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    283 results match your criteria Children and Youth Services Review [Journal]

    1 OF 6

    Developing a typology of mentoring programmes for young people attending secondary school in the United Kingdom using qualitative methods.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May;88:401-415
    Bristol Medical School, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. Read More

    Who is accessing family mental health programs? Demographic differences before and after system reform.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 24;85:239-244. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research, Silver School of Social Work, New York University, 41 East 11 street, 7 floor, New York NY, 10003, United States.
    Childhood mental health disorders are on the rise in the United States. To ensure equitable access to care, it is important to examine the characteristics of children and families who access services. This study compares the demographic characteristics of two samples of families who participated in National Institute of Mental Health-funded studies of a Multiple Family Group model, entitled the 4Rs and 2Ss Multiple Family Group (4Rs and 2Ss) in New York City. Read More

    Feasibility of Internet-based Parent Training for Low-income Parents of Young Children.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 5;84:198-205. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Wayne State University, 71 E. Ferry Ave. Detroit, Michigan 48202.
    Parent training programs promote positive parenting and benefit low-income children, but are rarely used. Internet-based delivery may help expand the reach of parent training programs, although feasibility among low-income populations is still unclear. We examined the feasibility of internet-based parent training, in terms of internet access/use and engagement, through two studies. Read More

    A qualitative study of cultural congruency of Legacy for Children™ for Spanish-speaking mothers.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug;79:299-308
    University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, United States.
    In recognition of the need to reach more families, the Legacy for Children™ () program was translated and culturally adapted for Spanish-speaking Hispanic mothers and their infants. This study examined the cultural adaptations and logistical supports needed for successful implementation with Spanish-speaking mothers. The research team used purposive techniques to sample Hispanic bi-lingual providers (N = 14) and supervisors (N = 5) of local home-based parenting programs (Healthy Families, Parents as Teachers, and SafeCare®). Read More

    Predictors of Parental Use of Corporal Punishment in Ukraine.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 May 2;88:66-73. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
    University of Mississippi Department of Social Work.
    Despite a great deal of evidence that corporal punishment is harmful, corporal punishment is still very prevalent worldwide. We examine predictors of different types of corporal punishment among Ukrainian mothers in 12 communities across Ukraine. Findings suggest that maternal spirituality, maternal coping styles, family communication, and some demographic characteristics are predictive of mothers' use of corporal punishment. Read More

    Parent-reported stigma and child anxiety: A mixed methods research study.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 May 23;76:237-242. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Background: Stigma has been frequently cited as a barrier to service use for various mental health problems. Studies suggest that stigma may be greater for childhood mental health problems that are perceived as more atypical.

    Aims: This study utilized a mixed methods research design (qual + QUAN) to examine parental endorsement of stigma and its impact on service utilization among children with significant anxiety-a common childhood problem frequently perceived as normative. Read More

    Perspectives of Youth in Foster Care on Essential Ingredients for Promoting Self-determination and Successful Transition to Adult Life: My Life Model.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Feb 6;86:277-286. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Regional Research Institute, Portland State University, P.O. Box751, Portland Oregon, 97207-0751.
    Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood. Read More

    Concurrent child history and contextual predictors of children's internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in foster care.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Jan 13;84:125-136. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    San Diego State University.
    This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e. Read More

    Developmental Pathways from Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Use: The Roles of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Mother-Child Relationships.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Nov 23;82:271-279. Epub 2017 Sep 23.
    Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, USA.
    While many studies have identified a significant relation between child maltreatment and adolescent substance use, the developmental pathways linking this relation remain sparsely explored. The current study examines posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, mother-child relationships, and internalizing and externalizing problems as potential longitudinal pathways through which child maltreatment influences adolescent substance use. Structural equation modeling was conducted on 883 adolescents drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). Read More

    Foster home integration as a temporal indicator of relational well-being.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Dec 28;83:137-145. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    School of Social Work, Portland State University, Portland, OR, United States.
    This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Read More

    Cost Effectiveness of a School Readiness Intervention for Foster Children.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 18;81:63-71. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    University of Oregon, Eugene.
    Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. Read More

    Truancy in the United States: Examining Temporal Trends and Correlates by Race, Age, and Gender.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 8;81:188-196. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    School of Social Work, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, Tegeler Hall, 3550 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63103, United States.
    Background: Truancy has long been regarded a common problem in urgent need of effective intervention. Knowledge about factors associated with truancy can guide the development and implementation of interventions.

    Method: This paper examined trends in truancy rates between 2002-2014 and correlates of truancy across racial/ethnic groups. Read More

    Development and implementation of a screen-and-refer approach to addressing maternal depression, substance use, and intimate partner violence in home visiting clients.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Oct 25;81:157-167. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Prevent Child Abuse New Jersey, 103 Church Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, United States.
    Perinatal maternal depression (MD), substance use (SU), and intimate partner violence (IPV) are critical public health concerns with significant negative impacts on child development. Bolstering the capacity of home visiting (HV) programs to address these significant risk factors has potential to improve child and family outcomes. This study presents a description and mixed-methods feasibility evaluation of the "Home Visitation Enhancing Linkages Project (HELP)," a screen-and-refer approach to addressing MD, SU, and IPV within HV aimed at improving risk identification and linkage to treatment among HV clients. Read More

    Latent classes of older foster youth: Prospective associations with outcomes and exits from the foster care system during the transition to adulthood.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 27;79:495-505. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, Moore Building, University Park 16802, United States.
    Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. Read More

    Use of Research Evidence and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Youth-Serving Systems.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Sep 6;83:242-247. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR.
    Although the effectiveness of interventions for prevention and treatment of mental health and behavioral problems in abused and neglected youth is demonstrated through the accumulation of evidence through rigorous and systematic research, it is uncertain whether use of research evidence (URE) by child-serving systems leaders increases the likelihood of evidence- based practice (EBP) implementation and sustainment. Information on URE was collected from 151 directors and senior administrators of child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice systems in 40 California and 11 Ohio counties participating in an RCT of the use of community development teams (CDTs) to scale up implementation of Treatment Foster Care Oregon over a 3 year period (2010-12). Separate multivariate models were used to assess independent effects of evidence acquisition (input), evaluation (process), application (output), and URE in general (SIEU Total) on two measures of EBP implementation, highest stage reached and proportion of activities completed at pre-implementation, implementation and sustainment phases. Read More

    Homelessness and Aging Out of Foster Care: A National Comparison of Child Welfare-Involved Adolescents.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jun 30;77:27-33. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Oregon Social Learning Center.
    The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-ups. Latent class analyses identified subtypes of housing problems, including literal homelessness, housing instability, and stable housing. Read More

    Testing three pathways to substance use and delinquency among low-income African American adolescents.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Apr 9;75:7-14. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration, USA.
    Objective: Mounting literature suggests that parental monitoring, risky peer norms, and future orientation correlate with illicit drug use and delinquency. However, few studies have investigated these constructs simultaneously in a single statistical model with low income African American youth. This study examined parental monitoring, peer norms and future orientation as primary pathways to drug use and delinquent behaviors in a large sample of African American urban adolescents. Read More

    Using Cell Phones for Data Collection: Benefits, Outcomes, and Intervention Possibilities with Homeless Youth.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 1;76:59-64. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA.
    While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS) surveying. This paper examines youths' opinions about study participation and how they used the cell phone. Read More

    Predictors of Public Early Care and Education Use among Children of Low-Income Immigrants.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 17;73:24-36. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 4123 Sennott Square, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, ph. 412-624-8365, fx. 412-624-4428.
    Little is known about predictors of publicly funded early care and education (ECE) use among low-income children of immigrants. Without this knowledge, it is difficult to effectively increase participation in these public programs, which promote school readiness but are underused by children of immigrants. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study -Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study attempts to identify pertinent family, child, maternal ECE preference, broader contextual, and immigrant specific characteristics predictive of ECE use among 4-year old children in a sample of low-income children of immigrants (N ≈ 1,050). Read More

    Personal Control and Service Connection as Paths to Improved Mental Health and Exiting Homelessness among Severely Marginalized Homeless Youth.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 27;73:121-127. Epub 2016 Nov 27.
    Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University.
    Objective: Non-service connected, continuously homeless youth are arguably one of the most vulnerable populations in the U.S. These youth reside at society's margins experiencing an accumulation of risks over time. Read More

    School Readiness in the Midwest Child-Parent Center Expansion: A Propensity Score Analysis of Year 1 Impacts.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug;79:620-630
    Human Capital Research Collaborative, University of Minnesota, 301 19 Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455.
    In this paper, we evaluate the effectiveness of the first year of a federally-funded, evidence-based preschool through third grade intervention in Chicago. We use inverse probability weighting with regression adjustment to estimate the impacts of the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program on teacher assessments of school readiness for 1,289 low-income preschool and 591 comparison-group participants. Results indicated significant positive impacts of the program for all domains, including literacy, math, socio-emotional development, science and total score. Read More

    Effects of a video feedback parent training program during child welfare visitation.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Dec 8;71:266-276. Epub 2016 Nov 8.
    University of Oregon, USA.
    Behavioral parent training programs have documented efficacy for improving behaviors among parents and their children and are frequently used by child welfare agencies to prevent removal of a child from the parental home or to facilitate reunification. Although an ideal time for parent training might be during supervised visits where parents may practice skills with their children under the guidance and support of a therapist or caseworker, this is not typically the case. Most often, parents within the child welfare system receive parent training in small groups without their children present, and to date, few studies have examined effects of behavioral parent training interventions during supervised visitation. Read More

    Exploration of Factors Predictive of At-risk Fathers' Participation in a Pilot Study of an Augmented Evidence-Based Parent Training Program: A Mixed Methods Approach.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Aug 4;79:485-494. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Georgia State University, School of Public Health, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA.
    There has been burgeoning parenting intervention research specifically addressing fathers in recent decades. Corresponding research examining their participation and engagement in evidence-based parent training programs, which have almost exclusively targeted mothers, is just emerging. The current study used mixed methods to examine factors that influenced completion of an augmented version of an evidence-based child maltreatment prevention program developed for male caregivers called SafeCare Dad to Kids (Dad2K) in a pilot study. Read More

    Network Indicators of the Social Ecology of Adolescents in Relative and Non-Relative Foster Households.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Feb 7;73:173-181. Epub 2016 Dec 7.
    Portland State University.
    Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality. Read More

    Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 28;74:35-49. Epub 2017 Jan 28.
    Center on Poverty and Social Policy, Columbia University School of Social Work.
    Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. Read More

    Children's Executive Function in a CPS-Involved Sample: Effects of Cumulative Adversity and Specific Types of Adversity.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Dec 9;71:184-190. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    University of Oregon, Department of Psychology.
    Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years). It was expected that the sample would exhibit low EF overall based on previous research in maltreated children. Read More

    Nutritional status of foster children in the U.S.: Implications for cognitive and behavioral development.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 14;70:369-374. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, UO Prevention Science Institute, 6217 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA.
    Objective: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. Read More

    The influence of concrete support on child welfare program engagement, progress, and recurrence.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jan 17;72:26-33. Epub 2016 Oct 17.
    The Mark Chaffin Center for Healthy Development, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA.
    Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs. Read More

    Behavior problems and children's academic achievement: A test of growth-curve models with gender and racial differences.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Aug 2;67:95-104. Epub 2016 Jun 2.
    School of Social Work, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, 3550 Lindell Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63103, United States.
    The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between externalizing and internalizing behavior and children's academic achievement, particularly in terms of whether these variables varied as a function of gender and race. Data pertaining to externalizing and internalizing behavior, academic achievement, gender, and race from three waves of the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics ( = 2028) were used. Results indicate that behavior problems had a negative relationship with academic performance and some of these associations endured over time. Read More

    To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 9;70:102-111. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.
    The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10 to 12 grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled. Read More

    Mental Health Interventions for Children in Foster Care: A Systematic Review.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 8;70:65-77. Epub 2016 Sep 8.
    The Kempe Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect, Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Colorado - School of Medicine.
    Children in foster care have high rates of adverse childhood experiences and are at risk for mental health problems. These problems can be difficult to ameliorate, creating a need for rigorous intervention research. Previous research suggests that intervening with children in foster care can be challenging for several reasons, including the severity and complexity of their mental health problems, and challenges engaging this often transitory population in mental health services. Read More

    The Great Recession and risk for child abuse and neglect.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Jan 15;72:71-81. Epub 2016 Oct 15.
    Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th St. New York, NY 10027,
    This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and four measures of the risk for maternal child abuse and neglect: (1) maternal physical aggression; (2) maternal psychological aggression; (3) physical neglect by mothers; and (4) supervisory/exposure neglect by mothers. It draws on rich longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. Read More

    Child Youth Serv Rev 2017 Mar 6;74:108-116. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration, 969 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
    Research has demonstrated that youth who age out, or emancipate, from foster care face deleterious outcomes across a variety of domains in early adulthood. This article builds on this knowledge base by investigating the role of adverse childhood experience accumulation and composition on these outcomes. A latent class analysis was performed to identify three subgroups: Complex Adversity, Environmental Adversity, and Lower Adversity. Read More

    Chaotic Experiences and Low-Income Children's Social-Emotional Development.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 7;70:19-29. Epub 2016 Sep 7.
    University of Texas at Austin, 2315 Red River St., P.O. Box Y, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
    Development in early childhood is increasingly likely to take place in multiple contexts. Continuity and discontinuity in children's experiences across multiple contexts have important implications for their development. This study examines the extent to which children experience chaos in their homes and in their preschool settings is linked with their social-emotional development over the course of the preschool year. Read More

    Bullying among Urban Mexican-heritage Youth: Exploring Risk for Substance Use by Status as a Bully, Victim, and Bully-Victim.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Feb 19;61:216-221. Epub 2015 Dec 19.
    School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Tucson, AZ, Mailing address: 340 N. Commerce Park Loop, Suite 250, Tucson, AZ 85745, School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, Mailing address: 411 N. Central Avenue, Suite 800, Phoenix, AZ 85004,
    Little is known about adolescent bullying behavior and its relationship to substance use in ethnic minority populations. In a sample of youth of Mexican heritage, the current study aimed to examine the prevalence of bullying behavior subtypes and its co-occurrence with recent alcohol, cigarette, and inhalant use. Data come from a school-based substance use prevention study in the Southwestern U. Read More

    Case file coding of child maltreatment: Methods, challenges, and innovations in a longitudinal project of youth in foster care.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Aug 21;67:254-262. Epub 2016 Jun 21.
    Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.
    State social service agency case files are a common mechanism for obtaining information about a child's maltreatment history, yet these documents are often challenging for researchers to access, and then to process in a manner consistent with the requirements of social science research designs. Specifically, accessing and navigating case files is an extensive undertaking, and a task that many researchers have had to maneuver with little guidance. Even after the files are in hand and the research questions and relevant variables have been clarified, case file information about a child's maltreatment exposure can be idiosyncratic, vague, inconsistent, and incomplete, making coding such information into useful variables for statistical analyses difficult. Read More

    Foster care placement change: The role of family dynamics and household composition.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Sep 28;68:44-50. Epub 2016 Jun 28.
    Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR, United States ; School of Social Work, Portland State University, Portland, OR, United States.
    Sibling co-placement and kinship care have each been shown to protect against the occurrence of placement change for youth in substitute care. However, little is known about the effects of different combinations of sibling placement and relative caregiver status on placement change. Nor does the field fully understand how family dynamics may differ in these households. Read More

    Morbid Obesity and Use of Second Generation Antipsychotics among Adolescents in Foster Care: Evidence from Medicaid.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Aug 30;67:27-31. Epub 2016 May 30.
    Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1196, Goldfarb Hall, Room 229C, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, United States.
    Background: Many adolescents enter foster care with high body mass index (BMI), and patterns of treatment further exacerbate the risk of morbid obesity. A principal risk factor for such exacerbation is the use of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We examine the association between receiving a morbid obesity diagnosis and SGA prescriptions among adolescents in foster care. Read More

    Community-based organisations for vulnerable children in South Africa: Reach, psychosocial correlates, and potential mechanisms.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Mar 21;62:58-64. Epub 2016 Jan 21.
    Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Read More

    Family formation: A positive outcome for vulnerable young women?
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Aug 31;67:57-66. Epub 2016 May 31.
    Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1196, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.
    While marriage and childbirth are generally considered positive adult outcomes, it is not clear that this holds true among low income young women. Beyond adolescent parenting, little empirical data exists on various types of family formation in this population. The aims of this study were twofold: (1) to understand predictors of type of family formation (e. Read More

    Fostering Higher Education: A Postsecondary Access and Retention Intervention for Youth with Foster Care Experience.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Nov 9;70:46-56. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Ave. NE, Suite 401, Seattle, WA 98115, USA.
    Most youth in foster care aspire to obtain higher education, but face daunting obstacles in doing so. While societal interest and effort to support foster youth in achieving higher education has grown, very few supports have evidence to show that they are effective at improving postsecondary outcomes. In an effort to address the dearth of clearly articulated, evidence-based postsecondary support approaches for foster youth, we have developed Fostering Higher Education (FHE), a comprehensive, structured, and evaluable postsecondary access and retention intervention composed of elements (professional educational advocacy, substance abuse prevention, mentoring) that are either evidence based or promising based on the scientific literature and their ability to address the outcomes of interest. Read More

    Decreasing Risk Factors for Later Alcohol Use and Antisocial Behaviors in Children in Foster Care by Increasing Early Promotive Factors.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 May;65:156-165
    University of Oregon, Department of Psychology, 1227 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, 97403, USA, , ,
    Children in foster care are at high risk for poor psychosocial outcomes, including school failure, alcohol and other substance abuse, and criminal behaviors. Promoting healthy development by increasing broad-impact positive skills may help reduce some of the risk factors for longer-term negative outcomes. School readiness has been linked to a number of positive outcomes across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and may also boost intermediary positive skills such as self-competence. Read More

    Guiding and supporting adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: The development of a curriculum for family and community members.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Feb;61:253-260
    School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TA 38111, United States.
    Although HIV-related deaths declined globally by 30% between 2005 and 2012, those among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) rose by 50%. This discrepancy is primarily due to failure to address the specific needs of ALHIV and resulting poor clinical outcomes related to late diagnosis and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The Families Matter! Program (FMP) is an evidence-based intervention for parents and caregivers of 9-12 year-olds that promotes positive parenting practices and effective parent-child communication about sexuality and sexual risk reduction. Read More

    Fragile Families in the American Welfare State.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2015 Aug;55:210-221
    University College London, Epidemiology and Public Health, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.
    The proportion of children born out of wedlock is now over 40 percent. At birth, about half of these parents are co-habiting. This paper examines data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study (N = ) to describe for the first time the role of welfare state benefits in the economic lives of married, cohabiting, and single parent families with young children. Read More

    Professional and youth perspectives on higher education-focused interventions for youth transitioning from foster care.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 May;64:23-34
    Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Ave. NE, Suite 401, Seattle, WA 98115, USA.
    Youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood access and succeed in college at much lower rates than the general population. A variety of services exist to support youth with their postsecondary goals, but few if any have evidence for their effectiveness. As part of a National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded intervention development project to design Fostering Higher Education, a structured, testable postsecondary access and retention intervention for youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood, focus groups were conducted with community stakeholders to collect recommendations for how to most effectively structure the intervention. Read More

    Qualitative Evaluation of Historical and Relational Factors Influencing Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infection Risks in Foster Youth.
    Child Youth Serv Rev 2016 Feb;61:245-252
    Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development Research/Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital and Research Institute/University of Washington, 2001 8 Ave Suite 400, Mailstop CW8-6, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA.
    Purpose: To explore how attitudes, norms, behaviors, responses to early life experiences, and protective factors influence pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection risks from the perspectives of current and former foster youth to inform the development of prevention strategies.

    Methods: We conducted semi-structured individual qualitative interviews with a diverse sample of 22 current/former foster youth aged 15-21 years (63% female; average age = 18.6 years). Read More

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