creating a need for rigorous intervention research. Previous research suggests that intervening with children in foster care can be challenging for several reasons, including the severity and complexity of their mental health problems, and challenges engaging this often transitory population in mental health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5421550PMC
November 2016
37 Reads

Perspectives on disclosure among children living with HIV in India.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Dec 17;71:277-281. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Department of Pediatrics, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5416817PMC
December 2016
8 Reads

The Great Recession and risk for child abuse and neglect.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jan 15;72:71-81. Epub 2016 Oct 15.

Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th St. New York, NY 10027,

This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and four measures of the risk for maternal child abuse and neglect: (1) maternal physical aggression; (2) maternal psychological aggression; (3) physical neglect by mothers; and (4) supervisory/exposure neglect by mothers. It draws on rich longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5408954PMC
January 2017
39 Reads

ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES AMONG YOUTH AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE: A LATENT CLASS ANALYSIS.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 6;74:108-116. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration, 969 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

Research has demonstrated that youth who age out, or emancipate, from foster care face deleterious outcomes across a variety of domains in early adulthood. This article builds on this knowledge base by investigating the role of adverse childhood experience accumulation and composition on these outcomes. A latent class analysis was performed to identify three subgroups: Complex Adversity, Environmental Adversity, and Lower Adversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404688PMC
March 2017
33 Reads

Chaotic Experiences and Low-Income Children's Social-Emotional Development.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 7;70:19-29. Epub 2016 Sep 7.

University of Texas at Austin, 2315 Red River St., P.O. Box Y, Austin, TX 78712, USA.

Development in early childhood is increasingly likely to take place in multiple contexts. Continuity and discontinuity in children's experiences across multiple contexts have important implications for their development. This study examines the extent to which children experience chaos in their homes and in their preschool settings is linked with their social-emotional development over the course of the preschool year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.09.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5397115PMC
November 2016
13 Reads