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    6043 results match your criteria Child's Nervous System[Journal]

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    Vagal nerve stimulation for medically refractory epilepsy in Angelman syndrome: a series of three cases.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, 90 Bergen Street, Suite 8100, Newark, NJ, 07101-1709, USA.
    Background: We describe three children with Angelman syndrome and medically refractory epilepsy.

    Methods: Case series of three pediatric patients with Angelman syndrome and medically refractory epilepsy. All three patients failed medical treatment and were recommended for vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation. Read More

    Publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meeting of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Antalya Atatürk State Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
    Introduction: Publication of a study is the end point of the process to contribute to the literature and confirm the scientific value of the study. Publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of neurosurgery have been studied, previously. However, publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of pediatric neurosurgery have not been reported, yet. Read More

    3D morphological change of skull base and fronto-temporal soft-tissue in the patients with unicoronal craniosynostosis after fronto-orbital advancement.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Centre of Maxillofacial Surgery and Digital Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100041, People's Republic of China.
    Purpose: This study aims to comprehensively evaluate the deformation of the skull base and fronto-temporal soft tissue in the patients with anterior plagiocephaly over 1 year of age by three-dimensional (3D) imaging after fronto-orbital advancement (FOA).

    Methods: We quantitatively analyzed the surgical results and outcome of FOA performed in 10 patients with anterior plagiocephaly. The measurements of the skull base and fronto-temporal soft tissue were performed based on 3D computed tomography (CT) scan. Read More

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome with spinal cord involvement (PRES-SCI) as a rare complication of severe diabetic ketoacidosis: a case report and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Sanhao Street 36, Shenyang, China.
    Introduction: In addition to diffuse brain oedema, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can lead to ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, extrapontine myelinolysis, and sinovenous thrombosis. However, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and spinal cord oedema are rarely reported in patients with DKA.

    Methods: We present a case of a 17-year-old-girl who developed headache, blurred vision, and paraplegia after her DKA was controlled. Read More

    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for hydrocephalus in osteopetrosis: a case report and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
    Introduction: There are very few reports in the literature associating in hydrocephalus in osteopetrosis. As a complication of shunt procedure, there are two reports on shunt malfunction due to osseous overgrowth at the burr hole in patients with osteopetrosis. We herein report a case of osteopetrosis with hydrocephalus that was successfully treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). Read More

    The use of a smartphone-assisted ventricle catheter guide for Ommaya reservoir placement-experience of a retrospective bi-center study.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Pediatric Neurosurgery and Neurooncology Department, Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, 1 Samory Mashela str., Moscow, Russia, 117997.
    Background: For intraventricular chemotherapy (IVC) as part of many oncological treatment protocols, Ommaya reservoir is enabling repeated access to the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF). The correct placement of the catheter in the ventricle is essential for correct application of drugs, which is enabled by sophisticated techniques such as neuronavigation.

    Objective: In a bi-center retrospective study, we reviewed our experience using a smartphone-assisted ventricle catheter guide as simple solution for correct Ommaya reservoir placement. Read More

    The oscillatory flow of the cerebrospinal fluid in the Sylvian aqueduct and the prepontine cistern measured with phase contrast MRI in children with hydrocephalus-a preliminary report.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Łódź, Poland.
    Introduction: Recognizing patients with ventriculomegaly who are at risk of developing acute hydrocephalus presents a challenge for the clinician. The association between disturbed cerebrospinal fluid flow (CSF) and impaired brain compliance may play a role in the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. Phase contrast MRI is a noninvasive technique which can be used to assess CSF parameters. Read More

    Correction to: Meta-analysis of adjunctive dexamethasone to improve clinical outcome of bacterial meningitis in children.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    The Second People's Hospital of Liaocheng, 306#, Jian Kang Road, Linqing, Shandong, 252600, People's Republic of China.
    The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error. Read More

    Frontoethmoidal encephalocele: clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and complications in 400 cases.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Gedung Pusat Diagnostik Terpadu (GDC) Lantai 5, RSUD Dr. Soetomo, Jl. Mayjen, Prof Moestopo 6-8, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review a large series of frontoethmoidal encephalocele (FEE) regarding their clinical presentation, the progressiveness of the mass volume, the skin stigmata as well as its surgical approach and post-surgical complications.

    Method: Records of all FEE patients treated in Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, and Charity Foundation Program from 2008 to 2015 were reviewed. Detailed patient's demography, clinical findings, radiology results, operative procedures, and complications were documented. Read More

    An extraaxially localized intrasellar giant hydatid cyst with hypophyseal insufficiency.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Serinevler Mah, Ege Bağatur Bulvarı, 01260, Yüreğir/Adana, Turkey.
    Purpose: A hydatid cyst is a parasitic illness that is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts occur in the liver in 75% and in the lungs in 15% of cases. Central nervous system involvement is rare (perhaps as low as 1%), and the majority of such cases are observed in children. Read More

    The use of 5-aminolevulinic acid to assist gross total resection of pediatric astroblastoma.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Shizuoka Children's Hospital, 860 Urushiyama, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, 420-8660, Japan.
    Purpose: Astroblastoma is an uncommon pediatric neuroepithelial tumor. The prognosis and appropriate treatment of astroblastoma were not well understood. Previous reports suggested the best treatment for astroblastoma is surgical total resection. Read More

    The incidence of brainstem primitive neuroectodermal tumors of childhood based on SEER data.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Department of Oncology, Saint Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, MS 260, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA.
    Purpose: Incidence of BS primitive neuroectodermal tumors (BS-PNET) in children is not reported to date. Our main objectives were to estimate the incidence and report the outcome of BS-PNET in children.

    Methods: Data were collected using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results cancer registry. Read More

    Migration of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt catheter into a back incision of a patient with previous spinal fusion.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 2. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Wayne State University Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Michigan Department, Detroit, MI, USA.
    Introduction: This case examines a unique, longitudinal presentation of an abandoned, migrating VP shunt which presents as multiple complications, including a weeping abscess in the patients back. We believe that the latter complication was potentially caused by the wound from the patient's previous history of spinal fusion surgery.

    Case Presentation: The patient presents with an associated type 2 Chiari malformation, hydrocephalus, and a previous history of posterior spinal fusion (T4-L5 anterior fusion and T2-L5 posterior fusion) at age 11. Read More

    Intracranial Ewing sarcoma: four pediatric examples.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12605 E. 16th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.
    Background: Ewing sarcoma typically arises in bone and is unrelated to intraparenchymal small blue cell embryonal central nervous system (CNS) tumors previously designated primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs). When the CNS is impacted, it is usually secondary to local extension from either the epidural space, skull, or intracranial or spinal metastases. Primary examples within the cranial vault are rare, usually dural-based, and are largely case reports in the literature. Read More

    Hypertrophic olivary degeneration in children after posterior fossa surgery. An underdiagnosed condition.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery of the Department of Surgery and Anatomy, University Hospital of Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, 14049-900, Brazil.
    Background: Hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) is a rare transsynaptic form of degeneration occurring after injury to the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway ("Guillain-Mollaret triangle"). The majority of studies have described HOD resulting from posterior fossa (PF) hemorrhage or infarction. HOD in patients undergoing PF surgery has not been well characterized. Read More

    Malignant triton tumor of trigeminal nerve-case report.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Head, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Acıbadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Introduction: Here we are presenting a unique case of malignant triton tumor of the trigeminal nerve in a 4-year-old boy who presented with diplopia and ptosis.

    Intervention: Near total excision of the tumor was performed, and adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy were administered.

    Results: The patient is in good health and has no evidence of clinical and radiological tumor recurrence for 22  months. Read More

    Double dermal sinus tracts of the cervical and thoracic regions: a case in a 3-year-old child and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.
    Introduction: Dermal sinus tracts are rare congenital abnormalities characterized by an epithelium-lined tract that extends from the subcutaneous tissue to the underlying thecal sac or neural tube. These developmental anomalies can present asymptomatically with a cutaneous dimple or with devastating complications including recurrent episodes of meningitis, or neurological complications including paralysis. Dermal sinus tracts generally occur as single lesions, and the presentation of midline double dermal sinus tracts of the cervical and thoracic regions has not been previously described. Read More

    Management of idiopathic spinal epidural lipomatosis: a case report and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 22. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Department of Neurosurgery (MC 799), University of Illinois at Chicago, 912 S. Wood St. 451-N NPI, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.
    Background: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare pathologic growth of histologically normal unencapsulated adipose tissue in the epidural space. Although rare, SEL can compress the spinal cord or nerve roots causing myelopathy or radiculopathy. While SEL has been associated with long-term exposure to endogenous or exogenous steroids and obesity, idiopathic forms of SEL are much rarer. Read More

    Relationships between cerebral flow velocities and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr NW, AD254, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.
    Purpose: This study aimed to determine relationships between cerebral blood flow and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    Methods: Children with TBI, a Glasgow Coma Score of 8-12, and abnormal brain imaging were enrolled prospectively. Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) was assessed within 24 h of trauma and daily thereafter through death, discharge, or hospital day 8, whichever came first. Read More

    Fatty filum terminale (FFT) as a secondary tethering element in children with closed spinal dysraphism.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of FFT as an additional tethering element in children operated for closed spinal dysraphism, where FFT was not the primary tethering pathology.

    Methods: This is a retrospective study of 195 children (< 18 years of age) who underwent surgery for closed spinal dysraphism and did not have FFT as the primary diagnosis. All patients were operated during the period 2005-2017 by a single surgeon. Read More

    Long-term follow-up for keystone design perforator island flap for closure of myelomeningocele.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 18. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, Melbourne, Victoria, 3168, Australia.
    Purpose: We have previously reported a small series on the closure of large myelomeningocele (MMC) defects with a keystone design perforator island flap (KDPIF) in a paediatric neurosurgical centre in Australia. We are now presenting an updated longer term follow-up of an expanded series demonstrating longer term durability of this vascularized flap for large myelomeningocele defects.

    Methods: The prospective data from the Monash Neurosurgical Database were used to select all cases of MMC between December 2008 and September 2016. Read More

    Early vagal nerve stimulator implantation in children: personal experience and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 18. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, 4031, Basel, Switzerland.
    Aim: Data concerning the benefit of vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) in children under the age of 12 years is sparse. It was shown that reduction of seizure frequency and duration at an early age could lead to better psychomotor development. We therefore compare the outcome between early (≤ 5 years of age) and late (> 5 years of age) implantation of VNS in children. Read More

    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in children with a fiber optic neuroendoscopy.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60611-2605, USA.
    Objective: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) provides a shunt-free treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus children. With rapidly evolving technology, the semi-rigid fiber optic neuroendoscopy shows a potential application in ETV by blunt fenestration. A retrospective analysis of our experience is reviewed. Read More

    The characteristics of transcranial color-coded duplex sonography in children with cerebral arteriovenous malformation presenting with headache.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Neuropediatrics, Children's Hospital Zagreb, Klaiceva 16, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Purpose: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are uncommon lesions. They are most often presented in childhood as intracranial hemorrhage. The aim of this report is to present the use of transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) in detection of AVMs in children suffering headache. Read More

    Prognostic factors of acute neurological outcomes in infants with traumatic brain injury.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Division of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Acute Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1, Oyaguchikamichou, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify risk factors for poor neurological outcomes and distinctive characteristics in infants with traumatic brain injury.

    Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed data of 166 infants with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage from three tertiary institutions in Japan between 2002 and 2013. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify clinical symptoms, vital signs, physical findings, and computed tomography findings associated with poor neurological outcomes at discharge from the intensive care unit. Read More

    Medical and socioeconomic predictors of quality of life in myelomeningocele patients with shunted hydrocephalus.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Division of Neurosurgery, Hospital for Sick Children, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada.
    Introduction: Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) often develop hydrocephalus, and the combination of these conditions can lead to psychosocial, cognitive, and physical health issues that decrease their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The goal of the present study was to understand the QOL in patients with MMC and shunted hydrocephalus.

    Methods: Data from the Toronto Hydrocephalus QOL Database was acquired between 2004 and 2009 using parent-completed questionnaires and, when appropriate, child-completed questionnaires: Hydrocephalus Outcome Questionnaire (HOQ) and the Health Utilities Index. Read More

    Surgical approaches to upper thoracic Pott's disease with spinal instability during childhood: two cases.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Pediatrics, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Yüreğir, Adana, Turkey.
    Purpose: Tuberculosis is a common disease worldwide that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is primarily a pulmonary disease, but extrapulmonary manifestations are not uncommon, especially in children and adolescents.

    Methods: We present two pediatric patients who underwent surgery in our clinic for Pott's disease in the upper thoracic region. Read More

    Vascular stenosis in a child with visual pathway glioma treated with bevacizumab: a case report and review of literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Children's Brain Tumour Research Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
    Background: Bevacizumab (BVZ) is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor that has been widely accepted since its introduction into the cancer pharmacopoeia. Anecdotal reports suggested improvements in vision in children with visual pathway glioma.

    Case Presentation: We report a boy with visual pathway glioma whose vision had deteriorated significantly on vincristine and carboplatin, to the point that he was registered blind. Read More

    miR-498 promotes cell proliferation and inhibits cell apoptosis in retinoblastoma by directly targeting CCPG1.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 15. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029, China.
    Purpose: Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common intraocular tumor in children. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in gene regulation and cell growth/apoptosis/differentiation. The current study aimed to investigate the role of miR-498 in Rb. Read More

    Brentuximab-vedotin maintenance following chemotherapy without irradiation for primary intracranial embryonal carcinoma in down syndrome.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    The Division of Hematology/Oncology/Blood and Marrow Transplant, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.
    Background: Germ cell tumors (GCT) are the most common central nervous system (CNS) tumors in individuals with Down syndrome. Patients with Down syndrome treated with CNS irradiation are at increased risk of developing cerebrovascular complications such as moyamoya disease. Embryonal carcinoma components are recognized to be more resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy and confer a very poor prognosis. Read More

    Trends in incidence and long-term outcomes of myelomeningocele in British Columbia.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Purpose: Myelomeningocele is typically a disabling condition that results in neurologic, orthopedic, and urologic morbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the trends over time in both incidence and outcomes of myelomeningocele (MMC) in British Columbia (BC).

    Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all children with MMC followed in the British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) Spinal Cord Clinic between 1971 and 2016. Read More

    Secondary intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) presenting as post-traumatic headache in mild traumatic brain injury: a case series.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 11. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Applied Physiology and Wellness, Southern Methodist University, 3101 University Boulevard, Dallas, TX, USA.
    Background: Cerebral edema peaks 36-72 h after moderate traumatic brain injury but thought to be uncommon after mild traumatic brain injury. Post-traumatic headache can develop 48-72 h post-injury, perhaps reflecting the developing cerebral edema. Pseudotumor cerebri can result from various causes, including cerebral edema, and is characterized by increased intracranial pressure, headache, visual, and other common symptoms. Read More

    How much do plastic surgeons add to the closure of myelomeningoceles?
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 8. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.
    Purpose: This study reviews the outcomes of children undergoing myelomeningocele (MMC) repair in the paediatric neurosurgical department in Cardiff. These procedures are historically performed by paediatric neurosurgeons with occasional support from plastic surgeons for the larger lesions. We reviewed the postoperative outcomes over a 9-year period to assess the efficacy of having a plastic surgeon present at all MMC closures. Read More

    Multimodal treatments combined with gamma knife surgery for primary atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor of the central nervous system: a single-institute experience of 18 patients.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37, Guoxue Alley, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.
    Objectives: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare, highly malignant tumor of the central nervous system with poor prognosis. Nowadays, multimodal management, including surgery, chemotherapy (CMT), and radiation therapy (RT), is advocated. However, AT/RT treatment with gamma knife surgery (GKS) was rarely reported. Read More

    Management and outcomes of treating pediatric medulloblastoma: an eight years' experience in an Iranian pediatric center.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    MAHAK Pediatric Cancer Treatment and Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: The clinical management of pediatric medulloblastoma requires a multidisciplinary approach, which can be challenging, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to identify current challenges and describe the treatment and outcomes of Iranian pediatric patients with medulloblastoma who were referred to our center in Tehran, Iran.

    Methods: Our retrospective review included 126 patient records from April 2007 to May 2015. Read More

    The relationship between hematological parameters and prognosis of children with acute ischemic stroke.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Erciyes University, 38039, Talas, Kayseri, Turkey.
    Background: Stroke is rarely seen in children, but it is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, there is a need for inexpensive and noninvasive diagnostic methods for estimating the prognosis. Although the prognostic importance of hematological parameters in acute ischemic stroke were reported in adult studies, there is a lack in pediatric ages. Read More

    Neuroimaging findings associated with congenital Zika virus syndrome: case series at the time of first epidemic outbreak in Pernambuco State, Brazil.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), Rua Belchior de Azevedo, 156 apto. 111 Torre Vitoria, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05089-030, Brazil.
    Purpose: This study aimed to describe the prenatal and postnatal neuroimaging and clinical findings in a clinical series following congenital Zika virus syndrome during the first epidemic Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Methods: We (the authors) conducted a retrospective study of a prospectively collected case series of fetuses and neonates with microcephaly born to mothers with presumed/confirmed congenital ZIKV syndrome. Prenatal ultrasound findings were reviewed to identify potential central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities. Read More

    Congenital obstruction of foramen of Monro: report of 10 patients and literature review.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Medical Center Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Gharib, Tehran, 141557854, Iran.
    Introduction: A wide spectrum of etiologies can obstruct foramen of Monro (FOM) and result in hydrocephalus. Congenital occlusion of FOM is a rare entity which may present either in childhood or in adulthood.

    Methods: Between 2007 and 2016, we screened all pediatric patients with hydrocephalus of either one or both lateral ventricles. Read More

    Disseminated juvenile xanthogranuloma occurring after treatment of Langerhans cell histiocytosis: a case report.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Dermatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea.
    Case Presentation: An 11-year-old boy presented with a complaint of a painful temporal mass. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 3-cm-sized, homogeneously enhancing mass in the greater wing of the left sphenoid bone, which was diagnosed as Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Chemotherapy with vincristine and prednisolone was performed for 1 year. Read More

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