6,657 results match your criteria Childhood Cancer Epidemiology


Predictors of residential mobility and its impact on air pollution exposure among children diagnosed with early childhood leukemia.

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, Southwest Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health, 1200 Pressler Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Epidemiology studies relying on one address to assign exposures over time share common methodological limitations in failing to account for mobility that may introduce potential exposure misclassification. Using Texas birth certificate and cancer registry data, we identified predictors of residential mobility among mothers of children diagnosed with early childhood leukemia in Texas from 1995 to 2011. We used U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41370-019-0126-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Is there etiologic heterogeneity between subtypes of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia? A review of variation in risk by subtype.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of Minnesota

While substantial advances in the identification of cytogenomic subtypes of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been made in recent decades, epidemiologic research characterizing the etiologic heterogeneity of ALL by subtype has not kept pace. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current literature concerning subtype-specific epidemiologic risk factor associations with ALL subtype defined by immunophenotype (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-18-0801DOI Listing
February 2019

Hyperthyroidism Following Radiation Therapy for Childhood Cancer: A Report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: The association of hyperthyroidism with exposure to ionizing radiation is poorly understood. This study addresses the risk of hyperthyroidism in relation to incidental therapeutic radiation dose to the thyroid and pituitary glands in a large cohort of survivors of childhood cancer.

Methods: Utilizing the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, a cohort of five-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed at hospitals in the United States and Canada between 1970 and 1986, the occurrence of hyperthyroidism through 2009 was ascertained among 12,183 survivors based on serial questionnaires. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03603016193020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pediatric Cardio-Oncology: Epidemiology, Screening, Prevention, and Treatment.

Cardiovasc Res 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

With five-year survival of children with cancer exceeding 80% in developed countries, premature cardiovascular disease is now a major cause of early morbidity and mortality. In addition to the acute and chronic cardiotoxic effects of anthracyclines, related chemotherapeutics, and radiation, a growing number of new molecular targeted agents may also have detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. Survivors of childhood cancer also may have earlier development of conventional cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, which further increase their risk of serious cardiovascular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvz031DOI Listing
February 2019

Medulloblastoma.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2019 Feb 14;5(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Hopp Children's Cancer Center Heidelberg (KiTZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Medulloblastoma (MB) comprises a biologically heterogeneous group of embryonal tumours of the cerebellum. Four subgroups of MB have been described (WNT, sonic hedgehog (SHH), Group 3 and Group 4), each of which is associated with different genetic alterations, age at onset and prognosis. These subgroups have broadly been incorporated into the WHO classification of central nervous system tumours but still need to be accounted for to appropriately tailor disease risk to therapy intensity and to target therapy to disease biology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41572-019-0063-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Childhood leukemia, late effects, and a person-centric model of follow-up.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djz018DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-term risk of hospitalization among five-year survivors of childhood leukemia in the Nordic countries.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Adverse effects from childhood leukemia treatment may persist or present years after cure from cancer. We provide a comprehensive evaluation of subsequent hospitalization in five-year survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

Methods: In the Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) study we identified 4,003 five-year survivors diagnosed with childhood leukemia 1970-2008 in Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, and Finland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djz016DOI Listing
February 2019
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Body shape trajectories and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: The sun study.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

University of Navarra, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine-Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red Area de Fisiologia de la Obesidad y la Nutricion (CIBEROBN), Madrid, Spain; IdiSNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, Pamplona, Spain; Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Aims: Our aim was to assess the association between trajectories of body-shape across the first 40 years of life and subsequent development of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort.

Methods And Results: We used a group-based modeling approach to assess body shape trajectories from age 5 to 40 years, among 7514 participants included in the SUN study (1999-2016), and assessed the subsequent incidence of hypertension. To create the trajectories, we used a censored normal model as a polynomial function of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018

Incidence of childhood CNS tumours in Britain and variation in rates by definition of malignant behaviour: population-based study.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 11;19(1):139. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK.

Background: Intracranial and intraspinal tumours are the most numerous solid tumours in children. Some recently defined subtypes are relatively frequent in childhood. Many cancer registries routinely ascertain CNS tumours of all behaviours, while others only cover malignant neoplasms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5344-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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Exploring a potential mechanistic role of DNA methylation in the relationship between in utero and post-natal environmental exposures and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Int J Cancer 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, U.K.

The aetiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is unclear. Genetic abnormalities have been identified in a number of ALL cases, although these alone are not sufficient for leukaemic transformation. Various in utero and post-natal environmental exposures have been suggested to alter risk of childhood ALL. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ijc.32203
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32203DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Communicating "cure" to pediatric oncology patients: A mixed-methods study.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Feb 7:e27661. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Uncertainty about cure puts childhood cancer survivors at risk of mental distress. We asked survivors if they had been told they had been cured and investigated associated factors.

Procedure: We used nationwide registry data and a questionnaire survey for ≥five-year survivors of childhood cancer (n = 301), followed by online focus groups with a purposive sample of Swiss pediatric oncologists (n = 17). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27661DOI Listing
February 2019
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Epidemiology, outcome, targeted agents and immunotherapy in adolescent and young adult non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma.

Br J Haematol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Pädiatrische Hämatologie und Onkologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen and Medical Faculty of the Martin-Luther University of Halle, Germany.

The epidemiology, outcome and targeted immunotherapy in adolescent and young adult non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma were discussed during the 6th International Symposium on Childhood, Adolescent and Young Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma September 26th-29th 2018 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. This review summarizes some of those presentations, as well as other current and novel antibody therapy, immune check-point inhibitors, chimeric antigen receptor T cells, cancer vaccines and cytotoxic T lymphocyte therapy. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjh.15789
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15789DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

CVID-Associated Tumors: Czech Nationwide Study Focused on Epidemiology, Immunology, and Genetic Background in a Cohort of Patients With CVID.

Front Immunol 2018 22;9:3135. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Immunology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czechia.

Common variable immunodeficiency disorder (CVID) is one of the most frequent inborn errors of immunity, increased occurrence of malignancies, particularly lymphomas, and gastric cancers, has long been noted among CVID patients. Multifactorial etiology, including immune dysregulation, infections, chronic inflammation, or genetic background, is suggested to contribute to tumor development. Here, we present the results of the first Czech nationwide study focused on epidemiology, immunology and genetic background in a cohort of CVID patients who also developed tumors The cohort consisted of 295 CVID patients followed for 3,070 patient/years. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03135
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349737PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Age at adiposity rebound in childhood is associated with PCOS diagnosis and obesity in adulthood-longitudinal analysis of BMI data from birth to age 46 in cases of PCOS.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, PEDEGO Research Unit, Medical Research Center, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Adiposity rebound (AR), the second BMI rise in childhood at around the age of 6 years, is associated with obesity and metabolic alteration in later life. Given that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a strong metabolic component, early life growth patterns could reveal a risk of PCOS. Thus, we aimed to investigate the associations between age at AR and PCOS diagnosis and BMI later in life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41366-019-0318-zDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Volume effect in paediatric brain tumour resection surgery: analysis of data from the Japanese national inpatient database.

Eur J Cancer 2019 Feb 1;109:111-119. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Health Policy and Informatics, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Paediatric brain tumours are the second most common type of malignancies that occur during childhood. Surgical resection is usually the first step in the treatment of these patients; however, evidence pertaining to a 'volume effect' in paediatric brain tumour resection surgery and the associations among the surgical volume, clinical features and treatments are not well characterised.

Methods: Data pertaining to paediatric patients (age ≤ 15 years) who underwent brain tumour resection surgery between April 2012 and March 2016 were retrieved from the Japanese administrative inpatient database and retrospectively analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.12.030DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Long-term survivors of childhood, adolescent and young adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Br J Haematol 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.

Progress in overall survival rates for childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) can be largely attributed to effective development and conduct of a number of international treatment studies. Knowledge gained from these studies has shifted the treatment paradigm from a "one-size fits all" strategy to a histologically dependent approach. More specifically, many now adhere to a risk-stratified approach, prescribing cumulative doses and intensities of chemotherapeutic exposures based upon the aggressiveness of disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15775DOI Listing
February 2019
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Incidence and survival of central nervous system tumors in childhood and adolescence in Girona (Spain) 1990-2013: national and international comparisons.

Clin Transl Oncol 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Descriptive Epidemiology, Genetics and Cancer Prevention Group, Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBGI), Girona, Spain.

Introduction: Pediatric central nervous system tumors are one of the most frequent types of neoplasms in children but epidemiological data on these tumors have been sparsely reported in the medical literature.

Materials And Methods: We analyze the epidemiology of this type of tumors performing a retrospective population-based study in pediatrics and adolescent age in the population of Girona and compare them with series from Spain, Europe and worldwide. Cases were registered using the International Classification of Disease for Oncology, third edition and grouping according the International Classification of Childhood Cancer, third edition (ICCC-3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-019-02043-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Childhood Cancer in Rhode Island.

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):46-49. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

associate professor at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and an attending physician at Hasbro Children's Hospital.

The incidence rate of childhood cancer is increasing in the United States. We sought to describe the epidemiology of childhood cancer in the state of Rhode Island. Data from the Rhode Island Cancer Registry was reviewed to assess incidence and trends in childhood cancer for individuals age 0-19 years from 1995-2015. Read More

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February 2019

Kaposi sarcoma.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2019 Jan 31;5(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Leidos Biomedical Research, AIDS and Cancer Virus Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD, USA.

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) gained public attention as an AIDS-defining malignancy; its appearance on the skin was a highly stigmatizing sign of HIV infection during the height of the AIDS epidemic. The widespread introduction of effective antiretrovirals to control HIV by restoring immunocompetence reduced the prevalence of AIDS-related KS, although KS does occur in individuals with well-controlled HIV infection. KS also presents in individuals without HIV infection in older men (classic KS), in sub-Saharan Africa (endemic KS) and in transplant recipients (iatrogenic KS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41572-019-0060-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Derivation of Anthracycline and Anthraquinone Equivalence Ratios to Doxorubicin for Late-Onset Cardiotoxicity.

JAMA Oncol 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington.

Importance: Anthracyclines are part of many effective pediatric cancer treatment protocols. Most pediatric oncology treatment groups assume that the hematologic toxicity of anthracycline agents is equivalent to their cardiotoxicity; for example, Children's Oncology Group substitution rules consider daunorubicin and epirubicin isoequivalent to doxorubicin, whereas mitoxantrone and idarubicin are considered 4 to 5 times as toxic as doxorubicin.

Objective: To determine optimal dose equivalence ratios for late-onset cardiomyopathy between doxorubicin and other anthracyclines or the anthraquinone mitoxantrone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.6634DOI Listing
January 2019
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Participatory development and pilot testing of iChoose: an adaptation of an evidence-based paediatric weight management program for community implementation.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 29;19(1):122. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 986075 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198-6075, USA.

Background: To describe the identification, adaptation, and testing of an evidence-based pediatric weight management program for a health disparate community.

Methods: A community advisory board (CAB) of decision-makers and staff from local health care, public health, and recreation organizations engaged with academic partners to select an evidence-based program (EBP) for local implementation. Three EBPs were identified (Traffic Light, Bright Bodies, Golan and colleagues Home Environmental Model) and each EBP was rated on program characteristics, implementation and adaptation, and adoptability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6450-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352451PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Chronic fatigue and associated factors among long-term survivors of cancers in young adulthood.

Acta Oncol 2019 Jan 30:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

a National Advisory Unit on Late Effects after Cancer Treatment, Department of Oncology , Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , Norway.

Background: Chronic fatigue (CF) is scarcely explored among young adult cancer survivors (YACSs), and more knowledge is needed to develop targeted interventions for YACSs with CF. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of CF and associated factors in YACSs. Also, the change of fatigue with time was explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2018.1557344DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Hypothalamic-pituitary function following childhood brain tumors: Analysis of prospective annual endocrine screening.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Jan 28:e27631. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Divisions of Pediatric Endocrinology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: Outcomes for childhood brain tumors are now associated with a five-year survival rate of 75%. Endocrine effects of brain tumors are common, occurring in 43% of patients by 10 years from tumor diagnosis. Optimal timing of screening for endocrinopathies remains undefined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27631DOI Listing
January 2019

Uterine function, pregnancy complications, and pregnancy outcomes among female childhood cancer survivors.

Fertil Steril 2019 Feb;111(2):372-380

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate whether abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy for childhood cancer impairs uterine function and increases the risk of pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Design: Nested cohort study.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.10.016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Growth hormone deficiency and neurocognitive function in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Cancer 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.

Background: The impact of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) on neurocognitive function is poorly understood in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This study examined the contribution of GHD to functional outcomes while adjusting for cranial radiation therapy (CRT).

Methods: Adult survivors of ALL (N = 571; 49% female; mean age, 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.31975DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Predictors of Response Outcomes for Research Recruitment Through a Central Cancer Registry: Evidence From 17 Population-Based Studies.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

When recruiting research participants through central cancer registries, high response fractions help ensure population-based representation. Using data from 17 recruitment efforts undertaken by the Utah Cancer Registry from 2007 to 2016, we conducted multivariable mixed effects logistic regression to identify case and study characteristics associated with making contact and obtaining cooperation of Utah cancer cases for the following studies: A Population-Based Childhood Cancer Survivor Cohort Study in Utah, Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of Surgery and Radiation for Prostate Cancer (CEASAR Study), Costs and Benefits of Follow-up Care for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers, Genetic Analysis of Digestive Cancers, Genetic Epidemiology of Breast Cancer, Genetic Epidemiology of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Genetic Epidemiology of Multiple Myeloma, Head and Neck Cancer Susceptibility Genes, Impact of Remote Familial Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment and Counseling (Family CARE Project), Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (MTC) Surveillance Study Osteosarcoma Surveillance Study, the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study, Risk Education & Assessment for Cancer Heredity Project (REACH Project), and the Utah Cancer Survivors Study. Characteristics associated with lower odds of contact included Hispanic ethnicity (Odds Ratio [OR] = 0. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/aje/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aje
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz011DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Neonatal phototherapy and future risk of childhood cancer.

Int J Cancer 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

We sought to determine if neonatal phototherapy is associated with a greater risk of childhood cancer. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 786,998 infants born in hospitals of Quebec, Canada between 2006 and 2016, with 4,660,868 person-years of follow-up over an 11-year period. The exposures were neonatal phototherapy (32,314 or 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32158DOI Listing
January 2019

Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Presence of Cancer Risk Factors in Adulthood: A Scoping Review of the Literature From 2005 to 2015.

J Pediatr Nurs 2019 Jan - Feb;44:81-96. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Exposure to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) is associated with a host of harmful outcomes, including increased risk for cancer. A scoping review was conducted to gain a better understanding of how ACEs have been studied in association with risk factors for cancer. This review includes 155 quantitative, peer-reviewed articles published between 2005 and 2015 that examined associations between ACEs and modifiable cancer risk factors, including alcohol, environmental carcinogens, chronic inflammation, sex hormones, immunosuppression, infectious agents, obesity, radiation, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and tobacco, among U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2018.10.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355255PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Differentially methylated DNA regions in early childhood wheezing: an epigenome-wide study using saliva.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin Centro di Ricerca in Medicina Sperimentale (CeRMS) and CPO Piemonte, Turin, Italy.

Background: Epigenetics may play a role in wheezing and asthma development. We aimed to examine infant saliva DNA methylation in association with early childhood wheezing.

Methods: A case-control study was nested within the NINFEA birth cohort with 68 cases matched to 68 controls by sex, age (between 6 and 18 months, median: 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13023DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Association between maternal education and survival after childhood cancer.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Jan 24:e27616. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Childhood Cancer Registry of Piedmont, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: Several nonbiological factors, including socioeconomic status indicators and other family characteristics, influence survival from childhood cancers. Our study explores the association between parental education and childhood cancer survival.

Methods: The specialized Childhood Cancer Registry of the Piedmont region in Italy provided data on all the cases (aged 0-14) diagnosed with cancer in the period 1976-2011 who resided in the city of Turin (capital of the Piedmont region) at least once since 1971. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27616DOI Listing
January 2019
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Author Correction: Genome-wide association study identifies susceptibility loci for B-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Nat Commun 2019 01 21;10(1):419. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Division of Genetics and Epidemiology, The Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5NG, UK.

The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of a member of the PRACTICAL Consortium, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, which was incorrectly given as Manuela Gago Dominguez. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article. Furthermore, in the original HTML version of this Article, the order of authors within the author list was incorrect. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-08106-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08106-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341085PMC
January 2019
6 Reads
10.742 Impact Factor

Prevalence of Clostridium difficile Infections Among Kenyan Children with Diarrhea.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

University of Texas Health Science Center, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, Center for Infectious Diseases, Houston, Texas, USA; MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Program, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diarrhea causes significant morbidity and mortality among children worldwide. Regions most affected by diarrhea are the sub-Saharan African and Southeast Asia, where antibiotics are in common use and can make children more vulnerable to Clostridium difficile and pathogens which are not affected by these drugs. Indeed, Clostridium difficile is a major diarrhea-associated pathogen and poses a significant threat to vulnerable and immunocompromised populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.01.024DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The cancer incidence and mortality among children and adolescents during the period of 2010-2014 in Henan Province, China.

Cancer Med 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Epidemiology, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University/Henan Provincial Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.

Objective: The cancer etiology in children and adolescents is largely different with that in adults, and the description in epidemiology still remains deficiency. Therefore, we described the cancer incidence and related epidemiological features in children and adolescents to provide clues for etiological studies.

Methods: Cancer incidence stratified by age, gender, and areas was calculated using data extracted from population-based cancer registries in Henan Province, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.1952DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Predicting cardiometabolic markers in children using tri-ponderal mass index: a cross-sectional study.

Arch Dis Child 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Objective: To model the development of the tri-ponderal mass index (TMI, kg/m) throughout childhood and adolescence and to compare the utility of the TMI with that of the body mass index (BMI, kg/m) to predict cardiometabolic risk in a population-based sample of Canadian children and youth.

Methods: We used data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey to model TMI from 6 to 19 years of age. Percentile curves were developed using the LMS method. Read More

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http://adc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2018-3160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316028DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Title: efficacy of a food parenting intervention for mothers with low income to reduce preschooler's solid fat and added sugar intakes: a randomized controlled trial.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2019 Jan 17;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Providence Health and Services, Center for Outcomes Research & Education, 5251 NE Gilsan Street, Bldg A, Portland, OR, 97213, USA.

Background: Few interventions have shown efficacy to influence key energy balance behaviors during the preschool years.

Objective: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was used to evaluate the efficacy of Food, Fun, and Families (FFF), a 12 week authoritative food parenting intervention for mothers with low-income levels, to reduce preschool-aged children's intake of calories from solid fat and added sugar (SoFAS).

Methods: Mothers were randomly assigned to receive FFF (n = 59) or to a delayed treatment control (n = 60). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-018-0764-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335764PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Circulating microRNAs are associated with early childhood obesity: results of the I.Family Study.

Genes Nutr 2019 9;14. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

1Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, ISA-CNR, Via Roma, 64 83100 Avellino, Italy.

Background: Nearly 10 years ago, the World Health Organization reported the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity worldwide as a challenge for public health due to the associated adverse consequences. Epidemiological studies established a firm relationship between an elevated body mass index and chronic conditions such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, heart disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and some types of cancer. Omic studies demonstrated that microRNA (miRNA) profile changes in tissues correlate with a number of diseases, including obesity. Read More

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https://genesandnutrition.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12263-018-0622-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327413PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Fluctuations in dietary intake during treatment for childhood leukemia: A report from the DALLT cohort.

Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute and University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY, United States.

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common pediatric malignancy. Nutritional morbidities are a persistent problem facing pediatric patients during and after treatment and age-gender groups that are at risk for nutritional conditions have not been clearly identified. Therapy is a contributing factor; however, the role of dietary intake remains largely unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Brain and Salivary Gland Tumors and Mobile Phone Use: Evaluating the Evidence from Various Epidemiological Study Designs.

Annu Rev Public Health 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Mobile phones (MPs) are the most relevant source of radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure to the brain and the salivary gland. Whether this exposure implies a cancer risk has been addressed in several case-control and few cohort studies. A meta-analysis of these studies does not show increased risks for meningioma, pituitary, and salivary gland tumors. Read More

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https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-publhealth
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-044037DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Reply to Perceptions of future health and cancer risk in adult survivors of childhood cancer: Implications for engagement in follow-up care.

Cancer 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cncr.31933
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.31933DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Maternal gestational diabetes is associated with offspring's hypertension.

Am J Hypertens 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA.

Objective: Several studies assessed maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with the risk of childhood high blood pressure, and the results were inconsistent. We investigated the association between maternal GDM and high blood pressure risk in offspring during early childhood.

Methods: We performed a large study in 1156 mother-child pairs (578 GDM and 578 non-GDM matched by their offspring's age and sex). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz005DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads
2.852 Impact Factor

Response-guided chemotherapy for pediatric acute myeloid leukemia without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in first complete remission: Results from protocol DB AML-01.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Jan 8:e27605. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Dutch Childhood Oncology Group (DCOG), The Hague, the Netherlands.

Background: Children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have a 70% survival rate with treatment regimens containing high doses of cytarabine and anthracyclines and, in some, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).

Procedure: In this multicenter Dutch-Belgian protocol (DB AML-01), 112 children with de novo AML were included. Treatment was stratified according to day 15 bone marrow response after the first induction course. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/pbc.27605
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27605DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Childhood cancer burden: a review of global estimates.

Lancet Oncol 2019 Jan;20(1):e42-e53

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

5-year net survival of children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer is approximately 80% in many high-income countries. This estimate is encouraging as it shows the substantial progress that has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer. Unfortunately, scarce data are available for low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where nearly 90% of children with cancer reside, suggesting that global survival estimates are substantially worse in these regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30761-7DOI Listing
January 2019
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Recommendations for ototoxicity surveillance for childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors: a report from the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group in collaboration with the PanCare Consortium.

Lancet Oncol 2019 Jan;20(1):e29-e41

Institute for Cancer Outcomes and Survivorship, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, AL, USA. Electronic address:

Childhood, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) cancer survivors treated with platinum-based drugs, head or brain radiotherapy, or both have an increased risk of ototoxicity (hearing loss, tinnitus, or both). To ensure optimal care and reduce consequent problems-such as speech and language, social-emotional development, and learning difficulties-for these CAYA cancer survivors, clinical practice guidelines for monitoring ototoxicity are essential. The implementation of surveillance across clinical settings is hindered by differences in definitions of hearing loss, recommendations for surveillance modalities, and remediation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14702045183085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30858-1DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Patterns, treatments, and outcomes of pediatric central nervous system tumors in Sudan: a single institution experience.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Global Pediatric Medicine, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.

Purpose: Studies of epidemiology, treatment modalities, and outcomes of childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors in Sudan are scarce. To address this shortcoming, we evaluated baseline information about the epidemiology, treatment types, and outcomes of childhood CNS tumors at the National Cancer Institute, University of Gezira (NCI-UG) in Wad Madani, Sudan.

Methods: We performed a retrospective health facility-based study of children with CNS tumors who were treated at the NCI-UG from January 2000 to December 2015. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-04032-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-04032-9DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Determinants of survival of common childhood cancers in Iran.

J Res Med Sci 2018 28;23:101. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cancer is the second most common cause of morbidity and mortality in children. This study aimed to epidemiologically and demographically assess common cancers in children in Iran.

Materials And Methods: This cohort study was conducted on children registered in Mahak Hospital and Rehabilitation Complex (which is a non-governmental organizations (NGO)-related hospital for only malignant diseases). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jrms.JRMS_835_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282777PMC
November 2018
0.608 Impact Factor

Risk and Temporal Changes of Heart Failure Among 5-Year Childhood Cancer Survivors: a DCOG-LATER Study.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 Jan;8(1):e009122

1 Department of Pediatric Oncology Emma Children's Hospital Amsterdam UMC University of Amsterdam The Netherlands.

Background Heart failure is one of the most important late effects after treatment for cancer in childhood. The goals of this study were to evaluate the risk of heart failure, temporal changes by treatment periods, and the risk factors for heart failure in childhood cancer survivors ( CCS ). Methods and Results The DCOG-LATER (Dutch Childhood Oncology Group-Long-Term Effects After Childhood Cancer) cohort includes 6,165 5-year CCS diagnosed between 1963 and 2002. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.009122DOI Listing
January 2019

Impact of changes in human reproduction on the incidence of endocrine-related diseases.

Crit Rev Toxicol 2018 Oct 27;48(9):789-795. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

a CAPHRI Research Institute and Department of Complex Genetics , Maastricht University , Maastricht , The Netherlands.

The incidence rates of a wide range of diseases and conditions have increased over the last decades. There is controversy over the origin of these increases, whether they are caused by exposure to compounds thought to have an effect on the endocrine system, the "endocrine disruption theory", or whether some other factor is responsible. In this analysis, the authors take a closer look at the role that changes in reproductive factors have played in this respect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408444.2018.1541073DOI Listing
October 2018
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Socioeconomic position during pregnancy and DNA methylation signatures at three stages across early life: epigenome-wide association studies in the ALSPAC birth cohort.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Socioeconomic experiences are recognized determinants of health, and recent work has shown that social disadvantages in early life may induce sustained biological changes at molecular level that are detectable later in life. However, the dynamics and persistence of biological embedding of socioeconomic position (SEP) remains vastly unexplored.

Methods: Using the data from the ALSPAC birth cohort, we performed epigenome-wide association studies of DNA methylation changes at three life stages (birth, n = 914; childhood at mean age 7. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ije
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy259DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads