844 results match your criteria Child Neuropsychology[Journal]


Understanding emotional language through events and words in people with Williams syndrome.

Authors:
Ching-Fen Hsu

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 24:1-21. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

School of Foreign Languages, Research Center for Language Pathology and Developmental Neurosciences, Hunan University , Changsha, Hunan, China.

Previous studies have mainly examined emotion recognition through face processing in individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). Contextual integration is an automatic and basic comprehension ability emerged from distinct modalities. This ability requires sensation to global configuration and local elements. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1782369DOI Listing

Neuropsychological functioning and its relationship with brain anatomical measures of children and adolescents with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 16:1-15. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Craniofacial Anomaly Rehabilitation Hospital, University of São Paulo , Bauru, Brazil.

Background: Children and adolescents with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) show cognitive performance below expected. This difficulty can be associated with alterations in the cortical thickness and volume of brain regions. The aim of this study was to investigate anatomical brain characteristics and their relationship with the neuropsychological scores of children and adolescents with NSCLP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1776240DOI Listing

The neurocognitive profiles of children adopted from care and their emotional and behavioral problems at home and school.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 16:1-20. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University , Cardiff, UK.

Adoptees' mental health problems in childhood and later life are well described, but little attention has been paid to domestically adopted children's emotional and behavioral problems and neurocognitive profiles. The aim of this study was to describe the neurocognitive profiles of domestically adopted children in the UK and their parent- and teacher-rated emotional and behavioral problems. Forty-five children ( age = 75. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1776241DOI Listing

Cognitive and social/emotional influences on adaptive functioning in children with FASD: Clinical and cultural considerations.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 10:1-33. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Science Centre , Auckland, New Zealand.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is one of the leading causes of intellectual disability and learning difficulties around the world. Children with FASD often have extremely low adaptive behavior due to the severity of brain impairment, however there is limited understanding as to the important predictors of adaptive behavior. In a study of 39 children with FASD and 29 comparison children, we found that social cognition (specifically recognizing emotions) was the only significant independent predictor of teacher-rated adaptive functioning even after including IQ, executive functioning, and adverse childhood experiences into the model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1771296DOI Listing

Auditory attention late effects in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 1:1-16. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas, TX, USA.

This study sought to characterize auditory attention functioning among pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) survivors treated on a chemotherapy-only protocol, given previous literature suggesting late impact on sustained visual attention. We hypothesized similar deficits would be observed in auditory attention relative to previous literature indicating weakness with aspect of visual attention in this population. Survivors 107, 53 females, = 12. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1772738DOI Listing

Aggressive behavior during toddlerhood: Interrelated effects of prenatal risk factors, negative affect, and cognition.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 25:1-23. Epub 2020 May 25.

Clinical Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Leiden University , Leiden, The Netherlands.

Prenatal risk, temperamental negative affect, and specific cognitive abilities have all individually been identified as predictors of behavior problems during early childhood, but less is known about their interplay in relation to aggression during toddlerhood. This study examined the main and interaction effects of prenatal risk, negative affect, inhibitory control, attention, and vocabulary in the prediction of aggression in 150 children (75 boys). During pregnancy, a cumulative risk index was calculated based on the presence of 10 well-established maternal risk factors, such as prenatal substance use, maternal psychiatric disorder, and financial problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1769582DOI Listing

Neurotropic mechanisms in COVID-19 and their potential influence on neuropsychological outcomes in children.

Authors:
Lois O Condie

Child Neuropsychol 2020 07 13;26(5):577-596. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School , Boston, MA, USA.

Children have shown more physical resilience to COVID-19 than adults, but there is a cohort of vulnerable infants and young children who may experience disease burden, both in the acute phase and chronically. Children may have had early undocumented exposure to COVID-19. Even when the risk of exposure was known, developmental variables may have made the avoidance of physical proximity difficult for children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1763938DOI Listing

Cognitive functions mediate the effect of preterm birth on mathematics skills in young children.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 12:1-23. Epub 2020 May 12.

Center for Human Development, UC San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Children born preterm are at risk for cognitive deficits and lower academic achievement. Notably, mathematics achievement is generally most affected. Here, we investigated the cognitive functions mediating early mathematics skills and how these are impacted by preterm birth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1761313DOI Listing

Psychometric evaluation of the pediatric applied cognition scale in pediatric hematology/oncology.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 21:1-18. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Pediatric patients with hematology and oncology conditions often experience disease- and treatment-related neurocognitive deficits. Well-validated screening tools are critical for identifying patients experiencing cognitive impairments. The Pediatric Applied Cognition scale (PAC) Short Form, developed by the National Institutes of Health, assesses attention and memory concerns. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1752368DOI Listing

Longitudinal associations between neuropsychological functioning and medical responsibility in youth with spina bifida: The moderational role of parenting behaviors.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 19:1-21. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Psychology Department, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

For youth with spina bifida (SB), the transfer of medical responsibilities from parent- to self-management is an important component of autonomy development. Youth with SB are at risk for neurocognitive impairments with inattention and executive dysfunction, which may impact their ability to take responsibility for medical tasks. However, adaptive parenting may buffer against the negative impact of executive/attentional dysfunction on levels of medical responsibility. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1751098DOI Listing

Metacognition and behavioral regulation predict distinct aspects of social functioning in autism spectrum disorder.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 7:1-29. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Executive function (EF) deficits are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and previous studies suggest that EF may influence or predict social functioning. Thus, EF is a potential treatment target in this population. However, the nature of how specific metacognition and behavioral regulation components of EF may differentially impact social function remains unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1745166DOI Listing

Investigation of children and adolescents' mood and self-concept after acquired brain injury.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 7:1-21. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

School of Applied Psychology & Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, GriffithUniversity, Brisbane, Australia.

Few studies have examined the self-reported mental health of children with an acquired brain injury (ABI). The current study aimed to: 1) identify levels of child-reported depressive and anxiety symptoms and poor self-concept, 2) investigate demographic and injury-related factors associated with children's mood and self-concept, and 3) examine associations between children's self-reported mental health and parents' reports of children's emotional and behavioral functioning in children specifically with traumatic brain injury (TBI). 122 children (66% male) aged 8-16 years with ABI of mixed etiology were consecutively recruited through an outpatient rehabilitation clinic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1750577DOI Listing

Executive functions predict literacy and mathematics achievements: The unique contribution of cognitive flexibility in grades 2, 4, and 6.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 23:1-19. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Research has shown that cognitive flexibility plays a critical role in students' learning and academic achievement. However, the unique contribution of cognitive flexibility to academic achievement across schooling is not fully understood. Thus, this study tested whether cognitive flexibility explained a significant amount of variance in academic achievement (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1740188DOI Listing

Development of early domain-specific and domain-general cognitive precursors of high and low math achievers in grade 6.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 20:1-26. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

This study investigated from a longitudinal retrospective perspective what characterizes and predicts 6th graders (M = 12.95,  = 0.27) with low (LMA) or high (HMA) math achievement concerning the development of early domain-specific and domain-general cognitive abilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1739259DOI Listing

The contribution of neurocognitive functions to academic and psychological outcomes in pediatric cancer: A latent profile analysis.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 11:1-19. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Center for Advancement of Youth, Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

This study aimed to identify the impact of neurocognitive functioning on academic and psychological domains using a novel person-centered latent profile analysis approach. We further examined the contribution of identified risk factors (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1734553DOI Listing

Parents report fewer executive functioning problems and repetitive behaviors in young dual-language speakers with autism.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 11:1-17. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Center for Autism Spectrum Disorders, Center for Neuroscience Research, Children's Research Institute, Children's National Medical Center, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.

More dual language learners (DLLs) are being identified early with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, many families are still being advised against dual language exposure, despite a lack of evidence of negative impacts on language development in ASD. Research in typically developing children has noted advantages for bilinguals in domains such as executive functioning and social skills, but less is known about the effects in ASD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1733512DOI Listing

A comprehensive examination of the memory profile of youth with Down syndrome in comparison to typically developing peers.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 26:1-18. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Down syndrome (DS) is associated with significant memory deficits beyond overall global cognitive impairment. Although a number of studies have examined memory abilities in adults and teens with DS, very few studies have examined memory abilities in children with DS. Additionally, research has yet to examine prospective memory (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1721454DOI Listing
February 2020

Psychometric properties of the Teenage Executive Functioning Inventory (TEXI): A freely available questionnaire for assessing deficits in working memory and inhibition among adolescents.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 24:1-8. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.

The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI) and the Adult Executive Functioning Inventory (ADEXI) are reliable and valid rating instruments for assessing working memory and inhibitory control. However, a teenage version of this instrument has not been available, and the aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the psychometric properties of the Teenage Executive Functioning Inventory (TEXI). After interviewing both researchers/clinicians and adolescents themselves, a questionnaire with 20 items was created. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1726885DOI Listing
February 2020

polymorphisms sex-specific association with verbal intelligence in survivors of pediatric medulloblastoma tumors.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 13:1-15. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Glutathione S-transferase () single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with a lower intellectual quotient (IQ) in medulloblastoma survivors. We investigated the association of polymorphisms with intellectual, neurocognitive skills (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1726886DOI Listing
February 2020

Mental health outcomes in children with acquired dystonia after basal ganglia stroke and associations with cognitive and motor outcomes.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 30;26(5):691-710. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Division of Neurology, Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children , Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke involving the basal ganglia and/or thalamus is one of the most common causes of dystonia in children. Dystonia is a movement disorder in which excessive, involuntary muscle contractions result in twisting or repetitive movements, and abnormal posturing. The basal ganglia have been implicated in mood functioning and difficulties in these domains have been noted in adults with dystonia, yet little is currently known about these outcomes in children with dystonia following stroke. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1721453DOI Listing

Assessing performance validity with the TOMM and automatized sequences task in a pediatric psychiatric inpatient setting.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 15:1-16. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Psychiatry & Human Behavior E.P. Bradley Hospital/ Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

This study examined the performance of children consecutively admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) (aged 5-12; = 96) and Automatized Sequences Task (aged 8-12; = 67). Eighty-three percent of children passed the TOMM Trial 2 ( raw score = 47.7,  = 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1712345DOI Listing
January 2020

Executive function "drives" differences in simulated driving performance between young adults with and without autism spectrum disorder.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 15;26(5):649-665. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University , Philadelphia, USA.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may experience greater difficulty learning to drive than peers who do not have ASD, but reasons for those differences are unclear. This study examined how diagnostic symptoms of ASD and commonly co-morbid executive dysfunction relate to differences in simulated driving performance between young, inexperienced drivers with and without ASD. Participants included 98 young adults, ages 16-26 years, half of which were diagnosed with ASD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1713311DOI Listing

Academic outcome in pediatric ischemic stroke.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 9:1-17. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada.

An important cause of acquired brain injury in children, pediatric ischemic stroke can cause sequelae across a wide range of cognitive domains, including verbal reasoning and processing speed. As a result, survivors are especially vulnerable to academic difficulties and face unique challenges compared to their peers. Despite this knowledge, pediatric stroke remains an understudied neurological condition, and its impact on school functioning poorly understood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1712346DOI Listing
January 2020

A hierarchical model of cognitive flexibility in children: Extending the relationship between flexibility, creativity and academic achievement.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 8:1-31. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental (CIIPME), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

We conducted two empirical studies to (1) explore the latent structure of cognitive flexibility in children as measured by performance-based tasks, (2) analyze the contribution of working memory (WM) and inhibition to reactive and spontaneous flexibility, and (3) examine the contribution of the different flexibility components to academic skills (i.e., reading comprehension and writing) and creativity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1711034DOI Listing
January 2020

Measurement of executive functioning with the National Institute of Health Toolbox and the association to anxiety/depressive symptomatology in childhood/adolescence.

Child Neuropsychol 2019 Dec 26:1-16. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

: Despite preliminary research, there remain inconsistent findings with regard to the role of executive functioning (EF) deficits in childhood anxiety and depression. This report examined the association of The National Institute of Health (NIH) Toolbox to clinical neuropsychological measures and to childhood, anxiety/depressive symptomatology. Methods: One-hundred eight children and adolescents completed the three EF measures from the NIH Toolbox (List Sorting Working Memory Test [LSWMT], Dimensional Change Card Sorting Test [DCCST], and Flanker Test of Attention and Inhibition [Flanker]) in an outpatient neuropsychology program. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1708295DOI Listing
December 2019

Post-traumatic stress symptoms and cognition in children exposed to motor vehicle accident trauma.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 17;26(4):560-575. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

School of Psychology and Public Health, Department of Psychology and Counselling, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia.

Research investigating the cognition of children exposed to non-familial trauma is scarce and the effects of post-traumatic stress symptoms in this population remain unclear. Thus, this research aimed to investigate the cognition of children exposed to motor vehicle accidents given the high incidence of this trauma globally. It was hypothesized that children with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS; i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1700223DOI Listing

Changes in child functioning pre-to post-neuropsychological evaluation.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 13;26(5):711-720. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Department of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center , Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Although a key goal of neuropsychological evaluation is to improve patient outcomes, research regarding changes in child functioning following neuropsychological evaluation is very limited. This project examined changes from before neuropsychological evaluation to several months afterward in parent report of their child's functioning and ability to participate across home, school, and community settings. Fifty-one parents of children and adolescents receiving their first outpatient neuropsychological evaluation completed questionnaires prior to initial parent interview and following the final report (of n = 162 who were mailed the follow-up questionnaire). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1702155DOI Listing

A child-focused version of the Attention Network Task designed to investigate interactions between the attention networks, including the endogenous orienting network.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 13;26(5):666-690. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Monash School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University , Clayton, Australia.

A new variation of the Attention Network Task (ANT) was designed to measure the functioning of and interactions between the alerting, exogenous and endogenous visual spatial orienting, and executive control systems in young school children. Previous research has produced mixed results regarding typical functioning of the attention networks in six-year-olds; no ANT has measured the functioning of the endogenous network. This Staged ANT tested the Alerting, Exogenous, and Endogenous orienting networks in separate conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1702635DOI Listing

Examining complexity in grip selection tasks and consequent effects on planning for end-state-comfort in children with developmental coordination disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 26;26(4):534-559. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Institute for Health Research, University of Notre Dame, Perth, Australia.

This is the first review to provide both a systematic and meta-analytic approach to characterizing motor planning deficits in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Task complexity appears to be a key factor affecting motor planning in children with DCD. However, the different task-related factors and how they affect motor planning ability has not been examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1695768DOI Listing

Executive functions and drawing in young children with cerebral palsy: Comparisons with typical development.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 21;26(5):635-648. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie , São Paulo, Brazil.

There is evidence that school-aged children with cerebral palsy (CP) may present deficits in executive functions (EF) greater than would be expected considering their intellectual ability. However, no studies have focused on characterizing EF in this group at an earlier critical period - the preschool years. Furthermore, and given evidence from typically-developing (TD) children, deficits in EF are associated with potential detrimental effects on social and educational development - which can include drawing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1694648DOI Listing

[Formula: see text] Addressing the neurodevelopmental needs of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease: A review of the existing intervention literature.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 31;26(4):433-459. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Behavioral Health, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA.

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is among the most prevalent birth defects in the United States. Given that children with CHD are at risk for differences with development, learning, and psychosocial functioning, effective intervention becomes a central tenant of recommendations following neuropsychological consultation and evaluation. The primary focus of this review is to summarize available interventions for children and adolescents with CHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1682131DOI Listing

[Formula: see text] Sustained attention and vigilance of children treated for sagittal and metopic craniosynostosis.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 29;26(4):475-488. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska, Academy, Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.

Attention problems are common in patients with craniosynostosis. Craniosynostosis is a rare condition, studies face challenges of selection bias, small sample sizes, and wide age ranges. The aim of the study was to assess the sustained attention and vigilance of children treated for sagittal and metopic craniosynostosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1682130DOI Listing

Math problem-solving and cognition among emerging bilingual children at risk and not at risk for math difficulties.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 14;26(4):489-517. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Office of Research and Community Engagement, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Cognitive processes that underlie individual differences in mathematical problem-solution accuracy in elementary emerging bilingual children (English Learners) at risk and not at risk for math problem-solving difficulties (MD) were examined. A battery of tests was administered in both English and Spanish that assessed problem-solving, achievement, and cognitive processing in children in first ( = 155/MD = 23), second ( = 129/MD = 44) and third grades ( = 110/MD = 39). The results were that (a) the executive component of working memory (WM) predicted MD status independent of measures of fluid intelligence, reading, calculation, knowledge of algorithms, processing speed, short-term memory, and inhibition, (b) low performance on Spanish measures of numeracy and executive component of WM were major predictors of the odds of being classified as MD and (c) bilingual proficiency primarily moderated English rather than Spanish measures of cognition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1674268DOI Listing

Working with memory: Computerized, adaptive working memory training for adolescents living with HIV.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 9;26(5):612-634. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Psychology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand , 2050, Johannesburg, South Africa.

This study investigated working memory (WM) training for adolescents with perinatal HIV infection, since WM is negatively impacted by the virus, and adolescence is a time of considerable brain reorganization, during which WM functioning reaches maturation. We posed three main questions: 1) whether WM could be trained in adolescents living with HIV, and if so, whether these effects were maintained over a six-month period during which no further training was received; 2) whether there were differential effects of training on the components of WM (verbal and visuospatial storage, verbal and visuospatial processing); 3) whether the WM training transferred to cognate tasks, and if so, whether these transfer effects were maintained over six months. Sixty-three HIV+ adolescents (10-16 years) from two children's homes were assigned to the training (n = 31) or control (n = 32) group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1676407DOI Listing

Motor functioning and associated cognitive outcomes in pediatric survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 9;26(5):597-611. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Psychology, Eastern Michigan University , Ypsilanti, MI, USA.

Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are at risk for developing neurocognitive late effects following intensive medical treatment. Motor impairments have been highlighted as a common neurocognitive late effect, including fine-, gross-, and visual-motor skills. The severity of these motor deficits is variable in the existing literature, warranting additional investigations with more homogenous samples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1676406DOI Listing
July 2020
1 Read

What predicts nonword repetition performance?

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 4;26(4):518-533. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Speech and Language, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Despite the widespread use of nonword repetition in child neuropsychological research and clinical practice, the specific cognitive, linguistic and motor processes that contribute to variability in performance are unclear. The aim of this work was to determine the role of phonological memory, word reading, oromotor sequencing, and oromotor control on nonword repetition performance in the context of children's speech and language abilities. Ninety one children between the ages of 9 and 11 years, with a broad range of speech and language abilities participated in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1674799DOI Listing

Predictive value of psychological assessment at five years of age in the long-term follow-up of very preterm children.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 3;26(3):312-323. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Children's Hospital, Pediatric Research Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

The aims of this study were to 1) assess the predictive value of psychological assessment at five years of age on the need for educational support in very preterm children, and 2) report the neuropsychological profile of very preterm children at eleven years of age and risk factors for poorer neuropsychological functions. A cohort of 167 very preterm children was included (birth weight ≤ 1500 g and/or gestational age < 32 weeks). At five years of age, intellectual functioning was assessed with Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised and neuropsychological performance with NEPSY II. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1674267DOI Listing
April 2020
1 Read

Stroop-like animal size test: Links with child effortful control, personality and problem behavior.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 19;26(3):409-432. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Child Development and Individual Differences, Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia.

This study examined children's performance on the Stroop-like animal size test and its relations to parent-reported temperamental effortful control, personality, and common emotional and behavioral problems in a Russian sample of 5-12-year-olds (N = 202). The animal size test demonstrated a Stroop-like effect for accuracy and response time (RT) in both genders and across all ages. Children's performance on the animal size test considerably improved with age such that older children performed more accurately, were faster and their responses were less variable than younger children's responses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1665173DOI Listing

Vitamin D deficiency in school-age Iranian children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms: A critical comparison with healthy controls.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 May 13;26(4):460-474. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The associations between serum vitamin D levels and the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms were assessed among Iranian hospitalized children (50 ADHD cases and 50 healthy (non-ADHD) controls) during 2014-2015. Levels of ADHD severity and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) were determined by the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) test and an ELISA kit, respectively. The serum 25OHD concentrations of <10, 10-29, and >30 ng/mL were respectively considered as deficient (severe deficiency), insufficient (mild deficiency), and sufficient levels of vitamin D. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1665638DOI Listing

[Formula: see text] Long-term verbal memory deficit and associated hippocampal alterations in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 28;26(3):289-311. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Developmental Imaging and Psychopathology Lab, Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva School of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genetic disease associated with an increased risk for schizophrenia and a specific cognitive profile. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1657392DOI Listing

"Cerebellar lesions after low-grade tumor resection can induce memory impairment in children, similar to that observed in patients with frontal lesions".

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 27;26(3):388-408. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

The aim of the present study was to specify if cerebellar lesions cause memory impairment in children. The study sample consisted of 44 children with low-grade cerebellar astrocytoma, who underwent surgical treatment and 30 healthy controls, matched with regard to age and sex. Memory was tested using the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test AVLT, Corsi Block-Tapping Test, Digit Span, Digit Backwards and Information Subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised WISC-R (PL). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1657391DOI Listing
April 2020
1 Read

Inhibitory control and temporal perception in cerebral palsy.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 26;26(3):362-387. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

National Distance Education University (UNED).

Prepotent response inhibition and temporal perception abilities were explored in a sample of individuals with cerebral palsy relative to typically developing peers. The extent to which inhibitory control difficulties might affect temporal processing was also investigated. For this purpose, two inhibitory control tasks and two duration estimation tasks were given to the groups of cerebral palsy and typically developing children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1656712DOI Listing
April 2020
1 Read

Effect of READ1 on latent profiles of reading disorder and comorbid attention and language impairment subtypes.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 14;26(2):145-169. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Child and Youth Studies, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Recent studies of co-occurring reading disorder (RD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and co-occurring RD and language impairment (LI), support a core disability plus co-occurrence model focused on language and attention. Genetic factors have been associated with poor reading performance. However, little is known about whether different genetic variants independently contribute to RD co-occurrence subtypes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1648642DOI Listing
February 2020
2 Reads

Identifying neuropsychological predictors of drawing skills in elementary school children.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 8;26(3):345-361. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Developmental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italy.

Much evidence indicates that drawing is related to different neuropsychological abilities in children. However, a comprehensive cognitive model of drawing in children is still lacking. Here, we conducted a study on the neuropsychological predictors of drawing in a sample of 142 typically developing elementary school children ( age = 8. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1651834DOI Listing

Prenatal socioeconomic status and social support are associated with neonatal brain morphology, toddler language and psychiatric symptoms.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 6;26(2):170-188. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Institute for the Developing Mind, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Few studies have assessed the association of parental socioeconomic status (SES) with brain measures in neonates, at a time when exposure to the postnatal environment is minimal. Social support may buffer the adverse consequences of SES, and has been associated with better cognitive - emotional development in children. We studied the association of prenatal SES and social support with neonatal brain structure, and toddler cognition, and psychiatric symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1648641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6930975PMC
February 2020

[Formula: see text] The unique contribution of working memory, inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and intelligence to reading comprehension and reading speed.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 5;26(3):324-344. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau in der Pfalz, Germany.

There are several studies showing that executive functions such as working memory, inhibition, and cognitive flexibility are related to reading abilities. However, most of these studies did not simultaneously take different executive functions and intelligence into account. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate if working memory, inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and fluid intelligence uniquely contribute to reading. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1649381DOI Listing

Does a computerized neuropsychological test predict prolonged recovery in concussed children presenting to the ED?

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 31;26(1):54-68. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Brain and Mind Group, Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Computerized neuropsychological tests (CNTs) are widely used internationally in concussion management. Their prognostic value for predicting recovery post-concussion is poorly understood, particularly in pediatric populations. The aim of the present study was to examine whether cognitive functioning (measured by CogSport) has prognostic value for predicting rapid versus slow recovery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1639653DOI Listing
January 2020
3 Reads

Psychometric analyses of the Tower of London planning task reveal high reliability and feasibility in typically developing children and child patients with ASD and ADHD.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 23;26(2):257-273. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Neuroradiology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

The Tower of London (TOL) is probably the most often used assessment tool for planning ability in healthy and clinical samples. Various versions, including our proposed standard problem set, have proven to be feasible and reliable in adults. In contrast, reliability information for typically developing (TD) children and neurodevelopmental disorders during childhood are largely missing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1642317DOI Listing
February 2020
2 Reads

[Formula: see text] Measuring visual matching and short-term recognition memory with the CANTAB® Delayed Matching to Sample task in schoolchildren: Effects of demographic influences, multiple outcome measures and regression-based normative data.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 22;26(2):189-218. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

The study aims to establish demographically corrected, pediatric norms for the computerized Delayed Matching to Sample (DMS) test, a measure of "visual matching ability and short-term visual recognition memory, for non-verbalisable problems". The DMS was administered to = 184 children aged 5.10 to 14. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1642316DOI Listing
February 2020

[Formula: see text] Executive dysfunction in children and adolescents with behavior disorders and traumatic brain injury.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 16;26(1):69-82. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to contribute to deficits in executive functioning (EF). Executive functioning abilities are disrupted in adolescents with either conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder, collectively known as disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs). There is little research on the relationship between executive dysfunction and DBDs in a group with a confirmed history of TBI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1640868DOI Listing
January 2020