2,095,604 results match your criteria Child Abuse & Neglect [Journal]


Children's untreated decay is positively associated with past caries experience and with current salivary loads of mutans Streptococci; negatively with self-reported maternal iron supplements during pregnancy: a multifactorial analysis.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: This study explored the association of children's salivary characteristics, past caries experience, birth weight, and reported maternal prenatal vitamin and mineral supplementation with the dental untreated decay of the child.

Methods: This cross-sectional study, a sub-study of Griffith University Environments for Healthy Living birth cohort study, was conducted on 174 mother-child dyads. Mother's prenatal usage of vitamin and mineral supplements; child's birthweight; salivary pH, buffering capacity, and levels of salivary MS and LB were explored as risk indicators. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiovascular and Metabolic Risk in Women in the First Year Postpartum: Allostatic Load as a Function of Race, Ethnicity, and Poverty Status.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.

Objective:  Allostatic load (AL) represents multisystem physiological "wear-and-tear" reflecting emerging chronic disease risk. We assessed AL during the first year postpartum in a diverse community sample with known health disparities.

Methods:  The Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Community Child Health Network enrolled 2,448 predominantly low-income African-American, Latina, and White women immediately after delivery of liveborn infants at ≥20 weeks' gestation, following them over time with interviews, clinical measures, and biomarkers. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric Nurses' Knowledge of and Self-Efficacy in Breastfeeding Counseling.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Public Health, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Objective:  Sound breastfeeding (BF) knowledge among health professionals is vital for proper institutional support of BF mothers. This study aims to measure both BF knowledge and self-efficacy (SE) of pediatric nurses in supporting BF and to determine their associated factors.

Study Design:  A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mansoura University Children's Hospital and Mansoura New General Hospital during the period from January to March 2017. Read More

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December 2018
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Associations between Maternal Exposure to Bisphenol A or Triclosan and Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: The MIREC Study.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Mother and Child University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background:  Little is known about the association between bisphenol A (BPA) or triclosan (TCS) exposure and hypertension in pregnancy.

Objective:  To investigate potential associations between maternal urinary concentrations of BPA or TCS and gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia.

Study Design:  Among 1,909 pregnant women participating in the maternal-infant research on environmental chemicals (MIREC) study, urinary concentrations of BPA and TCS were measured in the first trimester by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using isotope dilution. Read More

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December 2018

Social and early life adversity and chronic health conditions among Tunisian adults.

Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Duluth Medical Research Institute, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN, USA.

Early life adversities (ELAs) are shown as significant risk factors for chronic health conditions (CHCs). ELAs include multiple types of abuse such as the social abuse (peer, community, and collective violence). The purpose is to describe the relationship between childhood social abuse and chronic conditions in adulthood among a sample of adults in Tunisia and to investigate the role of obesity and tobacco use as mediators of this association. Read More

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December 2018
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Promoting access equity and improving health care for women, children and people living with HIV/AIDS in Burkina Faso through mHealth.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec;40(suppl_2):ii42-ii51

Université de Montréal, CHU Sainte-Justine, Canada.

Background: In Burkina Faso, access to health services for women, children and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) remains limited. Mobile telephony offers an alternative solution for reaching these individuals. The objective of the study was to improve equity of access to health care and information among women and PLWHAs by reinforcing community participation. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of a single transient transfection of Ten-eleven translocation 1 catalytic domain on hepatocellular carcinoma.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0207139. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

College of Pharmacy, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, P.R. China.

Tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), including Ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1), are hypermethylated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TET1 catalytic domain (TET1-CD) induces genome-wide DNA demethylation to activate TSGs, but so far, anticancer effects of TET1-CD are unclear. Here we showed that after HCC cells were transiently transfected with TET1-CD, the methylation levels of TSGs, namely APC, p16, RASSF1A, SOCS1 and TET1, were distinctly reduced, and their mRNA levels were significantly increased and HCC cells proliferation, migration and invasion were suppressed, but the methylation and mRNA levels of oncogenes, namely C-myc, Bmi1, EMS1, Kpna2 and c-fos, were not significantly change. Read More

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December 2018

Estimating the probability of abusive head trauma after abuse evaluation.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 11;88:266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, United States.

Background: Evidence-based, patient-specific estimates of abusive head trauma probability can inform physicians' decisions to evaluate, confirm, exclude, and/or report suspected child abuse.

Objective: To derive a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma that incorporates the (positive or negative) predictive contributions of patients' completed skeletal surveys and retinal exams.

Participants And Setting: 500 acutely head-injured children under three years of age hospitalized for intensive care at one of 18 sites between 2010 and 2013. Read More

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December 2018

A randomized controlled trial to test efficacy of digital enhancements of storybooks in support of narrative comprehension and word learning.

J Exp Child Psychol 2018 Dec 11;179:212-226. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Education, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1053 Budapest, Hungary; Department of Language, Literature and Communication, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Arts and Education, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway.

Experiments with film-like story presentations have been found to be beneficial in supporting children's story comprehension and word learning. The main goal of the current study was to disentangle the effects of visual and auditory enhancements in digital books. Participants were 99 typically developing children (41 boys and 58 girls) aged 4-6 years from two public kindergartens in Bursa, Turkey. Read More

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December 2018

Role of the androgen receptor gene CAG repeat polymorphism on the sequence of pubertal events and adiposity in girls with high dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Maternal and Child Research, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Study Objective: The Androgen Receptor (AR) harbors a variable repeat of a variable number of glutamine residues [(CAG)n] which seems to affect inversely AR transcriptional activity. We assessed whether (CAG)n affect the sequence of the androgen-sensitive pubertal events and body composition in prepubertal girls.

Design: and participants: Nested case-control study within the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study of 1196 low-middle income children (≈50% girls) from Santiago, Chile. Read More

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December 2018
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Design and methodology of a cluster-randomized trial in early care and education centers to meet physical activity guidelines: Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE).

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, United States.

Strategies are needed to help early care and education centers (ECEC) comply with policies to meet daily physical activity and fruit and vegetable guidelines for young children. This manuscript describes the design and methodology of Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a 12-session cluster-randomized controlled crossover design trial using community-based participatory research (CBPR) to test a garden-based ECEC physical activity and fruit and vegetables promotion intervention for young children aged 3-5 years in 20 sites. The SAGE curriculum uses the plant lifecycle as a metaphor for human development. Read More

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December 2018

Mortality of patients with chronic disease: an increasing problem.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Madrid, Spain; Maternal and Child Health and Development Network, RETICS funded by the PN I+D+I 2013-2016 (Spain), ISCIII-Sub-Directorate General for Research Assessment and Promotion and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Spain; Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Salud Pública y Maternoinfantil, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Why are children different in their moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels? A multilevel analysis.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Desporto, Porto, Portugal.

Objective: Children's differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual- and school-level characteristics in explaining these differences.

Methods: In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5-10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence, mortality and risk factors associated with very low birth weight preterm infants: an analysis of 33 years.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Hospital São Lucas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Pediatria e Saúde da Criança, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the prevalence, mortality and risk factors associated with the birth of very low birth weight preterm infants over a period of 33 years.

Methods: Four cross-sectional studies were analyzed, using data from perinatal interviews of birth cohorts in the city of Pelotas collected in 1982, 1993, 2004, and 2015. Based on perinatal questionnaires, anthropometric measurements of newborns and death certificates were analyzed to obtain the prevalence rate, neonatal mortality, and risk factors (maternal age, income and type of delivery) for very low birth weight. Read More

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December 2018
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Clinicopathological and molecular analysis of multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumors of the cerebrum.

Hum Pathol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Neuroscience, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum is a recently recognized rare neuronal tumor, and its pathogenesis is unclear. We analyzed 7 cases of histologically typical MVNT: six were adults [mean age: 43.0years (range: 23-56)] and one was a child (10-year-old). Read More

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December 2018

Ethnic background and children's television viewing trajectories: The Generation R Study.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209375. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

This study, conducted in the Netherlands, evaluated the association between ethnic background and children's TV viewing time at multiple time points and its trajectory. We analyzed 4,833 children with a Dutch, Moroccan, Turkish, or Surinamese ethnic background from the Generation R Study, a population-based study in the Netherlands. Parent-reported television viewing time for children at ages 2, 3, 4, 6, and 9 years was collected by questionnaires sent from April 2004 until January 2015. Read More

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December 2018

Stochastic resonance improves visuomotor temporal integration in healthy young adults.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209382. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Neurorehabilitation Research Center, Kio University, Nara, Japan.

Mechanical and electrical noise stimulation to the body is known to improve the sensorimotor system. This improvement is related to stochastic resonance (SR), a phenomenon described as a "noise benefit" to various sensory and motor systems. The current study investigated the influence of SR on visuomotor temporal integration and hand motor function under delayed visual feedback in healthy young adults. Read More

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December 2018
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Correction: Association between mobile technology use and child adjustment in early elementary school age.

Authors:

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208844. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone. Read More

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December 2018

Acceptability of a Novel Levofloxacin Dispersible Tablet Formulation in Young Children Exposed to Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town.

Levofloxacin is used for the treatment and prevention of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in children, but current adult formulations are poorly palatable. A questionnaire administered to caregivers of 27 children taking a novel 100 mg dispersible taste-masked levofloxacin tablet found the new formulation to be more palatable (69%) and easier to prepare (81%) than the adult formulation. This formulation may assist children to better adhere to anti-tuberculous therapy. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Home Environment on Child Language Development in the First 3 Years of Life.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) can adversely affect children's cognitive development, but links between IPV exposure and language development in the earliest years of life remain unknown. The present study examined the effects of IPV and the quality of the home environment on children's language development at age 3 years.

Methods: In a prospective, 5-panel, longitudinal study of 79 mother-child dyads assessed prenatally to age 3 years, we examined standardized measures of receptive and expressive language development at age 3 years. Read More

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December 2018
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HIV DIAGNOSIS FOLLOWING A SYPHILIS, GONORRHEA, OR REPEAT DIAGNOSIS AMONG MALES INCLUDING NON-MSM: WHAT IS THE INCIDENCE?

Sex Transm Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Child and Community Health Research (CCHR), Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The release of the first drug for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in 2012 marked the beginning of a new era of HIV prevention. Although PrEP is highly efficacious, identifying and ultimately increasing uptake among the highest risk male subgroups remains a challenge.

Methods: Public health surveillance data from 2009-2016 was used to evaluate the risk of an HIV diagnosis following a syphilis (i. Read More

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December 2018
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Obstetric and Pediatric Provider Perspectives on Mandatory Reporting of Prenatal Substance Use.

J Addict Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (MJ); University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (SM, CH); Magee-Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh (JCC); Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (JCC).

Objective: In many states, health care providers are legally required to report pregnant women who use substances, or infants affected by prenatal substance use, to child welfare authorities. The objective of this study was to characterize obstetric and pediatric providers' perceptions of and experiences with policies requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use to child welfare authorities.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative interview study among 20 obstetric and pediatric providers to elicit participants' perspectives about and experience with current policy requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use. Read More

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December 2018

Pharmacist insights into adolescent human papillomavirus vaccination provision in the United States.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Epidemiology , Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , NC.

HPV vaccination coverage in the United States (US) falls short of the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80% coverage among 13-15 year-old adolescents. Pharmacies are a promising alternative vaccine delivery site that may increase access to HPV vaccination. Our objective was to assess pharmacists' insights into HPV vaccination provision to adolescents. Read More

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December 2018

Decrease in American birth rates makes it imperative for the United States to implement state mandated fertility coverage.

J Med Econ 2018 Dec 14:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a McGill University Reproductive Center , 888 Boulevard de Maisonneuve East , Montréal , QC H2L 4S8 , Quebec , Canada.

In recent years, the prevalence of infertility has increased due to delayed child bearing and increase in the rate of male infertility. Given the high cost of fertility treatment, this option is not valid for families with low income, and those who can afford it usually choose to have multiple embryo transfers, which has led to an increase in multiple birth rates and increase in the cost of perinatal care. Due to the expected increase in infertility and decrease in the national live birth rate, the United States should set a plan to fund infertility treatment and lead a policy for single embryo transfer. Read More

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December 2018

"Same but different": Associations between multiple aspects of self-regulation, cognition, and academic abilities.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Self-regulation describes the ability to control both behaviors and internal states against a backdrop of conflicting or distracting situations, drives, or impulses. In the cognitive psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are commonly measured with performance-based tests of executive functioning, whereas in the personality psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are typically assessed with report-based measures of impulse control, sustained motivation, and perseverance. The goal of this project was (a) to comprehensively examine the structure of associations between multiple self-regulatory constructs stemming from the cognitive and personality psychology traditions; (b) to estimate how these constructs, individually and collectively, related to mathematics and reading ability beyond psychometric measures of processing speed and fluid intelligence; and (c) to estimate the extent to which genetic and environmental factors mediated the observed associations. Read More

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December 2018

Is developmental change in gender-typed behavior associated with adult sexual orientation?

Dev Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Carolina Population Center, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

The goal of this article was to examine gender-typed behavior longitudinally and to consider its relationship with sexual orientation in adulthood. Data were from 10,624 respondents who completed Wave 1 (adolescence), Wave 3 (emerging adulthood), and Wave 4 (early adulthood) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. First, we described the distributions of gender-typed behavior by adult sexual orientation at each of the three developmental stages. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Statewide implementation of child trauma-focused practices using the community-based learning collaborative model.

Psychol Serv 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Behavioral Science.

A significant number of youth in the United States experience traumatic events that substantially increase the risk of physical and behavioral health problems across the life span. This public health concern warrants concerted efforts to promote trauma-informed, evidence-based practices that facilitate recovery. Although youth-focused trauma-specific treatments exist, determining effective ways to disseminate and implement these services-so that they are available, accessible, and sustainable-poses an ongoing challenge. Read More

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December 2018

Catastrophic individuation failures in infancy: A new model and predictions.

Psychol Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Comparison of infant findings from the physical-reasoning and object-individuation literatures reveals a contradictory picture. On the one hand, physical-reasoning results indicate that young infants can use featural information to guide their actions on objects and to detect interaction violations (when objects interact in ways that are not physically possible) as well as change violations (when objects spontaneously undergo featural changes that are not physically possible). On the other hand, object-individuation results indicate that young infants typically cannot use featural information to detect individuation violations (when the number of objects revealed at the end of an event is less than the number of objects introduced during the event). Read More

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December 2018
7.972 Impact Factor

Age differences in everyday stressor-related negative affect: A coordinated analysis.

Psychol Aging 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine.

Advancing age is often characterized by preserved or even enhanced emotion regulation, which is thought to manifest in terms of age-related reductions in the within-person association between stressors and negative affect. Existing research from ecological momentary assessment and end-of-day daily diary studies examining such age-related benefits have yielded mixed results, potentially due to differences in samples, design, and measurement of everyday stressors and negative affect. We conducted a coordinated analysis of 5 ecological momentary assessments and 2 end-of-day daily diary studies to examine adult age differences in the within-person association between everyday stressors and negative affect. Read More

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December 2018

Prevention of anxiety and depression in school children: Effectiveness of the transdiagnostic EMOTION program.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).

Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More

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December 2018

Depressive symptoms in Latina mothers in an emerging immigrant community.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Objectives: Latina mothers in emerging immigrant communities experience heightened risk for depressive symptoms because of the convergence of multiple risk factors rooted in economic, cultural, and familial experiences. Previous research with Latina/o adolescents has found that discrimination, and not acculturative stress, predicts depressive symptoms; however, no research to our knowledge has examined the relative impact of both discrimination and acculturative stress in Latina mothers.

Method: The present study expands this literature by examining how both universal (i. Read More

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December 2018

[Risk factor analysis of secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in children].

Authors:
L Tian D Lin

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1813-1816

Department of Otolaryngology,Children' s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210008, China.

To analyze the risk factors of secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) in children, and to provide a theoretical basis for reducing complications after tonsillectomy. A retrospective analysis of 354 children underwent tonsillectomy was performed, among which 42 secondary hemorrhage cases were divided into bleeding group, and other 312 cases were divided into non-bleeding group. To analyze the risk factors of secondary PTH and to discusses the pathogenesis of the hemorrhage, statistical analysis was conducted among eight clinical data including gender, age, reason of surgery, degree of tonsil embedding, surgery approach, surgeon' s skill level, intra-operative hemorrhagic volume, and postoperative absence of upper respiratory tract infection. Read More

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December 2018

[The clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canal keratosis obturans].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1502-1503

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215003, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canalkeratosis obturans(KO). Retrospective analyze the clinical data of twenty-three patients were diagnosed with external auditory canal cholesteatoma(EACC). Their chief complaint, the course of the disease, clinical characteristics,CT manifestations,surgical procedure and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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October 2018

[A case of magnetic pharyngeal foreign body in children].

Authors:
X R Zhang Q Li

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1432-1433

Ingestion of magnetic foreign bodies is an increasing problem in the pediatric emergency in recent years.The majority of these injuries are ingestions involving the gastrointestinal tract, stomach, esophagus etc.Ingestion of multiple magnets has a high risk of bowel injury such as perforation or fistula. Read More

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September 2018

[Prevalence of allergy in children with acute rhinosinusitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1377-1382

Department of Otolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University,Wenzhou, 325000, China.

To explore the prevalence of allergy in patients with acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) and evaluate the severity of symptoms in ARS children with or without allergy.Two hundred and seven children (4-12 years of age) with ARS and 85 children of control group were included in our research from June, 2016 to January, 2018. We use questionaire to collect the basic information of pediatric patients. Read More

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September 2018
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[The application of cineMRI in evaluation of upper airway obstruction levels in complicated pediatric OSAS].

Authors:
S He R D Zhang J Chen

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1886-1889

Department of Otolaryngology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated with Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China.

The aim of this study is to explore the role of cineMRI in the localization of upper airway obstruction in complicated pediatric OSAS. Eleven persistent OSAS and 11 complex OSAS patients underwent cineMRI. Each patient was imaged midline sagittal and axial magnetic resonance cine image. Read More

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December 2018

[The experience in the application of nikavir in the schemes of perinatal chemoprophylactics of HIV infection: evaluation of the immunological and virusological effectiveness.]

Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):212-217

Academician Ye. A. Wagner State Medical University, Perm, 614000, Russian Federation.

Objectives: The goal of this work was to study the immunological and virological efficacy of the domestic antiretroviral drug nicavir (at the optimal dose, as proven by previous clinical studies) with lamivudine, in comparison with other drugs of the group of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in combination with kaletra in perinatal HIV chemoprophylaxis regimens.

Methods: 658 pregnant women aged 16-39 years and children born to them were examined. The first group (281 people) and the third group (66 people) received the nicavir (manufactured by AZT PHARMA KB LLC) with lamivudine in combination with calyx; the second (281 people) and the fourth (30 people) of the comparison group, stag and zidovudine, respectively, with lamivudine in combination with calyx. Read More

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January 2018

Correction: Principles of suctioning in infants, children and young people.

Authors:
Earlroy Edwards

Nurs Child Young People 2018 Jun 18;30(4). Epub 2018 Jun 18.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7748/ncyp.2018. Read More

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Acute Psychosis and Movement Disorders as First Presentations of Wilson's Disease.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):788-789

Detpartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Jerusalem Mental Health Center, Eitanim Psychiatric Hospital, Hadassah-Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.

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December 2018

Heamophilus Influenza-B Epiglottitis in a Vaccinated Child: A Note of Caution.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):786-787

Department of Pediatrics, Padeh Poria Medical Center, Tiberias, Israel.

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December 2018
1 Read

The Burden of Caring for a Child or Adolescent With Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): An Observational Longitudinal Study.

J Clin Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11;80(1). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pediatric Divisions of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Objective: To describe the longitudinal association between disease severity, time established in clinical treatment, and caregiver burden in a community-based patient population diagnosed with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS).

Methods: The study included an observational longitudinal cohort design, with Caregiver Burden Inventories (CBIs) collected between April 2013 and November 2016 at the Stanford PANS multidisciplinary clinic. Inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: pediatric patients meeting strict PANS/pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) diagnostic criteria (n = 187), having a caregiver fill out at least 1 complete CBI during a disease flare (n = 114); and having family who lives locally (n = 97). Read More

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December 2018

Risperidone-Induced Tardive Dyskinesia in an Autistic Child.

Authors:
Vasco Kidd

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Dec 6;20(6). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018

Eyelid Swelling and Subconjunctival Infiltration as Ophthalmic Manifestations in a Child with Idiopathic Hypereosinophilic Syndrome.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):517-518

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

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December 2018
1 Read

The progression of Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome in adulthood and two novel variants in the KMT2A gene.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome is a genetic condition associated with dysmorphic facies, hypertrichosis, short stature, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. Congenital malformations of the cerebral, cardiac, renal, and optic structures have also been reported. Because the majority of reported individuals with this condition have been under age 20, the long-term prognosis is not well defined. Read More

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December 2018

Tokenism or true partnership: Parental involvement in a child's acute pain care.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Huddersfield.

Aims: To explore parental involvement in the child's acute pain care and establish ways in which parental preferences for involvement in their child's care can be identified, facilitated and enhanced by nurses.

Background: Despite growing evidence supporting effective acute pain management in children and the availability of national and international practice guidelines, children still experience acute pain. Involving parents in their child's pain care has been identified as being a central tenet of pain management in children. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impulsivity trait and proactive cognitive control: an fMRI study.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

"Mario Serio" Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Italy.

The ability to flexibly regulate our behavior is a fundamental feature of human cognition and requires efficient functioning of cognitive control. During movement preparation, proactive inhibitory control plays a crucial role in regulating the excitatory activity carried out by alertness. The balance between alertness and proactive inhibition could be altered in people with motor impulsivity trait, determining the typical failure in the inhibition of prepotent motor responses. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of ALBI grade on survival in patients with HCC who received sorafenib: an analysis using time-dependent ROC.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Epidemiology, Infectious Disease Control, and Prevention, Hiroshima University Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background And Aims: Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade was developed as a new method to assess hepatic function. Sorafenib has been confirmed to be effective in improving survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the impact of ALBI grade versus Child-Pugh classification on survival in HCC patients who received sorafenib. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and descriptive epidemiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in the United States: A multistate, population-based retrospective study, 1999-2010.

Birth Defects Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Background: Antecedents for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) vary across studies; therefore, we conducted a multistate, population-based retrospective study of the prevalence and descriptive epidemiology of IHPS in the United States (US).

Methods: Data for IHPS cases (n = 29,554) delivered from 1999-2010 and enumerated from 11 US population-based birth defect surveillance programs, along with data for live births (n = 14,707,418) delivered within the same birth period and jurisdictions, were analyzed using Poisson regression to estimate IHPS prevalence per 10,000 live births. Additional data on deliveries from 1999-2005 from seven of these programs were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR)s and 95% confidence intervals (CI)s for selected infant and parental characteristics. Read More

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December 2018

Optic Disc Coloboma in children - prevalence, clinical characteristics and associated morbidity.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to report prevalence, ocular outcome, neurological characteristics, cognitive and behavioural problems in children with optic disc coloboma (ODC).

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study of 31 children between 2 and 18 years of age diagnosed with ODC. The children were part of a larger cohort of 184 children with congenital optic disc malformations. Read More

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December 2018
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Single-incision laparoscopy-assisted gastric transposition combined with thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal replacement.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: We present a novel approach to single-incision laparoscopy-assisted gastric transposition combined with thoracoscopic esophagectomy in a child with long-segment corrosive esophageal stricture (CES).

Materials And Surgical Technique: A 2.5-year-old boy with a history of caustic ingestion underwent periodic esophageal dilatations at 3-week intervals, four sessions of topical mitomycin C application, and a strict antacid/H antagonist therapy for 8 months. Read More

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December 2018
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