56,001 results match your criteria Child Abuse

Labor trafficking of children and youth in the United States: A scoping review.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 21;131:105694. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, UC San Diego/Rady Children's Hospital, 3020 Children's Way MC 5165, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Child labor trafficking is a largely unexplored and unpublished phenomenon in the United States.

Objective: To 1) characterize the state of the science on child labor trafficking, and 2) identify empirical information regarding risk and protective factors, and physical/behavioral health needs of labor-trafficked children/adolescents.

Methods: This scoping review involved an electronic review of five databases; the search was restricted to studies in English or Spanish and published between Jan 1, 2010-Oct 16, 2020. Read More

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Childhood betrayal trauma, dissociation, and shame impact health-related quality of life among individuals with chronic pelvic pain.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 21;131:105744. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Women's Health, University of Texas at Austin, 1601 Trinity Street, Bldg. A, 9th Floor, Austin, TX 78712, United States of America; Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin, 1501 Red River St, Austin, TX 78712, United States of America.

Background: High betrayal trauma (HBT), or interpersonal trauma perpetrated by someone close, is linked to dissociation and shame, while trauma perpetrated by someone less close, low betrayal trauma (LBT) is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objective: Child interpersonal trauma is common among women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and can negatively impact physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Our study investigates unexplored connections between these variables. Read More

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Child abuse and neglect: Are future medical doctors prepared?

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2022 Jun 20;58:102100. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche - Sezione di Medicina Legale - "Università degli Studi di Torino Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche - Sezione di Medicina Legale - "Università degli Studi di Torino", USA.

Diagnosis of child abuse and neglect is a challenging matter: in case of misdiagnosis, the child cannot benefit from an early treatment; erroneous interpretation may generate legal issues. Some studies reported physicians' lack of knowledge in child abuse and neglect. However, it is not clear if the reasons of this lack relay on an insufficient preparation of students during medical school and/or a deficiency in continuing medical education during/after fellowships. Read More

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Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Relationship with Self-esteem Among School-Age Children in Jordan.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Maternal & Child Health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box (3030), Irbid, 22110, Jordan.

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and their relationship with self-esteem among secondary school students in Jordan. A cross-sectional, retrospective design was utilized using a convenience sample of 559 secondary school children (grades 7-11). Results showed that among the participating students, emotional abuse was the most commonly reported type of abuse (59. Read More

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Art-based reflections from 12 years of adolescent health and development-related research in South Africa.

Health Promot Int 2022 Jun;37(Supplement_2):ii83-ii96

Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town, 12 University Avenue South, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700, South Africa.

This paper presents empirical and methodological findings from an art-based, participatory process with a group (n = 16) of adolescent and young advisors in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. In a weekend workshop, participants reflected on their participation in 12 years of health and development-related research through theatre, song, visual methodologies and semi-structured interviews. Empirical findings suggest that participants interpreted the group research encounter as a site of empowerment, social support and as a socio-political endeavour. Read More

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Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Risks of Financial Insecurity and Coping.

J Res Adolesc 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

University of California.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, families have experienced unprecedented financial and social disruptions. We studied the impact of preexisting psychosocial factors and pandemic-related financial and social disruptions in relation to family well-being among N = 4091 adolescents and parents during early summer 2020, participating in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. Poorer family well-being was linked to prepandemic psychosocial and financial adversity and was associated with pandemic-related material hardship and social disruptions to routines. Read More

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Disclosing Child Sexual Abuse to a Health Professional: A Metasynthesis.

Front Psychiatry 2022 3;13:788123. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

ECSTRA Team, UMR-1153, Inserm, Universiteì de Paris, Paris, France.

Objective: Sexual abuse is a major public health problem. Its disclosure to a health professional could help to reduce its impact on survivors' lives. The objective of this metasynthesis, combining a systematic review and an analysis of the qualitative studies, was to explore the qualitative literature concerning the experience of a survivor disclosing sexual violence experienced in childhood to a health professional, from the perspective of both. Read More

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Association of General Anesthesia and Neuraxial Anesthesia in Caesarean Section with Maternal Postpartum Depression: A Retrospective Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 14;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

Although cesarean section (CS) has become a common method of child delivery in recent decades, the choice between general anesthesia (GA) and neuraxial anesthesia (NA) for CS must be carefully considered. Depending on the type of anesthesia used in CS, a major outcome observed is the occurrence of postpartum depression (PPD). This study investigated the association between PPD risk and the anesthesia method used in CS by using data from three linked nationwide databases in Taiwan, namely, the National Health Insurance Research Database, the National Birth Reporting Database, and the National Death Index Database. Read More

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Medical-Legal and Psychosocial Considerations on Parental Alienation as a Form of Child Abuse: A Brief Review.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, RO-020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Parental alienation, an entity situated at the limit of psychiatry, sociology, and justice, still represents a controversial concept despite the legal dispositions that take it into account. The scope of this paper is to consider the relationship between parent and child, and child abuse from a psychosocial perspective, as well as to depict parental alienation, considered a form of child abuse, without omitting contradictory arguments which are also based on prudence in the minor's interest, turning the attention to parental estrangement. Although parental alienation is not a psychiatric diagnosis per se and neither is parental estrangement, recognizing the difference between them is vital to adequately manage the situation at the time of establishing custody. Read More

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Adverse Childhood Events, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Infectious Encephalopathies and Immune-Mediated Disease.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.

Adverse Childhood Events (ACE), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and infectious encephalopathies are associated with immune-mediated diseases. Data supporting this are reviewed, and an integrated hypothesis is provided. All three can be associated with intrusive symptoms and temporal lobe pathology. Read More

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Child Abuse and Neglect Awareness among Medical Students.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 14;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatrics, King Fahd Hospital of the University, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34211, Saudi Arabia.

Physical, emotional, and sexual abuse and various forms of neglect of children have been encountered more frequently by healthcare providers, particularly physicians. However, mismanagement of child abuse and neglect (CAN) due to a lack of awareness of it can lead to substantial and serious consequences. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the awareness of CAN among medical students and compare it between preclinical and clinical males and females in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Use of Self-Figure Drawing as an Assessment Tool for Child Abuse: Differentiating between Sexual, Physical, and Emotional Abuse.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 11;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Child abuse is a worldwide phenomenon with adverse short- and long-term mental and physical negative consequences, with a huge gap between the prevalence of child abuse and disclosure rates. The study aimed to examine and validate the self-figure drawing as an assessment tool to differentiate between three forms of child abuse, i.e. Read More

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Neonatal Abusive Head Trauma without External Injuries: Suspicion Improves Diagnosis.

Children (Basel) 2022 May 30;9(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Inha University Hospital, Incheon 22332, Korea.

The term "shaken baby syndrome" has been replaced by "abusive head trauma (AHT)" based on the mechanism of injury. The reported mortality rate of AHT ranges from 10% to 30%. Up to two-thirds of survivors suffer from serious long-term disabilities. Read More

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Childhood trauma subtypes may influence the pattern of substance use and preferential substance in men with alcohol and/or crack-cocaine addiction.

Braz J Psychiatry 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Centro de Pesquisa em Álcool e Drogas, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento, Departamento de Psiquiatria, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To compare the prevalence and subtypes of childhood maltreatment (CM) between individuals with and without substance use disorder (SUD) and investigate the influence of different traumas on the preferential use of substances and the severity of dependence.

Methods: The sample consisted of 1,040 men with SUD (alcohol users [n=315], crack-cocaine users [n=406], multiple-substance users [n=319]) and 201 controls. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Addiction Severity Index-6 (ASI-6) were used to assess CM and drug-use patterns. Read More

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The influence of childhood abuse and prenatal intimate partner violence on childbirth experiences and breastfeeding outcomes.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 20;131:105743. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Institute for Community Health Research, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue City, Viet Nam; Australian Centre for Health Law Research, Faculty of Business and Law, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Despite the detrimental effects and life-course health consequences of violence exposure, relatively few studies have adequate capacity to investigate the evolution of violence from childhood to motherhood.

Objective: This study aims to examine the cyclical nature of childhood abuse and prenatal inter-partner violent victimization (p-IPV) and its adverse impact on childbirth trauma and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice in Vietnam.

Method: Using a prospective birth cohort, 150 pregnant women were recruited in the third trimester of pregnancy in Hue city in central Vietnam (Wave 1-Baseline) and re-interviewed approximately three months after delivery (Wave 2-Follow-up). Read More

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[Regulatory disorders in early childhood: identification, prevention and treatment guidelines].

Andes Pediatr 2022 Apr;93(2):159-166

Comité de Lactancia Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría, Santiago, Chile.

Regulation disorders are defined according to current guidelines and classification systems as disor ders in the interaction between infants and their parents, being characterized by a symptomatic triad that includes aspects of the child, parental characteristics and parent-child interaction. This disorder may generate family imbalance and in the long term to be a risk factor for internalizing and externa lizing disorders, as well as child abuse. The proposed management includes working with the family system, anticipating its appearance, considering the parental conditions. Read More

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Male intake of omega-3 fatty acids and risk of intimate partner violence perpetration: a nationwide birth cohort - the Japan Environment and Children's Study.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2022 Jun 23;31:e45. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Aims: Intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has favourable effects on reducing aggressive and violent behaviours, but its association with perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) is not known. We aimed to determine the association between male intake of omega-3 PUFAs and risk of IPV perpetration.

Methods: Participants were male-female pairs in the Japan Environment and Children's Study, in which first pregnant women and then their partners were enrolled (analytic sample: = 48 065). Read More

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How childhood maltreatment links to labor values? The mediating role of moral competence and prosocial normative tendency.

BMC Psychol 2022 Jun 22;10(1):159. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Elementary Education, Changsha Normal University, No. 9 Xingshateli Rd., Changsha, 410081, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Labor values are important components of the individual value system and considered to be among the most important values of an individual, especially in China. In studies of values, childhood maltreatment is considered to have an important influence on the formation of individual values. However, there is no previous research about the relationship between childhood maltreatment and labor values. Read More

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Patterns of adverse childhood experiences and associations with prenatal substance use and poor infant outcomes in a multi-country cohort of mothers: a latent class analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2022 Jun 22;22(1):505. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: This paper enumerates and characterizes latent classes of adverse childhood experiences and investigates how they relate to prenatal substance use (i.e., smoking, alcohol, and other drugs) and poor infant outcomes (i. Read More

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Hospitalisations related to benzodiazepine, Z-drug, and opioid treatment in Italy: a claim on the risks associated with inappropriate use.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Section of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence, Viale G. Pieraccini, 6, 50139, Florence, Italy.

Purpose: Benzodiazepines (BZD), Z-drugs (ZD), and opioids share a high risk of abuse. This study assessed and characterised adverse events (AEs) related to BDZ, ZD, and opioids leading to emergency department (ED) visits in the Italian setting.

Methods: ED accesses related to BDZ, ZD, and/or opioids were analysed from the MEREAFaPS database. Read More

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Childhood embedded: childhood abuse and chronic physical health conditions over a 10-year period.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

School of Human Services, University of Central Missouri, 108 W South St., Warrensburg, MO 64093, USA.

Background: Childhood abuse is linked to experiencing multiple chronic health problems in midlife adults. Research has seldom examined whether childhood abuse is associated with a greater number of chronic physical health issues over time. The current study was to examine the contributions of childhood abuse on the development of chronic health conditions over a 10-year period. Read More

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Correspondence of Child Age and Gender Distribution in Child Sexual Exploitation Material and Other Child Content With Age and Gender of Child Sexual Assault Victims.

Sex Abuse 2022 Jun 22:10790632221108951. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Royal Ottawa Health Care Group, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Accessing child sexual exploitation material (CSEM; in legal statutes) can indicate sexual interest in children. It logically follows then that the age and gender of the depicted children may reflect specific interests in those age/gender groups, and if so, may correspond to age and gender of any known contact offending victims. We had data on CSEM characteristics and child victims for 71 men convicted of CSEM offenses who also had contact sexual offenses against children; some had also sexually solicited children online. Read More

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Loneliness and coping skill mediate the association between child maltreatment and depression for rural males and females.

BMC Psychiatry 2022 Jun 21;22(1):413. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Health Management and Policy Research, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, 44 Wenhuaxi Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Background: Child maltreatment is a prevalent and notable problem in rural China, and the prevalence and severity of depression in rural areas are higher than the national norm. Several studies have found that loneliness and coping skills respectively mediated the relationship between child maltreatment and depression. However, few studies have examined the roles of loneliness and coping skills in child maltreatment and depression based on gender differences. Read More

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Beyond arrival: safeguarding unaccompanied asylum-seeking children in the UK.

Arch Dis Child 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Camden Integrated Services for Children, Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Unaccompanied children (also called unaccompanied minors) are children who have been separated from both parents and other relatives and are not being cared for by an adult who, by law or custom, is responsible for doing so. From 2010 to 2020, unaccompanied minors accounted on average for 15.4% of the total number of first-time asylum applicants aged less than 18 years in the UK. Read More

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Facilitators and barriers to Children's Advocacy Center-based multidisciplinary teamwork.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 18;131:105710. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Children's Advocacy Centers (CACs) use a multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach to initiate, coordinate, and provide essential multisector services for children and families who experience child abuse. Despite rapid dissemination of the CAC model across the world, little is known about characteristics associated with CAC-based teamwork.

Objective: Given that teamwork characteristics may impact the outcomes of child and families who interact with CACs, the purpose of this qualitative study was to explore experiences, facilitators, and barriers to CAC-based multidisciplinary teamwork. Read More

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Some unusual cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child sexual abuse (1980-2020).

Mark Wi Webster

N Z Med J 2022 Mar 11;135(1551):115-120. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Cardiologist, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, NZ.

Aim: To assess the pattern of some unusual cases of child abuse, including their trial and subsequent appeal outcomes, over the last 40 years.

Method: Cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child abuse, occurring in a pre-school or similar setting, without physical evidence of abuse, from developed, English-speaking countries were collected.

Results: Thirty cases fulfilled the study criteria: 26 from the US and one each from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the UK. Read More

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