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    436 results match your criteria Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health [Journal]

    1 OF 9

    Effectiveness of the BOOST-A™ online transition planning program for adolescents on the autism spectrum: a quasi-randomized controlled trial.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 10;11:54. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Background: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. Read More

    A multi-national comparison of antipsychotic drug use in children and adolescents, 2005-2012.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 11;11:55. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Over the last decades, an increase in antipsychotic (AP) prescribing and a shift from first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) to second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) among youth have been reported. However, most AP prescriptions for youth are off-label, and there are worrying long-term safety data in youth. The objective of this study was to assess multinational trends in AP use among children and adolescents. Read More

    Low mood in a sample of 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients: a cross-sectional study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:50. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Children's Hospital, Child Psychiatry, Tukholmankatu 8 C 613, 00290 Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients.

    Methods: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. Read More

    Photo-elicitation with adolescents in qualitative research: an example of its use in exploring family interactions in adolescent psychiatry.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:49. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Adolescent, Argenteuil Hospital Centre, Argenteuil, France.
    Background: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. Read More

    Intense/obsessional interests in children with gender dysphoria: a cross-validation study using the Teacher's Report Form.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 25;11:51. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON Canada.
    Objective: This study assessed whether children clinically referred for gender dysphoria (GD) show symptoms that overlap with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Circumscribed preoccupations/intense interests and repetitive behaviors were considered as overlapping symptoms expressed in both GD and ASD.

    Methods: To assess these constructs, we examined Items 9 and 66 on the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), which measure obsessions and compulsions, respectively. Read More

    Child maltreatment in Germany: prevalence rates in the general population.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:47. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89073 Ulm, Germany.
    Background: Child maltreatment and its consequences are considered a major public health problem. So far, there is only one study from Germany reporting prevalence rates on different types of maltreatment.

    Methods: A representative sample of the German general population was examined for experiences of child maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) between September and November 2016. Read More

    Impediments and catalysts to task-shifting psychotherapeutic interventions for adolescents with PTSD: perspectives of multi-stakeholders.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:48. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Background: This qualitative study was nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where two psychotherapeutic interventions (supportive counselling and prolonged exposure for adolescents) were provided by supervised nurses (who served as 'nurse counsellors') to adolescents with PTSD in school settings. This paper describes the perspectives of nurse counsellors (NCs) and school liaisons (SLs). SLs were teachers or administrative personnel at the schools who coordinated the study visits of participants with the NCs. Read More

    Autism in adult and juvenile delinquents: a literature review.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:45. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Center for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, GGzE, PO Box 909, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: Here we present an overview of the literature on autism in adult and juvenile delinquents. We analyzed both the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in groups of delinquents and the prevalence of offending in people with ASD. There is a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders amongst people in custody, but there is disagreement about the prevalence of ASD in this population. Read More

    Comorbidities and correlates of conduct disorder among male juvenile detainees in South Korea.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 15;11:44. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Psychiatry, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 1342 Dong-il Street, Seoul, 01757 Republic of Korea.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea.

    Methods: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder. Read More

    Socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents: a population-based cohort study in Stockholm, Sweden.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:46. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18a, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm. Read More

    Children's mental health problems and their relation to parental stress in foster mothers and fathers.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:43. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    University of Braunschweig, Institute of Psychology, Humboldtstr. 33, 38106 Brunswick, Germany.
    Background: This study focuses on children living in foster families with a history of maltreatment or neglect. These children often show adverse mental health outcomes reflected in increased externalizing and internalizing problems. It is expected that these adverse outcomes are associated with increased parental stress levels experienced by foster mothers as well as foster fathers. Read More

    Youth in the midst of escalated political violence: sense of coherence and hope among Jewish and Bedouin Arab adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:42. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Conflict Management and Resolution Program, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P. O. Box 653, 84105 Beer-Sheva, Israel.
    Background: During stressful events, individuals (particularly adolescents) from minority groups are often more vulnerable to distress. This claim will be examined in terms of coping resources and stress reactions to escalated political violence. This study aimed to compare coping resources and stress reactions among adolescents from two ethnic groups in southern Israel-Jews and Bedouin Arabs-during a period of escalated political violence (November 2012). Read More

    Co-rumination buffers the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms in early adolescence.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:41. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Center for Health and Medical Psychology, JPS: Psychology, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden.
    Objectives: We examined whether co-rumination with online friends buffered the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms over time in a community sample.

    Methods: In a sample of 526 participants (358 girls; Mage  = 14.05) followed at three time points, we conducted a latent cross-lagged model with social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and co-rumination, controlling for friendship stability and friendship quality, and adding a latent interaction between social anxiety and co-rumination predicting depressive symptoms. Read More

    Mental health literacy in adolescents: ability to recognise problems, helpful interventions and outcomes.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 15;11:38. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    National Dengue Control Unit, Ministry of Health, Public Health Complex, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka.
    Background: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. Read More

    Quality of life in anxious adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 20;11:33. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Uni Research Health/University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Purpose: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719). Read More

    Mortality of young offenders: a national register-based follow-up study of 15- to 19-year-old Finnish delinquents referred for forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 8;11:37. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    School of Medicine, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Background: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. Read More

    Adolescent adaptive behavior profiles in Williams-Beuren syndrome, Down syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 24;11:40. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Neurociências Clínicas (LiNC), Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Edifício de Pesquisas II - UNIFESP, Rua Pedro de Toledo, 669-3° andar fundos, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP Brazil.
    Background: Adaptive behavior can be impaired in different neurodevelopmental disorders and may be influenced by confounding factors, such as intelligence quotient (IQ) and socioeconomic classification. Our main objective was to verify whether adaptive behavior profiles differ in three conditions-Williams Beuren syndrome (WBS), Down syndrome (DS), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as compared with healthy controls (HC) and with each other. Although the literature points towards each disorder having a characteristic profile, no study has compared profiles to establish the specificity of each one. Read More

    Breastfeeding is associated with enhanced learning abilities in school-aged children.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:36. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Armed Forces Capital Hospital, 81 Bun-ji, 177 Bun-gil, Saemail-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Kyunggi-di 13573 Republic of Korea.
    Objective: The majority of studies on the associations between breastfeeding and cognitive functioning have focused on IQ, with only a few investigating learning skills, and none of the latter adjusting for maternal IQ. We examined the association between breastfeeding and learning abilities in school-aged children using a cross-sectional design.

    Methods: We recruited 868 children, aged 8-11 years and parents completed the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES). Read More

    Health risk behavior among chronically ill adolescents: a systematic review of assessment tools.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 17;11:32. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya.
    Background: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents.

    Aims: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Read More

    Quality of life in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression treated with olanzapine/fluoxetine combination.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 12;11:34. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA.
    Background: We examined the efficacy of olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC) in improving health-related quality of life (QoL) in the treatment of bipolar depression in children and adolescents.

    Methods: Patients aged 10-17 years with bipolar I disorder, depressed episode, baseline children's depression rating scale-revised (CDRS-R) total score ≥40, Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score ≤15, and YMRS-item 1 ≤ 2 were randomized to OFC (6/25-12/50 mg/day olanzapine/fluoxetine; n = 170) or placebo (n = 85) for up to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment. Patients and parents completed the revised KINDL questionnaire for measuring health-related QoL in children and adolescents (KINDL-R) at baseline and endpoint. Read More

    Emulsified omega-3 fatty-acids modulate the symptoms of depressive disorder in children and adolescents: a pilot study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 5;11:30. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Institute of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Sasinkova 2, 813 72 Bratislava, Slovakia.
    Background: The prevalence of mood disorders in children is a growing global concern. Omega-3 fatty acids (FA) are emerging as a promising adjuvant therapy for depressive disorder (DD) in paediatric patients. The primary objective of this pilot, single-centre, randomized, double-blind controlled study was to compare the efficacy of an Omega-3 FA fish oil emulsion with a control oil emulsion alongside standard treatment for depressive symptoms in children and adolescents suffering from depressive disorder (DD) and mixed anxiety depressive disorder (MADD). Read More

    Dysfunctional maltreatment-related cognitions in children and adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 25;11:31. Epub 2017 Jun 25.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany.
    Background: Dysfunctional trauma-related cognitions correlate highly with chronic stress. Studies on maltreatment-related cognitions and their predictors in children and adolescents are rare.

    Methods: The study sample consisted of 231 children aged 8-17 years who had experienced maltreatment including domestic violence, emotional abuse, neglect, physical, and sexual abuse. Read More

    A comparative study of the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders in Almajiris and public primary school pupils in Zaria, Northwest Nigeria.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 8;11:29. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Background: 'Almajiris' are children and adolescents sent far away from their homes to study in Islamic schools under the care of Muslim scholars. Over the years, there has been a decline in the capacity of the scholars to cater to these pupils. Consequently, Almajiris spend significant periods of time on the streets begging and carrying out menial jobs to earn a living thereby increasing their risk for physical and mental disorders. Read More

    One-year trajectory analysis for ADHD symptoms and its associated factors in community-based children and adolescents in Taiwan.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 1;11:28. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Several longitudinal studies have shown the partial symptomatic persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in clinic-based samples. However, little is known about the patterns and trajectories of ADHD symptoms in community-based populations.

    Methods: To differentiate developmental trajectories of ADHD symptoms over 1 year, with a four-wave quarterly follow-up in children and adolescents in the community of Taiwan, we conducted this prospective study in 1281 students in grade 3, 5, and 8. Read More

    Acceptance and commitment therapy universal prevention program for adolescents: a feasibility study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 25;11:27. Epub 2017 May 25.
    School of Psychiatry at the University of NSW, Randwick, Australia.
    Background: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14-16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia. Read More

    Differential therapeutic effects of atomoxetine and methylphenidate in childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 12;11:26. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Psychiatry, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, 840 Shijo-cho Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522 Japan.
    Background: The stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and the nonstimulant atomoxetine (ATX) are the most commonly-prescribed pharmacological treatments for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the drug-specific mechanism of action on brain function in ADHD patients is not well known. This study examined differences in prefrontal hemodynamic activity between MPH and ATX in children with ADHD as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) using the Stroop color-word task. Read More

    Infants and the decision to provide ongoing child welfare services.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 1;11:24. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON M6S 3W6 Canada.
    Background: Infants are the most likely recipients of child welfare services; however, little is known about infants and families who come into contact with the child welfare system and factors that are associated with service provision. Investigations involving infants and their families present an unparalleled opportunity for the child welfare sector to enhance infants' safety and well-being through early identification, referral and intervention. Understanding how the child welfare system responds to the unique needs of infants and caregivers is critical to developing appropriate practice and policy responses within the child welfare sector and across other allied sectors. Read More

    The contribution of parent and youth information to identify mental health disorders or problems in adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:23. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, King's College London Institute of Psychology, Psychiatry & Neuroscience, London, UK.
    Background: Discrepancies between multiple informants often create considerable uncertainties in delivering services to youth. The present study assessed the ability of the parent and youth scales of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to predict mental health problems/disorders across several mental health domains as validated against two contrasting indices of validity for psychopathology derived from the Development and Well Being Assessment (DAWBA): (1) an empirically derived computer algorithm and (2) expert based ICD-10 diagnoses.

    Methods: Ordinal and logistic regressions were used to predict any problems/disorders, emotional problems/disorders and behavioural problems/disorders in a community sample (n = 252) and in a clinic sample (n = 95). Read More

    Does parent-child agreement vary based on presenting problems? Results from a UK clinical sample.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:22. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, 12 Maresfield Gardens, London, NW3 5SU UK.
    Background: Discrepancies are often found between child and parent reports of child psychopathology, nevertheless the role of the child's presenting difficulties in relation to these is underexplored. This study investigates whether parent-child agreement on the conduct and emotional scales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) varied as a result of certain child characteristics, including the child's presenting problems to clinical services, age and gender.

    Methods: The UK-based sample consisted of 16,754 clinical records of children aged 11-17, the majority of which were female (57%) and White (76%). Read More

    Prevalence and correlates of ADHD among adolescents in a Beirut community sample: results from the BEI-PSY Study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 17;11:20. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department of Psychiatry, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh/Beirut, 1107 2020 Lebanon.
    Background: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon.

    Methods: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services. Read More

    Prevalence and associated factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among Ugandan children; a cross-sectional study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 14;11:18. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, P. O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.
    Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. Read More

    Effect of a mental health training programme on Nigerian school pupils' perceptions of mental illness.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 7;11:19. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Background: Stigmatizing attitudes and discriminatory behaviour towards persons with mental illness are known to start in childhood. In Nigeria, it is not unusual to see children taunting persons with mental illness. This behaviour continues into adulthood as evidenced by the day-to-day occurrences in the community of negative attitudes and social distance from persons with mental illness. Read More

    GOLIAH (Gaming Open Library for Intervention in Autism at Home): a 6-month single blind matched controlled exploratory study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:17. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics, University Pierre and Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France.
    Background: To meet the required hours of intensive intervention for treating children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we developed an automated serious gaming platform (11 games) to deliver intervention at home (GOLIAH) by mapping the imitation and joint attention (JA) subset of age-adapted stimuli from the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) intervention. Here, we report the results of a 6-month matched controlled exploratory study.

    Methods: From two specialized clinics, we included 14 children (age range 5-8 years) with ASD and 10 controls matched for gender, age, sites, and treatment as usual (TAU). Read More

    Identifying cross-cultural variations in psychostimulant use for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using linked data.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 20;11:16. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 Australia.
    Background: To validate the association between country-of-birth and disparities in the stimulant use for ADHD among individuals in Western Australia.

    Methods: Using linked data, a population-based retrospective cohort of individuals admitted to hospital before age 25 years was followed through to identify having stimulants for ADHD in 2003-2007. Multivariate logistic and linear regressions were used to characterise associations between stimulants and country-of-birth, geographical remoteness and socioeconomic status. Read More

    Effect of attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder training program on the knowledge and attitudes of primary school teachers in Kaduna, North West Nigeria.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 20;11:15. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Background: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD.

    Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial involving 84 primary school teachers in the intervention group and 75 teachers in the control group. Read More

    Who seeks child and adolescent mental health care in Kenya? A descriptive clinic profile at a tertiary referral facility.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 14;11:14. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Background: The presence of psychiatric morbidity in the child and adolescent age group is demonstrable in various studies conducted in various settings in Kenya. This study set out to determine the psychiatric morbidity and socio-demographic profile of patients who eventually present for care at a tertiary specialist child and adolescent mental health clinic in Kenya. Knowledge of the patterns of presentation of disorders is crucial for planning of service scale up as well as serving as a useful training guide. Read More

    Body image drawings dissociate ethnic differences and anorexia in adolescent girls.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 14;11:13. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, 31905 Haifa, Israel.
    Objectives: To distinguish between ethnic differences among segregated schoolgirls and restrictive anorexia nervosa using a simple culture-fair test of body image (BI) figure drawings.

    Methods: Several responses to BI figure drawings by 178 adolescent schoolgirls from three ethnically distinct and segregated schools and communities in Israel, Jewish secular (JS), Jewish Haredi (H), and Christian Arab (C), and a group of 14 severely restricting anorexic girls (AN). BI evaluations were analyzed by MANCOVA, followed by paired or Student-t tests for comparisons between responses and groups respectively. Read More

    Risk and protective factors for mental health problems in preschool-aged children: cross-sectional results of the BELLA preschool study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 8;11:12. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Research Division "Child Public Health", Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52 (Building W26), 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: Mental health problems (MHPs) in preschoolers are precursors of mental disorders which have shown to be associated with suffering, functional impairment, exposure to stigma and discrimination, as well as enhanced risk of premature death. A better understanding of factors associated with MHPs in preschoolers can facilitate early identification of children at risk and inform prevention programs. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of risk and protective factors with MHPs within a German representative community sample. Read More

    Relations of mother's sense of coherence and childrearing style with child's social skills in preschoolers.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 7;11:11. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    3 Graduate School of Nursing, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
    Background: We examined the relationships between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their child's social skills development among preschool children, and how this relationship is mediated by mother's childrearing style.

    Methods: Mothers of 1341 Japanese children, aged 4-5 years, completed a self-report questionnaire on their SOC and childrearing style. The children's teachers evaluated their social skills using the social skills scale (SSS), which comprises three factors: cooperation, self-control, and assertion. Read More

    The link between infant regulatory problems, temperament traits, maternal depressive symptoms and children's psychopathological symptoms at age three: a longitudinal study in a German at-risk sample.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:10. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Institute for Psychosocial Prevention, University Clinic Heidelberg, Bergheimerstr. 54, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Background: Difficult conditions during childhood can limit an individual's development in many ways. Factors such as being raised in an at-risk family, child temperamental traits or maternal traits can potentially influence a child's later behaviour. The present study investigated the extent of regulatory problems in 6-month-old infants and their link to temperamental traits and impact on externalizing and internalizing problems at 36 months. Read More

    Diagnostic profiles and predictors of treatment outcome among children and adolescents attending a national psychiatric hospital in Botswana.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 10;11. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Psychiatry, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
    Background: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Read More

    Prevalence of depressive symptoms among schoolchildren in Cyprus: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 2;11. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cyprus University of Technology, 15, Vragadinou Street, Limassol, Cyprus.
    Background: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI).

    Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed. Read More

    Prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and repeat offending among male juvenile detainees in South Korea: a cross-sectional study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 18;11. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Youn's Therapy Counseling Center, Yulim Building 3F, 119 Bangbae-ro, Seoul, Seocho-gu 06682 Republic of Korea.
    Background: High rates of psychiatric disorders and comorbidities have been reported in juvenile detainees, and both phenomena are thought to contribute to repeat offending. However, research on this topic has been limited in Asian countries, like South Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and the relationship between psychiatric disorders and repeat offending among a cross-section of youths detained in a male juvenile detention center in South Korea. Read More

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