39,182 results match your criteria Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery[Journal]


Hydrocephalus-related quality of life as assessed by children and their caregivers.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2020 Jul 10:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery.

Objective: Hydrocephalus is a chronic medical condition that has a significant impact on children and their caregivers. The objective of this study was to measure the quality of life (QOL) of children with hydrocephalus, as assessed by both caregivers and patients.

Methods: Pediatric patients with hydrocephalus and their caregivers were enrolled during routine neurosurgery clinic visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.4.PEDS19660DOI Listing

Decision Making in Pediatric Plastic Surgery: Autonomy and Shared Approaches.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Surgery, Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI.

Background: Although shared decision-making is essential to patient-centered healthcare, its role in pediatric plastic surgery remains unclear. The objective of this study was to define the preferred level of involvement in surgical decision-making among children, caregivers, and surgeons.

Methods: The authors surveyed pediatric plastic surgery patients (n = 100) and their caregivers regarding their preferences on child involvement during surgical decision-making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006738DOI Listing

Early term elective Caesarean sections did not increase the risk of behavioural problems at six to eight years of age.

Acta Paediatr 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Aim: Our aim was to explore the under-researched associations between an elective Caesarean section (C-section) at early term or full term gestation and behaviour at 6-8 years of age.

Methods: We identified 1220 eligible children born by elective C-sections at Danish hospital from 2009-2011. Their mothers were randomised to elective C-sections at either 38+3 (early term) or 39+3 (full term) weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15468DOI Listing

A prospective randomised study on efficacy of music for decreasing preoperative anxiety in children.

J Perioper Pract 2020 Jul 10:1750458920939780. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, USA.

Background: The operating room can be a frightening environment for paediatric patients. This study investigated whether music medicine can mitigate preoperative anxiety in children.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and fifty children undergoing general anaesthesia were randomised to listen to music of the child's choice, lullaby music or no music before induction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1750458920939780DOI Listing

Mothers' Adjustment to Autism: Exploring the Roles of Autism Knowledge and Culture.

J Pediatr Psychol 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Boston University.

Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) service-use disparities are well-documented among racial/ethnic minorities. Yet the nuanced impact that culture has on barriers to ASD service-use has not been sufficiently explored among these populations. This study explores the interrelatedness of culture and service-use barriers (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsaa044DOI Listing

Role of adjuvant therapy in stage IIIC2 endometrial cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Objective: The role of the different types of adjuvant treatments in endometrial cancer with para-aortic node metastases is unclear. The aim of this study was to report oncologic outcomes after adjuvant therapy in patients with stage IIIC2 endometrial cancer.

Methods: This retrospective single-institution study assessed patients with stage IIIC2 endometrial cancer who underwent primary surgery from January 1984 to December 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2020-001446DOI Listing

Parents' Past Bonding Experience with Their Parents Interacts with Current Parenting Stress to Influence the Quality of Interaction with Their Child.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Jul 7;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 7.

School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore.

Healthy dyadic interactions serve as a foundation for child development and are typically characterised by mutual emotional availability of both the parent and child. However, several parental factors might undermine optimal parent-child interactions, including the parent's current parenting stress levels and the parent's past bonding experiences with his/her own parents. To date, no study has investigated the possible interaction of parenting stress and parental bonding history with their own parents on the quality of emotional availability during play interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10070114DOI Listing

Expectations and knowledge of cannabidiol therapy for childhood epilepsy - A German caregiver survey.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 Jul 6;111:107268. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Neuropediatrics and Muscle Disorders, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine University of Freiburg, Mathildenstraße 1, 79106 Freiburg, Germany; Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Germany; Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Canada.

Background: Cannabidiol (CBD) has gained popularity among parents of children with epilepsy, even before evidence of efficacy and safety was available. The aim of our survey was to gain information about parental attitude to CBD, as well as expectations and knowledge of CBD for treatment of their child's epilepsy.

Methods: A survey using an open-access online questionnaire for parents or caregivers of children with epilepsy within German-speaking countries from March to June 2019 was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107268DOI Listing

Trends in Emergency Department Visits for Contact Sports-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children - United States, 2001-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020 Jul 10;69(27):870-874. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Division of Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.

During 2010-2016, there were an average of 283,000 U.S. emergency department (ED) visits each year among children for sports and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries (SRR-TBIs); approximately 45% of these SRR-TBIs were associated with contact sports (1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6927a4DOI Listing

Comparison of individual-level and population-level risk factors for rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, and eczema in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three.

World Allergy Organ J 2020 Jun 2;13(6):100123. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema in children cluster at both the individual and population levels.

Objectives: To assess individual-level and school-level risk factors for symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis and compare them to corresponding associations with symptoms of asthma and eczema in Phase Three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.

Methods: We studied 116,863 children aged 6-7 years from 2163 schools in 59 centres and 22 countries and 224,436 adolescents aged 13-14 years from 2037 schools in 97 centres in 41 countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.waojou.2020.100123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334817PMC

[Ethics in Pediatric Neurology].

Authors:
Momoko Sasazuki

Brain Nerve 2020 Jul;72(7):785-796

Faculty of Health and Welfare, Seinan Jogakuin University.

There are various types of serious pediatric neurological diseases, although the absolute number of children with either of them is small. These children often have life-threatening conditions with severe disability and rely on medical technologies. Each child follows a different illness trajectory, which makes it difficult to predict his/her prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416201596DOI Listing

The Fairytale Semantic Differential Technique: A Cross-Cultural Application.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Jul 6;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya st. 11/9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.

The "Fairytale Semantic Differential" method, in which the respondent assesses several fairytale characters according to a set of personal characteristics, is designed for individual psychological work with children 4-10 years old. Personality characteristics, according to which the characters are evaluated, are formulated in terms understandable to child respondents, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10070112DOI Listing

Stress and Perception of Procedural Pain Management in Chinese Parents of Children with Cancer.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR. Electronic address:

Objectives: Children with cancer are exposed to repeated painful and invasive procedures. This study examines Chinese parents' stress and perception towards their children's procedural pain-control.

Methods: We recruited 265 parents of children (aged <18 years) diagnosed with hematological cancer (74. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.028DOI Listing

Agnathia otocephaly: A case from the Katanga Copperbelt.

Birth Defects Res 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Center for Human Genetics, University Hospital, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Agnathia otocephaly is a rare craniofacial malformation complex characterised by absent/hypoplastic mandible, abnormally positioned ears meeting at level of neck. Besides mutations in two genes, PRRX1 and OTX2, a teratogenic cause has been suggested. A higher risk of congenital malformations has been associated with paternal work in mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's part of the Copperbelt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bdr2.1758DOI Listing

Body size preferences and food choice among mothers and children in Malawi.

Matern Child Nutr 2020 Jul 7:e13024. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Overweight in mothers and children in sub-Saharan Africa is rapidly increasing and may be related to body size perceptions and preferences. We enrolled 268 mother-child (6-59 months) pairs in central Malawi; 71% of mothers and 56% of children were overweight/obese, and the remainder were normal weight. Interviewers used seven body silhouette drawings and a questionnaire with open- and closed-ended questions to measure mothers' perceptions of current, preferred and healthy maternal and child body sizes and their relation to food choices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13024DOI Listing

Parent-specific effects on risk of developing allergic sensitization and asthma in childhood.

Clin Exp Allergy 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

COPSAC, Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Parent's history of atopic traits increases the risk of the same traits in their children, but mother's history may confer an increased risk compared to father's history.

Objective: To investigate parent-specific effects on risk of developing allergic sensitization and asthma in childhood.

Methods: We included 685 parent-child trios from the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood 2010 (COPSAC2010) cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13670DOI Listing

Genetics of somatotype and physical fitness in children and adolescents.

Am J Hum Biol 2020 Jul 7:e23470. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Objectives: To analyze the influence of genetic and environmental factors on the variation in somatotype, physical fitness, and their mutual associations.

Methods: Twins from 214 pairs (87 monozygotic) of the Autonomous Region of Madeira, Portugal, from 3 to 18 years of age (51% girls) were assessed in anthropometry and physical fitness tests. We estimated endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy based on anthropometric measures and physical fitness using the Eurofit test battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.23470DOI Listing

Limited agreement between clinical assessment of infant colour at birth and oxygen saturation in a hospital in Ethiopia.

Acta Paediatr 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Woman's and Child's Health, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Aim: To evaluate the relationship between clinical assessment of infant colour and oxygen saturation at birth in a low-resource setting.

Methods: Classification of infant colour (cyanotic, pink or unclear) by midwives was compared to pulse-oximeter data at 60-90-120-300 seconds after birth in 60 neonates.

Results: Overall, oxygen saturation increased over time (p<0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15463DOI Listing

Impacts of a Home Visiting Program Enhanced with Content on Healthy Birth Spacing.

Matern Child Health J 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Mathematica, P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ, 08543, USA.

Objectives: This study sought to determine the impact of Healthy Families Healthy Futures (HFHF) enhanced with Steps to Success (STS). HFHF is a structured home visiting program for teen parents in Houston that focuses on improving parenting skills and preventing child abuse. HFHF enhanced with STS includes content and activities aimed to reduce repeat pregnancies within 24 months after the first child's birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-020-02968-6DOI Listing

Rationale, design and study protocol of the 'Strong Families Start at Home' feasibility trial to improve the diet quality of low-income, ethnically diverse children by helping parents improve their feeding and food preparation practices.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2020 Sep 16;19:100583. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA.

There is an urgent need to create effective interventions that help parents establish a healthy diet among their children early in life, especially among low-income and ethnically and racially diverse families. U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2020.100583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327278PMC
September 2020

An Evaluation of Three Ways of Communicating Carrier Status Results to the Parents of Children in a Neonatal Sickle Cell Screening Programme.

Front Pediatr 2020 19;8:300. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Centre d'Investigation Clinique de Biothérapie, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent monogenic disease worldwide; ~5-7% of the world population carry a hemoglobin disorder trait. In the US, one in every 1,941 newborns has SCD, whereas one in every 3,000 newborns in France is affected - resulting in 385 new cases and 5,883 newly identified carriers per year. The objective of the present study was to evaluate three different ways of providing information to parents at risk of having a child with SCD, with a view to increasing the parental screening rate and decreasing the number of new cases per year in France. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318296PMC

The Input Matters: Assessing Cumulative Language Access in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Individuals and Populations.

Authors:
Matthew L Hall

Front Psychol 2020 19;11:1407. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children present several challenges to traditional methods of language assessment, and yet language assessment for this population is absolutely essential for optimizing their developmental potential. Whereas assessment often focuses on language outcomes, this Conceptual Analysis argues that assessing cumulative language is critically important both in clinical work with DHH individuals and in research/public health contexts concerned with DHH populations. At the individual level, paying attention to the input (and the person's access to it) is vital for discriminating disorder from delay, and for setting goals and strategies for reaching them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319016PMC

Assessing, Consulting, Reporting Heuristics in Professional Decision-Making Regarding Suspected Child Maltreatment in Community Healthcare Services.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jul 7:1077559520937351. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Clalit Health Services, Haifa and West Galilee District, Israel.

This study investigated child protection decision-making practices of healthcare-professionals in community-health-services. We examined the effect of heuristics in professional judgments regarding suspected maltreatment, as affected by the child's ethnicity, gender, and family socioeconomic-status, as well as the healthcare-worker's workload-stress, and personal and professional background. Furthermore, we examined how these variables influence judgments regarding suspected maltreatment and intentions to consult and report child-maltreatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520937351DOI Listing

Association between maternal socioeconomic factors, decision-making status, and dental utilization by children with early childhood caries in sub-urban Nigeria.

J Public Health Dent 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

School of Public Health, San Diego State University, CA, San Diego.

Aim: To determine the association between maternal education, income, and decision-making status and the presence of early childhood caries (ECC) and dental-service utilization among young children.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on data from a household survey of 1,549 mother-preschool-aged-child dyads conducted in Ife Central Local Government Area, Nigeria. The explanatory variables were maternal education, income, and decision-making status (related to healthcare, large household purchases, and visits to family/relatives). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12383DOI Listing

Language Disparities Related to Maternal Education Emerge by Two Years in a Low-Income Sample.

Matern Child Health J 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Compelling Analytics, LLC, Columbus, USA.

Objectives: Young children living in low-income households experience disparities in language development compared to their advantaged peers, with large differences in language skill by kindergarten entry. In this study, we sought to determine whether there were disparities in early language trajectories within a low-income sample of children from 9 to 36 months as a function of maternal education. We hypothesized that children with more highly educated mothers would show accelerated language trajectories compared to children with less educated mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-020-02973-9DOI Listing

Comparison of Early Life Obesity-Related Risk and Protective Factors in Non-Hispanic Black Subgroups.

Matern Child Health J 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Objectives: Previous obesity prevention studies in preschool-age children have included non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children, but few have investigated between-subgroup differences even though there may be cultural risk and protective practice differences, challenging the generalizability of findings. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in early childhood obesity-related factors in NHB subgroups (Haitian, other Caribbean Islander and African-American [AA]) children.

Methods: Baseline data from two randomized controlled trials in 52 childcare centers of which 35 had data to test a preschool-based obesity prevention intervention was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-020-02979-3DOI Listing

Low intensity treatment for clinically anxious youth: a randomised controlled comparison against face-to-face intervention.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Deakin Health Economics, School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University Melbourne, VIC, 3125, Australia.

Methods to deliver empirically validated treatments for anxious youth that require fewer therapist resources (low intensity) are beginning to emerge. However, the relative efficacy of low-intensity treatment for youth anxiety against standard face-to-face delivery has not been comprehensively evaluated. Young people aged 6-16 years with a primary anxiety disorder (N = 281) were randomly allocated to treatment delivered either face-to-face or in a low-intensity format. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01596-3DOI Listing

A meta-analysis of the predictability of LENA™ automated measures for child language development.

Dev Rev 2020 Sep 11;57. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University, 915 Olentangy River Road # 4000, Columbus, OH.

Early language environment plays a critical role in child language development. The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA™) system allows researchers and clinicians to collect daylong recordings and obtain automated measures to characterize a child's language environment. This meta-analysis evaluates the predictability of LENA's automated measures for language skills in young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2020.100921DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7337141PMC
September 2020

Depression, obesity and their comorbidity during pregnancy: effects on the offspring's mental and physical health.

Mol Psychiatry 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Biological Psychiatry Unit, IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

Depression and obesity represent two of the most common complications during pregnancy and are associated with severe health risks for both the mother and the child. Although several studies have analysed the individual effects of depression or obesity on the mothers and their children, the effects associated with the co-occurrence of both disorders have so far been poorly investigated. The relationship between depression and obesity is very complex and it is still unclear whether maternal depression leads to obesity or vice versa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-020-0813-6DOI Listing

Transitioning Children With Medical Complexity From Hospital to Home Health Care: Implications for Hospital-Based Clinicians.

Hosp Pediatr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Objectives: There is limited research about best practices for transitioning children with medical complexity (CMC) from hospital to home. Our objectives were to describe issues related to transitioning CMC from hospital to home health care and identify strategies to improve this transition.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in western North Carolina between 2012 and 2014 and involved a focus group of 14 hospital- and community-based stakeholders and 4 focus groups of 18 home health nurses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2020-0068DOI Listing

Observation of Emergency Room Nurses Managing Pediatric Pain: Care to Be Given… Care Given….

Pain Manag Nurs 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada; CIUSSS-Estrie CHUS, University Hospital Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Although pain undeniably has negative consequences, pain management often remains suboptimal, particularly in the pediatric population in the emergency room (ER).

Aim: In this observational study using qualitative and quantitative methods, we investigated everyday adherence to current nursing best-practice pediatric guidelines in the ER paying particular attention to the interaction between children, parents, and nurses.

Methods: An adapted version of the nursing observation tool for pain management was used to describe pediatric pain management provided by nurses caring for children (0-14 years old) admitted to the ER. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2020.03.002DOI Listing

[Social inequalities in oral health and early childhood caries: How can they be effectively prevented? A scoping review of disease predictors].

Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Educational and Health Practices Laboratory, LEPS, UR 3412, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, 74, rue Marcel-Cachin, 93017 Bobigny, France; Public health Department, Dentistry Faculty, university of Paris, 75006 Paris, France.

Background: Early childhood caries represent a major public health problem. In addition to their individual impact, the massive social inequalities in oral health that are at the roots and result from the disease have largely underestimated consequences for the child, his family and the community. In response to the question of "how and where to act?", this scoping review identifies the individual characteristics associated with the disease on which it would be possible to act, using appropriate prevention strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2020.06.004DOI Listing

Caregiver's perspectives on facilitators and barriers of active participation in cerebral palsy rehabilitation in North West Nigeria: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 6;20(1):615. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Physiotherapy, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Cerebral Palsy (CP) refers to the permanent disorders involving postural and movement control as a result of injury to the developing brain. As a result of impairment in postural and movement control, children with CP usually have problems in carrying out activities of daily living (ADL). This makes them dependent on help from their caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05487-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336653PMC

Pediatric Patients Treated for Leukemia Back to School: A Mixed-Method Analysis of Narratives about Daily Life and Illness Experience.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Jul 1;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplant Center, Department of Woman's and Child's Health, University of Padua, 35128 Padua, Italy.

In the last few years, more children and adolescents healed from leukemia go back to their daily life, even if they can show some psycho-social difficulties. The study adopted semi-structured interviews and a mixed-method approach to examine the narratives of 75 children and adolescents about their return to school post 2-years treatment for leukemia. The aims are to collect their illness experiences, to understand how they feel about school and daily routines and to identify the best socio-demographic and illness predictors of a good re-adaptation to school and daily life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10070107DOI Listing

Mothers and Fathers Parenting Stress and Their Perception of Children's Psychosocial Functioning in Paediatric Diabetes: A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 1;17(13). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Pediatric Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Unit, Department of Surgery, Dentistry, Pediatrics and Gynaecology, University-Hospital of Verona, 37126 Verona, Italy.

(1) : In the context of a child with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM), the rearrangement of the family's lifestyle can account for an increased risk of experiencing psychosocial problems for both child and parents. Those few studies on pediatric diabetes, which focused on parents' perception of children's psychological strengths and weaknesses, reported significantly higher rates of children's emotional and conduct problems associated with an imbalance in the Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The main aim of this paper was to assess the role of parental perception of children's psychosocial symptoms as a mediator of the perceived parenting stress, considering mother and father separately. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134734DOI Listing

Stunting among Preschool Children in India: Temporal Analysis of Age-Specific Wealth Inequalities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 30;17(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.

Adequate nutritional intake for mothers during pregnancy and for children in the first two years of life is known to be crucial for a child's lifelong physical and neurodevelopment. In this regard, the global nutrition community has focused on strategies for improving nutritional intake during the first 1,000 day period. This is largely justified by the observed steep decline in children's height-for-age z scores from birth to 23 months and presumed growth faltering at later ages as a reflection of earlier deprivation that is accumulated and irreversible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134702DOI Listing

Instrument to Identify Food Neophobia in Brazilian Children by Their Caregivers.

Nutrients 2020 Jun 30;12(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Nutrition, University of Brasília, 70910-900 Brasília, Brazil.

This study aimed to develop a specific instrument to evaluate food neophobia focused on Brazilian children and to perform the content validation and internal semantic consistency and reproducibility evaluation of the instrument. Three steps were necessary to conduct the study: (i) development of the instrument, (ii) internal validation (content validation and semantic evaluation) of the food neophobia instrument using 22 experts in the first round and 20 of them in the second round, (iii) evaluation of the internal consistency and reproducibility of the instrument with the children's caregivers, using the test-retest (where the same caregiver- = 22-answered twice, with 24 h interval) and comparing responses between two caregivers ( = 44) of the same children ( = 22). We developed an instrument in Brazilian-Portuguese to evaluate children's food neophobia based on the caregivers' perceptions with 25 items divided into three domains (neophobia in general, neophobia for fruits and neophobia for vegetables). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12071943DOI Listing

Self-referent encoding facilitates memory binding in young children: New insights into the self-reference effect in memory development.

J Exp Child Psychol 2020 Jul 3;198:104919. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland 4222, Australia.

Episodic memory allows humans to retrieve and distinguish specific memories. The formation of item-context bindings, whereby the to-be-recalled items are tied to aspects of the encoding context, is important to the effective operation of episodic memory. The self-reference effect refers to the memory advantage for items encoded in relation to the self versus another. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104919DOI Listing

"I Could Never Prepare for Something Like the Death of My Own Child": Parental Perspectives on Preparedness at End of Life for Children with Complex Chronic Conditions.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Assistant Professor, Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Main Building, 11 South Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States.

Context: Children with complex chronic conditions (CCCs) have high morbidity and mortality. While these children often receive palliative care services, little is known about parental preparedness for their child's end of life (EOL).

Objectives: This study aimed to elucidate aspects important to preparedness at EOL among bereaved parents of children with CCCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.035DOI Listing

Development and Linguistic Cue Analysis of the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory-Short Form.

J Pers Assess 2020 Jul 6:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Personality and Assessment, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The present study derived a short form of the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory-Trait Version (STCI-T30) using an item response theory framework. Latent trait test-retest correlations and reliability across the latent continuum in the STCI-T30 remained high. Moreover, the STCI-T30 showed external validity with criterion variables (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2020.1779733DOI Listing

Process Evaluation of an eHealth Intervention (Food4toddlers) to Improve Toddlers' Diet: Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Hum Factors 2020 Jul 6;7(3):e18171. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Nutrition and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.

Background: Parents seek trustworthy information online to promote healthy eating for their toddlers. Such information must be perceived as relevant and easy to implement and use.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to conduct a process evaluation of the electronic health (eHealth) intervention (Food4toddlers) targeting food environment, parental feeding practices, and toddlers' diet and to examine possible differences in these areas according to education and family composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/18171DOI Listing

Anxiety disorders in children with high intellectual potential.

BJPsych Open 2020 Jul 6;6(4):e70. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Pôle Hospitalo-Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Centre National d'Aide aux enfants et adolescents à Haut Potentiel, Centre Hospitalier Guillaume Régnier, Université de Rennes 1; and Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, UMR 8242, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France.

Background: Several studies have reported anxiety disorders in children with high intellectual potential (HIP). However, there are discrepant results possibly as a result of methodological biases (different/absent definitions of HIP, small sample sizes, non-validated/adapted/specific tools for assessing anxiety and a single observational source).

Aims: To examine more thoroughly the relationships between HIP and anxiety in large samples of children using clear definitions of HIP, different observational sources and specific assessments of anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2019.104DOI Listing

Feasibility of a psychoeducational group intervention to improve parental reflective functioning and bonding in pregnancy: a randomised trial.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2020 Jul 4:1-17. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Psychology, Durham University , Durham, UK.

Objective: To develop and evaluate Baby CHAT, a single-session psychoeducational intervention for expectant parents. Baby CHAT aims to improve parental reflective functioning (RF) and bonding.

Background: The early years of a child's life, including pregnancy, are vital for healthy physical and emotional development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2020.1786036DOI Listing

Prospective Evaluation of a Smartphone Otoscope for Home Tympanostomy Tube Surveillance: A Pilot Study.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2020 Jul 4:3489420938820. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Objectives: Recent technological advances have led to the capability of performing high resolution imaging of the tympanic membrane. Smartphone technologies and applications have provided the opportunity to capture digital images and easily share them. The smartphone otoscope device was developed as a simple system that can convert a smartphone into a digital otoscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489420938820DOI Listing

Psychosocial and cultural needs of children with intellectual disability and their families among the Syrian refugee population in Turkey.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Turkey is the country hosting the largest number of refugees from Syria, with currently 3 571 175 million persons. The general health needs of the refugees are being addressed; however, people with intellectual disabilities (IDs), particularly children, are relatively missed. The aim of this study was to identify medical, psychological and social needs of children with ID and their families, among the Syrian refugee population in Turkey, and to define psychosocial and cultural needs for planning of future services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12760DOI Listing

Two novel mutations in the gene leading to classic Bartter syndrome presenting as syncope and hypertension in a 13-year-old boy.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jul 5;13(7). Epub 2020 Jul 5.

School of Medicine, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Classic Bartter syndrome is a rare condition caused by mutations in the gene and characterised by metabolic alkalosis, hypokalaemia, hyper-reninaemia and hyperaldosteronism. Early signs and symptoms usually occur before a child's sixth birthday and include polyuria and developmental delay. We treated a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy with this syndrome presenting with atypical presentations including syncope and hypertension, but normal growth and development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-233872DOI Listing

Sociodemographic and environmental factors associated with childhood sleep duration.

Sleep Health 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

Objectives: This study investigates sociodemographic and environmental correlates of sleep duration among school-aged children.

Design & Setting: The New York City 2009 Child Community Health Survey was analyzed using weighted regression analyses.

Participants: 1293 Asian, Black, Latino and White children ages 6-12 years, 999 children in Pre-K - 5th grade and 294 children in the 6th-8th grades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2020.05.007DOI Listing

Effects of a physical activity program from diagnosis on cardiorespiratory fitness in children with cancer: a national non-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Med 2020 Jul 6;18(1):175. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The Juliane Marie Center, University Hospital of Copenhagen (Rigshospitalet), Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Children with cancer experience impaired cardiorespiratory fitness and physical function during and after treatment restricting their possibilities to engage in social activities including sport, leisure activities, and school. The objectives were to determine the effects of classmate-supported, controlled, supervised, in-hospital, physical activity program to preserve cardiorespiratory fitness and physical function from time of diagnosis in children with cancer.

Methods: National non-randomized controlled trial including schoolchildren aged 6-18 years at diagnosis treated with chemo-/radiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-01634-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336676PMC