720 results match your criteria Child Maltreatment[Journal]


Assessing, Consulting, Reporting Heuristics in Professional Decision-Making Regarding Suspected Child Maltreatment in Community Healthcare Services.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jul 7:1077559520937351. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Clalit Health Services, Haifa and West Galilee District, Israel.

This study investigated child protection decision-making practices of healthcare-professionals in community-health-services. We examined the effect of heuristics in professional judgments regarding suspected maltreatment, as affected by the child's ethnicity, gender, and family socioeconomic-status, as well as the healthcare-worker's workload-stress, and personal and professional background. Furthermore, we examined how these variables influence judgments regarding suspected maltreatment and intentions to consult and report child-maltreatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520937351DOI Listing

Earlier Contact with Child Protection Services Among Children of Parents With Criminal Convictions and Mental Disorders.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jul 3:1077559520935204. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Parental history of offending and/or mental illness are risk factors for child maltreatment. However, limited research has directly contrasted the role of maternal versus paternal criminal offending or mental health problems in contributing to earlier contact with the child protection system. In this study we examined the relative contributions of these risk factors in relation to the time to the offspring's first report to child protection services, or first placement in out of home care (OOHC), using administrative records for a population sample of 71,661 children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520935204DOI Listing

Child Sexual Abuse and Risk of Revictimization: Impact of Child Demographics, Sexual Abuse Characteristics, and Psychiatric Disorders.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 23:1077559520932665. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Alphington, Victoria, Australia.

Approximately half of child sexual abuse (CSA) victims report sexual revictimization later in life; however, there is limited rigorous evidence concerning factors contributing to sexual and nonsexual forms of revictimization. This article investigates the relationships between CSA and a range of revictimization experiences. It also examines the role of other individual-level factors (demographics, CSA characteristics, psychiatric disorders) in the risk of revictimization. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520932665DOI Listing

A Systematic Review and Synthesis of Trauma-Informed Care Within Outpatient and Counseling Health Settings for Young People.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 15:1077559520927468. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Orygen, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

There is growing consensus that outpatient health services for young people (aged 12-25 years) need to deliver trauma-informed care to ameliorate the effects of trauma, offer safe treatments, and avoid retraumatization. Trauma-informed care has become a familiar term for many professionals; however, its operating definition lacks clarity. MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO were systematically searched to clarify what trauma-informed care is, and what it should achieve in these settings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520927468DOI Listing

Maternal Reminiscing Is Associated With Preschoolers' Reports of Maltreatment During Forensic Interviews.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 15:1077559520925180. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

University of Notre Dame, IN, USA.

Children's reports during forensic interviews regarding maltreatment allegations are often critical for legal processes and for guiding decisions regarding services for children and their families. Field research examining forensic interviews with children has identified a wide range in the amount of information children report to interviewers. Research examining associations between children's forensic reports and their broader ecological and developmental contexts related to autobiographical memory would critically contribute to our understanding of children's reports of trauma during forensic investigations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520925180DOI Listing

Incidence of Injury, Maltreatment, and Developmental Disorders Among Substance Exposed Infants.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 10:1077559520930818. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Recent changes to federal legislation created a requirement for states to address the needs of infants with prenatal substance exposure. Understanding clinical outcomes among substance exposed infants prior to these changes is important for establishing a baseline of risk and informing systems-level responses. Using North Carolina, Georgia, and Texas Medicaid data, we examined the incidence of inpatient and outpatient diagnoses for injury, maltreatment, and developmental disorders prior to age 12 months and compared types of diagnoses among substance exposed and unexposed infants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520930818DOI Listing

Young Children's Ability to Describe Intermediate Clothing Placement.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 5:1077559520930825. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

University of Southern California Gould School of Law, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Children's ability to adequately describe clothing placement is essential to evaluating their allegations of sexual abuse. Intermediate clothing placement (partially removed clothing) may be difficult for young children to describe, requiring more detailed explanations to indicate the location of clothing (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520930825DOI Listing

Testosterone Associations With Parents' Child Abuse Risk and At-Risk Parenting: A Multimethod Longitudinal Examination.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 5:1077559520930819. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC, USA.

The current investigation considered salivary testosterone as a potential biomarker of physical child abuse risk. Parents enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal, multimethod study beginning prenatally provided saliva when their toddlers were 18 months old. Mothers and fathers self-reported on their empathy, frustration tolerance, and child abuse risk, as well as completing analog tasks of frustration intolerance and child abuse risk and participating in structured parent-child interactions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520930819DOI Listing

Poverty and Economic Pressure, Financial Assistance, and Children's Behavioral Health in Kinship Care.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 28:1077559520926568. Epub 2020 May 28.

School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

About half of kinship families live in poverty, and one third of them receive financial assistance such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and foster care payments. This study selected children who remained in kinship care ( = 267) for three waves from nationally representative data and examined the longitudinal associations among poverty, economic pressure, financial assistance, and children's behavioral health outcomes in kinship care. Results from multilevel mixed-effects generalized linear models indicated that having economic pressure and receiving TANF were associated with increases in kinship children's internalizing and externalizing problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520926568DOI Listing

Factors Associated With Caregiver-Child Symptom Concordance Among Trauma-Exposed Children.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 28:1077559520927472. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-St. Louis, MO, USA.

Concordance in caregivers' and children's reports of children's trauma-related symptoms is often low, and symptom discrepancies are associated with negative clinical implications. The aim of the current study was to examine the degree of concordance between children's and caregivers' reports of trauma-related difficulties and determine whether any child or family characteristics were associated with symptom agreement. Three hundred thirteen trauma-exposed children ( 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520927472DOI Listing

Young Children and Ongoing Child Welfare Services: A Multilevel Examination of Clinical and Worker Characteristics.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 28:1077559520923757. Epub 2020 May 28.

McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

There is a growing body of research that underscores that young child welfare-involved children are a unique vulnerable subgroup of children. The decision to provide postinvestigation child welfare services is consequential to children's safety and well-being and has fiscal implications for organizations. Despite the potential ramifications of the decision, there is little known about the factors associated with the ongoing services provision for young children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520923757DOI Listing

Childhood Maltreatment and Psychosis: A Comparative Validity Study of Maltreatment Indices.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 28:1077559520927475. Epub 2020 May 28.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Childhood maltreatment is a robust risk factor for psychosis, but it remains unclear whether different measurement methods provide equivalent validity in predicting psychotic symptoms. This study compared the predictive validity of two common indices of maltreatment at age 12-children's self-report and Child Protective Services (CPS) reports-on the development of psychotic symptoms at age 18 using data from a large, multisite longitudinal study ( = 629). Consistent with prior research, agreement was low between indices, with the prevalence of self-reported maltreatment being 2-3 times higher. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520927475DOI Listing

Association Between Mothers' Alcohol Use Histories and Deficient Parenting in an Economically Disadvantaged Sample.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 20:1077559520925550. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The University of Iowa, IA, USA.

Objective: Problematic maternal alcohol use confers risk for child maltreatment, though the effect on specific aspects of parenting is unclear. This study examined concurrent and prospective links among maternal alcohol use history, care neglect, supervisory neglect, and harsh or inconsistent discipline.

Method: Multimethod multisource data were utilized to assess deficient parenting in 311 economically disadvantaged mothers at high risk of child maltreatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520925550DOI Listing

Peer Relations and Delinquency Among Girls in Foster Care Following a Skill-Building Preventive Intervention.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 14:1077559520923033. Epub 2020 May 14.

University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

There is evidence that risk for delinquency is elevated among girls with foster care histories, and one correlate of delinquency is affiliating with peers who engage in delinquent behavior. Although intervention studies have shown positive effects of interventions that target delinquent peer affiliation on reductions in delinquency among adolescents with juvenile justice histories, the success of such interventions for younger girls in foster care, without prior involvement with juvenile justice, is unknown. We analyzed data from a randomized clinical trial of the middle school version of the Keep Safe intervention in a sample of girls in foster care ( = 100). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520923033DOI Listing

Variation in States' Implementation of CAPTA's Substance-Exposed Infants Mandates: A Policy Diffusion Analysis.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 5:1077559520922313. Epub 2020 May 5.

School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

In 2016, federal law changed state child welfare mandates related to prenatally substance-exposed infants. Little is known regarding the status or implications of policy implementation. The current study examined thematic clusters among states' policies responsive to this 2016 mandate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520922313DOI Listing

Healing Interpersonal and Racial Trauma: Integrating Racial Socialization Into Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for African American Youth.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 5:1077559520921457. Epub 2020 May 5.

Family Medicine and Community Health, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

African American youth are more likely than their peers from other racial and ethnic groups to experience interpersonal traumas and traumatic racist and discriminatory encounters. Unfortunately, evidence-based trauma treatments have been less effective among these youth likely due to these treatments not being culturally tailored to address both interpersonal and racial trauma. In this article, we utilize the racial encounter coping appraisal and socialization theory to propose suggestions for adapting trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy-an evidence-based trauma treatment for children and adolescents-to include racial socialization or the process of transmitting culture, attitudes, and values to help youth overcome stressors associated with ethnic minority status. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520921457DOI Listing

The Association Between Maternal Reminiscing and Maternal Perpetration of Neglect.

Child Maltreat 2020 Apr 23:1077559520916241. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

University of Notre Dame, IN, USA.

The elaborative and sensitive guidance of maternal reminiscing are robust facilitators of children's cognitive and socioemotional development. Maternal reminiscing has been identified as impaired among maltreating mothers and as a mechanism linking maltreatment with poor developmental outcomes. Few studies, however, have examined associations between maternal reminiscing and the severity of abuse, neglect, and emotional maltreatment perpetrated by mothers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520916241DOI Listing

Child Maltreatment Welcomes New Board Members.

Authors:

Child Maltreat 2020 May;25(2):135-136

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520921275DOI Listing

Pathways From Parental Substance Use to Child Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors in a Child Protective Services Sample.

Authors:
Kristen D Seay

Child Maltreat 2020 Apr 1:1077559520913638. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

College of Social Work, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

This study examines the role of mediation in the pathway from parental substance use to children developing child internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II, a random half sample (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520913638DOI Listing

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Canada: Main and Moderating Effects of Primary Caregiver Cognitive Impairment.

Child Maltreat 2020 Mar 31:1077559520910806. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Children of parents with cognitive impairment are overrepresented in the child protection system (CPS). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between primary caregiver cognitive impairment (CCI) and CPS investigation outcomes using the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008). The CIS-2008 includes process and outcomes data on a national sample of CPS investigations involving a total of 15,980 children under the age of 16 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520910806DOI Listing

Setting the Ground Rules: Use and Practice of Ground Rules in Child Forensic Interviews.

Child Maltreat 2020 Mar 25:1077559520910783. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Gould School of Law, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Most child forensic interviewing protocols recommend that interviewers administer a series of ground rules to emphasize concepts that are important to accurately answering interview questions. Limited research has examined whether interviewers follow ground rules recommendations in real-world forensic interviews. In this study, we examined how often highly trained interviewers presented and practiced each of the recommended ground rules. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520910783DOI Listing

Parental Exposure to Childhood Maltreatment and Offspring's Mental Health: Investigating Pathways Through Parental Adversity and Offspring Exposure to Maltreatment.

Child Maltreat 2020 Mar 25:1077559520912342. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Parental exposure to child maltreatment (CM) is an important predictor of their offspring's CM experiences and mental health. However, less attention has been paid to examine possible mechanisms of transmission, which is critical to inform prevention and intervention efforts. The current study tested (1) whether the association between parental CM exposure and offspring CM exposure was mediated by (a) parental exposure to violence in adulthood or (b) other emotional stressors/adversities in adulthood and (2) the indirect effects from parental CM exposure to offspring mental health outcomes through parental adversity and offspring CM exposure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520912342DOI Listing

School Absenteeism Associated With Child Protection System Involvement, Maltreatment Type, and Time in Out-of-Home Care.

Child Maltreat 2020 Mar 13:1077559520907682. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Australian Centre for Precision Health, Cancer Research Institute, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Greater school absenteeism is associated with numerous negative educational outcomes. We used a retrospective cohort design with linked administrative data on 296,422 children to examine the relationship between school absenteeism and child protection system (CPS) involvement. Children with substantiated maltreatment had 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520907682DOI Listing

From Child Welfare to Jail: Mediating Effects of Juvenile Justice Placement and Other System Involvement.

Child Maltreat 2020 Mar 5:1077559520904144. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

This study examines the effects of child welfare, mental health, and drug/alcohol system experiences on jail involvement, as mediated by juvenile justice placement, for Black and White youth/young adults. The sample was comprised of individuals born between 1985 and 1994 with child welfare involvement in an urban Pennsylvania county ( = 37,079) and an out-of-home placement (OOHP) subsample ( = 8,317). Four path models were estimated (two full samples, two subsamples; separate models for Black and White youth). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520904144DOI Listing

Prospective Associations of Child Maltreatment Subtypes With Adult Educational Attainment: Tests of Mediating Mechanisms Through School-Related Outcomes.

Child Maltreat 2020 Feb 4:1077559519900806. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

This study tests a developmental cascades model in which childhood maltreatment is hypothesized to influence adult educational attainment by increasing attention problems and reducing successful school experiences during adolescence. Two path models tested direct and indirect associations of childhood maltreatment with adult educational attainment. Model 1 used three parent-reported subtypes of childhood maltreatment (physical/emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519900806DOI Listing
February 2020

Reducing the Number of Children Entering Foster Care: Effects of State Earned Income Tax Credits.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jan 24:1077559519900922. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Foster care caseloads, an indicator of child maltreatment, are increasing. Children living in poverty are significantly more likely to be reported to the child welfare system and are overrepresented in foster care. Thus, it is critical to identify prevention strategies that can stem the flow of foster care entries, particularly among populations at higher risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519900922DOI Listing
January 2020

Outcomes in Adulthood After Long-Term Foster Care: A Sibling Approach.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jan 21:1077559519898755. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

When a child is removed from their home and placed in foster care, society takes over the responsibility for that child's well-being and development. Failure to provide a child with a nurturing upbringing may have negative consequences for the child as well as for society. Using Swedish longitudinal registry data for a national cohort sample of siblings, in which some were placed in foster care and others remained in their birth parents' care, this study asks whether long-term foster care ensures improved life chances. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519898755DOI Listing
January 2020

Elaborative Reminiscing and Child Receptive Language in the Context of Maltreatment: The Moderating Role of Maternal Sensitivity.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jan 17:1077559519898753. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, IN, USA.

This study investigated whether the effect of maternal elaborative reminiscing on child language is moderated by maternal sensitivity and whether this association depends on children's experience of maltreatment. A total of 236 mothers and their 3- to 7-year-old children (mean age = 5 years) were observed interacting with experimenter-provided toys in the lab and at home, and maternal sensitivity was coded from these interactions. Of that, 155 of the children had a history of maltreatment with the mother being named a perpetrator, and the remaining dyads were demographically matched with no history of maltreatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519898753DOI Listing
January 2020

Forensic Interviewers' Difficulty With Invitations: Faux Invitations and Negative Recasting.

Child Maltreat 2019 Dec 26:1077559519895593. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

An ongoing challenge for forensic interviewers is to maximize their use of invitations, such as requests that the child "tell me more about" details mentioned by the child. Examining 434 interviews with 4- to 12-year-old children questioned about abuse, this study analyzed (1) faux invitations, in which interviewers prefaced questions with "tell me" but then asked a noninvitation, (2) negative recasts, in which interviewers started to ask an invitation but then recast the question as a wh- or option-posing question, and (3) other aspects of questions that may relate to productivity independent of their status as invitations. About one fourth of "tell me" questions were faux invitations, and over 80% of recasts were negative. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519895593DOI Listing
December 2019

Enhancing the Identification of Commercial Sexual Exploitation Among a Population of High-Risk Youths Using Predictive Regularization Models.

Child Maltreat 2019 Dec 20:1077559519889178. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Violence and Justice Research Laboratory, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Despite an increasing awareness about the existence and harms of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), the identification of victims remains a challenge for practitioners, hindering their ability to provide appropriate services. Tools that gauge risk of CSEC support the identification of victims but are underdeveloped because most tools assess risk of CSEC within a general youth population. An understanding of what predicts actual CSEC victimizations among youths at higher risk of CSEC due to experiences of childhood adversities has been left unassessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519889178DOI Listing
December 2019

Motivational Interviewing in Child Welfare Services: A Systematic Review.

Child Maltreat 2019 Dec 12:1077559519893471. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

University of Louisville, KY, USA.

Families in the child welfare (CW) system who cannot be engaged in services are at high risk of negative outcomes. As motivational interviewing (MI) has been shown to improve engagement in similar contexts. This study aimed to systematically review MI with CW families as well as MI training with CW workers and social work students training to become CW workers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519893471DOI Listing
December 2019

Inequities in Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma According to Neighborhood Social and Material Deprivation: A Population-Level Study in British Columbia, Canada.

Child Maltreat 2019 Dec 12:1077559519892332. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: To explore the relationship between neighborhood social and material deprivation and the rates of abusive head trauma (AHT), and whether it differs according to sex, and following the implementation of the () program.

Method: A cross-sectional study design was applied to data from children 0 to 24 months old with a confirmed AHT diagnosis between 2005 and 2017 in British Columbia. Dissemination area-based social and material deprivation scores were assigned to residential areas, where AHT cases were recorded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519892332DOI Listing
December 2019

Estimating the Heritability of Experiencing Child Maltreatment in an Extended Family Design.

Child Maltreat 2019 Nov 27:1077559519888587. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Primary Care Unit, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Child-driven genetic factors can contribute to negative parenting and may increase the risk of being maltreated. Experiencing childhood maltreatment may be partly heritable, but results of twin studies are mixed. In the current study, we used a cross-sectional extended family design to estimate genetic and environmental effects on experiencing child maltreatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519888587DOI Listing
November 2019

Does a Close Relationship With an Adult Reduce the Risk of Juvenile Offending for Youth With a History of Maltreatment?

Child Maltreat 2019 Nov 10:1077559519883010. Epub 2019 Nov 10.

Department of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY, USA.

Social support is frequently cited as a protective factor against juvenile offending. The current study examined whether a close relationship with an adult in childhood decreases the risk for offending among individuals with a history of child maltreatment. This research utilized data from a prospective cohort design study in which children with court-substantiated cases of abuse and neglect and nonmaltreated children matched on age, sex, race, and approximate family social class were followed into adulthood ( = 1,196). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519883010DOI Listing
November 2019

The Effect of CASA on Child Welfare Permanency Outcomes.

Child Maltreat 2019 Oct 14:1077559519879510. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

The present study is the largest and most rigorous study to date on the effects of being appointed a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) on permanency outcomes of children in foster care. The intent-to-treat study accounts for selection bias by applying inverse probability weighting to logistic and sequential logistic regressions in a large sample of children in foster care in the state of Texas ( = 31,754). Overall, children appointed a CASA have significantly lower odds than children without a CASA of achieving permanency. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519879510DOI Listing
October 2019

Parenting Interventions for Mothers With Problematic Substance Use: A Systematic Review of Research and Community Practice.

Child Maltreat 2019 Oct 14:1077559519873047. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Women with problematic substance use are frequently referred to interventions to promote positive parenting. Parenting interventions that attend to the unique risks faced by this population may enhance engagement and outcomes. While reviews of extant parenting interventions in the research literature have been undertaken, no studies have examined parenting interventions being implemented in community practice and the extent to which these are informed by current research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519873047DOI Listing
October 2019

Are Negative Parental Attributions Predicted by Situational Stress? From a Theoretical Assumption Toward an Experimental Answer.

Child Maltreat 2019 Oct 8:1077559519879760. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Institute of Education and Child Studies, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

In an experimental within-subjects research design, we studied the theoretical assumption that stress predicts negative parental attributions, which until now was mainly studied using cross-sectional study designs. During home visits to 105 families, mothers and fathers were subjected to two experimental conditions and two control conditions. In the experimental conditions, parents completed the Parental Attributions of Child behavior Task (PACT, a computerized attribution task) under two different stressful conditions (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519879760DOI Listing
October 2019

Alcohol Use and Harm to Children by Parents and Other Adults.

Child Maltreat 2019 Oct 8:1077559519878514. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

This study used mixed methods to examine parent-reported harm to children (lack of supervision or physical harm) due to alcohol use by themselves or someone else as well as parent beliefs about alcohol, parenting, and harms to children. We conducted a cross-sectional general population survey of 1,599 parents who were primary caregivers to a child aged 10 or younger and follow-up interviews with 23 parents who responded "yes" to one of the questions about alcohol use causing harm their child. Survey data were analyzed using multilevel logistic models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519878514DOI Listing
October 2019

Discordance in Reporting of Maternal Aggression: Exploring Differences by Characteristics of Children, Mothers, and Their Environments.

Child Maltreat 2019 Sep 17:1077559519876033. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

School of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

This study investigated discordant reports of maternal aggression using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study ( = 1,606). Multinomial logistic regression models predicted discordant reports of hitting and shouting from child, mother, and environmental characteristics. Compared to dyads in which both mothers and children reported aggression, mothers with a college degree had higher child-only and mother-only reports of both hitting and shouting versus mothers with less than a high school diploma. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519876033DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Sexual Abuse Disclosure Mediates the Effect of an Abuse Prevention Program on Substantiation.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 16;25(2):215-223. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

The University of Evansville, Evansville, IN, USA.

Although abuse prevention programs have proliferated, little research has explored the direct effects of such programs on actual child sexual abuse disclosure rates, and no research has explored the effects of such programs on child sexual abuse substantiation. Employing a quasi-experimental design, the present research reflects an exploration of the effects of exposure to the Think First and Stay Safe™ abuse prevention program on abuse disclosure rates of 319 children who underwent a child forensic interview within 2015-2018 in a Midwestern child advocacy center. Supporting our mediational hypotheses, children exposed (vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519874884DOI Listing
May 2020
1 Read

Sexual Abuse and Assault in a Large National Sample of Children and Adolescents.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 16;25(2):203-214. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

The present study sought to examine features of sexual abuse cases among a U.S. nationally representative sample of 13,052 children and adolescents, ages 0-17 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519873975DOI Listing
May 2020
2 Reads

Child Maltreatment and Aggressive Behaviors in Early Adolescence: Evidence of Moderation by Parent/Child Relationship Quality.

Authors:
Abigail A Fagan

Child Maltreat 2020 May 12;25(2):182-191. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The cycle of violence suggests that maltreatment increases children's aggression, but research shows that many children are resilient to the harms caused by maltreatment. This study examines whether or not parent/child relationship quality accounts for variation in the impact of maltreatment on aggression and hypothesizes that the effect will be weaker for children who have better relationships with their caregivers. Race differences in these effects are also examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519874401DOI Listing
May 2020
4 Reads

Risk Factors for Attrition From Pediatric Trauma-Focused Treatment.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 11;25(2):172-181. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-St. Louis, MO, USA.

Rates of attrition from pediatric trauma-focused treatments are high, yet few studies have examined predictors of dropout. The aim of the study was to investigate whether higher levels of caregiver- and child-reported pretreatment difficulties predicted attrition from trauma-focused therapy. One hundred seventy-two children aged 6-18 ( = 10. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519874406DOI Listing

Assessing Children's Credibility in Courtroom Investigations of Alleged Child Sexual Abuse: Suggestibility, Plausibility, and Consistency.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 8;25(2):224-232. Epub 2019 Sep 8.

Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

As children's testimonies of child sexual abuse (CSA) often lack concrete evidence to corroborate a child's claims, attorneys devote a substantial amount of time to establishing a child as credible during the course of a trial. Examining 134 CSA victim testimonies for children aged 5-17 ( = 12.48, = 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519872825DOI Listing
May 2020
1 Read

Childhood Maltreatment, Cortical and Amygdala Morphometry, Functional Connectivity, Laterality, and Psychopathology.

Child Maltreat 2019 11 8;24(4):458-465. Epub 2019 Sep 8.

Developmental Biopsychiatry Research Program, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, USA, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Child maltreatment (CM) is the most important preventable risk factor for psychopathology and there is a pressing need to understand how CM gets 'under the skin' to markedly increase risk in some individuals as well as a comparable effort to identify factors associated with better than expected outcomes in other individuals. This special issue of Child Maltreatment provides a series of sophisticated studies on the neurobiological impact of CM, of which we have chosen 4 articles to comment on.The articles by Oshri et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519870845DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Child, Family, and Case Characteristics Associated With Reentry Into Out-of-Home Care Among Children and Youth Involved With Child Protection Services.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 20;25(2):162-171. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Larimer County Department of Human Services, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Many children and youth with child protection services (CPS) involvement enter out-of-home care. The aims of this study were to examine rates of reentry and risk factors associated with reentry into out-of-home care among children and youth involved in the child protection (reported for abuse/neglect) and youth-in-conflict (reported for behavioral issues) programs. This study used administrative data from Colorado's Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information System, which contains information on all children and youth who enter Colorado's CPS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519869395DOI Listing

Safeguarding Capabilities in Preventing Child Sexual Abuse: Exploratory Factor Analysis of a Scale Measuring Safeguarding Capabilities in Youth-Serving Organizations Workers.

Child Maltreat 2020 May 20;25(2):233-242. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Media reports and government enquiries have shone a spotlight on institutional child sexual abuse (CSA) globally. With youth-serving organizations seeking to identify how to improve policies and procedures developed to protect children, a gap exists in research and organizational quality assurance procedures. A new tool is needed to measure the capability of workers to implement and support effective child-safeguarding policies and practices. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519870253DOI Listing
May 2020
1 Read

Understanding the Neurobiological Implications of Maltreatment: A Commentary on the Special Issue.

Authors:
Kalsea J Koss

Child Maltreat 2019 11 19;24(4):452-457. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

A large body of evidence demonstrates the deleterious effects of childhood maltreatment that span across multiple levels of functioning and throughout development. This commentary highlights the important research in this special issue of that advances our understanding of the neural and physiological implications of maltreatment. Throughout, the commentary calls attention to critical issues in the study of maltreatment and neurobiological processes for future work in this area. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519869843DOI Listing
November 2019

Introduction to the Special Issue on Understanding Neurobiological Implication of Maltreatment: From Preschool to Emerging Adulthood.

Child Maltreat 2019 11 19;24(4):335-339. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Human Development and Family Science, The Youth Development Institute, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519869842DOI Listing
November 2019