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    462 results match your criteria Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health [Journal]

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    Knowledge transfer: a worldwide challenge in child mental health: a recommendation to the readership of CAPMH concerning the revised version of the IACAPAP Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 17;12:14. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
    Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal(CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent. Read More

    How has the presidential election affected young Americans?
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 13;12. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    1Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, 1018 Fuller St, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 USA.
    The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. Read More

    Correction to: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Africa: a scoping review of its application and validation.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 31;12:11. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    1Adolescent Health Research Unit, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, 46 Sawkins Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-017-0212-1.]. Read More

    Difficulties faced by university students with self-reported symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a qualitative study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:12. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    2Faculty of Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-Ro, Dongjack-Gu, Seoul, 156-756 Republic of Korea.
    Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adolescence and adulthood; however, few studies have analyzed the experiences of university students with ADHD. This study explored the difficulties experienced by university students with ADHD symptoms.

    Methods: Between December 2015 and February 2016, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 12 university students with self-reported ADHD symptoms. Read More

    Body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among children and adolescents in Germany.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 24;12:10. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    1Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-University Bochum, Massenbergstrasse 9-13, 44787 Bochum, Germany.
    Theoretical Background: Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11-17 year-old students in Germany.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out among 1524 students of twelve secondary schools from all school types in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). Read More

    The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Africa: a scoping review of its application and validation.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 11;12. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    1Adolescent Health Research Unit, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, 46 Sawkins Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa.
    Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. Read More

    Psychosocial problems in traumatized refugee families: overview of risks and some recommendations for support services.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 11;12. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    1Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University Hospital Ulm, Steinhoevelstrasse 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
    This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks. Read More

    Quality of life, delinquency and psychosocial functioning of adolescents in secure residential care: testing two assumptions of the Good Lives Model.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 8;12. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    GGzE Center for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, PO Box 909 (DP 8001), 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems.

    Method: To this end, data of 95 adolescents with severe psychiatric problems who participated in a four-wave longitudinal study were examined. Subjective Quality of Life was assessed with the ten domains of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and coping skills with the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents. Read More

    Mobilizing agencies for incidence surveys on child maltreatment: successful participation in Switzerland and lessons learned.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 3;12. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Observatory on Child Maltreatment, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Background: Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies. Read More

    Lifetime and past-year prevalence of children's exposure to violence in 9 Balkan countries: the BECAN study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 2;12. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Centre for Forensic and Family Psychology (Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology), School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
    Background: Children's exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood.

    Methods: A three stage stratified random sample of 42,194 school-attending children (response rate: 66. Read More

    The role of self-esteem in the development of psychiatric problems: a three-year prospective study in a clinical sample of adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:68. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Faculty of Medicine, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: Self-esteem is fundamentally linked to mental health, but its' role in trajectories of psychiatric problems is unclear. In particular, few studies have addressed the role of self-esteem in the development of attention problems. Hence, we examined the role of global self-esteem in the development of symptoms of anxiety/depression and attention problems, simultaneously, in a clinical sample of adolescents while accounting for gender, therapy, and medication. Read More

    Child Protection Service interference in childhood and the relation with mental health problems and delinquency in young adulthood: a latent class analysis study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 21;11:66. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Meibergdreef 5, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Most multi-problem young adults (18-27 years old) have been exposed to childhood maltreatment and/or have been involved in juvenile delinquency and, therefore, could have had Child Protection Service (CPS) interference during childhood. The extent to which their childhood problems persist and evolve into young adulthood may differ substantially among cases. This might indicate heterogeneous profiles of CPS risk factors. Read More

    Elucidating adolescent aspirational models for the design of public mental health interventions: a mixed-method study in rural Nepal.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 21;11:65. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal (TPO Nepal), Anek Marga, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    Background: Adolescent aspirational models are sets of preferences for an idealized self. Aspirational models influence behavior and exposure to risk factors that shape adult mental and physical health. Cross-cultural understandings of adolescent aspirational models are crucial for successful global mental health programs. Read More

    Serious juvenile offenders: classification into subgroups based on static and dynamic charateristics.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:67. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Duivendrecht, P.O. Box 303, Amsterdam, 1115 ZG The Netherlands.
    Background: The population in juvenile justice institutions is heterogeneous, as juveniles display a large variety of individual, psychological and social problems. This variety of risk factors and personal characteristics complicates treatment planning. Insight into subgroups and specific profiles of problems in serious juvenile offenders is helpful in identifying important treatment indicators for each subgroup of serious juvenile offenders. Read More

    The relationships between gender, psychopathic traits and self-reported delinquency: a comparison between a general population sample and a high-risk sample for juvenile delinquency.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:64. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Forschungsabteilung, Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrische Klinik, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken (UPK), Schanzenstrasse 13, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Studies have shown that youths with high psychopathic traits have an earlier onset of delinquent behavior, have higher levels of delinquent behavior, and show higher rates of recidivism than youths with low psychopathic traits. Furthermore, psychopathic traits have received much attention as a robust indicator for delinquent and aggressive behavior in both boys and girls. However, there is a notable lack of research on gender differences in the relationship between psychopathic traits and delinquent behavior. Read More

    Many, more, most: four risk profiles of adolescents in residential care with major psychiatric problems.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:63. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    GGzE Centre for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, PO BOX 909 (DP 8001), 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: The development of delinquent behaviour is largely determined by the presence of (multiple) risk factors. It is essential to focus on the patterns of co-occurring risk factors in different subgroups in order to better understand disruptive behaviour.

    Aims And Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to examine whether subgroups could be identified to obtain more insight into the patterns of co-occurring risk factors in a population of adolescents in residential care. Read More

    A longitudinal study of socioeconomic status, family processes, and child adjustment from preschool until early elementary school: the role of social competence.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:62. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Objective: Using a short-term longitudinal design, this study examined the concurrent and longitudinal relationships among familial socioeconomic status (SES; i.e., family income and maternal and paternal education levels), marital conflict (i. Read More

    A program of family-centered care for adolescents in short-term stay groups of juvenile justice institutions.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:61. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Post Box 15, 2300 AA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Background: To provide successful treatment to detained adolescents, staff in juvenile justice institutions need to work in family-centered ways. As juvenile justice institutions struggled to involve parents in their child's treatment, we developed a program for family-centered care.

    Methods: The program was developed in close collaboration with staff from the two juvenile justice institutions participating in the Dutch Academic Workplace Forensic Care for Youth. Read More

    Responding to safety concerns and chronic needs: trends over time.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:60. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON M6S 3W6 Canada.
    Background: For the past 20 years, the Ontario child welfare sector has made significant legislative and policy changes. Changes to legislation and policy can impact the public and sector's response to child maltreatment and inform identified trends. Using an investigative taxonomy of urgent protection and chronic need this paper examines the shift in the nature of investigated maltreatment over time. Read More

    Tourette syndrome and other neurodevelopmental disorders: a comprehensive review.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 4;11:59. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, APHP, 83, boulevard de l'hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.
    Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex developmental neuropsychiatric condition in which motor manifestations are often accompanied by comorbid conditions that impact the patient's quality of life. In the DSM-5, TS belongs to the "neurodevelopmental disorders" group, together with other neurodevelopmental conditions, frequently co-occurring. In this study, we searched the PubMed database using a combination of keywords associating TS and all neurodevelopmental diagnoses. Read More

    Examining changes in personality disorder and symptomology in an adolescent sample receiving intensive mentalization based treatment: a pilot study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:58. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Objective: To examine changes in personality disorders and symptomology and the relation between personality disorder variables and treatment outcomes in an adolescent sample during partial residential mentalization based treatment.

    Methods: In a sample of 62 (out of 115) adolescents treated for personality disorders, assessment was done pre- and post-treatment using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM personality disorders and the Symptom Check List 90.

    Results: Significant reductions in personality disorder traits ( = 8. Read More

    Minor physical anomalies in neurodevelopmental disorders: a twin study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:57. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Karolinska Institutet & Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm County Council, Gävlegatan 22B, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Read More

    Dietary behaviour, psychological well-being and mental distress among adolescents in Korea.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:56. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
    Background: Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The aim of this investigation was to assess associations between dietary behaviours and psychological well-being and distress among school-going adolescents in Korea.

    Methods: In a cross-sectional nationally representative survey, 65,212 students (Mean age = 15. Read More

    Effectiveness of the BOOST-A™ online transition planning program for adolescents on the autism spectrum: a quasi-randomized controlled trial.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 10;11:54. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Background: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. Read More

    A multi-national comparison of antipsychotic drug use in children and adolescents, 2005-2012.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 11;11:55. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Over the last decades, an increase in antipsychotic (AP) prescribing and a shift from first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) to second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) among youth have been reported. However, most AP prescriptions for youth are off-label, and there are worrying long-term safety data in youth. The objective of this study was to assess multinational trends in AP use among children and adolescents. Read More

    Low mood in a sample of 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients: a cross-sectional study.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:50. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Children's Hospital, Child Psychiatry, Tukholmankatu 8 C 613, 00290 Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients.

    Methods: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. Read More

    Photo-elicitation with adolescents in qualitative research: an example of its use in exploring family interactions in adolescent psychiatry.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:49. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Adolescent, Argenteuil Hospital Centre, Argenteuil, France.
    Background: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. Read More

    Intense/obsessional interests in children with gender dysphoria: a cross-validation study using the Teacher's Report Form.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 25;11:51. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON Canada.
    Objective: This study assessed whether children clinically referred for gender dysphoria (GD) show symptoms that overlap with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Circumscribed preoccupations/intense interests and repetitive behaviors were considered as overlapping symptoms expressed in both GD and ASD.

    Methods: To assess these constructs, we examined Items 9 and 66 on the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), which measure obsessions and compulsions, respectively. Read More

    Child maltreatment in Germany: prevalence rates in the general population.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:47. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89073 Ulm, Germany.
    Background: Child maltreatment and its consequences are considered a major public health problem. So far, there is only one study from Germany reporting prevalence rates on different types of maltreatment.

    Methods: A representative sample of the German general population was examined for experiences of child maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) between September and November 2016. Read More

    Impediments and catalysts to task-shifting psychotherapeutic interventions for adolescents with PTSD: perspectives of multi-stakeholders.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:48. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Background: This qualitative study was nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where two psychotherapeutic interventions (supportive counselling and prolonged exposure for adolescents) were provided by supervised nurses (who served as 'nurse counsellors') to adolescents with PTSD in school settings. This paper describes the perspectives of nurse counsellors (NCs) and school liaisons (SLs). SLs were teachers or administrative personnel at the schools who coordinated the study visits of participants with the NCs. Read More

    Autism in adult and juvenile delinquents: a literature review.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:45. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Center for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, GGzE, PO Box 909, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: Here we present an overview of the literature on autism in adult and juvenile delinquents. We analyzed both the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in groups of delinquents and the prevalence of offending in people with ASD. There is a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders amongst people in custody, but there is disagreement about the prevalence of ASD in this population. Read More

    Comorbidities and correlates of conduct disorder among male juvenile detainees in South Korea.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 15;11:44. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Psychiatry, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 1342 Dong-il Street, Seoul, 01757 Republic of Korea.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea.

    Methods: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder. Read More

    Socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents: a population-based cohort study in Stockholm, Sweden.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:46. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18a, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm. Read More

    Children's mental health problems and their relation to parental stress in foster mothers and fathers.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:43. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    University of Braunschweig, Institute of Psychology, Humboldtstr. 33, 38106 Brunswick, Germany.
    Background: This study focuses on children living in foster families with a history of maltreatment or neglect. These children often show adverse mental health outcomes reflected in increased externalizing and internalizing problems. It is expected that these adverse outcomes are associated with increased parental stress levels experienced by foster mothers as well as foster fathers. Read More

    Youth in the midst of escalated political violence: sense of coherence and hope among Jewish and Bedouin Arab adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:42. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Conflict Management and Resolution Program, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P. O. Box 653, 84105 Beer-Sheva, Israel.
    Background: During stressful events, individuals (particularly adolescents) from minority groups are often more vulnerable to distress. This claim will be examined in terms of coping resources and stress reactions to escalated political violence. This study aimed to compare coping resources and stress reactions among adolescents from two ethnic groups in southern Israel-Jews and Bedouin Arabs-during a period of escalated political violence (November 2012). Read More

    Co-rumination buffers the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms in early adolescence.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:41. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Center for Health and Medical Psychology, JPS: Psychology, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden.
    Objectives: We examined whether co-rumination with online friends buffered the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms over time in a community sample.

    Methods: In a sample of 526 participants (358 girls; = 14.05) followed at three time points, we conducted a latent cross-lagged model with social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and co-rumination, controlling for friendship stability and friendship quality, and adding a latent interaction between social anxiety and co-rumination predicting depressive symptoms. Read More

    Mental health literacy in adolescents: ability to recognise problems, helpful interventions and outcomes.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 15;11:38. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    National Dengue Control Unit, Ministry of Health, Public Health Complex, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka.
    Background: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. Read More

    Quality of life in anxious adolescents.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 20;11:33. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Uni Research Health/University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Purpose: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 ( = 1719). Read More

    Mortality of young offenders: a national register-based follow-up study of 15- to 19-year-old Finnish delinquents referred for forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 8;11:37. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    School of Medicine, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Background: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. Read More

    Adolescent adaptive behavior profiles in Williams-Beuren syndrome, Down syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 24;11:40. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Neurociências Clínicas (LiNC), Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Edifício de Pesquisas II - UNIFESP, Rua Pedro de Toledo, 669-3° andar fundos, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP Brazil.
    Background: Adaptive behavior can be impaired in different neurodevelopmental disorders and may be influenced by confounding factors, such as intelligence quotient (IQ) and socioeconomic classification. Our main objective was to verify whether adaptive behavior profiles differ in three conditions-Williams Beuren syndrome (WBS), Down syndrome (DS), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as compared with healthy controls (HC) and with each other. Although the literature points towards each disorder having a characteristic profile, no study has compared profiles to establish the specificity of each one. Read More

    Breastfeeding is associated with enhanced learning abilities in school-aged children.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:36. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Armed Forces Capital Hospital, 81 Bun-ji, 177 Bun-gil, Saemail-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Kyunggi-di 13573 Republic of Korea.
    Objective: The majority of studies on the associations between breastfeeding and cognitive functioning have focused on IQ, with only a few investigating learning skills, and none of the latter adjusting for maternal IQ. We examined the association between breastfeeding and learning abilities in school-aged children using a cross-sectional design.

    Methods: We recruited 868 children, aged 8-11 years and parents completed the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES). Read More

    Health risk behavior among chronically ill adolescents: a systematic review of assessment tools.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 17;11:32. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya.
    Background: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents.

    Aims: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Read More

    Quality of life in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression treated with olanzapine/fluoxetine combination.
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 12;11:34. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA.
    Background: We examined the efficacy of olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC) in improving health-related quality of life (QoL) in the treatment of bipolar depression in children and adolescents.

    Methods: Patients aged 10-17 years with bipolar I disorder, depressed episode, baseline children's depression rating scale-revised (CDRS-R) total score ≥40, Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score ≤15, and YMRS-item 1 ≤ 2 were randomized to OFC (6/25-12/50 mg/day olanzapine/fluoxetine; n = 170) or placebo (n = 85) for up to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment. Patients and parents completed the revised KINDL questionnaire for measuring health-related QoL in children and adolescents (KINDL-R) at baseline and endpoint. Read More

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