473 results match your criteria Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health [Journal]
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 7;12:30. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
1Centre for International Health (CIH), Department of Global Public Health and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Background: In Burkina Faso, stunting affects children and is a public health problem. We studied the association between stunting and child's neuro-psychological outcomes at 6-8 years of age in rural Burkina Faso using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (KABC-II), the Children's Category Test 1 (CCT-1) and the Test of Variable of Attention (TOVA).
Methods: We re-enrolled children of a previously community-based Exclusive breastfeeding trial in Burkina Faso. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:28. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
1Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O.Box 19676, Nairobi, 00202 Kenya.
Background: Mental illness affects every segment of population including young adults. The beliefs held by young patients regarding the causes of mental illness impact their treatment-seeking behaviour. It is pertinent to know the commonly held attributions around mental illness so as to effectively provide psychological care, especially in a resource constrained context such as Kenya. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:27. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
3Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, 47074, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya.
Background: There is a significant link between insecure attachment and the development of psychopathology in adolescence. We investigated the relationship between adolescent attachment styles and the development of emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents in Kenya. We also examined the modifying influence of socio-economic-status (SES). Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:26. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
3Teaching Hospital-Kandy, Kandy, 20000 Sri Lanka.
Background: Even though the concept of burnout has been widely explored across the globe, the evidence base on burnout among high school students in the South Asian context is scanty. Against the backdrop of ever-increasing educational demands and expectations, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka.
Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 872 grade thirteen students in 15 government schools in an educational zone, Kegalle district, Sri Lanka selected by a stratified cluster sampling technique. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 25;12:25. Epub 2018 May 25.
Faculty of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, 22 Wenchang West Road, Yijiang District, Wuhu, 241002 Anhui People's Republic of China.
Background: With the development of economy and technology, the Internet is becoming more and more popular. Internet addiction has gradually become a serious issue in public health worldwide. The number of Internet users in China has reached 731 million, with an estimated 24 million adolescents determined as having Internet addiction. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 25;12:24. Epub 2018 May 25.
1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
Background: Child maltreatment of all types is a serious concern for society, and it is important to monitor trends in incidence in order to inform child welfare agencies and policy-makers about emerging issues. In Germany, however, information on such trends is limited: apart from official sources, the only published study is a comparison of surveys conducted in 1992 and 2011 that had focused primarily on sexual abuse. The present study is the first to look at more recent trends and to examine other types of maltreatment as well. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 30;12:22. Epub 2018 Apr 30.
1National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Oslo, Sognsvannsveien 21, Bygg 12, 0372 Oslo, Norway.
Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents.
Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC).
Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( = 39) or EUC ( = 38). Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 27;12:21. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 1, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 12;12:19. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
CESP, INSERM U1018, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris-Sud, UVSQ, APHP, Paris, France.
Background: The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world.
Methods: The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5-14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation. Data come from the GBD 2015 study. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 23;12:20. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
6Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal.
Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 20;12:18. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
1University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Background: It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especially rural sub-Saharan Africa. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 12;12:17. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
7Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Public Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Campus, Golestan BLVD, Ahvaz, 61375-15751 Iran.
Background: Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. Research is needed to develop valid and reliable measures of disruptive behavior to assist recognition and impact of treatments on disruptive behavior. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale for disruptive behavior in adolescents. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 5;12:16. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 17;12:14. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 13;12. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
1Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, 1018 Fuller St, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 USA.
The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 31;12:11. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
1Adolescent Health Research Unit, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, 46 Sawkins Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa.
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-017-0212-1.]. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 1;12:12. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
2Faculty of Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-Ro, Dongjack-Gu, Seoul, 156-756 Republic of Korea.
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adolescence and adulthood; however, few studies have analyzed the experiences of university students with ADHD. This study explored the difficulties experienced by university students with ADHD symptoms.
Methods: Between December 2015 and February 2016, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 12 university students with self-reported ADHD symptoms. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 24;12:10. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
1Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-University Bochum, Massenbergstrasse 9-13, 44787 Bochum, Germany.
Theoretical Background: Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11-17 year-old students in Germany.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out among 1524 students of twelve secondary schools from all school types in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 15;12. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
1Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Research Department, Psychiatric University Hospitals Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 11;12. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
1Adolescent Health Research Unit, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, 46 Sawkins Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa.
Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 11;12. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
1Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University Hospital Ulm, Steinhoevelstrasse 5, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 8;12. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
GGzE Center for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, PO Box 909 (DP 8001), 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
Background: In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems.
Method: To this end, data of 95 adolescents with severe psychiatric problems who participated in a four-wave longitudinal study were examined. Subjective Quality of Life was assessed with the ten domains of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and coping skills with the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 3;12. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
Observatory on Child Maltreatment, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Background: Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 2;12. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
Centre for Forensic and Family Psychology (Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology), School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
Background: Children's exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood.
Methods: A three stage stratified random sample of 42,194 school-attending children (response rate: 66. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:68. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Faculty of Medicine, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
Background: Self-esteem is fundamentally linked to mental health, but its' role in trajectories of psychiatric problems is unclear. In particular, few studies have addressed the role of self-esteem in the development of attention problems. Hence, we examined the role of global self-esteem in the development of symptoms of anxiety/depression and attention problems, simultaneously, in a clinical sample of adolescents while accounting for gender, therapy, and medication. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 21;11:66. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Meibergdreef 5, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Background: Most multi-problem young adults (18-27 years old) have been exposed to childhood maltreatment and/or have been involved in juvenile delinquency and, therefore, could have had Child Protection Service (CPS) interference during childhood. The extent to which their childhood problems persist and evolve into young adulthood may differ substantially among cases. This might indicate heterogeneous profiles of CPS risk factors. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 21;11:65. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal (TPO Nepal), Anek Marga, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Background: Adolescent aspirational models are sets of preferences for an idealized self. Aspirational models influence behavior and exposure to risk factors that shape adult mental and physical health. Cross-cultural understandings of adolescent aspirational models are crucial for successful global mental health programs. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:67. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Duivendrecht, P.O. Box 303, Amsterdam, 1115 ZG The Netherlands.
Background: The population in juvenile justice institutions is heterogeneous, as juveniles display a large variety of individual, psychological and social problems. This variety of risk factors and personal characteristics complicates treatment planning. Insight into subgroups and specific profiles of problems in serious juvenile offenders is helpful in identifying important treatment indicators for each subgroup of serious juvenile offenders. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:64. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
Forschungsabteilung, Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrische Klinik, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken (UPK), Schanzenstrasse 13, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.
Background: Studies have shown that youths with high psychopathic traits have an earlier onset of delinquent behavior, have higher levels of delinquent behavior, and show higher rates of recidivism than youths with low psychopathic traits. Furthermore, psychopathic traits have received much attention as a robust indicator for delinquent and aggressive behavior in both boys and girls. However, there is a notable lack of research on gender differences in the relationship between psychopathic traits and delinquent behavior. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:63. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
GGzE Centre for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, PO BOX 909 (DP 8001), 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
Background: The development of delinquent behaviour is largely determined by the presence of (multiple) risk factors. It is essential to focus on the patterns of co-occurring risk factors in different subgroups in order to better understand disruptive behaviour.
Aims And Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to examine whether subgroups could be identified to obtain more insight into the patterns of co-occurring risk factors in a population of adolescents in residential care. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:62. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Objective: Using a short-term longitudinal design, this study examined the concurrent and longitudinal relationships among familial socioeconomic status (SES; i.e., family income and maternal and paternal education levels), marital conflict (i. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:61. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Post Box 15, 2300 AA Leiden, The Netherlands.
Background: To provide successful treatment to detained adolescents, staff in juvenile justice institutions need to work in family-centered ways. As juvenile justice institutions struggled to involve parents in their child's treatment, we developed a program for family-centered care.
Methods: The program was developed in close collaboration with staff from the two juvenile justice institutions participating in the Dutch Academic Workplace Forensic Care for Youth. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 19;11:60. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON M6S 3W6 Canada.
Background: For the past 20 years, the Ontario child welfare sector has made significant legislative and policy changes. Changes to legislation and policy can impact the public and sector's response to child maltreatment and inform identified trends. Using an investigative taxonomy of urgent protection and chronic need this paper examines the shift in the nature of investigated maltreatment over time. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 4;11:59. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, APHP, 83, boulevard de l'hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex developmental neuropsychiatric condition in which motor manifestations are often accompanied by comorbid conditions that impact the patient's quality of life. In the DSM-5, TS belongs to the "neurodevelopmental disorders" group, together with other neurodevelopmental conditions, frequently co-occurring. In this study, we searched the PubMed database using a combination of keywords associating TS and all neurodevelopmental diagnoses. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:58. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Objective: To examine changes in personality disorders and symptomology and the relation between personality disorder variables and treatment outcomes in an adolescent sample during partial residential mentalization based treatment.
Methods: In a sample of 62 (out of 115) adolescents treated for personality disorders, assessment was done pre- and post-treatment using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM personality disorders and the Symptom Check List 90.
Results: Significant reductions in personality disorder traits ( = 8. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:57. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Karolinska Institutet & Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm County Council, Gävlegatan 22B, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden.
Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 28;11:56. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Background: Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The aim of this investigation was to assess associations between dietary behaviours and psychological well-being and distress among school-going adolescents in Korea.
Methods: In a cross-sectional nationally representative survey, 65,212 students (Mean age = 15. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 10;11:54. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
Background: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 11;11:55. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD USA.
Over the last decades, an increase in antipsychotic (AP) prescribing and a shift from first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) to second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) among youth have been reported. However, most AP prescriptions for youth are off-label, and there are worrying long-term safety data in youth. The objective of this study was to assess multinational trends in AP use among children and adolescents. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:50. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Children's Hospital, Child Psychiatry, Tukholmankatu 8 C 613, 00290 Helsinki, Finland.
Background: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients.
Methods: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 6;11:49. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Adolescent, Argenteuil Hospital Centre, Argenteuil, France.
Background: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 25;11:51. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON Canada.
Objective: This study assessed whether children clinically referred for gender dysphoria (GD) show symptoms that overlap with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Circumscribed preoccupations/intense interests and repetitive behaviors were considered as overlapping symptoms expressed in both GD and ASD.
Methods: To assess these constructs, we examined Items 9 and 66 on the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), which measure obsessions and compulsions, respectively. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 29;11:47. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89073 Ulm, Germany.
Background: Child maltreatment and its consequences are considered a major public health problem. So far, there is only one study from Germany reporting prevalence rates on different types of maltreatment.
Methods: A representative sample of the German general population was examined for experiences of child maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) between September and November 2016. Read More
Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2017 22;11:48. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
Background: This qualitative study was nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where two psychotherapeutic interventions (supportive counselling and prolonged exposure for adolescents) were provided by supervised nurses (who served as 'nurse counsellors') to adolescents with PTSD in school settings. This paper describes the perspectives of nurse counsellors (NCs) and school liaisons (SLs). SLs were teachers or administrative personnel at the schools who coordinated the study visits of participants with the NCs. Read More