50,207 results match your criteria Child Abuse


Reporting of child physical abuse by a group of Brazilian primary care health professionals and associated factors.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 30;107:104571. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 Campus Pampulha, CEP: 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Evidences points to the importance of health professionals to recognize child abuse, but also to a high frequency of underreporting, even in countries where reporting is mandatory, like Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the frequency of non-reporting behavior of child physical abuse (CPA) among Brazilian primary care health professionals who recognized some cases in their careers and associated factors with reporting.

Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with a representative sample of dentists, nurses, family physicians, and pediatricians from the Family Health Strategy network in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104571DOI Listing

Spotlight on child abuse and neglect response in the time of COVID-19.

Lancet Public Health 2020 Jul;5(7):e371

Global Health Innovations Laboratory, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30143-2DOI Listing

Intentional Asphyxiation Using Baby Wipes: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Jul;36(7):e397-e398

From the Department of Emergency Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Abusive suffocation with foreign bodies is an uncommon form of child abuse. We present the case of a 2-month-old infant with colic who was forcibly suffocated with a baby wipe by a female babysitter. He presented to the emergency department in respiratory distress, and the foreign body was removed in the operating room by otorhinolaryngology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002159DOI Listing

Rise in the incidence of abusive head trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Arch Dis Child 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital For Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319872DOI Listing

Horizontal HIV transmission to children of HIV-uninfected mothers: a case series and review of the global literature.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Division of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Vertical transmission is the predominant route for acquisition of HIV infection in children, either in utero, intrapartum or postnatally through breast feeding. Less frequently, children may acquire HIV by horizontal transmission. Horizontal transmission may be healthcare-associated (infusion of HIV-contaminated blood products, use of contaminated needles, syringes and medical equipment, or through ingestion of HIV in expressed breastmilk). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.06.081DOI Listing

Impact of COVID -19 on children: special focus on the psychosocial aspect.

Minerva Pediatr 2020 Jun;72(3):226-235

Department of Neuromedicine, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Although medical literature shows that children are minimally susceptible to 2019-Corona virus disease (COVID-19), they are hit the hardest by psychosocial impact of this pandemic. Being quarantined in homes and institutions may impose greater psychological burden than the physical sufferings caused by the virus. School closure, lack of outdoor activity, aberrant dietary and sleeping habits are likely to disrupt children's usual lifestyle and can potentially promote monotony, distress, impatience, annoyance and varied neuropsychiatric manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9DOI Listing

Inhaled Solvent Abuse Mimicking Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy.

Child Neurol Open 2020 Jan-Dec;7:2329048X20934914. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Exposure to n-hexane or toluene-containing solvents such as glue or gasoline can produce clinical symptoms and neurophysiological findings that can mimic chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. The authors present a case of a boy with severe sensorimotor polyneuropathy with demyelinating features. Cerebrospinal fluid testing and magnetic resonance imaging spine did not show findings typical of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2329048X20934914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307582PMC

WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG): the first pre-service training study.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2020 29;14:47. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Despite the increasing burden of mental, neurological, and substance use (MNS) disorders, a significant treatment gap for these disorders continues to exist across the world, and especially in low- and middle-income countries. To bridge the treatment gap, the World Health Organization developed and launched the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) and the mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) to help train non-specialists to deliver care. Although the mhGAP-IG has been used in more than 100 countries for in-service training, its implementation in pre-service training, that is, training prior to entering caregiver roles, is very limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00379-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325034PMC

Trauma and violent offending among adolescents: a birth cohort study.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Population Research Unit, Faculty of Social Science, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Earlier studies, based on data collected among juvenile court clients or prisoners, suggest that there is an association between trauma and adolescent-onset offending. However, there is a lack of large-scale data on juvenile violence and clinical mental health observations with unselected participants, and a risk-factor-oriented research combining multiple variables affecting violent behaviour.

Methods: We analyse the effect of trauma on violent offending using longitudinal register-linkage population data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2020-214188DOI Listing

Sexual Crime Against Schoolchildren With Disabilities: A Nationwide Prospective Birth Cohort Study.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 1:886260520934442. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

VIVE-The Danish Center for Social Science Research, Copenhagen K, Denmark.

Numerous studies have shown that the rate of sexual victimization against children with disabilities is higher than the rate for children without disabilities. The study focuses on examining sexual crime against children with disabilities and explaining differences in victimization to elucidate to what extent types of disability, family disadvantages, gender, high-risk behavior, and location influence adolescents' risk of sexual victimization. Data are based on a national study of reported sexual crime against children in Denmark aged between 7 and 18 years using total birth cohorts ( = 679,683). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934442DOI Listing

Increasing Trend and Characteristics of Korean Adolescents Presenting to Emergency Department for Self-Harm: A 5-Year Experience, 2015 to 2019.

Yonsei Med J 2020 Jul;61(7):614-622

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Severance Hospital, Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Emergency department (ED) is a common treatment setting for adolescents with clinically serious self-harm. Here, we investigated the clinical characteristics and trends of adolescents with self-harm who visited the ED in one Korean university hospital. We also compared patients with a single ED visit to those with multiple ED visits to identify the risk factor of repeated visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2020.61.7.614DOI Listing

Risk Taking by Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a Behavioral and Psychophysiological Investigation of Peer Influence.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129B, 1018WS, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate increased risk-taking behavior (RTB) like substance abuse and dangerous traffic conduct. RTB in adolescence is more likely under peer influence. The current investigation (1) tests the hypothesis that adolescents with ADHD are particularly susceptible to such influence and (2) tests whether groups differed in autonomic reactivity to peer influence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00666-zDOI Listing

Perception of Child Abuse and Child Disciplinary Practice among Adults Abused as Children: Comparison to General Population.

Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak 2019 Mar;30(2):57-65

Division of Child Welfare & Studies, College of Human Ecology, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare differences in perception and knowledge of child abuse and child disciplinary practices according to the history of child abuse victimization.

Methods: A questionnaire survey on child abuse was conducted with 491 adults raising children. We compared the perception and knowledge of child abuse and child disciplinary practices between two groups of adults with and without a history of childhood abuse victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.180032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289501PMC

Aftermath of Child Sexual Abuse in Children in Korea: Data from the Nation-Funded Sexual Violence Victim Protection Center for Children.

Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak 2018 Apr;29(2):32-39

Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the 3-year mean periods aftermath of child sexual abuse and to compare the sexual violence victims regard to the treatment.

Methods: 682 sexual violence victims were recruited by Seoul Sunflower Children Center, a nation-funded sexual violence victim protection center for children age 13, from 2004 to 2008. Data from 49 victims among 116 consented a follow-up, were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.2018.29.2.32DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298898PMC

Association between different types of childhood trauma and parental bonding with antisocial traits in adulthood: A systematic review.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 27;107:104621. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Ramiro Barcelos Street, 2350, Rio Grande do Sul, 90035-003, Brazil; Research Laboratory in Psychodynamic Psychiatry, Post-Graduation Program in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Ramiro Barcelos Street, 2350, Rio Grande do Sul, 90035-003, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: ASPD describes individuals with a pervasive pattern of disregard for the rights of others that begins in childhood and continues into adulthood. The relationship between parental bonding, trauma, and ASPD is well established, however, it remains unclear what types of trauma or which patterns of bonding are more associated with ASPD.

Objectives: Review the literature regarding what types of trauma and bonding characteristics were related to antisocial personality traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104621DOI Listing

Can Legislation Alone Protect Devadasi Girls from Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation?

Authors:
Bincy Wilson

J Child Sex Abus 2020 Jul 30;29(5):606-625. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

National Law School of India University , Bangalore, India.

Girls in India continue to be sexually abused/exploited under the veil of traditional practices such as dedication despite the existence of legislation meant to protect them from child sexual abuse. This study recounts the experiences of 30 girls who were dedicated, initiated into sexual activity, and involved in commercial sexual activity as children. It underscores the need to address this practice as a criminal offense to be prosecuted under the legislation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2020.1774696DOI Listing

The prenatal maternal representations of mothers at risk of recurrent care proceedings in the Family Drug and Alcohol Court: A thematic analysis.

Infant Ment Health J 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, London, UK.

Background: A substantial number of birth mothers experience repeat removals of their infants and children due to child protection concerns. The perspectives of mothers going through repeat removals and their experiences of pregnancy are insufficiently researched.

Aims And Methods: The current qualitative study aimed to explore the maternal representations of five pregnant mothers at risk of recurrent care proceedings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21876DOI Listing

Health and public health approach to ending child abuse and neglect.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 26:104619. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Colorado School of Medicine, United States.

The 30 anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child provides an opportunity to reflect on whether the approaches to date in dealing with child abuse and neglect (CAN) have been successful. Initial responsibility in most countries to address CAN has been given to Child Protective Services Agencies. Recently, there have been calls for CPS to take a Public Health Approach in their practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104619DOI Listing

Debate: COVID-19 and children in India.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur, India.

The COVID-19 pandemic impact on children is a growing concern. The United Nations and its agencies (the World Health Organization and UNICEF), Indian Association For Child and Adolescent Mental Health and National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience in India warn about the broader impacts on children and call for urgent action to support the world's children amidst the pandemic which may have lasting consequences. The COVID-19 pandemic and unprecedented control measures to prevent its spread have disrupted nearly every aspect of children's lives - their health, development, learning, behaviour and their families' economic security, including protection from violence and abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12398DOI Listing

Investigating the causal relationship between maltreatment and cognition in children: A systematic review.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 26;107:104603. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Mental Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Level 4, West Glasgow Ambulatory Care Hospital, Dalnair Street, Yorkhill, Glasgow, G38SJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Cognitive impairment (i.e. lower IQ/cognitive development) in individuals who have experienced childhood maltreatment is well documented in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104603DOI Listing

European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR) Child Abuse Taskforce Committee: a response to Miller et al.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Academic Unit of Child Health, University of Sheffield, Damer Street Building, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2020-0184DOI Listing

"If Only I Could Have Stopped It": Reflections of Adult Child Sexual Abuse Survivors on Their Responses During the Abuse.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 29:886260520935485. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) has received much research attention in recent years, leading to the considerable development of services provided for children worldwide. The literature in the field of trauma studies recognizes that responses to trauma are of central importance and mainly discusses the fight-flight-freeze model of automatic responses to traumatic events. For a variety of reasons, research on this specific subject in the field of CSA is sparse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520935485DOI Listing

Custody Evaluation in High-conflict Situations Focused on Domestic Violence and Parental Alienation Syndrome.

Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak 2020 Apr;31(2):66-73

Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

In a divorced family, child-centered custody evaluation is essential to ensure the child's best interests and healthy adaptation. A mental health professional's role and involvement are required in gaining an in-depth understanding of various environments and dynamics surrounding the child and family. Domestic violence, including child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) or parental alienation syndrome (PAS), is often observed in cases of custody evaluation in high-conflict divorced families, sometimes accompanied by allegations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.200004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289472PMC

Factitious Disorder Presented by Haematemesis / Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (FDIA): A Case Report.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2020 ;31(2):137-142

Factitious disorder imposed on another (FDIA-DSM-5), formerly known as Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSP) is a form of child abuse. A case can be recognised by only keeping the relevant diagnoses in mind. There are many cases of FDIA diversified by the contributions of both the caregiver and the child. Read More

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January 2020

K-12 Health Education, Health Communication, and Health Literacy: Strategies to Improve Lifelong Health.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;269:400-438

U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, U.S.A. (ret).

To promote a health literate K-12 population, this chapter focuses on intersections of Health Literacy (HL), Health Education (HE) and Health Communication (HC) and urges collaborations among professionals from these disciplines as well as with stakeholders who share their interests and concerns. Core definitions and evolutionary highlights of these disciplines are presented, as well as their intersection and promise of impact on student academic and health outcomes. The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model is used as an example of a framework embraced by education and health experts to help students become health literate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200054DOI Listing

Effect of parental alcohol abuse severity and child abuse and neglect on child behavioural disorders in Kerala.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 25;107:104608. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Dharmagiri Jeevas Social Centre, Kannur, Kerala, India. Electronic address:

Background: Parental alcoholism and child abuse and neglect are significant mental health concerns for children living in alcoholic families. Near complete dependence of children of alcoholic parents for care and support aggravate risk for neglect and abuse in alcoholic families. Neglectful and abusive, and thus less optimal familial environments for child rearing tend to results in behavioural problems in children of alcoholics in terms of internalizing and externalizing disorders is rather limited in Indian context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104608DOI Listing

The association of depression with child abuse among Indonesian adolescents.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Jun 27;20(1):313. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Pasteur No. 38, Pasteur, Sukajadi, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, 40161, Indonesia.

Background: Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health problems among adolescents. Mental health problems might be the result of child abuse considering that their prevalences are increasing simultaneously in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to determine the association between depression and a history of abuse among adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02218-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320537PMC

"Though My Father was a Killer, I Need to Know Him": Children born of genocidal rape in Rwanda and their perspectives on fatherhood.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 24;107:104560. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

University of Bologna, Department of Psychology, Viale Carlo Berti Pichat, 5, 40127, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: There is increasing interest in understanding the contributions of fathers to child and family psychosocial conditions. However, fatherhood has been largely unexplored in relation to children born of conflict-related sexual violence.

Objective: This paper aims to explore the realities and perspectives of children born of rape during the 1994 Rwandan genocide and in particular, their views on fatherhood and their biological fathers (who were perpetrators of sexual violence). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104560DOI Listing

History of child maltreatment and excessive dietary and screen time behaviors in young adults: Results from a nationally representative study.

Prev Med 2020 Jun 24:106176. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, United States of America.

Child maltreatment is common and has been associated with substance use addictions, yet few studies have examined associations with potentially addictive dietary and screen time behaviors. The goal of this study was to assess associations between retrospectively self-reported child maltreatment (sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect) and excessive self-reported dietary (sugar sweetened beverage and fast food consumption) and screen time behaviors (television/video watching and leisure time computer use) in early adulthood, overall and by sex and race/ethnicity. Associations were examined using data from 10,813 participants 24-32 years old from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106176DOI Listing

Evolutionary-Adaptive and Nonadaptive Causes of Infant Attack/Desertion in Mammals: Toward a Systematic Classification of Child Maltreatment.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Laboratory for Affiliative Social Behavior, RIKEN Center for Brain Science 2-1 Hirosawa Wakoshi Saitama 351-0198, Japan.

Behaviors comparable to human child maltreatment are observed widely among mammals, in which parental care is mandatory for offspring survival. This article reviews the recent findings on the neurobiological mechanisms for nurturing (infant caregiving) behaviors in mammals. Then the major causes of attack/desertion toward infants (conspecific young) in nonhuman mammals are classified into five categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pcn.13096DOI Listing

Antenatal risk factors for child maltreatment: Linkage of data from a birth cohort study to child welfare records.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 23;107:104605. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Health Sciences, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Understanding the risk factors for child maltreatment is critical to efforts to reduce its prevalence.

Objective: This study investigated the association between characteristics and circumstances of mothers during pregnancy and the subsequent identification of concerns about child maltreatment.

Participants And Setting: The study drew on two data sets: (i) data from questionnaires administered to the expectant mothers of 11,332 children born in a deprived multi-ethnic local authority in England between 2007 and 2011, for a birth cohort study, and (ii) administrative data on children referred to child welfare services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104605DOI Listing

Effects of Parental Attitudes Toward Spousal Violence on Early Childhood Development and Learning Support Among Ghanaian Children.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 26:886260520934425. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

The prevalence of condoning attitudes toward spousal violence (SV) is high in Ghana, yet much is not known about how the development of children is compromised in households where attitudes toward SV are tolerated. This study is premised on two objectives: (a) examination of the effect of parents condoning attitudes toward SV on early childhood development; and (b) investigation of the effect of parents condoning attitudes toward SV on the amount of learning support children receive from household members. Data on 2,740 children aged between 36 and 59 months were drawn from the 2011 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey for the first objective and 1,595 households with children aged between 4 and 15 years were sourced from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey for the second. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934425DOI Listing

Youth Participatory Action Research for Health Equity: Increasing Youth Empowerment and Decreasing Physical Activity Access Inequities in Under-resourced Programs and Schools.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

To address gaps in the youth participation and adolescent physical activity (PA) promotion literature, we examined the feasibility of youth participatory action research (YPAR) in (a) general aftercare (YPAR only) and (b) with a physical activity intervention, (YPAR + PA) to reach marginalized youth and impact individual empowerment and second-order change for equitable PA access. We intervened during middle school, a developmental stage conducive to changing health habits. We used a concurrent, mixed-method triangulation design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12433DOI Listing

The Prevalence of Sex Trafficking of Children and Adolescents in the United States: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2020 Jun 26:1524838020933873. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Topic: This scoping review investigated research regarding the magnitude of minor sex trafficking (domestic minor sex trafficking and/or commercial sexual exploitation of children) in the United States, summarizing estimates, methodologies, and strengths and weaknesses of the studies.

Method: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, peer-reviewed articles and the gray literature were accessed via databases searches, reference harvesting, and expert advice. Articles were included if they provided a count or prevalence proportion estimate of trafficked or at-risk minors across or within a region of the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838020933873DOI Listing

Importance of telling the unutterable: Alexithymia among sexually abused children.

Psychiatry Res 2020 Jun 15;291:113238. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Département de sexologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3C 3P8; Canada Research Chair in Interpersonal Traumas and Resilience. Electronic address:

Child maltreatment is known to be an etiological factor for developing alexithymia which refers to the difficulty to identify and express feelings. Yet, scarce data is available regarding the vulnerability in child victims of sexual abuse to develop alexithymia. The current study aimed to compare level of alexithymia among a sample of school-aged victims of child sexual abuse (CSA) and a comparison group of non-victimized children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113238DOI Listing

Childhood Physical Neglect Is Associated With Exaggerated Systemic and Intracellular Inflammatory Responses to Repeated Psychosocial Stress in Adulthood.

Front Psychiatry 2020 5;11:504. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States.

Experiences of child maltreatment are associated with a host of adverse mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood. Altered reactivity to psychosocial stress exposure may partially explain known associations between early experiences of maltreatment and later life health. The present study focuses on examining whether experiences of child maltreatment are associated with physiological reactions to initial and repeated psychosocial stress in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00504DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290130PMC

Parenting Interventions in Pediatric Primary Care: A Systematic Review.

Pediatrics 2020 Jul;146(1)

Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology for Drug Abuse and HIV and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Context: More than 4 decades of research indicate that parenting interventions are effective at preventing and treating mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatric primary care is a viable setting for delivery of these interventions.

Objective: Previous meta-analyses have shown that behavioral interventions in primary care can improve clinical outcomes, but few reviews have been focused specifically on the implementation of parenting interventions in primary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-3548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329253PMC

Should Art About Child Abuse Be Exhibited in Corridors of Health Professional Schools?

AMA J Ethics 2020 Jun 1;22(6):E525-534. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Lecturer in the Honors Collegium at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Imagine an exhibition-on a topic like child sexual abuse, dementia, or epilepsy, for example-not typically considered by museums or galleries. The question, then, is How about a medical school, for instance? An exhibition of this kind might include visceral psychological portraits and explanatory text tailored to the learning activities of medical students. This article examines these curatorial and ethical considerations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/amajethics.2020.525DOI Listing

Examination of the Influence of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Components, Consumer Satisfaction and Engagement in Mothers Referred for Drug Abuse and Child Neglect on Treatment Outcomes.

Behav Modif 2020 Jun 24:145445520935394. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

Psychological interventions for child maltreatment have predominately been limited to family-supported, multi-component behavioral therapies. Although these comprehensive programs have resulted in positive outcomes, they are relatively costly and there is limited information available as to how the components of these programs influence treatment outcomes. In this study, the CBT components of an evidence-based treatment for child neglect and drug abuse (Family Behavior Therapy) were examined in regards to consumer preferences, consumer engagement and treatment outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520935394DOI Listing

Predictors and moderators of improved social-emotional functioning in mothers with substance use disorders and their young children enrolled in a relationship-based case management program.

Infant Ment Health J 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington.

Mothers with substance use disorders (SUDs) typically have trauma histories and psychosocial difficulties that lead to poor social-emotional functioning and disrupted mother-child relationships. This 12-month study explored associations of family adverse circumstances and services (case management, therapeutic, and community-based) received by 57-mothers with SUDs and their infants (less than 24-months-old) with changes in social-emotional functioning. All mothers were enrolled in a relationship-based case management program (Parent-Child Assistance Program [PCAP]) that emphasized connecting mothers to appropriate community services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21872DOI Listing

Where do we go from here? A child rights-based response to COVID-19.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2020 15;4(1):e000714. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjpo-2020-000714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299026PMC

Child maltreatment data in the state of New Mexico across space and time.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 23;31:105759. Epub 2020 May 23.

New Mexico Community Data Collaborative 12401 Los Arboles Ave NE, Albuquerque, NM 87112, United States.

Child maltreatment is a serious public health problem. Previous research demonstrates that child maltreatment clusters in low-income, racially homogenous neighborhoods. Little is known, however, about the structural correlates of spatial risk in small areas such as census tracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7300143PMC

The Link Between Adversity and Dating Violence Among Adolescents Hospitalized for Psychiatric Treatment: Parental Emotion Validation as a Candidate Protective Factor.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 23:886260520926323. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

University of California, Irvine, USA.

Adolescents are at risk for becoming victims or perpetrators for a variety of forms of dating violence, including cyber violence, physical violence, psychological abuse, and sexual abuse. Interestingly, a robust predictor of dating violence is adverse experiences during childhood; however, factors that could mitigate the risk of dating violence for those exposed to adversity have seldom been examined. Using the cumulative stress hypothesis as a lens, the current study examined severity of adverse experiences as a predictor of dating violence within a sample at risk for both victimization and perpetration of dating violence: An adolescent (12-17 years old;  = 137) sample who were receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520926323DOI Listing

Physical child abuse demands increased awareness during health and socioeconomic crises like COVID-19.

Acta Orthop 2020 Jun 23:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedics, Aarhus University Hospital.

Background and purpose - Physical abuse of children, i.e., nonaccidental injury (NAI) including abusive head trauma (AHT) is experienced by up to 20% of children; however, only 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2020.1782012DOI Listing

Child Sexual Abuse and Risk of Revictimization: Impact of Child Demographics, Sexual Abuse Characteristics, and Psychiatric Disorders.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jun 23:1077559520932665. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Alphington, Victoria, Australia.

Approximately half of child sexual abuse (CSA) victims report sexual revictimization later in life; however, there is limited rigorous evidence concerning factors contributing to sexual and nonsexual forms of revictimization. This article investigates the relationships between CSA and a range of revictimization experiences. It also examines the role of other individual-level factors (demographics, CSA characteristics, psychiatric disorders) in the risk of revictimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520932665DOI Listing

Depressive symptoms among children attending community based support in South Africa - pathways for disrupting risk factors.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jun 23:1359104520935502. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, UK.

Children in Southern Africa are exposed to high rates of structural and family adversities. This study tests whether services from Community Based Organisations (CBOs) in South Africa can promote children's resilience against depression exposed to such adversities. Two linked longitudinal studies were conducted, comprising = 1848 children aged 9 to 13 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359104520935502DOI Listing

Understanding childhood adversity in West Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 19;107:104533. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Center on Child Protection and Wellbeing, Universitas Indonesia (PUSKAPA), School of Social and Political Sciences, Gedung FISIP UI Nusantara II Lantai 1, Jl. Margonda Raya, Pondok Cina, Kecamatan Beji, Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Background: Despite research indicating the long-term impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACE), few studies identify cultural variations in perceptions of ACE in low-resource settings.

Objective: This study explores culturally-rooted notions of ACE and sources of vulnerability in two culturally distinct districts in West Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Methods: Data from 50 stakeholders were collected from four focus group discussions and nine semi-structured key informant interviews in Mamasa and Mamuju districts in West Sulawesi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104533DOI Listing

Bullying involvement and self-reported mental health in elementary school children across Europe.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 19;107:104601. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, EA 4057, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Bullying behavior is recognized internationally as a serious issue associated with mental health and functioning problems among children.

Objective: The present study sought to determine the associations between bullying involvement and self-reported mental health among elementary school children across seven European countries.

Participants And Setting: The School Children Mental Health in Europe study was conducted in Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Romania and Turkey in 2010 using similar methodology to collect cross-sectional data from children, parents, and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104601DOI Listing

Household economic hardship as a moderator of the associations between maternal spanking and child externalizing behavior problems.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 19;107:104573. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

University of Michigan, Flint, United States.

Background: Spanking is associated with detrimental outcomes for young children. Research shows that spanking is more commonly used in low-income households.

Objective: To examine whether economic hardship, measured by household income-to-poverty ratio at the time of the child's birth, moderated the longitudinal associations between maternal spanking and child externalizing behavior problems during the first nine years of childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104573DOI Listing

Exploring the links among borderline personality disorder symptoms, trauma, and pain in patients with chronic pain disorders.

J Psychosom Res 2020 Jun 1;135:110164. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center, USA.

Objective: Chronic pain and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are commonly comorbid and jointly associated with increased symptoms of both disorders and clinical and functional impairment. Little is known, however, about specific links between these disorders. In a cross-sectional study of patients with chronic pain, we compared participants high or low on BPD symptoms on patterns of pain experience and types of child and adult traumas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110164DOI Listing