2,094,979 results match your criteria Child Development[Journal]


Association between Dietary Glycemic Index and Excess Weight in Pregnant Women in the First Trimester of Pregnancy.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Group of Research in Nutrition and Chronic Diseases, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective:  To assess the association between dietary glycemic index (GI) and excess weight in pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study in a sample of 217 pregnant women was conducted at the maternal-fetal outpatient clinic of the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil, for routine ultrasound examinations in the period between 11 and 13 weeks + 6 days of gestation. Weight and height were measured and the gestational body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Lithopedion in a Geriatric Patient.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Medical School, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia.

Lithopedion ( = rock and  = child) is a rare condition that only occurs in 1.5 to 1.8% of extrauterine pregnancies and in 0. Read More

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December 2018

An exploration of the longitudinal relation between parental feeding practices and child anthropometric adiposity measures from the West Midlands Active Lifestyle and Healthy Eating in Schoolchildren (WAVES) Study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;108(6):1316-1323

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Background: Some research suggests that parent or carer feeding practices may influence children's weight patterns, but longitudinal evidence is limited and inconsistent.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between various parent or carer feeding practices when a child is aged 7-8 y and proxy measurements of child adiposity at age 8-9 y (weight status, waist-to-height ratio, and body fat percentage).

Design: The study was a secondary analysis of data from the West Midlands Active Lifestyle and Healthy Eating in Schoolchildren (WAVES) Study comprising a diverse sample of parents and carers and their children from 54 primary schools in the West Midlands, England [n = 774 parent-child dyads (53% of the WAVES study sample)]. Read More

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December 2018

Effect modification of FADS2 polymorphisms on the association between breastfeeding and intelligence: results from a collaborative meta-analysis.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that breastfeeding benefits children's intelligence, possibly due to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) present in breast milk. Under a nutritional adequacy hypothesis, an interaction between breastfeeding and genetic variants associated with endogenous LC-PUFAs synthesis might be expected. However, the literature on this topic is controversial. Read More

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December 2018
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Effects of the Lidcombe Program and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy on Stuttering Reduction in Preschool Children.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 12;71(1):29-41. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA.

Purpose: The present study explored the effectiveness of the Lidcombe Program, the parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) approach, and an integrated (Lid-PCIT) program on the treatment of children who stutter.

Methods: The present research was a single-subject study with an alternative treatment design. Participants were 6 preschool children who were randomly assigned into three groups. Read More

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December 2018
0.550 Impact Factor

Antidiarrheal activity of α-terpineol in mice.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 8;110:631-640. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Medicinal Plants Research Center (NPPM), Federal University of Piauí, 64.049-550, Teresina, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of infant death in the world accounting for high child mortality rate. It is also present in different pathophysiologies related to several etiological agents. The aim of this study is to investigate the antidiarrheal effect of α -Terpineol (α-TPN) in different diarrhea models in rodents. Read More

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December 2018

Drp1 Controls Effective T Cell Immune-Surveillance by Regulating T Cell Migration, Proliferation, and cMyc-Dependent Metabolic Reprogramming.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):3059-3073.e10

Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; IRCCS, Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Mitochondria are key players in the regulation of T cell biology by dynamically responding to cell needs, but how these dynamics integrate in T cells is still poorly understood. We show here that the mitochondrial pro-fission protein Drp1 fosters migration and expansion of developing thymocytes both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we find that Drp1 sustains in vitro clonal expansion and cMyc-dependent metabolic reprogramming upon activation, also regulating effector T cell numbers in vivo. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The know-do gap in sick child care in Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208898. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

International Institue for Primary Health Care- Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: While health care provider knowledge is a commonly used measure for process quality of care, evidence demonstrates that providers don't always perform as much as they know. We describe this know-do gap for malaria care for sick children among providers in Ethiopia and examine what may predict this gap.

Methods: We use a 2014 nationally-representative survey of Ethiopian providers that includes clinical knowledge vignettes of malaria care and observations of care provided to children in facilities. Read More

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December 2018

Engaging community leaders to improve male partner participation in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207986. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Male partner participation improves uptake, retention and outcomes of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services. However, in patriarchal settings few men accompany their partners to antenatal care (ANC) and PMTCT services. We explored whether community leaders can improve male partner participation in ANC and PMTCT. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Chasing red herrings: Can visual distracters extend the time children take to open child resistant vials?

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207738. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America.

Background: Unintentional exposure to medications is a noted problem in pediatric populations despite the prevalent use of child-resistant (CR) packaging and educational campaigns informing consumers about appropriate storage.

Objective: Conduct a proof-of concept study that evaluates how package designs that engage the attention of children in meaningless ways affect opening time and number of openings.

Study Design: Non-CR vials with or without distracters were provided to 108 children (24-51 months) in pairs. Read More

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December 2018

[Hepatopulmonar syndrome and liver transplantation: experience in the transplantation department of the Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen National Hospital - EsSalud].

Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):242-247

Departamento de Trasplantes, Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara. Lima, Perú.

Introduction: Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a serious complication of liver disease, which is characterized by the presence of intrapulmonary vasodilation and progressive hypoxemia. Liver transplantation is the only effective treatment.

Objective: To show our results of patients with hepatopulmonary syndrome undergoing liver transplantation. Read More

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December 2018

The Frequency of Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency in Children With Unexplained Liver Disease.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Medicine, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Objectives: Evidence suggests that lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is often underdiagnosed because symptoms may be nonspecific. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of LAL-D in children with unexplained liver disease and to identify demographic and clinical features with a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study.

Methods: Patients (aged 3 months-18 years) who had unexplained transaminase elevation, unexplained hepatomegaly or hepatosplenomegaly, obesity-unrelated liver steatosis, biopsy-proven cryptogenic fibrosis and cirrhosis, or liver transplantation for cryptogenic cirrhosis were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Salivary Biomarkers of Parenting Stress in Mothers Under Community Criminal Justice Supervision.

Nurs Res 2019 Jan/Feb;68(1):48-56

Jenna K. Rieder, BA, is Research Assistant, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, NY. Lorie S. Goshin, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor; and D.R. Gina Sissoko, BA, is Research Assistant, Hunter College, The City University of New York, NY. Olena Kleshchova, MS, is Research Assistant, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, NY. Mariann R. Weierich, PhD, is Associate Professor, Hunter College, The City University of New York, NY.

Background: Community criminal justice supervised mothers are an underserved population who experience high rates of psychological distress and unique parenting challenges, but little is known about physiological stress system function in this population.

Objective: We tested the salivary biomarkers of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function as predictors of subjective maternal stress.

Method: We recruited 23 mothers (age: M = 35. Read More

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December 2018

Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Rare Disorder with Bilateral Infantile Glaucoma.

J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Glaucoma and anterior segment, Dr. Shroff's charity eye hospital, Delhi.

Ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs due to abnormalities of ectodermal structures such as skin, teeth, hair, nails, and eccrine glands. Approximately 200 different conditions have been identified as ectodermal dysplasia, the most common being hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). It is characterized by hypotrichosis (sparse scalp or body hair), hypodontia (absent or malformed teeth) and hypohidrosis (reduced ability to sweat). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A Minimally Invasive Approach for Placing Sew-On Epicardial Leads in the Child.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

LSI SOLUTIONS, Victor, NY USA.

Traditionally, pacing leads are placed transvenously, although smaller pediatric patients who require permanent pacemakers may benefit from delaying tranvenous lead placement until they are larger. Alternative, minimally invasive atrioventricular pacing options have not previously existed for this patient population, leaving many of these children with large sternotomies or thoracotomies. Using three port sites and an adjustable shaft dual-needle suturing device, we placed a steroid-eluting, sew-on epicardial lead on the right atrium of a 9-year-old patient. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Antipsychotics, Excess Deaths, and Paradoxes of Child Psychiatry.

Authors:
Barbara Geller

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri.

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December 2018

Association of Antipsychotic Treatment With Risk of Unexpected Death Among Children and Youths.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.

Importance: Children and youths who are prescribed antipsychotic medications have multiple, potentially fatal, dose-related cardiovascular, metabolic, and other adverse events, but whether or not these medications are associated with an increased risk of death is unknown.

Objective: To compare the risk of unexpected death among children and youths who are beginning treatment with antipsychotic or control medications.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 1999 through 2014 and included Medicaid enrollees aged 5 to 24 years in Tennessee who had no diagnosis of severe somatic illness, schizophrenia or related psychoses, or Tourette syndrome or chronic tic disorder. Read More

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December 2018
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Child Nutrition Programs: Flexibilities for Milk, Whole Grains, and Sodium Requirements. Final rule.

Authors:

Fed Regist 2018 Dec;83(238):63775-91

This final rule will codify, with some extensions, three menu planning flexibilities temporarily established by the interim final rule of the same title published November 30, 2017. First, it will broaden the milk options in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program by allowing local operators to permanently offer flavored, low-fat milk. For consistency across nutrition programs, it will also allow flavored, low-fat milk in the Special Milk Program for Children and in the Child and Adult Care Food Program for participants ages 6 and older. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Effects of the homecare assistance program on maternal and child protection services.]

Sante Publique 2018 July August;30(4):489-496

In 2010, the French Ministry of Health started the implementation of the "PRADO" process, which constitutes a way to finance two early post-partum home visits by midwives. These two visits occur between the third and twelfth day of the newborn child. However, this PRADO program has come as a supplementary service, while the Maternal and child protection services ("PMI") were already in charge of home visitation in early postpartum up to the child's sixth birthday. Read More

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December 2018

[Maternal and child protection services at home. Results from a national study.]

Sante Publique 2018 July August;30(4):477-487

Maternal and child protection services ("PMI") are French universal services providing prevention and health promotion services to parents and their newborn children up to the age of 6. They specifically offer home visitation services in order to reach families that could not be seen otherwise. This paper presents the results of a national survey describing these home visitation services and their local implantation. Read More

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December 2018

Nurses' contributions to good practices in child care: an integrative literature review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2808-2817

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Department of Nursing. Rio das Ostras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to identify scientific evidence on the contribution of nurses' work to good practices in child care in the Brazilian literature.

Method: integrative review of the literature, carried out in Latin American and Caribbean in Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Brazilian Nursing Database (BDENF), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) database, from 2008 to 2018.

Results: 14 complete studies were selected for interpretative analysis. Read More

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January 2018

Formation and disruption of bonds between caregivers and institutionalized children.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2650-2658

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Nursing School. Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Objective: to understand the perspective of caregivers about the formation and disruption of bonds with institutionalized children.

Method: a qualitative research that used as a theoretical framework the Attachment Theory and the Symbolic Interactionism, and the Grounded Theory as methodological framework. Participating in the study were 15 female caregivers of children aged zero to three years, from a child care institution in the south of Brazil, from April to July 2015. Read More

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January 2018

Care coordination in Health Care for the child/adolescent in chronic condition.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2612-2619

Universidade Federal da Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the care coordination for the child and adolescent in chronic condition and users planning in the Health Care Network.

Method: Qualitative study, conducted with 26 health professionals and managers through Focus Groups. Thematic content analysis was used. Read More

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January 2018

Prevalence of self-reported trauma in a sample of Iranian children is low and unrelated to parents' education or current employment status.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Basel, Psychiatric Clinics, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland.

Objective: In Western countries, the prevalence of childhood trauma (CT) ranges from 15 to 25%. CT might be indirectly associated with lower parental socioeconomic status and educational attainments. The aims of this cross-sectional study were fourfold: to assess prevalence of CT in a large sample of Iranian children; to compare the Iranian prevalence rates with those of Western countries; to explore gender-specific patterns; and to explore possible socioeconomic predictors. Read More

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December 2018
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Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Center service use profile in Brazil: 2008 to 2012.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC), Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the service use profile of Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infanto-Juvenil [CAPSi]) in Brazil regarding diagnostic categories, sociodemographic aspects, and care modalities between 2008 and 2012.

Methods: A descriptive, ecological study was performed using data from the Unified Health System regarding high-complexity procedure authorizations (Autorização de Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade [APAC]) for the period from 2008-2012. The variables sex, age, diagnosis (F00-F99 of ICD-10), and type of care provided were examined. Read More

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December 2018

Factors associated with interpersonal violence among children from public schools in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4299-4309

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade de Fortaleza. Fortaleza CE Brasil.

The school has witnessed the growth of manifestations of interpersonal violence among children, and in this perspective, this paper examines the prevalence of interpersonal violence in the relationship between students and the associated factors. This is a cross-sectional study developed with 874 public school students aged 10 and 11 years conducted in 2013. A questionnaire implemented the collection of data that were submitted to bivariate analysis with statistical significance calculation between associations. Read More

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December 2018

[Nutritional adequacy and food waste in Early Childhood Education Centers].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4177-4188

Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Alagoas. BR 104 Norte Km 97, Tabuleiro do Martins. 57072-900 Maceió AL Brasil.

Analyzing quantitative and qualitative aspects of school meals represents the initial stage to ensure that the National School Food Program (PNAE) is an effective space for the promotion of healthy eating habits and establishing individual rights. The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional adequacy of meals served and consumed, as well as quantifying food waste in Child Daycare Centers in Maceió, in the state of Alagoas. All meals served and consumed by 359 children (aged 17 to 63 months) were analyzed by the direct weighing method for three non-consecutive days in all institutions. Read More

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December 2018

Sodium content and food additives in major brands of Brazilian children's foods.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4065-4075

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Goiás. Av.Universitária Vereador Vagner da Silva Qd 01, Lt 1-A Parque Itatiaia, 74968-755 Aparecida de Goiânia GO Brasil.

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the sodium content and additive usage in packaged food products targeted at Brazilian children. Commercial database and manufactures' websites were used to identify major brands of child-oriented foods. Samples were categorized as "children's foods" (n = 214) and "infant's foods" (n = 86). Read More

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December 2018
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Moving from maternal death review to surveillance and response: A paradigm shift.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):299-301

Junior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

In the era of the sustainable development goals, India is committed to reduce its maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per one lakh live births by 2030. An important strategy that was adopted in the Reproductive and Child Health Programme in 2010 was maternal death review. Analysis of the progress so far has brought to light certain gaps which have prompted the paradigm shift toward Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR), which focuses on taking action on information obtained from every maternal death so as to prevent further maternal deaths. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of health management information system for monitoring of maternal health in Jaleswar Block of Balasore District, Odisha, India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):259-264

Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India.

Background: In 2005, the Government of India implemented the National Rural Health Mission for reduction of maternal mortality. One of the major impediments in improving maternal health since then has been a poor management of the Health Management Information System (HMIS) at grass-roots level which could integrate data collection, processing, reporting, and use of information for necessary improvement of health services.

Objective: The paper identifies the challenges in generating information for HMIS and its utilization for improvement of maternal health program in the tribal-dominated Jaleswar block in Odisha, India. Read More

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December 2018

Sodium valproate suppresses abnormal neurogenesis induced by convulsive status epilepticus.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):480-484

Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University; Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders; Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing, China.

Status epilepticus has been shown to activate the proliferation of neural stem cells in the hippocampus of the brain, while also causing a large amount of neuronal death, especially in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone. Simultaneously, proliferating stem cells tend to migrate to areas with obvious damage. Our previous studies have clearly confirmed the effect of sodium valproate on cognitive function in rats with convulsive status epilepticus. Read More

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N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibody-related pathologies and pre-existent mental state disorders.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 29;202:406-407. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health (DiNOGMI), University of Genoa, and Neurology Clinic Unit, IRCCS Polyclinic San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy.

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December 2018

Dynamic prediction of transition to psychosis using joint modelling.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 7;202:333-340. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Melbourne, Australia; Centre for Youth Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia.

Considerable research has been conducted seeking risk factors and constructing prediction models for transition to psychosis in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR). Nearly all such research has only employed baseline predictors, i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Siblings' Experiences of Everyday Life in a Family Where One Child Is Diagnosed With Blood Cancer: A Qualitative Study.

J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 2018 Dec 12:1043454218818067. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

3 University Hospital Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Childhood cancer not only presents challenges to the life of the child with cancer but also to the siblings' daily family life. The aim of the current study was to gain a better understanding of siblings' experiences of living in a family where one child has been diagnosed with blood cancer.

Method: Ten siblings of children with leukemia or non-Hodgkin lymphoma completed a semistructured interview about their everyday family life experiences postdiagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Factors associated with reporting delays and severity of childhood sexual abuse in São Paulo, Brazil.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Faculdade de Medicina do ABC , Santo Andre , Brazil.

Negative health outcome and its relationship with length and severity of Childhood Sexual Abuse is well established in the literature. Until recently, this literature consisted disproportionately of studies of adults recalling past events. For guidelines for the treatment of childhood survivors, research focused on child victims may be more relevant. Read More

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December 2018

Cancer risk in mother and child after fertility treatment.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2018 Dec 5;138(20). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Bakgrunn: I Norge fødes nå om lag 2 500 barn årlig etter fertilitetsbehandling. Hvorvidt behandlingen er forbundet med økt kreftrisiko, er fremdeles usikkert.

Kunnskapsgrunnlag: Oversikten inkluderer kohortstudier om kreftrisiko hos kvinner behandlet med fertilitetsbehandling og barn unnfanget etter slik behandling. Read More

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December 2018

Previous Adverse Outcome of Term Pregnancy and Risk of Preterm Birth in Subsequent Pregnancy.

Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The California Preterm Birth Initiative, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objective Evaluate risk of preterm birth (PTB, < 37 completed weeks' gestation) among a population of women in their second pregnancy with previous full term birth but other adverse pregnancy outcome. Methods The sample included singleton live born infants between 2007 and 2012 in a birth cohort file maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. The sample was restricted to women with two pregnancies resulting in live born infants and first birth between 39 and 42 weeks' gestation. Read More

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December 2018

Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Experience of Traumatic Events: Review of the Current Literature to Inform Modifications to a Treatment Model for Children with Autism.

J Autism Dev Disord 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia, 2125 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Children with autism incur trauma and have increased vulnerabilities for experiencing trauma. This paper summarizes the current literature in the study of trauma in typically developing children and those with autism. A treatment model for children with autism, drawing on components from cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), trauma-focused CBT, and CBT to teach emotion regulation and treat anxiety in children with autism is suggested. Read More

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December 2018

Brief Report: A Novel System to Evaluate Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Two Humanoid Robots.

J Autism Dev Disord 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, 13-1, Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, 920-8640, Japan.

We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability measured in the ADOS condition (i. Read More

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December 2018
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Red Flags for early referral of people with symptoms suggestive of narcolepsy: a report from a national multidisciplinary panel.

Neurol Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Objective: Narcolepsy is a lifelong disease, manifesting with excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, arising between childhood and young adulthood. The diagnosis is typically made after a long delay that burdens the disease severity. The aim of the project, promoted by the "Associazione Italiana Narcolettici e Ipersonni" is to develop Red Flags to detect symptoms for early referral, targeting non-sleep medicine specialists, general practitioners, and pediatricians. Read More

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December 2018

Free-Floating Bikeshare and Helmet Use in Seattle, WA.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington, 401 Broadway, 4th Floor, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.

Wearing a helmet when bicycling prevents traumatic brain injury in the event of a crash. Most cyclists nationwide use helmets when riding. However, the growth of free-floating bike sharing systems, which offer short-term access to bicycles but not helmets, may erode helmet-wearing norms among cyclists. Read More

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December 2018

Sagittal craniosynostosis associated with midline cephalhematoma or vice versa, case report and a review of the literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and Motol University Hospital, V Úvalu 84, 150 06, Prague 5, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Sagittal craniosynostosis associated with midline cephalhematoma is a rare finding. Despite the controversy regarding its etiopathogenesis, this condition represents a clear indication for surgery.

Case Report: We present a case of a 10-week-old boy with an ossified midline vertex cephalhematoma and sagittal craniosynostosis. Read More

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December 2018
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Congenital pial AVF along the falx cerebri with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum and bilateral parasagittal pachygyria-polymicrogyria secondary to chronic ischemia.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.

Objective: Pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an extremely rare entity due to direct arterial connection with the venous plexus without an intervening capillary network. The objective of this article is to describe a unique case of congenital pial AVF along the interhemispheric falx with complete callosal agenesis and malformation of cortical development within the bilateral anterior cerebral artery territories. We also demonstrated the distinctive feature of temporal stability of the extensive intracranial abnormalities without active intervention. Read More

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December 2018

Microstructural properties of white matter pathways in relation to subsequent reading abilities in children: a longitudinal analysis.

Brain Struct Funct 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Medical School Office Building, 1265 Welch Rd, Mail Code 5415, Stanford, 94305, CA, USA.

Microstructural properties of white matter pathways are associated with concurrent reading abilities in children. In this longitudinal study, we asked whether properties of white matter pathways at the onset of learning to read would be associated with reading abilities at older ages. Children (N = 37) with a wide range of reading abilities completed standardized measures of language and phonological awareness and diffusion MRI at age 6 years. Read More

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December 2018
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Gynecologic radiation oncology patients report unmet needs regarding sexual health communication with providers.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Purpose: Following radiation therapy (RT), women with gynecologic malignancies report high rates of sexual dysfunction, but little is known regarding sexual health communication between these patients and health-care providers. This study assessed these patients' beliefs/attitudes toward providers' sexual history taking.

Methods: Surveys were administered to women who presented for follow-up care for gynecologic cancers in an academic radiation oncology department. Read More

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December 2018

Pre-season Fitness Level and Injury Rate in Professional Soccer - A Prospective Study.

Sports Med Int Open 2018 Jun 22;2(3):E84-E90. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Child Health & Sports Center, Meir Medical Center, Pediatrics, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University Kfar Saba, Israel.

The aim of the present study was to assess prospectively the effect of pre-season fitness on injury rate during the competitive season among professional soccer players. Thirty-one players participated in the study during two consecutive competitive seasons (2015-16 and 2016-17; a squad of 22 players in each season). During the 6-week pre-season training period (8 training sessions and a friendly match every week, 14-18 training hours/week) there was a significant improvement in VO max, a significant increase in ideal and total sprint time and no change in vertical jump, flexibility and repeated sprint-test performance decrement. Read More

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Selective Progesterone Receptor Modulators for the Medical Treatment of Uterine Fibroids with a Focus on Ulipristal Acetate.

Biomed Res Int 2018 24;2018:1374821. Epub 2018 Jun 24.

Universitäts-Frauenklinik Heidelberg, Germany.

Uterine fibroids are the most frequent benign tumours in women of child-bearing age. Their symptoms are diverse and the quality of life of the women affected can be significantly impaired. While treatment to date has been primarily by means of surgical intervention, selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) open up new medication-based treatment options. Read More

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Burden of Infections and Associated Risk Factors among Women of Child Bearing Age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Int J Chronic Dis 2018 12;2018:5183713. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Early detection and treatment of ( infection in women of child bearing ages may reduce the risk of maternal health disorder. This study was conducted to determine the burden of infections and associated risk factors among women of child bearing ages in Kolfe Keranio Subcity Woreda 9 Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Methods: Facility based cross sectional study design was conducted from April to October 2015. Read More

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November 2018

Association of Early Life Exposure to Phthalates With Obesity and Cardiometabolic Traits in Childhood: Sex Specific Associations.

Front Public Health 2018 27;6:327. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Few studies have investigated longitudinal associations between early life phthalate exposure and subsequent obesity and cardiovascular risks in children with inconsistent results. We aimed to evaluate the associations between phthalate exposure during gestation and childhood with offspring obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors in 500 mother-child pairs from the Rhea pregnancy cohort in Crete, Greece. Seven phthalate metabolites [monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), mono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP), monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP), mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP)] were quantified in spot urine samples collected from mothers (1st trimester) and their children at 4 years of age. Read More

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November 2018
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