46,988 results match your criteria Child Abuse & Neglect [Journal]


A Longitudinal Examination of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Risky Sexual Behavior: Evaluating Emotion Dysregulation Dimensions as Mediators.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Mail Stop 948, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH, 43606, USA.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to a wide array of risky and health-compromising behaviors, including risky sexual behavior (RSB). Cross-sectional studies reveal positive associations between emotion dysregulation and both PTSD and RSB. This study extended that work by exploring whether intermediate levels of emotion dysregulation across multiple dimensions account for the relation between baseline PTSD symptoms and RSB (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1392-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Depressed mood during the menopausal transition: is it reproductive aging or is it life?

Womens Midlife Health 2017 11;3:11. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

2Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Although there has been noteworthy attention to both depressed mood symptoms and majordepressive disorder during the menopausal transition (MT), recently investigators have questioned whether there is an over-pathologizing of the MT by emphasizing hormonal effects on depression and deflecting attention from the everyday conditions of women's lives as they relate to depressed mood. In addition, fluctuation of mood over short periods of time may not be captured by measures of depressed mood symptoms such as the CESD, especially when administered using a reference period such as a week or more. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of menopausal transition factors, health-related factors, stress factors, social factors and symptoms with repeated measures of depressed mood reported for a 24 h period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-017-0030-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299984PMC
December 2017

Using histology to evaluate micro-CT findings of trauma in three post-mortem samples - First steps towards method validation.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Feb 1;297:27-34. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

WMG, International Manufacturing Centre, University of Warwick Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

Forensic imaging technology has rapidly advanced over the past several decades and is gaining increasing significance in medico-legal death investigations. Medical-grade computed tomography (CT) is now routinely used in post-mortem examinations at numerous institutions across the globe. However, the resolution of medical-grade CT is limited and unsuitable when used to depict some smaller anatomical structures or micro-trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.027DOI Listing
February 2019

Infant removals: The need to address the over-representation of Aboriginal infants and community concerns of another 'stolen generation'.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 12;90:88-98. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives: The removal of a child from their parents is traumatising, particularly in Aboriginal communities where a history of child removals has led to intergenerational trauma. This study will determine where disparities in child protection involvement exist among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children and characteristics associated with infant removals. Challenges faced by child protection and other agencies, and opportunities for overcoming these, are discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019

The role of co-occurring intimate partner violence, alcohol use, drug use, and depressive symptoms on disciplinary practices of mothers involved with child welfare.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 12;90:76-87. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States.

Background: Evidence suggests intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and depression adversely affect the disciplinary practices of caregivers involved with child welfare; however, it remains uncertain whether the combined effects of these conditions are syndemic.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the (1) associations between IPV, problematic drug use, problematic alcohol use, and depressive symptoms and self-reported disciplinary practices among a sample of mothers with child welfare contact; and (2) effect of co-occurrence of these conditions on child disciplinary practices.

Participants And Setting: We used data from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychotic-Like Experiences in Offspring of Parents With Bipolar Disorder and Community Controls: A Longitudinal Study.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

University of Pittsburgh, PA.

Objective: To compare the prevalence and risk factors associated with Psychotic-Like-Experiences (PLE) in offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (BP) and offspring of community control parents.

Method: Delusional and hallucinatory subclinical psychotic experiences were evaluated at intake and longitudinally in a cohort study of 390 offspring of BP parents and 247 offspring of control parents aged 6-18 years old. The sample was followed up every 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.09.440DOI Listing
November 2018

Corrigendum: Development of an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis for Healthy Internet Use: Theory and Preliminary Evidence.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:106. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Department of Neuroscience, and the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366243PMC
January 2019

Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it.

BMC Med 2019 Feb 15;17(1):25. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Centre for Longitudinal & Life Course Studies, University of Antwerp, Sint-Jacobstraat 2, B-2000, Antwerp, Belgium.

Stigma in health facilities undermines diagnosis, treatment, and successful health outcomes. Addressing stigma is fundamental to delivering quality healthcare and achieving optimal health. This correspondence article seeks to assess how developments over the past 5 years have contributed to the state of programmatic knowledge-both approaches and methods-regarding interventions to reduce stigma in health facilities, and explores the potential to concurrently address multiple health condition stigmas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2DOI Listing
February 2019

LAWS RELATED TO THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN'S HEALTH IN JAPAN.

Med Law 2015 Sep;34(1):635-643

The protection of the health of women, who share the basic role of giving birth to and raising children, is important in all societies. This protection also has a tremendous influence on the development of the next generation. The primary legislation with regard to protection of the health of women in Japan is the Maternal and Child Health Act. Read More

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September 2015

Linking childhood emotional abuse and depressive symptoms: The role of emotion dysregulation and interpersonal problems.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0211882. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.

Childhood abuse is a major public health problem that has been linked to depression in adulthood. Although different types of childhood abuse often co-occur, few studies have examined their unique impact on negative mental health outcomes. Most studies have focused solely on the consequences of childhood physical or sexual abuse; however, it has been suggested that childhood emotional abuse is more strongly related to depression. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211882PLOS
February 2019
5 Reads

Increasing Child Serving Professionals' Awareness and Understanding of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb 14:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Kristi House , Miami , Florida , USA.

Child serving professionals need increased understanding of the identification and therapeutic needs of child victims of commercial sexual exploitation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a training program aimed to increase awareness of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) among professionals likely to encounter victims in their work. Professionals' (N = 227) knowledge level was examined prior to the training, immediately thereafter, and in a 6-12 month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1563264DOI Listing
February 2019

Developing the Geriatric Injury Documentation Tool (Geri-IDT) to Improve Documentation of Physical Findings in Injured Older Adults.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Family Medicine and Geriatrics, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Standardization in tools and documentation of child abuse and intimate partner violence have proven helpful in completely documenting injuries and suspected abuse among these populations. Similar tools do not yet exist for older adults and elder abuse.

Objective: To (1) use insights from experts to develop a tool to assist clinicians in appropriately and completely documenting physical findings in injured older adults for potential future forensic investigation of abuse or neglect and (2) to assess the feasibility of incorporating this tool into clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04844-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Res Notes 2019 Feb 13;12(1):83. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Objective: Disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care is violation of fundamental right of women and unborn child. There is scarce of data on disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4118-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Treatment and management of osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome.

Authors:
Régis Levasseur

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2008 May;3(3):337-348

a Rheumatology Department, Angers Teaching Hospital, Service de Rhumatologie et Pôle ostéo-articulaire, CHU d'Angers, Inserm U922, Faculté de Médecine d'Angers, 4 rue Larrey, 49460 Angers, France.

Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG; MIM 259770) is a very rare genetic disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, characterized by congenital or infancy-onset visual loss and skeletal fragility, diagnosed during childhood. This syndrome can lead to severe disability and chronic bone pain. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) is the gene mutated and inactivated in OPPG, and plays a pivotal role in bone accrual and skeletal remodeling by controlling bone formation through activators, such as Wnt proteins, or inhibitors, such as DKK1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.3.3.337DOI Listing

Neurobiology of maternal regulation of infant fear: the role of mesolimbic dopamine and its disruption by maltreatment.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Emotional Brain Institute, Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, NY, 10962, USA.

Child development research highlights caregiver regulation of infant physiology and behavior as a key feature of early life attachment, although mechanisms for maternal control of infant neural circuits remain elusive. Here we explored the neurobiology of maternal regulation of infant fear using neural network and molecular levels of analysis in a rodent model. Previous research has shown maternal suppression of amygdala-dependent fear learning during a sensitive period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0340-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Adolescent Internalizing Symptoms and the "Tightknittedness" of Friendship Groups.

J Res Adolesc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Florida State University.

Adolescents with depression have lower peer status overall, but tend to befriend each other. We examined the "tightknittedness" of their friendship groups by testing whether adolescent friendship groups' average levels of or variability in internalizing symptoms predict group cohesiveness. We used four waves (9th-12th grades) of survey and social network data on 3,013 friendship groups from the PROmoting School-Community-University Partnerships to Enhance Resilience study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jora.12484DOI Listing
February 2019

Testing the cycle of maltreatment hypothesis: Meta-analytic evidence of the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment.

Dev Psychopathol 2019 Feb;31(1):23-51

Leiden University.

It has long been claimed that "maltreatment begets maltreatment," that is, a parent's history of maltreatment increases the risk that his or her child will also suffer maltreatment. However, significant methodological concerns have been raised regarding evidence supporting this assertion, with some arguing that the association weakens in samples with higher methodological rigor. In the current study, the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment hypothesis is examined in 142 studies (149 samples; 227,918 dyads) that underwent a methodological quality review, as well as data extraction on a number of potential moderator variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418001700DOI Listing
February 2019

The genetic and environmental etiology of child maltreatment in a parent-based extended family design.

Dev Psychopathol 2019 Feb;31(1):157-172

Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition,Leiden University,Leiden.

Child maltreatment has been associated with various cumulative risk factors. However, little is known about the extent to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to individual differences between parents in perpetrating child maltreatment. To estimate the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to perpetrating maltreatment we used a parent-based extended family design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418001608DOI Listing
February 2019

Romantic functioning mediates prospective associations between childhood abuse and neglect and parenting outcomes in adulthood.

Dev Psychopathol 2019 Feb;31(1):95-111

Institute of Child Development,University of Minnesota.

Research suggests intergenerational links between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent parenting quality, but little is known about the potential mechanisms underlying intergenerational continuities in parenting. Adult romantic functioning may be one plausible mechanism, given its documented associations with both adverse caregiving in childhood and parenting quality in adulthood. The present study used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation to (a) investigate prospective associations between childhood experiences of abuse and neglect and multiple parenting outcomes in adulthood, and (b) evaluate the degree to which adult romantic functioning mediates those associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095457941800158XDOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal history of childhood maltreatment and later parenting behavior: A meta-analysis.

Dev Psychopathol 2019 Feb;31(1):9-21

School of Psychology,Laval University,Québec City,Canada.

Exposure to maltreatment during childhood (CM) can have deleterious effects throughout the life span of an individual. A parent's history of child maltreatment can also impact his or her own parenting behavior. Theoretically, parents who experienced maltreatment as children may have fewer resources to cope with the challenges of childrearing and may adopt more problematic parenting behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418001542DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effects of Dissociation on Analogue Trauma Symptoms After Trauma Processing Among Women With Varying Histories of Lifespan Victimization.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 13:886260519829273. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

2 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, USA.

Research has identified two subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); the traditional form that includes hyperarousal reactions, and the other involving ongoing dissociation. Dissociation has been reflected in the new diagnostic criteria for PTSD with the dissociative specification focused on the experience of high levels of depersonalization and/or derealization. PTSD that presents with ongoing dissociation appears to characterize complex cases of PTSD for individuals exposed to protracted trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829273DOI Listing
February 2019

Cognitive Appraisal of Child Abuse Among Israeli Inmates: Does Sex Make a Difference?

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Feb 12:306624X19829383. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2 Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Sex differences in child abuse and neglect (CAN) have long interested researchers due to their adverse impact. Cognitive appraisal of CAN may also affect the negative consequences. The purpose of this study was to assess sex differences in (a) the experience and (b) the cognitive appraisal of CAN among 247 Israeli inmates. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0306624X19829383
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19829383DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication: Differences by Maternal Sexual Victimization History.

Child Maltreat 2019 Feb 12:1077559519828063. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, USA.

Women who experience childhood sexual victimization (CSV) report more problems with sexuality and with parenting during adulthood. Consequently, mothers with a CSV history may have particular difficulty with parent-child sexual communication. We examine this possibility in 184 diverse, low-income mother-adolescent daughter dyads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559519828063DOI Listing
February 2019

An intergenerational family study on the impact of experienced and perpetrated child maltreatment on neural face processing.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Feb 1;103:266-275. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Clinical Psychology Unit, Leiden University, PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, the Netherlands.

Altered processing of emotional faces due to childhood maltreatment has repeatedly been reported, and may be a key process underlying the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment. The current study is the first to examine the role of neural reactivity to emotional and neutral faces in the transmission of maltreatment, using a multi-generational family design including 171 participants of 51 families of two generations with a large age range (8-69 years). The impact of experienced and perpetrated maltreatment (abuse and neglect) on face processing was examined in association with activation in the amygdala, hippocampus, inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and insula in response to angry, fearful, happy and neutral faces. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530183094
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.01.030DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Parents' PTSD symptoms and child abuse potential during the perinatal period: Direct associations and mediation via relationship conflict.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 10;90:66-75. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, United States; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with parental aggression towards children, but little is known about the relation between parents' PTSD symptoms and their risk for perpetrating child physical abuse during the early parenting years, when the potential for prevention of abuse may be highest.

Objective: To examine direct associations between mothers' and fathers' PTSD symptoms and child abuse potential, as well as indirect effects through couple relationship adjustment (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.024DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Psycho-social profile of battered women in Galicia, Spain: Distress as a result of intimate partner violence and child abuse.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Feb 12:1-20. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

a School of Planning and Research Methods , Department of Didactics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Sports, University of Vigo , Pontevedra , Spain.

In Spain, a country of great cultural diversity, there is an increasing demand for psychosocial care for victims of gender-based violence. The objective is to describe the psychosocial profile of these women residing in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. In a sample (n = 40) of victims of intimate partner violence, it was found a high incidence of PTSD, depression, and low self-esteem associated with greater severity of PTSD and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2019.1571061DOI Listing
February 2019

Hair cortisol in the perinatal period mediates associations between maternal adversity and disrupted maternal interaction in early infancy.

Dev Psychobiol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Existing literature points to the possibility that cortisol could be one link between maternal adversity and poorer parenting quality, but most studies have examined salivary cortisol concentrations rather than hair cortisol concentrations. The current study examined hair cortisol concentration (HCC) during the third trimester of pregnancy as a mediator between maternal adversity indicators (childhood abuse, severe mental illness, symptomatic functioning) and maternal caregiving behavior at 4 months postpartum. Forty-four women participated in the study: 30 with severe mental disorders, and 14 nonclinical controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.21833DOI Listing
February 2019

Child Effects on Lability in Parental Warmth and Hostility: Moderation by Parents' Internalizing Problems.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.

Research documents that lability in parent-child relationships-fluctuations up and down in parent-child relationships-is normative during adolescence and is associated with increased risk for negative outcomes for youth. Yet little is known about factors that predict lability in parenting. This study evaluated whether children's behaviors predicted lability in parent-child relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-00983-7DOI Listing
February 2019

The Lived Experience of Child Marriage in the United States.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 Feb 12:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

b Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Institute for Health and Social Policy , McGill University , Montreal , Canada.

Despite international and domestic calls to end child marriage, 48 U.S. states permit the marriage of minors younger than age 18 as of August 2018. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19371918.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2019.1575312DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mantle of forensics in child sexual abuse.

J Forensic Dent Sci 2018 May-Aug;10(2):71-74

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Faculty of Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is defined as inappropriate adolescent or adult sexual behavior or contact with a child. Sexual abuse may be committed by any person including those under the age of 18 years when that person is either significantly older than the victim or is in a position of power or control over the child. Detecting CSA requires a high incidence of suspicion and familiarity with physical, behavioral, and verbal indications of abuse. Read More

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http://www.jfds.org/text.asp?2018/10/2/71/249642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfo.jfds_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344789PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Relationship between Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Body Mass Index Trajectories.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2018 Oct 20;93:196-202. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

This study examines the relationship between childhood maltreatment experiences and body mass index (BMI) over time. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we use latent profile analysis to create child maltreatment experience classes and latent growth modeling to understand how classes relate to BMI trajectories from adolescence to early adulthood. The best-fitting model suggests four child maltreatment experience classes: 1) (n=607); 2) (n=1,578); 3) (n=345); and 4) (n=4,188). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.07.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368259PMC
October 2018

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Child Sexual Abuse.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Jan;61(Suppl 2):317-332

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

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http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/text.asp?2019/61/8/317/2500
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_502_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345137PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use: The Effect of Individual and Social Risk Factors by Race.

J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse 2017 23;26(5):387-400. Epub 2017 May 23.

Rhode Island College.

This study examined racial differences across African American, Hispanic, and White participants in the impact that individualand social risk factorshave on drinking behaviortrajectories.Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was usedfrom 7-9 graders (N = 4,372).Participants reported on frequency of drinking across the four waves and risk factors at wave 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1067828X.2017.1307796DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368345PMC

Child maltreatment is mediating long-term consequences of household dysfunction in a population representative sample.

Eur Psychiatry 2019 Feb 8;58:10-18. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhövelstr. 5, 89073 Ulm, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) exhibit long-lasting consequences on later life and are considered as a major public health problem. ACEs can be divided into household dysfunctions, which affect the child indirectly, and direct maltreatment. As a high correlation between ACEs in general is known, we assessed the risk for child maltreatment associated with the occurrence of household dysfunctions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09249338193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The overrepresentation of First Nations children and families involved with child welfare: Findings from the Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2013.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 8;90:52-65. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Native Child and Family Services of Toronto, 30 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G, 1K2, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: While there are national studies on the overrepresentation of First Nations children in the Canadian child protection system, there is a dearth of provincial/territorial studies.

Objective: The objectives are to: 1) estimate the rate of overrepresentation of First Nations children and youth involved in child welfare investigations in the Ontario child welfare system and, 2) determine which factors drive the overrepresentation of First Nations children in child welfare at the investigation stage compared to White children.

Participants And Setting: Child welfare workers completed a three-page data collection form at the conclusion of a child protection investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.022DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Does a history of childhood abuse moderate the association between symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder in survivors of intimate partner violence?

J Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee.

Objective: This study examined whether a history of childhood abuse (CA) strengthened the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the aftermath of intimate partner violence (IPV). This hypothesis arises from clinical literature but has not been examined empirically. We predicted that a history of CA would enhance associations between BPD features and PTSD symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22756DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Experience of Maltreatment in Young Children Whose Mothers Have Borderline Personality Disorder: Reflections in Their Narrative Representations.

J Pers Disord 2019 Feb 11:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Tennessee at Knoxville.

Child maltreatment is an etiological factor in borderline personality disorder (BPD), which may be transmitted to the children of mothers with BPD. We assessed maltreatment in 36 children aged 4-7 whose mothers have BPD and in 34 normative comparisons. Children whose mothers have BPD were more likely to have experienced sexual abuse, physical abuse, and neglect than were normative comparisons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_407DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Perceived relationship support moderates the association of contextual stress with inflammation among African Americans.

J Fam Psychol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa.

We followed 402 African American young adults from ages 24 to 29, a period of emerging committed relationships, to examine the association of contextual stress (CS), for example, experiences of financial strain, victimization, and racial discrimination, with inflammation, and to test predictions that greater perceived relationship warmth and support (PRWS) at age 29 would moderate the association between earlier CS and inflammation, using a multiplex assessment of cytokines to construct an index of the ratio between predominantly proinflammatory cytokines versus predominantly anti-inflammatory cytokines. CS experienced at age 24 was associated with greater inflammation at age 29 in the full sample (b = .112, p = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000509DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A new role for imaging in the diagnosis of physical elder abuse: results of a qualitative study with radiologists and frontline providers.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 10:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

d Department of Radiology , Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston , MA , USA.

Pediatric radiologists play a key role in the detection of child abuse through the identification of characteristic injury patterns. Emergency radiologists have the potential to play an equally important role in the detection of elder physical abuse; however, they currently play little to no part in this effort. We examine the reasons behind this limited role, and potential strategies to expand it, by interviewing attending faculty from Emergency Radiology, Geriatrics, Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Radiology, and Pediatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2019.1573160DOI Listing
February 2019

On the Quebec Judiciary and Phenomenon of Online Child Luring.

Can Rev Sociol 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Nipissing University.

Online child luring (OCL) or the use of transmission media connected computers to facilitate the sexual abuse of a child is not a new social problem. Seventeen years have passed since parliament introduced section 172.1 (luring a child) to the Criminal Code of Canada in the hope of addressing "a growing phenomenon" [McLellan, 2001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cars.12231DOI Listing
February 2019

Early Sexual Trauma Exposure and Neural Response Inhibition in Adolescence and Young Adults: Trajectories of Frontal Theta Oscillations During a Go/No-Go Task.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20;58(2):242-255.e2. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY.

Objective: Trauma, particularly when experienced early in life, can alter neurophysiologic and behavioral development, thereby increasing risk for substance use disorders and related psychopathology. However, few studies have empirically examined trauma using well-characterized developmental samples that are followed longitudinally.

Method: The association of assaultive, non-assaultive, and sexual assaultive experiences before 10 years of age with developmental trajectories of brain function during response inhibition was examined by measuring electrophysiologic theta and delta oscillations during no-go and go conditions in an equal probability go/no-go task. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567183205
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.07.905DOI Listing
February 2019
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Editorial: Connecting the Nodes of Altered Brain Network Organization in Eating Disorders.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 4;58(2):156-158. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neurosciences, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.

Two prevalent eating disorders (ED) in adolescence are anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). AN is characterized primarily by an extensive restriction of energy intake leading to significantly low body weight. In contrast, the cardinal symptom of BN is uncontrolled eating of an abnormally large amount of food, followed by compensatory behavior to avoid weight gain (eg, self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567183202
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019
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Mindfulness and trauma symptoms predict child abuse potential in risk-exposed, men and women during pregnancy.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 6;90:43-51. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Wayne State University, School of Social Work, Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, 5447 Woodward Ave, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Nearly a third of adults report childhood trauma in their youth and approximately 700,000 cases of child maltreatment were reported in 2016. Both history of childhood trauma and current trauma symptoms in adults are linked to child maltreatment, although many trauma-exposed individuals are warm and nurturing parents. Identifying resiliency factors in adults with risk factors for harsh parenting may illuminate new pathways to sensitive parenting. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019
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Dysfunctional mesocortical dopamine circuit at pre-adolescence is associated to aggressive behavior in MAO-A hypomorphic mice exposed to early life stress.

Neuropharmacology 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Neuroscience and Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09042, Monserrato, Italy; National Institute of Neuroscience (INN), Italy. Electronic address:

Aggressive behavior (AB) is a multifaceted disorder based on the interaction between genetic and environmental factors whose underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The best-characterized gene by environment (GxE) interaction for AB is the relationship between child neglect/abuse and low-activity alleles of the monoamine-oxidase A (MAOA) gene. MAOA oxidizes monoamines like serotonin and dopamine, whose aberrant signaling at discrete developmental ages plays a pivotal role in the ontogeny of AB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2019.01.032DOI Listing
February 2019
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Women's Experience of Facility-Based Childbirth Care and Receipt of an Early Postnatal Check for Herself and Her Newborn in Northwestern Tanzania.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 7;16(3). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Health Sciences, Global Health, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands.

Negative experiences of care may act as a deterrent to current and/or future utilization of facility-based health services. To examine the situation in Tanzania, we conducted a sub-analysis of a cross-sectional household survey conducted in April 2016 in the Mara and Kagera regions of Tanzania. The sample included 732 women aged 15⁻49 years who had given birth in a health facility during the previous two years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030481DOI Listing
February 2019

Benefits of Treatment Completion Over Premature Termination: Findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.

Psychiatry 2019 Feb 8:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Objective: To evaluate potential differences in therapeutic outcomes between youths who completed a full course of treatment as planned compared to youths who terminated treatment prematurely.

Method: Using longitudinal data from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) Core Data Set, the present study examined demographic characteristics, trauma history, scores on standardized measures, and ratings of functional impairment and behavior problems in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents exposed to trauma who received treatment at NCTSN centers across the United States. Baseline and follow-up data were used to compare treatment completers (n= 3,108) and noncompleters (n = 4,029). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2018.1560584DOI Listing
February 2019

Personality Disorder Traits, Trauma, and Risk in Perpetrators of Domestic Violence.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Feb 8:306624X19826516. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1 University of Nottingham, UK.

Crimes committed against partners and family members have devastating effects on victims. Unfortunately, recidivism rates for offenders are high, and there is a need to establish risk factors that may be potential treatment targets. This study aimed to investigate childhood maltreatment, symptoms of trauma, and personality disorder (PD) traits in males convicted of domestic violence (DV) offences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19826516DOI Listing
February 2019

Parental bonding, childhood maltreatment and eating disorder psychopathology: an investigation of their interactions.

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Largo Madonna delle Grazie, 80138, Naples, Italy.

Purpose: Childhood trauma and parental bonding have been widely recognized as risk factors for eating disorders (EDs). However, their interplay in determining ED psychopathology has been poorly investigated. Consequently, we have assessed their interaction with core ED psychopathological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00649-0DOI Listing
February 2019
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Associations between adverse childhood experiences and health outcomes in adults aged 18-59 years.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211850. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poor health status later in life. The objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between ACEs and health-related behaviors, chronic diseases, and mental health in adults.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1501 residents of Macheng, China. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211850PLOS
February 2019
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