6,763 results match your criteria Child Development[Journal]


Home Language and Literacy Environments and Early Literacy Trajectories of Low-Socioeconomic Status Chilean Children.

Child Dev 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

This study used Latent Class Analysis to identify groups of children exposed to similar Home Language and Literacy Environments (HLLE) and explored whether belonging to a given HLLE group was related to children's language and early literacy growth from prekindergarten to kindergarten. Participants were 1,425 Chilean mothers and their children (M  = 52.52 months at baseline) from low-socioeconomic status households. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13382DOI Listing

Pathways From Childhood Sociomoral Sensitivity in Friendship, Insecurity, and Peer Rejection to Adult Friendship Quality.

Child Dev 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Max Planck Institute for Human Development.

Across the life span, friendship is an important component of people's support networks. This article explores the developmental roots of adult friendship intimacy and satisfaction, taking into consideration the early interplay between sociomoral sensitivity in friendship, insecurity in peer contexts, and peer rejection. Data (N = 176) came from the longitudinal study "Individual Development and Social Structure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13381DOI Listing

Students' Occupational Aspirations: Can Family Relationships Account for Differences Between Immigrant and Socioeconomic Groups?

Child Dev 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Institute for Future Studies (IFFS).

Immigrant background and disadvantaged socioeconomic background are two key predictors of poorer school achievement in Europe. However, the former is associated with higher while the latter is associated with lower aspirations. This study asks whether family relationships account for this difference. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13378DOI Listing

Perceived Psychological Control in Early Adolescence Predicts Lower Levels of Adaptation into Mid-Adulthood.

Child Dev 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

University of Virginia.

This study examined perceived parental psychological control in early adolescence as a critical stressor likely to be associated with lower levels of adaptation into mid-adulthood. A diverse sample of 184 adolescents was followed from age 13 through 32 to assess predictions to adult adaptation. Perceived parental psychological control at age 13 predicted relative decreases in observed support, lower likelihood of being in a romantic relationship, and lower academic attainment (after accounting for grade point average at baseline) by age 32. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13377DOI Listing

Experience-Driven Semantic Differentiation: Effects of a Naturalistic Experience on Within- and Across-Domain Differentiation in Children.

Child Dev 2020 May;91(3):733-742

Carnegie Mellon University.

Organized semantic networks reflecting distinctions within and across domains of knowledge are critical for higher-level cognition. Thus, understanding how semantic structure changes with experience is a fundamental question in developmental science. This study probed changes in semantic structure in 4-6 year-old children (N = 29) as a result of participating in an enrichment program at a local botanical garden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13369DOI Listing

Comparing Associations Between Puberty, Ethnic-Racial Identity, Self-Concept, and Depressive Symptoms Among African American and Caribbean Black Boys.

Child Dev 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

University of Michigan.

Research on pubertal development among Black boys is limited. Addressing this gap, we examined associations between three pubertal domains (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13370DOI Listing

How Heritable are Parental Sensitivity and Limit-Setting? A Longitudinal Child-Based Twin Study on Observed Parenting.

Child Dev 2020 Apr 9. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

We examined the relative contribution of genetic, shared environmental and non-shared environmental factors to the covariance between parental sensitivity and limit-setting observed twice in a longitudinal study using a child-based twin design. Parental sensitivity and parental limit-setting were observed in 236 parents with each of their same-sex toddler twin children (M  = 3.8 years; 58% monozygotic). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13365DOI Listing

The Development of a Scarcity Bias.

Child Dev 2020 Apr 5. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Adults' attraction to rare objects has been variously attributed to fundamental biases related to resource availability, self-related needs, or beliefs about social and market forces. The current three studies investigated the scarcity bias in 11- and 14-month-old infants, and 3- to 6-year-old children (N = 129). With slight methodological modifications, participants had to choose between one of 10 same-kind-items (abundant resource), or the only one of a different kind (scarce resource). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13368DOI Listing

Self or (M)other? Infants' Sensitivity to Bodily Overlap With Their Mother Reflects Their Dyadic Coordination.

Child Dev 2020 Apr 1. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Royal Holloway, University of London.

Adults experience greater self-other bodily overlap in romantic than platonic relationships. One of the closest relationships is between mother and infant, yet little is known about their mutual bodily representations. This study measured infants' sensitivity to bodily overlap with their mother. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13361DOI Listing

Emotional Maltreatment and Adolescent Depression: Mediating Mechanisms and Demographic Considerations in a Child Welfare Sample.

Child Dev 2020 Mar 31. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

Emotional maltreatment is a risk factor for adolescent depression. Yet, it remains unclear whether commissions and omissions of emotional maltreatment (a) confer vulnerability via distinct mechanisms and (b) demonstrate similar risk across adolescent subpopulations. The present, multiwave study examined whether school engagement and peer relationships explain the depressive effects of distinct emotional maltreatment subtypes in an at-risk child welfare sample (N = 657; ages 11-14, Age  = 12. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13366DOI Listing

Children's Intergroup Attitudes: Insights From Iran.

Child Dev 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

University of California, San Diego.

Children generally favor individuals in their own group over others, but it is unclear which dimensions of the out-group affect this bias. This issue was investigated among 7- to 8-year-old and 11- to 12-year-old Iranian children (N = 71). Participants evaluated in-group members and three different out-groups: Iranian children from another school, Arab children, and children from the United States. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13363DOI Listing

Youth's Sibling Relationships Across the Course of a Parent's Military Deployment: Trajectories and Implications.

Child Dev 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Purdue University.

The present exploratory study explored the trajectories and implications of at-home (military unaffiliated) parents' perceptions of youth's sibling relationships across the course of a parent's military deployment. Participants included 109 families with at least two siblings (older sibling and younger siblings age: M = 10.85, SD = 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13367DOI Listing

Preschool Verbal and Nonverbal Ability Mediate the Association Between Socioeconomic Status and School Performance.

Child Dev 2020 May 23;91(3):705-714. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, London, UK.

We compared the extent to which the long-term influence of family socioeconomic status (SES) on children's school performance from age 7 through 16 years was mediated by their preschool verbal and nonverbal ability. In 661 British children, who completed 17 researcher-administered ability tests at age 4.5 years, SES correlated more strongly with verbal than nonverbal ability (. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317529PMC

Value Profiles During Middle Childhood: Developmental Processes and Social Behavior.

Child Dev 2020 Mar 14. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

Little is known about how children's value priorities develop over time. This study identifies children's value priority profiles and follows their development during middle childhood. Australian children (N = 609; ages 5-12 at Time 1) reported their values over 2 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13362DOI Listing

Academic Self-Perceptions and Academic Achievement in Chinese Children: A Multiwave Longitudinal Study.

Child Dev 2020 Mar 14. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Peking University, Beijing, China.

This study examined reciprocal contributions between academic self-perceptions and academic achievement. Data were collected each year in four consecutive years from a sample of children in China (initial N = 1,156; 581 boys; initial M  = 9.33 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13360DOI Listing

Beware of Stereotypes: Are Classmates' Stereotypes Associated With Students' Reading Outcomes?

Child Dev 2020 Feb 25. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

University of Hamburg.

This study examined the associations between classmates' reading-related gender stereotypes and students' reading self-efficacy, self-concept, motivation, and achievement. Our sample consisted of 1,508 fifth-grade students (49% girls; age: 10.89 years); data were collected at two time points. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13359DOI Listing
February 2020

The Role of Executive Functions in Socioeconomic Attainment Gaps: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Child Dev 2020 Feb 6. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

University of Sheffield.

The socioeconomic attainment gap in mathematics starts early and increases over time. This study aimed to examine why this gap exists. Four-year-olds from diverse backgrounds were randomly allocated to a brief intervention designed to improve executive functions (N = 87) or to an active control group (N = 88). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13358DOI Listing
February 2020

The Effect of Birth weight on Child Development Prior to School Entry.

Child Dev 2020 May 28;91(3):724-732. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Georgetown University.

The present study examines variation in the effect of birth weight on children's early cognitive and socioemotional outcomes by family socioeconomic status (SES). It is hypothesized that not only will lower birth weight children display worse cognitive and socioemotional outcomes prior to school entry, as prior research has found, but that effects will be stronger for lower-SES children. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, the study compares the age 4 outcomes of twins discordant for birth weight (N ~ 1,400). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13355DOI Listing

Preschool Quality Effects on Learning Behavior and Later Achievement in Germany: Moderation by Socioeconomic Status.

Authors:
Daniel Schmerse

Child Dev 2020 Jan 23. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education.

This study investigates whether children's preschool experiences are associated with later achievement via enhanced learning behaviors using data from a German longitudinal study following children (N = 554) from age 3 in preschool to age 8 in second grade. There were two main findings. First, results suggest that more positive learning behaviors at school entry mediate effects of teacher-child interactions in preschool on second-grade achievement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13357DOI Listing
January 2020

Patterns of Risk and Protective Factors Among Alaska Children: Association With Maternal and Child Well-Being.

Child Dev 2020 Jan 22. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

This study used population-representative data to examine associations of risk and protective factor patterns among Alaska Native/American Indian (AN/AI; N = 592) and non-Native (N = 1,018) children with maternal and child outcomes at age 3 years. Among AN/AI children, a high risk/moderate protection class was associated with child developmental risk and mothers being less likely to feel comfortable asking for help or knowing where to go for parenting information compared to a low socioeconomic status/high protection class. Among non-Native children, a moderate risk/high protection class was associated with child developmental risk and mothers being less likely to feel comfortable asking for help compared to a low risk/high protection class. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13356DOI Listing
January 2020

Children's Home Numeracy Environment Predicts Growth of their Early Mathematical Skills in Kindergarten.

Child Dev 2020 Jan 21. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Carleton University.

This study investigated the longitudinal associations between children's early mathematics and their home numeracy environment (HNE). Chilean children from families who varied widely in socioeconomic status were assessed at the beginning and end of prekindergarten in 2016 (N = 419, M  = 4:7 [years:months]), and at the end of kindergarten in 2017 (N = 368, M  = 5:10). Children whose parents provided frequent operational numeracy activities (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13353DOI Listing
January 2020

Shared Book Reading in Preschool Supports Bilingual Children's Second-Language Learning: A Cluster-Randomized Trial.

Child Dev 2020 Jan 14. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Harvard Graduate School of Education.

This cluster-randomized controlled study examined dual language learners (DLLs) in Norway who received a book-based language intervention program. About 464 DLLs aged 3-5 years in 123 early childhood classrooms participated in the study. The children were acquiring Norwegian as their second language in preschool and spoke a variety of first languages at home. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13348DOI Listing
January 2020

Trajectories of Online Racial Discrimination and Psychological Functioning Among African American and Latino Adolescents.

Child Dev 2020 Jan 14. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Harvard University.

This study investigated trajectories of individual and vicarious online racial discrimination (ORD) and their associations with psychological outcomes for African American and Latinx adolescents in 6th-12th grade (N = 522; M  = 9th) across three waves. Data were analyzed using growth mixture modeling to estimate trajectories for ORD and to determine the effects of each trajectory on Wave 3 depressive symptoms, anxiety, and self-esteem. Results showed four individual and three vicarious ORD trajectories, with the majority of participants starting out with low experiences and increasing over time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13350DOI Listing
January 2020

When Helping Hurts: Children Think Groups That Receive Help Are Less Smart.

Child Dev 2020 May 3;91(3):715-723. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Helping has many positive consequences for both helpers and recipients. However, in the present research, we considered a possible downside to receiving help: that it signals a deficiency. We investigated whether young children make inferences about intelligence from observing some groups of people receive help and other groups not. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244365PMC

A Developmental Study of the Self-Prioritization Effect in Children Between 6 and 10 Years of Age.

Child Dev 2020 May 3;91(3):694-704. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

University of Lorraine.

Self-biases are well described in adults but remain poorly understood in children. Here, we investigated in 6-10 year-old children (N = 132) the self-prioritization effect (SPE), a self-bias which reflects, in adults, the perceptual advantage for stimuli arbitrarily associated with the self as compared to those associated with other persons. We designed a child-friendly adaptation of a paradigm originally introduced in adults by Sui, He, and Humphreys (2012) in order to test whether the SPE also occurs in children and if so, to determine its evolution with age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13352DOI Listing

Illuminating the Dark Ages: Pupil Dilation as a Measure of Expectancy Violation Across the Life Span.

Child Dev 2019 Dec 31. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

University of Greifswald.

Mainly for methodological reasons, little is known about the course of development of early cognitive competencies diagnosed with the violation of expectation (VoE) method in infants. The goal of this research was to evaluate the use of pupillometry as a unified approach to assess expectancy violations during and beyond the "dark ages" between 1 and 3 years. We tested children aged 1-6 years and adults (N = 279) with pictures of animals combined with matching or mismatching animal sounds. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13354DOI Listing
December 2019

Early Language Experience in a Tseltal Mayan Village.

Child Dev 2019 Dec 31. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics.

Daylong at-home audio recordings from 10 Tseltal Mayan children (0;2-3;0; Southern Mexico) were analyzed for how often children engaged in verbal interaction with others and whether their speech environment changed with age, time of day, household size, and number of speakers present. Children were infrequently directly spoken to, with most directed speech coming from adults, and no increase with age. Most directed speech came in the mornings, and interactional peaks contained nearly four times the baseline rate of directed speech. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13349DOI Listing
December 2019

Effort Self-Talk Benefits the Mathematics Performance of Children With Negative Competence Beliefs.

Child Dev 2019 Dec 17. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

University of Southampton.

Children with negative competence beliefs often achieve below their potential in school. This randomized field experiment tested whether engaging in positive self-talk may benefit these children's mathematics performance. Participants (N = 212, Grades 4-6, M  = 10. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13347DOI Listing
December 2019

Reciprocal Relations Between Maternal Depression and Child Behavior Problems in Families Served by Head Start.

Child Dev 2019 Dec 9. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Harvard University.

This study used longitudinal cross-lagged modeling to examine reciprocal relations between maternal depression and child behavior problems. Data were drawn from 3,119 children (40% Hispanic, 30% African American, 20% White, and 10% other) from the Family and Child Experiences Survey of 2009 (a nationally representative sample of children served by Head Start). Results documented reciprocal relations between maternal depression and child behavior problems across early childhood (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13344DOI Listing
December 2019

Understanding Social Display Rules: Using One Person's Emotional Expressions to Infer the Desires of Another.

Child Dev 2019 Dec 9. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

MIT.

In social contexts, people's emotional expressions may disguise their true feelings but still be revealing about the probable desires of their intended audience. This study investigates whether children can use emotional expressions in social contexts to recover the desires of the person observing, rather than displaying the emotion. Children (7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13346DOI Listing
December 2019

Age-Related Differences in Sensitivity to Facial Trustworthiness: Perceptual Representation and the Role of Emotional Development.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 25. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca.

The ability to discriminate social signals from faces is a fundamental component of human social interactions whose developmental origins are still debated. In this study, 5-year-old (N = 29) and 7-year-old children (N = 31) and adults (N = 34) made perceptual similarity and trustworthiness judgments on a set of female faces varying in level of expressed trustworthiness. All groups represented perceived similarity of the faces as a function of trustworthiness intensity, but such representation becomes more fine-grained with development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13340DOI Listing
November 2019

Greater Engagement in Gender-Sexuality Alliances (GSAs) and GSA Characteristics Predict Youth Empowerment and Reduced Mental Health Concerns.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 25. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

New York University.

Extracurricular groups can promote healthy development, yet the literature has given limited attention to indirect associations between extracurricular involvement and mental health or to sexual and gender minority youth. Among 580 youth (M  = 15.59, range = 10-20 years) and adult advisors in 38 Gender-Sexuality Alliances (GSAs), multilevel structural equation models showed that greater engagement in GSAs over the school year predicted increased perceived peer validation, self-efficacy to promote social justice, and hope (baseline adjusted). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246142PMC
November 2019

Cross-Domain Trajectories of Students' Ability Self-Concepts and Intrinsic Values in Math and Language Arts.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 22. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

University of California, Irvine.

Different cross-domain trajectories in the development of students' ability self-concepts (ASCs) and their intrinsic valuing of math and language arts were examined in a cross-sequential study spanning Grades 1 through 12 (n = 1,069). Growth mixture modeling analyses identified a Moderate Math Decline/Stable High Language Arts class and a Moderate Math Decline/Strong Language Arts Decline class for students' ASC trajectories. Students' intrinsic value trajectories included a Strong Math Decline/Language Arts Decline Leveling Off, a Moderate Math Decline/Strong Language Arts Decline, and a Stable Math and Language Arts Trajectories class. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13343DOI Listing
November 2019

The Rise in Single-Mother Families and Children's Cognitive Development: Evidence From Three British Birth Cohorts.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 20. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Universidad de Alcalá.

This article assessed changes in the association between single motherhood and children's verbal cognitive ability at age-11 using data from three cohorts of British children, born in 1958 (n = 10,675), 1970 (n = 8,933) and 2000 (n = 9,989), and mediation analysis. Consistent with previous studies, direct effects were small and insignificant. For those born in 1958 and 1970 indirect effects, operating through reduced economic and parental resources, were associated with -. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13342DOI Listing
November 2019

Young Children's Mathematical Learning From Intelligent Characters.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 20. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Georgetown University.

Children's math learning (N = 217; M  = 4.87 years; 63% European American, 96% college-educated families) from an intelligent character game was examined via social meaningfulness (parasocial relationships [PSRs]) and social contingency (parasocial interactions, e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13341DOI Listing
November 2019

Unraveling the Relation Between Reading Comprehension and Print Exposure.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 15. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Florida State University.

The purpose of this study was to test the directionality of influence between reading comprehension (RC) and print exposure (PE), thereby estimating genetic and environmental effects of this relation. The sample consisted of 910 twins in fourth through ninth grades (M  = 12.33 years, SD = 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225047PMC
November 2019

Young Children's Ability to Produce Valid and Relevant Counter-Arguments.

Child Dev 2020 May 15;91(3):685-693. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Duke University.

In collaborative problem solving, children produce and evaluate arguments for proposals. We investigated whether 3- and 5-year-olds (N = 192) can produce and evaluate arguments against those arguments (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13338DOI Listing

Making Sense of Number Words and Arabic Digits: Does Order Count More?

Child Dev 2019 Nov 14. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

University of Padova.

The ability to choose the larger between two numbers reflects a mature understanding of the magnitude associated with numerical symbols. The present study explores how the knowledge of the number sequence and memory capacity (verbal and visuospatial) relate to number comparison skills while controlling for cardinal knowledge. Preschool children's (N = 140, M  = 58. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13335DOI Listing
November 2019

Trajectories of Academic Performance Across Compulsory Schooling and Thriving in Young Adulthood.

Child Dev 2019 11 22;90(6):e745-e762. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

University of Zurich.

Thriving is a developmental process that is shaped by previous and current interactions within developmental contexts. We hypothesized that academic performance in the school context will positively predict thriving in young adulthood. Data of N = 2,043 students from Zurich were assessed with standardized tests in Grades 1, 3, 6, and 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13150DOI Listing
November 2019

Brief Report on PROSPER Academic Outcomes: Extended Model of Crossover Effects on Young Adult College Success.

Child Dev 2019 11 7;90(6):1847-1855. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Pennsylvania State University.

This study examines crossover effects of adolescent substance misuse preventive interventions on academic success in college. It evaluates pathways of influence on college grades, via effects on school engagement, problem-solving skills, and substance misuse in high school. Data were collected as part of an Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) evaluating a multicomponent intervention conducted in 28 school districts with middle school students. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13321DOI Listing
November 2019

When Children Treat Condemnation as a Signal: The Costs and Benefits of Condemnation.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 4. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

University of Chicago.

Condemnation is ubiquitous in the social world and adults treat condemnation as a costly signal. We explore when children begin to treat condemnation as a signal by presenting 4- to 9-year-old children (N = 435) with stories involving a condemner of stealing and a noncondemner. Children were asked to predict who would be more likely to steal as well as who should be punished more harshly for stealing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13323DOI Listing
November 2019

Identifying Liars Through Automatic Decoding of Children's Facial Expressions.

Child Dev 2019 Nov 4. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

University of Toronto.

This study explored whether children's (N = 158; 4- to 9 years old) nonverbal facial expressions can be used to identify when children are being deceptive. Using a computer vision program to automatically decode children's facial expressions according to the Facial Action Coding System, this study employed machine learning to determine whether facial expressions can be used to discriminate between children who concealed breaking a toy(liars) and those who did not break a toy(nonliars). Results found that, regardless of age or history of maltreatment, children's facial expressions could accurately (73%) be distinguished between liars and nonliars. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13336DOI Listing
November 2019

Hope in the Shadows: Testing the Immigrant Optimism Hypothesis Among College Aspirational Latino Students.

Authors:
Sofia Bahena

Child Dev 2019 Nov 1. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

University of Texas at San Antonio.

Scholars have proposed that immigrant optimism explains why some immigrant students outperform their United States-born peers academically. Yet, immigrant optimism has not been directly measured. This study aims to test the immigrant optimism hypothesis by operationalizing it using the Children's Hope Scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13331DOI Listing
November 2019

Peer Victimization and Problem Behaviors: The Roles of Self-Esteem and Parental Attachment Among Chinese Adolescents.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 30. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Southwest University.

Guided by the social-ecological diathesis-stress model, this longitudinal study examined the roles of self-esteem, parental attachment, and gender on the association between peer victimization and problem behaviors among Chinese early adolescents. A total of 466 Chinese middle school students (M  = 12.8 years) completed measures of peer victimization, self-esteem, and paternal and maternal attachment twice (T1 and T2; 6-month interval). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13319DOI Listing
October 2019

The Effects of Enrolling in Oversubscribed Prekindergarten Programs Through Third Grade.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 30. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

University of Michigan.

This study leverages naturally occurring lotteries for oversubscribed Boston Public Schools prekindergarten program sites between 2007 and 2011, for 3,182 children (M = 4.5 years old) to estimate the impacts of winning a first choice lottery and enrolling in Boston prekindergarten versus losing a first choice lottery and not enrolling on children's enrollment and persistence in district schools, grade retention, special education placement, and third-grade test scores. There are large effects on enrollment and persistence, but no effects on other examined outcomes for this subsample. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13308DOI Listing
October 2019

Twelve-Month-Old Infants Respond to Speech About Absent Inaccessible Objects.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 30. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Vanderbilt University.

This article investigated the interplay of 12-month-old infants' perception of affordances for locomotion and their ability to respond to the mention of hidden objects. In Experiment I, a toy was hidden in an ottoman that was placed on a cabinet out of infants' reach. Infants were more likely to look at, point to or approach the ottoman when there were stairs leading to it than when there were none. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13328DOI Listing
October 2019

Sleep Facilitates Coping: Moderated Mediation of Daily Sleep, Ethnic/Racial Discrimination, Stress Responses, and Adolescent Well-Being.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 28. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Fordham University.

Using a daily diary design and actigraphy sleep data across 2 weeks among 256 ethnic/racial minority adolescents (M  = 14.72; 40% Asian, 22% Black, 38% Latinx; 2,607 days), this study investigated how previous-night sleep (duration, quality) moderated the same-day associations between ethnic/racial discrimination and stress responses (rumination, problem solving, family/peer support seeking) to predict daily well-being (mood, somatic symptoms, life satisfaction). On days when adolescents experienced greater discrimination, if they slept longer and better the previous night, adolescents engaged in greater active coping (problem solving, peer support seeking), and subsequently had better well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13324DOI Listing
October 2019

How Does Racial Context Matter?: Family Preparation-for-Bias Messages and Racial Coping Reported by Black Youth.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 29. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Tufts University.

Black families and youth likely consider specific racial discriminatory situations in preparation-for-bias messages and racial coping responses. Our study investigated coping responses embedded in youth-reported Black families' preparation-for-bias messages and youths' proactive coping responses to specific racially discriminatory situations-teachers' negative expectations, store employees' hyper-monitoring and police harassment. Gender and racial discrimination experience differences were considered along with relations between messages and coping. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188572PMC
October 2019

Number Representations Drive Number-Line Estimates.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 28. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Indiana University.

The number-line task has been extensively used to study the mental representation of numbers in children. However, studies suggest that proportional reasoning provides a better account of children's performance. Ninety 4- to 6-year-olds were given a number-line task with symbolic numbers, with clustered dot arrays that resembled a perceptual scaling task, or with spread-out dot arrays that involved numerical estimation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13333DOI Listing
October 2019

Using DNA From Mothers and Children to Study Parental Investment in Children's Educational Attainment.

Child Dev 2019 Oct 27. Epub 2019 Oct 27.

Duke University.

This study tested implications of new genetic discoveries for understanding the association between parental investment and children's educational attainment. A novel design matched genetic data from 860 British mothers and their children with home-visit measures of parenting: the E-Risk Study. Three findings emerged. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183873PMC
October 2019