8,078 results match your criteria Child Language Teaching & Therapy[Journal]


Maternal interactive beliefs and style as predictors of language development in preterm and full term children.

J Child Lang 2020 Jun 18:1-29. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

School of Education, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.

Previous research has shown that the quality of mother-child interactions between pre-term children and their mothers tends to be poorer than that of full-term children and their mothers (Forcada-Guex, Pierrehumbert, Borghini, Moessinger & Muller-Nix, 2006). Mothers of pre-term children are less responsive and more intrusive in interactions with their children than mothers of full-term children (Forcada-Guex et al., 2006; Ionio, Lista, Mascheroni, Olivari, Confalonieri, Mastrangelo, Brazzoduro, Balestriero, Banfi, Bonanomi, Bova, Castoldi, Colombo, Introvini & Scelsa, 2017; Laing, McMahon, Ungerer, Taylor, Badawi & Spence, 2010). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000920000148DOI Listing

She Thinks in English, But She Wants in Mandarin: Differences in Singaporean Bilingual English-Mandarin Maternal Mental-State-Talk.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Jun 27;10(7). Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639818, Singapore.

Chinese-speaking parents are believed to use less cognitive mental-state-talk than their English-speaking counterparts on account of their cultural goals in socializing their children to follow an interdependence script. Here, we investigated bilingual English-Mandarin Singaporean mothers who associate different functions for each language as prescribed by their government: English for school and Mandarin for in-group contexts. English and Mandarin maternal mental-state-talk from bilingual English-Mandarin mothers with their toddlers was examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10070106DOI Listing

Identifying interactive biological pathways associated with reading disability.

Brain Behav 2020 Jun 28:e01735. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Introduction: Past research has suggested that reading disability is a complex disorder involving genetic and environment contributions, as well as gene-gene and gene-environment interaction, but to date little is known about the underlying mechanisms.

Method: Using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, we assessed the contributions of genetic, demographic, and environmental variables on case-control status using machine learning. We investigated the functional interactions between genes using pathway and network analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1735DOI Listing

The social brain of language: grounding second language learning in social interaction.

NPJ Sci Learn 2020 19;5. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Graduate School of International Cultural Studies & Department of Human Brain Science, Institute of Development, Aging, and Cancer, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai Japan.

For centuries, adults may have relied on pedagogies that promote rote memory for the learning of foreign languages through word associations and grammar rules. This contrasts sharply with child language learning which unfolds in socially interactive contexts. In this paper, we advocate an approach to study the social brain of language by grounding second language learning in social interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41539-020-0068-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305321PMC

Expressive language development in adolescents with Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome: change over time and the role of family-related factors.

J Neurodev Disord 2020 Jun 27;12(1):18. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

The MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, 2825 50th Street, Rm 2101, Sacramento, CA, 95817, USA.

Background: It is well known that individuals with Down syndrome (DS) or fragile X syndrome (FXS) demonstrate expressive language difficulties beginning early in childhood. It is less clear, however, whether expressive language skills change during the adolescent period in these individuals, and if any of these changes are syndrome specific. Studying this, as well as the role of maternal and family-related factors in expressive language development, may provide the foundation for efficacious interventions for adolescents with DS or FXS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11689-020-09320-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321535PMC

Reduced neural selectivity for mental states in deaf children with delayed exposure to sign language.

Nat Commun 2020 Jun 26;11(1):3246. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 43 Vassar Street, 46-4021, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.

Language provides a rich source of information about other people's thoughts and feelings. Consequently, delayed access to language may influence conceptual development in Theory of Mind (ToM). We use functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioral tasks to study ToM development in child (n = 33, 4-12 years old) and adult (n = 36) fluent signers of American Sign Language (ASL), and characterize neural ToM responses during ASL and movie-viewing tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17004-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319957PMC

Art Meets Sport: What Can Actor Training Bring to Physical Literacy Programs?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 23;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Macquarie School of Education, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia.

The aim of this communication is to highlight synergies and opportunities between the fields of education, sport and health and the performing arts for the promotion of physical literacy. First, physical literacy is introduced and then defined according to the definition used in this communication. Secondly, we highlight the gap in physical literacy interventions, in that they do not address learning based on a holistic comprehensive definition of physical literacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124497DOI Listing

Association Between Preschoolers' Specific Fine (But Not Gross) Motor Skills and Later Academic Competencies: Educational Implications.

Front Psychol 2020 5;11:1044. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Social Psychology and Quantitative Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Motor development is an inseparable component of cognitive development. So, to develop the mind, it is necessary to work the body. Therefore, Early Childhood Education curricula and the scientific literature emphasize the need to promote the development of motor skills during the 1st years of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289974PMC

Global implementation of the world health organization's international classification of diseases (ICD)-11: the allergic and hypersensitivity conditions model.

Allergy 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

University Hospital of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) provides a common language for use worldwide as a diagnostic and classification tool for epidemiology, clinical purposes and health management. Since its first edition, the ICD has maintained a framework distributing conditions according to topography, with the result that some complex conditions, such as allergies and hypersensitivity disorders (A/H) including anaphylaxis, have been poorly represented. The change in hierarchy in ICD-11 permitted the construction of the pioneer section addressed to A/H, which may result in more accurate mortality and morbidity statistics, including more accurate accounting for mortality due to anaphylaxis, strengthen classification, terminology and definitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14468DOI Listing

Risk and Protective Factors for Bullying at 11 Years of Age in a Spanish Birth Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 19;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Faculty of Psychology of the University of the Basque Country, 20018 Donostia/San Sebastian, Spain.

(1) Background: Bullying affects a large number of children worldwide. This study has two objectives, to provide data on the prevalence of bullying in Spain, and to identify risk and protective factors associated with bullying. (2) Methods: Participants were 858 eleven-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124428DOI Listing

Parent reported barriers and facilitators towards cochlear implantation - A systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 12;136:110163. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Context: Early identification and intervention of hearing loss at a young age leads to long term benefits from language, communication, social, educational and financial aspects. Cochlear implantation is a widely recommended rehabilitation option for hearing loss. The process of cochlear implantation is a long one and the role played by parents is crucial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110163DOI Listing

Capitalizing on cross-language similarities in intervention with bilingual children.

J Commun Disord 2020 Jun 1;87:106004. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study examined the effects of a vocabulary intervention for bilingual children that was conducted in children's first language, Spanish, and included explicit instruction on cognates. We measured effects in terms of change from pre- to post-intervention in Spanish as well as associations with the non-target language, English.

Method: Participants were 12 Spanish-English bilingual children, aged 6-8 years, with and without Developmental Language Disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2020.106004DOI Listing

Parent-child joint reading is related to an increased fixation time on print during storytelling among preschool children.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 16;143:105596. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Educational Neuroimaging Center, Faculty of Education in Science and Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Technion, Israel; Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Print exposure in early childhood is related to linguistic skills such as oral language, reading comprehension and spelling during school years. A common way of exposing preschool children to print is during joint storytelling. Research has shown that total fixation time on print during storytelling is between 2% and 6% of the total fixation time on the book and is a function of the child's age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105596DOI Listing

Psychotic experiences and future school performance in childhood: a population-based cohort study.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Centre-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Psychotic experiences are common in childhood and an important risk indicator of adverse mental health outcomes. However, little is known about the association of psychotic experiences with functional outcomes in childhood, particularly regarding school performance. The aim of the present study was to examine whether psychotic experiences were prospectively related to school performance in childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13281DOI Listing

Self-reported sleep patterns and quality amongst adolescents: cross-sectional and prospective associations with anxiety and depression.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

Background: Sleep problems are common in adolescence, and frequently comorbid with both anxiety and depression. Research studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship between sleep and psychopathology, which includes evidence that sleep interventions can alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, little is known about the nature of sleep problems amongst adolescents with anxiety and depression, and whether specific sleeping difficulties are involved in the longitudinal relationship between sleep, anxiety and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13288DOI Listing

Behavioral phenotypes of childhood idiopathic epilepsies.

Epilepsia 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Objective: To characterize the presence and nature of discrete behavioral phenotypes and their correlates in a cohort of youth with new and recent onset focal and generalized epilepsies.

Methods: The parents of 290 youth (age = 8-18 years) with epilepsy (n = 183) and typically developing participants (n = 107) completed the Child Behavior Checklist for children aged 6-18 from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment. The eight behavior problem scales were subjected to hierarchical clustering analytics to identify behavioral subgroups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.16569DOI Listing

[Tabacco, alcohol and pemba consumption during pregnancy in French Guyana].

Sante Publique 2019 November December;31(6):771-783

Introduction: The risks to the unborn child from maternal consumption of alcohol, tobacco and substances during pregnancy are well documented in the medical literature. Data on such consumption in Frensh Guyana are scattered and scarce, which prevents prevention policies from being adapted to the local context.

Method: To compensate for the inadequacy of the data, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 2017-2018 in Guyana's three maternity units with 789 mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/spub.196.0771DOI Listing

Diabetes conversation map - a novel tool for diabetes management self-efficacy among type 2 diabetes patients in Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 Jun 16;20(1):88. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Indus college of Allied Health, The Indus Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: This study aimed to measure the effect of diabetes education using the novel method of "diabetes conversation map (DCM)" as compared to routine counselling (RC) on diabetes management self-efficacy (DMSE) among patients living with type 2 diabetes in Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: A parallel arm randomized controlled trial among patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30-60 years, with HbA1c > 7%, diagnosed for at least 5 yrs., was conducted at the national institute of diabetes and endocrinology in Karachi, Pakistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-020-00572-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298747PMC
June 2020
1.673 Impact Factor

Review: Delivering mental health support within schools and colleges - a thematic synthesis of barriers and facilitators to implementation of indicated psychological interventions for adolescents.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2020 Apr 10. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Background: Increasing the role of schools and colleges in the provision of mental health services for young people has the potential to improve early intervention and access to treatment. We aimed to understand what factors influence the successful implementation of indicated psychological interventions within schools and colleges to help guide increased provision of mental health support within education settings.

Methods: Systematic search for studies that have reported barriers or facilitators to the implementation of indicated interventions for adolescent emotional disorders delivered within schools and further education/sixth form colleges (CRD42018102830). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12381DOI Listing

Applying Generalizability Theory to Optimize Analysis of Spontaneous Teacher Talk in Elementary Classrooms.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 Jun 15;63(6):1947-1957. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Counseling and Special Education, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.

Purpose Although sampling teachers' child-directed speech in school settings is needed to understand the influence of linguistic input on child outcomes, empirical guidance for measurement procedures needed to obtain representative samples is lacking. To optimize resources needed to transcribe, code, and analyze classroom samples, this exploratory study assessed the minimum number and duration of samples needed for a reliable analysis of conventional and researcher-developed measures of teacher talk in elementary classrooms. Method This study applied fully crossed, Person (teacher) × Session (samples obtained on 3 separate occasions) generalizability studies to analyze an extant data set of three 10-min language samples provided by 28 general and special education teachers recorded during large-group instruction across the school year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00118DOI Listing

Identifying Community-Informed Language to Promote HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in Black LGBTQ Communities in Baltimore.

AIDS Educ Prev 2020 Apr;32(2):152-168

Center for Child and Community Health Research (CCHR), Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

LGBTQ populations, particularly Black men who have sex with men and transgender women, experience significant HIV disparities; public health messages may inadvertently stigmatize LGBTQ populations. We sought to use qualitative methods to inform a PrEP campaign. Unstructured focus groups were conducted among predominantly Black LGBTQ persons recruited through social media and events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2020.32.2.152DOI Listing

The Effects of an Online Training on Preservice Speech-Language Pathologists' Use of Family-Centered Skills.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education, The Pennsylvania State University, State College.

Purpose Despite the recognition that family-centered services are best practice in augmentative and alternative communication services, many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are lacking in their acquisition and implementation of family-centered skills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of online instruction in a family-centered, relational skills strategy on preservice SLPs use of family-centered skills. Method A switching replications design was used to evaluate the effects of an online training on the use of family-centered behaviors by 15 preservice SLPs who were randomly assigned to two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00057DOI Listing

A new perspective: Establishing developmental profiles of premature infants based on Bayley-III scores at age 2.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 12:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Psychology and Psychosomatic Unit, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.

Longitudinal and cross-sectional studies in early childhood generally focus on different developmental areas separately. The aim of this study is to identify the most common developmental profiles regarding cognitive, language and motor skills among low birthweight (LBW) children. Our sample included 208 LBW children examined at 24-28 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1771338DOI Listing

Correlates of Parental Support of Child and Youth Physical Activity: a Systematic Review.

Int J Behav Med 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, PO Box 3010 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 3N4, Canada.

Background: Regular physical activity (PA) is important to the health of children and tracks to positive health profiles in adulthood. Parental support of child and youth PA is a key determinant of subsequent behavior, yet the correlates of parental support behaviors are poorly understood. The purpose of this paper was to review and appraise current evidence on the correlates of parental support of child and youth PA as well as describe the measures used to assess parental support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09909-1DOI Listing

Early childhood bilingualism: effects on brain structure and function.

F1000Res 2020 15;9:370. Epub 2020 May 15.

Centre for Applied Linguistics, UCL Institute of Education, 20 Bedford Way, London, WC1H 0AL, UK.

Growing up in a bilingual environment is becoming increasingly common. Yet, we know little about how this enriched language environment influences the connectivity of children's brains. Behavioural research in children and adults has shown that bilingualism experience may boost executive control (EC) skills, such as inhibitory control and attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.23216.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262573PMC

The Impact of Different Writing Systems on Children's Spelling Error Profiles: Alphabetic, Akshara, and Hanzi Cases.

Front Psychol 2020 26;11:870. Epub 2020 May 26.

Centre for Research in Child Development, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

The importance of literacy in academics and the predominantly digital world cannot be understated. The literacy component of writing is less researched than that of reading, even though it holds equal significance for modern success. Spelling is an important aspect of the construct of literacy, and is more difficult to acquire than reading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7264392PMC

Expectations and experiences of parents taking part in parent-child interaction programmes to promote child language: a qualitative interview study.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: Parent-child interaction therapies are commonly used by speech and language therapists (SLTs) when providing services to young children with language learning difficulties. However, the way parents react to the demands of such interventions is clearly important, especially for those from socially disadvantaged backgrounds. Parents play a central role in the therapy process so to ensure parent engagement, and to maximize intervention effectiveness, parents' views must be considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12543DOI Listing

The Referee as an Educator: Assessment of the Quality of Referee-Players Interactions in Competitive Youth Handball.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 4;17(11). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland.

Sport does not automatically generate educational benefits for players. For a sports field to become a child-friendly educational environment, it is essential that all actors involved in the organization of youth sport take deliberate educational measures. Among these actors are referees, who should be taken into account during the research on the educational value of sport for the youngest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313078PMC

An intervention to increase conversational turns between parents and young children.

J Child Lang 2020 Jun 5:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Harvard University, Graduate School of Education.

Behavioral and neural evidence indicates that young children who engage in more conversations with their parents have better later language skills such as vocabulary and academic language abilities. Previous studies find that the extent to which parents engage in conversational turn-taking with children varies considerably. How, then, can we promote extended conversations between parents and their children? Instead of asking parents to engage in longer turn-taking episodes, we provided parents with information on conversational content that we hypothesized would lead to increased episodes of longer, more sustained conversational turn-taking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000920000252DOI Listing

Elevated Hair Mercury Levels Are Associated With Neurodevelopmental Deficits in Children Living Near Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Peru.

Geohealth 2020 May 21;4(5):e2019GH000222. Epub 2020 May 21.

Global Health Institute Duke University Durham NC USA.

Children living near artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) are at risk of exposure to mercury, a neurotoxicant. It is not certain whether such exposures are harming development, as they occur in underresourced contexts entwined with other stressors, such as malnutrition and enteric infection. This study sought to investigate the association between hair-mercury levels and visual-motor, cognitive, and physical development among children living near ASGM in the Peruvian Amazon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GH000222DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240868PMC

Health-related quality of life of children with low language from early childhood to adolescence: results from an Australian longitudinal population-based study.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Deakin Health Economics, School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Background: Low language abilities are known to be associated with significant adverse long-term outcomes. However, associations between low language and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are unclear. We aimed to (a) examine the association between low language and HRQoL from 4 to 13 years and (b) classify the children's trajectories of HRQoL and language and examine the association between language and HRQoL trajectories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13277DOI Listing

School quality ratings are weak predictors of students' achievement and well-being.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: In England, all state-funded schools are inspected by an independent government agency, the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills (Ofsted). Inspections aim to hold schools accountable and to promote the improvement of education, with the results made available to the public. Ofsted reports intend to index school quality, but their influence on students' individual outcomes has not been previously studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13276DOI Listing

Effects of Ramadan Observance on Dietary Intake and Body Composition of Adolescent Athletes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Nutrients 2020 May 28;12(6). Epub 2020 May 28.

Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l'éducation physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia.

To evaluate the effects of Ramadan observance on dietary intake, body mass and body composition of adolescent athletes (design: systematic review and meta-analysis; data sources: PubMed and Web of Science; eligibility criteria for selecting studies: single-group, pre-post, with or without control-group studies, conducted in athletes aged <19 years, training at least 3 times/week, and published in any language before February 12, 2020). Studies assessing body mass and/or body composition and/or dietary intake were deemed eligible. The methodological quality was assessed using 'QualSyst'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061574DOI Listing

Pediatrician Referral Practices for Children Who Stutter.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 May 28:1-19. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Texas at Austin.

Purpose Given the marked increase in evidence-based information regarding the nature/treatment of stuttering, coupled with the fact that pediatricians tend to be one of the initial points of contact for parents who suspect their preschool-age child may stutter, this study explored pediatricians' (a) accuracy in identifying children who may stutter and (b) likelihood of referring children who present with a profile indicative of stuttering to speech-language pathologists. Method Pediatricians recruited nationally through professional organizations completed a 5- to 7-min online survey that probed stuttering identification and referral practices via responses to experimental case vignettes. Each vignette featured a 4-year-old boy with a family history of stuttering whose mother reported signs of stuttering and manipulation of two factors: stuttering during the pediatrician visit (or not) and negative communication attitude (or not). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00058DOI Listing

The role of socioeconomic and sociocultural predictors of Spanish and English proficiencies of young Latino children of immigrants.

J Child Lang 2020 May 28:1-28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Harvard Medical School, Judge Baker Children's Center.

Young Latino children of immigrants typically speak primarily Spanish at home and are exposed to varying amounts of English. As a result, they often enter school with a wide range of proficiencies in each language. The current study investigated family background, language use at home and early childhood settings as predictors of Spanish and English language proficiencies among Latino dual language children (N = 228). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000920000203DOI Listing

Cross-linguistic variation in word-initial cluster production in adult and child language: evidence from English and Norwegian.

J Child Lang 2020 May 28:1-30. Epub 2020 May 28.

Faculty of Linguistics, Philology and Phonetics, University of Oxford, UK.

Young children simplify word initial consonant clusters by omitting or substituting one (or both) of the elements. Vocalic insertion, coalescence and metathesis are said to be used more seldom (McLeod, van Doorn & Reed, 2001). Data from Norwegian children, however, have shown vocalic insertion to be more frequently used (Simonsen, 1990; Simonsen, Garmann & Kristoffersen, 2019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000920000069DOI Listing

Children with language delay referred to Dutch speech and hearing centres: caseload characteristics.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Early detection and remediation of language disorders are important in helping children to establish appropriate communicative and social behaviour and acquire additional information about the world through the use of language. In the Netherlands, children with (a suspicion of) language disorders are referred to speech and hearing centres for multidisciplinary assessment. Reliable data are needed on the nature of language disorders, as well as the age and source of referral, and the effects of cultural and socioeconomic profiles of the population served in order to plan speech and language therapy service provision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12540DOI Listing

Current survey of early childhood intervention services in infants and young children with sex chromosome aneuploidies.

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2020 Jun 25;184(2):414-427. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) are the most commonly occurring aneuploidies in children with a collective prevalence rate of 1 in 500 live births. Prior research has documented SCAs are associated with an increased risk for early expressive language and gross motor delays, learning disorders, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety, and executive function problems. Although SCAs have been historically underdiagnosed in young children, recent advances in noninvasive prenatal testing have resulted in an increasing nationwide cohort of infants with confirmed diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31785DOI Listing

Interventions improving health professionals' practice for addressing patients' weight management behaviours: systematic review of reviews.

Health Promot Int 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, Monash University, 43-51 Kanooka Grove, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia.

Health professionals require education and training to implement obesity management guidelines and ultimately impact on the health outcomes experienced by their patients. Therefore, a systematic review of systematic reviews that evaluated interventions designed to change the practice of health professionals when addressing diet and physical activity with their patients was conducted. MEDLINE Complete; Cochrane database of systematic reviews; PsycINFO; CINAHL Complete; Global Health; Embase; INFORMIT: Health Subset; Health System Evidence and RX for change were searched in March 2019, with no date or language limits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daaa039DOI Listing

Illness perceptions and quality of life in families with child with atopic dermatitis.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Objective: To assess the Quality of Life (QoL) of children with Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and their families and the impact of the mothers' illness perceptions on the family QoL.

Materials And Methods: Seventy-five children with AD (54 infants and 21 children) and their mothers participated in the study. The following questionnaires were administrated: 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2020.03.003DOI Listing

Language-specific numerical estimation in bilingual children.

J Exp Child Psychol 2020 Sep 20;197:104860. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.

We tested 5- to 7-year-old bilingual learners of French and English (N = 91) to investigate how language-specific knowledge of verbal numerals affects numerical estimation. Participants made verbal estimates for rapidly presented random dot arrays in each of their two languages. Estimation accuracy differed across children's two languages, an effect that remained when controlling for children's familiarity with number words across their two languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104860DOI Listing
September 2020

Quality of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention as a Predictor of Children's Outcome.

Behav Modif 2020 May 21:145445520923998. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Research has directed surprisingly little attention to the of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a potential predictor of outcome. Therefore, using a preschool delivery model within a sample of 30 children, we examined the predictive power of EIBI quality on treatment outcome. EIBI quality was assessed at baseline by the York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) and treatment outcome was evaluated after a period of 4 to 6 months using a battery of behavioral tests and scales to evaluate treatment success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520923998DOI Listing

Early language competence, but not general cognitive ability, predicts children's recognition of emotion from facial and vocal cues.

PeerJ 2020 12;8:e9118. Epub 2020 May 12.

Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

The ability to accurately identify and label emotions in the self and others is crucial for successful social interactions and good mental health. In the current study we tested the longitudinal relationship between early language skills and recognition of facial and vocal emotion cues in a representative UK population cohort with diverse language and cognitive skills ( = 369), including a large sample of children that met criteria for Developmental Language Disorder (DLD,  = 97). Language skills, but not non-verbal cognitive ability, at age 5-6 predicted emotion recognition at age 10-12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227654PMC

[Current status of initial diagnosis of speech sound disorder in a child healthcare clinic].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 May;22(5):499-504

Department of Child Health Care, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders/National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders/China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders/Chongqing Key Laboratory of Translational Medical Research in Cognitive Development and Learning and Memory Disorders, Chongqing 400014, China.

Objective: To investigate the understanding of speech sound disorder (SSD) among child health practitioners.

Methods: The clinical data of 506 children with an initial diagnosis of SSD from January 2017 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: Of the 506 SSD children, 90. Read More

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Sporadic and Familial Variants in NF1: An Explanation of the Wide Variability in Neurocognitive Phenotype?

Front Neurol 2020 5;11:368. Epub 2020 May 5.

ToNIC, Toulouse NeuroImaging Center, University of Toulouse, Inserm, UPS, Toulouse, France.

Cognitive impairment is the most common neurological manifestation in NF1 and occurs in 30-70% of NF1 cases. The onset and severity of each specific cognitive deficit varies greatly from child to child, with no apparent external causes. The wide variability of phenotype is the most complex aspect in terms of management and care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214842PMC

Functional Outcomes of Children Identified Early in the Developmental Period as at Risk for ASD Utilizing the The Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).

J Autism Dev Disord 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Education, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, PB 6050, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.

Early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is regarded as crucial for swift access to early intervention and, subsequently, better outcomes later in life. However, current instruments miss large proportions of children who later go on to be diagnosed with ASD, raising a question of what these instruments measure. The present study utilized data from the Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort Study and the Autism Birth Cohort study to explore the subsequent developmental and diagnostic characteristics of children raising developmental concern on the six-critical discriminative item criterion of the M-CHAT (DFA6) at 18 months of age (N = 834). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04539-8DOI Listing

Age-related differences in white matter diffusion measures in autism spectrum condition.

Mol Autism 2020 May 18;11(1):36. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Forensic & Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Autism spectrum condition (ASC) is accompanied by developmental differences in brain anatomy and connectivity. White matter differences in ASC have been widely studied with diffusion imaging but results are heterogeneous and vary across the age range of study participants and varying methodological approaches. To characterize the neurodevelopmental trajectory of white matter maturation, it is necessary to examine a broad age range of individuals on the autism spectrum and typically developing controls, and investigate age × group interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13229-020-00325-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236504PMC

Consortium neuroscience of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder: The ENIGMA adventure.

Hum Brain Mapp 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Neuroimaging has been extensively used to study brain structure and function in individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the past decades. Two of the main shortcomings of the neuroimaging literature of these disorders are the small sample sizes employed and the heterogeneity of methods used. In 2013 and 2014, the ENIGMA-ADHD and ENIGMA-ASD working groups were respectively, founded with a common goal to address these limitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25029DOI Listing

Genetic and environmental influences on the developmental trajectory of callous-unemotional traits from childhood to adolescence.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

Background: This study examined the genetic and environmental influences underlying baseline level and developmental course of callous-unemotional (CU) traits across childhood and adolescence.

Methods: The data on 8,958 twin pairs (3,108 MZ twin pairs and 5,850 DZ twin pairs) from the Twins Early Development Study were analysed. CU traits were assessed at ages 7, 9, 12 and 16 by mothers and analysed using a biometric latent growth model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13259DOI Listing

Communication and Cultural Sensitivity for Families and Children With Life-Limiting Diseases: An Informed Decision-Making Ethical Case in Community-Based Palliative Care.

J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2020 Aug;22(4):270-275

Amie Koch, DNP, FNP-C, RN, ACHPN, is an assistant professor, Duke University School of Nursing, and a community hospice and palliative care nurse practitioner at Transitions LifeCare, Durham, North Carolina. Kimberlee Grier, BSN, RN, CHPPN, CHPN, is a hospice and palliative care nurse at Transitions LifeCare, and co-chair of Fostering Families, Durham, North Carolina.

The health care decisions of families of children who have life-limiting genetic diseases are impacted by multiple factors including religious and ethical values, education and knowledge, emotional trauma, availability of support, and accessibility of care. Palliative care nurses must practice the highest standards by delivering nonbiased, nonjudgmental support to patients and families; however, nurses may experience moral distress if their personal values conflict with a family's decisions and needs. This case focuses on a family receiving community-based palliative care for a child with a genetic life-limiting disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NJH.0000000000000654DOI Listing