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    679 results match your criteria Chemical Peels

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    3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-Heptamethoxyflavone, a Citrus Flavonoid, Inhibits Collagenase Activity and Induces Type I Procollagen Synthesis in HDFn Cells.
    Int J Mol Sci 2018 Feb 22;19(2). Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Research Institute for Biomedical & Health Science, College of Biomedical and Health Science, Konkuk University, 268 Chungwon-daero, Chungju-si 27478, Korea.
    fruits contain various types of flavonoids with powerful anti-aging and photoprotective effects on the skin, and have thus been attracting attention as potential, efficacious skincare agents. Here, we aimed to investigate the chemical composition ofand its protective effects on photoaging. We isolated and identified a bioactive compound, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF), frompeels using ethanol extraction and hexane fractionation. Read More

    One-step conversion of agro-wastes to nanoporous carbons: Role in separation of greenhouse gases.
    Bioresour Technol 2018 Feb 6;256:232-240. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Widener University, One University Place, Chester, PA 19013, USA.
    Highly microporous carbons have been synthesized from four types of agro-wastes of lignin, walnut shells, orange peels and apricot seeds by one-step carbonization/activation with potassium hydroxide (KOH) in varying ratios. The resultant carbons demonstrated BET specific surface areas of 727-2254 m/g, and total pore volumes 0.34-1. Read More

    Deep Eutectic Solvents pretreatment of agro-industrial food waste.
    Biotechnol Biofuels 2018 12;11:37. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    2Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, P.le V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Naples, Italy.
    Background: Waste biomass from agro-food industries are a reliable and readily exploitable resource. From the circular economy point of view, direct residues from these industries exploited for production of fuel/chemicals is a winning issue, because it reduces the environmental/cost impact and improves the eco-sustainability of productions.

    Results: The present paper reports recent results of deep eutectic solvent (DES) pretreatment on a selected group of the agro-industrial food wastes (AFWs) produced in Europe. Read More

    The efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological therapies for the treatment of acne vulgaris: A systematic review and best-evidence synthesis.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Department of Dermatology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Background: Acne vulgaris is a multifaceted skin disorder, affecting more than 85% of young individuals worldwide. Pharmacological therapy is not always desirable because of the development of antibiotic resistance or the potential risk of adverse effects. Non-pharmacological therapies can be viable alternatives for conventional therapies. Read More

    Pigmentation Disorders: Diagnosis and Management.
    Am Fam Physician 2017 Dec;96(12):797-804
    Norton Audobon Hospital, Louisville, KY, USA.
    Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. Typical hyperpigmentation disorders include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and café au lait macules. These conditions are generally benign but can be distressing to patients. Read More

    Evaluation of plant-based natural coagulants for municipal wastewater treatment.
    3 Biotech 2018 Jan 13;8(1):77. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    School of Environment and Natural Resources, Doon University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001 India.
    In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. The maximum turbidity removal was observed with banana peel powder (59. Read More

    Infrared Drying as a Quick Preparation Method for Dried Tangerine Peel.
    Int J Anal Chem 2017 19;2017:6254793. Epub 2017 Nov 19.
    Institute of Food Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.
    To establish the most convenient and effective method to dry tangerine peels, different methods (sun drying, hot-air drying, freeze drying, vacuum drying, and medium- and short-wave infrared drying) were exploited. Our results indicated that medium- and short-wave infrared drying was the best method to preserve nutraceutical components; for example, vitamin C was raised to 6.77 mg/g (D. Read More

    Optimal ranges of variables for an effective adsorption of lead(II) by the agricultural waste pomelo (Citrus grandis) peels using Doehlert designs.
    Sci Rep 2018 Jan 15;8(1):729. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, P. R. China.
    The capacity of pomelo peels' adsorption on lead(II) from aqueous solutions without modifications was investigated and confirmed. Four variables in this study, pH, temperature, time and initial concentration of lead(II), significantly affected the adsorption rate of pomelo peels. The prediction model and optimal ranges of optimized variables were given by Doehlert designs, which made the selection of variables rapid, flexible and effortless to obtain an adsorption rate reaching 99. Read More

    Active compounds, antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of different varieties of Chaenomeles fruits.
    Food Chem 2018 May 7;248:330-339. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Tianjin Key Laboratory for Modern Drug Delivery & High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University, No. 92 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China. Electronic address:
    Chaenomeles is an important source for food industry in China, and its planting area is expanding year by year. This study was conducted to evaluate different varieties of Chaenomeles by comparing the chemical compositions, antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of peels and fleshes from twelve varieties of Chaenomeles. In the results, peels of Chaenomeles contain more phenolics, flavonoids and triterpenes, and show better antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than their fleshes. Read More

    Environmentally Sustainable Aluminum-Coordinated Poly(tetrahydroxybenzoquinone) as a Promising Cathode for Sodium Ion Batteries.
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Jan 16;10(4):3479-3486. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    School of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Institute of Chemical Process, Seoul National University , 599 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea.
    Na-ion batteries are attractive as an alternative to Li-ion batteries because of their lower cost. Organic compounds have been considered as promising electrode materials due to their environmental friendliness and molecular diversity. Herein, aluminum-coordinated poly(tetrahydroxybenzoquinone) (P(THBQ-Al)), one of the coordination polymers, is introduced for the first time as a promising cathode for Na-ion batteries. Read More

    Chemical Peeling with a Modified Phenol Formula for the Treatment of Facial Freckles on Asian Skin.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Hangzhou Yahui Biological Technology Co., Ltd, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
    Background: Chemical peeling is an efficient method for the treatment of pigment disorders. For freckles, medium-depth to deep peeling using a phenol solution is one of the most effective chemical peels, and modifications of facial skin can be observed up to 20 years after peeling. However, applying phenol to the skin may cause serious side effects. Read More

    Modification of pomegranate waste with iron ions a green composite for removal of Pb from aqueous solution: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies.
    AMB Express 2017 Dec 22;7(1):225. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Department of Environmental Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Islamic Republic of Iran.
    Pomegranate waste modified with Feand Feions followed with carbonization were used as an adsorbent to remove the Pbions from aqueous solution. To optimum the highest adsorption efficiency, adsorption experiments were conducted on iron modified carbons by batch technique. The characteristic of composite was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). Read More

    Antibiofilm activity of α-mangostin extracted from Garcinia mangostana L. against Staphylococcus aureus.
    Asian Pac J Trop Med 2017 Dec 31;10(12):1154-1160. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Claverton Down Bath, BA2 7AY, Bath, UK. Electronic address:
    Objective: To isolate α-mangostin (AMG) from the peels of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.), grown in Vietnam, and to investigate antibiofilm activity of this compound against three Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strains, one of which was methicillin-resistant S. Read More

    Chemical Peels in Melasma: A Review with Consensus Recommendations by Indian Pigmentary Expert Group.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Nov-Dec;62(6):578-584
    Dermatologist Specialist, Dr RML Hospital and PGIMS, New Delhi, India.
    Melasma is a notorious dermatosis, often resistant to treatment. Chemical peeling constitutes an acceptable option of management of melasma (of any type and duration). In this article, as a group of experts from Pigmentary Disorders Society (PDS) in collaboration with South Asian Pigmentary Forum (SPF), we have tried to elaborate the various chemical peeling agents for the treatment of melasma. Read More

    A Chemometrics Approach for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Data to Characterize the Partial Metabolome Banana Peels from Southern Brazil.
    J Integr Bioinform 2017 Dec 13;14(4). Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Banana peels are well recognized as a source of important bioactive compounds, such as phenolics, carotenoids, biogenic amines, among others. As such, they have recently started to be used for industrial purposes. However, its composition seems to be strongly affected by biotic or abiotic ecological factors. Read More

    Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Epidemiology, Clinical Presentation, Pathogenesis and Treatment.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Dec 8. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Mount Sinai St. Luke's and West, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, Suite 11B, New York, NY, 10025, USA.
    Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a reactive hypermelanosis that develops following cutaneous inflammation. Common causes of PIH include intrinsic skin conditions (e.g. Read More

    Acoustic cavitation assisted extraction of pectin from waste grapefruit peels: A green two-stage approach and its general mechanism.
    Food Res Int 2017 Dec 29;102:101-110. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; National Engineering Laboratory of Intelligent Food Technology and Equipment, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Fuli Institute of Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:
    In the present study, acoustic cavitation assisted extraction (ACAE) which is a green approach was used for two-stage extraction of pectin from waste grapefruit peels regarding the specific two stages and different peel particle sizes. The yields, physicochemical properties and structure prediction of pectin from different peel particle sizes and different stages by two methods were compared. Highest pectin yield of 23. Read More

    Comparative study of buffered 50% glycolic acid (pH 3.0) + 0.5% salicylic acid solution vs Jessner's solution in patients with acne vulgaris.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Department of Dermatology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.
    Background: Superficial chemical peels are frequently used in acne vulgaris treatment. Although glycolic acid (GA) has been widely used in clinical practice, its pH ranges from 0.08-2. Read More

    Chemical Mapping of Essential Oils, Flavonoids and Carotenoids in Citrus Peels by Raman Microscopy.
    J Food Sci 2017 Dec 8;82(12):2840-2846. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Inst. of Food Science and Technology, Chinese Acad. of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, P. R. China.
    Citrus peels, by-products in large quantity, are rich in various functional and beneficial components which have wide applications. Chemical analysis of these components in citrus peels is an important step to determine the usefulness of the by-products for further applications. In this study, we explored Raman microscopy for rapid, nondestructive, and in situ chemical mapping of multiple main functional components from citrus peels. Read More

    Prospects of banana waste utilization in wastewater treatment: A review.
    J Environ Manage 2018 Jan 1;206:330-348. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology, Lot No. 1988, Kawasan Perindustrian Bandar Vendor, Taboh Naning, Alor Gajah, 78000, Melaka, Malaysia. Electronic address:
    This review article explores utilization of banana waste (fruit peels, pseudo-stem, trunks, and leaves) as precursor materials to produce an adsorbent, and its application against environmental pollutants such as heavy metals, dyes, organic pollutants, pesticides, and various other gaseous pollutants. In recent past, quite a good number of research articles have been published on the utilization of low-cost adsorbents derived from biomass wastes. The literature survey on banana waste derived adsorbents shown that due to the abundance of banana waste worldwide, it also considered as low-cost adsorbents with promising future application against various environmental pollutants. Read More

    Trichloroacetic Acid Ingestion: Self-Harm Attempt.
    Case Rep Psychiatry 2017 10;2017:3701012. Epub 2017 Sep 10.
    Department of Psychiatry, Southern Illinois University, Springfield, IL 62702, USA.
    Objective: Trichloroacetic acid (TCAA), or trichloroethanoic acid, is a chemical analogue of acetic acid where three methyl group hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine. TCAAs are also abbreviated and referred to as TCAs, causing confusion with the psychiatric antidepressant drug class, especially among patients. TCAAs exist in dermatological treatments such as chemical peels or wart chemoablation medication. Read More

    The Evolution of Chemical Peeling and Modern-Day Applications.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Nov;140(5):920-929
    Philadelphia, Pa.; and Portland, Ore. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania; and the Bensimon Center for Plastic Surgery.
    Despite the growth of technically more sophisticated skin resurfacing modalities, such as those based on light, radiofrequency, and ultrasound, chemical peel procedures have risen 5 to 25 percent over the past year alone. Chemexfoliation carries historical significance and has markedly evolved since its inception in ancient times. As a result of plastic surgery and dermatologic advancements, modern-day chemexfoliation offers plastic surgeons additional safe and effective options for patients with rhytides, dyschromias, and other signs of light- and environment-induced skin damage. Read More

    Chemical peels: A review of current practice.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Chemical peels belong to a group of cutaneous resurfacing procedures that are used in the treatment of photoageing, inflammatory dermatoses, epidermal proliferations, pigmentary disorders and scarring. This review describes best current practice, highlights recent advances in chemical peel technology and discusses the recommended uses for different peel types. It also presents the results of a survey of the chemical peeling practices of 30 Australian dermatologists. Read More

    The essential oil from Citrus limetta Risso peels alleviates skin inflammation: In-vitro and in-vivo study.
    J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Feb 19;212:86-94. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Molecular Bioprospection Department, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow 226015, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, New Delhi 110025, India. Electronic address:
    Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Citrus fruit peels are traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of skin disorders but it lacks proper pharmacological intervention. Citrus limetta Risso (Rutaceae) is an important commercial fruit crops used by juice processing industries in all continents. Ethnopharmacological validation of an essential oil isolated from its peels may play a key role in converting the fruit waste materials into therapeutic value added products. Read More

    Antioxidant phenolic compounds isolated from wild Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. fruit peels and leaves.
    Food Chem 2018 Feb 30;241:182-187. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    College of Plant Science, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130062, PR China. Electronic address:
    Thirteen phenolic compounds were isolated from pear (Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.) peels and leaves extracts by using various column chromatography techniques with a guided DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical-scavenging assay, the result of antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds is then verified by measurement of ROS (reactive oxygen species). The isolated compounds were identified as rutin (1), (-)-catechin (2), orobol (3), daidzein (4), tricin 4'-O-[threo-β-guaiacyl-(7″-O-methyl)-glyceryl] ether (5), tricin 4'-O-[threo-β-guaiacyl-(7″-O-methyl-9″-O-acetyl)-glyceryl] ether (6), 5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxyflavanone (7), artselaeroside A (8), trilobatin (9), 3-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propan-1-one (10), quercetin-3-O-(3″-O-galloyl)-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (11), apigenin (12) and quercetin (13) on the basis of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy along with comparison with literature data. Read More

    Citrus essential oils: Extraction, authentication and application in food preservation.
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2017 Sep 28:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    a School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University , Gyeongsan , Gyeongsanbuk-do , Republic of Korea.
    Citrus EOs is an economic, eco-friendly and natural alternatives to chemical preservatives and other synthetic antioxidants, such as sodium nitrites, nitrates or benzoates, commonly utilized in food preservation. Citrus based EOs is obtained mainly from the peels of citrus fruits which are largely discarded as wastes and cause environmental problems. The extraction of citrus oils from the waste peels not only saves environment but can be used in various applications including food preservation. Read More

    Comparative instrumental evaluation of efficacy and safety between a binary and a ternary system in chemexfoliation.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    San Gallicano Dermatological Institute, Rome, Italy.
    Objective: To instrumentally evaluate the efficacy and the safety of a new ternary system chemo exfoliating formulation (water-dimethyl isosorbide-acid) vs traditional binary systems (water and acid) where the acid is maintained in both the systems at the same concentration.

    Methods: Different peelings (binary system pyruvic acid and trichloroacetic acid-TCA, and ternary system pyruvic acid and TCA) were tested on the volar forearm of 20 volunteers of both sexes between 28 and 50 years old. The outcomes were evaluated at the baseline, 10 minutes, 24 hours, and 1 week after the peeling by means of noninvasive skin diagnosis techniques. Read More

    Cellulose nanocrystals from passion fruit peels waste as antibiotic drug carrier.
    Carbohydr Polym 2017 Nov 4;175:370-376. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Kalijudan 37, Surabaya 60114, Indonesia. Electronic address:
    Due to its excellent chemical and physical properties, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) possess many potential advanced functional applications. In this study, CNC was extracted from natural product by hydrolyzing cellulose segment of passionfruit peels using sulphuric acid solution. The capability of CNC as drug carrier was tested toward tetracycline antibiotic. Read More

    The effect of viroid infection of citrus trees on the amoebicidal activity of 'Maltese half-blood' (Citrus sinensis) against trophozoite stage of Acanthamoeba castellanii Neff.
    Exp Parasitol 2017 Dec 12;183:182-186. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    University Institute of Tropical Diseases and Public Health, University of La Laguna, Avda Francisco Sanchez s/n, Campus de Anchieta, 38271 La Laguna. Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.
    In order to promote a local Tunisian product, this study was designed to examine, for the first time, the anti-Acanthamoeba activity (Acanthamoeba castellanii Neff) of the essential oils of Tunisian Citrus sinensis peels (Maltese half-blood) and the effect of viroid plant infection on this activity. To do so, three samples of peels' essential oils were studied: from a healthy plant (Control), a plant inoculated with Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd) and one inoculated with hot stunt cachexia viroid (HSVd). The samples were extracted by hydrodistillation from dried peels and characterized by GC-MS. Read More

    Bioremoval of zinc and manganese by bacterial biofilm: A bioreactor-based approach.
    J Photochem Photobiol B 2017 Oct 6;175:211-218. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:
    Industrialization has led to the disposal of a massive amount of heavy metals every year, showing perilous effects on humans, marine life and agricultural products. There are numerous chemical and biological approaches available but their implementation is limited due to high cost and low efficiency. Therefore, the present study was focused on the biofilm- based bioremoval of heavy metals (zinc and manganese) using indigenous bacteria isolated from the tannery sludge obtained from Ranipet, Tamil Nadu. Read More

    Lifting the Lower Face With an Absorbable Polydioxanone (PDO) Thread.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Sep;16(9):932-934
    Traditional rejuvenation techniques include chemical peels, rhytidectomy of the skin, laser resurfacing, injection of dermal fillers and neurotoxins, and invasive surgical procedures. Patients with brow ptosis, jowl formation, and deepening nasolabial folds currently seek antiaging procedures with no incisions and minimal downtime such as thread-lifting with barbed sutures. The present report describes a case in which polydioxanone threads were used to lift the lower third of a patient's face. Read More

    Chemical Peels: Indications and Special Considerations for the Male Patient.
    Dermatol Surg 2017 Nov;43 Suppl 2:S163-S173
    *Division of Dermatology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois; †Division of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California.
    Background: Chemical peels are a mainstay of aesthetic medicine and an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure performed in men.

    Objective: To review the indications for chemical peels with an emphasis on performing this procedure in male patients.

    Materials And Methods: Review of the English PubMed/MEDLINE literature and specialty texts in cosmetic dermatology, oculoplastic, and facial aesthetic surgery regarding sex-specific use of chemical peels in men. Read More

    Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanoparticles for Oxygen Reduction Prepared via a Crushing Method Involving a High Shear Mixer.
    Materials (Basel) 2017 Sep 4;10(9). Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China.
    The disposal of agricultural wastes such as fresh banana peels (BPs) is an environmental issue. In this work, fresh BPs were successfully transformed into nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles (N-CNPs) by using a high shear mixer facilitated crushing method (HSM-FCM) followed by carbonization under Ar atmosphere. Ammonia-activated N-CNPs (N-CNPs-NH₃) were prepared via subsequent ammonia activation treatments at a high temperature. Read More

    [Chemical peels and management of skin aging].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 30;62(5):520-531. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Centre OroFace, 4, boulevard des Romarins, 13400 Aubagne, France. Electronic address:
    Chemical peels are an alternative and/or a complementary treatment to the surgical procedures for skin aging. The purpose of this article is to specify the procedures and the indications of the three principal types of chemical peels: alpha-hydroxy acids, trichloracetic acid, phenol-croton oil peel. The clinical examination will determine the depth of the lesions to treat and will take into consideration counter-indications and specific limits to each patient. Read More

    Two of a kind but different: Luminescent carbon quantum dots from Citrus peels for iron and tartrazine sensing and cell imaging.
    Talanta 2017 Dec 20;175:305-312. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece. Electronic address:
    Citrus sinensis and Citrus limon peels were used to synthesize two different kinds of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) via an unsophisticated and inexpensive carbonization procedure. The proposed synthesis is straightforward and adheres to the principles of green chemistry since no organic solvents are used and no toxic by-products are formed, while the residual resources employed facilitate the large scale synthesis of dots. The Citrus sinensis and Citrus limon peels are proved to be excellent precursors for the synthesis of CQDs with highly practical applications. Read More

    Production and Optimization of Physicochemical Parameters of Cellulase Using Untreated Orange Waste by Newly Isolated Emericella variecolor NS3.
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2017 Oct 3;183(2):601-612. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Biotechnology, Nanobioelectronics Laboratory, Delhi Technological University, Main Bawana Road, Delhi, 110042, India.
    Cellulase enzymes have versatile industrial applications. This study was directed towards the isolation, production, and characterization of cellulase enzyme system. Among the five isolated fungal cultures, Emericella variecolor NS3 showed maximum cellulase production using untreated orange peel waste as substrate using solid-state fermentation (SSF). Read More

    Histological case-control study of peeling-induced skin changes by different peeling agents in surgically subcutaneous undermined skin flaps in facelift patients.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Nov 27;70(11):1660-1665. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Center for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Ocean Clinic Marbella, Spain.
    A histological evaluation of peeling-induced skin changes in subcutaneous undermined preauricular facial skin flaps of nine patients was performed. There were three treatment groups: Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 25%, TCA 40% and phenol/croton oil; one group served as control. Two independent evaluators determined the epidermal and dermal thickness and the depth of necrosis (micrometre). Read More

    Melasma: an Up-to-Date Comprehensive Review.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2017 Sep 19;7(3):305-318. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
    Melasma is a common acquired condition of symmetric hyperpigmentation, typically occurring on the face, with higher prevalence in females and darker skin types. Multiple etiologies, including light exposure, hormonal influences, and family history, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Overall prevalence ranges widely at 1-50%, since values are typically calculated within a specific ethnic population within a geographic region. Read More

    Production of ligninolytic enzymes and some diffusible antifungal compounds by white-rot fungi using potato solid wastes as the sole nutrient source.
    J Appl Microbiol 2017 Oct 18;123(4):886-895. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
    Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the synthesis of ligninolytic enzymes and some diffusible antifungal compounds by white-rot fungi (WRF) using peels or discarded potato as the sole nutrient source.

    Methods And Results: The strain Trametes hirsuta Ru-513 highlighted for its laccase activity (595 ± 33 U l), which is able to decolourize 87% of an anthraquinone dye using potato peels as the sole nutritional support. A native polyacrylamide gel of laccase proteins showed the presence of two isoenzymes, corresponding to proteins of 56 and 67 kDa, which were detected by SDS-PAGE. Read More

    Structures of antimutagenic constituents in the peels of Citrus limon.
    J Nat Med 2017 Oct 11;71(4):735-744. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Department of Public Health, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, 607-8412, Japan.
    The methanolic extracts from the peels of Citrus limon were found to show antimutagenic effects against 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole, and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in the Ames test. From the methanolic extracts, four new coumarins (wakayamalimonol A-D) and a new furanocoumarin (wakayamalimonol E) were isolated together with fifteen known compounds. The absolute stereostructures of the new compounds were determined by chemical synthesis and the modified Mosher's method. Read More

    Optimization of pectinase-assisted and tri-solvent-mediated extraction and recovery of lycopene from waste tomato peels.
    3 Biotech 2017 Jul 30;7(3):206. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    Department of Food Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon, 425001, India.
    In the present work, optimization of pectinase-assisted and tri-solvent-mediated extraction of lycopene from waste tomato peels was carried out. The optimized parameters for enzymatic pre-treatment were 2% pectinase concentration, pH 5.5, 4-h incubation, 45 °C and 150 rpm. Read More

    Isotretinoin and Timing of Procedural Interventions: A Systematic Review With Consensus Recommendations.
    JAMA Dermatol 2017 Aug;153(8):802-809
    Pennsylvania State University, Hershey.
    Importance: The notion that systemic isotretinoin taken within 6 to 12 months of cutaneous surgery contributes to abnormal scarring or delayed wound healing is widely taught and practiced; however, it is based on 3 small case series from the mid-1980s.

    Objective: To evaluate the body of literature to provide evidence-based recommendations regarding the safety of procedural interventions performed either concurrently with, or immediately following the cessation of systemic isotretinoin therapy.

    Evidence Review: A panel of national experts in pediatric dermatology, procedural/cosmetic dermatology, plastic surgery, scars, wound healing, acne, and isotretinoin was convened. Read More

    Dark-Fermentative Biological Hydrogen Production from Mixed Biowastes Using Defined Mixed Cultures.
    Indian J Microbiol 2017 Jun 9;57(2):171-176. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Microbial Biotechnology and Genomics, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi University Campus, Mall Road, Delhi, 110007 India.
    Biological hydrogen (H) production from the biowastes is widely recognized as a suitable alternative approach to utilize low cost feed instead of costly individual sugars. In the present investigation, pure and mixed biowastes were fermented by defined sets of mixed cultures for hydrolysis and Hproduction. Under batch conditions, up to 65, 67 and 70 L H/kg total solids (2%, TS) were evolved from apple pomace (AP), onion peels (OP) and potato peels (PP) using a combination of hydrolytic mixed culture (MHC5) and mixed microbial cultures (MMC4 or MMC6), respectively. Read More

    A Deceptively Simple Solution for Refractory Melasma: Glycolic Acid Peels and Hydroquinone at Home.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 May 19;5(5):e1335. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; and Department of Plastic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
    Although various treatment methods for melasma have developed, substantial improvement of the condition is sometimes difficult. We have experientially found that some of refractory melasma caused by daily friction can easily be treated by using a combination of a peeling agent (20% glycolic acid) and a depigmenting agent (5% hydroquinone) twice daily at home. And here, by performing skin biopsies, we revealed the pathological mechanism: hyperkeratosis caused by repeated physical stimulus, which prevents infiltration of topical therapeutic agents, was dramatically reduced by chemical peeling, resulting that the melanin pigments were effectively cleared by topical hydroquinone. Read More

    Anti-Inflammatory and Neuroprotective Constituents from the Peels of Citrus grandis.
    Molecules 2017 Jun 9;22(6). Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.
    A series of chromatographic separations performed on the ethanol extracts of the peels of Citrus grandis has led to the characterization of forty compounds, including seventeen coumarins, eight flavonoids, two triterpenoids, four benzenoids, two steroids, one lignan, one amide, and five other compounds, respectively. The chemical structures of the purified constituents were identified on the basis of spectroscopic elucidation, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR, and mass spectrometric analysis. Most of the isolated compounds were examined for their inhibition of superoxide anion generation and elastase release by human neutrophils. Read More

    Nanocomposites based on banana starch reinforced with cellulose nanofibers isolated from banana peels.
    J Colloid Interface Sci 2017 Nov 26;505:154-167. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Department of Food Engineering, School of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, CEP 13635-900 Pirassununga, SP, Brazil.
    Cellulose nanofibers were isolated from banana peel using a combination of chemical and mechanical treatments with different number of passages through the high-pressure homogenizer (0, 3, 5, and 7 passages). New nanocomposites were then prepared from a mixed suspension of banana starch and cellulose nanofibers using the casting method and the effect of the addition of these nanofibers on the properties of the resulting nanocomposites was investigated. The cellulose nanofibers homogeneously dispersed in the starch matrix increased the glass transition temperature, due to the strong intermolecular interactions occurring between the starch and cellulose. Read More

    Efficacy and safety of superficial chemical peeling in treatment of active acne vulgaris.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Mar-Apr;92(2):212-216
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah - Sabah, Malaysia.
    Acne vulgaris is an extremely common condition affecting the pilosebaceous unit of the skin and characterized by presence of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, which might result in permanent scars. Acne vulgaris commonly involve adolescents and young age groups. Active acne vulgaris is usually associated with several complications like hyper or hypopigmentation, scar formation and skin disfigurement. Read More

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