505 results match your criteria Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health [Journal]


Mental health and associated stress factors in accompanied and unaccompanied refugee minors resettled in Germany: a cross-sectional study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 30;13. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Ostenstraße 25, 85072 Eichstätt, Germany.

Background: Studies throughout Europe have shown that asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASC) are at risk of developing mental disorders. The most common mental-health problems in ASC include posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and externalizing behaviour. Being an unaccompanied refugee minor (URM) was found to be highly predictive for higher levels of psychological distress within ASC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0268-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352340PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Overview of European forensic youth care: towards an integrative mission for prevention and intervention strategies for juvenile offenders.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 14;13. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

1Department of Child- and Adolescent Psychiatry, Amsterdam University Medical Center (AUmc) Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

All over Europe youth delinquency is decreasing; our understanding of the factors related to juvenile delinquency and the characteristics of effective forensic youth care has increased substantially. However, effective prevention and intervention strategies are not always employed due to financial, demographical and socio-political challenges countries face, while the burden of mental health in juvenile justice populations is high. With this commentary, we highlight the importance of international collaboration to set out a direction to improve forensic youth care, to bundle our strengths and overcome our challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0265-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332583PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

The effects of parental opioid use on the parent-child relationship and children's developmental and behavioral outcomes: a systematic review of published reports.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 12;13. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

1Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905 USA.

Background: Between 2009 and 2014, nearly 3% of US children (age ≤ 17 years) lived in households with at least 1 parent with substance use disorder. The present systematic review aimed to evaluate effects of parental opioid use disorder on the parent-child relationship and child developmental and behavioral outcomes.

Methods: Several databases were comprehensively searched for studies published from January 1980 through February 2018 that reviewed effects of parental opioid addiction on parent-child relationships and outcomes of children (age, 0-16 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0266-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330457PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The relation between mental health problems and future violence among detained male juveniles.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 12;13. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

5Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA USA.

Background: Detention personnel may assume that mental health problems heighten the likelihood of future violence in detained youth. This study explored whether brief mental health screening tools are of value for alerting staff to a detained youth's potential for future violent offending.

Method: Boys (n = 1259; Mean age = 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0264-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330441PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Child mental illness and the help-seeking process: a qualitative study among parents in a Ugandan community.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 11;13. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1Centre for International Health (CIH), Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care (IGS), University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Child mental illness contributes significantly to the burden of disease worldwide, and many are left untreated due to factors on both the provider and user side. Recognising this, the Ugandan Ministry of Health recently released the Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMH) Policy Guidelines. However, for implementation to be successful the suggested policy changes must resonate with the service users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0262-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329129PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Therapeutic factors that promote recovery in high-risk adolescents intensive group psychotherapeutic MBT programme.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 10;13. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

De Jutters, Centre for Youth Mental Healthcare Haaglanden, Dr. Van Welylaan 2, 2566 ER The Hague, The Netherlands.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether therapeutic factors as identified by Yalom and potential additional therapeutic factors could be found in the qualitative individual reports of high-risk adolescents with personality disorders at the end of an intensive group psychotherapeutic MBT programme and whether the therapeutic factors were related to therapy outcomes.

Methods: At the end of treatment, 70 adolescents were asked to write a farewell letter. Content analysis of the letters was performed by two independent raters, using the 12 therapeutic factors of Yalom and potential additional therapeutic factors as coding categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0263-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327377PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Earthquake exposures and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents from Phulpingdanda village, Nepal: a cross-sectional study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 20;12:54. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

8Center for Molecular Dynamics Nepal, GPO Box 21049, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Mental health issues can reach epidemic proportions in developed countries after natural disasters, but research is needed to better understand the impact on children and adolescents in developing nations.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to examine the relationship between earthquake exposures and depression, PTSD, and resilience among children and adolescents in Phulpingdanda village in Nepal, 1 year after the 2015 earthquakes, using the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children, Child PTSD Symptom Scale, and the Child and Youth Resilience Measure, respectively. To quantify exposure, a basic demographic and household questionnaire, including an earthquake exposure assessment tool for children and adolescents, was created. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0257-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300918PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

The relationship between the development of social competence and sleep in infants: a longitudinal study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 18;12:53. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

2Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-8577 Japan.

Background: Many reports argue that sleep is important for children's health, learning, and academic performance. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the association between sleep and the development of social competence in infants.

Methods: This study was conducted as part of a Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) project. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0258-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297979PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The relationship between psychological and social anxiety among Chinese adolescents: the mediating role of self-esteem and sense of security.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 13;12:50. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

1Faculty of Psychology, Research Center for Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715 China.

Background: High incidence and morbidity rates are found among adolescents with social anxiety disorder, a severe and harmful form of social phobia. Extensive research has been conducted to uncover the underlying psychological factors associated with the development and continuation of this disorder. Previous research has focused on single individual difference variables such as personality, cognition, or emotion; thus, the effect of an individual's full psychological profile on social anxiety has rarely been studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0255-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292172PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Victimisation in a French population of children and youths with autism spectrum disorder: a case control study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 3;12:48. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1INCIA, CNRS, UMR 5287, Centre Ressource Autisme Aquitaine, Centre Hospitalier Charles Perrens, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Children and youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have behavioural characteristics and severe social disabilities that make them vulnerable to victimisation. The current study explores the prevalence of peer victimisation in this population in France.

Methods: We used the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire-Screener Sum Version in a French sample of 39 children and youths with ASD and 53 typically developing (TD) children and youths and tested the association of the victimisation with socio-demographic factors and clinical factors of anxiety and post-traumatic stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0256-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276214PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Use of electroconvulsive therapy in adolescents with schizophrenia in China.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 5;12:49. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Ankang Road 5, Xicheng District, Beijing, China.

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, major depression and bipolar disorder. However, few studies have addressed the use of ECT in adolescents with schizophrenia. The aims of our study were to investigate the frequency of ECT, and its relationship with clinical and demographic correlates among adolescents with schizophrenia in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0254-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280503PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A systematic review of wellbeing in children: a comparison of military and civilian families.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 7;12:46. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1Kings Centre for Military Health Research, King's College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London, SE5 9RJ UK.

Background: Children in military families have uniquely different childhood experiences compared to their civilian peers, including a parent in employment and a stable familial income, frequent relocations, indirect exposure to and awareness of conflict, and extended separation from parents or siblings due to deployment. However, whether children from military families have poorer wellbeing than non-military connected children is not well understood.

Method: We conducted a systematic review to explore the relationship between military family membership (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0252-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220523PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Correction to: Somatic symptom and related disorders in children and adolescents: evaluation of a naturalistic inpatient multidisciplinary treatment.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:47. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-018-0239-y.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0253-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6214167PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Psychopathology and impairment of quality of life in offspring of psychiatric inpatients in southern Brazil: a preliminary study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 20;12:45. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Núcleo de Formação em Neurosciências da Escola de Medicina da Pontifícia, Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Ipiranga 6690, Porto Alegre, CEP 90619-900 Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the quality of life and risk of psychopathology in the infant and adolescent offspring of psychiatric inpatients from a general hospital unit.

Methods: Offspring (4-17 years old) of psychiatric inpatients were interviewed face-to-face and assessed with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Interviews with caregivers and the hospitalized parents were also performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0251-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196021PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Multidimensional family therapy in adolescents with a cannabis use disorder: long-term effects on delinquency in a randomized controlled trial.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 17;12:44. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Substance use and delinquency are considered to be mutual risk factors. Previous studies have shown that multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is effective in tackling both conditions on the short term. The current study examines the long-term effects of MDFT on criminal offending. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0248-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098634PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Assessment of attachment disorder symptoms in foster children: comparing diagnostic assessment tools.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 17;12:43. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

1University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Dortmund, Germany.

Background: Standardized methods for assessing attachment disorders are scarce but needed for research and practice.

Methods: In the current study, several assessments for attachment disorder symptoms are used within a German sample of foster children after being exposed to neglect and maltreatment in their biological families. The symptoms were assessed with four established assessment methods based on both parents' report and behavioral observation: The Rating for Infant Stranger Engagement, the Stranger at the Door, the Disturbances of Attachment Interview and the Reactive Attachment Disorder Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0250-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6097443PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Somatic symptoms in adolescence as a predictor of severe mental illness in adulthood: a long-term community-based follow-up study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 14;12:42. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

1Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Box 593, 75124 Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Somatic symptoms are common and costly for society and correlate with suffering and low functioning. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term implications of somatic symptoms. The objective of this study was to assess if somatic symptoms in adolescents with depression and in their matched controls predict severe mental illness in adulthood by investigating the use of hospital-based care consequent to different mental disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0245-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090675PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Lost in transition? Perceptions of health care among young people with mental health problems in Germany: a qualitative study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 7;12:41. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Section Process-Outcome Research, Department of Psychiatry II, Ulm University, Ludwig-Heilmeyer-Str. 2, 89312 Günzburg, Germany.

Background: The transitioning of young patients from child and adolescent to adult mental health services when indicated often results in the interruption or termination of service. The personal views of young service users on current clinical practice are a valuable contribution that can help to identify service gaps. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceptions of health care of young people with mental health problems in the transition age range (16-25 years), and to better understand health behaviour, care needs and the reasons for disengaging from care at this point in time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0249-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080358PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Incidence of depressive symptoms among sexually abused children in Kenya.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 30;12:40. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

1Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 74-00519, Mlolongo, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Children who experience sexual abuse undergo various negative psychosocial outcomes such as depressive symptoms. Unfortunately, not many studies have been conducted on the incidence of depressive symptoms among sexually abused children in Kenya. This study sought to ascertain the incidence of depressive symptoms among children who have experienced sexual abuse in Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0247-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065150PMC
July 2018
15 Reads

Assessment of dynamic change in psychotherapy with asdolescents.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 30;12:39. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

1Division of Mental Health and Addiction, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Diagnostic interviews and questionnaires are commonly used in the assessment of adolescents referred to child and adolescent mental health services. Many of these rating scales are constructed for adults and focus on symptoms related to diagnosis. Psychodynamic Functioning Scales (PFS) focus on relational aspects and how the patients handle affects and solve problems, rather than manifest symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0246-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065153PMC
July 2018
13 Reads

Child physical abuse: factors influencing the associations between self-reported exposure and self-reported health problems: a cross-sectional study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 25;12:38. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

4Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Child physical abuse (CPA) is an extensive public health problem because of its associations with poor health outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine which of the background factors of CPA committed by a parent or other caregiver relates to self-reported poor health among girls and boys (13; 15 and 17 years old): perpetrator, last year exposure; severity and frequency; socioeconomic load and foreign background.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study in a Swedish county (n = 8024) a path analysis was performed to evaluate a model where all background variables were put as predictors of three health-status variables: mental; physical and general health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0244-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060494PMC
July 2018
1 Read

A systematic review of the effects of CYP2D6 phenotypes on risperidone treatment in children and adolescents.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 16;12:37. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

1Department of Pharmacology, University of British Columbia, 2176 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 Canada.

The second generation antipsychotic drug risperidone is widely used in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry to treat conditions associated with disruptive behavior, aggression and irritability, such as autism spectrum disorders. While risperidone can provide symptomatic relief for many patients, there is considerable individual variability in the therapeutic response and side-effect profile of the medication. One well established biological factor that contributes to these individual differences is genetic variation in the cytochrome P450 enzyme 2D6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0243-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048722PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Children's Perceived Competence Scale: reevaluation in a population of Japanese elementary and junior high school students.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 11;12:36. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, 1-2 Osakata Morioka-cho, Obu, Aichi 474-8710 Japan.

Background: It is important for children to maintain high self-perceived competence and self-esteem, and there are few measures to evaluate them through elementary to junior high school days in Japan. To evaluate psychometric properties of the Children's Perceived Competence Scale (CPCS).

Methods: Data were collected from 697 elementary school and 956 junior high school students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0241-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6042375PMC
July 2018
9 Reads

Deliberate self-harm among adolescent psychiatric outpatients in Singapore: prevalence, nature and risk factors.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 6;12:35. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, Singapore, 529889 Singapore.

Background: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a prominent mental health concern among adolescents. Few studies have examined adolescent DSH in non-Western countries. This study examines the prevalence, types and associated risk factors of DSH in a clinical sample of adolescents in Singapore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0242-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6035430PMC
July 2018
10 Reads

Somatic symptom and related disorders in children and adolescents: evaluation of a naturalistic inpatient multidisciplinary treatment.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 28;12:34. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Background: This naturalistic study assesses the effectiveness of inpatient multidisciplinary treatment of children and adolescents with somatic symptom disorders (SSD) and investigates the role of pain coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (anxiety, depression).

Methods: Sixty children and adolescents (mean age 14.4 years) with SSD who underwent inpatient multidisciplinary treatment were assessed regarding their school attendance, levels of discomfort, coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (depression, anxiety) at pretreatment, discharge and 6 months following treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0239-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022439PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Childhood ADHD and treatment outcome: the role of maternal functioning.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 14;12:31. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

3Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department and, Psychiatric Research Unit, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Relatively little is known about the role of maternal functioning in terms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, attachment style and resilience as predictive factors for treatment outcome when offspring are diagnosed with ADHD.

Objective: To investigate whether maternal functioning is associated with treatment outcome in children with ADHD.

Methods: The study formed part of a larger naturalistic observational study of children with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0234-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003115PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural therapy-based anxiety prevention programme at an elementary school in Japan: a quasi-experimental study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 19;12:33. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

1Research Centre for Child Mental Development, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670 Japan.

Background: The efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety related problems in children is empirically supported. In addition, universal anxiety prevention programmes based on CBT have been demonstrated in recent years. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a CBT based original programme 'Journey of the Brave,' aiming to prevent anxiety disorders and anxiety-related problems for Japanese children aged 10-12 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0240-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007075PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Validation of the Child Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory in Korean survivors of sexual violence.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 18;12:32. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Sunflower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

Background: Dysfunctional cognitions related to trauma is an important factor in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. The Child Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory (CPTCI) assesses such cognitions about trauma. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of CPTCI and its short form by surveying child and adolescent survivors of sexual violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0235-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6006562PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Association between stunting and neuro-psychological outcomes among children in Burkina Faso, West Africa.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 7;12:30. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

1Centre for International Health (CIH), Department of Global Public Health and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: In Burkina Faso, stunting affects children and is a public health problem. We studied the association between stunting and child's neuro-psychological outcomes at 6-8 years of age in rural Burkina Faso using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (KABC-II), the Children's Category Test 1 (CCT-1) and the Test of Variable of Attention (TOVA).

Methods: We re-enrolled children of a previously community-based Exclusive breastfeeding trial in Burkina Faso. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0236-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992697PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Attributions and private theories of mental illness among young adults seeking psychiatric treatment in Nairobi: an interpretive phenomenological analysis.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:28. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O.Box 19676, Nairobi, 00202 Kenya.

Background: Mental illness affects every segment of population including young adults. The beliefs held by young patients regarding the causes of mental illness impact their treatment-seeking behaviour. It is pertinent to know the commonly held attributions around mental illness so as to effectively provide psychological care, especially in a resource constrained context such as Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0229-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984772PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

The role of attachment relationship in adolescents' problem behavior development: a cross-sectional study of Kenyan adolescents in Nairobi city.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:27. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

3Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, 47074, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: There is a significant link between insecure attachment and the development of psychopathology in adolescence. We investigated the relationship between adolescent attachment styles and the development of emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents in Kenya. We also examined the modifying influence of socio-economic-status (SES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0237-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984764PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Prevalence and correlates of burnout among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka: a school-based cross-sectional study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:26. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

3Teaching Hospital-Kandy, Kandy, 20000 Sri Lanka.

Background: Even though the concept of burnout has been widely explored across the globe, the evidence base on burnout among high school students in the South Asian context is scanty. Against the backdrop of ever-increasing educational demands and expectations, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka.

Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 872 grade thirteen students in 15 government schools in an educational zone, Kegalle district, Sri Lanka selected by a stratified cluster sampling technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0238-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984801PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Internet addiction detection rate among college students in the People's Republic of China: a meta-analysis.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 25;12:25. Epub 2018 May 25.

Faculty of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, 22 Wenchang West Road, Yijiang District, Wuhu, 241002 Anhui People's Republic of China.

Background: With the development of economy and technology, the Internet is becoming more and more popular. Internet addiction has gradually become a serious issue in public health worldwide. The number of Internet users in China has reached 731 million, with an estimated 24 million adolescents determined as having Internet addiction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0231-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970523PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Trends in child maltreatment in Germany: comparison of two representative population-based studies.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 25;12:24. Epub 2018 May 25.

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.

Background: Child maltreatment of all types is a serious concern for society, and it is important to monitor trends in incidence in order to inform child welfare agencies and policy-makers about emerging issues. In Germany, however, information on such trends is limited: apart from official sources, the only published study is a comparison of surveys conducted in 1992 and 2011 that had focused primarily on sexual abuse. The present study is the first to look at more recent trends and to examine other types of maltreatment as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0232-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970447PMC
May 2018
9 Reads

Cost-effectiveness of dialectical behaviour therapy vs. enhanced usual care in the treatment of adolescents with self-harm.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 30;12:22. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

1National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Oslo, Sognsvannsveien 21, Bygg 12, 0372 Oslo, Norway.

Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents.

Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC).

Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( = 39) or EUC ( = 38). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0227-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5928596PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Current research on child maltreatment epidemiology.

Authors:
Andreas Jud

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 27;12:21. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 1, 89075 Ulm, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0228-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5921261PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Global burden of mental disorders among children aged 5-14 years.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 12;12:19. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

CESP, INSERM U1018, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris-Sud, UVSQ, APHP, Paris, France.

Background: The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world.

Methods: The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5-14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation. Data come from the GBD 2015 study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0225-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5896103PMC
April 2018
29 Reads

Feasibility study of a family- and school-based intervention for child behavior problems in Nepal.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 23;12:20. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

6Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal.

Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0226-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5865299PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

Determinants of early child development in rural Tanzania.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 20;12:18. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

1University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especially rural sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0224-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859781PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

Disruptive behavior scale for adolescents (DISBA): development and psychometric properties.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 12;12:17. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

7Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Public Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Campus, Golestan BLVD, Ahvaz, 61375-15751 Iran.

Background: Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. Research is needed to develop valid and reliable measures of disruptive behavior to assist recognition and impact of treatments on disruptive behavior. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale for disruptive behavior in adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0221-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846229PMC
March 2018
15 Reads

Treatment expectancy, working alliance, and outcome of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with children and adolescents.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 5;12:16. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.

Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0223-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5836360PMC
March 2018
10 Reads

Knowledge transfer: a worldwide challenge in child mental health: a recommendation to the readership of CAPMH concerning the revised version of the IACAPAP Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 17;12:14. Epub 2018 Feb 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.

Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0220-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816398PMC
February 2018
10 Reads

How has the presidential election affected young Americans?

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 13;12. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

1Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, 1018 Fuller St, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 USA.

The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0214-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5809872PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Correction to: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Africa: a scoping review of its application and validation.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 31;12:11. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

1Adolescent Health Research Unit, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, 46 Sawkins Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-017-0212-1.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0217-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793386PMC
January 2018
7 Reads