8,532 results match your criteria Chickenpox


Epidemiological and clinical characteristics and the approach to infant chickenpox in primary care.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Primary health care Miralbueno, Servicio Aragonés de Salud, Zaragoza, Spain.

Chickenpox is not common in the first year of life (infant varicella) and there is a lack of data on its presentation, especially in primary care. A year-long observational study (July 2015-2016) carried out by a research network of primary care pediatricians throughout Spain.Two hundred and sixty-four pediatricians gathered data from 358 cases of clinically diagnosed chickenpox in infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03332-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of the whole genome sequence of an Oka varicella vaccine from China with other Oka vaccine strains reveals sites putatively critical for vaccine efficacy.

J Virol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

NHC Key Laboratory of Medical Virology and Viral Diseases (National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention), WHO WPRO Regional Reference Measles/Rubella Laboratory, Beijing 102206, People's Republic of China.

Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) infection results in varicella mostly in children. Reactivation of the virus causes Herpes Zoster (HZ) mostly in adults. A live attenuated vaccine (vOka-Biken hereafter) was originally derived from the parental strain pOka. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02281-18DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reliability and accuracy of smartphones for paediatric infectious disease consultations for children with rash in the paediatric emergency department.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Jan 31;19(1):40. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Pediatric Emergency Department, Dr. Behçet Uz Children's Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: Smartphones and associated messaging applications have become the most common means of communication among health care workers and the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and accuracy of smartphones for the diagnosis of rash in children admitted to emergency departments during the night shift.

Methods: The images of the children who were admitted to the paediatric emergency department with rash were included in this study, and at least two images taken with smartphones by residents or paediatric infectious disease fellows were re-directed to the chief consultant of the Paediatric-Infectious Department via smartphone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1416-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354364PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Recognition of aerosol transmission of infectious agents: a commentary.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 31;19(1):101. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Although short-range large-droplet transmission is possible for most respiratory infectious agents, deciding on whether the same agent is also airborne has a potentially huge impact on the types (and costs) of infection control interventions that are required.The concept and definition of aerosols is also discussed, as is the concept of large droplet transmission, and airborne transmission which is meant by most authors to be synonymous with aerosol transmission, although some use the term to mean either large droplet or aerosol transmission.However, these terms are often used confusingly when discussing specific infection control interventions for individual pathogens that are accepted to be mostly transmitted by the airborne (aerosol) route (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3707-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357359PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Seroprevalence of varicella-zoster virus among pregnant women in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt.

J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2019 7;94(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

3Obstetric and Gynecological Department, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Faiyum, Egypt.

Background: Chickenpox infection acquired during pregnancy is a serious condition. There may be congenital malformations and neonatal varicella syndrome with significant morbidity and mortality. Egypt has no routine varicella-zoster vaccination program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42506-018-0002-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325979PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Wild banana [Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman.]: Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological overview.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 25;233:218-233. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

National Innovation Foundation-India (Autonomous Body of Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India), Grambharti, Amarapur, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382650, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman. (Family: Musaceae), commonly known as "Wild Banana" is well recorded as popular ethnomedicine for medicinal and nutritional uses by different people and communities native to India, Ethiopia, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03788741183297
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.048DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Chickenpox in a Vaccinated Adult.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, 4150 V Street, Suite 3100, Sacramento, CA, 95817, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-018-4816-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Varicella Virus-Host Interactions During Latency and Reactivation: Lessons From Simian Varicella Virus.

Front Microbiol 2018 21;9:3170. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States.

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a neurotropic alphaherpesvirus and the causative agent of varicella (chickenpox) in humans. Following primary infection, VZV establishes latency in the sensory ganglia and can reactivate to cause herpes zoster, more commonly known as shingles, which causes significant morbidity, and on rare occasions mortality, in the elderly. Because VZV infection is highly restricted to humans, the development of a reliable animal model has been challenging, and our understanding of VZV pathogenesis remains incomplete. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03170
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308120PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis (LETM) Following Varicella Infection in a 13-Year Immunocompetent Child.

Iran J Child Neurol 2019 ;13(1):121-126

Department of Pediatrics, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Varicella infection in children is a common self-limited illness with neurological complications in less than 0.1% of cases. Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is uncommon in children following infection with varicella-zoster virus. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296696PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Systematic review and meta-analysis of chickenpox vaccination and risk of herpes zoster: a quantitative view on the "exogenous boosting hypothesis".

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Immunization Unit, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The "exogenous boosting hypothesis" postulates that re-exposure to circulating varicella zoster virus (VZV) over the life span inhibits reactivation of VZV. Consequently, if circulation of VZV is suppressed by introduction of chickenpox vaccination, incidences of herpes zoster may rise. Our aim was to investigate quantitative effects of chickenpox vaccination on herpes zoster incidence at the population level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy1099DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) following chickenpox in a patient of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome using immunosuppressants.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreo Retinal Diseases, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

A 36-year-old woman presented with diminution of vision and floaters in both the eyes. Both eyes had disc oedema, multiple pockets of neurosensory detachments along with vitritis. Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography showed characteristic features of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome (figure 1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227290DOI Listing
November 2018

Varicella vaccine effectiveness over 10 years in Australia; moderate protection from 1-dose program.

J Infect 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (NCIRS), Children's Hospital at Westmead, Cnr Hawkesbury Road and Hainsworth Street, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia; Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia.

Objectives: To examine the impact of Australia's single dose infant varicella vaccination program, we assessed single dose varicella vaccine effectiveness (VE) in preventing hospitalised disease using two methods.

Methods: Clinically confirmed varicella cases from the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) sentinel network were age-matched to 20 controls obtained from the Australian Immunisation Register. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate VE and compared with estimates obtained using our second approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A Clinico-epidemiological Study of Childhood Herpes Zoster.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):383-388

Department of Dermatology, Military Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Herpes zoster (HZ) is a viral infection believed to be caused by the re activation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) or human herpes virus type 3 (HHV 3) that persists in the posterior nerve root ganglion. HZ is rarely reported in the pediatric age group with an intact immunity. Past infection with VZV and immunization with chickenpox vaccine are key markers in the onset of varicella zoster in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_107_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232977PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

[Economic evaluation of different chickenpox vaccination strategies].

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Feb;47(4):374-380

Department of Immunization Program, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Hangzhou 310051, China.

Objective: To evaluate the cost/benefit of different vaccination strategies related to chickenpox vaccine.

Methods: The direct economic cost and indirect economic cost caused by chickenpox were obtained through questionnaire survey. The epidemic characteristics of chickenpox in Zhejiang province were studied by literature review. Read More

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February 2018
5 Reads

Artificial Intelligence Based Skin Classification Using GMM.

J Med Syst 2018 Nov 20;43(1). Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Amrita School of Engineering, Bengaluru, India.

This study describes the usage of neural community based on the texture evaluation of pores and skin a variety of similarities in their signs, inclusive of Measles (rubella), German measles (rubella), and Chickenpox etc. In fashionable, these illnesses have similarities in sample of infection and symptoms along with redness and rash. Various skin problems have similar symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10916-018-1112-5DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Successful rescue of acute liver failure and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis following varicella infection: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Nov;6(13):659-665

Department of Emergency, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.

Herein we report a case of acute liver failure (ALF) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) induced by varicella infection, successfully rescued by a combination therapy of acyclovir, supportive care, and immunosuppression with dexamethasone and etoposide. A previously healthy 16-year-old boy presented with generalized rash, fever, severe abdominal pain, and abnormal liver function within 4 d. Chickenpox was suspected, and acyclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin were started on admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i13.659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232574PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Analysis of sero-epidemiological characteristics of varicella in healthy children in Jiangsu Province, China.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Nov 14;18(1):563. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: In recent years, outbreaks of varicella have continued to occur, and the coverage rate of varicella vaccine in Jiangsu Province, China, remains unclear. This study aims to analyse the levels of immune antibody against varicella and obtain a comprehensive understanding of the varicella attenuated live vaccine (VarV) coverage rate in children aged 1-9 years in Jiangsu Province.

Methods: From June to October 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect 3631 serum samples from healthy children aged 1-9 years in Jiangsu Province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3496-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234534PMC
November 2018
2 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor

Incidence of varicella in children in Jeju-do, Korea, 2005-2016: age-period-cohort analysis.

Epidemiol Health 2018 8;40:e2018054. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

Objectives: Although the nationwide inoculation rate of varicella vaccine was approximately 95% in Korean children recently, the number of notified varicella cases is unexpectedly continuously increasing till now. To suggest some hypotheses regarding this discrepancy, an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis as a descriptive epidemiology study was conducted for children residing in Jeju-do, Korea.

Methods: The raw data were obtained from the nationwide database for insurance claim of healthcare fee provided by the National Health Insurance Service, Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302224PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Global impact of varicella vaccination programs.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

a Centro Infant, Department of Pediatrics , School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) , Porto Alegre , Rio Grande do Sul state , Brazil.

Although varicella is usually a mild and self-limited disease, complications can occur. In 1998, the World Health Organization recommended varicella vaccination for countries where the disease has a significant public health burden. Nonetheless, concerns about a shift in the disease to older groups, an increase in herpes zoster in the elderly and cost-effectiveness led many countries to postpone universal varicella vaccine introduction. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21645515.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2018.1546525DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Clinical Features of Varicella-Zoster Virus Infection.

Viruses 2018 11 2;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a pathogenic human herpes virus that causes varicella (chickenpox) as a primary infection, following which it becomes latent in peripheral ganglia. Decades later, the virus may reactivate either spontaneously or after a number of triggering factors to cause herpes zoster (shingles). Varicella and its complications are more severe in the immunosuppressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v10110609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266119PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Chickenpox in Poland in 2016

Przegl Epidemiol 2018 ;72(3):287-292

National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene in Warsaw, Department of Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases and Surveillance

Background: Chickenpox is a common disease in Poland. Annually, between 160,000 and 220,000 cases are registered. On average, there is an increase in incidence every 4 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32394/pe.72.3.5DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Methaemoglobinaemia: A Blue Light Emergency.

Ir Med J 2018 03 14;111(3):718. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Paediatric Infectious Disease Department, Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin 1.

An increase in invasive group A streptococcus (GAS) cases referred to the paediatric infectious disease (PID) department of the Children's University Hospital (CUH), Temple Street, prompted review of all invasive GAS cases in 2016. All of the 10 cases identified occurred over a 16-week period from February to June, of which 6 (60%) required admission to the paediatric intensive care unit. The median length of stay was 21. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Understanding the role of exogenous boosting in modeling varicella vaccination.

Expert Rev Vaccines 2018 Nov 5;17(11):1021-1035. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

b Center for Outcomes Research and Real World Evidence , Merck & Co., Inc , Kenilworth , NJ , USA.

Introduction: The exogenous boosting (EB) hypothesis posits that cell-mediated immunity is boosted for individuals reexposed to varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Historically, mathematical models of the impact of universal childhood varicella vaccination (UVV) have used limited data to capture EB and often conclude that UVV will temporarily increase herpes zoster (HZ) incidence. Areas covered: We updated a 2013 systematic literature review of 40 studies to summarize new evidence from observational or modeling studies related to EB and its parameterization. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14760584.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14760584.2018.1538801DOI Listing
November 2018
23 Reads

Help-seeking behaviour outside office hours in Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland: a questionnaire study exploring responses to hypothetical cases.

BMJ Open 2018 Oct 18;8(10):e019295. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Research Unit for General Practice, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: We aim to study the preferred behaviour among individuals from different age groups in three countries when acute health problems occur outside office hours and thereby to explore variations in help-seeking behaviour.

Design: A questionnaire study exploring responses to six hypothetical cases describing situations with a potential need for seeking medical care and questions on background characteristics.

Setting: General population in Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196844PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Is acyclovir effective for the treatment of varicella in children and adolescents?

Medwave 2018 Oct 4;18(6):e7269. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Medicina Familiar, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Email: Address: Centro Evidencia UC, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Diagonal Paraguay 476, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Varicella (chickenpox) is a frequent and highly contagious infectious disease, caused by the Varicella zoster virus. Traditionally, it has been recommended to focus on the management of symptoms, since there is controversy about the role of antivirals, particularly in children and adolescents.

Methods: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2018.06.7268DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Herpes zoster in the context of varicella vaccination - An equation with several variables.

Vaccine 2018 11 8;36(46):7072-7082. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Santa Casa de Sao Paulo School of Medical Sciences, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Varicella and herpes zoster (HZ), diseases both caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV), are vaccine-preventable. However, the hypothesis that childhood varicella vaccination may increase the incidence of HZ hinders varicella universal routine vaccination (URV) implementation in many countries.

Methods: This non-systematic and narrative review of the literature considers the burden of varicella and HZ, and the effectiveness of the respective vaccines. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264410X183126
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.09.013DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Vaccination Coverage for Selected Vaccines and Exemption Rates Among Children in Kindergarten - United States, 2017-18 School Year.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Oct 12;67(40):1115-1122. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

State and local school vaccination requirements exist to ensure that students are protected from vaccine-preventable diseases (1). This report summarizes vaccination coverage and exemption estimates collected by state and local immunization programs* for children in kindergarten (kindergartners) in 49 states and the District of Columbia (DC) and kindergartners provisionally enrolled (attending school without complete vaccination or exemption while completing a catch-up vaccination schedule) or in a grace period (a set interval during which a student may be enrolled and attend school without proof of complete vaccination or exemption) for 28 states. Median vaccination coverage was 95. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6740a3.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6740a3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181259PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Investigation of an increase in large local reactions following vaccine schedule change to include DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib (Infanrix-hexa®) and MMRV (ProQuad®) at 18 months of age.

Vaccine 2018 10 27;36(45):6688-6694. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Quebec, Canada; Université Laval, Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Quebec, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Center, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Context: In 2015 in Quebec, Canada, the passive vaccine adverse event reporting system detected an increase in large local reactions associated with vaccines recommended at the 18-month visit. This followed changes to the pediatric vaccine schedule to include hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertusis-inactivated polio-Haemophilus influenzae type b-hepatitis B vaccine (DTaP-IPV-Hib-HB, Infanrix-hexa®, GSK) and quadrivalent measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV, ProQuad®, Merck) as 18-month booster doses.

Objectives: To determine if the excess of large local reactions was caused by a specific vaccine or their co-administration in the same limb or during the same visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.09.049DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Atypical, severe presentation of chickenpox.

World J Pediatr 2018 Dec 28;14(6):615-616. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University-Ternopil University Hospital, vul. Klinichna, 1, Ternopil, 46002, Ukraine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-018-0196-9DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Hemorrhagic Stroke and Cerebral Venous Thrombosis: Rare Neurological Sequelae of Chickenpox Infection.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Jul-Sep;21(3):228-232

Department of Medicine, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Chickenpox (varicella) is primarily a disease of childhood which occurs due to infection with varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Primary VZV infection is rare in adults due to exposure in early childhood in our country. In adults, it is associated with some serious systemic and neurological complications which can follow both primary infection and reactivation of VZV. Read More

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http://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2018/21/3/228/240428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_421_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137630PMC
September 2018
17 Reads

How to manage chickenpox during pregnancy: case reports.

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2018 Dec;76(6):669-674

Consultation obstétrique, Hospices civils de Lyon, Groupement hospitalier Est, Lyon, France.

Chickenpox is a human infection that occurs mainly during childhood. Infection during pregnancy is therefore rare but may cause a congenital infection with malformation in less than 1% of cases. A specific management should be proposed at diagnosis in order to reduce materno-fetal transmission and morbimortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/abc.2018.1385DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Varicella causing remission of Cushing's disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 23;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

An 18-year-old male with Cushing's disease presented with generalised skin eruptions and backache. He was diagnosed with varicella infection. During the course of the illness, he developed persistent vomiting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225867DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Talk to Patients About: Varicella.

Authors:
Sean Price

Tex Med 2018 Sep 1;114(9):46. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

The varicella-zoster virus does double-duty: It can cause chickenpox when you're young and reactivate later in life as a painful, blistery rash called shingles. Well, there's a vaccine for each disease. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Neonatal varicella: Probable transmission from a vaccinated mother.

Pediatr Int 2018 Sep 5;60(9):900-901. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ped.13655
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13655DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Deadly outbreak of chickenpox at district Faisalabad, Pakistan: possible causes, and preventive way forward.

Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 5;45(6):2941-2943. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Bioinformatics & Biotechnology, GC University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

This article details our recommendations for the deadly outbreak of chickenpox to consider the additional referral of the absence of a monitoring system of prevention and control along with poor vaccination system for children in low-resource settings. The recent spread of chickenpox outbreak in Pakistan has claimed dozens of lives. The deaths in this current outbreak in quick successions are beyond understanding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-018-4347-9DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads
2.024 Impact Factor

Descriptive epidemiology of varicella based on national surveillance data before and after the introduction of routine varicella vaccination with two doses in Japan, 2000-2017.

Vaccine 2018 09 27;36(40):5977-5982. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Infectious Disease Surveillance Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1-23-1 Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan. Electronic address:

Routine childhood immunization using two doses of the varicella vaccine was introduced in Japan in October 2014. In this study, we analyzed the data extracted from national varicella surveillance, including pediatric sentinel surveillance from 2000 to 2017 and hospitalized varicella surveillance from the 38th week of 2014 to the 37th week of 2017. Compared with the 2000-2011 baseline data, the number of varicella cases per sentinel decreased substantially by 76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.048DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Economic burden of varicella complications in two referral centers in Mexico.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 Aug 29:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

b Departamento de Infectología , Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez , México City , México.

Varicella-zoster virus causes varicella (chicken-pox), mainly in young children. Most cases are mild but serious complications can occur, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the cost burden of varicella hospitalizations in two pediatric reference hospitals in Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2018.1504541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343601PMC
August 2018
22 Reads

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Cutaneous Scarring after Herpes Zoster.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2018 Dec;19(6):893-897

Department of Dermatology, CHU of Sart Tilman, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium.

Background: About 20% of children have cutaneous scars following chickenpox. In contrast, skin scars are not often reported after herpes zoster (HZ). Risk factors for post-HZ scarring remain undetermined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40257-018-0385-2DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (Shingrix) to Prevent Herpes Zoster.

Nurs Womens Health 2018 Oct 24;22(5):417-422. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Women ages 50 years and older are at risk for herpes zoster, a reactivated virus from varicella zoster virus (chickenpox) that causes a painful vesicular rash and can result in postherpetic neuralgia. It is estimated that one in three adults will be affected by herpes zoster in their lifetime. Research evidence points to the need to prevent herpes zoster through vaccination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nwh.2018.07.004DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years - United States, 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Aug 24;67(33):909-917. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends routine vaccination of persons aged 11-12 years with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY), and tetanus and reduced diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap). A booster dose of MenACWY is recommended at age 16 years (1), and catch-up vaccination is recommended for hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR), and varicella vaccine (VAR) for adolescents whose childhood vaccinations are not up to date (UTD) (1). ACIP also recommends that clinicians may administer a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine (MenB) series to adolescents and young adults aged 16-23 years, with a preferred age of 16-18 years (2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6733a1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107323PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Impact of history of febrile convulsions on the risk difference of febrile convulsions with the tetravalent measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine: Post-hoc exploratory analysis of results from a matched-cohort study.

Vaccine 2018 09 18;36(39):5803-5806. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

GSK, rue Fleming 20, B-1300 Wavre, Belgium. Electronic address:

This post-hoc analysis of data from a matched cohort study investigated the risk of febrile convulsions (FC) 5-12 days post-first dose of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV) in a low-risk population, compared to measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella (V) vaccines administered separately. The low-risk population excluded children with personal history of FC (Scenario 1) and children with personal or/and family history (≥1 parent/sibling) of FC (Scenario 2). Incidence of FC post-MMRV in Scenario 2 (excluding at risk children) (36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.018DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis during varicella outbreaks among primary and middle school students in Shanghai: An analysis of three-year surveillance data.

Vaccine 2018 09 12;36(38):5754-5759. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, 100 Foster Road, 205D Wright Hall, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis conducted during varicella outbreaks among students in Shanghai.

Methods: Surveillance data were collected from September 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 involving 3524 susceptible students in 109 primary and middle school classes where emergency vaccinations (EVs) had been administered. Students were divided into two groups according to their prior vaccination (PV) varicella vaccine status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.004DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

School entry vaccination requirement program: Experience from the Republic of Korea.

Vaccine 2018 09 11;36(37):5497-5499. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea; JW Lee Center for Global Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.07.013DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

[Research on the relationship between the daily mean temperature and the daily cases of varicella during 2008-2016 in Lanzhou, China].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;52(8):842-848

Institute of Human Anatomy and Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medicine, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

To explore the effects of temperature on the daily cases of varicella. The data of daily cases of varicella was collected during 2008 to 2016 in Lanzhou from National Notifiable Disease Report System, and the meteorological data at the same period was integrated from Gansu Meteorological Administration. Distributed lag nonlinear model was fitted to reveal the relationship between the daily mean temperature and the daily cases of varicella and susceptible population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2018.08.013DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Varicella in the prison setting: A report of three outbreaks in Rhode Island and a review of the literature.

Vaccine 2018 09 10;36(37):5651-5656. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Brown University Alpert School of Medicine, USA.

Background: The prison setting carries unique risks for varicella outbreaks and the disease in adults, particularly those who are immunocompromised, can be life-threatening. In 2016-17, there were three outbreaks of varicella at three different correctional facilities in Rhode Island. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend post-exposure vaccination within three to five days for affected populations however the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) notes the logistical challenges of vaccinating exposed incarcerated individuals. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264410X183100
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.07.031DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Varicella breakthrough infection and effectiveness of 2-dose varicella vaccine in China.

Vaccine 2018 09 10;36(37):5665-5670. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China. Electronic address:

Background: 2-dose varicella vaccination has been available in Ningbo city, China since 2014 in the private sector. This study aimed to evaluate the breakthrough varicella infection rate, and to examine overall and incremental effectiveness of 2-dose varicella vaccination among Chinese children.

Methods: A retrospective investigation was done among native children born from 2008 to 2013 in active surveillance area in Ningbo, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.05.025DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

No. 274-Management of Varicella Infection (Chickenpox) in Pregnancy.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Aug;40(8):e652-e657

Toronto, ON.

Objective: To review the existing data regarding varicella zoster virus infection (chickenpox) in pregnancy, interventions to reduce maternal complications and fetal infection, and antepartum and peripartum management .

Methods: The maternal and fetal outcomes in varicella zoster infection were reviewed, as well as the benefit of the different treatment modalities in altering maternal and fetal sequelae.

Evidence: Medline was searched for articles and clinical guidelines published in English between January 1970 and November 2010. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17012163183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2018.05.034DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Acute peripheral facial paralysis following varicella infection: An uncommon complication.

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(1):99-101

Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Hanalioğlu D, Özsürekci Y, Büyükçam A, Gültekingil-Keser A, Tekşam Ö, Ceyhan M. Acute peripheral facial paralysis following varicella infection: An uncommon complication. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 99-101. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2018.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Outbreak of varicella in preschool children despite one-dose vaccination.

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(1):56-62

Division of General Pediatric Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Kurugöl Z, Gökçe Ş. Outbreak of varicella in preschool children despite one-dose vaccination. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 56-62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2018.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads