654 results match your criteria Childhood obesity Print[Journal]


The Associations between Childhood Obesity, Academic Performance, and Perception of Teachers: From Kindergarten to Fifth Grade.

Authors:
Rena C Moon

Child Obes 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando Health, Orlando, FL, USA.

Obesity is weakly associated with negative academic achievement among school-aged children. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the relationships between reading/mathematics scores (objective) and teachers' perception of learning ability (subjective) and childhood obesity-from kindergarten to fifth grade. This study examined a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of 18,174 children who were enrolled in kindergarten in 2010 in the United States (ECLS-K:2011). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0330DOI Listing

User Characteristics and Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescents' Initial Use of a Lifestyle Behavior Modification Intervention.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

E-health interventions can provide Canadian adolescents (13-17 years old) with personalized support to help them modify their obesogenic behaviors. However, use of e-health interventions among adolescents has not been extensively examined. This study examined user characteristics and parenting practices associated with adolescents' initial use of the Aim2Be app; a health behavior modification intervention delivered through a smartphone app. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2020.0035DOI Listing

Association of Trunk/Leg Fat Mass Ratio with Low-Density Lipoproteins-Cholesterol and Triglycerides Concentration in Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional, Retrospective Study.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Medical Faculty and University Hospital, Center of Prevention and Rehabilitation, UniReha, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Increased central (or abdominal) fat mass has been associated with cardiometabolic risk factors such as high low-density lipoproteins (LDL)-cholesterol or triglycerides (TG) concentration in children. To generate pediatric reference centiles for trunk/leg fat mass ratio (T2L) (assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]) and to evaluate the association of LDL-cholesterol and TG concentrations with T2L in children and adolescents. Data of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2004) were used to determine total and regional fat mass by DXA of the participants (aged 8-19 years) who had also an examination of LDL-cholesterol and TG concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0307DOI Listing

Maternal Chronic Hypertension Elevates the Risk for Long-Term Selected Endocrine and Metabolic Morbidity in the Offspring, Particularly Childhood Obesity.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are known to be associated with high rates of perinatal complications for both mother and child. We aimed at determining whether maternal chronic hypertension impacts long-term pediatric endocrine and metabolic morbidity. A population-based, retrospective cohort study was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0304DOI Listing

Associations between Bottle-Feeding during Infancy and Obesity at Age 6 Years Are Mediated by Greater Infancy Weight Gain.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Anesthesia Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Center for Anesthesia Research Excellence (CARE), Boston, MA, USA.

To explore whether the association between bottle-feeding during the first year and childhood obesity at age 6 years is mediated by change in weight-for-age z-score (ΔWAZ) during infancy. Participants were 1062 mother-child pairs who participated in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II and Year 6 Follow-Up. Mothers completed 1 prenatal questionnaire, 10 postpartum questionnaires during the first year, and 1 follow-up questionnaire at 6 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0299DOI Listing

Are There Inter-Individual Differences in Fat Mass and Percent Body Fat as a Result of Aerobic Exercise Training in Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents? A Meta-Analytic Perspective.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Exercise Science, Children's Physical Activity Research Group, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Determine whether inter-individual response differences exist with respect to changes in fat mass and percent body fat as a result of aerobic exercise training in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Using the meta-analytic approach, randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of aerobic exercise training on fat mass and percent body fat in overweight and obese children and adolescents were included. Change outcome standard deviations for fat mass and percent body fat were used to calculate true inter-individual differences from each study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2020.0056DOI Listing

Predictors of Engagement in a Pediatric Weight Management Clinic after Referral.

Child Obes 2020 Jun;16(4):238-243

Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Little is known about factors that affect a family's ability to engage in pediatric weight management clinics (PWMCs). We aimed at comparing child and family characteristics of patients referred to a PWMC by participants' attendance at orientation, attendance at intake, or completing the program. We performed a retrospective study of patients ages 2-18 years referred to a PWMC between 2014 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2020.0032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262647PMC

Association between Body Mass Index Status and Childhood Asthma Control.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 16;16(4):274-280. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

School of Nursing, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

The association between body mass index (BMI) status and childhood asthma control is not well understood. The aim of this study was to explore the association between BMI status and childhood asthma control. Two hundred forty-two children, aged 6-11 years, with asthma were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2020.0029DOI Listing

Cross-Site Process Evaluation Results for the Early Childhood Education Center Setting: CORD Study.

Child Obes 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health, Austin Campus, Austin, TX, USA.

The project aimed to deliver evidence-based obesity prevention interventions to at-risk families at three demonstration sites. The interventions were delivered in multiple settings, including early childhood education centers (ECECs), public schools, and primary care clinics. An evaluation center conducted cross-site process, impact, and sustainability evaluations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0314DOI Listing

Feasibility of Targeting Hispanic Fathers and Children in an Obesity Intervention: "".

Child Obes 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Faculty of Education and Arts, Priority Research Center for Physical Activity & Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Hispanic children and men carry a high burden for obesity and associated medical conditions. was the first obesity prevention intervention targeting fathers and demonstrated weight loss among fathers and behavior change among fathers and children in Australia. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a culturally adapted version of the program for Hispanic families, . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2020.0006DOI Listing

Managing Excessive Weight Gain in Children <2 Years of Age: Interviews with Primary Care Providers.

Child Obes 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Excessive weight gain in the first 2 years of childhood is a risk factor for future obesity. However, the current absence of clear, standardized identification and treatment guidelines may hinder primary care providers' (PCPs) ability to manage early excessive weight gain in children <2. The objective of this study was to explore PCPs' perspectives on evaluating and communicating about early excessive weight gain and to identify PCP-opined barriers to the care of children exhibiting such trends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0315DOI Listing

Gut Bacterial Families Are Associated with Body Composition and Metabolic Risk Markers in School-Aged Children in Rural Mexico.

Child Obes 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Departamento de Investigación en Nutrición Humana, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Querétaro, México.

Differences in gut microbiota composition have been associated with obesity and metabolic alterations in children. The aim of this study was to analyze the abundance of the main bacterial families of the gut among children according to their body composition and metabolic markers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 93 school-aged children (8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0312DOI Listing

Sedentary Behavior and Obesity in Youth According to Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006.

Child Obes 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Health and Sport Analytics Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sedentary time and obesity in youth according to meeting physical activity guidelines. A total of 1991 youth (10-17 years) from the 2003 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in the analysis. Physical activity was categorized into two levels: (1) daily engagement in ≥60 minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and (2) <60 minutes per day of MVPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0213DOI Listing

Association between Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Overweight/Obesity among Children Aged 0-5 Years According to the 2016 Demographic and Family Health Survey.

Child Obes 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru.

Overweight and obesity among children under the age of 5 have become a public health problem. The worldwide prevalence is 4.9% and 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0201DOI Listing

A Media Literacy-Based Nutrition Program Fosters Parent-Child Food Marketing Discussions, Improves Home Food Environment, and Youth Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Human Development, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA.

Media use is a known contributor to childhood obesity, but encouraging reductions in screen use only partially eliminates media influence. We tested a family-centered, media literacy-oriented intervention to empower parents and children 9-14 years to skillfully use media to reduce marketing influences, enhance nutrition knowledge, improve the selection of foods in the home environment, and improve fruit and vegetable consumption. A community-based, 6-U program included separate parent and youth (ages 9-14 years) sessions, each of which was followed by a session together in which skills from the individual sessions were reinforced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0240DOI Listing

The Impact of Parental Diabetes on the Prevalence of Childhood Obesity.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 9;16(4):258-264. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Obesity among children and adolescents is a worldwide public health concern. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) incidence are increasing, with heredity and socioeconomic status as possible risk factors. How these factors affect the risk of childhood obesity remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0278DOI Listing

The Rise in Pediatric Obesity-Related Conditions and Costs in Public Insurance Programs: Evidence from Alabama.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 27;16(4):291-299. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, The University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL, USA.

The increase in pediatric obesity rates is well documented. The extent of corresponding increases in diagnoses of obesity-related conditions (Ob-Cs) and associated medical costs for children in public insurance programs is unknown. Retrospective claims data linked to enrollees' demographic data for Alabama's Children's Health Insurance Program (ALL Kids) 1999-2015 were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0212DOI Listing

Tracking of Obesity in Childhood into Adulthood: Effects on Body Mass Index and Fat Mass Index at Age 50.

Child Obes 2020 Apr;16(3):226-233

Department of Sociology, University of California. Riverside, Riverside, CA.

Obesity is present in 17% of US youth, age 2-19 years, but the extent to which obesity in childhood is associated with higher BMI and fat mass in middle age is unclear. In this study, links between childhood body size and BMI and body composition at age ∼50 were assessed. Child Health and Development Studies participants, born between 1960 and 1963 in Alameda County, and still living in California, from whom anthropometric data were collected at age 5, 9-11, and/or 15-17 years were followed-up at age ∼50 for anthropometric outcomes (251 women; 249 men). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7099417PMC

Association between Sleep Duration and Body Composition in Girls Ten to Eighteen Years of Age: A Population-Based Study.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 16;16(4):281-290. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea.

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and body composition as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Based on data obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010), 303 girls were divided into three groups by sleep duration: very short, short, and recommended. By analysis of covariance, compared with the "very short" group, the "recommended" group had reduced adjusted mean DXA-assessed total mass (TM, 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0191DOI Listing

High Rates of Obesity at Presentation Persist into Survivorship across Childhood Cancer Types.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 13;16(4):250-257. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Pediatrics Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Subtypes of pediatric oncology patients and childhood cancer survivors who are overweight or obese have worse prognosis than their healthy-weighted peers. Several studies have examined weight status in either pediatric patients or survivors with acute leukemia, but few have compared these data across various diagnoses. We examined BMI from oncology diagnosis or presentation, through treatment, and into survivorship across the most common cancer types seen in pediatric oncology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262646PMC

The Impact of a Multipronged Intervention to Increase School Lunch Participation among Secondary School Students in an Urban Public School District.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Division of Community Health Sciences, UC Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA.

Schools meals offer a critical opportunity for improving youths' diets, particularly for economically disadvantaged students. We examine the impact of a multipronged intervention to increase middle and high school students' lunch participation in an urban school district. In school years 2015-2016 through 2017-2018, a quasi-experimental study was conducted in 24 secondary schools, half ( = 12) of which received the following intervention: cafeteria redesign, additional school lunch points-of-sale (mobile carts and vending machines), and teacher education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0233DOI Listing

Sex Differences in the Association between Household Chaos and Body Mass Index z-Score in Low-Income Toddlers.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 6;16(4):265-273. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Associations between household chaos and childhood overweight have been identified, but the mechanisms of association are not clearly established in young children, with some studies linking higher chaos to increased obesity risk, whereas other studies link higher chaos to lower obesity risk. Given the lack of consistent findings and early sex differences in vulnerability to chaos, we examined child sex as a moderator of the chaos-child overweight association. We also tested these associations with self-regulation, as self-regulation has been implicated in understanding the chaos-obesity risk association in low-income toddlers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262641PMC

Alarming Trends in Severe Obesity in Chinese Children from 1991 to 2015.

Child Obes 2020 Jun 5;16(4):244-249. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Systems, Populations and Leadership, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Little information is available on the trends in severe pediatric obesity in China. Therefore, we aimed to examine the trends in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in Chinese children from 1991 to 2015. Overall, 17,004 children aged 6-17 years were included in this study, which was based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262639PMC

School Gardening Activities Aimed at Obesity Prevention Improve Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference Parameters in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 24;16(3):154-173. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences (DIBINEM), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Childhood obesity, due to its increasing prevalence, is one of the most challenging problems in public health and prevention. Recent strategies have been implemented to tackle this trend, including school gardening projects. This systematic review analyzes the main elements of school gardening with a specific meta-analysis about its impact on anthropometric parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0253DOI Listing

Response to: Comment About Statistical Analysis of a Cluster-Randomized Trial About Clustering and Nesting (DOI: 10.1089/chi.2019.0142).

Child Obes 2020 Mar;16(2):67-69

Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Functional Nutrition, Oxidation, and Cardiovascular Diseases Group (NFOC-Salut), Health Education and Promotion, Reus, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0265DOI Listing

Metformin Therapy Reduces Obesity Indices in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 18;16(3):174-191. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Students' Scientific Research Center, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Few studies have summarized findings for the effect of metformin on obesity indices. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effect of metformin on obesity indices among children and adolescents. Relevant articles published up to September 2018 were searched in SCOPUS, Medline, and Google Scholar using appropriate keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0040DOI Listing

Influence of Grandparental Child Care on Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 22;16(3):141-153. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Overseas Chinese College, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China.

This study systematically reviewed the scientific literature on the relationship between grandparental child care and childhood obesity. Keyword/reference search was performed in CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science. Meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the pooled effect of grandparental child care on children's weight outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0246DOI Listing

AFRI_Starting Early Program Impacts on Feeding at Infant 10 Months Age: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 14. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Disparities in obesity-promoting feeding patterns begin in pregnancy and infancy, underscoring the need for early primary prevention in high-risk groups. We sought to determine the impact of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention beginning during pregnancy on maternal infant feeding practices, knowledge, and styles at 10 months in low-income Hispanic families. The Starting Early Program (StEP) randomized controlled trial enrolled pregnant women at a third trimester visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0236DOI Listing
January 2020

Overweight and Obesity in Children Are Associated with an Abundance of Firmicutes and Reduction of Bifidobacterium in Their Gastrointestinal Microbiota.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 14;16(3):204-210. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Pre-Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.

Obesity in children continues to be a global epidemic. Given the recent focus on the potential role gut microbiota play in the development of obesity and the continuous rise of obesity in childhood worldwide, it has become necessary that the association between gut microbes and weight is explored in previously unexplored regions such as the Caribbean island of Trinidad. As such, our objective was to characterize the composition of the gut microbiota in children with obesity/overweight and children of normal weight to determine if there are any gut microbes associated with overweight and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0280DOI Listing

: Testing a Scalable Weight Control Intervention for Adolescents.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 18;16(3):192-203. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Center for Obesity Research and Education, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the relative effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention delivered through the YMCA, , with an enhanced version of this program that included on-site supervised group physical activity and opportunities for peer support, in decreasing adolescent weight status. Sixty-six adolescents with BMI >85th percentile and absolute BMI <50 were randomly assigned to the or the program. Teens in both conditions attended 16 weekly, in-person group sessions, followed by four biweekly and four monthly maintenance sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7099421PMC

Family Encouragement of Healthy Eating Predicts Child Dietary Intake and Weight Loss in Family-Based Behavioral Weight-Loss Treatment.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 12;16(3):218-225. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

Social support for healthy eating can influence child eating behaviors; however, little is known about the impact of social support during family-based behavioral weight-loss treatment (FBT). This study aimed to determine the impacts of both baseline and change in family support on change in child diet and weight during FBT. Children ( = 175; BMI percentile ≥85th; ages 7-11; 61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7099423PMC

Longitudinal Assessment of Sleep Trajectories during Early Childhood and Their Association with Obesity.

Child Obes 2020 Apr 21;16(3):211-217. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO.

To identify longitudinal sleep trajectories in early childhood and examine the influence of sleep duration on obesity risk via BMI percentile (BMIp). Sleep, physical activity, and television viewing were measured in a cohort of 301 children, starting in 2001-2002, when children were 3 years and followed them through age 6. Nighttime sleep, daytime naps, and sleep duration were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7099424PMC

Dietary Patterns and Childhood Obesity Risk: A Systematic Review.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 19;16(2):70-85. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Post-Graduate Program in Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.

Childhood overweight and obesity are recognized as predictors of the risk of obesity in adulthood. The aim of this systematic literature review was to determine the association between dietary pattern and obesity risk among children. Articles were selected from databases (Cochrane Library, Lilacs, Eric, Livivo, and PubMed/Medline), without limitations regarding language or date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0059DOI Listing

Sleep during Infancy and Associations with Childhood Body Composition: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 20;16(2):94-116. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Prevention of childhood overweight should start as early as possible preferably in "the first 1000 days of life." Sleep is one of the modifiable health behaviors during this age period, besides dietary intake and physical activity. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the existing literature regarding the association between sleep during infancy (age ≤24 months) and body composition measures during childhood (age ≤12 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0123DOI Listing

Parent Food-Related Behaviors and Family-Based Dietary and Activity Environments: Associations with BMI z-Scores in Low-Income Preschoolers.

Child Obes 2019 Nov 4. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA.

In early childhood, the family dietary and activity environment and parent food-related practices have been found to be important predictors of children's weight. However, few studies account for both of these factors, or the interaction between the 2, when assessing BMI in early childhood. This study aims to examine the association between the family-based dietary and activity environment (including intake, physical activity, and structure) and children's BMI z-scores in the context of parent food-related behaviors in low-income families during the preschool years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0105DOI Listing
November 2019

Parent-Reported Personality and Weight Transitions across Adolescence.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 29;16(2):117-121. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Geriatrics, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, FL.

Adolescence is a critical transition point for body weight. Personality traits are associated consistently with weight and obesity risk in adulthood. We examined whether personality, particularly Conscientiousness (the tendency to be organized, disciplined, and responsible), is associated with weight outcomes between ages 13 and 17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047089PMC

Economic Growth and Weight of Children and Adolescents in Urban Areas: A Panel Data Analysis on Twenty-Seven Provinces in China, 1985-2014.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 17;16(2):86-93. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Sport Science, College of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

With the rapid economy development of China, the overweight and obesity rates of school-age children and adolescents in China have been on the rise. The purpose of this study is to explore how powerful an influence economic growth has on the weight of children and adolescents and examine the relationship between China's macroeconomic development and weight of children and adolescents in the past 30 years using provincial panel data collected from more than 1 million children and adolescents. Panel data from seven longitudinal surveys (1985, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2014) of the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health, which include students, ages 7-22 years, from 27 provinces, were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0151DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Acceptability of Hospital-Based Pediatric Weight Management Services among Patients and Families: A Narrative Synthesis.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 17;16(2):129-140. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Weight Management Services, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, Australia.

High rates of attrition from pediatric weight management services are well documented in the literature; however, studies reporting on acceptability of "real-world" services have not previously been reviewed. This narrative synthesis aimed to summarize quantitative and qualitative research reporting on satisfaction of families who attended a secondary or tertiary pediatric weight management service. Electronic databases were searched for studies of family and/or patient satisfaction with hospital-based pediatric weight management services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0146DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Let's Not Just Dismiss the WW Kurbo App.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 16;16(1):1-2. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Massachusetts General Hospital for Children and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0222DOI Listing
January 2020

Early Child Care and Weight Status in a Cohort of Predominantly Black Infants in the Southeastern United States.

Child Obes 2020 Mar 16;16(2):122-128. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Previous studies show inconsistent relations between child care and obesity, but few assessed longitudinal associations during infancy and even fewer included racially diverse children. We examined associations of time infants spent in child care, both overall and in different types of care, with weight status at 6 and 12 months. We examined 664 infants living in central North Carolina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047092PMC

National Growth Charts for BMI among Iranian Children and Adolescents in Comparison with the WHO and CDC Curves.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 10;16(1):34-43. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Previous attempts to create national BMI curves for Iranian children and adolescents were limited to local databases. The objective of this study was to build national BMI growth charts for children and adolescents and to report the key percentiles and national cutoff points based on the data obtained from all provinces of Iran. We also aimed to compare our BMI curves to WHO and CDC curves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0107DOI Listing
January 2020
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Association of Ancestral Genetic Admixture and Excess Weight at Twelve Months of Age.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 9;16(1):59-64. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Inova Translational Medicine Institute, Falls Church, VA.

Understanding the influence of genetically determined ancestry may give insight into the disparities of obesity seen in different ethnic groups beginning at a very early age. To investigate the relationship between children's ancestral genetic proportions and excess weight at 12 months of age. Eight hundred twenty-one 12-month-old children were included in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0055DOI Listing
January 2020
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Providing Mothers with a Pedometer and Subsequent Effect on the Physical Activity of Their Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Children with Obesity.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 2;16(1):20-25. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

Region Västra Götaland Närhälsan, Research and Development Primary Health Care, Research and Development Center Södra Älvsborg, Borås, Sweden.

Obesity continues to rise, particularly among children, and is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. Physical activity may reduce weight and increase well-being. A pedometer study from the United States, Australia, and Sweden showed that boys need to walk 15,000 steps/day, and girls 12,000 steps/day to maintain a healthy profile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0078DOI Listing
January 2020
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Examining Mexican-Heritage Mothers' Perceptions of Their Children's Weight: Comparison of Silhouette and Categorical Survey Methods.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 26;16(1):44-52. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

School of Public Health, Institute for Behavioral and Community Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Failure to recognize children's overweight status by parents may contribute to children's risk for obesity. We examined two methods of measuring mothers' perceptions of children's weight and factors associated with weight perception inaccuracy. Cross-sectional analyses of clinical and self-report data from 287 Mexican-heritage mother-child dyads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6931916PMC
January 2020
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Salivary Alpha-Amylase Mediates the Increase in Hunger Levels in Adolescents with Excess Weight after Viewing Food Images.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 23;16(1):53-58. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain.

Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) initiates the digestion process in the mouth and its levels might influence feelings of hunger and the propensity toward obesity. This study aims to evaluate basal differences in sAA between adolescents with excess weight (EW) and normal weight (NW), and the associations between sAA levels and feelings of hunger after viewing food images. Adolescents (13-18 years old) classified as EW ( = 30) or NW ( = 30) participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0133DOI Listing
January 2020

Association between Early Maternal Depression and Child Growth: A Group-Based Trajectory Modeling Analysis.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 4;16(1):26-33. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Boston College, School of Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA.

Childhood overweight and obesity have become a primary social and public health concern. Over the past 30 years, rates of childhood overweight and obesity in the United States have increased dramatically from 6% to 35%. A potential risk factor of interest is maternal depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0121DOI Listing
January 2020

Impact of Parent Engagement in Childhood Obesity Prevention Interventions on Anthropometric Indices among Preschool Children: A Systematic Review.

Child Obes 2020 Jan 3;16(1):3-19. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Clinical Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Home environment, modeling of weight-related behaviors, and general parenting style are very important predictors of obesity in children. The effect of parent engagement in prevention of obesity in children is not clear. The main objective of this systematic review was to address the effects of parent engagement in obesity prevention interventions on anthropometric changes among preschool children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0103DOI Listing
January 2020

Universal School-Based Intervention Does Not Reduce Socioeconomic Inequalities in Weight Status among Adolescents.

Child Obes 2019 12 26;15(8):532-540. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

University of Lorraine, APEMAC, Team MICS, Nancy, France.

Differences in weight status by socioeconomic position occur during adolescence and is known as weight social gradient (WSG). The PRALIMAP (Promotion de l'ALIMentation et de l'Activité Physique) trial highlighted that a universal intervention was effective in reducing overweight and obesity prevalence among adolescents. However, its ability to reduce the WSG is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0042DOI Listing
December 2019
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