902 results match your criteria Chemical Peels


Treatment of atrophic acne scars with combination therapy of chemical reconstruction of skin scars method and fractionated non-ablative laser: A retrospective analysis.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Dermatology, Boston, USA.

Background: Patients with acne scarring often have several types of acne scars, and combination therapies have demonstrated superior success to single treatment modalities. Chemical reconstruction of skin scars (CROSS) has gained popularity as the treatment for ice-pick scars and fractionated laser therapy for rolling and boxcar scars. However, no study has looked at combination therapy with CROSS and fractionated non-ablative laser for the treatment of atrophic acne scars. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13514DOI Listing

Management of periorbital hyperpigmentation- An overview of nature based agents and alternative approaches.

Dermatol Ther 2020 May 29:e13717. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Quality Assurance, SVKM's Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, India.

Periorbital hyperpigmentation is a common dermatological condition that presents as dark periorbital area beneath the lower eyelids and is commonly found in females belonging to the age group of 16-45 years. The data presented in this review includes studies conducted on patients with a clinical/ histological diagnosis of periorbital hyperpigmentation or melasma. Many diverse topical depigmenting agents comprising of an array of naturally obtained actives like arabinoxylans, α-arbutin, asiaticoside, azelaic acid, beta-carotene, boswellic acid, caffeine, chrysin, curcumin, cyanidin-3-glucoside, D-glucoronic acid,dihydrochalcone, dipalmitoyl-hydroxyprolene, fucoxanthin, genistein, glabridin, b-glucogallin, hyaluronic acid,lactic acid, lycopene, niacinamide, pycnogenol, retinol, salidroside, xymenynic acid demonstrated significant benefits in the management of periorbital hyperpigmentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.13717DOI Listing

Exploring the Potential Use of Peels as a Source of Cosmeceutical Sunscreen Agent for Its Antioxidant and Photoprotective Properties.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 4;2020:7520736. Epub 2020 May 4.

Centre for Drug Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, George Town, Penang, Malaysia.

Currently, consumers' demand for sunscreens derived from natural sources that provide photoprotection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation is pushing the cosmetic industry to develop breakthrough formulations of sun protection products by incorporating plant antioxidants as their active ingredients. In this context, the present study was initiated to evaluate the antioxidant and photoprotective properties of the underutilized peel extract (HPPE) using spectrophotometric techniques. The phytochemical screenings of HPPE conducted via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) revealed the presence of phenolic acids and flavonoids as the major secondary metabolites in HPPE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7520736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222543PMC

Efficacy and safety of Jessner's solution peel in comparison with salicylic acid 30% peel in the management of patients with acne vulgaris and postacne hyperpigmentation with skin of color: a randomized, double-blinded, split-face, controlled trial.

Int J Dermatol 2020 May 24. Epub 2020 May 24.

Dermatology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia.

Objective: Antibiotics and retinoids have been used for acne vulgaris for decades. Though effective, each has its own drawbacks. Chemical peels have been used for treatment of acne vulgaris with inadequate clinical evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14948DOI Listing

Antioxidant Properties of Agri-food Byproducts |and Specific Boosting Effects of Hydrolytic Treatments.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 May 18;9(5). Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Via Cintia 4, I-80126 Naples, Italy.

Largely produced agri-food byproducts represent a sustainable and easily available source of phenolic compounds, such as lignins and tannins, endowed with potent antioxidant properties. We report herein the characterization of the antioxidant properties of nine plant-derived byproducts. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assays indicated the superior activity of pomegranate peels and seeds, grape pomace and pecan nut shell. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050438DOI Listing

Clinical and trichoscopic evaluation of trichloroacetic acid 35% vs phenol 88% peels in treatment of alopecia areata.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Among alopecia areata (AA) treatments, contact irritants (anthralin) and topical immunotherapies (diphenylcyclopropenone) have been successfully used. Chemoexfoliation can potentially be utilized, acting as irritants and consecutively immunomodulators. Peels via therapeutic wounding provoke growth factors and cytokines that may induce hair regrowth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13465DOI Listing

Pomegranate arils osmotic dehydration: effect of pre-drying on mass transfer.

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Jun 13;57(6):2129-2138. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Chemical-Process Engineering Department, National Engineering School of Gabes, University of Gabes, Omar Ibn El Khattab Street, 6029 Gabes, Tunisia.

In this work, the effect of ambient drying prior to osmotic dehydration (OD) of Tunisian pomegranate arils has been investigated. The whole fruit was pre-dried under ambient climate conditions, 20 °C and a climate humidity of 66%, until obtaining hard peels. Fresh and pre-dried pomegranate arils were dehydrated in sucrose osmotic solution at optimized conditions (50 °Brix, 40 °C, 440 rpm, foodstuff to solution weight ratio of 1:4 and 420 min). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04248-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230104PMC

Porous Activated Carbon from Lignocellulosic Agricultural Waste for the Removal of Acetampirid Pesticide from Aqueous Solutions.

Molecules 2020 May 17;25(10). Epub 2020 May 17.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbasia, Cairo 11566, Egypt.

A facile eco-friendly approach for acetampirid pesticide removal is presented. The method is based on the use of micro- and mesoporous activated carbon (TPAC) as a natural adsorbent. TPAC was synthesized via chemical treatment of tangerine peels with phosphoric acid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25102339DOI Listing

Evaluation of the effectiveness and safety of peppermint peel (PMP) soft peeling for skin ageing.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2019 Nov-Dec;33(6 Suppl. 2):93-101

Master in Aesthetic Medicine and Wellness, University of Marconi, Roma, Italy.

Turning to peeling in a dermatological sphere is extensively common and has been used for a long time. From the use of single acids moving on to the so-called compound peelings (associations of more than one substance in the same product) and the combined peelings which take advantage of the action of different substances in a synergistic manner (different products are applied sequentially) in order to best guarantee a greater effectiveness of the treatment for the recommended target. Superficial peelings, combined and not, have led to a drastic reduction in the percentage of incidence of adverse events typical of medium and deep peels. Read More

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Production of Sustainable and Biodegradable Polymers from Agricultural Waste.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 May 14;12(5). Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Patras, 26500 Patra, Greece.

Agro-wastes are derived from diverse sources including grape pomace, tomato pomace, pineapple, orange, and lemon peels, sugarcane bagasse, rice husks, wheat straw, and palm oil fibers, among other affordable and commonly available materials. The carbon-rich precursors are used in the production bio-based polymers through microbial, biopolymer blending, and chemical methods. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that 20%-30% of fruits and vegetables are discarded as waste during post-harvest handling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12051127DOI Listing

Green synthesis of nanometal impregnated biomass - antiviral potential.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Jul 6;112:110934. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India. Electronic address:

Due to the epidemic nature, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), arthropod-borne alphaviruses, is considered as a potential public health threat worldwide. Currently, no antiviral drug or vaccine is available against alphaviruses. Nanotechnology with green synthesis of nanoparticles is a novel and emerging interdisciplinary field of science that involves the production and usage of nanomaterials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2020.110934DOI Listing
July 2020
3.088 Impact Factor

Novel approach for effective removal of methylene blue dye from water using fava bean peel waste.

Sci Rep 2020 May 8;10(1):7824. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Chemistry, American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, P.O. Box 74, New Cairo, 11835, Egypt.

Fava bean peels, Vicia faba (FBP) are investigated as biosorbents for the removal of Methylene Blue (MB) dye from aqueous solutions through a novel and efficient sorption process utilizing ultrasonic-assisted (US) shaking. Ultrasonication remarkably enhanced sorption rate relative to conventional (CV) shaking, while maintaining the same sorption capacity. Ultrasonic sorption rate amounted to four times higher than its conventional counterpart at 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64727-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210991PMC

Formulation of a fermentation substrate from pineapple and sacha inchi wastes to grow .

Heliyon 2020 Apr 27;6(4):e03790. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Departamento de Ingeniería, Facultad de Ingeniería y Administración, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Campus Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.

Gold honey variety pineapple wastes and sacha inchi sub-products (SIS) were characterized in their elemental, physical, and chemical form in order to formulate a supplemented fermentation substrate (SFS) for the growth . The peels and fresh cores of the pineapple (FPP, FPC) were dried and ground (PPP, PPC) and then mixed (MCPP). The following procedures were then undertaken: a physicochemical characterization (moisture, a, pH, acidity, and soluble solids) of the SIS, FPP, FPC, PPP, and PPC; a proximal characterization of he FPP, FPC, SIS, and SFS; and an elemental analysis (C-N-H-O-S) of the MCPP, SIS, and , which allowed the stoichiometric equation to be defined and the SFS to be formulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191580PMC

Data on the derived mesoporous based catalyst for the synthesized of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) from ternary oil blend: An optimization approach.

Data Brief 2020 Jun 22;30:105514. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Chemical/Petrochemical Engineering Department, Akwa-Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden Mkpat Enin L.G.A., Akwa-Ibom State. Nigeria. P.M.B 1167, Uyo, Nigeria.

This work presents datasets on fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) synthesized from the ternary blend of Cucurbita pepo-chrysophyllum albidum -papaya mix oils via methanolysis of mesoporous CaO heterogeneous catalyst derived from the mixture of Citrullus lanatus and Musa acuminate peels. The oils were extracted from the milled powdered using the solvent extraction method. Ternary oil mixed ratio of 33:33:34 with low acid value and density was achieved using simplex lattice design software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184132PMC

pH-Dependent Antibacterial Activity of Glycolic Acid: Implications for Anti-Acne Formulations.

Sci Rep 2020 May 4;10(1):7491. Epub 2020 May 4.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue 639798, Singapore, Singapore.

Glycolic acid is the smallest alpha hydroxy acid and widely used for skincare applications, including to treat acne vulgaris. Oftentimes, high concentrations of glycolic acid (~20-50 vol%) are incorporated into chemical peels to reduce acne-related inflammation while there is an outstanding need to determine to what extent glycolic acid can potently inhibit Cutibacterium acnes (formerly known as Propionibacterium acnes), which is a Gram-positive bacterium implicated in acne pathogenesis. Herein, we report that glycolic acid exhibits pH-dependent antibacterial activity against C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64545-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198592PMC

Process development and life cycle assessment of pomegranate biorefinery.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Oil Technology, Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India.

According to the global survey, Iran, China, India, and USA are leading producers of pomegranate. Among them, India tops the chart as the highest producer of pomegranate, cultivating 1.14 million tons per annum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08957-0DOI Listing

Enhanced Lycopene Extraction from Tomato Peels by Optimized Mixed-Polarity Solvent Mixtures.

Authors:
Antonio Zuorro

Molecules 2020 Apr 27;25(9). Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Environment, Sapienza University, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Mounting evidence from clinical and epidemiological studies suggests that lycopene, the most abundant carotenoid in tomatoes, may be beneficial in the prevention or treatment of some important diseases. Ripe tomato peels are the richest source of lycopene, but the use of conventional solvent extraction methods without pretreatment of the plant material results in very poor recovery. The reason lies in the localization of lycopene in the plant tissue and the low permeability of the latter to solvent molecules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25092038DOI Listing

Study of oral tranexamic acid, topical tranexamic acid, and modified Kligman's regimen in treatment of melasma.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jun 28;19(6):1456-1462. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

JNMC, DMIMS DU, Wardha, India.

Background: Melasma is a pigmentary disorder affecting mainly face . Various treatment modalities available as topicals, superficial chemical peels and lasers but none till date gives promising results, until date quest for the best treatment modality is on.

Aim: To study the effect of oral and topical Tranexamic acid (TXA) and modified Kligman's regimen in treatment of melasma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13430DOI Listing

Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Peels of Three Species.

Molecules 2020 Apr 19;25(8). Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Viale Palatucci, 98168 Messina, Italy.

Background: Fruit peels are generally underutilized byproducts of the food industry, although they are valuable sources of bioactive compounds. The aim of this study is to evaluate a new application for three peel EOs as bio-herbicides.

Methods: After a micro-morphological evaluation of peels by SEM analysis, the phytochemical composition of the EOs of Risso & Poit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25081890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221518PMC

Isolation and structure elucidation of constituents of , , and as the cancer prevention agents.

Genes Environ 2020 16;42:17. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Public Health, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, 607-8412 Japan.

In the course of our research to investigate the cancer prevention potency of natural products derived from plant materials, we isolated fifty-five compounds, including twenty-one new compounds from the peels of , aerial parts of , and leaves of The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by chemical/physicochemical evidence, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry results. Moreover, the absolute stereochemistry of the new compounds were elucidated by various techniques such as chemical synthesis, modified Mosher's method, Cu-Kα X-ray crystallographic analysis, and comparison of experimental and predicted electronic circular dichroism data. The antimutagenic effects of the isolated and structure-elucidated compounds against heterocyclic amines, 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5-pyrido [4,3-]indole (Trp-P-1) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-]pyridine (PhIP), were evaluated by the Ames test and in vivo micronucleus test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41021-020-00156-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164196PMC

Construction of higher-order cellular microstructures by a self-wrapping co-culture strategy using a redox-responsive hydrogel.

Sci Rep 2020 Apr 21;10(1):6710. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Moto-oka, Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan.

In this report, a strategy for constructing three-dimensional (3D) cellular architectures comprising viable cells is presented. The strategy uses a redox-responsive hydrogel that degrades under mild reductive conditions, and a confluent monolayer of cells (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63362-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174313PMC

Chemical Peels in Skin Cancer: A Review.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2020 Feb 1;13(2):53-57. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Drs. Sidiropoulou, Gregoriou and Rigopoulos are with the 1st Department of Dermatology-Venereology of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens at Andreas Syggros Hospital for Cutaneous & Venereal Diseases in Athens, Greece.

Chemexfoliation is widely used to reverse signs of photodamage. Although photodamage can eventually lead to skin cancer, it remains unclear whether chemical peels also affect photocarcinogenesis. Moreover, concerns about the systemic and/or cutaneous toxicity of peeling agents have already arisen. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158909PMC
February 2020

Hort. Juice Enriched with Its By-Products (Peels and Leaves): Chemical Composition, In Vitro Bioactivity, and Impact of Processing.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 Apr 3;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy.

This work investigated a model for the reuse of Hort. by-products for the development of a functional drink able to exert antioxidant, hypoglycaemic, and hypolipidemic effects. Juice obtained from fruits collected in three different areas of Calabria (Italy) was analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox9040298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222210PMC

Porous Carbon Materials Obtained by the Hydrothermal Carbonization of Orange Juice.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Apr 1;10(4). Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Surface Nanoscience Group, Department of Physics, University of Calabria, I-87036 Rende, Cosenza, Italy.

Porous carbon materials are currently subjected to strong research efforts mainly due to their excellent performances in energy storage devices. A sustainable process to obtain them is hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), in which the decomposition of biomass precursors generates solid products called hydrochars, together with liquid and gaseous products. Hydrochars have a high C content and are rich with oxygen-containing functional groups, which is important for subsequent activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10040655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222017PMC

Lipid profile and growth of black soldier flies (Hermetia illucens, Stratiomyidae) reared on by-products from different food chains.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Life Sciences (Agro-Food Science Area), BIOGEST - SITEIA Interdepartmental Centre, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Background: The total amount of bio-waste produced annually in the EU by the food and beverage chains is estimated at 37 billion kg. The use of insects for the valorization of by-products from these value chains may represent a sustainable solution. This study aimed to investigate the by-products obtained from different food chains and used for the rearing of black soldier fly (BSF) prepupae, and to evaluate the content and profile of the lipid extracted from the prepupae and outline its possible applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10397DOI Listing

Cutaneous absorption of tretinoin in 0.05% cream and 5% chemical peel formulas.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Medicine, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP-EPM), Sao Paulo, Brazil; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2020.03.045DOI Listing

Construction and Chemical Profile on "Activity Fingerprint" of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium from Different Cultivars Based on HPLC-UV, LC/MS-IT-TOF, and Principal Component Analysis.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 3;2020:4736152. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Target & Clinical Pharmacology and the State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences & The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP), known as Chenpi (CP) in Chinese, is a medicinal food for health and fitness. In order to find out the characteristic activity chemicals distinguishing various cultivars of CRP and provide a reference for effective development of citrus resources, an "activity fingerprint" of CRP from 21 different cultivars was established based on the evaluation of antitussive and expectorant activities. There were 18 common peaks in the HPLC fingerprint, of which 3 flavonoid glycosides and 14 polymethoxyflavonoids (PMFs) were identified by LC/MS-IT-TOF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4736152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7072102PMC

Characterization of Arils Juice and Peel Decoction of Fifteen Varieties of L.: A Focus on Anthocyanins, Ellagitannins and Polysaccharides.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 Mar 13;9(3). Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug and Child Health, Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical Section, University of Florence, 50019 ‎Florence, Italy.

Pomegranate is receiving renewed commercial and scientific interest, therefore a deeper knowledge of the chemical composition of the fruits of less studied varieties is required. In this work, juices from arils and decoctions from mesocarp plus exocarp were prepared from fifteen varieties. Samples were submitted to High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detector-Mass Spectrometry, spectrophotometric and colorimetric CIEL*a*b* analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox9030238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7139709PMC

Quality evaluation of different varieties of Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. peels based on phenolic profiles, bioactivity, and HPLC fingerprint.

J Food Sci 2020 Apr 9;85(4):1090-1097. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

College of Forestry, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China.

This work aims to evaluate the quality of seven varieties of Zanthoxylum bungeanum peels based on phenolic compounds, bioactivity, and HPLC fingerprint combined with chemometrics analysis, and pick out the key chemical compounds. As a result, S2 (Fengxian Dahongpao) showed the highest content of total phenolic and rutin, as well as the strongest antioxidant activity, followed by S6 (Hancheng Shizitou). From HPLC fingerprint, eight common characteristic peaks were selected and proved to be effective in controlling the quality of Z. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15095DOI Listing
April 2020
1.696 Impact Factor

Growth associated polyhydroxybutyrate production by the novel Zobellellae tiwanensis strain DD5 from banana peels under submerged fermentation.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Jun 3;153:461-469. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Microbiology, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubnaneswar-3, Odisha, India. Electronic address:

In view of environmental pollution by fossil fuel-based plastics, it has become imperative to find out an alternative biodegradable plastic for sustainability. In this context, polyhydroxy butyrate (PHB) production was carried out by the Zobellella sp. DD5 using inexpensive banana peels as the carbon source. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Structural studies of the pectic polysaccharide from fruits of Punica granatum.

Carbohydr Polym 2020 May 11;235:115978. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Institute of Chemistry, Federal Research Center "Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences", Pervomaiskaya St. 48, Syktyvkar, 167982, Russia. Electronic address:

The polysaccharide PG containing 76 % of uronic acids, was obtained from peels and membranes of Punica granatum fruits by extraction to the aqueous solution of (NH)CO. The chemical structure of PG was characterized by enzymatic and partial acid hydrolyses, Smith degradation and 1D/2D NMR spectroscopy. It has been found that PG consisted mainly of highly methyl-esterified and lowly acetylated pectin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.115978DOI Listing

Formation of a hard surface layer during drying of a heated porous media.

PLoS One 2020 27;15(2):e0229723. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

We report surface hardening or crust formation, like caking, during evaporation when a porous medium was heated from above using IR radiation. These crusts had higher strength than their closest counterparts such as sandcastles and mud-peels which essentially are clusters of a partially wet porous medium. Observed higher strength of the crusts was mostly due to surface tension between the solid particles, which are connected by liquid bridges (connate water). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0229723PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7046278PMC

Bio-sorbents, industrially important chemicals and novel materials from citrus processing waste as a sustainable and renewable bioresource: A review.

J Adv Res 2020 May 21;23:61-82. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Republic of Korea.

Citrus waste includes peels, pulp and membrane residue and seeds, constituting approximately 40-60% of the whole fruit. This amount exceeds ~110-120 million tons annually worldwide. Recent investigations have been focused on developing newer techniques to explore various applications of the chemicals obtained from the citrus wastes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2020.01.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021529PMC

The rise of Chemical Peeling in 19th-century European Dermatology: emergence of agents, formulations and treatments.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2020 Feb 20. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Institute of the History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Considering the increasing number of chemical peeling applications, also the interest in the history of chemical peelings and agents, has grown in dermatology. Research ascribes the first use of phenol as a chemical peeling agent to William Tilbury Fox (1836-1879) in 1871. Furthermore, Ferdinand von Hebra (1847-1902) is said to describe the properties of various peeling agents in 1874, and Paul Gerson Unna (1850-1929) adds resorcinol and trichloroacetic acid in 1882. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.16307DOI Listing
February 2020

Dissipation and distribution of difenoconazole in bananas and a risk assessment of dietary intake.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 May 19;27(13):15365-15374. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Key Laboratory of Natural Pesticide & Chemical Biology, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

The dissipation and terminal residues of difenoconazole in whole bananas and pulp were investigated under field conditions. The residual levels of difenoconazole in various parts of bananas grown in Guangdong, Hainan and Yunnan were determined by a GC-ECD detection method after simple, rapid pretreatment. The mean recovery was 80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08030-wDOI Listing

Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) peel extracts.

Int J Food Microbiol 2020 May 27;321:108539. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Food Technology, Safety and Health, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent 9000, Belgium. Electronic address:

Microbial safety in food products is not always adequately controlled. Chemical antimicrobials which are recognized as hazards to human health are gradually replaced by natural antimicrobial compounds. In the current study, the antimicrobial activity against some Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteria by the methanolic extract from rambutan fruit peels was evaluated using both in vitro (medium) and in situ (food matrices i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108539DOI Listing

Preparation and evaluation of self-microemulsifying delivery system containing 5-demethyltangeretin on inhibiting xenograft tumor growth in mice.

Int J Pharm 2020 Apr 11;579:119134. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan; Department of Health and Nutrition Biotechnology, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan. Electronic address:

5-Demethyltangeretin (5-DTAN), a polymethoxylated flavone found in citrus peels, exhibits highly potent anti-cancer activity. However, 5-DTAN is a hydrophobic compound with poor aqueous solubility, which limits its oral bioavailability and efficacy. In this study, we aimed to develop and characterize an optimal self-microemulsifying delivery system (SMEDS) formulated for 5-DTAN and to assess its anticancer activity in a xenograft model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119134DOI Listing
April 2020
3.650 Impact Factor

Bioconversion of ferulic acid attained from pineapple peels and pineapple crown leaves into vanillic acid and vanillin by I-1472.

BMC Chem 2020 Dec 3;14(1). Epub 2020 Feb 3.

2School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM, 43600 Bangi, Selangor Malaysia.

This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of pineapple peel (PP) and pineapple crown leaves (PCL) as the substrate for vanillic acid and vanillin production. About 202 ± 18 mg L and 120 ± 11 mg L of ferulic acid was produced from the PP and PCL respectively. By applied response surface methodology, the ferulic acid yield was increased to 1055 ± 160 mg L by treating 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13065-020-0663-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6998299PMC
December 2020

Optimization of Pectin Extraction from Sweet Potato Peels using Citric Acid and Its Emulsifying Properties.

Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric 2020 Feb 6. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Bioprocess and Polymer Engineering, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Background: Pectin is a natural polysaccharide that has been used widely as stabilizer in food emulsion system.

Objective: This study aimed to optimize the yield of pectin extracted from sweet potato residue and investigate its emulsifying properties.

Methods: Response surface methodology (RSM) has been utilized to investigate the pectin extraction from sweet potato peels using citric acid as the extracting solvent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/2212798411666200207102051DOI Listing
February 2020

Is there still a place for deep chemical peels in the treatment of perioral wrinkles?

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Feb 3. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Dermatology, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.

Baker-Gordon formula phenol chemical peel remains the most effective and long-lasting treatment for deep facial lines. However, this treatment is associated with risk of serious complications, such as arrhythmias and dystrophic scars. With the emergence of new and safer technologies for facial rejuvenation, such as fractionated carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers and microneedling, there has been a decrease in the use of deep chemical peels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13302DOI Listing
February 2020

Chemical composition, antioxidant, antibacterial, and tyrosinase inhibition activity of extracts from Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. Newhall) peel.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Apr 21;100(6):2664-2674. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

National Engineering Research Center of Navel Orange, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, China.

Background: Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. Newhall) is the major navel orange cultivar planted in China. Almost all Newhall navel orange peels produced in that country are currently discarded, which is not only harmful to the environment but also a waste of resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10297DOI Listing

Green Reduction of Graphene Oxide using Kaffir Lime Peel Extract (Citrus hystrix) and Its Application as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue.

Sci Rep 2020 Jan 20;10(1):667. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Kalijudan 37, Surabaya, 60114, Indonesia.

Green reduction of graphene oxide (GO) by phytochemicals was explored using the aqueous extract of kaffir lime peels. The research methods included preparation of extracts, preparation of GO, preparation and characterization of reduced-GO (RGO) using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV-Vis spectroscopy, as well as methylene blue (MB) adsorption test using RGO. The RGO characterization showed that GO was successfully reduced by a C=C group restoration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-57433-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6971006PMC
January 2020

Green ultrasound-assisted extraction of chlorogenic acids from sweet potato peels and sonochemical hydrolysis of caffeoylquinic acids derivatives.

Ultrason Sonochem 2020 May 29;63:104911. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Universidade Federal do Ceará, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, 60440-900 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Sweet potato peels are rich in chlorogenic acids. In this work, we applied ultrasound technology to extract the main compounds from sweet potato peel and used multivariate analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) to evaluate the effects of different extraction conditions on the extraction of chlorogenic acids. The extraction was studied varying ultrasonic power density (20, 35 and 50 W/L) and processing time (5, 10, 20 and 40 min) using an ultrasonic bath operating at 25 kHz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104911DOI Listing

Microwave-assisted synthesis of carbon dots as reductant and stabilizer for silver nanoparticles with enhanced-peroxidase like activity for colorimetric determination of hydrogen peroxide and glucose.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 01 16;187(2):135. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials (IRCBM), COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan.

A carbon silver nano-assembly was prepared from silver nanoparticles and carbon dots (AgNP@CD). It was used to quantify hydrogen peroxide and glucose by UV-visible spectroscopy. Banana peels were used to prepare the CDs by a microwave-assisted method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-019-4098-xDOI Listing
January 2020
3.741 Impact Factor

Ferulic acid 12% peel: An innovative peel for constitutional type of periorbital melanosis-Comparing clinical efficacy and safety with 20% glycolic peel and 15% lactic peel.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jan 16. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Pt B. D. Sharma, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Background: Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is a very common, yet unexplored aesthetic condition. Topical therapy is mainstay of treatment which includes chemical peels and other depigmenting agents.

Aims: To compare clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of 20% glycolic acid peels, 15% lactic acid peels, and 12% ferulic acid peels in the treatment of constitutional type of periorbital hyperpigmentation in Indian patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13292DOI Listing
January 2020

A split-face comparative study to evaluate the efficacy of 50% pyruvic acid against a mixture of glycolic and salicylic acids in the treatment of acne vulgaris.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jan 10. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Basic Biomedical Science, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: One of the ways to treat acne is by using chemical peels. Salicylic, glycolic and pyruvic acids due to their keratolytic and antibacterial properties are often recommended for acne patients.

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of a preparation containing glycolic and salicylic acids with pyruvic acid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13288DOI Listing
January 2020

Valuation of banana peels as an effective biosorbent for mercury removal under low environmental concentrations.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Mar 5;709:135883. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

CICECO, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address:

The use of banana peels as biosorbent for mercury sorption from different aqueous solutions was investigated in this work. The impact of the operating conditions, such as biosorbent dosage, contact time and ionic strength was evaluated for realistic initial Hg(II) concentrations of 50 μg dm. Biosorbent dosage and contact time showed more influence on Hg(II) removal than ionic strength, and their increase led to improve Hg(II) uptake achieving final concentrations with drinking water quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135883DOI Listing

Optimization of carotenoids production by (MTCC-1403) using agro-industrial waste in bioreactor: A statistical approach.

Biotechnol Rep (Amst) 2020 Mar 5;25:e00407. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Dr. S. S. Bhatnagar University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Bio-colorants are preferred over synthetic colors as bio-colorants not only impart characteristic color to the food also contain harmless bio-active antioxidant nutrients. The present study was undertaken to investigate the potential of agro-industrial waste (Onion peels, potato skin, mung bean husk and pea pods) for carotenoid production from After screening of appropriate carbon, nitrogen sources from agro-industrial waste, the fermentation conditions (pH, temperature, agitation) were optimized using Response Surface Methodology and optimum conditions were pH 6.1, temperature 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2019.e00407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6921150PMC

Chemical composition and bioactive properties of byproducts from two different kiwi varieties.

Food Res Int 2020 Jan 31;127:108753. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal. Electronic address:

Kiwis are an example of fruits with excellent bioactive properties worldwide appreciated and consumed generating tons of waste. Thus, the objective of this work was to compare two varieties of kiwi: Actinidia deliciosa cv. "Hayward" (green) and Actinidia spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108753DOI Listing
January 2020