35,373 results match your criteria Child's Nervous System[Journal]


Identifiers of Language Impairment for Spanish-English Dual Language Learners.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a standardized assessment developed for Spanish-English dual language learners (SEDLLs) differentiates SEDLLs with language impairment (LI) from children with typical language better than the translated/adapted Spanish and/or English version of a standardized assessment and to determine if adding informal measure/s to the standardized assessment increases the classification accuracy.

Method: Standardized and informal language assessment measures were administered to 30 Mexican American 4- to 5-year-old SEDLLs to determine the predictive value of each measure and the group of measures that best identified children with LI and typical language. Discriminant analyses were performed on the data set. Read More

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December 2018
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Prevalence of functional constipation among Palestinian preschool children and the relation to stressful life events.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Haaglanden Medical Center, The Hague, the Netherlands.

Aim: Increasing evidence exists with respect to the relation between stressful life events and functional constipation (FC). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of FC in Palestinian refugee preschool children and to determine if stress and trauma exposure are risk factors of FC in these children.

Methods: From November 2013 until May 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in West Bank, Gaza and Jordan. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric Office Delivery of Smoking Cessation Assistance for Breast-Feeding Mothers.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.

Introduction: National and international organizations have done an excellent job of advocating and promoting breast feeding for all mothers. This study assessed to what extent an intervention increased delivery of cessation assistance to breast-feeding mothers who smoke.

Methods: Data were collected between April and October 2015 in five US states as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 pediatric practices. Read More

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December 2018

I. INTRODUCTION: THE CO-CONSTRUCTION OF MOTHER-CHILD ATTACHMENT RELATIONSHIPS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD.

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 2018 Dec;83(4):7-21

Attachment relationships are formed, organized, and elaborated through interactions between an attachment figure and her/his child. The parent-child codetermination process that establishes their relationship in infancy extends and expands during the preschool years. A child's developing ability to use her/his mother as a secure base requires support, time, and practice during early childhood. Read More

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December 2018

THE MOTHER-CHILD ATTACHMENT PARTNERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD: SECURE BASE BEHAVIORAL AND REPRESENTATIONAL PROCESSES.

Authors:
Brian E Vaughn

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 2018 Dec;83(4):154-161

The chapters in this monograph describe the transition of attachment representations from a predominantly sensorimotor, in the moment, experience for the infant/toddler to internalized, mental representations of attachment that are transportable to new social contexts, in which attachment figures may not be present. The chapters focus on means that parents use to help their child effect this transition in terms of both behavioral support for the child's secure base behavior and for cognitive skills that underlie the child's construction of mental models of attachment. The results cohere across studies and make a compelling case for Bowlby's notion that internal models of how attachment "works" are co-constructed through social processes during early childhood. Read More

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December 2018
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Efficacy of external cold and a vibrating device in reducing discomfort of dental injections in children: A split mouth randomised crossover study.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Aim: To study the discomfort and fear associated with maxillary infiltration injections when using a combination of external cold and a commercially available vibrating device.

Methodology: A total of 60 children aged 7 years old participated in this split mouth randomised crossover study. The control intervention comprised of the administration of 1. Read More

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December 2018
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Home-based neonatal care by Health Extension Worker in rural Sidama Zone southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2018 9;9:147-155. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

School of Public Health, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia,

Background: Home-based neonatal care is associated with a reduction in neonatal mortality in settings with poor access to health facility-based care. The first day of a child's life is a day of unparalleled opportunity to spare lives and sets the level for a sound future. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and timing of home-based neonatal care by health extension workers (HEWs) in the rural Sidama Zone of southern Ethiopia. Read More

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November 2018

Supraglottic airway devices for surfactant treatment: systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Perinatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Woman's and Child's Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Objective: To compare surfactant administration via supraglottic airway device (SAD) vs. nasal CPAP alone or INSURE.

Study Design: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Clinicaltrials. Read More

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December 2018
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Treatments used for malaria in young Ethiopian children: a retrospective study.

Malar J 2018 Dec 5;17(1):451. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Aldermoor Health Centre, University of Southampton, Aldermoor Close, Southampton, SO16 5ST, UK.

Background: In Ethiopia, medicinal plants have been used to treat different diseases, including malaria, for many centuries. People living in rural areas are especially noted for their use of medicinal plants as a major component of their health care. This study aimed to study treatment-seeking and prioritize plants/plant recipes as anti-malarials, in Dembia district, one of the malarious districts in Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Low Lead Levels with Behavioral Problems and Executive Function Deficits in Schoolers from Montevideo, Uruguay.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 4;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

The negative effect of lead exposure on children's intelligence is well-documented. Less is known about the impact of lead on the use of executive functions to self-regulate behavior. We measured blood lead level (BLL) in a sample of first grade children from Montevideo, Uruguay (n = 206, age 6. Read More

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December 2018

The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education for Overweight/Obese Mother with Stunted Children (NEO-MOM) in Reducing the Double Burden of Malnutrition.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

(1) Background: In households experiencing the double burden of malnutrition, stunted children are in a better position for growth improvement when parents are able to direct their resources to support nutrition requirements. This study assesses the effectiveness of maternal nutrition education to reduce child stunting. (2) Methods: This was a Randomized Controlled Trial involving pairs of overweight/obese mothers with stunted children aged 2 to 5 years old in urban Indonesia. Read More

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December 2018

Blood Lead Surveillance and Exposure Sources Among Alaska Children.

J Public Health Manag Pract 2019 Jan/Feb;25 Suppl 1, Lead Poisoning Prevention:S71-S75

Section of Epidemiology, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Anchorage, Alaska.

Context: Nationally, the child lead poisoning prevention strategy focuses on children in low-income communities living in old housing with lead paint. In Alaska, however, only about 3% of existing homes were built before 1950 and 38% were built during 1950-1979. As such, lead paint in old housing is a less frequent source of exposure for Alaska children with elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs). Read More

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December 2018

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels: False-Positive Rates of Tests on Capillary Samples, Minnesota, 2011-2017.

J Public Health Manag Pract 2019 Jan/Feb;25 Suppl 1, Lead Poisoning Prevention:S44-S50

Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health, St Paul, Minnesota.

Context: A typical strategy for identifying children with elevated blood lead levels (BLL) is to use a test on a capillary sample as a screening tool and then perform a confirmatory test on a venous sample following an elevated capillary screen. However, tests on capillary samples are prone to false-positive results, which affect surveillance estimates of the prevalence of elevated BLL.

Objective: We sought to measure the prevalence and risk of false-positive results in elevated tests on capillary samples based on various potential predictors. Read More

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December 2018

Associations Between Household Chores and Childhood Self-Competency.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Children's Hospital, Charlottesville, VA.

Objective: The development of self-competence and self-efficacy is important to achieving academic, social, and career success. Examining whether performing chores in early elementary school contributes to later self-competence is needed.

Methods: We analyzed data from 9971 children participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten 2011 cohort entering kindergarten in the United States in 2010 to 2011. Read More

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November 2018
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Bowel management in children with spina bifida.

J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Colorectal and Pelvic Malformations Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Spina bifida is a birth defect that commonly causes bowel and bladder dysfunction in children with a significant negative impact on quality of life and emotional wellbeing. Fecal continence improves satisfaction and the quality of life of both children and their caretakers. Bowel management in children with spina bifida is hampered by limited controlled studies and variable practice within different institutions and subspecialists. Read More

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November 2018

Are children with special risk medical conditions receiving influenza vaccination? Validity of parental and provider report, and to a National Immunisation Register.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Discipline of Paediatrics , Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.

Background: To investigate the validity of parent reported influenza vaccination and provider reporting to the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR) in children with special risk medical conditions (SRMC).

Methods: Cross-sectional survey with parents of children with a SRMC aged ≥ 6 months and <18 years attending the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia from September 2015 to February 2016. Children aged <7 years provided data to assess provider-AIR reporting. Read More

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December 2018

Age Affects the Impact of Important Predictors on Mental Health Emergency Department Visits.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

Visits to emergency departments (EDs) for pediatric mental health care have increased over the years. The likelihood of ED re-visit is greatest for older children; however, little is known about age-varying effects on ED visits/re-visits. This study used population-based administrative databases from Alberta, Canada, to investigate the association of predictors on mental health ED visit frequency by age for 27,947 children who presented at least once for mental health care from April 2002 to March 2011. Read More

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November 2018

The Effect of Patient Education on Chinese Adolescent and Parental Beliefs About Counselors' Breaches of Confidentiality.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

The primary aim of the present study is to explore whether brief education can change Chinese adolescents' and parents' beliefs about when counselors would breach confidentiality. The two secondary aims are to examine whether the brief education (1) increases adolescents' willingness to share private information with their counselor and (2) decreases parents' expectations of the amount of information their child's counselor would divulge to them. Results showed that adolescents and parents who read a brief passage about the limitations of confidentiality were significantly less likely to believe counselors would breach confidentiality in situations where counselors reported they would not likely breach confidentiality. Read More

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November 2018

Varieties of Young Children's Prosocial Behavior in Zambia: The Role of Cognitive Ability, Wealth, and Inequality Beliefs.

Front Psychol 2018 16;9:2209. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States.

By the 3rd year of life, young children engage in a variety of prosocial behaviors, including helping others attain their goals (instrumental helping), responding to others' emotional needs (comforting), and sharing resources (costly giving). Recent work suggests that these behaviors emerge early, during the first 2 years of life (Svetlova et al., 2010; Thompson and Newton, 2012; Dunfield and Kuhlmeier, 2013). Read More

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November 2018

Placental MAOA expression mediates prenatal stress effects on temperament in 12-month-olds.

Infant Child Dev 2018 Jul-Aug;27(4). Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Clinical Psychology Program, The Graduate Center (CUNY), New York, New York, USA.

The placenta adapts to maternal environment and its alterations may have a lasting impact on child's temperament development. Prenatal stress has been linked to both a downregulation of monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene expression in the placenta and to difficult temperament. Capitalizing on an ongoing longitudinal study, we analysed data from 95 mother-child dyads to investigate whether MAOA mediates the association between prenatal stress and infant temperament. Read More

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Autologous fat grafting in the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency: Clinical outcomes and treatment tolerability survey in a case series of 21 patients.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):145-154

Department of Pediatric Surgery, SS. Antonio e Biagio e Cesare Arrigo Hospital, Alessandria, Italy.

Introduction: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is the inability to close the velopharyngeal sphincter during phonation and/or feeding. VPI is clinically characterised by hypernasal speech and nasal regurgitation. In cases of severe VPI, pharyngoplasty is recommended. Read More

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December 2018

Subcutaneous insulin administration in infants and toddlers.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1840-1842

Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

Management of diabetes in infants and toddlers requires the administration of multiple subcutaneous insulin injections and frequent monitoring of blood glucose. However, there are significant unique challenges in managing insulin injections in this age group due to unpredictable eating and activity patterns, less subcutaneous fat, increased risk of hypoglycaemia, and the child's inability to communicate symptoms and comprehend the need for insulin. Insulin pumps and pen devices are preferable to insulin syringes. Read More

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December 2018
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Fostering trust in healthcare: Participants' experiences, views, and concerns about the 100,000 genomes project.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Clinical Ethics and Law at Southampton (CELS), Faculty of Medicine University of Southampton, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

In this paper, we present findings from a project involving 20 patients with rare diseases, or parents thereof, participating in the 100,000 genomes project (100 kG P) about their experiences of, and views about, the project, including why they took part, and their hopes and concerns about the future of genomic medicine. Patients who attended genetic clinics for testing were offered the opportunity to undergo the more extensive whole genome sequencing (WGS) if they agreed to take part in the 100 kG P. Once people had agreed, a specific additional appointment was organised for them; taking part in the project therefore involved additional travel and appointments. Read More

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November 2018

Unmet Family Needs Concerning Healthcare Services in the Setting of Childhood Hospitalization for Cancer Treatment in Mainland China: A Qualitative Study.

J Pediatr Nurs 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: The focus of this paper is to identify the unmet family needs during children's hospitalization for cancer treatment.

Design And Methods: Qualitative interviews were carried out with five fathers and fourteen mothers purposively sampled from four pediatric oncology departments in Mainland China from September 2013 to March 2014. Audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim, and data in transcripts were coded and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Read More

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November 2018

A Rights-Based Approach for Service Providers to Measure the Quality of Life of Children with a Disability.

Value Health 2018 Dec 11;21(12):1419-1427. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Neurodevelopment and Disability, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Developmental Disability and Rehabilitation Research, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: This paper identifies the best instruments for service providers to measure the quality of life (QoL) of children with a disability, with a focus on their alignment with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with a Disability (CRPD).

Methods: This study reviewed systematic reviews to identify generic QoL instruments for children and adolescents, followed by an appraisal process using newly developed criteria. QoL instruments with a health status, functioning, and condition-specific focus were excluded. Read More

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December 2018

Early developmental risk for subsequent childhood mental disorders in an Australian population cohort.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 2:4867418814943. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

1 School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective:: We examined associations between developmental vulnerability profiles determined at the age of 5 years and subsequent childhood mental illness between ages 6 and 13 years in an Australian population cohort.

Methods:: Intergenerational records from New South Wales (NSW) Government Departments of Health and Child Protection spanning pre-birth to 13 years of age were linked with the 2009 Australian Early Development Census records for 86,668 children. Mental illness indices for children were extracted from health records between 2009 and 2016 (child's age of 6-13 years). Read More

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December 2018

Magnitude and Chronicity of Environmental Smoke Exposure Across Infancy and Early Childhood in a Sample of Low-Income Children.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Applied Psychology, New York University, New York, NY.

Introduction: Infants and young children may be at an increased risk for second- and thirdhand exposure to tobacco smoke because of increased respiration rate and exposure to surface residue. However, relatively fewer studies have examined biomarkers of exposure (cotinine) in children under age 4 years. This study examines the magnitude and chronicity of exposure across early childhood among children from low-income families in order to better characterize contextual risk factors associated with exposure. Read More

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December 2018
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Delivering the Diagnosis of Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: Experiences and Preferences of Parents and Individuals.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018 Dec 5:9922818817310. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Increased prenatal diagnoses of sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) amid limited knowledge of their prognoses heighten the need to understand how families contend with the implications of an SCA. To explore the experiences of parents and individuals who received a genetic diagnosis of an SCA (excluding Turner syndrome), we conducted semistructured qualitative telephone interviews with 43 participants affected by these conditions. Parents (n = 35) and individuals (n = 8) expressed almost unanimous interest in more optimistic portrayals of their condition from their providers, even when the prognosis is uncertain. Read More

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December 2018

Complementary feeding practices and nutritional status of children 6-23 months old: formative study in Aceh, Indonesia.

Nutr Res Pract 2018 Dec 26;12(6):512-520. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychology, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta 15412, Indonesia.

Background/objectives: The 6-23 months for infants is the longest period in the "first 1,000 days" of life. This period is very important for child development, so complementary feeding (CF) practices should be optimized to maximize children's potential for growth and development. The aim of this study was to analyze the CF practices and nutritional status of children aged 6-23 months. Read More

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December 2018

Development and evaluation of CARIES-QC: a caries-specific measure of quality of life for children.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 4;18(1):202. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2TA, England.

Background: Existing paediatric oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures are generic instruments designed to evaluate a range of oral conditions. It has been found that disease-specific measures may be more adept at detecting subtle changes which occur following treatment of the condition in question. Furthermore, existing self-report OHRQoL measures have not involved children at all stages of development of the measure. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal loneliness: concurrent and longitudinal associations with depressive symptoms and child adjustment.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

b Department of Child Psychiatry , Tampere University Hospital , Tampere , Finland.

Loneliness has potentially adverse effects on health and is often connected with depression, while maternal depression has been shown to have a harmful effect on many indicators of children's socioemotional outcomes. The prevalence of loneliness among first-time mothers and its associations with depressive symptoms, background factors, and child outcomes in middle childhood and adolescence were investigated in this longitudinal study. A sample of 122 mother-child dyads was collected from maternal health clinics in Tampere, Finland. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of Parental Healthy-Eating Attitudes and Nutritional Knowledge on Nutritional Adequacy and Diet Quality among Preschoolers: The SENDO Project.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 3;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

Parental nutrition knowledge and attitudes play a fundamental role in their children's food knowledge. However, little is known about their influence on their children's diet quality and micronutrient intake. Thus, we aimed to assess the association of parental nutrition knowledge and healthy-eating attitudes with their children's adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and micronutrient adequacy. Read More

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December 2018

Nasal balloon autoinflation for glue ear in primary care: a qualitative interview study.

Br J Gen Pract 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Primary Care and Population Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton.

Background: Nasal balloon autoinflation is an effective, non-surgical treatment for symptomatic children with glue ear, although uptake is variable and evidence about acceptability and feasibility is limited.

Aim: To explore parent and healthcare professional views and experiences of nasal balloon autoinflation for children with glue ear in primary care.

Design And Setting: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with a maximum-variety sample of parents, GPs, and practice nurses. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Depression and anxiety levels in mothers of children with epistaxis: A controlled study.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gaziantep 25 Aralık State Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Introduction: Pediatric epistaxis is very common. A child's illness can lead to depression and anxiety in the parents. The association between pediatric epistaxis and mothers' anxiety has not been well documented. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The pregnancy experience of Korean mothers with a prenatal fetal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 3;18(1):467. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Korea.

Background: Prenatal diagnosis of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) is becoming widely available but there is a lack of understanding on such expectant mothers' experiences during pregnancy. This was the first study to investigate the pregnancy experience of Korean mothers with a prenatal fetal diagnosis of CHD.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 mothers regarding their child's prenatal diagnosis of CHD and the adaptive processes during pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of autism spectrum disorder surveillance status based on two different diagnostic schemes: Findings from the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Surveillance Program, 2012.

PLoS One 2018 30;13(11):e0208079. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

For the first time, the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported prevalence estimates based on two different diagnostic schemes in the 2014 surveillance period. Results found substantial agreement between surveillance case status based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria and DSM-5 criteria ASD (kappa = 0.85). Read More

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November 2018

Colombian school children with functional GI disorders respond differently to family stress than healthy children.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA.

Our objective is to compare coping methods, stress responses, and resilience in children with and without functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in response to common sources of stress. We performed a case-control study. Children meeting criteria for FGIDs and matched controls completed measures of response to stress (Peer Stress, Family Stress, Academic Problems, and Recurrent Abdominal Pain versions of the Response to Stress Questionnaire) and resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 10). Read More

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November 2018

The validity and reliability of the Dietary Index for a Child's Eating (DICE) in 2-8 year old children living in New Zealand.

Matern Child Nutr 2018 Nov 30:e12758. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand.

This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the Dietary Index for a Child's Eating (DICE) in children living in New Zealand (NZ). Caregivers of healthy children aged 2-8 years completed a four-day estimated food record (4DFR) for their child, and completed the DICE online on two separate occasions, eight-weeks apart. Relative validity was assessed by comparing the DICE and 4DFR total score and component sub-scores using the Wilcoxon test, Spearman rank correlation coefficients, cross-classification, and weighted kappa (ĸ) statistic. Read More

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November 2018
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How Should Clinicians Address a Parent's False Belief Generated by Denial or Grief About How to Care Well for a Child?

AMA J Ethics 2018 Nov 1;20(11):E1017-1024. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

A philosopher and pediatrician in the Division of General Academic Pediatrics at Penn State Hershey Medical Center and the Department of Humanities at Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Parents of children with complex health needs are often both vigilant and very knowledgeable about their child's disease state. That said, sometimes parents' hyperfocus, combined with their strong emotional attachment, can result in both false beliefs regarding their child's capacities and disagreements with clinicians about what is and is not clinically indicated. We examine ethical and professional responsibilities clinicians should consider when working with parents who hold false beliefs about their child with complex health needs. Read More

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November 2018

Auditory distraction does more than disrupt rehearsal processes in children's serial recall.

Mem Cognit 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

As children mature, their ability to remember information improves. This improvement has been linked to changes in verbal control processes such as rehearsal. Rehearsal processes are thought to undergo a quantitative shift around 7 years of age; however, direct measurement of rehearsal is difficult. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Breastfeeding and Childhood Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors.

Matern Child Health J 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA.

Introduction The immediate benefits of breastfeeding are well-established but the long-term health benefits are less well-known. West Virginia (WV) has a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and lower breastfeeding rates compared to national averages. There is a paucity of research examining the relationship between breastfeeding and subsequent childhood CVD risk factors, an issue of particular relevance in WV. Read More

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November 2018

Child's buccal cell mitochondrial DNA content modifies the association between heart rate variability and recent air pollution exposure at school.

Environ Int 2018 Nov 26;123:39-49. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium; Department of Public Health & Primary Care, Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Studies investigating short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and heart rate variability (HRV) suggest that particulate matter (PM) exposure is associated with reductions in measures of HRV. Mitochondria are sensitive to PM exposure and may represent a biologically relevant underlying mechanism. However, evidence in children is lacking. Read More

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November 2018

Mothers' Mental Health Care Utilization After Screening for Postpartum Depression at Well Child Visits.

Acad Pediatr 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

PolicyLab, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa; Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Objectives: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends postpartum depression (PPD) screening. It is unknown if pediatricians are effective in linking mothers to mental health services. The objectives of the current study are to determine: 1) mental health care utilization among women with Medicaid insurance after a positive PPD screen and 2) maternal and infant factors that predict the likelihood of mental health care utilization. Read More

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November 2018

Social-emotional problems among three-year-olds differ based on the child's gender and custody arrangement.

Acta Paediatr 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate mental health with respect to social-emotional problems among three-year-olds in relation to their gender, custody arrangements and place of residence.

Methods: A cross-sectional population-based design was used, encompassing 7,179 three-year-olds in northern Sweden during the period 2014-2017 from the regional Salut Register. Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed based on parents' responses on the Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE), supplemented with items on gender, custody arrangement and place of residence. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Children's Attitudes to Parental Mediation in a Traditional Society.

Authors:
Yehuda Peled

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Western Galilee College, Akko, Israel.

Since the 1980s there have been many reports on parental mediation of children's behavior, from TV watching to Internet surfing, but most of the data come from Western societies. Israeli Arab society is a traditional patriarchy, which is in a constant change. The use of handheld devices, mainly smartphones which enable Internet access, has become a status symbol, leading to challenges with parental control issues. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Maternal self-rated health and psychological distress predict early feeding difficulties: Results from the longitudinal study of Australian children.

Authors:
Haley J Webb

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Applied Psychology & Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Background: Drawing from the extended UNICEF model of children's eating and weight problems and growing empirical evidence, exposure to adversity may place mothers at increased risk for child feeding difficulties.

Aim: The aim of the present study of a community sample of mothers was to examine whether maternal psychological distress, exposure to stressful events, and poor self-rated health in their child's first year of life were associated with breastfeeding duration, as well as concurrent and prospective feeding problems.

Materials & Methods: Participants were 5107 Australian mother-child dyads from the infant cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). Read More

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November 2018

Two sisters with a rare cause of infantile colic.

Authors:
Yasser Negm

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Paediatrics, Emirates Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Introduction: Infantile colic is a major parenthood challenge. For medical practitioners, even at the highest specialised levels, the management is never less challenging. This is a case report of two sisters who presented with typical symptoms of infantile colic. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

When Are We Sure? Predictors of Clinician Certainty in the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Autism Dev Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

Differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is challenging, and uncertainty regarding a child's diagnosis may result in under-identification or prolonged diagnostic pathways. The current study examined diagnostic certainty, or how sure clinicians were that their diagnosis was accurate, among 478 toddler and preschool-aged children referred for possible ASD to academic medical specialty clinics. Overall, 60 percent of diagnoses were made with complete certainty. Read More

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November 2018

Trust the Process: A New Scientific Outlook on Psychodramatic Spontaneity Training.

Authors:
Dani Yaniv

Front Psychol 2018 14;9:2083. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Emili Sagol Creative Arts Therapies Research Center, The Graduate School of Creative Arts Therapies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Human mind is hypothesis-driven and our observations of the world are strongly shaped by preconceptions. This "top-down" principle is biologically driven and contraindicative to spontaneity, which is non-linear, condensed, and initially incomprehensible. My first argument is that spontaneity entails "bottom up" information processing, as articulated in the hierarchical neurocognitive model of perception. Read More

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November 2018