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    The epidemiological situation of chickenpox in the Silesian voivodeship in the years 2011-2015 in view of data of the situation in Poland
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016 ;70(4):555-562
    Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Station in Katowice
    Introduction: Despite the availability of preventive vaccination against chickenpox, this form of prevention is rarely used and is not available to the entire population of children. In order to evaluate an acquired immunity against the virus Varicella-Zoster examining of the presence of specific IgG antibodies to VZV in serum or plasma is required. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Śląskie Voivodeship in 2011-2015. Read More

    Outcome of Dermal Grafting in the Management of Atrophic Facial Scars.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016 Oct-Dec;9(4):244-248
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Bengaluru Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Scars over the face are cosmetically and psychologically disturbing. Various techniques have been described and are being practiced in the management of these scars.

    Aims And Objectives: This study was undertaken to study the safety, effectiveness of using dermal grafts as fillers in the management of facial scars due to acne, chickenpox, trauma or any others. Read More

    Social Phobia Is Associated with Delayed Onset of Chickenpox, Measles, and Mumps Infections.
    Front Psychiatry 2016 27;7:203. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Lausanne , Lausanne , Switzerland.
    Objective: Evidence showing that infectious diseases in childhood play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of neurodevelopmental and other mental disorders is growing. The aim of this study was to explore the timing of common childhood diseases in early-onset anxiety disorders.

    Materials And Methods: We analyzed data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (N = 3720). Read More

    The "Pearls" of Multidisciplinary Team: Conquering the Uncommon Rosette Rash.
    Case Rep Pediatr 2016 13;2016:5328603. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    Department of Paediatric Dermatology, Darlington Memorial Hospital, County Durham and Darlington NHS Foundation Trust, Darlington, UK.
    Linear IgA disease of childhood (LAD) also known as chronic bullous disease of childhood is an autoimmune disease with IgA deposition at the basement membrane zone leading to a vesiculobullous rash. It has a clinical appearance which frequently is described as resembling "strings of pearls" or rosette-like. Diagnosis is usually clinical but sometimes biopsy is required. Read More

    Prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Mexican Children.
    J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;41(1):18-21
    Objective: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years.

    Study Design: This study included 1156 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years, living in Mexico City. A previously standardised examiner (k = 0. Read More

    The influence of maternal exposure history to virus and medicine during pregnancy on congenital heart defects of fetus.
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2016 Dec 30. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Guangzhou Huayin Medical Laboratory Center. CO. Ltd, Guangzhou, 510663, China.
    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect. It is due to dysfunction of the heart and great vessels during embryo development stage, or the channel was not closed after birth. This study focuses on investigating the influence of virus infection and medicine history during pregnancy on the incidence rate of CHD of fetus. Read More

    Has VZV epidemiology changed in Italy? Results of a seroprevalence study.
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 2017 Feb 27;13(2):385-390. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    b University of Ferrara , Ferrara , Italy.
    The aim of the study was to evaluate if and how varicella prevalence has changed in Italy. In particular a seroprevalence study was performed, comparing it to similar surveys conducted in pre-immunization era. During 2013-2014, sera obtained from blood samples taken for diagnostic purposes or routine investigations were collected in collaboration with at least one laboratory/center for each region, following the approval of the Ethics Committee. Read More

    Incidence of serum antibody titers against varicella zoster virus in Japanese patients with herpes zoster.
    J Dermatol 2016 Dec 24. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Department of Dermatology, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Herpes zoster is an internal reactivation of varicella zoster virus following establishment of latent infection in the dorsal root ganglia during primary infection, which presents as chickenpox. Therefore, serologically, herpes zoster patients already have anti-varicella zoster virus immunoglobulin G at the onset of disease. Hence, positive serum antibody does not confirm the diagnosis of herpes zoster. Read More

    How often people google for vaccination: Qualitative and quantitative insights from a systematic search of the web-based activities using Google Trends.
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 2017 Feb 16;13(2):464-469. Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    g Department of Health Sciences , Section of History of Medicine and Ethics, University of Genoa , Genoa , Italy.
    Nowadays, more and more people surf the Internet seeking health-related information. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) can represent an important opportunities in the field of Public Health and vaccinology. The aim of our current research was to investigate a) how often people search the Internet for vaccination-related information, b) if this search is spontaneous or induced by media, and c) which kind of information is in particular searched. Read More

    Ocular involvement associated with varicella in adults.
    J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2016 Dec 28;6(1):47. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
    Background: Varicella is a common infectious disease primarily of childhood that is usually benign and self-limited. It is, however, increasingly seen in adults who are at a higher risk of severe infection. Ocular complications of varicella are relatively uncommon and have been rarely described in adults. Read More

    Predicting risk factors for varicella zoster virus infection and postherpetic neuralgia after hematopoietic cell transplantation using ordered logistic regression analysis.
    Ann Hematol 2017 Feb 28;96(2):311-315. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Hematology, Aiseikai Yamashina Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.
    To identify risk factors for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we conducted a retrospective chart review of 163 consecutive patients who underwent HCT between November 2004 and July 2014. Overall, the male/female (M/F) ratio was 80/83, median age at HCT was 54 (range 15-69) years, and autologous/allogeneic HCT (auto/allo-HCT) ratio was 71/92. Forty-four patients [M/F, 25/19; median age, 57 (range: 16-68) years; auto/allo-HCT, 26/18] developed VZV infection after HCT. Read More

    Vaccine-Preventable Diseases In Pediatric Patients: A Review Of Measles, Mumps, Rubella, And Varicella.
    Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2016 Dec 2;13(12):1-20. Epub 2016 Dec 2.
    Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, NY.
    Vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella continue to plague children and adults worldwide. Although public health programs have helped decrease the prevalence and sequelae of these diseases, outbreaks still occur. To limit the spread of these diseases, emergency clinicians must be able to readily identify the characteristic presentations of the rashes associated with measles, rubella, and varicella, as well as the common presenting features associated with mumps. Read More

    A Case of Transverse Myelitis Caused by Varicella Zoster Virus in an Immunocompetent Older Patient.
    Infect Chemother 2016 Dec 11;48(4):334-337. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Deparment of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
    Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a human neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox (varicella) in children. VZV reactivation may lead to neurological complications, including transverse myelitis. However, transverse myelitis caused by VZV reactivation is rare in immunocompetent patients. Read More

    The burden of chickenpox disease in Sweden.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Nov 10;16(1):666. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Monitoring and Evaluation, The Public Health Agency of Sweden, Solna, Sweden.
    Background: Chickenpox vaccine is not included in the routine childhood vaccination programme in Sweden. The aim of this study was to estimate the baseline of national chickenpox disease burden, as comprehensive studies, required for an assessment regarding vaccine introduction, are lacking.

    Methods: We used available health care registers and databases; the death register, hospitalisations register, communicable disease notifications database, Stockholm County registers on consultations in specialist and primary care, temporary parental benefit to care for a sick child, and searches on the health care system's website. Read More

    Effectiveness of Varicella Vaccination Program in Preventing Laboratory-Confirmed Cases in Children in Seoul, Korea.
    J Korean Med Sci 2016 Dec;31(12):1897-1901
    Seoul Center for Infectious Disease Control, Seoul, Korea.
    A universal one-dose varicella vaccination program was introduced in 2005 in Republic of Korea. However, the incidence of varicella in Korea has tripled over the last decade. We conducted a community based 1:1 matched case-control study to assess the effectiveness of one MAV strain-based vaccine and three Oka strain-based vaccines licensed for use in Korea. Read More

    The Glycoprotein B Cytoplasmic Domain Lysine Cluster Is Critical for Varicella-Zoster Virus Cell-Cell Fusion Regulation and Infection.
    J Virol 2017 Jan 16;91(1). Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    Departments of Pediatrics and Microbiology & Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
    The conserved glycoproteins gB and gH-gL are essential for herpesvirus entry and cell-cell fusion induced syncytium formation, a characteristic of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) pathology in skin and sensory ganglia. VZV syncytium formation, which has been implicated in the painful condition of postherpetic neuralgia, is regulated by the cytoplasmic domains of gB (gBcyt) via an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) and gH (gHcyt). A lysine cluster (K894, K897, K898, and K900) in the VZV gBcyt was identified by sequence alignment to be conserved among alphaherpesviruses, suggesting a functional role. Read More

    Dysregulated Glycoprotein B-Mediated Cell-Cell Fusion Disrupts Varicella-Zoster Virus and Host Gene Transcription during Infection.
    J Virol 2017 Jan 16;91(1). Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
    The highly conserved herpesvirus glycoprotein complex gB/gH-gL mediates membrane fusion during virion entry and cell-cell fusion. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) characteristically forms multinucleated cells, or syncytia, during the infection of human tissues, but little is known about this process. The cytoplasmic domain of VZV gB (gBcyt) has been implicated in cell-cell fusion regulation because a gB[Y881F] substitution causes hyperfusion. Read More

    Chickenpox in Poland in 2014
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(2):189-193
    National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene in Warsaw, Department of Epidemiology
    Background: A large number of chickenpox cases, occurring especially in children between 0-14 years old and among those who are not vaccinated, indicates the rationale for the use of chickenpox vaccinations. In Poland since 2002, chickenpox vaccination is included in the National Immunisation Programme as recommended. AIM. Read More

    α Herpes Virus Infections Among Renal Transplant Recipients.
    Semin Nephrol 2016 Sep;36(5):344-350
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; The William J. Von Liebig Center for Transplantation and Clinical Regeneration, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:
    The α herpes viruses HSV-1, HSV-2, and VZV often reactivate in the setting of immune suppression after solid organ transplantation. Oral or genital mucocutaneous disease is the most common clinical manifestation of HSV disease while VZV manifests as varicella (or chickenpox) or reactivation herpes zoster, characterized by a diffuse rash, or a painful unilateral vesicular eruption in a dermatomal distribution, respectively. The diagnosis of HSV and VZV is primarily based on history and clinical presentation, although diagnostic tests may be necessary for atypical presentations of disease. Read More

    [Vaccination status in psoriasis patients on immunosuppressant therapy (including biologics)].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Feb 19;144(2):92-99. Epub 2016 Oct 19.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpitaux de Brabois, CHU de Nancy, 6, rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.
    Objectives: To evaluate the vaccine coverage of psoriasis patients prior to initiating or changing immunosuppressant therapy, and to verify that the prescribed vaccines have been administered.

    Patients And Methods: We conducted a bi-centre, observational, cross-sectional study over 9 months. Psoriasis patients in whom immunosuppressant therapy (comprising cyclosporine, methotrexate, etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab or ustekinumab) was indicated were included. Read More

    Cerebral Sinus Venous Thrombosis as a Rare Complication of Primary Varicella Zoster Virus Infection.
    J Assoc Physicians India 2016 Jul;64(7):74-76
    Professor and Head of Medicine, Department of General Medicine, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
    We present the case of a 23 year old with acute onset left hemiparesis and meningeal irritation, associated with recent history of chickenpox 15 days prior. Varicella-IgG and IgM was positive in the CSF and blood along with reduced serum/CSF ratios of VZV immunoglobulins. MRV showed thrombosis (CVT) of superior sagittal, transverse, right sigmoid sinuses with haemorrhagic infarct in right frontoparietal region. Read More

    Varicella Vaccination of Children With Leukemia Without Interruption of Maintenance Therapy: A Danish Experience.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 Nov;35(11):e348-e352
    From the *Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; †Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, England; ‡Section of Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; and §Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) can be fatal or cause severe complications in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This analysis set out to investigate the morbidity and mortality of VZV vaccination without interruption of maintenance therapy in children with ALL.

    Methods: Files of 73 seronegative children with ALL were examined for data regarding VZV vaccination and infection, and long-term seroconversion was measured. Read More

    Vaccination Coverage Among Children in Kindergarten - United States, 2015-16 School Year.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016 Oct 7;65(39):1057-1064. Epub 2016 Oct 7.
    State-mandated vaccination requirements for school entry protect children and communities against vaccine-preventable diseases (1). Each school year, federally funded immunization programs (e.g. Read More

    Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - United States, 2015.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016 Oct 7;65(39):1065-1071. Epub 2016 Oct 7.
    Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC.
    Sustained high coverage with recommended vaccinations among children has kept many vaccine-preventable diseases at low levels in the United States (1). To assess coverage with vaccinations recommended for children by age 2 years in the United States (2), CDC analyzed data collected by the 2015 National Immunization Survey (NIS) for children aged 19-35 months (born January 2012-May 2014). Overall, coverage did not change during 2014-2015. Read More

    Postherpetic neuralgia: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and pain management pharmacology.
    J Multidiscip Healthc 2016 21;9:447-454. Epub 2016 Sep 21.
    Billings Clinic, Billings, MT, USA.
    Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is a distinctive clinical condition caused by the reactivation of latent varicella zoster (chickenpox) virus following an initial infection. Approximately 1 million cases of herpes zoster occur annually in the US, and one in every three people develops herpes zoster during their lifetime. Postherpetic neuralgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome characterized by pain that persists for months to years after resolution of the herpes zoster rash. Read More

    Seroprotection against Vaccine-Preventable Diseases amongst Health Care Workers in a Community Hospital, Qatar.
    Int J Occup Environ Med 2016 Oct;7(4):234-40
    The Cuban Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Dukham 27555, Qatar.
    Background: Health care workers (HCW) are at high risk of contracting various infectious diseases and play a dual role in the transmission of infections in health care facilities.

    Objective: To determine the seroprotection against hepatitis B, measles, rubella, and varicella among HCWs in a community hospital in Qatar.

    Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted in a 75-bed community hospital in Dukhan, Qatar. Read More

    Attitudinal variables and a possible mediating mechanism for vaccination practice in health care workers of a local hospital in L'Aquila (Italy).
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 2017 Jan 13;13(1):198-205. Epub 2016 Sep 13.
    a Department of Life, Health & Environmental Sciences - University of L'Aquila , L'Aquila , Italy.
    Active immunization is an important concern for health care workers (HCWs) susceptible subjects and potential sources of infection for patients. However, the vaccine coverage for vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) is below recommended standards. The aims of the study were to estimate the hospitals' HCWs' susceptibility and vaccination coverage rates for VPDs and to analyze the role of HCWs' attitudes and knowledge as determinants of the immunization practices. Read More

    Intracerebral hemorrhage caused by varicella-induced thrombocytopenia.
    Biomedica 2016 Feb 16;36(0):10-3. Epub 2016 Feb 16.
    Departamento de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, Cúcuta, Colombia.
    We present the case of a previously healthy 44-years-old man with chickenpox, severe thrombocytopenia, mucosal hemorrhage, and intracerebral hemorrhage in the right hemisphere. The patient was treated with platelets and high doses of steroids. He recovered although with persistent left homonymous hemianopsia and epilepsy, which were controlled with medication. Read More

    Notes from the Field: Varicella Outbreak Associated with Riding on a School Bus - Muskegon County, Michigan, 2015.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016 Sep 9;65(35):941-2. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    On December 3, 2015, Public Health-Muskegon County (PHMC) in Michigan was notified by a local kindergarten-grade 2 school that a student aged 8 years (the index patient) had been sent home because of a rash suspected to be varicella (chickenpox); the rash had not been observed the previous day. Investigation by PHMC revealed that the student was one of five siblings in household A, none of whom had a history of having received any immunizations. During the preceding month the index patient's two older siblings (aged 12 years and 25 years) and two younger siblings (twins, aged 4 years) had been excluded from other schools in this rural district because of rashes that also were suspected to be varicella. Read More

    Epidemiology of Varicella During the 2-Dose Varicella Vaccination Program - United States, 2005-2014.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016 Sep 2;65(34):902-5. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC.
    Before availability of varicella vaccine in the United States, an estimated 4 million varicella cases, 11,000-13,500 varicella-related hospitalizations, and 100-150 varicella-related deaths occurred annually. The varicella vaccination program was implemented in the United States in 1996 as a 1-dose routine childhood program. Based on data from two varicella active surveillance sites, the varicella vaccination program led to 90% decline in incidence over the next decade (1). Read More

    Sudden, unexpected death of a 15-year-old boy due to pancarditis: A case report and possible etiopathogenesis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Aug;95(35):e4586
    aDepartment of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Section of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences "Antonio Fornari," University of Pavia, Pavia bDepartment of Legal and Forensic Medicine, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy cMedico Legal Service of Canton Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland.
    Background: Generally, rheumatic heart disease is, today, sporadic in developed countries, even though it continues to be a major health hazard in the developing ones. It is also a very rare cause of sudden unexpected death. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy who suddenly died at home. Read More

    Prevalence and characteristics of pediatric healthcare workers without immunity to varicella zoster virus.
    Jpn J Infect Dis 2016 Aug 31. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University.
    This study aimed to determine the proportion of varicella non-immune pediatric healthcare workers (HCWs) of Pediatrics Department, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital and to determine cost effective strategies to identify non-immune personnel. A cross-sectional study, using a self-administered questionnaire to determine history of chickenpox or 2-dose varicella vaccination was conducted. From a total of 699 HCWs, 653 HCWs (93%) including 145 physicians (22%), 297 nurses (46%) and 211 administrative staff (32%) responded to questionnaires. Read More

    Viral Genome Sequencing Proves Nosocomial Transmission of Fatal Varicella.
    J Infect Dis 2016 Nov 28;214(9):1399-1402. Epub 2016 Aug 28.
    Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London.
    We report the first use of whole viral genome sequencing to identify nosocomial transmission of varicella-zoster virus with fatal outcome. The index case patient, nursed in source isolation, developed disseminated zoster with rash present for 1 day before being transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). Two patients who had received renal transplants while inpatients in an adjacent ward developed chickenpox and 1 died; neither patient had direct contact with the index patient. Read More

    Microbiology laboratory and the management of mother-child varicella-zoster virus infection.
    World J Virol 2016 Aug;5(3):97-124
    Massimo De Paschale, Pierangelo Clerici, Microbiology Unit, ASST-Ovest Milanese, Hospital of Legnano, 20025 Legnano, Italy.
    Varicella-zoster virus, which is responsible for varicella (chickenpox) and herpes zoster (shingles), is ubiquitous and causes an acute infection among children, especially those aged less than six years. As 90% of adults have had varicella in childhood, it is unusual to encounter an infected pregnant woman but, if the disease does appear, it can lead to complications for both the mother and fetus or newborn. The major maternal complications include pneumonia, which can lead to death if not treated. Read More

    National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years - United States, 2015.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016 Aug 26;65(33):850-8. Epub 2016 Aug 26.
    The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents aged 11-12 years routinely receive vaccines to prevent diseases, including human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers, pertussis, and meningococcal disease (1). To assess vaccination coverage among adolescents in the United States, CDC analyzed data collected regarding 21,875 adolescents through the 2015 National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen).* During 2014-2015, coverage among adolescents aged 13-17 years increased for each HPV vaccine dose among males, including ≥1 HPV vaccine dose (from 41. Read More

    Skin-Sparing Débridement for Necrotizing Fasciitis in Children.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Sep;138(3):489e-97e
    Geneva, Switzerland From the Divisions of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, University Center of Pediatric Surgery of Western Switzerland, University of Geneva Children's Hospital.
    Background: Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious soft-tissue infection associated with sepsis and tissue destruction. Surgical management usually requires extensive débridement of necrotic fascia and overlying skin, with significant aesthetic and functional consequences. The authors review the outcome of all recent cases of necrotizing fasciitis treated with skin-sparing débridement at their institution. Read More

    A retrospective chart review study to describe selected zoonotic and arboviral etiologies in hospitalized febrile patients in the Republic of Armenia.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Aug 24;16(1):445. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
    US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, MD, USA.
    Background: Scant information is available on the infectious causes of febrile illnesses in Armenia. The goal of this study was to describe the most common causes, with a focus on zoonotic and arboviral infections and related epidemiological and clinical patterns for hospitalized patients with febrile illnesses of infectious origin admitted to Nork Infectious Diseases Clinical Hospital, the referral center for infectious diseases in the capital city, Yerevan.

    Method: A chart review study was conducted in 2014. Read More

    Efficacy of varicella (VZV) vaccination: an update for the clinician.
    Ther Adv Vaccines 2016 Jan 1;4(1-2):20-31. Epub 2016 Jan 1.
    225 Warren Street,NJ 07103 Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, 07103-2714, USA.
    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection causes two distinct clinical conditions. Primary varicella infection results in chickenpox, a contagious rash illness typically seen among children. VZV can reactivate years after the initial infection to cause herpes zoster (HZ) and lead to post-herpetic neuralgia, a common complication resulting in persistent pain that may last for years after the zoster rash resolves. Read More

    Varicella-zoster immunoglobulin treatment in pregnant women in Denmark from 2005 to 2015: descriptive epidemiology and follow-up.
    Epidemiol Infect 2016 Aug 18:1-9. Epub 2016 Aug 18.
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology,Statens Serum Institut,Copenhagen,Denmark.
    Primary infection with varicella-zoster virus in pregnancy poses a risk of severe infection and embryopathies. Upon exposure, seronegative women are candidates for varicella-zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG). The aim of this paper was to describe risk factors for VZIG treatment including sources of varicella exposure and to study how many women developed clinical infection and received postpartum vaccination. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2016 Aug 16. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Cullen Eye Institute, Houston, Texas; and †Macula Vitreous Retina Physicians & Surgeons, Houston, Texas.
    Purpose: To describe an adult with chickenpox resulting in systemic vasculitis and bilateral retinal vascular occlusions.

    Methods: Single case report.

    Results: A 58-year-old man with chickenpox complicated by disseminated varicella-zoster systemic and retinal vasculitis resulting in a combined arterial and venous occlusion in one eye with multiple branch retinal vein occlusions in the other eye. Read More

    [Results of Booster Vaccination in Children with Primary Vaccine Failure after Initial Varicella Vaccination].
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 2016 May;90(3):291-6
    In October 2014, the varicella vaccination policy in Japan was changed from a single voluntary inoculation to two routine inoculations. This paper reports the results of booster vaccination in children who did not show seroconversion after initial vaccination (i.e. Read More

    Human herpes viruses in burn patients: A systematic review.
    Burns 2017 Feb 8;43(1):25-33. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX, USA.
    Objective: The contribution of human herpes viruses, including herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV) to morbidity and mortality after burns remains controversial. This systematic review was undertaken to assess evidence of herpes virus-related morbidity and mortality in burns.

    Materials And Methods: PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science were searched to identify studies of HSV, CMV, or VZV infections in burn patients. Read More

    The association between varicella (chickenpox) and group A streptococcus infections in historical perspective.
    SAGE Open Med 2016 18;4:2050312116658909. Epub 2016 Jul 18.
    Metropolitan State University (Retired), Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Objectives: The aim of the research is to investigate the historical relationship between varicella and Streptococcus pyogenes infections. In the past few decades, varicella has been identified as a risk factor for invasive group A streptococcus infections. The question is whether this relationship also existed between varicella and scarlet fever in the historical era. Read More

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